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British Press (Newspaper) - May 17, 1820, London, Middlesex NoM96ii 5443. THBATRB-nOYAt, HRVRY-LAilB: ' THIS EVENING, WEDNESDAV; M*y |7.' Ilia Majesly'i Sei^anli wiJi perWrui iVie Trajerfy  KING LEAR. KtafXear, Mr.Kean; Duke of BurKandjr, Mr. M*Keirn; T)uke uf Cornwall, Mr. Peplry; Dake of AHbany, Mr. Tijoniptna; Earl of Glo'-ito', Mr. Hullsnrf; Earl'nf Kent, Mr.PoiK; Edgar.Mr. Rae; Edmund, Mr.]Biro*:d, :Go(i�ri!j Mn. Glomj RegW, Sin. E^ertve j Cocdetiti| Mr*. H'.-Weil. After which .(4th time), a nev Mutical Drajsitp. io two Acts, called the lady aND the devti.. TTiWtuVe, Mr."Elli91on; Jrr�my; Mr.Harley; Bigirtir'Ra. fael, Mr.'Gallie; Chiudiaii, Mr. Barnard. ZcfibyriDa, M4�t Kelly; Negombo.BIra.Bland. ^ To-inarrow^ TheHanoled Totter, \nth The Lady and the Uf On Friday, Kio;r JLear, visXi. The Lady ^nd �he Devil. On Whit lUTonday/A new Tragedy, enlilled KirRinius,,or Tde Pall of the Kceillviri, �� whiich Mr. Keaa will sutlaia fhe (irtncipal chiracf�r. :  - j�e^^^ THEATttB-ROYAI., COVBNT-aAfiDJ^X. THIS EVENING, WEDNESDAY, M�y i?. .will be produced, first :tlitte, a aev Hiitoricat Tragedy, called VIRGlNfUS: Or, THE LIBERATION OF ROME. Applus Claadiiia, Mr. Abbott; Virgiiiiua,'Mr. ^lacready; Icilius, Mr. C. Kemble; Clandiaa, Mri Coiiuer; Sicciua DMjlatus, Mr. Te.'ry-; Nunietorius, Mr. Egertoa. Virginia, Wiss Foo'le ; Servja, Mrs. Faucit. The Prologue to be spoken by Miss S. Booth; the Epi-foj^ue by Miss Brunlon. After which, the Faree of HONEST THIEVES. Colonel Careless, Mr. Connor; Ca(all-mall; or to Messrs, Brace and Selby, Solicitors, Surrey-street, Strand. TO BE SOLD BY PRIVATE CONTRACT- ACAPITAL double-fronted FAMILY iWAN-SION, standing on 40 Estate of about 400 Acres, on the borders of Hertfordshire and Essex, about twenty miles from London. The House is most pleatautly situated in a Park Lawn of about seventy Acres, and from ihe size, num-iier, and distribution of the apartments, is adapted for the commodious residence of a large and genteel family. The soil is dry agd healthful, the views agreeable, the roads excellent, and the neighbourhood highly respectable. The Estate is divided intosiiHable Farms, and ornamental Plan, lalions are interspersed, connected by walks kept up at n trifling expense; attached to it is Ihe Advowson of tlie Parish, with a good Rectory House, and a M^nor (which, as inVII as the-surroundingcountry, is) well stocked wilb Game. To be viewed with tickets only, which, with further par tifiilars, may be had of Mr. Id, No.42, Pall-ms!l. ^_ BRITISH GALLERT, PALL-MALL. '^Hl'S GALLERY Will be OPENED with an K. EXIMBITION of PORTRAITS, repre.enliB� some of Ike moat distiniruished Persons in the Riatury and Ltten. ture.qf the United Kingdom, on THURSDAY NEXT, (he 25lh.Iustaat. B/ Order, john yousg, Keeper. la tlie Preaa. queen's A p " Dieu et Mun Droit." peal. TO THE CURIOUS IN BIRDS. JUST arrived from Htgli Germany, afin^GdU lection of PIPING BULLFINCHSS, which will �hi*i Ije several beautiful Tones tur^their own anuaemeal,'likewise by command, viz. A^gu^, Marches, Wallxes, Jtli-Dueta, and.Conntry D&ujces. l - i.  Ladies and Genliemen any have the Birds uq '> their approbation, and'tu be Sold by Messrs. Tbym,]Ro>'lij Panton-6lreel,h Poplins, Lustres, and every new and fashionable Article in Silk Mirrery thai is made, equally cheap. A. SHEARS, Bedford House, No. 11, Heflfietta-atreet, Covenl-Gardeo. No Patterns cat.-An immense stock of the most sViperb India Imiutiuu Scarfs and Shawls, from Two to Twenty Guineas each. UHSUANT tea Decree of the Hiffh Curt _ of Chaorery, made in a Cause wherein JOHN WOR- STER CHANDLER is the Plainliif, and ELEANOR ARMSTRONG, Widow, and others, are Defendants,'the Creditors of WILLIAM SEXTON, late of Young's place, or Tonng'sbuildings, Islington.road, in Ihe county of Middlesex, Gentleman (who died on the 21st N^femher, 1805), fcre (Virthwilb to come in and prove their debts before Francis Paul Siralfurd, Esq. one of the Masters of the said Conrt, at his Chambers in Soulharaploo-buildings, Chaa-eery-lane, London, or in default thereof they will be excluded the benefit of the said Decree. R. POTTS, Plainliff's Solicitor, Serjea(it's.Inn, Fleet-street. TP BE SOLD BY AUCTION, -BY .MR. EVANS, At his Houae, No. �8. Pall.mall, THIS DAY, WED-NESDAY, May 17, and TO-MORROW, May 18. SPLENDID BOOKS, ORIGINAL DRAWINGS, MISSALS, and GLOBES. AVALUABLE COLLECTION of BOOKS, Bpoks o( Prints, tllpminated Missals,-with exquisite Uiniature Piinlingi, splendid Works of Nataral History, ^ Paw of iapital Globes, &c.; including Shakspeare's Playa, first edition, TS23; Mus�e Franyois, 4 vols, iii 6, brilliant impressions, cbieAy proofs ;' Cabiiiet de CtoiJt, "S vols, large paper; Qalerie de Florence; Galerie dn Palais itoyal; Le Bran, Galerie dea Printres Hapiands, 3 vol�. morocco; Boydell's Shakspeare, 10 vols. ms�4; 6Qy�f'� Edition of Hiirae'a ^gland, JO vols, rnaaja ; FotPter'a Bri-tMh Gallery, proofs; Le Vaillant, Qiaehtiic d'Afriqne, 6 vola.Iar|e�t pap^r, colow�d |latci: Biitiiti'tn PigiKm, cpl9i!red.,iiUta, far,Ac. IMPERIAL FAliUAMENT. HOUSE OF LORDS, Tuesday, May 18. the iiiteutioii of the Kiii^|j*(f |Bpiii�tb'i^t^l'^ kubjtfctio H Goiiiuiiitee,'ftrf^ti�B*|jSj|l^^ | htquiria^ jntd Hie sitiiHtioii 'of Mie''P^'tlAdiie^ii ?" The Baif tiT'LiVBitPodi ��tedri>)l1y, thitt the'Noble liofii Who (Ircient^ ihe' Petiuott -Iiad taid trdriy- thst his Miijeat^'ti Gitvernjneiit wprt m�st ahxirfiM logiVa efl'eCt lo iHe fiilfeat'ihq^irf ftitct tH^ general objet-lD vrbicb iKis qu'eatioii Jiii^viMl. Aod ill tttiother jjWet'�� ittquiry �U alrendy fixed ibIo one ^^i'eat briiiehof thin hubjei:t. ' If tJtiW mat-Ut of cousideraiidii wlifctliiei" un4u^iiitr^'l&r tili^yine inirpose uliuold alsti l� Vii�ultq4ieojU||r ibipiaM'by their Lordshit>sr. If NpliWi^^^^^ �mfli Tt �leii vxpedieiifi 1i tiite the inquiry, for ite thought their duly iinpe-rutively itnpused upon them the propriety of not officially commencing any inve�tigatioh through which they could not directly see their v�ay. But though they did not originate the question themselves, they would certainly give it no opposition, provided the inquiry wiere fairly and ^racti* rally liniiird. With respect tu the petition before their Lordsiiips, he was ready to udmit it ought lo be fully considered. The exemplary conduct of the population of Birmingham wal, ta his own personal knowledge, in the highest decree praiseworthy ; their paVieiice, their loyalty,' their atUch-inent tu the best iniliiulions and interests of the country, entitled them lo the thanks of the conimu-uity, and to a special claim, if any such could at all be put in, for e'Very consideralion. The iVJarquis of Lassdown said that the Petitioners were eminently entitled to the honourable cliaractet jnst gii'tu them by the Noble Earl opposite. The language of their Petitiou Was also most expressive and iCorrect, and contained, he (eared but too truly, the distressed situation in which these people now foiiod themselves. Their case was certainly one'Vhich entitled them to have a full and adequate inquiry.-fHedr, hear, hear J PRidB 7d. AGRICULTURAL PETITIONS. The Bi!ly hoped for, yet still he thought wlieii so large a portion of the people of this country caine forward with such a complaint as this, it was at least due to them lo inquire into the evils which they allec;ed they endured, in the hope of seeing whetherany effectuiil remedy could heap, plied. Should their Lord^hips feel that uo remedy was likely to be attained by legislative mean', they would ut least, he trusted, not witlihnld iheircon-solatory assurance th;il they deeply felt the distresses which affected so large a portion u.'� the community, and that the prayer of their pelition hud not been dismisseyer, indeed, he had bopud thiit tltey fWiiW," Cither hi or oat of Parliament, have ihemselves urtderuken it with all the grave and deliberate wtiglrt of their own authority. He now found that such an inquiry was not to be expected in that quarter, where it could I e most efFeciivtly conducted, with a view to lay open the real siluatiun of the country, and the principles to the establishment of which it ought to look for a mitigation of the now subsisting evils. He was persuaded, that no inquiry could be so adequhtely carried to a conclusion, as one emanating frotii Ministers tliethsijlves, still less that any remedial measure, should such hereafter be deemed expedient, could be fully carried into execution without the active aid and concurrence of the Executive Government goinghand in hand with both Houses of Parfiament.r-lflcar.J-As however the Noble E�H would not promise this satisfaction to the country, he (the iMurquis) would certainly on an early day after the holidays, perhaps on Friday se'ntilght, bring this great subject under the cousideraliou of iheir Lordships. But when he gave this notice, he Was most anxious at the outset to ex-press his opinion that he was not very sanguine that any inquiry emanating from him was likely lo be attended wilti any very beneficial result. He also thouglit it right to state, that the inquiry which he meant, to propose should be limited as much as possible to a view of u part of the case, and confined to the most practi cal result. He should, in fat't, propose the appointment of a Committee to iuvtistigaie the means of extending the foreign trade of the country. This he was aware was only one view ef tile case, and he was far from meaning to iusinuatr^ ihut any result arising out of such an invesligaiion would give ge-neral saiisfaclion to the country ; on the contrary, he thought 'that no real good could be efTected without sifting to the bottom the whole question as it affected all the great iiiteresU of the ruinmu-nity, until some remedy were found, or declared uimttniiiable, und that, result tpade clear to >he comprehension of the people. A duty more sacred lhau that could not devolve upon any Oovernineut. Ii was, he confessed, too strong f�>r his ahoulders, though he was determiucd lO undertake the task, as it was not now likely that any one more competent would call on their Lordships toidvestigate lhe^ub-ject. The Noble Marquis concluded .by givttig notice uf his motion for the appiiintment of a ConiiHittee on Friday se'nnight to iuvirstigate the question. The Earl of LlVEKPOOU intiinated that on that day he would stat^f generally his yiewa upon this ipiestion, without opposing sucii. s inotioti as that ulluded la by the Noble Marquis.. Wluit exlen-tiqii the inquiry may be snsceptihle of, would., of COur�e, remaiii u tiiutter for'fiilure coiisiderntion. But^be fully agre'ed in the expediency of considering the general stale of tlycountry,' Earl GsosveNOft wi*fcd lo tfijorW witellier this inquiry was ro be linjited tothe stiite of the iBanu-fiicturers The einbarrasgments of tIte.BgricoUural interest were equally as extfeosl^e, �iid thought entitled to the sstiiie eoiisi(lerntibii.--/'/l/eor.y The Earl of LlVERPOOI. lifaterviid. that tite motion of which Untice had been ^rtu = more iipecifi:-catly teiP5rred to tire cuirinierciiif itttert^ii, but he toa� ready to adinilfbat ia Wr gemrrtrt view of lifie �u4>}ect it WiTOld be iuettabeht'�j|i>.i�ili^ � kHWiisaiAii, it did iijft ; tlie�f�.re'fcUio�� ItialiVrtW'tfrqrtitjrSfeiiIH in'llife-ifiiSt4' i*4tniire be eitfiide^i tiliilj iHt!�gir*ed in ihelptOto fifiety of begiadiri^'i^lb'8 -diitiiiiit and ^eJBned object. The Marquii of LumBOtTN concimed in tim neeeiflty. atid aaid te.We^l to ibaiDi'tiis itfotioti �(A�rdtiigly. Uiid(Alkedli''4ie IboOght tkat Mle t*1i%^ the agrici�ltdWtijitel(*�tii otfght4o be fdUy kie^it'ediuto, bat it#��>iii^q�t desin^iteitM- tliejit-tet^foeKrt of a t>'a^litat' rtsllfj' tbit ibe intjtiirret shMdd be >Ub>dividedibt6�epartttie^rt^^(^Mtt'^il^M{w pWdfidrt'-StitriMd be dj>tinefi '^ntfie *i�iiRd-*a�^ ^ thaf'Wben^t was Entered ii|ioti; ittiboUld lidtbe un-derafeod as exclodiifg the other.-^/'^ieiirr;J The �arl of LAttbEttBale agreed that a gieneiriEti inquiry couid alone be deemed satisfactory to the country at large. His opinions vpon'Corii Bills and the state of agriculture generally' were well knoWn ; and be im|iloreil rheir Lordahipi*, as they valued the tranquillity of the country, not to enter upon such a topic in the present iit'ate of public feeling. Nothing could be more fatal to llie peace of the community thai! the'agitation of that ques--tion now. Of course, in the general discussion upon the slate of the country, tlie agricultural interest must be incidentally touched dpon. Although he tliouglit the inquiry might be entered upon to conciliate the public mind, yet strll he augured very tittle from the result. The Committee would be beset by crowdsof witnesses, bearing facts of all sorts, and sowing the ifeeds of endlesi fatUre jealousies and itissentions. He approved of the line his Noble Frteud (the Marqnis of LtHiSdowii) had chalked out for himself, though he thought it the dirty of Government to have erfe now begun an active iuvesiigation into this most irtiportaitt subject. The great use that, in his opinion. Parliament would be on this oc(;asioni was so to cliissify and subdivide the subject as X6 render the parts of which it was com'posed less intricate than they were when mixed up witb the general mass. The Executive Governmeirt could alone conduct this inquiry usefully, fur they mast be possessed of all the necessary in^riUalipn, much of which it would advisable'perhaps for them>io disclose. He therefore joined bis Noble.F�iend in stTont;ly imploring iMd'Majftsty's iVliuistets tfftake the subject U|j themselves on their own rtspoiisibility,-[Heaf, hear.) The Earl of Darnlgy also thouglit the inquiry ought to be general; but still when he gave thiti opinion, he very'inach feared that it wjis out of the power of PariTatOeiltt^libwever well dispoiled, to apfjfy anf ellemianfgtocdy; Tfiir-^ffs btSTifta cotr-viction ; the state of the country was so dipplorable, he should be glad if the result proved his opinion erroneous, but he feared the result would fully sustain ir. L6rd Erskine agreed that the stale of the agricultural interests ought to be considered as well as every other, and that this would be best effected by keeping that branch of the question in a separate and distinct shap^. He thought Mt in the power of the Legislature to apply a remedy tothe agricultural interests, at once easy, simple, &nd cotn-^iletely efficacious. The Earl of Dt>'Nt>uc!hmore was fully persiiad-ed thiit it would be impolitic to hold out any hopes to the country of the probabli: result of their discussion, unless their Lordships had fully made up their minds to enter into a comprehensive ittquiry. They ought to make up their minds as to what relief they were prepared to apply to any part of the ekisling grievances; this was mbre particularly rendered necessary after what this night had fallen from one of his Majesty's Miiiislers. The Govern-tnent had now avowedly thrown off the inquiry from theOiselvies; he was heartily sorry for it, because they had more means, inoreinftuence, more efficacy, and he gaid it respectfully, it was more theiir duly than it was that uf the Noble Lords who sat at the same side of the House with himself. No greater duty coulil devolve upon the Miuistersof the Crown than this inquiry, and b^ them ought it tu be undertaken fur the satisfaction of the country. There Were rtiany persons who were doubtless acquainted with the general state of the ii:ition, but who had not the same oppOitunity as his Majesty's Ministers had of being conversant with all l!ie details of whidh the Government must, cr at least ought to be, iu possession. What Ministers brought forward was sore to be adopti>d by Parliament, though he feared that what originated at the side of the House where he sat was in general sure of meeting nothing but a negative. Ministers, in the way in which they seemed disposed to treat ttiw question, were not cerlniBly doing their duty in Ihe itian* ner which he thuiJght would become them, for tliey were casting oft' upon others a^ task which they ought , Iheinselvea lo uiidertake, if it were meant ta be efficaciously accoiiiptished. Did Ministers think the stiite of the coontry incurable ? Were they prepared tu make this avowal to the manufacturer and to the agriculturalist > Were they prepared lo SHy that they had no remedy, no cure fur the distresses under which the people so universally lub'uured ? Or was it potsilrte that Ministers thoiight they had rfiapatched the business' by this night's conversaitioti ? He realty must say he did i>t)t think they seeiiied to have that injportanl �ei)�e which they ougtjt to feci of ihe�r official reapcinsi^ bility. Minister* might agree ojioii >.ntne specific plan; it looked indeed as if his Notile'FVieuds were not eiiactly prepared ti agree iipoir^oue, for they seemed aljeWdy disposed to ilij^er ii[ivii ttie reuiedy at the outlet. He. coiKiluded: by rViter�fiiig,that Government ought Xb take Ihe aubjeci sVr.ooi.ry up; it was their diStj to do so, uud the cuuinli''y expected it ffum tiieik. ' Th� Kkrl of liirfeft^oot^ said, tliat he w�ed' it tcfeiimtH' ttf Hay iftw^OTdriifter wii*i'had fafleu 'firom tt�e Noble,fiari �hti hnA jdst �at d^^rn. ITr '"'tti^UMfpoio^ thought liet�iid diJiincrly stated. iiitentida to eiiter generally into the qiieati�p. lirheft it w�� brougbt distinctly hef^te their Lor 1-iiiiftt. But it wds said that hi� M'Je�y'� (VlinUters .Atigbt to comiGtoce tlie investijgd'ion. llr folly agreed "Uiat it Wits the idtperative duty, of Veriinaent io examine Beriou>ly into 411 the fBiiits eohnecled with so gi^^e a'question, and that irfli^J' had liotipquired into therti all, they inrtitred i httacH df tbeii- dtoiji bat if ihey, 1cnoMih| ihe iaeaoa of JD�ertig4tiOh at their da|id�inie 6'f ^liose who thOttghrt lb�t rtiB4�stitni^sft"mdrft I �mD the other^ay,aitd that mirt^ timre fiariii fh�(i ertiitut! good attended ftie agitation of topic*, w4ie>e the expected beheficitd tejliltu Were doubtful ifiib unattainable. Let fhem Ihofeto llteij- Statute-book, and see v�l>at had been doite there in past and with the best intehlionB, to reifaedy evils ii� trade. The complaint Wottld then appear, lhat io stead of being chargeable with htiving done too kiltie, thest di.nreas, and in soine instances had led to acts of insubord'tiiation and Moleiice. If was an irtiporldh't duty tu ascertain, if in this state of things any etti'-ployment could be provided for the poor. Tot thi: state in which they were now placed could be viewed without apprehension and alarm. He knew that when lawless violence had reared its head', it became the duty of Goveirtinient to put it dowh witliout delaj'. When a tfaan's house was 00 fire, tht first step was to pot otit the confiagratiou, the next to ascertain the cause. The was no maxim mure tftii: than that of Lord Bacon-" That in order lo allay sedition, you must expel the mailer of sedition." Unless then the matter of sedition, which was the distress of the people, was inquired into, no adequate step would be taken to prevent its coutidfi* utice. No liieasures of coercion could effect this object; distress alotie had led to it. During tbfe convulsion of the Ffeuch Revolution, som^ of tfae lowest of society had mounted into the most prominent and lucrative offices. This ejiample kept alive a similar spirit of ambition, if it deserved that name, aniong the same classes in other toontiies, and a period of distress was always that id which such spirits could \irork with effi.cacy. It was ohff by the force of prevailing distress that dera'a^u-* gues had beert enabled to congregate such lar^ collections of the people. He would not say that if no distress prevailed, some disaffectsoa would not be found to exist, bill he would affirm thut were it not for the I'eal distresses of the peo' pie, the disaffection alluded tu would havf; been cdnfined to a very narrow spot io society. In what were called the good old tildes, wheu the iii-dustry of the people had play, and when tliey li-ved in peace and contentiiient, the very boys Iu the street would have petted such demagogues if iRey adopted the practice of haranguing ttiecb. The present state of the country was much altered froin that it formerly heldj the prerisOre of t^xatioa wa^ now severely felt by all, but it fell iii a liiore peculiar dtfgree upon one class of society; for tbe. manufacturing districts by no nieauS bore the sudie proportion of the poor's-rates that the agrit-iiU turat did, though they largely coptribtlted to swell the claims upon that fund. Oa what t>tinC:ip>>-of justice ought' tbis inequality be suffered ? Why should it be felt by that clart wliicfi waa the inost substantial resource of the coiiii-try, aud was quite independent of foreig;n trade, or foreign markets ? The ioduceiheiiu of high wages and idleness had drawu a coti^ siderabte number of the labouring poor to liia-nufacturing districts, where the greateirt possible ehcouragemeuf was held to marriages, for tfie children that rei^ulted, instead of being* bilidea to the parents, were at a very tender age a source o| absolute profit to them at some employment in t1^ roantifactories. Froip this sprang thiit stijijeraBupdr ant population, for efoi la^'ge a porlitin of whl^H npit^f ploynient could pow be,found. Mi/erubte, iQ^etd, inu�i be the sitdatioii of that peopli-, when their Government deemed it a boiin to Ihem, und whiatbi-y aci^epttd it at such, to be exp.>t tuied' trooi tKe.; homes, arid pfaced upon a distant sotl-a r^jqaovitt that in former'.tioaes, to far froiB bfiiig coa^^ti^t^ a booii, would' .be deemed, a severe .pii�ii�|jpenn If wat in the large manutiactDfiug tfJMific^ tfhaf �ll the facilities were ibund of ceiigregiiii;^ Urjiie biodiet of ateo/together at' .atiji^y'*; c^h . |v �a a^ricsUiifal' dittticl it woul'^ ii'trye b^^'ii^. ;