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British Press (Newspaper) - March 25, 1820, London, Middlesex 4)ftsr which, ijhe4rP�rit.e^�.rt,JW�a�a THE tAST NIGHT OF PERFDJIMI^G VmiU TIUB} � E�STJE^.HOyP4y8. , ' f HEAtKp-ROYAl, paURY-lU^NE. fQH -tpE BfiNeFIT OF MR. RBJSSEtt, (Sldge Ma�Bgsf,). Tm^y EVENING, SATURDAY, Mwrch �s, will be (Krrorined (fint (im� tbit Seuoo] Vaamaht, and FIrlclier's Gemedy of � RULE A WIFE AND HAVE A WIFE. Ipon, Mr.-Keaii (wlio hk� kiaA\y consebtcil to jjirforni for: Ihii Bentfit.)  ailftoia,' Mr*. H, JplibsU^ (fur ihis uigfili only, brfiijr ttrr iirj|t opiieaVanrt in �iiy'i^eg�hiT^ : 111 the course !ttt�|iti on iHTs^ occaiiinii) win sinp, �*SC�t8*,ha hae wi'Vr^Uieeblei)!'' " Is (hwea Hearrthat never tbvedr-^M^ ltoH:lU,;aOomilA3Wsjy.s:::A&AiN.^ at homsJ }Ow,jtI�^ND4r�,.iA!>rU3jl83*^iit tb&Tlwitre Royal li>'iiiSS^'^M8e���A Kiee la.o-Vppei' .(.l9. Among the ��uiy noeel orrani/emciiilj introduceil into this Schemej that which is most interesting of present is THE 1�RELIMlNARy DRAWING Which is to take place on the Iltb of April, when the 2,000 Prizes of 301. will' be decided' by altaciiio|; pil� of tben^ to . rrery tenth JVuntJirer'tbroughout the whole Lottery, without d'ciiliiit; ihelr fate any further, as tboiieTickets tha) may be ihiw euiided to 3(K. and those that are not, will all be drawn in the usual way, on one of Ihe four following J)Bys, viz. THURSDAY, 27ih APRIL, THURSDAY, IStb MAY, THURSDAY, IsfJUlJfE, FRIDAY, 23d JUNE. *�* This i� held out as an inducement to itu^jeAo/s earlg.. Tickets and 8bar^,ve nqw.qF!,Sa)|e at,\^EJ3Bn Taverni'-BlBtropsgale-slfe^t, an Tfanrsday the 'iTth .-tof Afrilf IStO^ bis Royal Highness the Dojce Of York, Pre. ^d�Mr ipJiw-Giiait'. - � � ' ROBERT CROSBV, jSqe. . FIRE. IN GRACECHURCH-STREET. YE and BALNE, Printers, return iheir grateful ackaowieilgments to their Friends and Neigh, hours for their kind and active exertions during the alarm, iiig^ Fire on their premises on Thnrsdoy Evening; anil they also feel particularly obliged to those Gentlemen in Ibe pro. f'cssion who have so liberally tendered their assistance on this unfortunate occaUou. GENERAL �tS^TION. TO THE WORTHY ANJ3|li||fePESDENT ELECTORS OF, W.^a|||P^STER. TaOUGH my O., derable, (be promlste* Tvl yet retnainr unpolled, cad ai bodn. Tke Poll wFRbe � , nd>1ikt�oever maybe the _ have ioife tnydrit jr in havin{^ protniwii ffletiUrdteai^oppbi atidin inving aiFbrded^^ttmple: else that Right at SuflTrvye ^ ifaeae, nreheHd thitma.oy,rf4|i!PGentlemen Freeholders have nut bSen canvassed', or appVird to by the District Committers, beg to apolngiae for such neglrot, and h'>pe it will be ascribed lo the only csiise, nainiety, tile ioronect slate of the Lists. - � The Corotnittee beg leave to return tjieir best thanks to the Freeholders who have already Ayoured Mr. Mellish iviih the promise uf lli�ir support, anil ablicit their early atleiid-anre at (be Poll. ''. ' ' Bishopsgate-atreet, March 24,'i820. District Committee* are sitting in the following places:- London Coffee-hiiuse, Ludgale-bill; Crown Tavern, Cleik-euwell Green; Ship Tavern, ^osbury-plaee; .^tar and Garter, IslingtonC>j-een ; Angel, iau. Strand; Percy Oiffi^e-h0H8e,Rallibu!ie.placei WhileHBrl, Holborn ;Strairord Cof-fee-hou�c,.Oxford-8treet;,Gioucestrr.C"flfee-hiiuse, Piccadilly; Holmes's Hold, Parli�lneut-slre�^; NewExchange Coffee, house. Strand; Golden ,Eagle,= Mile End; Crown and Aiigel, Whilecbapcl; Narrow-strcel, Limehuus*.; 44, Wf II-cloacrsquare ; Alarquia of Wellii�Stan, Shoredilcli ; Green Man, Bethnal-green. ; Don. Sojlero's Tavern, Chelsea; Catherine Wheel, Borough j- aad Cocfc and Lion, Ejst Suiilbfield. nriHE grandest Lottery ey�f kt�o.wii f..- �40,000 Jl additional Prize Moneyov^ncotirneemanl. to early PjjKxJmsera. TJ�e *,t|0�! Tij:k*J�V'^'saKciilBd IJth of April, Ki^t^tliiU to aOI. eaiii,. over �uid.�bo�!e-whatewvr' i'tiee they may Iw-TlO^OBit^l.lftwen- UicludiBi}' F��or of 30,000/; Two pf 20,000/,. T�apf.M;!aByiiei!gl�ill�>.^ Tickeia and: Sliarea for .UiieiTaiiWwiijrbud! Lottery are ac.lljug by EYTON.Stocfc ftrokeB* a�f hia-old and lucky , Oiiiiji'j.a, CurnliUJap.d Lai�lJ�r�l>�l?*e�i-whose all BusinaCT.j ifl' the Pi-.^iic Fonda i� Iransactcii .with fidelity aud dispatch. TRIAL OF Sill FRANCIS BURDETT. LEICESTER ASSIZES, V Thuusd-at, March 23, .ib-iO, THE KINO V. 8lB FRANCIS BUADSTT, As early as seven o'ttodc the people gatbored inconaidera. ble quaiitities before Ihe entrance of the Coart.liou�e> The ' greater partof Ihe cointiany consisted of well-tlrened temales. About half-past seven they were allowed to enter part uf the Hall. 'I'he Cuurt4>aase bas very little convenience for a thronged auditory. The greatest iocporeuience of course prevailed in disposing of the multit.title, wtiich crowded � to. ThrousI) ifae pi^liteness of Mr. Baiqbrjdge, the Vnder-. Sheriff, Ihe gentlemen of the press were accamraedaled with seals nearest the Counsel's table on the Jiorlh tide of the hall. The company, dii>posed in irregular clnatera, having filled every lennbJe situation about Ihe.floor, and lbs different galleries and staircases of the (!uurt, made on a^ipear-anee iincominouly interesting. A more eager and cruwded aaserablaee is selt\pin witoesaed, eveit in the' Metriipiilis. The weather,'with a,very slight exception of atMut two .hourao^.rain, Iia^ bw-o B,|iilj(>rji�l)i�ri,were era-pan iielled and swQrn- Henry Green, Esq. Edward Farnham, Esq. Thomas Wright, Esq. Val. Green, Esq. Jamea Pickering Ord, Esq. John Adams, Esq. John Haycock, Esq. Clement Winstanley, Esq. Henry David Coiman, Eaq. Francis Forrester, Esq. F. W. Wollaslon, Eaq. John Goodacre, Esq. The Court was iulerrupted for a few minutes, while his Lordship received some bills from Ihe Grand Jury, and di>-cbaj geil them from attendance. Mr. Balguay opened the pleadings, and staled that this was an iuformaliou against Sir Fraurii Burdelt, charging him that he, beluga sediliooa and evildisposed person, did publish, or cause lo be published, a certain liliel, purporting to be a letter addressul to a person in AVesIminster, whicb letter wag intended to bring the Government into hatred aod contempt among his Majesty's snhjt-cis, and especially the soldiers ; and lo make it be believed, that Ihe latter had cut down and inluimanly maimed, and so forth, certain of hia Majesty's subjects, said to have hern peaceably and legally assembled at Haucbestrr, an the 16tli of August last. Tlie letter io question was as follows:- Geoileiaea-nOn resdiiif tbe newspapeirt diis roaniilig, having arrived late yeslerday eveniug, I'd,.GraciouBGod! wonten too, disfifui'ed, raaiinoi, cut down, and trampled upon by diagouua!-Is this Encland? This a'Christian land? a land of iVeedum ? Can such things be, ami pass by us like a summer cloud, unheeded? Forbid it every drop of Euglisli bbiud in every vein that does not proclaim its owner bustard ? Will tbe geatleinen of Eiig-laod support or wink at aoch proceedings? They have a great slake in tbe country-Ibey bold great estates, and they are bo.uiid in duty anil in honour to consider them as retaining fees on the part of tbejr country lor upholding its rights aud liberties. Sorely Ihry will at length awake, and fiud they have dutiea to perform besides fattening bullocks and planting cabbages. They never can stand tamely by, as lookers-on, while bloody Neros rip open their mothers' wombs ! They must joi Your most obedient Servaiii, � F. BURDETT. " Kirhy Park, Augutl-n, 1819." Serjeant V.weuAN then rose, in obedience, as he said, to his duly, as Counsel for the Grown, on au information which had been filed by his Majesty's Attorney-General. Consideriui; with whom the grave accusation of the present iuformaliou bad originated, ho was not surprised at Ihe. anxii'iy which the trial hud excited. The first Law Officer uMhc Crou'u had thought Qt lo bring before a Jury, fur an . art uf liigh sedition, a' Gentleman of high fortune, of. ancii'Dt faiiiily, of coiisiijerable political impostaitce, end . one who was at present a candidate for the Kepreseolation of one nf the Chief aud moat popaloits citiea in tbe empire. -*lf tiiB cause he had undertaken had required ingenions Ifgr.i expositiow, or great subtlety of arzument. he would havertgreiled Kia bilj ' argument, be would ^ , , "J? �M Ijeing appointed to coQdnet it in the absence of professional persona of superior talents Bnflu hm inind-he had a straight forward, course la pursue 1 hfr^riiry bad. a plaiii add easy duty )o diacbargie. There' were only two cousiderations. First, was SirF.iBwrdelt lUe authur^f the letter r �eeb*�^,'VMd it 6eii- tl� .aitioo. and uiicousiituiionalchiHiifitwchargeaintbeiurorwaliou? These were the oriy points fi>r.Jlii|t,iur; lo decide. Ai: to i he fir(ii, be supposes tlicre w��M[-,SeiiWo question upon n.- beiween the Ctomti linA tA^t^JM^tal. The iiMlirrs. �uirJ> had before io4lited1lft^^#iHnt it,:i>Da}d m�3t.probaliJyi�ir� any Ironbleiii .j�tiTit5C�taC,IW*�en*. � IfJtg^etsfllllwriiiBiSd-be any iit^timm^Simt^ wri,Ut�|PW!tMP�l^�tKt�Ot>ia be fully piti^l^Atm. t,mi;i�d as the rule of'law respecting the case, aod lie had iijects,aji(] especiitly il!> sohtiers, 11 would be necessary that the allegation should be proved i i each of its bearings, and the Jury oug/itto be salislird ihtt >t did relate ill ti�e manner alleged lo tbe Governini-i:!; the soldiers, and the subjects. As to mplivet. iu ras#a wh ttb^l w'*^ a Letter to tbe Electors of Westminster on the iniusarliuiis at .Manchester on the 16th uf Angual last. Those irii.s. actions were under considrration in another Court ni very instant. Hedid not wish tostart any c.iUiilera! q:te?tiMn. It was nothing to the present case whether I he. iiir� tiiisof M-m-cbeslcr were legal or illegal; but he would taki; the libeii.v lo say that the meeting was absolutely illegal. The ri);Ut of subjects to petition was unquestionable; it was the liiu^-righl of Englishmen; and if any curtailment uf this shoo 1:1 take place, it must be attributed to those nliu^lrd uu exercising it contrary to tbe interests, and In ihe iiaminf-t danger of the existence of olher rights. Suili an fxenise of the right of petitioning threatening the riiihls of liorriy, of property, or of any other natural and coniiuoii tij;tv!s made the assembly so exercising it an illegal assemliSy.- It was not necessary, however, to establish ihnl pn'po-sition on the present occasion. Had Ihe merting brrii legal, and the soldiers committed the woiSt.excesses, it was not for any persons lo write do�it comments before the accused parlii-s should be brought to trial. W i� not Ihe letter a libel on the Goveromeut andsoldiriy? By "shame, grief, and iudignatiun," the author must h.ive ireant that he felt shame aud indignation a;;niii9l Ihe government and its authorities, and grief for the supposed sufferers. Supposing such lo be the author's own tcl-iags, could there be any doubt that it was his iiilfn-tion to awaken Ihe same feelings io Ibuse whom lie addressed? It w.-is possible that lie mighl roisinlcrprrt the Baronet's meaning. He (Sir Francis) defended himself, aud well indeed might lie trust in his own powers of understanding for such a purpose. He would therefore inform tln-m what Ibey ought to considri'as Ihe correct iiiliei�g used by way of rrfleclion on the Giivernm'"iil. Bo-rougbmongering must mean a trading, a buying and nelliug with boraughmonjccrlqg, e^ept by this sopposiiivn ? The petitions of the people must beaddresseil to the Houses of Parliament. What Ci/ meant by the allusion to Parli:i-mentary Reform, but to connect it with boruushmongerin^ ? The imputation of that part of the libel was clearly, that The Gnveroment had obtained a particular degree ni power and influence by trading in boroughs. The Learned Coiintc! prr. sumed that the allusion also lo standing armii-s, iu time uf peace, must be meant lo cast ediunt on Ihe Governmfiil f..r keeping up gjich an army. He did not object to the jealousy of Ihe CoostilMtiou respecting standing nrmies- it was a prevailing and honourable principle uf the Constittitiun. It was by reason of this jealousy that the iMnOny Bill �as obliged to be passed from year lo year, iu tlif mftinier lu which that Act was annnally renewed, Uiii licrf w.s an imputation that Ihe Goveroment had inat matter with the Jury. They were not iben trying the i.ieriii of British soliliers, but he should have euppusrd that their gallantry abroad ought to have shielded them from ruliminy at home. It ralher belonged to cowards than lo such limve men to be cruel. Another passage of Ihe letttT asked, � Is this England?" Jtc. They must all know tlwt an iut.r-rogatory was frequently put as strongly as aik aflirniaiire could possibly be. Tbe inference then woold be, " is not England, but a savage, slavish country, uhere the sun of liberty has for ever set." Again, " can siich'lliiiiifa bf." Jw. What was this but Ihe language uf exciie'meni ? .Suppose the massacre to have been real, with all liie wuuiidioss and other disastrous events reported lo have |;�kcu pl-icf, what would ha�e been their feelings ? Wonl.l ihry not have said, " Upon my word this is more than r.nglisi'men ought to bear." This was obviously exoitinir tbe Hiind. of the persons addressrtl lo oppn.Mtioii to llie UwvFrii-roenl. As to the reproof nf ihe cniHUry ?r vernmeul ? The letter went ou to,dived ilie ulii^ug of a public meeting to inquire into the �ironm-.|.iin;�b Iffore described. No one wouldsay that public mcHiinKs were the proper places for such a discussion. If th� nieetinif^were legal and tbe soldiei-s had committed the vildt-sl anri nio^t brittal excesses, waa there no law to punish tliemj? ConUi they not be procecnied in a legal manner? In snch a casa a man could not be permitted to write down ih-- vyualionsi uf the accused, but was hound himself to turn piiljhc uc-Guser aud prosecute tbe parties. A mcetinK was cilied in consequence of Ihe letter, inflammatory iisul.iiion-i were, passed oa the conduct- of men whic'u o i(;hr m any case to have been aubntiti^il lo a Jiiry to iii icr-mine ita legality. There was nixt a tnijimsiiiou mat the meeting to be called.wuuid be �nbj�rv vo .v^iv>fi)\i-tion ^y military violence. .What wits iltia but in asi^umr u at the country was uoder martial law? DirJ noi iJtis ir�d tu excite sedition? There were only two ways of interpreting it, "Jhe inference must be Ihot aoy person orunnjbfr "f peraoiis, however peaceably.and usefuHy smpjoyrd in ih" callings of ii{;,}�!ere.subject to beiiHermpleil-by Ihetrrtojis, -or else it must mean that which would he much more wirkt ti ltd seditious, tbat the people ought to meet accoidiiig to ;