Page 3 of 16 May 1878 Issue of Brownstown Banner in Brownstown, Indiana

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Brownstown Banner (Newspaper) - May 16, 1878, Brownstown, Indiana Topics Fob Farmers Gra e following Brief practical and condensed rules for the management of grapes were Given by or. Whiting at the Farmers Institute recently held at Saginaw Michigan the soil Best suited for the grape is a composing shale but any Good Clay soil thoroughly drained will do. The ground should be carefully prepared and Only Well rotted manure tired. Decomposing turf is one of the Best when it can be obtained no other will be required. The vines selected for planting should be Good one year old layers or cuttings. Thev May look Small but will make the Best vines. Goo l culture is As necessary to the Vine As to Corn or cabbage. Mulching and watering the first year should not he neglected if drought is excessive. One Good soaking is better than Nany sprinkling. More water can be saved with a Hoe than can be put on with a Sprinkle for. In i Ian ting Cut the vines Back to two buds whatever its strength or age. Summer pruning consists in pinching off weak and straggling shoots in order to confine the sap to the main branches. The first summer allow but one main shoot quot of Grov. In the fall after the first Frost it ill the summer growth Back to within two buds of the ground. The second year confine the sap to two branches and in the fall Cut Back to three buds each. The third year if your Vine has made Vigour us growt i a few stems of grapes May be allowed to mature but better take off All the fruit than to suffer too much to grow. Too heavy bearing while Young ill a weaken the vines for All future time. The trimming now depends on what kind of trellis you wish to cover. After you have obtained a Good vigorous Root quot you can make it grow in almost any place quot or shape you wish by keeping the branches desired tied up and All the others pinched Back. Each year a few of the strongest branches should be allowed to grow As bearers of fruit the following year. In trimming Cut away As much of the old Wood As possible and save the new As All the fruit buds Are on the new it is claimed that the Sweet gum Liquidambar Styrax Ijima so plentiful in All Southern forests and swamps is even a better destroyer of malaria than the eucalyptus globules. It exudes a sweeter Balsamic odor and has also the additional advantage of being a native tree of rapid growth while the gum it supplies has a marketable value. Mulch is placed about plants to prevent the Sun from evaporating the moisture. In Many cases it takes the place of cultivation. No doubt if it were not for the expense and trouble it would be More extensively used about herbaceous plants. We have found in our trying climate that a Fine mulch of manure completely covering the ground is an excellent thing for bedding plants. Indian pudding two quarts milk one cup meal one half cup flour two heaping spoonfuls sugar one Teaspoon Ful Salt one Nutmeg one teaspoonful butter. Heat the milk boiling hot remove from the fire and add one half cup cold milk stir in them a and the other ingredients and bake in a slow oven three and one half hours. Raisins or Sweet apples sliced thin May be added to the articles named but it is a very Good pudding without. The secret of making this pudding lies in having the milk precisely the right temperature if too hot the pudding will not quot whey out quot properly if too cold the meal will not Settle at the Bottom. Soft Gingerbread i. Dip up shake off lightly six even cups of flour put in a pan and add one tablespoonful Sal Eratus two of Ginger one cup butter two cups molasses and two of Good Buttermilk let the butter be soft enough to mix easily with the other ingredients but not melted stir All together enough to mix and bake immediately in two tins about eight by twelve inches Square. If the oven is right Twenty minutes will bake them. Ii. Stir two teaspoonfuls of soda and one tablespoonful of Ginger into one cup of Good new Orleans molasses and let it stand until it foams up Well then add one third cup of butter and one cup warm water in which one teaspoonful of Cream tartar has been dissolved add two and one half cups of flour and bake. Save your Beefsteak and roast beef Bones cover with hot water and let them boil slowly All Day if the water boils away add More boiling water you from i ,,,piece., with the Bones at night Strain and set the trellis and imagine a Branch with three stems of grapes for each Bud. If you do not Cut off enough in the fall and you find that the Vine is going to be too quot thick Don t fail to attend to it when the new shoots Are from three to six inches Long in the Skrinar or while in Blosson. As soon As the fruit is set examine the Vine spread out the new Tood so that each Bunch of grapes will hang free and Clear pick of All the smal Sterns of fruit and fasten the Vine securely so that the wind will not destroy your crop by breaking the Young and tender branches. In a Cool place. An hour before dinner the next Day remove the fat from the surface add a Small onion sliced Fine a Pinch of thyme Salt and Nepper and let Joil half an hour then add two Sticks of Maccaroni and boil till done. Leave out the Maccaroni add Vermicelli which requires Only ten minutes for cooking and you have an ther soup put in stewed tomatoes a few spoonfuls with half a teaspoonful of sugar and you have another soup. Sometimes the soup will be a iello. When cold. Do not add water woo has grown so that i to it will melt. Beyond the last Thero Are three leaves Bunc h of grapes examine the Vine select the branches you wish to save for fruit bearing the coming year and keep them tied up until they have grown As Long As you wish to make use of. The ends of the other bearing branches should be pinched off As soon As they reach this Point quot three leaves beyond the last Stem of grapes quot Bieak off All shoots and fast As they make their appearance but on no account injure the leaves on the bearing canes. Tie fruit will color but not Ripen if the leaves Are destroyed. G rapes for fall and Winter Tise should be picked As soon As Ripe and when perfectly dry packed in Fine sawdust. Select your quot Box or Jar cover the Bottom the domestication of aug Nils. Donjon professor Rolleston on thursday evening gave a lecture at the London institution on the history of some of our domesticated in introducing the subject he dwelt on the civilization of the human race in connection with the domestication of animals laterals As i showing How civilization advanced with the development of domestication. It j is difficult to conceive How Man could have made any Progress in civilization j till he had beasts of Burden and trained i animals to help him in Hunting. As an illustration of the evolution of domestication the substitution was mentioned of the horse for the of for the beast of Burden As it was gradually found that sawdust alternately until full. Keep them in the coolest place you can find free from Frost until wanted for use. Items for Field and House. Buy nothing abroad that can be produced at Home. The Farmer near a Market is always enriching his land. Farm labourers get largest wages in manufacturing states. Be asperity is measured not by exports but by Home consumption. take one Pound of sugar a three quarters of a pint of water and set Over a slow fire when done add of and a half tablespoonfuls of butter and Lemon juice to flavor. lemonade powdered tartaric acid one ounce powdered sugar six ounces essence of Lemon one dram let it dry thoroughly in the Sun rub together and Divide in Twenty four papers. One makes a Glass of Good Sweet lemonade. Any Farmer that has a Small Pond or Lake on his farm or a never failing up ing so situated that by damming up j thai Gully or hollow below it a Pond can be formed May make an acre or two thus located the most profitable part of his premises by stocking the water with fish. For biscuit one pint of flour one teaspoonful of Cream tartar one tablespoonful of lard a Little Salt rub Well together stir in a cup of milk in which his been dissolved one half teaspoonful of Socia Roll quite thin cutout with tin biscuit rings and bake in a hot oven. When the land is of even texture and and moderately Loose it May be considered that a tile Drain will Drain ten feet of land for every foot in depth that it is Laid. So if the drains be Laid three and a half feet deep they should be put thirty five feet apart. If the land is st Iff the distance must be anecdotes. Prominent among the nuisances inflicted upon the congressmen Are the albums to which they Are requested to sign their names. Occasionally an Appeal is made for something More than a Mere signature and a Western member who was annoyed by this request wrote quot i am in favor of a Law banishing to Alaska any one who bores people by asking them to write in an years ago the wife of a representative from Maine had an album on which she prided herself and she was especially proud of a Page bearing the signatures of Webster and Everett. Handing it to David Crockett then a member of the Heuse with a request that he would write something More than his signature he returned it the next Day with the following written Between the names of Webster and Everett. It is copied verbatim mrs. Of main requests the Hunter from the West to write his name in her album quot her curiosity shall be gratified by a sentiment wishing helth and happiness and a Safe arrival at her residence with her family and friends. Quot David or. Jefferson Davis was noted for his kindness in writing poetical extracts in albums and he was by the Way the most Brilliant conversationalist that has Ever been in Washington. Thin wiry Sharp visage self possessed and dyspeptic with a voice very gentle and modulated and address very pliable and courteous the great secessionist could rattle Forth Chat like bullets from a Gatling gun and every epigram from his thin lips was fatal to the reputation of a lifetime. Never was the rapier of polished wit More dazzling or More mortal in its exercise. Daniel Webster was a Good talker and some of his sayings have been handed Down As worthy of Rembrance. Senator Ewing the father of mrs. Sherman and of the present congressman from Lancaster Ohio once said in addressing the Senate on the ruin and misery brought upon the country by Jackson s order removing the deposits from the United states Bank that the turnpikes in Ohio were growing up with grass and the canal was a Solitude. was afterwards known As Tom Solitude Ewing. One Day Webster who had been out drinking with a party of friends entered the old Senate chamber and seeing Ewing sitting apart looking very glum stepped in front of him and quoted the following lines from cow per s poem on Alexander Selkirk quot of Solitude where Are the Pharras which Hages have seen in thy face quot on an other occasion or. Webster when visiting the old Hall of the House of representatives had his attention called to the remarkable Echo which re-1 seated audibly everything that was said from certain places on the floor. was told that this had the Good effect of preventing certain members whose seats were in those parts of the House from speaking and one was mentioned especially who otherwise would have grumbled Over every appropriation. Or. Webster wrote on an envelope with sawdust then layers of grapes and i it was More profitable to keep the of in quot a Good condition for food. The domestication of Birds appears from what evidence we have to have commenced Long subsequently to that of the animals. The study of the remains of domesticated animals found with the remains of human occupancies often contributes to a knowledge of the origin of the people. For example the Goat remains found in the Lake dwellings Point to the people having come from a warmer District and having taken that useful milk producer with them. We have no record no tradition even As to who first attempted domestication but there is professor Rolleston thinks sufficient reason for believing that the dog was the first animal to amp domesticated the pig the second and the of the third. Th3 methods for elucidating the history of domestication Are for times the study of the remains of pile dwellings and other living places burial places and peat mosses. The stalls sties kennels stables and gardens of today Supply knowledge of some of the effects of training. Coins and monuments Supply useful historic evidence but the absence of representations of animals from those of any particular period must not be taken to imply they were not familiarly known. In considering the evolution of the domestication of the dog it seems probable that As men used Pitfalls for the capture of animals for food and these pits would contain remnants attractive to dogs the dogs would soon be attached to the pits would have an interest in their being Well supplied and would join with men in driving animals and thus a common interest caused a Mutual attachment. In the concluding portion of the lecture the effects of kindness in training were referred to and kindness to All animals advocated. Old growling p with All his knowledge of protoplasm and the rudimentary processes of nature professor Huxley is obliged to abandon philosophy and scratch around for warm ashes whenever the Toothache pierces the basilar formation of his molars. From Tennessee says very Little in the meeting simply because twixt you Ami me his speeches will not Bear repeating the theory of the Minneapolis explosion. St. Rail i ion Oor probably the most Complete and satisfactory theory regarding it is that of professor Macadam of Edinburgh. This combines the two popular ideas that of an impalpable dust floating in the air in which Case the apparent explosion is in reality an extremely rapid combustion and that of a Gas generated in some mysterious Way in the flour manufacture. Professor Macadam s theory is that the impalpable Mill dust with its Hydro Carbon constituents of starch and gluten upon exposure to fire or heat undergoes combustion similar to that of Gunpowder in which is developed expansive and inflammable gases which at the same moment exert a tremendously impulsive Force and communicate to surrounding objects a devouring flame which is instantaneously coextensive with the dust Laden atmosphere. No disaster Ever sustained this theory so completely As that at Minneapolis. All stories agree As to the rapidity with which the flames advanced. Or. Day says he was thrown into a ditch and when he Rose the Washburn Mill was gone and the ruins and elevator were a mass of flame. An eyewitness across the River gives the following sequence of events a dazzling Flash a thunderous explosion the instantaneous disappearance of the Mill and the Flash of the flames Over the elevator. There was no slow creeping of the fire. In a single instant it leaped from the unknown source of the explosion the spark of fire watchman s an Tern or superheated Stone or bearings in the heart of the Washburn Mill not Only to every Corner of that Structure but beyond it so far As to include the elevator and a moment later the adjoining Mills. The entire atmosphere within a Region Large enough to include All of the destroyed structures must have been for a moment a solid mass of flame. This is Only possible upon the Assumption that it was filled within and without the Mills in every Nook and Corner of the buildings and for hundreds of feet beyond on every Side with just such an impalpable dust combustible and Gas bearing inflammable and explosive As is described by professor Macadam. This theory May be regarded As demonstrated by the latest horror which is the occasion of its and morsel of the Sioux. A correspondent of Flie Chicago times says i have made diligent inquiries regarding the social and tribal Laws governing the Ogallala Sioux and have elicited the following which though not so terribly strict is nevertheless More than enough to govern quot be gentle Savage quot in his own Home when administered through the Channel of Indian Justice. I mention first the crime of stealing. No doubt when i say this crime is considered a virtue instead of a crime the Reader will laugh incredulously but yet tis True quot to steal and not be found out quot but to be caught in the act or to be found in Possession of the stolen property is a disgrace and it is the privilege of the squaws to taunt and tease him who exercise this privilege to the fullest extent and to be ridiculed by a Squaw is the worst degradation that can be inflicted Coni sequently he very Seldom steals. Should he be caught in the act three or four times he would be shunned by All the warriors and made a Squaw Man. is then disgraced forever being debarred from All Warrior proceedings whatsoever which disgrace to an Indian is worse than death and Many prefer death to that punishment and kill themselves. When a Warrior or Young Man is made a Squaw Man the head men of the tribe take his gun Bow and arrows ponies All his War apparel in fact everything and in turn they Are Given to the parties whom he has stolen from and the destitute widows and orphans of fallen braves and the thief is turned Over to the mercy of the band. But should he be a successful thief outside of his own band then he is praised for his sagacity and the More he steals the higher he gets. Should he luckily happen to be a Brave Indian and an accomplished thief combined then he is away up on the Brave list and no expedition is fitted up but he is invited to be one of the party very often As its Leader. This kind of an individual is a terror to the Squaw Man As he invariably taunts him when and wherever he meets him. There is but one Squaw Man in the whole of red Cloud s band. I have personally seen him and his life i a hell on Earth. has to do everything that no other Indian would do and never receives a kind word unless it be from some kind hearted missionary. I tried to find out what he i had done but could not As there Are several ways to reduce an Indian to that j position and no amount of inquiry will make them disclose the facts to outside parties and As the last Indian i asked said quot Heap talk too much quot i gently took the hint. To act the Coward in Battle to disobey an order from the chief where there is any danger to try to skulk or get out of any dangerous undertaking when detailed for it go to make the Indian Squaw Man. Fighting among themselves is almost unknown. During my experience i have never seen one Indian wishing to fight another of his own band though i have been told that occasionally there is such a Case. Should two indians commence to fight and another Indian step Between them or put a stick or pipe Between them they would have to desist or run the Chance of being killed As they certainly would be did they not desist when called on. Premeditated murder among themselves is looked on As one of the impossibilities. There is not an Indian in the band that can Call to mind any instance of such a Case. There Are some instances where the peace men cannot keep Down a fight Between two indians who have some Fine Point of Indian Honor to Settle. The Lead men then make them go of and Settle the affair with knives when one or both Are invariably killed. Should one come off Safe he would on some dark night take All of his ponies and tie them in front of the Tepee of the deceased which would go a great ways to assuage the grief of the relatives. Sometimes the gift would Only be four or five ponies according to the rank of the deceased. Any dispute that May arise is invariably settled by the older men of the tribe and their verdict forever settles the dispute. Hospitality among the Sioux is great indeed and would put to shame some of their paleface Brethren. Poor though it be tis Given cheerfully and you receive a perfect Welcome. For an Indian to Send a hungry Man from his Tepee be he a prisoner Friend or enemy is an insult to his tribe. It would require a separate letter to give All the different forms of marriage in Days gone by but now they resort to the missionary and have adopted the ways of the Whites and they seem to think it the Best Way and try to imitate their White Sisters and Brothers to the Best of their ability. An Indian will always avenge any personal wrong done him even should it Ead to his death and their memory of a wrong done them lasts for life but by the kind actions of a humane government and Good example of the missionaries schoolmasters etc., i Hope there will be a great change. Civilization will do it in for the fair. Holland discounts the american Congress. It has ten thousand windmills. An English Nobleman who had resided two years in Paris took lessons in French from a celebrated professor of the language. made very Little Progress. On going to say Good Bye to his Tutor he asked him if he could do him any service in England. Quot of quot replied the teacher quot the Only favor i have to ask is that you will not mention that you have been my Candor is a virtue in Small danger of being cheapened by Over cultivation but the Young Man who bares his heart on the face of a postal card will Drain the bitter cup of disappointment if he expects to marry his first love. A a it a Little boy s first pair of browsers always fit if the pockets Arl deep enough. It is a fact that egyptian women seem old at Twenty and very old at thirty. They often marry at twelve and thirteen years of age. Do Rinc the past Winter a new Hampshire woman has tit and piled Twenty three a quot ads of Wood. She wishes to be known by her a. Woman s extravagance in dress is not always a thing to be Blower and scolded and preached against. It is said to be slowly but surely breaking up mormon ism. A Young lady was undecided whether to accept the addresses of James or John. James gave her a Sealskin Jacque and she immediately gave the sack to John. It is said that seven eighths of the Art students in Boston Are women and that As they Are not eligible in the Art club it is the intention to organize a woman s Art club association. Theophrastus a he is dead now called quot a silent and yet there is not one Man in a thousand who does t love to see a great Deal of quot silent cheat quot in a woman. The Queen of the belgians is one of the Best lady whips in the world and As fond of horses As her sister in a the Empress of Austria. She guides her Pony four in hand about the Steep streets of her capital. A Kansas school a am has introduced anew feature in her school. When one of the girls misses a Wod the boy who spells it gets permission to kiss her. As a result the girls Are becoming very poor spellers while the boys Are improving. Children s dress Coats of Fine Muslin Are worn Over Light Blue or Pink silk they have narrow flounces of needlework headed by insertion the insertions Are set up the front with bows of narrow ribbon. Little Caps Are made to match with rosettes of fringed silk. A London lady spent $500 in one year for cosmetics to improve her complexion and now offers twice that amount to have her old complexion restored. Red is red whether it covers the nose or colors the sky and any fooling around can t improve press. Several of the Spring wraps shown at the big stores Are in Fine Camel s hair in Biche and Mastic shades they either tie in front or Cut in a circular shape and tie with bows of ribbon they have one seam in the Back and Are simply trimmed with fringe of the same color. In Merrimac n. H., quot two female tramps entered a House while the family were out and without ceremony went into the Best room and went to bed. The first that the family knew of this was in the morning when the two women got up dressed entered the dining room and demanded some one married of course remarks on the strangeness of the fact that while a woman takes to it intuitively very few men have the slightest idea How to hold a baby. Quite True and it is even More extraordinary when you come to think about it that even fewer men Ever want to learn. Small buttons Are used in preference to Large ones the mosaic inlaid Pearl French Horn inlaid with Pearl Rose Pearl engraved and vegetable Ivory in different colors Are All Small in size there is also a great rage for Small Gilt buttons. These Are All to be found at the leading trimming stores. The Lewiston me journal says an old maid recently died at Farmington named Pamelia Bradbury who had been in the habit of carrying about with her while doing housework Copper Nickel Silver and Gold coins weighing seventy pounds a Large proportion of the coins being the cheapest and heaviest. Octave Feuillet says quot Providence has so ordained it that Only two women have a True interest in the happiness of a Many his own Mether and the Mother of his children. Besides those two legitimate kinds of love there is nothing Between the two creatures except vain excitement painful and Idle Hek that loves a Rosy Cheeke or a Torau lip admires or from Star like eyes doth Seeke Fuell to maintain his fires As old time makes these decay so his flames must waste away. But a smooth and steadfast mind. Gentle thoughts and Calm desires hearts with equal love combined kindle never dying fires where they Are not i despise Lovely Cheeks or lips or Tea. A Thomas Carew. Two tramps a Man and his wife were taken to the station in Manchester n. H., and from the woman s pocket were taken a three quart bottle a pint dipper three spoons a knife a Beer bottle a razor packages of Tea Coffee Salt and sugar a lot of bread soap wire and articles of wardrobe nearly half a Bushel in All. The London world whispers very loud a word of protest in the ear of English fashion against a new Way that englishwoman of the world Are falling into recognizing a gentleman by giving a pert nod with the head instead of a slight Bow with the head and shoulders. It appears that the Princess of Wales has led the fair subjects of her husband s Mother into this slovenly habit without intending so to do by a Little trick she has of thus recognizing intimate friends whom she has seen once or twice before in the Day. The practice we Are sorry to say is not unknown in new York. It certainly is As our English namesake says both quot mannish and inelegant quot altogether intolerable and not to be endured. Women who fall into it will have them. Ives alone to thank if it leads to their being nodded at in the same half impertinent fashion by men. It is not so Many years age that no gentleman would have dreamed of saluting a male acquaintance in this Slapdash and careless fashion

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