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Burlington Hawk Eye (Newspaper) - August 17, 1890, Burlington, Iowa AUVKKTISK YOUK WANTS IN the H AWK-EYE. the leading paper. \ BURLINGTON HAWK-EYE. EIGHT PAGES. ♦ ] PAI in r ON Ere PAI.ES I TO I. ESTABLISHED: JUNE, 1839.)BURLINGTON, IOWA, SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 17, 1890—EIGHT PAGES. (PRICE: 15 CENTS PER WEEK IS THE MISSION FIELD. Notes of the Work in the By-Ways and Dark Places. Mont of the Chinese Have No Religion at %11—The Buddhists—Vastness of the Field in tile Flowery Kingdom-Religious Notes. Rev. Dr. Flapper, of Canton, has estimated that tho Buddhists of the Chinese empire, instead of numbering three or four hundred millions, do not exceed leventy-five millions. Rev. Dr. No vins, of North China, in answer to the question, “What proportion of the people are Buddhists?'’ replies that there are comparatively few, aside from the monks, who would call themselves by that name, if, indeed, they even knew what was meant by the question. The? great mass are nothing at all by self designation: they have no religion whatever, except as occasion seems to require. When thev are in distress they go to a Confucian or Buddhist or a Tanist temple, whichever may bo convenient, or most strongly recommended, just a*; men try a variety of nostrums for bodily ailments. The most common resort in every day life is to the god of wealth, or to jugglers, who control the fungshuay, or the influences < >f g<m>d luck. There is co greater sham in our day than the assumption that tho masses of the people inacountry like China or Siam or Ceylon are in any intelligent sense Buddhists. The proportions of devil worship and serpent worship are probably greater now than in former days, for everywhere modern Buddhism is in a state of decline and decay. Dr. Arthur Mitchell writes: “Central China is a field which I never before half appreciate i. it is amazing: it a1-mostpasses belief. Whole numbers of cities tiler- arc yet within the oldest field: cities <>f from bl,OOO to 300,000 population, in which tin re is not one Christian missionary or laborer of any name, or in which tie r - is to be found only one native helper. L ■eely and feeble. * * From Hang ch »w t i Shanghai, one of the longe t r ates. I traveled in much less than twenty-four hours in a little steam launch, by continuous canals. I was absolutely awe struck and dumb, its I steamed, even on that short sail, past city after city, groat and populous, one of which was a walled city of BOO,OOO souls, without one missionary of any Christian denomination whatever, and without o much as a native Christian I helper or teacher of any kind. What makes the condition of things more op-I pressive and burdens! one to < nie's heart is I the fact that this is on-- of the most ac-t. cessible regions on tho face of the earth.” Tile strong position Italy now occupies at M-.ssaua, on the Red sea, its military strength, its alliance with King Menelek, its rising colony at A-sab, all inspire the hope that Abyssinia and the Calla country may be speedily opened up to the gospel. The past labors of the C. M. S. since 1830 in these regions are well I known. Collat, Krapf, Isenberg were I among its faithful agents. These were, however, gradually driven out through religious intrigue and the violence of King Theodore. There remain, however, valuable translate ins, such as those in the Amharic, Tigre and Calla tongues —the last tie- laborious work of Dr. Krapf. Thor an' still also fragments of missions a a: mg the Pal a.-.has, in the Shoa country, and then-is the Swedish mission a* Massa ii a, etc., which Cen. Gordon so generously supported. It is said that Russia also is to establish a consulate and to send a mission. It is to be hoped that evangelical missions will not bf1 slav to avail themselves of this open door.—Christian at Work. T 1 illrf last institution has the k'i h' iraln ! .y' *n consequence of the Knltnrkampf it could not I* founded ’1)at the teaching staff and tho students are German. Five years ago the propaganda intrusted the‘missions ot central Russia to the care of this louse. J fourth German missionary house has Hist been founded in Rome, and the propaganda has assigned to it the growing missions of Thibet. With the new college which is to be provided for African x\ ork tao Roman church in Ger-man> will be remarkably well equipped for the foreign missions. Distribution of Foreign Missionaries. .    . distribution of foreign missiona ries in tho chief missionary fields is reported to be as follows: China has oho ordained missionary to each 733,000 of population; Siam, one to each 000,000; Corea, one to each 500,000; India, one to each 350,000; Africa, one to each 300,-000; Japan, one to each 215,000; Burundi, one to each 200,000. Nearly all the missionaries in Africa are around tho coast. In Central Africa and tho Soudan there is as yet only one missionary to each 5,000,000 people. RELIGIOUS NOTES. There are 334 Congregational churches in Connecticut, with a total membership of 12,840. The average salary of the settled pastors is 81,200. It is stated that there are 459 Sunday schools in Chicago, with an attendance of 124,250 scholars. The Methodists lead witli 96 schools and 23,493 scholars- Dr. Charles Ray Palmer has been elected by the Congregational general conference of Connecticut as delegate to the International Council to be held in London next year. According to the action of the general conference of the Methodist Episcopal church, the lay members are next fall to vote on the question whether women shall be eligible as lay delegates to the electoral and general conferences of the church. The joint committee of the Methodist New Connection ami the Methodist Free Churches of England has issued a report which declares in substance that the union of the twTo bodies is not only desirable but practicable. The report will be presented to the annual assembly of each of the bodies. It is thought that it will result in their union. Notwithstanding the decision of the supreme court of Wisconsin that the reading of the Bible in the public schools of that state is unconstitutional, the school board at Egerton has continued to use the Bible in its opening exercises. The result bas been the issue of a mandamus commanding the board to cause the teachers to cease the practice. The bing bing Baptist chun.-Ii will celebrate its one hundredth anniversary on Nov. 12 of the present year. Great preparations are b ing made to «3 serve in a fitting manner the completed century of its hist* try. Ami mg other important considerations is the effort to pay off the balance of ti: - indebtedness, amounting to 810,000. the church having a laudable ambition to commence the second century of its existence free from debt. SOMEBODY’S BOY. A Great Man. The Rev. Dr. Broadus recently related the following incident during a Sabbath school talk in Detroit: For many years an old man used to sweep til' • street crossings near flit- bouses of parliament t -r gratuitous pennies. One day lie was absent. Upon inquiry he was found by a missionary ill in a little attic chambt-r barely furnished with cot and stool. ‘'You art- I in -Iv her-,” the missionary said. “Ii.;- any one railed upon you?'* “Oh, yes.'' !;e replied, “several persons have called- Mr. Gladstone for one. Ile called and read to me.” “Mr. Gladstone called? And what did la read?” ‘'He sat on ta.ii -tool there and read the Bible to me.” What a beautiful posit ion! The greatest statesman in the world sitting on a Stool in an attic reading tile word of God to a street sweeper! Great men lose none of their greatness bv kindle .-re to God's pier. Oar Church Homes. \ Ile, The Rev. John it the N. w loTri Successfully labor agyria- recipient Ii ft 2 ('TO. G. Paton, missionary des. when- Ie- has so • I, was, some time from a Young Men's Christian association of a small donation Ll las mission. Lately a letter was re- OUR SECRET SOCIETIES. Items Gathered From Lodge Room and Castle Hall. America’s Female Free Masons—Knights of Canada—New York’s Secret Societies—Sons of Hermann— Lodge Matters. ii is IO* I VI* I tot I L e. md rn* cetvod by the dor ^liich he stated Christianized fie' raise the funds Pat his >n. in now irs from Mille had left I I to visit Australia to necessary to send mis- 8ynar.es to the 5t),0u;» cannibals yet on the island of Aniwa. His letter so stirred UP the members of the association that •n eight days rimy smit Mr. Paton £53 Lizard his scheme of planting missionaries im rn- TV island of the New Hebri-a,'a: HL fund, thus started, is to be pished aud called the “John G. Paton Mission Fund.” Got Hums. 1\. S Into Trnuldc. Nm. of tlio high caste Hindoos of Kl Vay kav<‘ L 4 themselves into trouty by dining at a social gathering with WO lade-:, one of whom was Dr. Emma dbl r and the other the well known reformer, Pundit; remembered country. Th offending bounced fating a -•pen day "chan a Ramabai, who will be as a recent visitor to this e priests have brought the gentlemen to trial and pro-rentence against them. For mph* meal with ladies in the bi-so polluted Hindoos must a ’dan- -acred thread,” go through jr.Kess of purgation, “bathe in some S t:Ulk or river,” and do other ri-b'Us and inconvenient things. Supreme Alii. nothingV*0 's‘‘ nr "'hfch is content with Wless nor Worton the highest thepowei Tr re tfmi>tatiou directly to for (tee. ^TOl“ to cry out in sorrow dnnm _-S, COlllPany; to be satisfied in the assur-givfcs; to know that there sin except in be- is    ^    givfes;    t -s no real escape from are what g    holiness—these Mon. r, T' u" a s complete salva-cHldrea r T’ri'rilege and mine as kelp but tna i° it0 1)6 Eati'Sficd with no lips Brc0i- P 0f che highest.-Phil- Gtholio M; Leo XIII, *«*«« that s-it leary Work in Germany. rn!11 a,ttrr t0 the archbishop new college < -talilishod in Germany to edu for nan one 0ther at Heichenbach. in ^tenrio a' i •    vienna bona. al. ^h^d for the African mis-btiBsiomrv I* ' (j^bimany jiosse&ses tluree W«tphalL .Ua8!f~°ne nt Motlier, in k*- ■ i another at Reichenl and the third at Steyl, TVC Whole J . i ii ti Cheered, and at I.east One Voice Was for an Enemy Spared As we were falling back upon Malvern Hill, in the Peninsular campaign, tile rear guard lighting back the Confederate ad \ ance, our brigade was wheeled to the left and another to the right to cover thenar row highway and give the wounded and stragglers an opportunity to close up. Across the fields, which were broken and wooded, advanced the enemy’s skirmishers, followed by a double line of battle. We checked them with a volley, but they re-formed and charged with a cheer. I could see their faces very plainly under the smoke, and as they rushed forward I noticed that the man directly in front of me was not a man, but a stripling of a boy. Ile didn't look to be more than 15 years old. and his face was white and scarred. I had a dead rest with my musket, and this boy coming straight upon me. Had lie been a man I should have killed him. I could have hit him with my oyes shut. When I saw that it was a boy I could not fire upon him. I covered him once, but his scared face turned my gun away. We let them come charging up until some of the more impetuous were almost over us, and then then- was an awful crash of musketry, a great billow of flame—a thousand cries and curses. The flame of death had licked up their lines. I was looking for tlie boyos the smoke lifted. He stood, musket in hand, looking about him as if paralyzed. Every man had gone down for ten feet either side of him. As our cheers burst forth the boy faced around with the remainder of the line and retreated to cover. I rejoiced over his escape, and I hoped that if another charge was made he would not lie with them. Half an hour passed, and now we were the rear guard—a brigade holding the narrow road. We saw the enemy massing for another charge, and again we made ready to receive them. As they came forward I saw the same white faced boy, this time a little to my left. “Don’t shoot that boy!” I called to tho men beyond me. The third man <>n the left was in lino wit 11 Hie boy. He looked up at roc with a sardonic smile, and then he rested his musket and covered the boy, to kill him when the word came to fire. An enemy was an enemy to him whether boy or man. He was there to lull. I held my breath as tho double line again advanced. A little closer, and they fired a volley, and then charged. They sought our death—they were following us to destroy—they had no mercy. And yet as I fired into the smoke, knowing that my bullet must find a human target, I was consoled by the reflection that I was not shooting at the boy— somebody's boy lf he was killed it would be by the man on my left, and ho must answer for it. The enemy could not budge us. They couldn't touch our flanks, and a charge iu front was simply slaughter. Gar volleys broke their lines, decimated them, threw them into confusion, and t hey were breasted back again. I sprang t i my feet and looked for tho boy. The powder smoke swirled about, dove down, lilted up, floated away among tho tree tops, and my heart bounded as I saw Somebody's Boy again. Ile stood with two comrades, the remnant perhaps of his whole company. Just as I got a glimpse of him the three turned to obey the call to retreat, and I swung my cap and cheered. Our whole line was cheering, the others because they had once more repulsed tho enemy, and I because Somebody’s Boy had again escaped. And when I looked along our line to tho left, wondering how t he man with the grim face and murderous: heart had missed his target, I saw him lying dead on the ground, stone dead. A bullet had struck him fair in the forehead.—Detroit Free Press. Two Good It.oa.sons. Pompano (a student of human nature) —I am much interested in your friend. Miss Redingote. I see in ber face the shadow of a great sorrow, the weight of a dark secret, or—can it be remorse? Pongee (only an ordinary man)—Per* haps it is a tight shoe.—Drakes Magazine.    _____ His Is Missing. “Why is Mr. Pryer so persistent in overhauling every one s character.'1 •‘Merecuriosity. You see, he has none of Iris own.”—Chicago Times. The portrait herewith given is thatoi Mrs. Jane Little, probably the only female Freemason in tile United States. She lives St 83 W a I n u t street, C Ii ieago, and the following is lier own story of how she became a Mason: My early life was spent in Stewartstown, county of Tyrone, in the north of Ireland. When IT years old I married John Little. A young man named William Robinson who    JAN!;. LI 11 LE. lived with us was to take his degrees on a certain night. The lodge room took tire Indore, the meeting and was destroyed. My husband was master of the lodge, and asked me if there was any objection to Using a large hall in our house, which was an old manor house. “I gave assent, and with a woman’s curiosity hid myself in an adjoining bedroom, where I could and did see tile ceremonies and heard tic* oath. The next day I bantered my husband upon the proceedings, and he nearly fell in a faint. 'You will have to join the lodge,’he said, ‘lf t Ii is thing leaks out I will be charged as a traitor.’ The next meeting I was taken in, and I was a Mason. Since then my husband and his associates have been gathered to the great lodge room. I may have forgotten the password aud grips, but I still remember my oath.” something About tho Late Bro. Gen. Charles Bonnie—Items. The late Gen. diaries lloome, as a Mason, held the dignities of master of Kane lodge, grand master of the state lodge of tile state of New York, and afterward of the national lodge of Knights Templar. Ile retired from this last cilice shortly before his illnes.-. Ile was a member of Jerusalem chapter 8, It. A. Mg was past high priest and past commander of Comr de Lion commandery, ami an honorary thirty-third degree member of both the northern ;unl southern jurisdictions of tile Scottish Rite Masons of the United States. His last words were an inquiry about the health of a sick friend. Stephen Girard lodge No. 450, of Philadelphia, held a stated meeting recently at which out of fourteen living past masters nine were present. Since the union of the ancient and modern grand lodges of Massachusetts in 1792 tiler.- have been only eleven recording grand secretaries. An English clergyman has been visiting the Druses on Mount Lebanon, and has been admitted to their closest confidence. As a result he has discovered that Masonic signs and practices are common among them, and hence he believes that their ancestors took part in the building of King Solomon’s temple. This is interesting if true. In a lodge minute of June 20, 1754, it is stated that a Bro. Cryer was “hauled over the coals,” and that the mc milers agreed that he “should not at any time lien-after have any vote in any matter, cause, or anything whatever, for it. was thought the said Bro. Cryer behaved extremely ill, and absolutely broke through the laws in refusing to pay one bottle of wine fur entering into the holy suite of matrimony. A Royal Arch chapter, to be worked in the French language, has been warranted in London. The Lodge of Antiquity is the oldest in Canada, having been founded in 1752 with a traveling warrant, obtained from tile grand lodge of Ireland by Masons in the old Forty-ninth regiment. When lodges meet regularly in London it. is computed that, 230 Masonic meetings are held during the week. The Freemason, London, reports that during the half year to March 31, lvjo, warrants for six new Mark lodges and three new Ark Mariner lodges were granted. At the same date the total number of registered Mark Masons under the Mark grand lodge was 20,087, and tile number of Ark Mariners was 3,019. Grand lodge has invested funds to the amount of £9,100. The new United grand lodge of Victoria, Australia, in adopting its constitution defined “pure ancient Masonry to consist of the entered apprentice, the fellow craft, tiie master Mason, the mark master Mason and the .supreme order of the Holy Royal Arch.” The introduction of the royal arch degree into Ireland has been credited to Lawrence Dermott, and there does not appear to be anything of sufficient- consequence to unsay this. As to the exact date of its introduction opinion is less certain; but the evidence is ample to show that tile “higher degrees” were conferred until a comparative!j* recent date under a lodge warrant. Bro. Henry 15. Grant, grand secretary of tile grand lodge, and grand high priest of the grand chapter of Kentucky, who has been since 1SS3 Ga-editor of Tin-Masonic Home Journal, bad -adieu to its columns in the issue c f June 12. Bro. GrHnt has been a hard worker, an able editor, and his savings are widely copied. relief during Hie year. The lodges of Indiana now have an average membership of 86. Brother Peter Putnam, I*. G., of Benver-wyek lodge, New York state, has been a member of the order for fifty-two years, and during that time has sat as a representative in the Grand lodge over twenty-live years, so says The Lodge Record. The surplus funds of the subordinate lodges in New Hampshire amount to more than *318,000. This sum does not include furniture, fixtures, etc. Tile largest lodge in Ohio lias 4G7 members, the smallest 7. Fifty lodges in the state of Missouri have assets averaging more than fifty dollars per member, and of this number seven are in the city of St. Louis. New Hampshire now has seventy-eight lodges with a total membership of 10,646, a gain of 157 during 1889. This is an average of 136 to each lodge. Connecticut now has 12/(75 Odd Fellows, a net gain of TOI during 1889. There are but To lodges, making the average membership over 170 to each lodge. During I SSO the grand master of Ohio personally instituted nine subordinate lodges, eighteen R. I), lodges and dedicated fourteen halls and^einples. KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS. Texas ItuIIt tho First Castle—Vari mss .Matters of Interest. An exchange says Texas built the first Knights of I’ythias hall in tile world, and named the first lodge for the founder. Texas will shortly build a *250,000 castle hall at Fort Worth. The knights cif Zanesville, <)., talk of erecting a Pythian temple with appropriate castle halls. Tilt1 wondrous growth of the* order in Iowa is shown by tho fact that in 1875 there was a membership of 500, and in 18.89 a membership of nearly 11,000. In 1875 the grand lodge was in debt some $400, and in 1889 the grand lodge was out of debt and $8,000 in the treasury. The total membership of the order in Indiana is nearly 20,000. The membership of the order in Nebraska is about 7,000 in good standing. Governor Joe Fifer, of Illinois, is an enthusiastic Knight of Pythias. British Columbia has four subordinate lodges. Tile chancellor commander of Cheyenne lodge. Wyoming, weighs a pound for every day of the year, namely, 305 pounds. There is a lodge in Philadelphia named Fourth of July, No. 196. HOW TO BUY FRESH FOOD. Juliet Corson Gives Some Details for Marketing. At Tills Time of Year Fluctuations Prices are Likely to lie Only Slight, Therefore Do Not Lay in Large Supplies. iii Secret Societies in New York. There is published iii New York a journal called The Lodge, Club and Association Record. It gives the addresses of the various lodges of the secret societies with the name- md addresses of their officers, etc. There are nearly 2,000 lodges of about fifty different orders mentioned, besides tbree or four times as many non-secret organizations. The Masons are credited with 132 English lodges, 21 German, 2 Italian, I Spanish, 3 French, 23 Royal Arch chapters, 9 commanderies Knights Templar, 4 temples Scottish Rite, 3 royal and select masters subordinate councils, I temple Mystic Shrine, 6 chapters order of the Eastern Star; total, 205. The I. O. O. F. has 54 English lodges, si German, 2 French, 4 Bohemian, I Swelli.sh. I Danish, 28 encampments Patriarchs militant, IT Rebecca degree lodges; total, ISS. The American Legion of Honor has (ii English lodges and 29 German; total, 90. Chosen Friends—English, 36; German, ll; Scandinavian, 2; total, 49. Knights of Pythias—English, 42; German, 21; uniformed rank, 2; total, 65. Knights of Honor- 42 English,24 German; total, 66. Knights and Ladies of Honor—14 Gorman, 17 English; total, 61. Ancient Order of United Workmen—English, 57; German, 13; French, 3; total, 53. Royal Arcanum, 27; United Friends, SR Iron Hall, 19; Good Templars, s: Knights and Ladies of the Golden Star, 20; Red Men, 19; Legion of Justice. 2>; Various Jewish societies, 167; Select I Juardians, 5; Good Fellows, 15; Sons of Hermann, 2(5. There are other societies represented to have small memberships which are in other parts of the country very popular. This, by the way, offers an interesting question. Wily should a society have a large membership in one locality aud be practically unknown in another, even though both fields have received attention from the organizers? on the Advice to Mothers. Mrs. Winslow’S Soothing Syrup should a1 ways be used for children teething. It soothes the child, softens the gums, allays all pain, cures wind colic, and is the best remedy tor Diarrhoea. Twenty-five cents a bottle. A. o. u. w All Iu■ 11iou- Plan for Securing Members. General News. A lodge in Kansas has adopted a new plan for securing members. Folders are printed which give t he officers of t lie lodge, some of tlie most important statistics and advantages of the order. One page is demoted to a pithy appeal to a brother to do iris duty in working for new members, but the most striking feature is the page which gives the names of nm* hundred persons who are eligible to membership, hut who do not belong to the lodge. The grand lodge of Michigan has passed the 16,000 mark, and one assessment uow pays eight deaths. The A. O. U. W. throughout the United States made liberal responses to the relief call made by the Dakotas for seed grain. Grand Recorder Howland, of Iowa, says that tile loyal grand lodge of Iowa has passed the 4,000 mark. A net gain of I OO,OGU members is the rec Ord of the last ten years. I. O. O. F. A Healthy Growth in Ohio—Other Matter of Interest. The grand secretary’s report to tho grand lodge of Ohio says there are GOO lodges, an increase of 6; membership 55,551, an increase of 2,377. The lodge receipts were $535,228.12, paid fur relief $179,650.55, and paid for expenses $278,861.32; cash on hand and invested, $2,015,952.77. Number of Rebekah lodges 221. a gain of 42, with a membership of 13,151, a gain of 2,646, with cash assets $13,164.36. The average membership of the lodges of Pennsylvania is 94. The grand lodge of Texas now hold.' forth in the city of Dallas. Massachusetts has the largest number of P. M. boys enrolled: 2,300 is about the number. Tile average membership of the lodges of Ohio lias increased from 65 in 1880 to SO in 1889. Naomi lodge, D. of R., of Worcester, Mass., has a membership roll comprising 553 members in good standing. A blind man cannot become a member. Indiana now has 363 lodges with a mem bership of 31,526, a gain of 1,673 during 1889. The sum of $115,164.81 was paid for K iii gilts of Canada. The cost of management for the last year, including salaries, rent, postage, printing, cost of annual session, etc, was only about $3,(DO, and the individual cost to the members was at the rate of $5.50 per $1,000, being equal to eleven assessments of *1 each. Dr. King, the medical director of the society, reports having examined 1,244 applications during the year, md approving of 1,153 of these. The arrage age of the members admitted was 55. bi years, tieing a reduction of the average compared with 18SSof 5.65 years. The rate of mortality for the past year was 4.50 per 1,000, being less by I per 1,000 than is the very low death rate of the parent order, the A. O.U. W. Knights of the Golden Eagle. At the second annual convention of the grand castle of the Knights of the Golden Eagle of Ontario the main subject discussed was a proposed schemo of life insurance in connection with the order. The institution is a benevolent one, having a membership of over 100,000 in the United States. It was founded in Baltimore in 1853, but di«l not attain to much prominence until 1872. Its stronghold is the state of Pennsylvania, having iii the city of Philadelphia alone 11,000 members. In Canada the order has been only one year in operat ion, but is already one of t he most powerful and progressive societies in the Dominion. Ottawa is tile birthplace of the Canadian branch of the order. Tho summer being well on tho way there now can seldom bo any more than a temporary lack of fresh food. As long as tho intense heat lasts it is not wise to purchase more largely than the needs of the family’ warrant. To buy a quantity of any kind of food liecause it is temporarily cheap is not good policy if there is the least danger that any of it will spoil before it can bo eaten. Usually food is cheap for one of these two reasons: Either there is an over supply or glut of tho market, because of abundant yield, or because the product has been held back for a rise in prices, in which case it is not marketed until it is iii danger of spoiling, if there is abundance probably tho prices will not be advanced locally, and one need not be forced to purchase more than is required; if the articles offered rfit a low rate have already been kept as long as they are likely to be properly eatable, to buy more than can be used at once would simply b“ throwing away the purchase money. Tile first principle in economy would be defeated, for nothing is cheap for which we have not an immediate use. These two conditions aside it is either local market rules or accidental circumstances that make any unusual variation In prices. The accidents are .storms severe enough to disturb local traffic or interruption of railway or steamboat transportation facilities; they are not likely to In- more than temporary hindrances, to be overcome by doing without the article in question until it is again within one's range of price, or buying only tin' quantity absolutely necessary for the time. In many of the- smaller cities where there are surrounding market gardens the buyer leis greatly the advantage of purchasers in the large markets, where all the supplies pass through the hands »f middlemen or commission dealers. The market days occur regularly several times weekly, the products offered for r-ale are well understood, there is but little variation of prices an I the fullest opportunity of satisfying every inclina-; ion of the palate at reasonable expense is afforded. < if course all supplies are in the best condition early in the day and the best choice is then offered * [IS the time passes and tile farmer or Iris representative is anxious to close up business a decline in prices may I>e offered. which indicates only this state < re aurir and leaves the buyer to decide a to th cc indite ii of the wares for sale. Sometime the- whole stock will bt* bought up by sunn* I. .rad peddler who trust- to the coming of la> • purchasers to disp< -sc* of it; buying late in the day under any circumstances implies unusual care in st lection, for almost any food is impaired by exposure to sun and air during the heat of the day. Buying from street peddlers usually has this drawback; either from carelessness or ignorance they fail to shelter their loads from sun and dust, and if vegetables or fruit of a delicate kind or the still more perishable meats or fish are in question the buyer sh mid be very cautious. Tile stock from which their wares is recruit; I is generally that left in tho hands of tile large dealers at ti; • close of the market demand, and either already spoiled or upon the verge of decay. In these days of refrigeration this is more than ever the case. Food of any kind which has once been kept in the atmosphere of a refrigerator car or a cold room will spoil with the greatest rapidity directly it is exposed to a higher temperature; even that which has lieen temporarily kept in the family ice box is apt to taint in the kitchen if it remains there any length of time. To return to tho street dealers, when they have tho fresh goods of an overstocked market, and come into a hew neighborhood, th v are apt to give scant ine Inner molding, tho titor tne picture is done in bronze paints on cartridge pajier and fastened with ribbons in the middle space atween tire smaller shells. Then the whole is gilded with tho best bronze paint. The shells and ribbons may bo modeled in plaster or putty and then gilded. Cork mosaic makes very pretty frames when other materials are not at hand and a variety is d< sired. Tho cork should be broken up into small rough pieces and glued to a plain wooden frame, tho interstices filled with grated cork and tho wholo covered with a coat of good varnish. All sorts and sizes of plain flat frames are covered with chamois leather, which comes in various delicate shades now and is used for a great variety of decoration. Oval mirror frames covered with chamois and decorated with Chinese cash, which are curious little round brass coins with square hoi es in tho center, are exceedingly taking. A couplet or sentiment may be painted in gold or bronze along one sit! *. fir (Tv) .j xy AN' AFTERNOON STUDY. i in* <1 glass I 'ads ach as th make the Col____ use in their fancy work propitiate 'decoration f< leather frames, lf the Indian can be copied, all the bet! -r. The- crinkled Japanese crepe JT • Indians very ap-unois items PEARLS IN OYSTERS. Formation of the Precious Gem in the Shell Fish. Life of Iii** Diver*—Place* Where the I’iv.alve* Thrive — Pearl* Liable to Deray — Interesting Fart* About the DusineHH. To picture Hie sedate and matter or fact oyster as rising to th** surface of tho ocean to drink in the dew of heaven may well be regarded as a stretch of the imagination worthy of tho most fanciful weaver of romances. Wt such was stated by early writers to bo the origin of the pearl, that gsSri which is deemed worthy to deck the brow of royalty, which adorns fair women, which is tho delight of tho treasure hunter and which in all age has been the symbol of beauty, purity and w rth. This pretty conceit, how*-ver, is brushed away by the f t-m realities of sober fact. The keen eye of science has discovered that the birth of a pearl is anything but a poetical affair. It is due to an accident, and to one of those provisions of nature by which every living creature resists for foreign attack and seeks to protect its-lf from injury. Tile oyster pearl springs into existence in two dif-i • fir.-t is bv the intro- to Hie top of the hill, • imney will stand af course of 197 f where tho giat an example of engne - nng skill. It will take 1,500/M>9 bricks to build this perpendicular funnel, aud its cst is estimated at about $30,090. WASTED WORK Ob ROADS. animal of a foreign sub- ferent ways. duction into stance. In lino unguarded moment the oyster may jr-rmit a minute grain of sand to slip into its domicile and lodge between the flesh and the sh“ll. The oyster is powerless to exp I th*- intruding substance, which immediately Incomes a source of irritation. There is but one remedy. The animal begins to cover tho grain of sand with a coat of membrane, followed by a layer of calcareous matter called nacre. This is identical with mother-; rU- tlico makes pretty covering franc-.; of certain kinds of pictur* -. It comes in different patten;.', always blue and white, threc-eigliths of a yard win *. and costs twenty-five cents a yard. There is a pretty stork pattern which might lie used for a seash “Dreamers,” the frame < design of tho picture. Plain frames of pine, < wood showing tin* grin Dished and fini.-hed a1 ti. inner edge with a bord sketch, or Church’s ;arr} ing out the r may light .ai •r manilla rep or silver p * covered lint. Tin v.re var-h outer and I half inch coat of gold chamois leather well with a rope ITI : Omer, would which are are larger ■ire cov red . I, scraggy a great va- fraines would also lf molding. A sailor's knot in one with fringed out ends for tassel' add somewhat to the variety. One of the handsomest frames seen had the half of a horn I clam shell on each comer. These shells, found oti the Pacific' coa •? than the ordinary clam an i with dozens of loner, cr k horns. They tire found in riety of colors, from pure whit • to tbs df*ep red an-1 orang ; some begin with white and shade to th-* red or yellow, while others have th • dark centers, the colors gradually failing un ii tho edges are a pal * pink or yellow. Smaller shells and starfish may lie u I with tho rope and fish net decoration. Ivorino in a great var is used Ur frames, with moldings on the edges. thing and almost evervt i 3. IT- ring ■avy model- d Indeed, any-g is used for frame coverings mil d Le •orat ic: -T-T P. Kila Wheeler VV I i COY at Home r, let us hope poet was ex or untidy; I had still when the dc beautiful fleets all well as tints. N; he body nautilus ti. lining of the ,-h the colors of til lie most deli “at (if til:- oyster, ti .tie snail and oth I-po ll V ar irl, that hieh re- nix>\v as I subtle I *d from ride, the - d< d which has n mollusc covering, hard or cording to the pr their surrounding ing grain of sat tioned accum “.I membrane an’ formed. TUE MOST VALUED These pearls, however, valuable gem- of commer the first plac“, they pr* *-r the grain of rand, and lie lar in simp*-, and in ti; * they frequently adhere* to consequently pr '-'■Tit ■ -th- j The p I Ii Ti Alen demanded by Ar mud tile intrud- eroati until been nu layers a [lear I , lie th* rfect t>earl interior of th - fish, a in an animal genii. th. d 1< net tne •ausu, iu form re irregu-id plat shell and a Ila ? DV f eg p into ut of ti begin ■ r annu-s, wnich, minutive mother. ally produces a nu mix* as soon as they d eh animals, are thrown < Occasionally, however, an egg proves abortive and remains lx-hind. It is alme microscopic in Yze, and is inclose d in tiny cap: to all in! stance. to there that of and gall nacre e< germ of aile. This capsule now bt-com ents and purposes a foreign sub-But it has certain powers akin of the present, one of which is manufacturing, throwing out Loring around itself na re. T nnpletely envelop- it, tho animal is so- n inc; beautiful prison, usually form, but sometim - n-- tv is the true pearl. Tho most famous p If world are near the c a-Japan, Java and Sumati Persian gulf, although p ■; quantities arc obtained in an i th ise I in a •ideal in ■a. ti Ceyk I in the . limited measure, thinkim strike the .same that thev will not customer the* st •cond time. The honest wagon dealer usually has Ills fixed route and regular customers, generally in some suburb where* local stores are ie freon* nt. He regularly brings them a oh ice of fro h supplies, and depends up. a fair dealing to keel* their custom; rn, I r such circumstances fresh fruit and vegetables arc really available, n -tab’y if they arc brought directly from soc* ■ Ut d market garden. If a wet cloth I. Tit over the load it Iron Hall. Au elaborate .showing of tho workings of this order was placed recently upon the desks of tie* membersof the Massachusetts legislature. The number of sick and disability claims paid since Jan. I was 6,100, and the total number paid since the organization is 49,-300. The amount of benefits paid since the organization is $3,958,216. The total assets of the order are $1,098,774. The first branch instituted in Philadelphia was Sept. I, 1881, since which time there have been sixty more .added to the last one, 1,162, instituted last month. There are over 8,000 members in the city. ___ Sons of Hermann. The fiftieth anniversary of the order was duly celebrated by a large numlx-r of the German citizens of St. Paul and Minneapolis. The bret lodge of “Hermannsoehne” organized in St. Paul was the "Washington lodge, No. I, which began its existence Aug. 20, 1870. Since then the order lias grown rapidly in the city and in the state in general, until now Minncsotta leads all the other states in point of membership. It is a benevolent order similar to the A. O. U. W. in its object. will remain fit sh from the effects of evaporation. Many holist ke< [it rs are puzzled tu know Imw to keep the most perishable of the slimmer fruits - cherries, currants, blackberries, etc. If all imperfect or decayed portions art* removed, and the fruits placed either in the ice box, not on iht! ice, t : in a draft of cool or damp air. they will keep over night. Dampness and warmth will .surely spoil them. The stems maybe removed if they are to be used soon, but care must be taken not to bruise them. Cherries and plums which have been in the ice box f ir several hours will show a pretty bloom in the atmosphere of the dining room. When berries are sound the best way to keep them is to spread them upon a dry platter, so that the air can touch them all around, and place them in a cool current of air. Experience is the best teacher iii the treatment rf fruit, because that rare d in different localities Is of different substance, the firmest keeping better than the watery kind. Tex) great care cannot be exercised in the selection and treatment of fresh fruit; for, while it is nature’s finest food, it also is one of the most dangerous. It should l>e eaten plentifully when ripe and sound, but avoided like jxiisou if de rayed.    Juliet    Corson. niness sn nt-r hun It BEAUTIFUL feiRCH BARK May rtfsilo United Friends. Of the twenty-five deaths on the last assessment call one was in Massachusetts, one in New Jersey, one in Maine, two in Pennsylvania and twenty in New York. Order of Equity. During the month of April nearly $3,000 was paid out in benefits, and the funds of the order shew a large increase. The in t the I*. O. s. of A. ii is teen an increase of SO percent, membership in Ohio, as shown by . -etai-annual reports. As a general liniment for sprains and bruises or for rheumatism, lame back, deep seated or muscular pains, Chamberlain's Pain Balm is unrivalled. For sale by all druggists. Beechain's Pills act like magic on a weak stomach. Ile Used in 81.iking Frames for Pictures. (Copyright by American Press Association.] Birch bark, which is a favorite ma terial for decorative purposes of all kinds, is especially suited to the framing of certain pictures. Along the outer edge of a plain pine frame is put a two inch beading covered with the delicately marked bark; inside of this are glued pieces of lichen, so as to entirely cover the frame work. This makes an admirable surrounding for an autumn forest scene. A unique frame holding a study in oil is made by covering the plain wire frame with soft plaster, the sticky side out. Over this are laid strips of burlap, which must bo pressed hard against the plaster and thoroughly rubbed so that no spot may bo left untouched. When this is done tho burlap is tom off, leaving tho impression of tho coarse threads plainly visible on tho plaster. Two large clam shells are fastened with loops of ribbon, one on each of the upper cor liers; six smaller ones, three on each side, aranged along tho lower edge of The days have gun never to return, win pected to be frowsy.» but knowing that Lu an agreeable surprise opened forme to Ella Wheeler Wilcox’s home. A dainty little vision < f a pretty figure in a white cashmere and satin gown, trimmed with . wans’ down and a soft pink ribbon, with opt mangel sic ws that revealed dimpled round arms more perfect than a statue, because iii addition to the r I), ality they were of the loving, caressing kind. And the face! Sweet, loving, mobile and secretive, with Ix-auriful eyes, classic outlines, delicate coloring and crowned by brouze .r, ,]d hair. A few handsome rings, a 'me, delicate bract let, and a small flow r [tin at her threat, and little white hi I lippers on her arched feet. That is how Ella Wheeler Wilcox, the representative American poet, look* when in rep. -, but when she talks it is impossible to chase the pretty little smiles, dimples and expressions that flash over her mobile face, but the prevailing look is that of deep and abiding tenderness and an anicut, earnest nature. Happily married to an adoring husband whom she proudly proclaims the handsomest man in the world, it is no wonder that she bubbles over with haploid love, or that she has matte ref inn* a perfect lit th* paradise of beauty, or that her very fullness of jov causes her to look about In r for weak and sad ones to help and befriend,. Her closest friends know how much she does and how many she aids, and what a precious privilege it is for her t * d" for others.    L.    (    R. One Thing th*- Girl. G.ui l>o. One tiling the girls can do if tin- boarding In nix* keepers draw the line against them. Tin y can rent neat Iittl • fiats aud go to keeping house in the dainty, aesthetic way that women understand so well. Women an* learning the first lesson cif life, to associate together without quarreling, and that is a great gain. There is scarcely a friendship in life so true and tender as that between two women who have roughed it in the world together for several years. Iowa’s Girl Notary. Iowa now has a fair girl public notary, Helen Louise Bun-. For four years .she has been assistant court reporter at Cedar Rapids, and in the difficult field of technical law reporting she has won so honorable a place that the judge commenda her work highly. .Patents t<i Vi oiik-ii. Three thousand patents have been granted to women since the establishment of th*- United States patent office. Some of til se arc of considerable importance. The hollow brick f..r flites and partition walls is r.he in v.aition of a woman. _______ Til*- N»-w Di*t*ov»*ry. You have ln-artl your friend?, and neighbors talking about it. You may yourself be on** of th** many who know from personal experience just how good a thing it is. If you have ever tried it, you ar** one of it- staunch friends, because the wonderful thing about it is, that when once given a trial, Dr. King s Now' Discovery ever after holds a plat** in the house. If you have never used it and should be afflicted with a cough, cold or any Throat, Lung or Chest trouble, secure a bottle at once and give it a fair trial. It is guaranteed every time, or money refunded. Trial buttles Free at Henry’s drug store. HOW THE I Before the dive: there are* blessings priests and s orc ere sharks aud bring cantate-us are of for. The breath sta so that operations ti break. Tile divers I merits for compressin l>eeswax to stop the ars. Each one bol l between his feet ti Leaping fr un the b ■ neath til'* waves, th I - ere Y,-’n    *    thor ii VERS WORK, rs begin their work and magic spi lls from rs t» drive away the good luck. These in course roundly paid rt out late at night may ixjgin at day i have small rostra n<-strils and res in thi-ir xrk of stone snt I tv, hr iv as I rise he to his Divf over a mi nu ti f av re alinit t ti* in Unintelligent Money An article Homilist says: The season is will need ti* bx* i hways. The: rovement in ti ast t wen tv year ll pen Mi tun- of Time and Sot at All Cnuutal. The I there U re im f in If mer* w fully realize the a ads. If the farmers the highway- a g>x*I d o understand the gre hard roads fr* sri ring over vt ♦ads at any s< tainly would lx* m mdv<*s for this object. V v ry loose way of lookin; chs prevails in many towns •ti U,ngrega- at hand when repairs tad** on the roads ami a has been great irate d:r< rte ut during the dder states, but ('• miparatively antage of good Ic* have to ase :“a1 could Is.; made at gain in having mid in winter and •V could haul full the year they C“r-readv to tax them- from r ieh th-.son of ire* after the Men are hosen, or ap; sots who are ition. The f such men i a. In some many miles o inted, highway supervi-not at all fitted fur the porn ire y [>ut into th*- hands not economically expend-t iwns, where there- are roads and the anpropria- ion small, lilt I* more is done than to th * gutters and pick off the he spring, and then leave all her year, when the process is In some cas*-s the loam is from th'* sides of the road, the traveling worse every v,. plow I roes until aunt! repeated, thrown in only to rnak time it rains. The great fault with try towns is tha* the, built pr re -cly. In many ca >am has n- t Ie-en taken off, as.--, no gravel has been carl cads « annot, in the nature-v t Is-go* I until they an t Cl .Sts a gt *4 ti ii p ■ mak' rlv, but in manv ta- * it ii 111., in ib» ten- knn to hay - difficult * lot: I WH ti*. ant' : In st*: av* whir ther • can be r Xxi roads. Is rn ■. *: g a . taken out to re or two I '* t. aft a fo* 4 or mort- < in over the wk ith drains ol ater: then fin thre that rn * inch-may ie bt oad .-n-iv ta repairs. I pie come t. crtwl vivid, tray b d i; home full No mon--y go further tem than ti in g and nu rn coun-e not been -s even tho and in some rd on. Such f the case, made over. a rt >ad prop-laore profit-it =o made. to get good ft r r* t i building, but tenty i if g.x .d material * v f‘ r not haring ad all loam should bo pill of a f *t aul a half which there should bo qu o Lire • Ft' n-* put • of th ■ dug out space, -terre to carry off the store - to within two or r'-quired, and I with fine crashed gravel. lust a great many od conditi n at all Such rn'ids are ex-but will re [aire few r th Anre rh ran peo-tte and team to build • r. Those who have d r countries corno rte 5 of the roads, spent and none will t wit a g - I reputa-11 - us* ti in constructer good roads. I v a: bet Gc des; od i ba >a<Ls ar As and bad re: and early re are almost i KG- or..I tm NOX?. *oo(l anti I5u<i Iload**. U rseflesh and vehi-1 : te e ;r • ret both. Good re;.-.-; •[    :■    in this country r th rub*. In tire winter 3 cf our country re irare. ■ -retell • .wing b > the soft, ar I d roger're.s c redit: n of the Av -rdit.g to th-re -ct at exami-was • -timated rs- - can draw on re •• rte’. - will r pair-- on smooth, re-'teal: rad on** and two-thirds . rn I id Ii. ted rn pavement, three no-eighth te r>-re on good cobbler-red. ti. rte. n: on ordinary earth I on sand. forty tear on horses ■ se- n to be great aid t and plunging - divers reach ran about swiftly j vvith oysters as ([nick reside. When on** is ready to gives a signal and is drawn bac )< at by a rope*, rs cann t remain in the water minute* en tilt- average, while two taxes the rn >st expert. A very re have st y, I under f> mr or five ■s have won great reputations for xtraordinary endurance, occupation is injurious to tho it requires a tremendous exertion. Divers ar*? short ct t > vari . - di ■ cst - and known to expire suddenly reg the surface of the water, iarity of pearls is that, un- the matter i which cree level iron r level hor-. aud < fctOIK? _______________ road, t wen tv 11    ; hors* .. Tire* vvrerer an i and vehicles will thus b on p*xir r* ads. The i pre-re! re c m s to every farmer, and in fact Jo every one who fives in tire* rural districts. G . id roads should Tx' obtain* I by jill rn* .ms. and there is no better way than to liar ■ the matter discussed at the farmers’ clubs. Enough money ut I labor ar** annually spent on tire* highways of m re of « nr states to produce go* not yet >hi been exerci labor and rn the most in the result does to f heft oh I re v that pre d judgment has ■I in expending the time, y. This th re s •< ms to bo rf.ant quretion for fanners Alioth I; lid 'III drained with tile r quo-te u to decide whether certain road •rice drained or under-Some roads can be ri ’sing them or of iT>j* en iris gems, they are liable ive ready a valuable pearl cern-to (ie attacked with * and crumbles into dust. to have !xx*n the fate of n ii fie -nt six cimen ever lr ex • Th** . health, amount lived, s have Ix upon rent‘hi One pecul lite - other [Mvci to decay. Gee •flanges color. a deadly diseas Such is repute; the most ma known. Passing through successive hands it finally became the property of a Russian merchant and found a possessor who knew its immense value and prized it accordingly. He kept it carefully in a secluded room of his magnificent mansion, apart from all other of his treasures. It was the wonder and admiration of his favored friends who were permitted It* look at it. The merchant finally beearn* • involved in a political conspiracy aud fled to Paris, taking his ane great treasure with him. He kept it hidden for a time, but at lu.-4 consented to show it to some distinguished lovers of precious stone**. But when lie opened the c«vk :t Ire* fell back in dismay and staggered as though stricken with death. The gem had begun to change color. A fatal disease had attacked it. It was soon a worthless heap of white powder and tire* once wealthy rr recant was a pauper.—Galveston Nev/ Dinners in th*? U.iJTVI Tower. < Hie of the freaks of fashion in Paris is to give dinners in the Eiffel tower. Saturday tire* Prince and PrincessRadzi-vill entertained there the Due an I Ditches.de Dondeauville, tho Comte and Comtesse de Talleyrand, and the prince and Princess de Cystria. Comte de S.reteach and others. A lift was hired foi the everting for the exclusive use of the party and adorned inside with flowers and elegant draperies. Four powdered valets were in attendance at the entrance. Tire* table was profusely decorated witb carnations and no other Sowers.—London News. A chimney bas been designed for the Royal Smelting works of Saxony, Germany. by Herr Heneicke, that is to be 460 feet high. with an inside diameter of 23 feet at the base and lo feet 6 inches fit tho outlet. The works will be connected with the chimney by a horizontal flue 1.093 yards in length, which crosses thy river Mrelda aud takes an upward greatly improved by Un cutting off curve- and windings. A gfe it .leal i f uni;-rec- re v wear to horses and vehicles would thus be saved by attending to the roads in tim**.—Practical Farmer. Ro:ul Improvement Not*-. I roads is a mark of ml and the desire is retire country. -timated that farrn-• >n hay alone owing ring with marketing The d* sire for go advancing civil’zn; extending over t Clin one -tat** it te ors lose sL5?j0.()0O to bad roads int*ate the crops. If the system * item «ii re pursuit! with economy t of trarest years ti roads w half. Im i in increase farms v mized r while th Mila tx* re t vement of th-* value ti and rain ere a 4 was making were • I skill in ten aition over our a ore than one- tui >f I hit ut - Always will th** value of newly macada-81.50 jx-r acre, than $1 IHT acre. With are intelligent plan and purpose the cost of macadam; zing a short portion of the main roads of a town each year would not Ire as great as the cost of maintaining the extra teams which bad roads compel farmers and teamsters to maintain.- L. A. W. Hand Book. Highway luiprovt-iut-tits. * Charles II. Peckham, president of the Rhode Island Domestic Industry society, thus express;'- himself: “As to the matter of highway improvements. I think it i- of til.* greatest importance* to the prosperity of our agricultural communities that some change be made in their care. At present in some parts of our state there i; a gradual shrinkage in the value of our farming property, owing, in my opinion, to tho want cf better highway communication.” Th** Fir**t Step. iVrhap- you an run down, can’t oat, can't sloop, can’t think, can’t do anything t*> your satisfaction, and you wonder what aite you. You should heed tho warning, you ar** taking tire* first step into Nervous prostration. You need a Nerve Tonic and in Electric Bitters you will find the exact remedy for restoring your nervous system to its normal, healthy condition. Surprising results follow th** use of this great Nerve Tonic and Alternative. Your appetite returns. Stood digestion i- restored, and the Liver and Kidneys resume healthy action. Try a bottle. Brice 50e at Geo. C. Henry’s. Harvest Excursion Tiekets vin C., IL <j. R. R. to points north, south and west on sale Sept. 9 and 23 and Oct. 14 good for return 30 days from date of sale. ;

Clippings and Obituaries for the Burlington Hawk Eye