Brisbane Telegraph in Brisbane, Queensland
5 Jun 1944

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Brisbane Telegraph in Brisbane, Queensland
5 Jun 1944

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Brisbane Telegraph (Newspaper) - June 5, 1944, Brisbane, Queensland National Library of Australia i perfection f i men shirts and Collar Are i Ujj laundered to perfection fullers i the better dry cleaners few i and men s launder fees g k phone Ann and Duncan ,. I bs211, streets. Valley. 9 b8893. City depot 9 r Ascot Chambers g Rome Falls to allies Alexander driving past City after huns p London june 4 Aap Rome is now in Allied hands. Allied forces which entered the italian capital this afternoon completed the mopping up of the City at 9.15 pm Rome time according to a Mes Sage flashed from Rome to America. Fifth army tanks and infantry liberated Rome after fighting German rearguard to the Edge of the ancient forum says the associated press. ,.l Allied forces Are driving past Rome leaving behind Only sufficient troops to mop up enemy snipers states the British United press correspondent at Allied Headquarters in Italy. According to the american United press. Americans who entered the City at 6.40 am met furious resistance in a workers settlement District. A German news agg Jicy correspondent Walter Plata says thai 1 the tiber West of Rome tonight became the new front line. Berlin radio quoting a German High command report states thai the germans in the coastal sector have withdrawn to the tiber according to plan and undisturbed by Allied fierce delaying fight the Reuters correspondent with the fifth Arpin says the germans staged a fierce rearguard action to delay the Allied entry to Rome while their troops withdrew. American troops first approached 4tw suburbs of Rome on. Highway is which enters the capital it the East says the British United welcomed them with Sowers and the germans with shells. People began to come out of cellars As the first cars and jeeps appeared. They were at first a artious. But later became bolder and proffered wine and roses. The Welcome was interrupted from time to time by bursts from German snipers. While the Battle was still raging n the outskirts of Rome the fifth army commander lieutenant uen Cral Clark visited the scene and conferred with senior officers reports the Exchange Telegraph company. A bbl representative broadcast fog from within the City limits said Rome is open for the allies to enter. Explosions Are occurring inside the City. The italians Are welcoming us but our promenade is not peaceful. The italians say the germans entered their Homes and took every Allied fighter bombers have so far destroyed at least 600 vehicles in German military columns fleeing North of the capital,1 says the associated press correspondent at Allied Headquarters. Between Sod and 750 american heavy bombers have struck at rail Way targets on both sides of the French italian Frontier in an at tempt to Saver the two main Ger Man controlled lines across the French alps.3hg., of Lanu Vio five Miles West of Velletri on saturday says a correspondent of the times provided the americans with the key which unlocked the whole of the German defence line before Rome. The germans had prepared de fences in depth across the Broad open Valley to the East and Between the Hills and the sea to the West but in the Centre they relied on Vel Letri and.nuvio As Strong Points. Once the americans had slipped through this screen they found nothing to Check them. The line had been turned from the Centre. The allies supported by an almost overwhelming artillery bar rage continue to Deal ceaseless Sledge Hammer blows against our positions around Rome says a German High command report. An important position on mount Cavo was lost after the Garrison had been surrounded by Allied forces. Fresh Allied tank packs which have been hurled into the Valmon tone sector Are at present rolling Forward in a North Easterly direction Kesselring has been forced to use his Reserve of anti tank units against the Allied drive which has been halted on a line formed by Zagarolo. Palestrina and Cave. The germans have been suffering physical hardships which can hardly he imagined under the con Stant rain of Allied artillery Bat teries and Day and night air bomb Allied forces linked eighth army forces who linked up with the fifth army on saturday have joined in the Pursuit says the British United press correspondent at Allied Headquarters. These columns which were responsible for the capture of Cave and Salatri Are now striking North Ward along secondary roads leading to Tivoli and Marsoli. Genera juin s French troops also made a firm Junction with the fifth army when they captured Colle. Ferro. New zealand troops have pro Gressed along the Lin Valley beyond Ora and Are now eight Miles East of Salatri i the eighth army s Advance North m Highway six is being slowed up by mines extensive demolitions and Large numbers of snipers. The daily express in a Leader says our drive in Italy constitutes a great portent because it has Heen achieved by lie most mixed armies which the untied nations have Ever sent into halite. Together these britons Ameri cans canadians new sealanders. Indians French and poles have forced the strongest positions the germans have Ever held. Rivalries which have been a source of weakness in All pest Allied armies Are a great part of the strength of this the Reuters correspondent at Allied Headquarters says that the aim Tiu a Tiju Iii Aveai ii cuu Iii Best prospects for years. An Allied control commissioner said the crop will be a monumental one unless blight interferes an indication of the chaotic state of tie whole italian rail and Road system As the result of Allied bombing is that the germans arc sending ship convoys Down Tho West const of Italy even in Day Light. On saturday two Small convoys composed of a boats lighters schooners and barges one going North and the Oiler South were attacked by hurricanes escorted by French spitfires in the leghorn Piombino Wren with Rome in our hands Allied forces now control the whole of the area to the East of the italian capital below Highway six and to the South extending along the coast to the tiber. Stop press v Washington message says thai president Roosevelt will speak for 13 minutes tomorrow morning Austral Luu time on the full of Rome. Four bombers and three fighters did not return on sunday from attack son Uio Boulogne area and Aerodromes and railways round Paris i bbl unwittingly helped false invasion report Telegraph special and Aap. New York. May 4 ii is now revealed thai the bbl unwittingly helped to support the false report thai an invasion had started which electrified millions of americans on Satur Day afternoon. When a London associated press Tel typist s practice invasion announcement was accidentally transmitted and flashed Over 400 radio stations in America monitors of major radio networks and news papers tuned in to inc bbl for confirmation they and thousands of excited americans heard the announcer discussing military opera Linns in which the phrase across the Channel was repeatedly used. Only those who heard the introduction of the programme realised that it was a tribute by the bbl to the Dunkirk Herns most radio stations Here report thai their Telephone switchboard was jammed. Prayer meetings then broke up in confusion members streaming out of the meeting Hall to heir radios. In Buenos Aires a leading news paper la Nacion sounded its Siren the second time it has made Tho same mistake. Tho false report was flashed throughout South America. Tie London office of the associated press commenting on the sending of the erroneous report to new York explains that an in experienced girl Telegraph operator practising on a disconnected Tele Printer punching keyboard inadvertently sent the practice message on the direct Channel connecting the London and new York offices. The associated press has a censor in the London editorial office but the message clearly was not submitted to the censor. The premature announcement could not ave reached Australia from London As All outward messages Are scrutinised by the censor in the Cable and wireless office. Withdrew nazis say London june 4 Aap Hitler has or dered the withdrawal of German troops to the North West of Rome to prevent the destruction of the this was stated in a special com Munique from Hitler s Headquarters issued by the German news Agency after Midnight. The struggle in Italy will continue with unshakable determination. Aiming to break enemy attacks and Force final Victory for Germany and her the German news Agency also quoted a special German High com Mand announcement that the Ger Man commander Kesselring had submitted proposals to the Vatican with a request that they should be conveyed to the Allied High com Mand. The proposals were that the belligerents recognise Home is an open City. That the limits of the open City shall run from san Paolo South Liflet of hib a lev. In Piazza Mae Gore then to the tiber Bend past the Western tip of Vatican City then to Ponte Suplizio and East Ward to the tiber Bank to san Paolo. The German High command undertook to keep no military installations or troops within the con fines of tie open cily and would not carry out troop movements within Rome. No destruction would be carried out inside the area of the open City and stores and Tho Supply of goods would be placed at the disposal of the civilian population. Big fires started in Jap Pacific bases Washington june 4 Aap a new series of raids ranging from the Carolines in the South Pacific to the Buriles North East of Japan is re ported in the latest Navy communique. Navy Venturas bombed Shufu Shu and Para Ushiro. In the Buriles before Dawn on june 2, starting two Large fires. At Shu Mushu anti air Craft fire was moderate says Tho communique. Army liberators without opposition bombed Matsuwa Island before Dawn on june 2. All the planes returned. Army liberators before Dawn on june 3 dropped 41 tons of bombs on Truk atoll storage areas and run ways. Several Large fires and explosions were observed. Anti air Craft fire was meagre. Two enemy fighters attempted interception but did no damage. Army Mitchells and Navy Ven Turas bombed Nauru Island on june 2, hitting anti aircraft batteries and starting fires. Anti aircraft fire was moderate. Army Mitchells bombed Ponape on june 1, hitting the. Airfield hangars and adjacent buildings. Navy Venturas and hellcats and Marine corps daunt Lesses and Cor Sairs attacked the remaining objectives in tie marshalls on May 31 and june i and 2, strafing and bombing anti aircraft batteries coastal guns runways. And Barracks. Anti aircraft fire generally was meagre. Rome from the air an Aerial View of Rome now in Allied hands j showing the via Dei Trionfi and in the background the ancient colosseum and the Constantine Arch. Nazi claims on Russia Are refuted London june 4 Aap in Dae face of the Ever increasing russian resistance German and rumanian troops on saturday extended their successes of Friday in the area North of Jassy. The germans wrested two More dominating Heights from the russians and now hold a Ridge overlooking All enemy movements to a great depth this was the version Given by the German commentator von Hammer of the latest fighting on the Jassy Battlefront but the Moscow correspondent of the British United press on sunday evening declared that the russians despite repeated Ger Man Large scale tank and infantry attacks were still holding positions North West and North of Jassy. Tank reinforcements had been rushed up by the germans but Many tanks had been knocked out and the Ger mans were suffering heavy casual ties Moscow radio said the germans North West and North of Jassy on saturday were unable to shake an Inch of Progress. The red army had launched a number of Success Ful counter attacks. Eight Jap raiders downed Over Biak a fighter screen of Raaf Kitt Hawks shot Down without loss eight of 20 japanese raiders Over Biak on saturday morning. Enemy aircraft were fighter bombers attack ing the beachhead and shipping. The ack ack barrage claimed a ninth at the weekend the japanese lost for certain 24 planes from reinforce ments moved into bases in Western dutch new Guinea. Six others probably were lost. Another 10 enemy planes were shot Down Over Truk in the Caro lines. 1 biggest air Success was Over Babo on Mccluer Gulf where lightnings clashed with 20 zeros on saturday eleven Jap. Fighters were destroyed and four others probably for the loss of one lightning. Bostons swept Over enemy Aerodromes in Geel Vink Bay the same Day. Four and possibly six parked planes were blown up on Wansiki aerodrome and several other grounded planes suffered a similar Fate at Kamuri on Noem foor Island american ground forces on Biak Island Are facing stiff opposition in their Advance West on High ground North of Bosnick and Man Dom. Thoy Are rapidly Clearing enemy troops from ridges despite difficult terrain. Japanese casualties since the Start of the Hollandia a tape and Wake operations now total 5,619. To this figure must be added scores of enemy dead being found abandoned on Inland trails victims of starvation and disease. One of the fiercest air Battles yet recorded in the Carolines developed in a raid by admiralty has cd liberators on Dublon Island Truk on Friday morning. The unescorted heavy bombers were set upon by 30 enemy interceptors they fought their Way out shooting Down 10 and probably three More of their attackers. All the liberators regained base although 10 of them were damaged. Three men were killed and four wounded. Thirty six ions of explosive dropped on Dublon Island started huge fires covering an entire Block in the Centre of the town. Usa socialists1 presidential Lead new York. June 4 Aap a message from Reading. Pennsylvania states that or Norman Thomas has been nominated unanimously As socialist candidate for the presi Dency for the fifth time at the socialist party s National Conven Tion. Official results in Burma Are satisfactory Kandy june 4 Aap South East Asia command in an official review of the Burma Campaign since the be ginning of 1944, states results so far can be regarded with satisfaction though not with complacency. Our overwhelming air superiority in Burma and the absence of any Challenge at sea have been Power Ful factors in our favour. Allied troops met the japanese with the Scales fairly balanced. The decisive defeat inflicted on the japanese in a akan last february the steady and very Success Ful Advance of stil Well s forces in the North the daring exploits of the airborne Chin dits and finally the extremely bloody nose Given the enemy in Nis main thrust towards Assam All proved that in equipment training Tough Ness and endurance the Allied sol Diers Are More than a match for the japanese. Drain on japs to the japanese Burma shows signs of becoming a dangerous run Ning sore draining away. Men and supplies whose reinforcement and replacement will grow costlier and More difficult As Allied pressure is referring to last week s operations the review adds that despite the Monsoon land and air fighting continued with Lite Slacken my in Assam and elsewhere in Burma. Film of invasion being prepared London. June 4 Early sequences of a film which will eventually Tell the Story of the forthcoming euro Pean Campaign just As desert Vic tory and tunisian Victory told How the germans were driven from Africa Are already being taken by camera men of the army Public relations department. These photographers move in restrict edly Over the whole Battle area and being service personnel can photograph anything irrespective of Security. Pictures of Security importance Are held against the Day when they can be released. New Cabinet London. June 4 Aap general Nuri is said prime minister of Iraq has resigned because of ill health and has gone to Palestine for treat ment. Hamdi fac Hachi the 60-year-old president of the chamber of deputies has formed a Cabinet . Communique North Western sector Ambrina. Our heavy units at night bombed Liang aerodrome causing explosions and starting Large fires in dispersal areas. North Eastern sector dutch new Guinea. Tilka our medium units in a fore noon attack dropped 20 tons of explosives on the aerodrome and nearby villages. Bab o our fighters intercepted 20 enemy planes shooting Down 11 definite and four probable for the loss of one plane. Geel Vink Bay our attack planes bombed and strafed Wansiki Aero drome destroying four parked planes with two others probably. Others of our attack planes destroyed several parked planes Kamiri on Noem foor Island. At Sabire our fighters destroyed a fuel Laden Barge. Biak our ground forces Are advancing slowly to the West Over most difficult terrain on the High ground North of Bosanek and Mandom. Our attack planes operated in support. Twenty enemy fighters attempted to dive bomb our beachhead and shipping were intercepted by our air patrols who shot Down eight of the enemy. Our anti aircraft de fences destroyed a ninth. Sari Maffin patrol clashes have Cost the enemy a further 72 killed bringing his aggregate known losses to 1,534. Our heavy units dropped More than 60 tons on enemy positions at Sari and the Orai River while medium units bombed and strafed at Maffin Bay. Hollandia Ait pc our ground Pat Rols report an additional 269 enemy killed bringing total known enemy dead and prisoners to 4,085. Of these 590 Are prisoners. Japy additional abandoned enemy dead of1 starvation and disease have been found on the trails. Our Light naval units shelled enemy artillery positions along the coast West of but. British new Guinea. Weak Hansa coast our medium units and attack planes bombed and strafed bivouac and Supply areas at Dagda. Weak and Kai Piru Island with Over 50 tons of explosives. Air patrols along the coast bombed targets at Hansa Bay. New Ireland. Our Solomons medium units at tacking Nam Tanai caused fires and explosions. Air patrols har Assed Kavi eng and bombed enemy Shore defences to the sooth East. Light naval units at night shelled enemy positions. New Britain. Rabaul following night harassing attacks our Solomons based medium and Light bombers dropped 32 tons on Tobera defences and Supply areas at Vunak Anau and no Dup Bougainville. Elements of our ground forces have occupied the Jaba River Mouth 12 Miles South East of Sorokina without opposition. Extensive enemy fortifications were found abandoned. Our air patrols and fighter bombers struck Buka and Kara Aerodromes and miscellaneous targets along the coastlines. Caroline islands. Truk our admiralty based heavy units at midday dropped 36 tons of explosives on the township and fuel storage area at Dublon is land. Explosions followed by Large fires resulted. Thirty enemy planes unsuccessfully attempting to break our formation lost 10 shot Down and three probable. All of our planes returned though 1 several were damaged. Repeated raids on Boulogne London june 4 Aap flying fortress Sand liberators today for the first time since they have been operating from British bases flew out three times in one Day to attack German defences near the French coast. Gale Ila Sltes tie Channel " London june 4 Aap a South Westerly wind at half Gale Force today lashed the Straits of Dover into great White crested Waves. Heavy rolling broken Clouds covered the ally and visibility was Only up to 15 Miles. The wind in the evening moderated somewhat but there were still White capped Breakers and rain Clouds gathering at neg Nuttall after a further drop in the Baro meter. In the morning Ana. Afternoon they to gilded military installations in the Boulogne area and then flew Over this even ing for the third assault. The Thunder of their engines was heard for 15 minutes As they crossed Over London. The Tail gunner of one flying fortress which was among those bombing the Boulogne area this morning said that his bomber had turned for Home before the first anti aircraft fire appeared. He did not see one enemy fighter. Spitfire bombers and fighters of the Raf second tactical air Force j and of the air defence of Britain joined forces this afternoon to attack enemy radio installations along the j coast of Northern France says the air ministry. More links in the enemy s radio Chain were put out of i action. More than 250 marauders this i afternoon participated in the at tack on a Highway Bridge at Courcelles sur Seine 40 Miles North West of Paris. One Pilot said that his bombs sent one 200-feet Section of the Bridge which was about a Quarter of the entire Structure tumbling into the Seine. Another Pilot said that escorting Irner planes were Sno Oung routers All Over the Thunderbolt and Mustang fighter bombers this afternoon attacked Bridges railway Yards trains and communications in Northern France. Thunderbolts attacked two Bridges. Across the Seine at Rouen and also the railway it Ceil Crepy and other Paihr f the Oise. Valley. Mustangs swept South of Paris and bombed and strafed a railway Junction. Paris radio announced that Allied bombers this afternoon again. At tacked Rouen and Nantes and that considerable damage was caused at Rouen. It also stated that several formations of Allied bombers raided the Southern and South Eastern parts of Paris this afternoon and additional Waves of Allied planes this evening attacked Versailles. Berlin radio declared that 20 British and american fighters of Friday made repeated attempts to attack a German Channel Island base and claimed to have shot Down five. Yugoslavs aided # the Raf is continuing to step up its backing to yugoslav partisans writes a British official wireless correspondent in Italy. Heavy bombers yesterday attacked two enemy troop concentrations on the coast near split and bombed other enemy forces inside split itself while another troop concentration � at Omus South of split was also hit. Only flak met the bombers. Baltimore of the desert air Force also covered the harbours shipping i. At both places. The coastal air i Force was also Active Over Yugo i Slavia. Spitfires destroyed locomotives and goods waggons Between sin North j East of split and knit sin was mentioned in marshal i Tito s communique of june 2 As a place towards which the partisans 1 were advancing. \ after sinking two schooners other t spitfires attacked a Convoy of 50 j vehicles near knit and set 12 on i fire. On the Mostar Sarajevo railway six locomotives were destroyed. " ,. Bombers course London. June 4 Aap a new method of plotting the course of Allied bombers by blazing their Trail along the ground was tried by the Ger mans for the first time when rap heavies roared across France to blast the trapped rail Yards on Friday night. An australian Halifax Pilot. Pilot officer t. W. Henderson of Perth told the press association aeronautical correspondent that an the bombers passed Dve Rhyad big Oblong patches of Light about the size of a Cricket pitch flashed out from below tracing the path of the bombers. A Stream of Oblanis appeared at regular intervals. The Pilot said As for As i could make out the enemy was trying to use the flashes to show his fighters our ,. I. Kill. A Germany s Oil heavily Cut British official wireless. Lof Don june 4 Cie Many synthetic on production has been seriously curtailed by the recent bombing of eight factories deep in the heart of the Reich which produce approximately 50 percent of All German synthetic Oil. These factories had a High position As targets for Long Range bombers of the United states strategic air forces. In Europe because of the vital nature of Oil for military uses. Since heavy bombers from the Mediterranean have been striking repeatedly at the oilfields at Plo Esti in Rumania and the russian armies Are in Rumania and drawing closer to Plesti synthetic Oil has assumed an even higher position of importance though it was always High in German Economy. Much damage All the eight factories suffered considerable damage in attacks which took place principally on three Days May 12, 28, and 29. The machinery necessary to operate a synthetic Oil refinery is so hard to produce and so complicated that experts say it takes approximately two years to baud such a Plant from the ground up. Making Oil out of Coal and shale is a refining process that requires Many Steps there Are separate plants for distillation Cor ionisation compression conversion catalysis and purification. There Are. Injector plants Contact oven houses water and Gas plants Gas generators and other specialised equipment. Big fires started such material is scarce in War time Germany. Also found in such factories Are Large numbers of storage tanks and Drums both for Oil and Gas. Photographs taken during and after the bombing runs on these factories show that Large fires and explosions broke out almost immediately and in some instances the smoke billowed to tremendous Heights. Later photographic reconnaissance showed that bomb blasts fires and explosions caused heavy damage. Quads births Rise in Britain London May 4 Aap the daily mail states that five sets of quadruplets have been born in England during the last 12 months or More than double inc usual statistics during the past 100 years place the incidence of quadruplets at one in every 375,000 births. Births in England and Wales Dur ing 1943 totalled 682,000 so that the incidence of quadruplets has More than doubled. Triplets Are normally born once in every 8,000 confinements but that rate has been greatly exceeded Dur ing the last two years. A gynaecological expert stated quadruplets Are so rare that it is impossible to compile statistical Evi Dence on their causes but we do know that they Are nearly always born to women More than 30 years of the expert added contributory factors to the increase in multiple births May be the balanced wartime diet the strenuous open air life that fathers Are leading and expert Ante Natal attendance. Quadruplets which have just been born to mrs Edith Robinson wife of an Raf aircraft Man Are being kept in separate cots with Glass Cano pies in a uniform temperature. They Are being bottle fed with human milk. Fraser in mid East Cairo june 4 Aap the prime minister of new zealand or Fraser has arrived by air from Italy he will have discus Sions with British and Allied authorities in the Middle Bast and will make a Complete inspection of new zealand units based in the Mediterranean theatre. A Joni women of feet Wawa ". ,ui80l 00 j Zzz a secy cf23 t by zjv38. 2 " l Fitl o ii 5 s i n e c i so Rachel f j Peche it hawaiian Tan cassimere not Pef face powder cb2 we pay highest prices for old ooh and diamonds discarded jewellery Wallace Bishop s Kinc Corci Square. Brisbane i

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