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British Press (Newspaper) - November 10, 1820, London, Middlesex NcM��ft 5595. LONi)ON. FRIDAY, NCK^ti^fifi 10, 1820. Pmce 7d. T T' 10-M0RRcW, SATURdaVi- Nov; ] 1, tlia M^e�lyVSer�ant� WMtperlbrm THE jBEGGAR*S b . , � , 'Wiih anajlilitionalScW..; Caplain Naclieatbi Madanie Vralfit v Pfticiinm', Mr'.'aTuh--. den; IwOckii, Mr.:Q�lie; Filch, Mr.'KnigljX.cMrB.Peacbum,'-Mrs. Harlowe;: Eolly, MiiTB- IWey (herSJ appearance in tUat cliarnctei'); Euey, Mi�� K�lly." ' lii.Acl II. will be;- ii>lvodace�l..�; Bi*>lldj being nearly a: f iitl!irul.�\eprfseiilolioa^pf llwinojei celebralei Alary-ie'bonc Garid^ns Were illuminated oi'i'aiicl! pccasiuna. -' After wi)ic1r,-ChoruSj � Daiir3t^sheMilhtilioi.yc%l!4^ _ � Act V__Sbrig, � To bdwenr onaorel;" PocmB,-SoBJSf, " Bid me discDurscVenui.and AdoDiB.-Finale,�' When A that I was ;" Twelfth IS igbt. ,, ' Id Act iV,.will be introduced Shakspeare'a Grand Masque of -JUNO AND CEitES. Jii'no,~M'r!i.;T.-Rill; Ceres, Miss Beaumont; Iris, Miss Rodsn; Naiad, "Miss. E. Dennett; ^a Nymphs,. Mesds. Twamlev, -Louis, Chipp, and Sbotter; .Fauns, Messrs. Vedy, Guuriet, Grant, aud Heath; ind Shepherd, Mr: Collet. After which,, the popular Farce of A ROLAND FOR AN OLIVER. Sir MarRCIiase,' Mr. Fawcett; Alfred Uighilyer, Mr. Joues.; Selborpej.Mrl Abbott ;� Fixtore,:Mr. Eonery; Gamei keeper,,Mr. Comer. - Mrs. Selbprne,. M>as E^".T'>ttfederacyj with the Ballet of Zephyr el Flore.- - � On Tuesday, a new HisioricalTragedyj in five acts, called Wallace.-; ^ OLYMPIC THEATRE, NEWCASTLESTREETi STRAND, rilHIS EYENING, EKIDAY, November 10, WL will beacted,3d lime, a n^w Musical Drama, called THE HIGH ROAU TO MARRIAGE; 'on,:; LOVE IN FULL GALLOP.. ' The .principal .Characters by Mr- Rpyvboiham, Mr. G* Smith, Mr.Vaie,;Mr.Oiberry,Mr^ Herriiig, Mr. Heiiileraon, ' Mr. HowardiMr.Cogan, Mrs; VV. S. Cbatterley, Miss llealey Mrs. Brooka,apd ,liis�.Wilban>, . After ttbirh, THE DIAMOND AitROW. 'Tlie principal .Characters by'Mr.-Howard, Mr. Row-ibotliam,and Mi.sB Withsim. , ,.. ^,  . � �'To'conclude with, 9tb time,' - GREY. THE COLLI Ell. The. principal; JGbaraclero.-by Mr.Gb^ Snutb,^r.'-Rowefure Seven precisely. Halfijuicc at Hairpast Eight. , : must rxteniiive iiis/uirapiit of llie above articles. .Waftfrs, fi'orti Sd; ciiclt.vkpwArils; Trayi> Is. (Sd-V'SOO^'pair plated C3iid{esiid(�4:Wi22s;;ivrilb � large, as�irimM>t.of. Turile-Bliell Tea-caddirB, .iw.ilh .It.rKes, &c. tffl iprVes "io r^sOuableWk i�ili"make it well ' 'W4>rtb!ilM: BlteBtiau-of-perBoasvJ'n.pll'parta of-ibe' biag;doin ' to jwricbaBeof I,his.conr,erii. . ^ ' N.B,-A'large'assortment of tiidia Riibbcrii, at li.,P;:,;; i? TbiB day is published, price Ss. bound in red leather, � new and improved Ediliou of IT^N.riCK'S .SPELLING DICTIONARY i4;=of ille ENGLISH LANGUAtjE; in which the Parts of Sp'eictf arc accurately drstingnished, nod the Syllables laccenteU according to the-just and" natural pronnnctation of each-, word. A new Edition, t'Carefully revised, corrected, 'and improved. By THOMAS BROWNE, LL.D. �Aulhor of "The Union and ClasBical Dictionaries," &c. &� � Printed for J. Mawman; F. C.andJ; Rivinglon; J. Nulin ; Cadell and Davies; Longman, HursI, Rees, Urroe, and ' Brfawn ; Scatchcrd and Le.tlernian; A. K. Newman and Co.; .'Jobn'Ritifaardson; J. and W. T. Clarke; Harvey and pWr-.tOQ; J. M.Richardson ;^ X.Olridgf; J. Booker; LackingtQn 'and Co.;'J. aotb; R.' S. Kirby; Baldwin, Cradock, and J*y:;. J.'-Aspenlt; Sherwood, Neely, and Jones ; G.and W.B. ; JVbiltater: and for WjUsfjn and Sons, Yorfci '�ill. ^Sjlat* ^ l^tetjp'begiflp,- containing Two Prires lif 2ll,HKffitetJoft�al�,-J'jrti*^^ 18,000i.'jgdnsob, added to Twp'of a,�0�J.^-^P^, niafcibg tog;eibeF F0UR:V.Prizes of .... �2(},10�r Consols and Mbiiey. First Teii ^linutes will decide TM'6 RlilZES OF �20,0()0. Tickets nniT'Shares are- Selling by BISH, Stock Broker, Sole Contractor, 4, Cornh'ill, and ^9, Cbariug-rlliward in LieI'de Bay, uud others. The firthest north our fishermen ever have sailed -to is Licfde Bay, and from thence in small boats as fur as Noriloster. Island. 2. Q. At what lime of the year does the winter commence.'-A. The winter generally sets in about the latter end of September and ^beginning of October, 3. Q. Is it ushered in by storms, and is any one wind particularly productive of them ?-A. The winter sometimes sets in with winds from the north, north north-wei't, and north-west; and sometimes commences with calm weaiher, .hard frosts accompanied with snow. � 4. Q. is the weather, generally speaking, calm in winter, or are the winds liigli ?-A. The winds are very high and frequent; so, tjiat two thir.ds of the winter inuy be suid to be boioterous. 5. Q. What quantity of snow do you suppose fal^.unnuully; that is, to what depth on the ground ?-A.- On even places the mow is from three pip fiye.fett diiep; l)ut the winds drive it from place to piMte, to as Sometimes to render all passage ini-pfuOti'cabre;"and oil 'the coasts between the hills there are biountains of ice, occasioned by the pressure of lift; waters and drift of snow. 6 'C^. Are .the storms of snow frequent, and (if long^dliralion ?-A. The �torins of snow are very I>eqiietit..c6niinniug for two, three, and fourdays, ' �imI .he � ctjid Ts iiiore'sfvere at Spitzbergen thau �t, Atcli-angffl'; 'but the degree is not kno'wn, iis the people �wji'ti^o-there have no thertnomele'rH.' '8. ;Qi Is. the. cold ever so intense us to render'gn. .iiig;,ibfoad ^dangerous }-i'A. The cold i''. i�e�e*. fev'rrjj'us to Jtinder the fislterniefl,.they Ijteiug uccus. loineii 4b ii',' from expojiing tlivmselyes; but suiue-timei'tlie'wiiidSMitd drifiii of suow i-utitiiie ttieiu to itlieif^Kuts.'v "�� ,,. 9,;'!^.,;A.4|Mii.l.tiiig;ij to be so, by w|iat �xerciae do stones,and with which tfiey geft^^y provide thfetfi-selvrs iii dufr time against wii(tSf;fbut_ sometimes, from neceasity, they are obligetl.t6.di;; through the snow font. Some of it tbey-��tv,withotit anypre-parHtion; and a part they seaUHwilh-water, and dink tlie liquid. They alsa;iSirry with tliem for the same purpose, as a pr^eveiitive, a raspberry, called in Russia moroshka, whtt;b they preserve by baking with rye floor, which>tt;hey eat; and when pressed, dripk the jiiice._^T1tey also take fir tops with tliein, which 'tfiey^l I and the water they drink as an ^:�ti�itfot^1ifewiii; against the scurvy, . " _ _ . ^''.'iy*'' ' 10. Q. in whafemnnuer af^;4|^^^ ed ?-^A. TheJmlslh^.peofile;]^^ with tham ijt their vessels, aK(|iiO|i i]i!Bir arrira^ |Hit.them together. TheyWeuJctMstrdcted^o thin boards, arid in the samfiigSfaiflilM^te*^ : hoiisesj here. Thw 1ifk?�i.�e geB^flVt^&e titickS' , with thetn tof^M^lifm0^me^^M^:l^S'A-'^e^^ jJall short, clay foiintf;therei�inmdft4ise.orin ilieir stead. Their largesf$ut,-which isereeted in the nughbourhood of dietf vessels^ boats, &c; is froin Iwenty-five'feet square, ahd "�eryes as a station and magijjnne; but those huts the men erect; who go in .quest of sk'ms are o.nly from seven to eiglil. feet square, and in the autumn are caMed along the shores in boats, and put up at distances from each otiiei* of ten'to fifty Russian versts. They take the uecessary provisions with them.for the whole winter to serve two or three men, as many generally occupying each hut. 11. Q. What fuel have they, and in what mariner are their huts heated ?i-^A. The fuel iioinmon-ly used for heating their huts is wood, which they likewise bring with them in their vessels, and land at Ihe station hut. In autumn llieiiecessary quantity for heating the aforesaid small huts Is conveyed in boats, or on- small hand'sledgesj to the destined places. They often ineet with wood there too, thrown by the sea on the sliores, 12. Q. Orr what kinds of provisions do the Russians subsist during the winter ?-A. The provisions they subsist o>i during^the; winter consist in rye flour (of which they' make bread), salt beef, salt cod, and salted halibut,; butler, .oat aad barley meal, curdled milk, peas, honey, linseed oil : all which they bring to Spitzbergen with them, and divide the same propor'tiiiDally by weight to each man. Their employers'a.llow them provisions for one year and a half, besides which ,the fisherm.en kill wild lion deer in winter, and birds in summer, which are experienced to be excellent food, and very healthy. 13. Q. Do they chiefly uie apirjiuous or malt liquors ?-A. .They chieflyj'dri^k .a Uq^or called nuof, made from rye flour .ami-Avater.. Malt and spirituous liquors are entirely 'excliided and forbidden by their employers^ tp prevent'dfunkenness, . a� |he Russians^ j^hieii tliey;fiad,^^y so immo- 'defately, thatwprkWas^J^eunea^cs^ ; 14. Q. When m the open 8ir,niow do they'i^^jfsnd themselves >-A. They defend themselves from the rigour of the weather by a .covering made of skin, above which they wear anolh^r ninde of tire skin of the rein deer, called kiithyi and wear boots of the same. 15. Q. Do they use masks, and omit the practice of shaving ?-A. They use-no musks, nor do they shave; but they wear a large warm.cap, called Iruechy, which covers the whole Head' and neck, and most part of the face. They also wear gloves of sheep skin. ' ' 16. Q. Do the inhabitants cross the country during the winter?-A. There are no inhabitants, as said before, but the fishermen, who are there for a time, do go over from one island to the other of small distances. 17. Q. How do they travel, at what rate, and Two of whicll (irp^yeflgitt iiiirtt'be 4n'iitiileil 10 kne BSibf:�a),0OO^> then;, -.iwysi' -.wJiriih "from' storiny ' weiiifeer�-jiire often bjiriea ; uijil 4it,;Pfiler ito get 6at,.:itliev; are then' -great�rSftlv?�*?>�*='i^^�;;f.^T'*'''"; . -N,^^�>;pf|Se,^o/�^^^flg^^ ii,s^Kp^rl|..taking-u^e of i: how carry the necessary stock of provisions forjheir subsistence during ihe journey ?-A. They travel on foot; that is, ou snow skails, and draw their food after them in small hand hiedges; but those who bring dogs with them make useof the same. When travelling, snow is their drink.' Horses or rein deer would be of no use to them^^pr the conveyance of their provisions, nor have th^any. j 18. Q. By what meaii� do they procure water; and is it by melting snow, or do they find springs ? -A. They use spring wirter, when it is to be had,' often take it from lakes, and from necessity some-tiroes drssolve snow ; but it seldom happens that they are in want of fresh water, because they commonly pilch ou those pla'ces' where it' is to be met with. ' 19. Q- Is not thejce so firmly co,nBolidated as to render all passage acrois il^:frqm oite island to .the other perfectly safe dtiring winter?-A. The ice at Spitzbergen is well consolidatedand in some places the flakes rtin*to a great height, one in another, which makes Myea the passage on foot very difficult ; other places are quite smooth, except tlipse^gulfs which run in the land to about twenty versts, where the ice' is continually floating and drifting; but 'truveHUiig with horses or reiu deer is ' quite inipo�>ible. " ' ^ - 20. Q. Is not the, ice rendered smonlh by the itaerstices being filled.* up with snow A. As.before said, ihe ice iSfmide^Smoolh by tlx snow filUug up the iueqifalijies. ' 21. Q. Does any aa^i^ger aris'e 'either i n crossing the land or theice.'from'thedrjfiiiig'orthe snow ?- A. They do not joli'niey iu.ft'i,ntfr'as-before mentioned, except't(?islaridj at 'iri'fli'ng' jiitian'cej; apd a traveller is in much danger.if sur|>ri5ed By\u siid-"deii gal'e of wirid^,' � brcompabied ^by ilrifis of'snow ;' he is obli|;ed tb li;e dowtV,' cohering himael^^^ with .his ��-'-I aiid reth|niV,�o seciired iill^ is over; biji Milieu it;c6nfiuiieg for any Te^ time, the Jibor wretch.ofiieo'pVri�hts./-y :22/Q. WKat^degreeSf lip!^^ is'Vhi-re in winter? tlife'^fiUi^rii^iMi^dtiri^^^ tiialces ,.ils BJipearSiicfe;' Jhe dtiya iiicrei^ very | rapidlv. 1, . . 1 . . . ;2iJ.'.Q, What difference does tHt! aMenie ,of the moon-occasion ? Are^he'�tar� in general iiriihaiii ? Csn you siee ro read when tlte^ moon is under the horizon ?-A. Frrtm, the ^pperunce of the inoori iiijier si'cond quaiitt^r to.her decJiiiii.ih the last, the ui^^hts are very luminous, uhii the atats extraordinary ligju both day and night. In the gloom of wiuter the people keep time from the postilion i>f certain starsj When the moon is betoti' the horizon, it,i�inii�o�si-ble toread. - . 24. Q. is the Aurora doreahs. very, hrilliant; and in what, part df the horiZou is it �eeil ?-A- In the dark time of �itfler tile Aurdra-Boreatis i$,c'om-monly seen mp�t strtiHg In ihe ftTorib, and appears � very red and fiery.  i85. Q.. Doea.. it appesf .noSsiWe to cross the ice in!WBter.:tp the NorUi Pole ? If it ddea not,4what � iii^ijthB ohjtacles The Hfeeiiboiid rff a pt^gsge 'fishertheii, as they liatve^hot httd an pppurti^fty 4b attempt it ; and, from their observatlonii, ttiinkall passage impossible, as the mooiitains bf ice appear monstrously large and lofty. Some o'f the ice is cbntinbally drifting about; so that in triaii^ places Water is discerned. Those who have been on the most elevated parts of the Nordoster Istatid,' declare, that as far as it is visible, open water is Only seen ; but to what distance it may continue sb�/ it is impossible for them to' ascertain, as an atte'mi>( for the discovery has never been made; but seeiri-ingly it is practicable to bring the fuel and provisions in vessels tn Ihe Nordoster Inland. 26. Q. If the passage should be deemed practicable, in what manner siioutd it be attempted ; and what means of coveying fuel and provisions appear to be the best ?-A. As the fishermen tliink all passage impractiiable, it is not in their power to give any answer to this demand, ^ 27. Q. Might not (hree different hut�, constructed like those in which the people of Spitzbergen live, together with a sufficient quantitjr of provisions in each for half a dozen of people, be conveyed on sledges, and be left at the different distances of two hundred, of four hundred, of six hundred miles, north of Spilzbei-gen, as places of deposit for the assistance of those who -shall undertake the journey ?-A. Such bills might be built, and placed on shore, as said in the tenth article, at a convenient distance from their vessels; but as for conveying them ready built to the distances proposed, appears to the people an impossibility. 28. Q. What number o^ persons and rein deer, or of dogs. Would be requisite for conveying the huts?->A> From the mountains of ice and great falls of snow, neither dogs nor reiir deer would be able to draw loads | for the fisherman themselvrs, to be as light as possible, go on snow i^kaitB, 29. Q, At what price per man, for each dsy's 'joitroef^woold the peopte of -Spitzbergen, if they tHin^ the adveiitufe practiCiifole, be likely tn observed to direct their course north of Spitzbergen ?-A. it has been always experienced by those who have been at the most northerly parts of Spitzbergen, that in the spring a great number of wild geese, ducks, and other birds, take, their flight further north. , 32. Q. What animals and birds have they during the summer, aud what species winteir oi^ that island ? -A. In Spitzbergen they have wild rein deer, white and blue foxes, and white bear?, which remain continually on Ihe island; but the geese, ducks, &c. are only there in summer. 33. Q. Those which quit Spitzbergen on the approach of winter, in what month do they generally emigrate, and to what point of the cumpaiss ?- A. All the before-mentioned birds on the approach -of winter, that is, in the latter end of September, fly to the southward, and return again in the latter end of April. ^� N.B.-^The 31st and 33d answers do not apparently agree. THOUGHTS ON THE PaOBABir.ITY, E^tPepiENCT, AND UTILITY, OP DiSC0VEIlI^O A, P^$SACt� BY THE NORTH POLE. The interesting nature of^ the subjrtt to which this paper rela.ies any time justify its publication, but at the present moment it derives ail iidditional value front the recent account of the discovery ships, and from the fact that LieuieHant-Franklin continues to pursue his journey wjih the distinct view of exploring ihe^Arctic regions by land. . ; The possibility of tftaking discoveries in this way (that is, by steering dii'ectly north), though now treated as. paruddxical by many, was not, ad will hereafter api'peaf, formally' loolied upon in that light, even by such as ^ought 'to be - reputed tlie - most proper judge"; Tliere have been a variety of ' causes'that at different times haVei'etarded Ujider-�,tiikin^�;of the utmost iiripottwuM to' |ih'e hiiiDHn Among these; we-iriay justly consider the conduct .of'.'.rome great' philosophers, whoj us-oui^ juiiiejious ' 'Verulum' wisefy observ^i' "quittirig the iamiiioiis rog irati, Bit irt" but??riiocfii las the" sun*LUih'W ec�ii8, itn^pd o,iou ihe bulk of mankind specj-ioiis cpinioiis lor ii.fe'n-testable truths, which being prOpas'ated hy llieir ^isciples through a lonij scries of \ia s, captivatrd tile minds of" men, and lliertby deprived them of that, great iiistruaient of s'cienct-, llie tp'rit if" inquijy. , 111 succfeding iiges a new imneilitiient .-irose, frorn the seftiiig up |irolit as the uliimate object ol di -coyery, ; uiid then, as niit;l>l weU beexpecleil, lii-{/referring tlie (irivate uiiil partie iil;ir jjaiii of CrriMiii individuiils 10 tlie gt-neral inlerrs-ts of the commo-riilj',' a-i welt as to the iiirfreat of tlie wjiole worh', ill the exlei).�Ion of scienee. Tlii4 it was that tii-7 duced the Stales Griier;i!, at the 'tiutauce of llieii-East India Company, 4o discourage all altempit lor findiiiij a noriii-east pHssngc, and to stifle snch accounts as tended lo Shew,thai it was pracljcable. We may add to tlif^-fc, tlie soori.rsii of ilivappoini-ed navigators, who endeavoureil 10 reixler ihcir own miscarriages proof!" of tiitt impraclicalnlitv of ariv like uttlemptN. Tlii� wus, tim .case of Ca|>tit'in Woiid, whVwas 5HIpwr'e(:ke'(f'ftpoli 'Nova Zem b'a, and who declared that all endeavours on ih-^isule wtrv, and would be found vain ; llioui,''h Bareiiiz, who died there in a like e.\))(-iiaion, affirinfrf with his -la�t breath, that in his own opinion such a passage ' might be found. That the earlli was spheiical in ils fiirin was an opinion very early entertained. jukI amongst the learned generally ndn'mted. It ceemeiL to be a jdaiu deiiuction from iheiice, that a right liiir-, pafsHng through the globe, would terminate in two iioinls diametrically opposite. Plato is thought tn oe (lie lirst who spoke of llie iniiabitants {if such thefe were) dwelling at or near those [joiiil-i, by tHe name of Antipodes. This doctrine occHStmied di>-: putes rfWoKg jihilosophers for inan\;, B^es; Somt^ inainlairietl,' .sortie dertied, and some treated it as absurd, ridiCOluiiJ, and impossible. VVhoever will examine impwrlrully the ^euiirtieiils of lliese great men, weigh the fcoiitra'riely of their (ipinioiis, and consider the singularity of their reasonings, will see and be convinced how unsatisfactory their iiolunis were, and discover from Ih'ente how insnffirient tin-subtle speculations of the hi'iinHn unrterstanritii^ are towardssetlliiig points like thf�p, Aheil loially unassisted by the lights of o'bservutian and actual experience. The division of the, globe by Koiles being agreeable to nature, the ancients distin>^l]ished them very prnperly and � accurately into tvSo frigid, the Arctic aiid Antarctic Circles ; two temjierate, lyina^ between those circles and the tropics; aud thr^ torrid zone within the tropics, equally divided between the equinoxial. But judging from their experience of the nature of the climates at the extremities of the zone which they inhabited, they concluded, that the frigid zones were utieily uti-iu'habitable from cold, and the, torrid from intolerable heat of the sun. Pliny laments very patlir-tically upon this supposition, that the race of mankind were pent up in so small a part of the earth. The poets, who were also no despicable philosophers, heightened the horrors of these inhospitable regions by all the colouriiig of a warm and heated imaginiitioii; but we now know, with the utmost certainty, that they were entirely mistaken as t(� both. For within the arctic circle there are countries inhabited as high nearly as we have discovered; and if we m ly confide in the relations of tho8>? wlio have been nearest the Pole, the there n very considerable, in respect to which our own nrf-vigators and llie Dutch peifeclly agree. In regard to the toriid zone, we have n�w not the least doubt of its being thoroughly inhahiled'; and which is more wonderful, that the climates are very different tlfe're, according to the circumstances of their situation. In Ethiopia, Arabia^-and the IV]a-luccas, exceedingly hot; but in the'plains of Peru (and particularly at Quito) perfectly temptratej so that the inhabitants never change their Clothes in any season of the year. The sentiments of the ancients therefore in this respect ate a proof how inadequate the faculties of the human mind are to discussions of this nature, when unassisted by facts. � The Pythagorean system,of the universe, tevised and restored "near 230 years ago by the tffltbrateil Copernicus, met with a very difficult and slotv reception, not only from the bulk of mankind, for that might have been well expected, but eveu from the learned; and some very able astronomers attempted lo overturn and refute it. Galiho Galilei wrote an admirable treatise in its Support, in which he very fully removed most of the popular objections. This, however, exposed hi'dJ to the r'igour of the inquisition, and he was Obliged to abjure the' doctrine of the earth's motion. Our nolble philosopher, the dee'p and acutt Lord 'Verulam, could not absolutely confide in the truth aud 'certainty uf the Coperniran Systeih; but seems to think that its facilitating a^ttoliomical catculiitions was its principal recominendatioii, as if tliis had m t beeaalsi> a very strong prfesamplion at least, if not n prool, uf its veracity. It was from tliis con^dera-lion that the Church of Rome at length thought fit so far to relax in her decisions, as topenntt me maintaining the earth's motiou in physical and pi' -losophibal disquisitions. But Sir l$aaeNevvt>i, who built upon this basis his experimental pbilu-liophr; has dispersed all doubts on this subject,,^nd shewn how the mu^t sublime discoveries may be uiude by the reciprocal aida of sa^itty and ohser.. valion. On these grounds, llteFefore, ull inquricies of this nature ought to pioetfcd, wifthnot paying an -implicit submission to llie mere sjiectrl.t've ndtiaua even of the greatest men, but pursuing steadily tlie path of truth, under ilie direction of the hglrt of ; ex'perience. ^> ll may be.urged< to excuse of the aocieofa, and e\'enof our anceSiors in former times, thut, as Ihey were unassisted by facts, they could only employ gueS3 and conjecture) and'ibut cons q