Brisbane Telegraph in Brisbane, Queensland
3 Jun 1944

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Brisbane Telegraph in Brisbane, Queensland
3 Jun 1944

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Brisbane Telegraph (Newspaper) - June 3, 1944, Brisbane, Queensland National Library of Australia j suggestion i a acc Jour Money f Iii Liy buying 1 i War Anil make a i your clog Gunst longer with dyeing 3 j dry cleaning or laundering by j fullers i the better dry cleaners b and men s launderers g phone Ann and Duncan b b8211, streets. Valley. H. B8893. City depot h Ascot Chambers. 0 big air link up with Russia f shuttle raids i fresh terror -5 for Germany it London june 2 Aap Allied planes on raids Over Ger Riany and the Balkans now land at secret bases in Russia and Fly Back Home with new loads to drop on Hitler s factories. These operations Mark the first Large scale collaboration of British russian and american air. Forces said major general John Dearie of the american military Mission to Russia. This shuttle bombing makes All Germany s Eastern Industrial facilities it has been announced in Moscow that american heavy bombers and Long Range fighters after raid ing targets in Eastern Europe today landed at specially built american air bases in Russia. Moscow radio states that Large forces of american bombers with fighter escort this morning attacked military objectives in Rumania and that some bombers landed at bases on soviet territory. One bomber and one fighter Are missing. Tho shuttle operation was one of the Best kept secrets of lie War. Elaborate preparations and negotiations went on for Many months before shuttle bombing across the Russo German front was made possible. A number of american bases have been established in Russia and now All Are ready Down to the last spare part for servicing refuelling and re arming american bombers. An agreement regarding shuttle bombing was reached at the Moscow conference last october said major general Dean following the planes arrival. For months american and rus Sian soldiers have been working to prepare the bases where the bombers added. There was n Brief and Happy Celebration before the bombers were serviced for another Call on the Axis on their return trip to Home bases in England Italy or Africa. Photographic reconnaissance for some time has been made along the various possible shuttle bombing routes the first of which was made by colonel Paul Cullen. High ranking american air Force officers recently visiting american air bases in Russia include major general Anderson the Deputy commanding officer of the United states strategic air Force in eng land his chief of staff brigadier general Curtis and also president Roosevelt s second son colonel Elliott Roosevelt a special announcement Over Moscow radio states the red army s Westward Advance has brought the area of operations within Range of the British and american strategic air forces an order to ensure that the efforts of the combined air forces shall be concentrate on targets of the greatest importance for the United nations direct Contact has been established Between the respective staffs. The Reuters Moscow representative writes Hitler and his generals today face new and perplexing problems As a result of the shuttle bombing instituted on the eve of the great invasion from the West. It immediately does two things 1 it makes vulnerable All the Industrial facilities in Eastern Ger Many and Eastern Europe 2 it compels the redistribution of German fighter offences. A new and powerful blow has been struck at the German War machine. It is a. Perfect example of British russian and american military co operation and it is the first of its kind apart from Convoy the new York times Washington correspondent says that the use of russian bases for shuttle bombing has aroused great inter est in United states military circles since it has raised the speculative problem of the future use of siberian bases against Japan. However All official suggestions in the past have indicated that the Western allies arc not desirous of drawing Russia into the Pacific War at this stage because the rus Sian undivided efforts against the nazis Are so effective. N. France heavily hit an american attack on the Pas de Calais today was the greatest bomber operation Ever staged against that Region. Marauders and havoc escorted by thunderbolts attacked military tar gets on the. Coast of Northern France this evening while Thunderbolt fighter bombers attacked railway lines near Arras two railway Bridges Over the Seine at Rouen vehicular Bridges nearby and a fuel dump at do front. Formations of fortresses and liberators escorted by Mustangs lightnings and thunderbolts at tacked a variety of military targets West and South West of Paris including the railway Junction and railway Ridge at Jnnny Faloni seau and railway junctions it jul by and a cliches. There was no enemy fighter opposition but flak was experienced Over some targets. Seven bombs Are missing. It is officially stated that very Strinni of rpm of in item it Narva Fly ing fortresses and liberators escorted by medium sized forces of thunderbolts lightnings and mus tangs earlier today attacked German military installations in the fas de Calais area. The press association representative estimates that from 750 to 1,001 heavy bombers and up to 500 fighters participated. Fighters fighter bombers and rocket firing planes combed the roads of North France and the Low countries today in search of Ger Man motor transport vehicles says the air ministry news service. Spitfires and typhoons had Dirac Fly hit a number of military lorries when a German Stafl car carrying two officers arrived. The car and its occupants disintegrated under a Hail of Cannon and machine gun fire from the fighters As i Rcv dived to the attack from Irce lop level. Huge Usa plane output Washington june 2 the United states had produced More than 175,000 planes in three years president Roosevelt told ills press conference. In the first 91 Days of this year 4,400 planes had been sent to the allies. Between March 11, 19-11, when the lend lease act was gassed and april 1, 1944, More than 83,000 planes were sent to the fight ing forces of other United nations. The allies of Tho United states paid Cash for 7,000 Planas and the remainder came under lend lease. Stop press according to the Berlin correspondent of a Nice Holm newspaper have fortified the Fra Tico pc Smith Frontier and Newhold Psi Ona in the pyrenees. Golf Lynnum stableford Londi. Sup won by ii. Ora is 33. Golf. Ftp Cora Handicap v. i. C Mackenzie f. L. Bonney it3 Down associates is holes stroke miss i a Tbleby 2571 Winner. Ilal Lailan Park fifth div Jap Init Droy Alid 2, metallic 3. All sir Rcd. 5 soccer final score i Myca. 7 � Bun Damba 3 Melbourne football Essen Don 17/14 v. Geelong 11/14 Footscray 8/15 v. Flt Rny 8/10 Carlton 16/12 v Klc Jumond 1-1/s Collingwood 10/13 v Hawthorn 8/9 St. Kilda 13/8 v. Do club 10/13 North Milb. 10/13 v. South Mcalli. 10/12 Sydney football cult Timi scores Rugby league Newtown 11 St George 7 wests 5 v baling in 2 Canterbury .10 v easts 3 norths 8 1 South 5. Union St George 13 v Rand Wick 6 Dru Moyne 3 v easts 3 Manly nil v norths nil Gordon 13 i Paramatta a was s id v University g australian rules South Sydney 51 1 23 Raaf 54 v easts 46 soccer souths 4 v norths 1. Toowoomba races 5th division Handicap Etc Anore Power i a cd Pax. 2, Nalla Spear 3. Dive 11/0. 12/ and 5/. I or Curt in now in Washington Washington. Juno 2 Aap state department and army officials with or Beasley sir Owen Dixon Lieut. General sir la crack and or Barnard met or Curtin on his arrival Here from Ottawa. Or Curtin who is feeling tired after his strenuous travelling will spend Tho weekend resting at Tho australian legation before engaging in a series of important conferences. Buriles air Field bombed Washington june 2 Aap a Pacific Fleet communique Stales thai Venturas bombed Shi Musqui in the Buriles before Dawn Ori wednesday. Several fires were started in the Vicinity of the Airfield. Ack ack was moderate. All of our planes Laurae. How Long will they last interest in ration honks and ends today was Universal. Caught Liy the camera while inspecting their new food and clothing coupons arc sir in pcs re nor right and or Duncan pct son and below miss Terry can Penn left and mrs if Jacobs. Nazis enter russian positions London Juno 2 Aap the russians North Wost and North of Onssy in Runnin repelled Strong German infantry and tank attacks says a Moscow communique. Tie germans North Wisl of Onssy no the co is of heavy losses made slight penetration of russian positions Twenty. Five German tanks were destroyed during the Day. Smashed germans falling Bach on borne i nazi line in Italy broken London june 2 Aap the germans Are retreating j to Rome following the collapse of their elaborately prepared j Val Montone Velletri line reports the British United press correspondent at Naples. The Campaign South of Rome is rapidly drawing to a close he says and the Battle for Rome if there is to be a Battle is about to begin. The Battle is progressing non Stop with British and american infantry and tanks entering gaps ripped in the defences and thrusting towards the App Ian Way below Lake Albano. Doors and windows in Rome arc slinking from the vibration of the approaching bottle reports the British United press. Rome radio has been silent since 6 pm today. It failed even " to give. Its usual 8 pm news bulletin Retreat Cut off the capture of Val Montone at the Eastern end of the Alban Hills ends Hopes which the germans May have had of reopening Highway six As a line of Retreat for the remnants of their forces retreating before the eighth army. The number of germans trapped following the cutting of Highway six so far is not known. Those escaping must now Retreat to the Appe nines along roundabout secondary roads. Eighteen Miles Down the Road from Val Montone the eighth army Lias occupied Ferettino and farther East has cup turd Veroli five Miles North of Frosinoni. Back on the Sara sector on one of the two German secondary escape routes new zealand tanks and infantry have taken the town of Campoli. The germans withdrew their main forces from vol Lutri More than 48 hours Ngo when it be came that Ulicy were surrounded from three sides and in danger of being Cut off says the National broadcasting. Corporation correspondent in Naples. They left Only rearguard units in lie own. Sniping opposition from houses in Vollo Tri held up our infantry and tanks were summoned to their assistance before americans were Able to obtain Complete control. Apr Iran in Phi also Rusno Snible for the capture of Lariano Midway Between Velletri and Val Montone. More withdrawals Axis sources earlier reported further German withdrawals before powerful Allied attacks. After emphasising the violence of Allied attacks the German news Agency commentator Praegner stated that Kesselring had fallen Back still further in Iho Alban Hills. The withdrawal was made with out interference after the germans had warded off Large scale attacks lie said. It was disclosed tonight that the american first armoured division is fighting with the fifth army. This division is commanded by major general Ernest j. Harmon. Churchill tanks manned by British Crews helped the canadians who broke through the Adolph Hitler line last week. It is the first time that infantry tanks of this Type have been mentioned As being in action in Italy. A tribute has been paid to the second polish corps fighting in Italy. In a message to their com Mander loess who commands the eighth army said the achievement of the polish corps ranked among the greatest successes of he eighth army. General a Csc said it is my wish that the soldiers of the Palish corps should Wear the crusader badge of the eighth army on their sleeves As a special sign of the honourable place they hold in that what allies have gained in 3 weeks in three weeks Allied forces in Italy have smashed from the Cas sino area to within a few Miles of Rome on which the germans Are falling Back. Preparing to feed continent new York june 2 Aat the House of representatives appropriations committee revealed today that the army expects to have a Strong enough foothold on the european Conti nent Between july and december to need 562milllon dollars to feed clothe and maintain Liber ated civilian populations during the next six months. Instancing the need in some countries for Aid it was Dis closed that at present nine out of every ten babies born in Greece die. The committee gave Blanket approval to the lend a Csc administration and lie United nations Relief and rehabilitation administration for appropriations recommending the full amounts requested namely land least 3,450,570,000 dollars Urra 150million dollars. Foreign economic administration appropriation was reduced by 1,381,000 to 10,500,000 dollars. Tic largest loud lease item is 2,69finilllloii dollars for food. Fighting spirit of Britain s Little ships British official wireless the magnificent fighting spirit of the officers and men in the Light coastal a orcs is exemplified by the Story of a recent attack on a Small enemy Convoy close to the heavily defended Harbour of Cherbourg. An admiralty communique re porting the action slated that British ships under the command of lieutenant j. D. Dixon. A nor torpedoed a medium enemy Supply ship and left it enveloped in flames sol an armed trawler on fire and heavily damaged another. All the British ships my timed safely to Harbour the communique added having suffered a email number of casualties and superficial damage what was not stated was that before the Little ships went into at tack with torpedoes lieutenant Dixon and All others on the Bridge with him were wounded by enemy gunfire. Disregarding the enemy gunfire part of his Force went in to attack a Large Supply ship. Dixon who was wounded in both thighs fired his torpedoes. Asho turned away a Sheet of flame leapt from the fore Castle of the enemy Supply ship. As another of the Force disengaged soon afterwards the vessel was silhouetted by a second heavy explosion and was seen to list to Star Board. Dixon with his unit of coastal Force Craft then engaged iwo armed trawlers in turn setting one on fire and silencing her guns and scoring Many hits on Tho other. As my ship disengaged a Large Supply snip was seen to be a mass of flames from Stem to Stern nil one of the trawlers was also in trouble he said. Meanwhile two other ships of the attacking Force opened heavy and accurate fire on the Supply ship from Point thank Range obtaining Many further hits. Shore batteries joined in but their fire was in effective american attack again on Blak is. The reinforced american invaders Oil Biak Island off dutch new Guinea Are attacking again. They have started a drive to Clear japanese de fenders from ridges dominating the coastal Road leading to the three airfields. They forced Htway to the top of a Ridge half Way Between the Beach head and the airfields on thursday. Mapping up operations Are now proceeding. Our troops hold Strong Points along the coastal Road As far As Lokmer Village. They have to Clear japanese from the line of ridges running parallel to the Road to safeguard their flank before assault ing the airfields these japanese Are entrenched in wooded terrain on Cliffs and bitter hand to hand fighting can be expected to Clear them from their Foxholes. The americans got astride the top of the Ridge on thursday North of Bdl and Mindom villages this sector is four Miles from Lokmer Village. Supporting liberators dropped More than 80 tons of bombs along the Ridge and in the aerodrome area on thursday. Mitchells also at tacked enemy targets including gun positions. Allied fighters patrolled the area without meeting any enemy planes. Air activity enemy air activity Over Biak was limited to Light air raids on wednesday night. One enemy bomber was shot Down and probably another from a forma Tion of five raiders by accurate anti aircraft fire. The rest turned Tail without dropping their bombs. Later five bombs apparently from three More planes dropped harm Lessly near the americans Beach head. First sign of enemy Barge traffic near Biak since the invasion was the sighting of three Craft 10 Miles to the East on wednesday. An Allied destroyer Kiyik Alt three barges drowning 2o japanese. It is not Clear whether these troops were escaping from the Island or attempting to reach it from another base. # a Boston attack on Geel Vink boy on thursday was concentrated on runs ill aerodrome. Bombing and strafing runs destroyed buildings several parked planes and started Large fires. Est rating lightnings had no opposition. Ground situation remains Static in the Surmi Maffin area. 200 Miles cast hut Mitchell Bostons and thunderbolts strafed armoured vehicles and bombed big ounces and supplies. Jap ambush thirty japanese ambushed an Allied Carrier line near the Drinis mor River. 20 Miles South East of ail non on wednesday morning. The japanese attacked with machine guns rifles and mortars. In this clash and another patrol action nine americans and six natives were killed. Two enemy dead were counted. Nazis Cut own Throat London. Juno 2 Aap the germans murdered women and children in vol Lutri South East of Rome and thereby Cut their own throats because Allied forces entered vol Lutri with the assistance of enraged italians who had seen their Kinsfolk killed. I his is reported by the daily express correspondent at Velletri. Women and children evacuated the top and. Took shelter in the Hills but when the War rolled up the slopes they tried to Cross Highway seven to gain the safety of the Allied lines. Survivors say that the germans machine gunned them be cause these refugees were cluttering up the escape Highway which they had to Cross or because the Ger mans feared they would give the allies. Useful information. ? North Western sector to Nishar islands our medium units at Dawn bombed and strafed installations and Small Craft at Carat silencing gun positions. North Eastern sector dutch new Guinea. Geel Vink Bay our escorted attack planes struck Wansiki aerodrome destroying buildings several parked planes and starting Large fires. There was no interception. Biak Island our ground forces Ere increasing pressure on the enemy s defensive positions along the Ridge North of idl nil Mindom. Our heavy and medium air units dropped Over 80 tons of bombs along the Ridge and in the Aero drome area. Five enemy bombers attempting n night raid were driven off by anti aircraft fire with one shot Down and another probable. Later five bombs apparently from three planes dropped harmlessly near our beachhead. There was no enemy air activity during the Day. Surmi muffin our medium units bombed enemy bivouac and Supply areas while fighters strafed trans port lines. Further East toward Hollandia attack planes harassed villages along the coast. British new Guinea. A conk Honsa const patrol clashes occurred along the Dri Numor River 20 Miles South East of Ait pc. Fighter bombers attacked enemy positions at Suain Planta Tion. Our medium units and at tack planes bombed and strafed Supply areas at weak and occupied villages South of Dagda. Starting fires. Our patrols bombed Sun nov denote at Hansa Bay and targets along the sepik River. At Dogu Mur Bay our naval units bombarded an offshore Island. New Ireland. Our Mirau and Solomons based air patrols bombed Kavi eng and Medina. Further South medium units bombed a Alrik damaging a jetty and starting fires. Along the West coast our naval units damaged three armoured barges despite fire from Shore batteries and an attack by an enemy float plane. New Britain. Rith Nul our Solomons based medium units and fighter bombers in morning attacks struck vehicle concentrations a Barge depot at Vulcan defence and Supply areas at and Tulili Bay. Fifty four tons of explosives caused Large fires and explosions. We lost one plane. Air patrols attacked minor targets in the area. Bougainville. Our air patrols damaged three barges bombed gun positions and attacked coastal targets of Opportunity. Caroline islands. Our admiralty based air patrols harassed Wolean plus wat and a Tawny at night. A Solomons reconnaissance unit shot Down an enemy bomber. Rail towns new target in Balkans London june 2 Aap new targets in the Balkans mostly key railway towns were visited by american Italy based heavy bombers to Day. A Fleet of 51 11 to 7511 heavy imm hers with escorting fielders today attacked the transylvanian railway Yards of clog and Sint Crin states tile Reuters representative it Allied Hend quarters in Italy other targets included the three hungarian centres of Mickolsz nok and Szeged. marauders and Baltimore s on thursday attacked an important Convoy North of Crete. They set on fire four ships Ami damaged two merchantmen and two escorts besides other vessels. They shot Down two air escorts. Big May tonnages american nor forces in Europe operating from bases in the United kingdom and Italy during May dropped More than 63.000 tons of bombs on in gels in Germany occupied countries and the Balkan Stales a total of 1,208 enemy pianos was destroyed in the air for the loss of 4r1 heavy bombers and 235 fighters. The attacks which worn carried nut practically daily during May. Covered aircraft factories Oil plants railway Yards Aerodromes and Shin Yards and also targets ahead of the fifth army in Italy i German fatten i prisoners i before release London june 2 Aap the germans have resorted to fattening up of prisoners of War before they i leave German prison Camps i according to a Large number of 1 recently repatriated Allied and 1 Dominion prisoners who Dis embarked at Alexandria. 1 these repatriated men said e that two or three weeks be i fore they Werc released they were taken to a special show i Camp where they were Given excellent food and Accomma i Dation. I a German officer delivered a i Farewell address Hod asked i them to make known in their Home countries the Good treat i mint they had conditions in the Ordinary i Camps were far below Stan Dard said the cx-pris9ners. In a special Camp russian and 1 italian prisoners wore dying in hundreds from malnutrition and overwork. British prison i ers gave them what they i could spare from red Cross i parcels. Japs close to Changsha chunking june 2 Aap the chinese Central news. Agency reports that the japanese have driven to within 12 Miles of Changsha capital of the Rice bowl area. The associated press correspond ent says that the japanese striking along the Milo River captured two Strong Points East of change so and North East of Changsha while to the West the japanese seized Ansing and were driving South near Han show where they were stopped. This places the enemy 22 Miles East of Changten. The chinese stopped the third major prong it Kwh Lei 40 Miles North of Changsha. The chinese army spokesman major general Tseng said that the enemy strategy is to apply More pressure on China As the allies in crease their pressure on Japan in the Pacific. He pointed out that the Japan Ese termed 1944 the decisive year and As the allies move nearer to Japan lie invaders probably seek n decisive outcome in China where they believe ,111c filial Battle of the War must be fought eventually. Tim. To Susa food Oneto us t Ondon Juno 2 Aap Britain had received 4jmll lion tons of lend lease food since the first food ship reached the United kingdom three years ago said the food minister colonel Llewellin there had been a steady flow of 30,000 tons a week. Colonel Llewellin said that in three years Britain received from the United states More than half a million tens of canned meat and canned fish More than 400.000 tons of canned milk More than 300,000 toys of dried fruit 150,000 tons of dried eggs 150,000 tons of dried milk and More than half a million tons of lard. The dominions have a dec great efforts to maintain the flow of meat Dairy produce and other foods which we have still to import he said. The dominions arc also Bear ing a Large share of the responsibility for feeding american armies in the Pacific so we must look across the Atlantic for much of the Frozen meat we. Should have obtained from Australia and new zealand. Our supplies from the United states from the beginning of 1944 have reached 2milion tons. We have provided one third of the supplies and equipment can forces t capstan 1 the Empire s l _ Favourite cigarette it s your fight your Money is needed note. Pm buy Ings certificates and 4111111 a a. 5/ National savings Stamps. Full Vlf of 1 i1 1 " a 1,1 a Viv to Iii i mls h Visi Beaudesert i _ 1 Bushman s carnival 1 ""1 Juns 12th a b 111 Aid red Cross . 3 i Tok i Tietia j Royal purple Para i an australian product attempt to seize Tito nazis fail London june 2 Aap it is revealed that German paratroops supported by glider borne. Infantry swooped Down against marshal Tito s bosnian Headquarters on May 25 in an attempt to capture the yugoslav Jar Titan Leader states the associated press correspondent at Bari. Tito however escaped into the mountains with the majority of the Allied officers attached to his staff including Captain Randolph Chur chill. Rommel whose whereabouts have been shrouded in mystery for weeks past personally directed the attack. The germans Caf tured a Reuters correspondent named Talbot and two unnamed photographers during tits Early in the morning dive bombed the Headquarters a which were then situated in a Grotto near drava 70 Miles North of split. The airborne attack then followed. Coordinated attack paratroopers and gliders joined in the coordinated attack the germans launching a powerful seven pronged ground assault in which tanks led the Way. Bitter fighting ranged Over a wide area. Heights and. Other Vantage Points 1 changed hands several times. Junkers transports in addition to gliders poured in More rms Ancl Field artillery in the afternoon at night and throughout Friday. The partisans regained much ground on thursday night when flares flashes and mortar bursts dotted the Battlefield the germans in the daytime on Friday succeeded in pushing an armoured column into drava and captured the important Airport of Petrovay 14 Miles North and bombed several partisan towns in the1 Vicinity. The correspondent said. Wilh drawing into the Minaric. Alps where. The partisans know every Goat track. Marshal Tito and his staff were gone one hour be a the first enemy troops reached a stronghold in the Ravine from which marshal Tito had been direct ing partisan operations for the last

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