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  • Publication Name: British And Indian Observer
  • Location: London, Middlesex
  • Pages Available: 124
  • Years Available: 1823 - 1824
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British And Indian Observer (Newspaper) - January 25, 1824, London, Middlesex SUNDAY, f AJSltJAilY 25,18^. TO SAIL IN ALL FEBRUAillf, t^^OR MADRAS DIRECT, TBE G^BTEH^AL PALMEE, 600 Tons, lying at Black-wall, tS. truscoa, Commander. ^Agg^^C^I^ Tmcott, Jerusalem Coffee-house, "or No. 6, �yjl!N0)PtyRt2S are now on BALE, at 147, White-%, di&pd-road: oppioftite the London Hdgpital.-An excel-l�nt�i�oftMeirt�f Tcl-y roperior PIAJTOFORTES, consisting of S^icWve, '((raiiM, *ad t�4er cabinete, in beaudAil rosewood and Spaaish autfaafiaay cases, 6-oc(ave and other sideboard ptano�, inlaid with rosewood, &c. The above are ail warranted, price low for cash, or in exchange for old instruments. Will be gictenged within IgtnohthB if not approved of. RECTIFIED SPERM OIL, 4s. 6d. PER GALLOX.- UPTON and Co. Oilmen and Culour-ipanufactarprs. 64, Qneen-street, Cbeapslde, by a process entirely new, at� euaoled to sell a Spienn CHl'so Ughly rectified, as to etpial intnirltjr Spirits of Wioe. Its flame is equal w brilliaBcy to the best with the superior steadiness of an oil liflM without smell or smoke. So uneouivocal is its excellence, that it will bum beautifully ,io every Vind of Lamp. Other Lamp Oils from 28. 3d. to Ss. 9d. pereaTlon. Linseed Oil, Turpentine, White Lead, &c. and Re-Bnefl Coal Tar Prfntj 15s. per cask, w*ich qnantfty will cover 1000square feet. Anticorrosive and other Paints for e�ey kind of work. N. B. The Rectified Oil can only be had at Upton and Co/s 64, Queen-street, The universal satisfactton it ha&given, makes it necessary to guard the public from having a spurious article im-posed upon thero AN AOCEPTAJBLE PRESENT. rpHE MYRIORAMA, or MANY THOUSAND VIEWS, X 'Desired by Mr. Clark. The Myriorama is a moveable Picture, consisting of NnmenMiB Cards, on which are fragments of Landscapes, neatly coloured, and so ingeniously contrived that any two, or more, placed together, will form a pleasiaz Viewj or, if the whole are put on a table at ooce, will admit of the aBtooisiung number of 20,922,789,888,000 variatious. Thi:i io-geuious production is admirably adapted to excite amongst your^ persons a taste for Drawing; to furnish thera with excellent lut)-jects for Imitation, and to supply an inexhaustible source of amusement. The Cards are fitted up in an elegant box, price 15s. London : Printed for SAMUEL LEIGH, 18, Strand, and sold by all Booksellers and Stationers. /BTRULY INTERESTING MODE lMPAR�Na 1 FOREIGN LA^GUAGES.-Mr. W. atrtHor ef a l�lghly aSSroved French^5rammar, and patronised by NoWoaiwi Semen o7 the biriiest distinction, begs leave to inform Ladies and Gentlemen de3frous of acquirirtg a^eedy ^^J>^^^\f. FOREIGN LANGUAGES, that he has discovered a new and ^;m^'onm^"n^U"^., by w^ich he pledg� hhnsclf to teach pei^ns of either sex to speak \ reach or German in three ithT, to read, translate, and write correctly in twelve le^ .-Apply by letter, post paid, oi personally (Mr. \V, being >mHv rit honie between the hours of one and two) at 128, pei-sons months sons, penemHy rit home between iitraad, opposite Exeter-change ASTHMA, and Difficulty of Breathing.-Thc Nobility, Gentry, and Public in general, are retpectfUly informed, that the Advertiser, bein^ in posKstion of a most valuable Recipe, composed several years since by an eminent Physician, for the cure and relief of the 4bove digressing complaints, he has been induced, at the solicitation of several persons, who have experi-enced its beneficial effects, to ofibr it to public notice, in doing M hich he feels the greatest confidence-the relief afibrded is ap-uarcnf in a few days. Prepared and sold only at W. Dny^ No. 59, Great Queen-street, Lincoln's Inn-fields, two doon West of the Freemasons' Hall. Pints lOi. Quarts I8s. Orders per post immediately attended to. BEARS UREASE. TUST received by the Pallas, Captain Jonea, frotn St. M Pctcrsburgh, a supply of the above Article of the very Finest Quality, which is potted for use, without the least admi\-ture, except a little perfume to keep It sweet. The high estimation this article has long held for making the Hair Grow, renders any remarks from the InH)orter uoneoessary, he will only add, titat this may be dependcdTon as a Genuine Article, and that It k> very pleasant for dressing the hair, making it Beautifully JSoft and Glossy. Sold by the Importer, J. Atkinson, 44, Gerrard-street, Soho-squarc, London; and by appointment, by Mr. Mat-trass, perfumer, 86, Fleet-street; and by most respectable Perfumers in Ijondon. J. A. warrants none Genuine but what has his Signature and Address on the Wrapper round each Pot. Jnst Published, in one vol. 12nio. price 48. with a Portrait, THE CAPTIVITY, SUFFERINGS, and'ESCAPE of JAMES SCURRY, who was detained a Prisoner during ten years, in the Dominions of HydeiiAli and Tippoo Saib. Written $y Uupself. ' No flowery words adorn thisaitlesstale, Here simple truth alone is to be found." London: Published by Henry Fisher, 38, Newgato-street; and Sold by all Booksellers.__ Janimry Ist, was Published, price Is. with an elegao^ortralt of Sir T. Stamford Raffles, F.R. and A.8. No. I. for 1824, of THE IMPERIAL MAGAZINE j Or, CorapendiuDa of Religious, Moral, and Philosophical Knowledge. Con-tainii^.amoog other interesting articles, the following: Memoir ofliir Tbemas Stamford Raffles, F.R. and A.S. Lieutenant-Go-yemo&iif Bencoolen-Eloddatidn of Joshua, r. 12, on the Sun's t>taidfatj;stitl-.AJbisa9H&iitl9aed^Tiie Oameia ObKur%^,0^ I.. aaiIdLi�~rOn the immoral tendency of the Stage-ObsertWiom on the Extent of HnmaB Influence-On English Law-Remarks M Mental AflTections-Thel^lkativeWoinan-Hints to Social Parties -The Benevolent Man-Poetry-Reviews of popular Works, with copious Extracts-Religious, Literary, and scientific Gleanings-Notices of New Books, &c. &c.  Vol. V for 1829, may be had complete, in Boards, price 128. with Twelve Engravings. London : Published at No. 38, Newgate-street;-by Sherwood and Co. Paternoster-row ; Simpkin and Marsliall, Stationer's Hall Court j and by all Booksellers in the United Kingdom and abroad. Floiir, 3,300 quarters of Wh�at, 2,800 quarters of Barley, an-3;aX) quarters of Oats. Thefe was, however, very little alte ration in price from the previbns day, and the Market was as daUas^a Wednesday Market iisually is, but there was no appearance whatever of any giving way on the part of the factors. On Friday was a very busy one, and Graiu a^in advanced, as if purposely to negative tuepri^&eciesof Cobbett,^ and lau^b tp M:orn bis assertions. Th^^^arrivals of Grain were not very large, consisting only of 6,lCtt�aci8 of Flour, 5,700 quarters of Wheat 4,700 qrs. of BarleS.S^qrs. of Oat*; and 850 qrs. of Irish Oats. Tbe samples oTOld Waeai yiTenid liad some very perfect parcels among them, aiid some of these sold at an advance of 2s, oer quarter, fetthiog the high price of 78�., and even in">iome few iostaoces were refused under 868. per quarter, the good parcels of Whoat alae were good sale at an improvement of Is. to 2s. per puartery We consider the Barley trade also to have impnived Is., fine malting frticbing as high as SSs., and GriiidiflK selling at 3Us. to The Oat trade was full as dearas on Monday, PotatoeO-^ selling readily ^t 26s. to 31s., Poland 2l3. to 288., and Feed at 20s. to 26s. Beabs and Peas were steady, with aniuclinatiophowever lo rise, and Flour was verv brisk sale at our quotation! of 608. per Sack for fine, and will very probably go up, if the factors are firm on Monday. The amou it and quantity of Grain sold,^ud the London average price for the weekending Ja^iary 17, was- supply Quantit3s| (iru 11,619 8,085 12,537 323 2,217 1,723 ketou Moui Tigs, inr occasioned sales Araoimt. � �. 3,7298 0 14,'283 1 16,446 10 877 0 4,298 19 3,420 10 Average. � s. d. 3 4 1 13 1 6 2 14 1 18 1 19 0 3 9 3 9 8 was supplied witu^^25 Beasts, dUtfOs, WhtcS%a^'s. p�r stone, and lai^e ones going oU' at o�. to Sab. 6d. i bui the number not being large, they all went otf. The Pork tiadu luis kept vory steady, and the best Oniry-fuJ Porkorv went otf at bi. 4d. per stone. Large Pork was rather bear^, at 4s. lo 4s. i>d, but wu do not think upon the w hole it was cheaper. Ou Friday tl>c Cattle supply consisted of 323 Beasts, wiiich was a larger number tbau usual oa a Friday, 2,920 Sh�ep, lOO Pigs, and 100 Calve*. Beef und�rweot a funbcr decline of 2d. p�r sione: and tho coarser Steers wery vtjry little enquired for, though oflered at 2s. ad. lo 3s. 2d. per stone. Tbe .Muttou sales were also cfletted at a similar reduction, the best VVelheisand Downs od'ercd not obtaining more than 4s. 2d. to 4s. 4d. per stone, and the middle-o^ed Ewes and old Sheep being heavy at 3s. 4d. to 3s. lOd. Veal was steady, the best Calves siill fetching tjs. per stone ; and in tbe Pork sales the price of .Monday was fujiy maintained. In the London Hay Market most things have bad an inclination to look np. At Smithfiefd Hay has averaged 4/. to 5/. 7s. 6d., and Clover 4/. to 61. 6$. Straw lias liKewise advanced, being quoted 1/. it)s. to 11. 8s. At Whitechapel the Market has been pretty steady. Hay may be quoted 3/. 15�. to 5/. 10s., Clover at 4/. to 6/. 5s., and Stnin has been selling at 1/. I5s, to 2/. 4s. .\t St. James's there has been a little advance. Hay has obtained sales at 4/ 5/. 15s., and tho Clover has been selling at 3/. 16s. to 6/. 6s. Straw has likewwe looked up, and fetciied about 1/. 15s. to Ii!s. per load. Paris, Jkh, IS.-IVo Coiiiieiv, dot Eiigfish, iha 6ttxt VitA-montese, arrived yesterday kt ftiria, bril^bg tbt itai^s of the deatkof the King of Sardinia (Victor Enunaaaalj. : . This Prince was born m 1^59, and bore t'be title of D^ef Aosta till 1802, at which period his brother, Charles ^miAttd, abdicated the Crown in his favour. It was in the. paraon of Victor Emmanuel, therefor�, that the restoration took pkc* ia 1814. This Monarch peaceably enjoyed tbe afSectipna cA kit people, when tbe Piedmontese rebellion occurred. I3lct�mltmd to yield no point to the Insurgents, he preferred abdicating, and transferred all rights to his brother, the reigning King, Charles Felix. Victor Emmanuel had two sisters, who married the attgwt brothers of Louis XVi., and one of whom gavo birth lo the Duke of Angouleme. This Monarch has left four Princesses, sprung from his marriage with an Archduchess of Austria. The second has married the Infant Don Louis of Bourboa, hereditary Prince of Lucca. The Prince of Carignaa, having been iq-formed of the death of his Majesty, could not go yesterday to a brilliant fete which was given in his honour 6y one of the Gena-rals of the army of Spain, at which a gceat number of Generals belonging to that army were present. A failure of some extant is announced iu tlie letter* of Saturday fnom Paris to have taken place in that market. In cooaeqUance of extensive speculations for a fall in the Freuch Fuads, and also in most of the foreign Securities current there. As the person who has failed is known to conduct the operations for a titimbar of persons in Loiidon, it is supposed the losses satined will b'k sensibly fqlt on thsi side the Channel. The following AsiptKuucatioa ha& been rceeired at'I4oyd'a^>-"BouRUSAUX, JA1^13.-Sir, the following infi9fans�ien has been communicated ^ its from the best authority, and'irt&y be relied on as official, vii.,'^at the French Gov^ment have decided upon indemnifying the MerchanU for tbe losses that have been sustained by the captures of the Spanish privateers "during the late war, not only the amounts iusured in France, but also those in England, amounting together to ei^bt millions of francs, ot which five millions were insi^ed in trance, and three ill England. We are, &dC, '� CUTLER and WILSON, Agents to Lloyd's. " To John Bennett, Esq. Secretary to Lloyd's." coujvmr markets. wiiliout,spects of the Greeks, as founded upon the disunion of tb� Turks respecting the mode of operation against thtiui. Tbe Divan having, after a discussion of nearly a month's duration, resolved upon sending the Grand Vixi�r against tbe Greeks, armed with full powers by tbe Sultau, had caused their decision to be made known through private channels, not daring to do so publicly until they had useurtained tha state of yublic feclmg, ou account of the great objection which the Tiirlu have to the Grand Vizier's qnitting the capital, and which arises from a superstitious notion that such a step is only justified by a state of extreme peril. The comtiiunication bad, it appears, met with tbe most decided objections, and the Janissaries had even proceeded to outrai;e. It was therefore imngiaed that the iutotuion would be abandoned. A nipture bad taken place at the date of these accounts between the Swedish Charge d'Affairos and the Turkish Ministry, in consequence of claims made by him for the restitution of some Swedish ships seized by the order of the To te in the Bospborus. The Swedish Charge d'Affaires had quitted Constantinople for Stockholm, in disgu;>t, and threaten-iug retalliation in the uanio of his Sovereign. Lord Straugford had been in high favour, but it was on the decline. Up to the 3d of December be had almost daily audiences of tlie Vizier, and was not uafrequently sent for by the Sullun himself, who consulted him on various matters, and is said to have deplored bis inability, from the ignorance wnd prejudices of his subjects, to pnt an end to the cruel warfare which was infiieling such outrages on humanity. Accounts of new atrocities in Macedonia had reached the Sultau. There waa a report current in Paris on Saturday afternoon, that the Spanish Government, determined not to relinquish tbe Colonies, without every possible etfort to preserve those valuable possessionr, had determined on the expedient of an appeal to the Allied Powers, wtCh~the view of procuring the discussion of its claims at a Congress to be assembled in Paris. It was said that the Colonial Minister at Madrid had actually prepared and transmitted memorials on the sobject to the ditfenmt Courts, in which was set forth the right of Spam to the assistamre of the respective Powers, and the probabilities of success. Commercial letters from Aleppo announce, that the Pcrs'ums are again in motion. It seeou certain that tbe Porte is uoeasy because the ratification of the Treaty of Peace, ou the pnrt of Persia, has not yet been received. T01.08a, Jan. 11.-A great calamity menaces Guipuscon and Alava. It is genet ally known that the iron mines which these provinces abound with, and the produce of which was shipped to different parts of our South American possessions, furnished employment to a great part of the population ; but owing to tlie emancipHtion of our Colonies, the masters of these works have given notice to tho numerous persons employed in them, thui circumstances require they should be discharged. Tliey write from Pampelnna, that the French troops who are there in garrison are obliged to be continually on their guard, since, several days past, a number of miliUry ha\-e been amu-linated by the Spaniards. earnestly cautioiied against Bleeding ----------------- . wv-� .---------- or Cuppingi because, in many instances, it reduces the potioit to a native of Lancashire, and that he deaerted from the 86ih regi- yance of 2i. per quarter, the quotation being 60s. to 68s. Barley such a state of Weakness and^ Debility, as to render the Cure mwX. in April last, when that corps was stationed in Dublin. He likewise gone oflf at an improvement of 2s. to 2s. fid.; the still more diORcult, and also subjects him to a rekipse. Far- further states, that during the period he was quartered in DuU'm, price of some Malting Barley being 35t. Beans and Peas hare ther Particulars may he known,^and^ Refbrenccs had^^ by ap- p^jj his addresses, and was married to Catherine Fitzgerald, ^^.q in very good demand, at 42s. to 50s., and Oats have ad- -   -------'^ - '---- ----J--J murdered.-Dublin iimi 1 �,i iiv.uiiii9 iiiaj irc ikiiunii, ld at 27a., and Wbitefaced ditto, at averaging about 5s. 8d. to 7a. 4d. ner stone, the Ew� were Sto?ar&s. to 6s. 4d. per stone. iSer. were m CatUe stone, number 'S.�^bHeu^e?*IJrr^lSte�7p^^ mv^iglS'or^^rart'ful pretence or other Into a lonelypl��, r,^;^'G',ii^.,ket/of which-the �id^ 7.. per Av^e (GratU) till lo7n theM^X ^ ^ ^'tcre he soon fcU a victim to a set of wretches, who mii^dered infct^or were miii at46a. tafc. A cooBdeiabfc n - �,., � ...^^ ___-- l�lw> to secure the property he had about Mm, and subseqoentiy of tbeae were bought up by the Olaagov fleskerf. r.*^.9?^^^i?^ ^ THE WORLD. fl,ng bis hat into tbe Float, to avert f08picion.-C/SiUu� J^bsgow^numWof lat Cattle brought into the Market -|>ld a 7.. per stone. sh^J up'^ry^Tirp;^^^^^^^^^^ IhLlivedin thencighboarhood,th5^ the pAsoner had taken a iJI^^Sn^ than the� l^ing^^^^^^^^ to give the Macassar Oil renewed publicity, as t main many individuals who arc unacquainted with'ils unparal-----o-----�--------, . , - , , . . , .w, ^-- ^ leled efficacy. It is the most important specific for the growth tered the apartment, releas�d her, and took him into custody. { f^u�d fetched 26s. to 278. and preservation of the human hair hitherto bveuted. It restores He was remanded by the Magistrates for a further examination, in redundancy the tresses ravaged tnm the head of beanty by fe- The woman, it appears, was more frightened than hurt.-Exeter ver, anxiety,' or accouchement; and in all cases, frwn whatso> Paper. ever cause vising, where this graceful ornament into decay. FOREIO/r IXTELLJGEJVTE. PRIVATE CORRESPONDENCE. Paris, Jan. 14.-Yesterday, the Duke of San Curios, Spanish Ambassador at this Court, notilied to M. Chateanbriatid, a second time, the oflicial demand of the Government of Spain, for the mediation of that of Prance, between her and her colonies. This renewed application, which was first made in a less pressing manner about ten days ago, must appear very extraordinary, coming so iiiinrjdiately after after the publication of the famous Te Deujn, and monk-restoring decree, which has by this time been imKirted in ull the journals of Europe. A better example probably could not be afforded of the wisdom and cou�iB-tency which preside at the councils of Ferdinand. On the first demand of mediation, Mr. Canning had been applied to for the consent of Eni^laud -and, if we can place any relinnce on the rumoured answers of Prince Polignac from London, tbe Right Honourable .Secretary is not averse to some project uf tiie kind. The French Mini�try therefore persist in lueir desire to see a Congress assembled to decide on this important question, -and viewing the hite decree as of no validity, they are not disposetl to allow its publication to stand in their way. Ia order that they may be enabled to advocate the cause ot Spain with more effect, th'.*y intend to use their influence at Madrid to ob-Uiin from the mother country an open avowal of a more liberal principle respecting America. Freedom of comiiierce with the colonies must be granted as a preliminary. Guilleminot will embark at the cud of the month at Toulon for Constantinople. It appean ttiat Belluno will not go^to Vienna, and that the French Government will have only a Charge d'Affaires at the Court of Vienna for some time. This Charge d'Atfaires (M. de Marcelhisj will accompany the Emperor 00 his Italian tonr in the approaching spring. Von already have heard that Met-temich la no fovonrite at present with either the French or tbe Rnasian Cabiaeta. Tbe modest Charge d'AHkires is therefore tfaoogfat a fitter agent for receiving bis advances than the proud Ambassador. A Letter from Odessa, dated Dec. 23., states, that the Sultan had made a formal request to England to mediate between him and the Greeks, and that Lord Strangford continued to eiifoy much influence in Constantinople, nutwithstiindiBg the conduct of Great Britain towards tbe Tunisians, who are the faithful allies of the Turkish Government. Paris, Jan. 20.-A private letter from Rio de Janeiro, dated the 25th of November, contains the following intelligenee:-A despatch from Comte de Sabserra to Comte de Rio Major, pab-lished here, indnces ns to think that tbe King of Portugal persists believing that Brazil does not desire to be separated fi-om the operates as an infallible specific. In short, Rowlsmd's Macassar Oil has successfully passed the ordeal of public aminioa as an invaluable composition, powerfully nourishing the hair in its latent progress, and sustaining it in healthy vigour, mau^e dinie or climate, on its attainment of matHrity. To detail its manifpld vir-tues, and enumerate the testunonials of its proved superioritv over THE LOJVDOJV MARKETS. On Monday the Grain Market was a brisk ipoitatioos for tbe ipreeeduif wefk wero ; ters of Wheat, 10,267 quarter* of Barley, one, tfie im-8,421 quBT-923 qnartars ua nil the of MaJt, 14,�61 quarters Of Oats, 20,622 qunrtersof Beans, pag�of.a volume, .Experience better than de.n^i.^";?,1 ^^^^^^t^^'^^i'^ll'.^^:^^^ Lnt of fnll 88. per quarter, .and Kent and E�x KewJWhIte Wheat was quoted at ()8s. to /6s., New ditto at 58s. to 78s., and Red at 48s. to 72s, Suffolk and Norfolk White Wheat sold at 60s. to 748., and Red ditto Ms. to 71s,, Norlh Coontrv Wheal wa8Quotedat48�. to668., and Irish 4Sb. to 59b. At die above all other preparations profbsing siimlar results, would flII the pages of a voluoiet Experience better than descriptfon will confirm the facts stated beyond the power of envy, detraction, or incredulitr to invalidate. These are the usual assailants of meritorious discovery, but Rowland's Macassar Oil firmly sustains itB portion of exalted fan^e, and it is only necessary to guard the public against unpsiralleled venders, who, conscious or the impossibility of fair riyalship, resort to fraud, and obtrude on the unwary a surreptitiods article of injurious tendency, as tbe reaJ Macassar Oil. To prevent such impositions, ask for " Rowland's Macassar Oil," and strictly to observe that none are genuine witliont the litUe book inside tiie wrapper; and the label b shmed on the out-side, ui red, " A. RowlaSjTand Son." The prices are 3s. 6d., 78., 10s. 6d., and Sis. per bottle. All other prices are impositions. The genuine has the address on the label, "No. ao, HattonGarden." Also red wWskeis, grey whiskers, eye-brows, hair on the head, effectually chaued to brown or bhtck, by the use of RQW-LAND^-feteMCE OF TYRE. By lierlly wettinj^the hair, it udme^otely produces a perfect change. Price 48., 7s. 6d., and les. 6d. perlhottie. Sold by the sole Proprietors, A. Rowlltnd and Son, No. Hattofrgarden, Holborn, London j aad by appointment by mort Perfumers. quoted s-------- prices Grain met ready sale, and tbe Cwsomers Mpear-ed to thtaik tbe chance of a redoctfoo verv. distant. Barley also sold well, tbe bestmaltina parcels fetGhui237a., aad the in-ferior 32s. to Sds. Grinding IKuioy wasceaduy uken at 368. to 31s. The Oat trade was better than on the preceding Market by Is. per quarter, lincoinsbbe Potatoe Oats fetch^ 27s. to aOe., Yorkshire ditto 86s. to SOs., Scotch Sa, te 91s., and Irish SSs. to 87s., Lincolnslare Poland Oats wene 80b. to 88a., and Yorkshire ditto 21s. to 888., Liacolashire C:ecd OaH were nod sale at 20s. to 258., Yorkshire ditto at ISis. to 2Ss., Scotch at 20a. to 268., and Irish 198. to 238., which prices tbeyAdly in^vlslned throwFtiout the day. In B�n9 aad Peas th^ wasvd attefatioa in piSe, HoftPea>��old28b. to S7., Maple Grey 9�. to aSa^ White Peas^ toS8a., and BMleisSes. to 48l. The price* of Floor did not vary, tbe finest Flour was 6Ua. per sack, wd Seconds 50s. to 5^ On Wednesday tbe arrivals to that period were 3,400Saclu of A letter from Leghorn, dated Jaaoaiy the 3d, states that a great victory had been gained by the Viceroy of Egypt over the Rebels of Shandhi, on the spot where his son was last year destroyed by treaaon. Siztbooand priamwrs and the fiamily of the Molech of Shaoddi had falies into the power of the Viceroy. The neatest enconunma are beitowed ui this communication upon the adighteaed foBef of the Viceroy, Mehmed All, who nres every encouragement to fod^gnexs to settle in ^^y^where they eidoy aQ tbe privileges of liatim. 'The KingofSpwua aaidto bare written alatter to the Emperor Alexander^e Emperor ot Anstria, the Kusg of Pnusia, andthe Kio^ of England, stadag that as it had pinaed Providence to reinstate him on the throne of Spun, he begied of the above Po^era ig assist him in r^almog hb South American posaefwona; which he had inherited from his fose&therf: and adding Oat the BrariUans had already demooctrated a wish to return to th^ le- fitinuue Sover^gn, and that it would be dangeroos to all tii^ overs of Europe to encourage R^nUican principles. Private letters flopm Paria ncdved on fii^ atate, that the Freodi Ambaaaador at Madrid had reqaestednrduiaod to pro-ceedto Patia to meet the Allied Sorer^ms in Ckmgreas; uid that harimg referred thia request to hia CoaocU diey had njected the inritathm, oa tbe gronnd that Inaprearace a>Bkl not he spaced m depreaent dia^actcd atat^ the oonntry. Roin amrivate le^r xeedred from Paria, w� leant that the poBtics ofQsgland'and the United ^ates have gauied an ascend-dancT in the French Cabinet, over those of Alexander, notwitb-atanding all the efforts and dinners of M. Pozzo di Botgo. LETTKR. T. In mj last Ixsttar t OMteftroured to point oet to your readon the f raak aufmeatatioo which haa taken place in tliteiio'il}�hr)F dtaftftmeal of Rasala, since the time of Peter I. ud of Cttittt^ laxi the measure* which hate been adopted hj Akxaoder to canrj into executioo fba ambitious plaos of his ^wnmooL lo this Letter it is my intention to point oat another, and by nu means leas formidable cause which ought lo fix the attention of the whole of Europe to the dai^^. which threaten them from the North i and that is the regular and steady course of the Rui&iaa Govenunent ia the partuit and attaiOttietit of the political views of domioi^a and eonquest. It most sarprise erery inOBlli^at p^on, to consider how Ritota, which at the he^ltig of the 18th century was a barbarous and unciTilixed Asiatic Goremmedt, could possibly, imhe course of 80 or 90 years, become one of the most eoaahierahie European Power*, and, without doabt,the ttioit xtedrfte-goyemmeot of the world. 11 l.^otorio�s that when Peter I. as6e0d�d the throrfe, the nation was involved ia igaoranoe and barl^arism; and it is towards the latter part of lii* reign that we perceive the first estdhlidtmeot ofIhose ioititutiofis which in so short space of time hareraised his empire to its present political iraportance? * Before Peter, the protection of the state was confined to the militia of the Strelttz, a �peci*s of jAuissarles, and like them turbulent and unbeariag. Peter, in abolishiii* them, ealablished a fegalar body of infantry amounting to 100,000 men, (rained and disciplined after the manner of the foreign nations, whom hfe had visited in his traveN. With thu infantry Peter also laid the foundation of the Russian navy, by establishing forty fine of battle ships, and four hiindred galley*, with a nursery of officers for his land as well as for his aea forces, by the institution of two acadeitiies of cadets, la which all the noble families were obliged to send at least one of their children. Catharine raised this infantry to 300,000 men ; she increased the number of cadets for the army to se\-ea hundred, and that of the naval academy to six hundred. To these she added a third academy for 460 young men, destined for the corps of the engineers and artillery, and a fourth institution in which two hundred more youths were taught most of the modem languages to be employed in her service, either as officers or interpreters. Alexander has given a further improvement to this plan, by the establishment of the military catiei, which I meotioned in my last letter. By these means Russia now possesses a most imposing miti^ tary force, sufficient to execute almost any design of invasion or conquest. Indeed, from the time of Peter I., the poiit'.cal plans of the Russian government in regard to these two points of ambition, seem to have suffered no alteration. Some of your readers, 1 presume, are well acquainted with all the manoeuvres employed by that prince to spread the limiln of hiserapire towards the East, and obtain possession of the whole Western coast of the Caspian Sea, and of Azof 011 the Euxine, and how by the means of a canal of coiiunu-nication between the Don and the Volga, he opened a new road to the commerce of his nation on the Caspian, and in Persia through the Black Sea. This commerce till that time had been in our hands, havbg been established there by Captain Elton, at first under the auspices and protection of the Engliri) factory at Petersburgh, and afterwards under the sanction of Parliament. Irritated at tli further commerce on the Caspian, and at the death of the Nadir, tho whole property of the English was pillinicil. and Elton himself was killed in a fight; and thus the nhoW-commerce on the Caspian fell mto the hands of the Riis-sians, who still continued to hold the possession of the es-tablisbmeats both on that sea and the Euxine. To these possessions, by the treaty of 1774, Catharine II. added Tangarok, or Tangaroog, stipulating al the name time for the free navigation of the Black Sea, and the independence of Crimea. This treaty, which was a mere subterfuge to collect a large fleet on that tea, soon enabled her to lay down the mask,, for in less than trn year* the whole of that country became a province of Ruuia, together with the island of Tamar, and the whole of Cuban; and she would have also taken posscsjiun of the whole of Turkey in Europe, and removed tlie seat of her empire to Constantinople, if the other powers of Europe, awakened to their danger by the warning voice of Mr. Pitt, had not compelled her Imperial Majesty to si.'n, with apparent good grace, but inward reluctance, the peace of Yassy. By this peace, the limits of Russia were fixed on the .\iester, the tranquillity of (he department of Caucasus was promised, and the right of the principal towns ofWal-lacfaiaaod Mohlavia were confirmed. 11 is now ia virtne ofthisckiuse that Alexander has endeavoured to give an appearance of fairness to his pretensions against Turkey ; whilst, in reality, the effective cause of all the squabble has been the long planned and long wished for possesdiou of Constantinople, which the Czars have had so much at heart since the time of Peter 1. or at least the entire and sole commerce of the Euxiae exclusively secured to the Russian flag. In both these attempts he has now failed b) the interposition of this country, through the indefatigable exertions of Lord Strangford. If some of your readers should be bold enough to deny my assertion, 1 beg leave to call to their recollection the  - �--1 ^^/.k rtf ratharine. made to our Arabassrulor, in mother country; imd the recent conduct of the Emperor himself renders hia attachment to the cause of Brazilian independence doubtful. Since the last changes in this colony, tranqaillity bas been mncb disturbed; and we wait with anxiety iuteiiigence from tbe other provinces." (From the Journal de* DebaU.) ViEMMA, Jan. 9.-The persona who desire the re-establishinent of order in tbe Eaat, and of a general peace, will hear with pleasure that the fears entertained as to the deetsioojjf the Divan, and the note of the Reis E^di, relative to Mbldaria and tVaUa-chla, hare entirely disappeared. New* from Constantinople, which may be regarded as certain, as it comeS from peraooa of importance, sayi, that tbe Austrian Internuncio baa had another conference with the Rds Effendl, in wbich he completely succeeded in tranqoSfizing that Minister, and the Divan, teli^ve to the AuBshm army Which is in PodoHa and Volhynta, and iiitbe adjace.nt Prodnees. What baa most eontribhtra to this end, b, that a part of the Rmtaian troops whiefa occupied Bessarabia hitherto, a province near to Turkish Moldavia, has been sent into other proyineea Auther from the Turkish frontiers. It is also aaid, that Baron d'Ottenfels bas been charged to nufke a tommu-vSealoa to the Porte, relative to the ftitnre destinadopr whidh wiA be satisfactory to it. Howevnr this be, aeonSiig to tjds'fe* roorabte news, an offidal note to the 'Ftaddah Cal^iS may sopa be looked for, which will make known die otder tsi>mtiiaisSMe& tif tbe Pacha of ^listria to withdraw alt the Tottjsb tiao^ffb^ thd two prind|paiaie�. In this manner the prind]^ obiCscle to tbe re-establishment of harmony between Rua^ and^^hn^ey- #ill be removed. ironical speech of Catharine, made Lord Whitworth, at the time when the great success she had obtained against the Tucks had rendered her less can -tious in concealing the full extent of her ambitious plans: which, however, were perfectly known to our Government and fully appreciated by our Ministers. " Fulsque M. Pitt," said she," rent me chasser de Peterbourgh jespere qu'il me pjermettra de nae retirer a Constaotiuoplc." Fortunately, Ml. Pitt did not give her such permission, and the oiisn-powers of Europe listening to his advice, enabled that greal man to point out to them the way how to employ the resourcea of the country to check the ambitious and gi^mtic atridea of the Czarine. If from the Sooth and East we turn our atteotion to the North, we shall fiod the same thirst for invasion and the same plaos of amhitioo. Peter I. began to take from Swe dea the provinces of Livonia, In^ria, Finland, and a great part of ^edish Pomeraoia, and Catharioe added to them Curlaodl^, Sdmigidlia, the chvle of l*illen, whilst a few yeans belbre, by the in&iH�m partitioa of Poland, she had acqnired the erestest portioa of that fine country with two millioaa of itmabitants. '^heae fieU dearly esbibliah my posifibnihat the Russian enipire, in rt^ard tb encroaichment md* conquest has not lariated frora^sBd still pantaes the anhitloas riews which formed the basis of thft politijaLsystem, both of Peter and Catbarme, and which under aaparent show of moderation sfUl |iiide fte cooflcibaim m: (Jdhtthcl of Alexander s ;