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British Press (Newspaper) - May 10, 1820, London, Middlesex Number 5437. LOIVCON, WEDNESDA^Y, MAY 1^, 1820. PaicE yd. all, Mr. PeDley; puke of Alhaoyy Mr. | i},�,i,^a. The Porlfaifs of Glo'slcr, Mr. Holland ; Earl of Kent, , PeraoimgT in Eii THEATRE-ROYALy JDRURT-LANS. HIS EVENING, WEDNESDAY, May 10, hia Majesty's Serrants will perforin I be Tragedy of KING LEAR. Kiiiy Lear, Mr.Keaii; Duke of Biireuody, Mr. M'Kenn; Diiki' uf Cornwal ' ~ " *--- - � Thoiiifi.'jor ; Earl c. _______, Mr'. ri>|)e; E(Ig.-ir, Mr. Rae; Edmund, Mr. Barnard. Goneril, Mrs. Glover; Uegaii, fllrs. Egertoa ; Cordelia, Mrs. W. Ucst. After which the Farce of HIGH NOTION.'*. Sir FreRfrick Aujuslns Pageant, Mr. Mnnden; Brisk, !lMr.,l^us4: Frauklry, Mr, T. Cooke; Timothy, Mr. Knigbt. CharlnKe, Miss Cubilt; Mar{lia, Mrs. Orger. The Doers will he opeued at Half-past Sixo'Clock; Ihe Perforinan"c(; will ci>mmencc precisely at Seven. The Box'Office will l>r open from Eleven till Fiveo'Clock -Places lo lie taken of Mr, Rodwell, Box Book-keeper. KING LEAH every Evening until further Notice. rpHE CHEVALIER ISABEV h�o nearly ML mmplelrd his ArraDgements for OPENING the. EXHIBITION of bis fine COLLECTION of WORKS of ART at tbe Gallery, No. 61, Pall-mall. On MONDAY NEXT'he invites the Lovers of the Fine Arts lo his CoUi-c-ion of Historical Designs, Portraits, and Waler-Colour ~ are of some of the most lH'us- rope, and the most ctlebraled Beauties uf the Continent. THE ASSOCIATED CATHOLIC CHARITI ES, UNDER THE PATRONAGE OF THE RIGHT RJJV. DR. POYNTER. The Right ribn. Lord CLIFFORD, President. HE ANNIVERSARY DINNER of these CHARITIES will take place al the' Freemasons' Tavern, Great Queen^lreel, un MONDAY NEXT, May 15, 1820; The Right Hon, Lord STOURTON in lUc Cliair. THEATXa-nOYAI., COVENT-GAUDBN. rf^mSWENING, WEBMSDAY, May jo, M. will be aclcd, I4ih time, anew Musical Drama,caUed IVANHOE; Or, THE KNIGHT TEMPLAR, Iv.iithoe, Air. C. Kcmble; Sir Regioald Front de Bcenf (Knight Ti-mpiar), Mr. Macready; Sir Brian de BoisGuil-herl, dir. Cooniir; Sir IManrice de Bracy, Mr. Hunt; Sir Lucas Beanmiuiilir, Mr. Chopmanj Gedric of Rotlierwood, Mr. Ef^rlon; Warjibir, Mr. Lislon; Friar'Turk, Mr. Emery; Isaac (ihc Jew of York), Mr. H'. Farrea. Roivena (a Saxon Triiicoss), Miss M. Tree; Elgitha, Mrs. Lislon; Ulrica, Mrs. luucil ; Rebecca (Ibe Jew's Daughter), Mits Foole. After wliicti, the Burletla of MIDAS. Jn])itrr. Mr. ,T. Isaacs; Pan, Mr. Emery; Apollo, Mr. Durusel (bis iiist appearance in that character); Midas, Mr. T.istoi) : Siteno. Mr. Taylor. My�is, Mrs. Liston ; Daphne, Mr? Slcrli;iir; Nysa, Miss M. Tree (ber first appearance in lint cliaracleij. A I'rivaie U'mix may be b^id for the season, or nightly, of lir Braniliiii, !vt the Box office. To-niumiw. Henri Qnaire, or Paris in the Olden Time. MR. MUNDEN'S BENEFIT. THEATRE-ROYAL, DRURYLANE. "^.�fll. .M'JNDEN -resptclfiiUy nci|i#8inl9 liis . lA Frlpn.'.s and Ibe Public, that bis BENEFIT will Islie pl-.vce WEDNESDAY, May 31st, IS'ZOr on which I ii-inirij will bp revived a Comedy (not acted these twenty. t\\v yeai chI !(il FASHJONABLE LEVITIES; Or, LOVE WILL PREVAIL. A lPljtS. 1? xp; 7�.; Fil 3s.6d.; Low. Gallery ^.; Upp.Gallery Is. 'lickcls and Places to be had of Mr. Munden, No.Sj Ber-iKinl-sireel, RuBsell-squarc; and of Mr. Rod well, at-tlie Box Otbre. The Duke of Norfolk, The Earl of Surrey, The �arl tif SlnsSiAbary, The Earl of Neatorgb, Viscomit Kipuaii'dy TICE PRESIDENT^ : Lord Petre, Lord Arundell, [Hon. Mr.Oliffiiril, Hon. Edward Petre, Sir G. Jerninghatn, Bart, Hon. Charles Clifford, Sir Henry Englefield, Bart. Sir Edward Blount, Bart. Robert Berkeley, j�n, Eaougbnan, jun, Esq. Dinner at Stewards: Rev. William Morris, Rev. Thumaa Percy, Rev. Julius Picqnol, Palrirk Power, Esq. John Rosson, Esq, Molyneiix Seel, Esq. Thomas Slonor, Jan. Esq. Colonel Stonor, VV. Troy, Esq. Thomas Tucker, Esq. John Wright, Esq. Five o'clock. Tickets, 17s. Wine included, to be had of the Stewards ; of Mr. Booker, General Secretary, 61, New Bond-streel ; of Mr. Vose, Sei;le-slieel, Lincoln's-lnn-fiebls, and .Mr. Sum-mersgill, Clare-stiecf, ditto, Assislant-Sf crelaries; and at the Bar of Ibe Tavern. Shortly will be pnblislied, handsomely printed in 3 vols. 8vo. with a Map of Ihe Route, AJOURNAL of Two Successive TOURS upon Ihe CONTINENT, perfonmd in the Years 1816, 1817, and 1818; containing an Account of the prin. cipal Places in the South of France, of the gi-eat Roads over the Alps, and of the chief Citfes and most inleresliivg paits oflialy, ucconipanied with occasional Remarks, Historical and Critical. By JAMES WILSON, Esq. l^rinled for T. Cadell and W. Davies, Slrand ; and \V. Blackwood, Edinburgh. RICHARDSON'S COFFEE-HOUSE ANDf AVERN, PIAZZA, COVENT^GARDEN. ^ RfCMARDSON and SON beg to ii.for.n  Nnlilr.-Tipn. Genllcnien,lbeir Friends, and (lie Public ibrj THiS DAY dress a. remarkably fine TURTLE, rvac!\ ill Jars I" be sent lo any part of Town or Country. C'lipiniiis iif Ships and^bcr Ge�llraltni'I>arin^->n]p.4l]Hnj^i^j^^ til v i>f Live Til rile fo dispose of will find a redify market.' ' * N B.-Hamuli >.f Venison dressed this day. HOTEL, COFFEE-HOUSE, AND TAVERN. r^O I'.F/LET a well-arfiisiomed iiiiil re|�i1ed a COrr-EF,.HOUSE, desirably situated io a leading Siiu'l in Ibe C;ity, conlaiiiing a spacious, large tJ:jti room, Dining-rooms, and most convenient apartmenis l.i (il i'llpnif u from the counlry, sufficient for twenty beds. :iii:i ;iMil ciiiniiig in will be very moderaie. The Fixtures uili Sisrlii-iiiiird to Ibe HonSi>. Ainilicaliou to be made by letter only (post-paid) lo V.r. S,i lOk-iis, Lower Brook-street, Grosvenor-square. pHiliSH PLATE GLASS CO.VIPANY, J3� F.stiiblisbed by Act of Parliament, 1773. I li.f Trade and the Public are respectfully informed, that a vrrv larje assorlment of CAST PLATE GLASS conti- ......5 iiii sale by Mr. James Hawkings, Secretary to ihe Com- p:i!!v, al lliir Warehouse, Albion-place, Blackfriars. bri.iire; and :Jso by Mr. William Foster, at their Manu-Caiioiy al llivcnUead, near Prescot, Lancashire, at either ol 11 bull |il�iis Orders for the Country executed. 'Ibe Conipuiy take leave to stale, thai llieir Slock is of a superior quality and brillinncy, and consi.its of an elegant :iiltf jii^rsinis ii'i the touiity ijf Suffolk, many cifWIioin were of the first eoDsi-idfetarioii, irjjalngt (tie 1it)(jort:iilui) of fdr'tigrt {�fiitiiV Tht Hoik Aleoiber pretseiiletJ a shiulitf Peti- tion from forty G^nilfen!feil*who had served on two nuciesaive Griind�Juries.;i^ffit^ i>)i^' iireatnted a Petition to the samedf^cf ^ipiia'%r{;Vtmmbei' of the iiibabitaiii!) oi'Uhe towir'W-fjTsVii-l). The Hon. Member observed thnt tittiid: ]5^|ile werfr hiwtile to the Corn Rill," and woiijdf (rt'tlie tiine^lt wus'^ansed, aimuatbare broken his heati; thoagh titiWIIiey were decidedly in "facoor of^-M�iiie*Pefitii*d!roffi the Owners and OccupiiR>ti#iMi!ij and as lie knew a great number of iMetnberfetmd^sitnilar Petitions to present, he would not ^ntfeHiAs a preirta-ture eonsideralion of tljat great �ilfejett:' He entreated that other Gentlemen woulif adopt ti simihif course at the present moment, sfnd'-resiirve themselves- for a general discnssibn of^fhe aubject, for winch he wonltJ now fijca day.^: The' Horii Member then said,-that on ThursJuyj the-sStI), he would move that these- Petitions be referred to a Selett Comuiitlee, to enable the Petitioners to prove.their allegations, and also for I lie -purpose of pressing upon the Legislature the adoption 6f whatever measures should appear best calrulnted to remove or mitigate the. distresses of ttieagricultnrul interests,-.///ear, Atfar.) �� ' General Gascoyne thougWfitbal no more inS-port'dnt measure tban the '6jire89." He certainly sliDiild oppose the object oF'tBe Petitioners, and could only consent lo Vatef'ffli'gofng into a Committee for the purpose of rejrfalWig wi'to/o the whole provisions of the (>resent-i6oHi'Btll.- {Heat, hear.) � Mr. Holme Sumneh then altawd^the inotice he had given, and fixed it for Tuesda^^ftft'90th May next. V'^' The above Petitions were laid tiinHEfc" table and ordered to be prinled. J ' ' COMMERCfAl, WSTR^' Sir George Clerk preseifted a PeiiSdn from the ^MeeciiiuHs and-Sliij)Owi�et|l^jOf\ li^jtjt^ fllaUiig, as commercial men, thegrea.PwtBctiliie*'under which they laboured. They stittetl'tttat liie'y were fully aware of the great delictS^ df the subject, but ihey still entre-dted the HwiiW! "to t-ake" it into its consideration, with a vie*�jqSf inquiring whether any remedy could be devisecJNo meet ttbe evil. The Hon. Member stated, tfiiit ne entirlfly concurred in the view taken of the coitiiiifri!:iar'"distre8ses of the country by the Hon. Mfeirfber .forTdtihton (Mr. Baring), in his able speecH last night. The Petition was laid ou the table, and ordered to be pniiled. ' ' ^ CATHOLIC ^OESTION. \ Sir Henry Parnkll stated, that he Sind received a letter from his Rigbt Hon. Friend fMr. Grat-tati), luinenting that indisposition wbcird'preveiit his being able lo bring forwartf his m]ose',GeiJ,Ue^ n.ol, i i iV the' last '|�vtlSS>%|�.,,"?.Cs*5'?"l*^.(iliF*�* effect-of the present list of cipilul punishments, and to asrertaiii, by the t.-�t of eSperieiice, whether their present seveii'y did not in many ivssl.snces couiileract ihnr own purpose, and di-.-nide prosecutors, wiiiiessrs, jurors, and even Jmli;-?, from giving eifect III the excessive extremity of the la�-. and iu doing so, whether they were not oftten'under the necessity of suffering those criiniiiah to escape, who, if ibe pnuisbnient were metre cora-meosurale with the offence, would meet the just |>en�lly which their olYence merited } For the c'nii-sideratiou of that hrauch of the qnejtion, the Ust Committee had diligently deliberated daring the , last Session. iMany arguments lijiJ- from time to time been urged �g-^inlt the indiscrimiuate seve-rily of capital pilnislimeiils; the oldeit argument was founded ou that of them. Dr.Paley, one of the nloiit celebrated and distinguished writers of this age aiidlcoun-tr}*, had argued ou the side uf establishmen'iSj and with great ingenuity top, against the fgrce of those prevailing opitHOiis whiciJwj?W't�i*SE*��*^^ . .. -^^ =^ - . . ^ qualed notions upon eopitat^(niT�hT��lW"^'�*-ft�d'yf^ l^umerif; it estaT)lished, and ojily there the test of experience. This distrust could niA but in some degree be considered natural ; it was in fact the bestsecurity against improper innov-jlion or precipitate change. To contend with it boldly would h^ve beei> to exhibit tbe puerile follyof 0|>-posing one of the fixed principles of buiuau lialnre- to.satisfy it became a duty, and laborious inquiry was jhe means of furnishing that sutislaclton. Tiie existence pf the evil was first to be considered, and to be iiaudled with car*-. He rememltered lUic^. through* breach of privilege (we presume by bemi. an auditor in the gallery) having had the good lor-tune to heat an expressi oof rota Mr. Fox.-ihe value of which forcibly struck him. It was, if he rccoUecit-il right, wiieo some ijuestiou about appellant jtrrisd ( . tioti came under the consideration of the Hiiu>e. Mr. Fos timn said, thsfappellnnt jurisdiction vrn founded on the .greaf'philosophical principle ol n ctinsciousneis-�f. Kiimau infirmity." ;j^St> he (Sir Jaiiwf) Mid ,io. tbp fresent eaife, the fevisal of Hk^ criiguial code was a^cesstiry to repair whutiiaii i^'t-.i humau infirqiiiy in less eolighteiied day.-^. [Tfae,practical demonstration of the Insufiiciency-of ^Qiti^ A.f .the criminal punistMoeats as they were, applied, ,wa� proved out of the mouths of prosecutors, of jurors, of witnesses, and of such .Judges as cquld without impropriety' be called upon for theilr opinions by the Committee. There was therefore the test of experience as weU as the result uf tbedry, as must always be the case when the.theory was sound and the experience properly conducieO. The Committee of last Session having conclusively established to their own satisfaction the iiiefficacy of many of those capital punishments as al present applied, proposed, or rather recommended iii their Report, several remedial mpasiires, which uiit.ii noiv there had not been sufficient lime to prepare iu a deiavi'd form. The first propositio;! which he should make was for the re-appom;-meut of a similar Committee to the last, luiv-ing the .same objects in view, of ascertaiiiinir pra*." tically the state of the evil, andgiving an experi-meiilal answer to the only objection yet made to their view of the ctise. Ihe principal obje,ction lie alluded to was that which urged that all their inquiries had hitherto been confined to theoccurrences iu the metropolis, -and that no inconvenience '.mi been felt elsewhere from the operation of the law. Without meaning to say that this observation' should not have an experimental answer, lit-would simply say lliis-liiat the occurrence> j_ qf the capital, in his apiuiop,-fully fortified the genera^ .argument,, because where executions were rrpij'iieiit and gene.'alj. t,|ie public, -under who.'-ey^ fjiey pass, arebest calculated lo judge of iheir effects, ajid not tliose who, as iu small and distnut parts of the couptry, only occasionally and at reitaote intervals of lime have an opportunity of wji-n'eising, .8U�h. syectaclw.-/[fJear, /leqr.y-What^jJig, pajjjtel-flriy tHe^'crying evit^euce to lee appointed on Ibisr object wus to rr/quire iutu tli^ such enlightened advocates for points almost abaii-duaed by the existing oge, was whimsical enough, but not, as some thought, wholly unaccountable. VVhen establishments became abandoned by the growing Vntelligence of a future age to that in which they originated-when public opinion was brought ably and successfully to bear upon them, Ihe attack upon them, by being general, became so common, that there was neither interest nor honour to be acquired by joining in the attack ; so soine persons changed their route and took a different path to fame, and gratified their passion for singularity in another sort uf manner, they all at once taxed their ingenuity to Rup(iort old o|>inions, old principles, and eld institutions. They (lid this, not for the purpose of disiinguishing themselves from the vulgar, but from the enlightened ; they became the advocates of abuses, because every body else cried out against tbrin. It is true that this course of obliquity was generally taken by persons of second-rate talents. Dr. Puley took it, though in the* first walk of distinction. Indeed they had all perhaps seen another instance of tills strange direclioiti of great powers, ijLthe case of an individual whom he (Sir Jjines) always looked up to with reverence and affection-be meant the late Mr. Windham, and tiie strange and anomalous nature uf some of that great man's opinions were undoutftedly to be traced lo his passion for singularity-lo his desire lo seek distinction by a chivalrous defence of those |.'articnlur principles which had been abandoned by all their former advocates. -fHear.J-The efforts of such individuals often roused the energies of those who differed from them into a more active display of their powers. It was, perhaps, Dr. Paley's work which, more immediately induced the late Sir Samuel Rbmilly lo examine into the state of the crUDinal code. The name of Ilomilly could not be r;-iised by panegyric, or lowered by censure.,- fllenr, hear, Jrom bath sides of the House.J-^AW who knew his name in the whole civibzed world, lui.l aUo heard his great character.-f Hear, hear.J -Thai great man examined ihis question upon somewhat of a new footing. Of all men whom lie (Sir J. Mackintosh) had ever known. Sir Sainnel lloiiiiUy retained in the composition of his iiiiiid the most susceptible, or, if he mii;ht use such an expression, the mo-t shrinking liumauitj'. But thuni;h that exquisite feelinj: belonged lo iiis teinjier, and was an indelible purl uf his character, he, in inuking his iii()uiry intoAlie stale of capital punikbinents, silenced the strong feelings of his nature, and looked at the question abslructed from bis own sensibilities, and with a calm reference to ihe e.Msiiiig state of so-city, and a ilirei-t rejjiird to its general iutfrtsts; he looked at it with a culin consideralioh uf ,what was best calculated to suppress criiile, anil nto*t conducive to the general welfare and safety of the community.- ' Aiid ' llie result of all that c'oi)sideratio'-i and reasoning was this-u (leitioiislrutioit,-'(i�diiced frouf lite Tgenerat prufi-iples uf human:iiatur�, tliat the effect of uiv undue seventy of pituisllment wa* not to render that puiiishmeitt in'ore.eliicaciiiuSf but' to rob it of .its efficacy.,-Wear, /leaf.^-riSxch was hjs rciisouing, and Siicli'liis ciiiiclns)uA,t; There.was till.ilowever, iif soijie' quariers, tiiat species �if distrust, which, before it udarrtip principles,- requires could the complete opportui^ty be found of csia-blishiog, all tbe principles for wliicli he contended. What occurred so rarely iJi distant parts of ;iif? country, was scarcely perceptible on the spot ; but that which passed in such rapid succession iu tu