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Bloomington Post (Newspaper) - May 4, 1838, Bloomington, Indiana SBBK NOTBm« wjDox MHUfr mm wom bt aMiOfir»;vol.. 3.BLOOmKeTOM, FRlHAIf III AY 4, 1838. TERMS. Two dollnrs in advaiior, two fifty in six montJis and t'.iree at ihe rnd oftlie year. - No paper will bo discontiimeti until all arrearages arc I aid up. f;:^AvERTiSEME\Ts o( ten lines or less, will be published three weeks for one dollar, and 25 cents for each additional insertion. All advertisements must lie marked with the number of insertions, or they will be inserted till forbid and c.'iarged accordingly. Tlje CASH must in variably accompany advertisements froiu a distance or t^ioy wiil not receive attention. Ai! letters and cniri'iiiinicarions addressed to the ediioi- must be free of posiapo. Ko variation whatever iu (. d be expected froMi these terms. LIST OF AGENTS. Tiie followi!!^ f^ontir'iiinn are requested and authorized to act a.-; ;ii;enis; to reccive Subscriptions, Job Work, \d v orii.Hi;i;i \ c. ami receipt ibr the same. Thiimas C. Jiiii\so\, r, la. 11. il. Tmi'jor, ;\li,l (iiovT, la. Samuf.l II. iSr.ivth, i.'o\vliii:;;;reoii (rA.MAI.IEt. i\I/7.7.SArs, i i.i .\ , i !. Wm. Ilnnoi), E:-(!. ("oluini us, la. 1> li. Wavmax, I\I irtin.^'iiir.', l-». * D. A. Rawmncs, X 'w Alli-i;iy, In,1. v*^, [liu'i.v, i>oiiiHville, Ky. 1jf:.)niie jMav, J'ark( rsljiirir, .Mont;Vv^-.;. S. Iv-^i'., Nus'iviil", la.I. .M/.xwr.;.:,, Frankfn;t, la. JOHN i'ATTF.RTO.x, (ireolioaf^llo, fa. Gnoi!«,!: (i. I)ir\v, Msij. re.'lior.l. In liana Ta. nicry Co. si'j';i:('ii oi'' MR. 'ni'ToN, Ch ihc Vrc-KinpUjn JJ/H—dc'ifrrr;! ia the Srnatr of ths Vni.'Ci! St,Ju.t:tary 27, 10:53. Mr Tn-ncí i;ni(l ih;i; he wo'iM ¡¡lulsc no apology to tii'j SiMiato (or tre-!i);issiii4 on th(;ir atiention, even nl ihi-' l.ilc !i me, ;is ih ii':.|:MÍMtL';l will) his coiM'Sii li'.Mt;, well kii(!\v iiiat !»■; soMoin ocoiipieil much ofthuir till) : iii u) ikui:j; S|)i:ee!ie-.; bat lit; felt eallud Ujioii io reply to tiie ix'iiia:!;-; nvi'lo Ijy his hoiiora-colli', 111 .íiip¡i.i.:í of liis in >;ioii to aiiiynd tl)u bii! now under cmisiijiMuiioii; in,!, before ho sat iliiwn, lie hoped to saiisly hi^ oollea;^ue, and a majority oi't',10 Seoate. that his anieinJincnt was un-ciillc'J for. if :lo;ibts h i i existed iü the mind of any o!!c iis to the imi)o-!sibi!iiy ol' ¡ire-i:inj)lion olainis rcáliii;!; (jii the iandi lately cc h-1 l»y tho Miami Indians tu Indiana, it was pal bcyoii ( ii doubt by the iiiilcnd.iieut of the yv-naluc Irutii i'e;incMsee, adopted two duys ago. 1 had hoped, (said Mr. T..) wlieinny colleague rose to address ihe .Señale, that In; would have de-fen JeJ our coiistitiiJiiN, who are settlers up(;n the public lund.->, fimn ihi' nnjiistiliulili; assaults made upOn them un this door; lie d.d nol see proper to do .^o, 1 feid it to be my diüy lo deleiid their reputai'.oa . I could wish iliat die ta^k had fallen into rtbler hatid-^. There aie tln -e inoK! able, but none itiorc willing than iiiy-;eii', t,i do jus;ie(; to the-¡»copic of tliat noble yoiuig .S;a;e, wlin e ser\aiU ! um. f have anaccoim: to settle w ith the honorable iSenator iVoni Kentucky, Ci.w.J in doing whitli *1 .shall in part reply to tiie len.aiks <if my colleague. I will not alteiiipt to |iiiile)!)g the ilebaM; by entering into a (Ji>LMs-5ion ol'ilie me'rits of i in,' bill now before llie Senate. .My ojiinimis are kiin\Mi to all who know me. in udation t i ¡ne-emjitiens, and laws j»ruiiliiig l.tiuls or miiiiey to aid in e. nst: ue;ing public works. .As a private (\ i;:eii,l was among the JliniilK'r of lliDse who a-i. ;.] t'i ).■);;.■(■-,> I'or a giant of hui«l to a ill our State ill c Mi-^t i luting a eaiial iiiid a road; as a ii.einije.' oftli;-; !'<¡,l)', 1 have fiequtnulv voted for |m e-eiii;i'inns ; bu" h have sae- cccdf'.I, itii<¡ ha»e been ui ifi,iii:::i--c iiiipi^tiaiice to Indiana and ;o the W'e^t; iiia.iy h ii.ilreds, 1 might say lhou>a!id(i! Iaiiii!ie> iue ihi--day enjuying a eoiii-furtablu eianpe'.i ney in eon-.eipie.iee oí' these |)re that have so frequently voted pre-einpttoiu to the settlors on tho public lands. Have not theao grants been a public blessing, and are not these examples worthy of imitation? No one can deny that the laws to which I have alluded have brought info existence a number of public works, which, without the nid of the General Government, would nol have been began by the present generation. We .see canals, roads, and rail roads, in the westernStatcs; and fine houses, where, ten years ago,a traveller must wend his way through the wood or along the Indian's path. The valuable land along the valley of the upper Wabasli, to which the honorable member in his remarks alluded with so much pleasure, would not this day have been the rc!$idcnce of civilized man, but for the yirant oCland to aid in constructiog the Wabash and ^rie canal. On this canal he can now travel with as much ease and comfort as from this place to New York. These things are, undoubtedly, a public blessing; and they speak volumes for the form of government under which we live. My purpose in rising was to correct the error into which, it would seem, ihe honorable Senator from Kentucky has fallen, in relation to a very respectable portion of the Stale which I have the honor, in pait, to represent here. 1 was called out of the Senate chamber yesterday, for a few moments, on business, whilst the pre-emption bill was under discussion. When I rctiirncd to the chamber, the honorable Senator to whom I have alluded was closing his remarks, in opposition to tho bill, by reading extracts from a newsj)a¡)er published in Indiana. I had not, con-coiisefjuently, an opportunity of hearing all hi« remarks, nor do I find them reported in the morning papers; but I am informed that he indulged in harsh expressions against the citizens of my Slate, whom ho Was pleased to denominate as "squatters on the public lands." 1 iio|)0 he was misunderstood. If that honorable Senator had only alluded to settlers on the public iands in Indiana, in speaking of them, ill connexion with the people of other States, I would not have felt constraiued to reply; but he has more than once or twice, ondiiroreiil days, during this debate, dwelt, it would seem, with peculiar emphasis on the squatters on those valuable public lands in Indiana, applying to those who occupied thern, remarks that shall not go unanswered. 1 will epeat as nearly as I can whai was said yesterday; and if I go wrong he can correct me. I understood that he denounced the settler.s on tho public lands as a lawless banditti of land robbers, unjustly grasping at the, public treasure. (Here Mr. Clay rose, and said that he would repeat what he did say on tho occasion referred to by the honorable Senator from Indiana. He did say that the squatters on the public lands might as well seize upon our forts, our arsenals, or on the public treasure, as to rush out in this lawless manner, and seize thr> public lands as they had done.) .Mr. 'I'ipton if.siimed. I am glad to find the honorable member did not use the expression attributei! to him, knowing as I do. that the lacts do not justify so .serioiis a charge. Does he not know that the laws to prevent trev[iasses on tho public lauds, have never, in a single instance, been put in force lor many years, but have stood as a dead letter on our statute hooks for a ipjarter of a century? That the emigrants from the old to ihe new Stales have been in tlie constant habit of entering upon the best public land they eould find, building cabins to shield 1 will now present to tUo senate a brief vie«' of the other side of the qtjosfion. It is true a resolution was passed in the Senate ofihe State from wi.i -h I come; to instruct tho Committee of Ways and Means of thai body "to enquire into the expediency of reporting a joint resolution instructing their Sen ators, and requesting their Representatives in Con gress, to use their influence in obtaining for the State oflndianalhe right of pru-empiion, at the minimum price» to the lands lately acquired of the Miami Indians, to aid the State in the progress of her work ^ of internal improvement.'' And can the Senator suppose that no other motive ihnn opposition to granting the poor settler a pre-emplion right to a quarter section of land, improved by ihe lab.^r oí his own hands, influenced the members ui the State Senite whu'veied for the'resolution in question? tie surely cannot suppose so; bat, if he does, ho i greatly mistaken. It should be borne in mind that the state is embarked in an extensive system of internal improvement. li ha,s created a large debt, with interest accruing. There is a strong |)arty in the State Legislature opposing the system of internal improvement, and e.teriing themseh es to classify the public works, or to suspend a pari of them, and put olf iheir compleMoii for ina^iy y(:i<rs. The resolution is asking a boon from the General Government, which, if granted, woul.j lighlen the burdens of the people, and bo of great benefit to the State. It is only to be wondered at that a single vote was recorded against it. Should the resolution be adopted, instructing my colleague and myself ti ask a pre-emption to the State, |may we hope that the Senator from Keiitueky will vote with us? We shall see. I will as far as my colleague to serve the State. It wouhl ull'ord me gieat plea-jure to aid her in raising meaas to carry on her public works; but in doing this, as ¡uibüc men, we siiould have an eye as well to individual justice .ts to public henefi". 1 do nol think that tiie amendment of my colleague, if adopted, will effect any beneficial object to the State which we represent here. It looks well on paper, but is calculated, in my ojiinion, to presenta" iaUe issue. Let use.xamine it. He tells u.s that his object is to prohibit individual pre-emptions on the lands lately purchased from the Miamies. If his amendment bo adopted, it will r.icke an invidious distinction between oar constitiiciits and tho citizens of otlu.r new States of the West; and ho calls on me to give a vote which would appear to deprive liieii. of a privilege wliieli this bill secures to oihe s- 1 do not wish to be uiuler.stood a-: expressing an opinion thai a pre-cmplion right, under the provisions of this bill, can vest in ihe land.s hitely uc:juirej frrm tho Miami Indians. 'I'he amendieent oireicd by the Senator from 'I'ennessce, [Mr. \\ nrrK.] for which I most clieerfiilly voted, prohibits the granling of pre- ¡ emptions to ,iiiy person who settled upon the la id before 'Ii all tii^ f,.e ii seei;!;; Io me th'-'V should (j'.iiet the " V i>',ie V,'iM »ipp<)ses the gvaiitiiig of i:>.-e 1 I]i,ilin;i Ii;;lilsj tiTai'v poili'i;! of thai I'l.ind. .A'tboiigli tlii-i trea'y was Wiis net la iiled !)y the n-iîy the rcsoluiion uf in'ui-catiun, it was directed to I'C siiliniitlcd to the Indians for their assent to »eitain alterations made on llie part of the United ll_ was accoidiügiy submitted, and the assent of the ln.liaii> obtaiiitd in November; but will my culletigue say thai the session as complete, and the title oftlie I'liired Slate ¡a'l tit,'o liaJ been extinguished. \\'hen ahoni this .Miami tieaiy are properly IIIKi'Cl ,11 !, li tears ..1' ev e - v .livhfiil pei' valuable trac, enteied into in, ate ui;til ( )ctob<!r la>l their families tVom the pelting of the storm, and cultivating the soil, regardless w hether the land had I the land iierfcct, l.eleie tlu pron iilg.itiun of tiu been suiM'yed or not, w ith the expectation and in-j ( K aty^by Je.xecuti\e pio •I.-m atien ? 'i'his publica III lavi an I s f( tb. .1,(1 I. ' M emptujii lauds, I'. 1 hose la".v .s. i;i;\ I'r v time nilk-.i Uli, ami Wduiii litr, e i,I I'll I'll: coll.e pi 11 e ( 1 li ti di', nelJls UM' Il t Sw dee; l_\ |ae-eir('ii'iii law s ¡is tii, luit advi-llt iieis to ihe .strong clanes o:! ;:ie Indiana lu; I oil ea.s'i'i n pit -empiii IM law s be, ci lii.d fnr lav, ■ r ii;!i',i;; I tlull (li'iilll (• I.,'.li a'rl nil ti t;;a,i»i ui' my nw n i, 1,1)1 p;ii !li'if.,i;e m ji ielllers oil p iMie l.iiid, an; nul u'ieiM iiUii u íhi! pii'-ein, ■mil law s tí '■fatit iiiu-l ^ I at pii'.i, ic a il will ii.ii:;'; //' t arc viir ¡-uhht (!: iifini to a poriidii o! tlic mujiey f<ir iiiider i l,c haii.'ux'i-. it lie; gi ueruu-^ h'uxe the peoj 'l"he >etilei -fu l'I I.e 11 y I 11/ 1 lia\ t' It' 1 M ing III W I-tbe pa-.-a tllfV .MJ'ie; re present I the M illers Oll the public ililie woiks. who, but (or ha\ i; owii''<l land ; ami as ■ laiiiilii ■ incieascil, ihey tu v.u: iiurdur, and be- 'r..i tlir.t i; 0WI1 COIl:-t it- iiie.i.'-,'eil al lilis lime iii \u-ru iii ond -> < rii « Ovnis llave jubt as íiii.r' as the citizcns of la'.i II , w iii) \ uted ftjr thc le |a- (il hy Cijiigress, 1. i'.i l i:i th<" eiuislruc-I ail; aii'l shall I, bccau,-e ,u .'i;ire < uüí,!itiicnis c;in-, ...'ilion law, say lo lliusi; be l'i;i i itoi ii;s, und u ho lin lluui', I caimot cxlciul lili; all tlie land now \ a-iiie;iuii i'ur ihe highest price >-'¡:;>ii/crs. ii¡'T'- inlruiít'i s (¡n iw 11 Culi,- tiiiieii!-, haw a rig it ti; il ilu -e laiidi will Kell ..ulil lli; i be jiist, WDulil nr \M)iilil it ti) IIII-,wer lili I > t il the public li , 1 !,.■> el Indi,Oía a r,l lettel.-. liuMI il li-lll, W est ut I II »I' a pa eie, ■ 1 aj'pi t t i.-It on ibis lliiur, Il V ■ ; tHiesMiaiillke ? tinesiit'i). Ill tlu; furest were lid of iht-- olilt;r Slates. I 111111:1 i-r ol' ibem liv-.Mi>M--ippi, a-king foi II 1 kiuiw what 1 11' mei It ; ihey are not :,,it Iht:y i.hall have m) 111' iht; Senate. 1 i.e's aiM iidii.« Mil would. .1' uiir coii.-,tiiiienls out td il Mfii.s, thinks It will, feelings, to iiuike inN uli- ■(• w hi) ,st nl me here; il \ (.'le,and I hupt' a mujt I do not -ay thaï my ciÜt irnJojiii'tl. ei;t aiiy ptirlitiii pit-i'u plit'H lighis; biit lic 1 eamiul iei uin ile it lo my ¿1-11.-. ili.-.line'iu'is iigainst th othei s svill, ihey liuist. 'J'lic Si liator fnini Kentui ky and my colleagno aie wolern mon, teprescnling western intereit.'«. Iiis line liiere i.s no public hiiiiJ in Keniiuky, and but liule iii linliiiiiii. I beg ihcm to gi> wiili nie to imi-^ täte Ihat tioble .'•piril of geneioaiiy ihat prompted tasff.rn Senators to vole inoiicv lo a/d in Uiu co«-•(riiciion of the Loniivillo and rorlland canal, and landi to aid in the (-i>n>iructiun of iho Wabuah and Krie cuiiul, ata! tl:e .Michigan und Illinois canal, and tention of paying the < ¡oNei nn.ent for the land whenever they should be hi ought into markei? Has it not been the constant practice ofCongress to pass laws to protect ihe actual settler from the iron grasp of the spectilalori' Ami is it just to call ihose industrious antl enl('rpri^5ing citizens, who settle on the|)iiblic laiitls with intention to purchase as soon a,s thcvcome into market, hard names? 1 ihink nol? l)(.>es the honorable Senator know that the people of four entire coimfies in Indiana, (I'ortcr, Lake, Newton, Pulaski, witli a portion of .Miami, and olher counties) are sett|i;rs on thc public lands? 'i'liey aie eiiiigiiuils from the older Stales, seeking a home in Ihe Ú est. It is tiiie, sir, of ihcm are poor; hut 1 trust and believe they are Inkiest. I know them to be honorable, [lear-cable, law-abiding citizens, who would scorn a dishuiiorable acliini as much as the Senator himself. 1 iiin per.sonally ncfjiiuinlcd with many oflheni; ilii y areeduealctl, moral,and highly respectable. .Many of them would lose nofhing hy a compiirison wiih memlRrs on this (loor; and if the honorable membtu- holtls a ditlerent o|iinion, it is because ho has Iteen misinformed. Those who communicated w ith the honorable Senator on this subject should have given him iiuolher jiiece of in Ibrmalion, that might possibly l»e of service to him in a coming ilay. J hey .should have informed him tliat the Indiiviia ^íl^1e Senate, w ho adopted thc reso-lulion read by him, is conqiosed ofmen ofgreat rcs-peclahiliiy, none moiesu;but like other bodies, its tlecisioiib are no; unfieipiently influenced by consid erniions vvhieh do not ajipear on tho surface, and whieh in this ease, I fear, were not communicated to him by bis inforii.ant. It may not bo uninteres ling iti that genileiiian to know that a majority of the Senate ul' Indiana, which adopted the resolution are opptist il it> ihe lalo und present administration ollho (ieneral (lovernment. '1 "hoy, of course, I'ol low their great leader, the Senator from Kentucky, & .>ui)|iurt his huid bill. 'I'lie administration advocates graduation und pu -eniption to actual settlers, whilst the Senator and his friends oppose both. My principal object in rising wqn to disabuse the public mind With regard to the action of the Senate of Indiana. ICvery question has two aides, and the Senator from Kentucky and my coUeaguo have presented only one of those sides. While they have shown most conclusively that a certain lesolution was adopted by a very large ma-jority,in that body, they have carcfully concealed the complexion w hich that question assumed there, and have read and told us just enough lo give tis to understand that the revolution was passed by an orerwhelroing majority; and thev have endeavored to slw>w that thik decision shoula Imvq tnduoiioe upon tbe act ion of Ihi« bodv. t,on was not maile i.iitil tiie'J.M of i.'t cember. I aok, then, how can a pi e-emptiun right be eslab-lished to lands ceiled by llii> Miami treaty, when the bill under w hich iht y are ti. Ik; e'laimetl provide ^ ihat the settler shall have been m actual occupation oftlie land on the Islol DeccmUir Iast,iu'arii moiuh bi !uie the promulgation of the treaty w hich com-(ileted • he lille ol the I iiited StRli.'s to the land iii (¡iie>!ioii? On the 1st of December last the land was Indian laiitl,and ihe amendment of the Senator Irom Tennessee, [Mu. \\ uitf..] ex|)ress|y prohibits the I'xtension of this right lo indivuiuals settled up-oi; such land beluie ilie Imliati title had been extinguished. 1 liojie Iho jt.iint lesoluiimi will pass our LegislalUK', and be sent on lieie, instrueling us to make an appeal ^to the liberality i>f the'Senate to grant to the State a pre emplion right to these lauds ut a niiniiiium price. We will then have an opportunity of testing thesincei ily ofthuse whooppu>e imlividual pre-emiitions, and have told us that ihey would greatly |)refer'graiiting,it to^ihe Slate, in aal of her public works, lo granting it to squalteis on the public lands. It vvill ull'urd me great plea-ii;e Io exert my feeble abilities in lorvvanling liio w ish-esot'our Stale, but I greatly fciir we will be left in a lean minority. My culleague tells us that he would vote Qgainst?aii indiv ulnnl pre emption right, asan original propuMtiun; that if he votes for it now , it will be because it has become the scliled poliey ul the country. I view the matter in a dlllerent l:;:lit Nuthuig can atford me more bali-laeliuu than to v te the most vohiable public laml ow ned by tlu; t !u\-ernment, to a poor but honest | i mieer, who set k- n home in the western woods. I hose vv lu., ut t:es day, einigrate'from tho old to the new Slates, are generally from the farms, w oi kshups, schou! or colleges, ill the Mast, wlui n tike citizens ofg'rea' moral worlh, ,und who wouM giace any society; and I a!>k, how can a man, wliu-c bosom glows wiib patriotic devotion to his covmli y, deny to I'.io present settlers on the public lands ihe privileges eiiioy-td by others for more than a (¡iiartur of a ceutury ? I (annot, I will not. We are asked when the ni;w S ales will ci aso to teasio Congress to pass pre-e>iiption laws? iN'uver, sir, never, (said Mr.'Í'.,) until ihe^reat west, to the mouth of the Columbia river, is cov<-red with a hardy, industrious, and happy population, who travel west along the Cumberland iiuid tu fmd homes fur their families. When »his road ami these emigrants reach the shores of the J'acilic, then, and not until then, will Congress bo relieved tiom pavsiag preemption laws, and from^makiag up|iropriations for the national road. The Senator from Kentucky, [Mr. Clay,] says there is no equality in the pre-emption aystcm; that •i I ; IIII iiiiiiLi._mi)',tii. r. it produciisdissatisfiiciion. by gmng Mfare Hito survey aid seizing upon the choice spots. 4 admit tJiat it produ,_'es dissatisfaction i,i two classes of individuals; one, tho politician in the old s'totes, who is loath to give up the pnor bjt i.iJiJ^trioas portion of their population; and the other titecnprtalists, who are anxious to get possession of thèse choice spots, anl who, by aUondkog the publiosalc;*, and overbidding the poor man, compel him to retire, ond con-tont himself with land of an inferior quality. Tbey are dissatisfied, but nol wronged. My colleague complains that politics have been dragged into this delwtc. lie admits that there are those who will be infiuenced by political considerations. 1 hope It will be recollected that it was not I who first introduced politics into this discusstoo. I did not bring fur\v»i# newspaper« here, end read what had been said on one side iu the Indiana Legislature. I admit, however, that political considerations do sometimes iniluence tho actions of public iwdies in Indiana, as well as in other States. I have carefully examined tho vote.s on the resolutions heretofore referred lo, and find thot every Whig Senator, with perhaps one exception, went for it; while the little band that opposed it urged the claims oi'the poor pioneer, and the policy ofthe tale and prc.sent administrations. Both the ^nator from Iv'intucicy and my colleague referred with great satisfaction to what was .said by Whig Senators, but ivoided alluding to what was said by Senators on the other side. I think it would have been an act ol j istice to present both sides ofthe question. I confess I recur with satisfaction to what was said ta tavor of the actual settlor; and if advocating tho neas'.ires of ihe administration in relation to the pahllc lands bo d'agging in politics, then I am content to plead guilty to the charge. Although it has been shown that the resolution wa.s adopted by a large majority of the Senate ofln-liana, 1 do not wish to bo understood as admitting that the vote on that resolution is afair index of the opinions of Ihe people al large as to the policy of granting individual pre-emptions. It only goee to show how many members of the State Sénate were willing to ask another grant from this Government to aitl her in completing her public works; and I advise the honorable Senator fiom Kentucky not to be loo hasty in believing that a majority ofthe people oi' In.liana are opposed to seeing Congress to grant il pre-empiion light lo a quarter section of land to an actual settler, aiter he has improved it by the labor of his own hands. A word to tho honorable Senator from Ohio, [.Mk. Mou.its,] antl I have done. He tells us that ei)t>rmous speculations are about to be made, should we pass this bill without the amendment now under consideration; and he calls on the Senate to give a vote that shall ¡ircveiit it. 1 have stated that the pru-em[)tiou n uht canuLrt rest on the Miami lands. I pon ihe subject of spceulationa he may be better inronneil than I am, but 1 assure him that! am not, and nev er expect lo be per;iOually interested, directly or iiulirecily, to the value of one c-cnt, in any pre-empiinn that n ay lie granicil or obtained by the bill l eii : c us, on the .Miami lanils, or any olher lands. lie tells us llial a very largo majority of the Indiana Legislature is opposed to pre-emptions. How does he know it? I will thank him for any infor-maiion he may? see fit lo give us, that comea from Indiana; but 1 ho|)e he wiil permit me to inform hiiii ihal he is greatly mistaken, if he thinks that a muj.iiily ofthe yeomanry of that State oppose pre-eeiplion laws, 'i'he large tnouey-holders there, as elsewhere, ojipose them; hut the bone and «new of thc country, w ho make their living by the sweat of ilieir Ijiow, cach ami every one of them, would bo wilimg toncce|itii pie emplion right to one quarter ^et^iiun uf land, al a tlullar and a quarter an acre, if they could gel it. AN ANECDOTE. Thc warlike preparations which have recently met us on every hand have remiuded us of an inci-ilent that occurred in J)etroit during the last war, ftu which vvc are indebted to the recollectioM oTa friend ihen and now resident here. It eqmia in im|>criurublc self possession the reply ofLaDmeto Â'ujKileon at the seige of Toulon. Lannes had just litiished a despatch at Bonaparte's dictation, leaning on a connon for a writing desk, when a shot iVom the Kiiglibli ships btriking beside himcovered his paper wiili earth; he coolly observed—"thank V e, gentlemen, we shall need no sand this bout." 1 hat incident made the fortune of Lannes, as Bona-I ai le al o,;ce placed him on his staff, but we fear oiu heio still hviignishes in obscurity. \\ iihin the palisailes of a small fort in Detroit,oa vv h;u is now the coiner of Woodbridge and Gris-vi'old stricts, there blyod in the war of 1812, a mag-nilieient ptar tree some two feet in diumieter, and ihi! |irde an;l delight of tho cilizens. During one tjf the ciiimoncidiiig iVom the opiiosite shore, it was p( reeived iluit this ir -e served as a murk to guide thc aim of the enemy's bhuts, old thatitcon-iribuiiil greatly lo annoy and Weaken the defenoe. The cili/.eiis, all Liivvilling tho' they woio, resolved to ren ove this n:eiii;s of unnoyance. A soldier of the name of Miller, and now resitling we believe luiievvhere in the eily, wasdirecled to rut it down, llo piocceded cheerfully to his, plied the axe with vigor, hut yel made no ropiil proj-^rMs on the tough old tiee, when a »hut from the liiitish battery struck il precisely wheio ho was cutting, and tla:>he.i oil'two ihkds of ihe trunk. Miller paused ior a momeni, hxiked up, und exclaiming, "fire a-way, John jîull, you cut a great deal faster than I can;" then tjuie ly proceeded to complete his work. On Saturday'nif^ht, thf» 16th uh. one of the U* S. ArnK>ry buildings at llapei's Ferry, used as » piouf house, was destroyed by fiic, occasioMd» it Ijelievod, by accident. *1'he woikn»en, aaya the Cbailestown Free Press, wereeDgnged ia llie UttM-ing on Saturday evening, providing fun«, and lata ut night, the fiio was discovered twuing from tb« interior oflh« building, when UW 1st*to tuve it. Never join with your fciMOil wlwmlM iteM« M* horso <ir wifo, unies« thc one ia about to b« mM* ud the Other buried. S -.1 H. ;