Bloomington Post (Newspaper) - June 29, 1838, Bloomington, Indiana
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SDITSD AND PUBLISHED EVEKT FXIDATBY M. L. DEAL
OFFICE ON MAIN CROSS STHKBT, HRST DOOB WEST OF MAJ. HIGHT'S.
Two dollar« in advance, two fifty in six months and three at the end of the year.
No paper will bo discontinued until all arrearages are paid up.
P^Aveutisements ot ten lines or less, will be pub linlied three weeks for one dollar, and cents for each adiiitlonal innertion.
All adverliscinents must bo marked with the num her of infieriioDs, or thny will he inserted till forbid and charged accordingly.
The CASH must invariably accompany advertise mentn from a distance or they will not receive attention.
All letter«< and communications addressed to the editor must be free of postage. No variation whatever need be expected from these terms.
LIST OF AGENTS.
The following gentlemen are requested and authorized to act a8 agents: to receive Subscriptions, -Job Work, Xdveriising &c. and receipt for thesame. Tm)MAs C. JoiiNsox, iSpencer. la. >1. II. Thkoop, Mill (Jrove, la. Samuel H. Smyth, IJowlinggrcen, la. John Parr, Fredonia, Indiana. Wm. Herod, Esq. Columbus, la. E- fi. Wavman, Martinshurg, ia. D. A. Rawlin(;s, New Albany, la. J. S. Irwin, Louisville, Ky. tJniiniiF. Mat, I'arkersburg, Montgomery Co. Ia. Ww. S. RoBERTi«, Esq., Nashville, la. Dr. I. B. Maxwell, Frankfort, la. .)<iuv i^ATTERTov, <jreeJiCBStle, la. (¡KoRfiE (i. Di;nn, Esq. lied ford, Indiana.
Fro/n the Louisville City Gazette.
Tiif. Puintkr.—Much has been written and many nrctlu! [»litiiitH that hitvo Ih;oi) niarJoofthe barrass-incnts and profitless toil of the printer. It has be-ronic a trite subjuct, and one which when harped on, only nwakons a smile, or ut most « pas:«ing remark niid is lorgottcn. Who rcilects u|Hjn the nights of l;»hor, and the hoursof anguish which he passes? Who thinks of his mortilied prido and the rude (.Innns that swuep over and almost whelm his honest ambition? Who believes that ho experiences the snmc desire to maintain a reputation for punctuality and honor in his dealings that must be observed in other pursuits. Who imagines that he expcricMiccA tho same dc-iirc to mtiintaiu a reputa-li<jn for punctuality and honor in his dealings that " must bo observed in other |)ursuits. Who imagines that ho struggles with his best energies to sustain his credit and uses as much cnfurl to compass that end, OS marks the mercantile community, or any other interest? In sooth but few. Ilia earnings nre trifling compared to tho vast amounts which swell the fortunes of those who venture upon the .«ioa of trade. The reward of his inccssant toil is but small and is expected to 1» drawn from myriad ■*so(lrces, each one of which that fails, only tends to diminish his stock and expose more plainly how needless has been all his labor. He is little blessed ill the punctuality of his patrons. For the few who do honor to his drafts when presented, by how many are they protested! Ho is cither worthy or he IS not. lie is led on niontii after month, and year after year in the vain hope that the bread he has cast upon the waters will return. It is too aften like the Ui>k who.se while canvass is seen for the last time, and whose proud prow seeks tho friendly bench no nioro. Tew can tell the heart-aches and the anguish timtare his constant companions, and the cheerless gloom that surrounds him. lie staods nione in tho cammunity, unless like the creeping ivy ho insinuates hiinseh'around the wealthy aspirant who can ukc him and will pay for the vile vassalage to which he subjects him.
There is no calling more honorable, and opening more avenues to a laudible ambition, than the management of an inde|)endenl press, it is a gymnasium fur tho tiiinJ, when it is constantly exercised, dc when its laien energies are devblu|icd. It demands us much iniellect—as much untiring industry—as much research and as much judgement aa tho bar, the pulpit or the forum. It requires as much cloae invesiigatiim and acute discrimination as the moat ' abstruse science and most perplexing art. Then why is it so little appreciated, and if appreciated, why ao illiberally and niggardly reward? It professes to give a nuid pro quo and does give, but alas! for uhafi
It seems as if men did not rcflect that tite printer has wants, and that they must bo supplied—that ho , devotes his whole time, his labor and his means for iheir instruction, fur their benefit, and for their en tertainment—that the resources of his mind are fathomed and his memory and impression« and con victiuns and imagination are all made subject to the despotism of their demands. If he loiter and play the laggard, how is he censured—how is he upbraid ed for his neglect! Ifhit paper fail but for one <lay, in reaching its destination, how is he condemned for want of punctuality I if he find nothing that is new, that serves not to amuse, that does not •tar-tie with its originality, how ia he abused for the barreoocM of his shtMl!
TllViitOut all abstraotion—it is truth. It has bflMttMexperieiiMor tima and trial. His inde-pendeoM is Mdown for presumption, and his mo-menu of^es^KtndeBcy as arrant aflection. He is kept curlml down by a power which he in vain endeavors to throw otf. Tliehnn is upon him, and the world ¡4 willing to so* him Buffer, so long •• he ^n contribute to their enjoyment, and when bis light goes out, ihuro is scarcely • sigh of sympathy — he goes down like a stone, aotl tM waters are soon us placid as though iheir tranquility had nev-«r IwMi disturbed.
weekly wages to sustain tbem and tbeir ramilte*. He is compelled to have paper or his publication must stop, and the result is bankruptcy and ruin-He must pay his rent, else will his landlord rePuse the tenement, in which his operations are carried on. Ho must have cash, for be is not indulged with long credits. His necessities are known and practised upon. He is ground down by an iron rule, which if he were to adopt, his patronage would soon waste away.
Men tbink, because/^«f/vtn/frV dues are in trifling sums, that it is of trivial importance whether or not they are paid—that it will make little difference ifone fail to meet a demand when presented. Yet if it be the general impression, and each one appropriates to himself the right of withholding the m(Micum, how is tAe 7>rin/fr to exist. He is not "
Jfilicnsbeoiie in the «Mununity who more than . aoolbar<iaMrves to be re-paidl^ kin labor, it is the printer, Hím h not an easy and tíneeure task, as is I oo oftiM ^gined. As muoli promptness is ex pect« ed from bun, ma if he were niet with punctuality by all hiul-iM^and íaduigtmt patrons. Those in his rmploynrMU)t,arA «vorking-nien who look to their
chameleon to live on air. He has the same preoep-tions, the same appetites, the same necessities as other men.
When one engages in the printing busines-s, it geneially requires his whole capitui to purchase the materials and fixtures necessary to fit up his establishment, and to make a commencement. He looks for his ¡reward in the constant increase of his patronage, and the punctuality of his patrons. He expects to render an equivalent for his'^demands, & he expects to be paid. He trusts to his daily income to meet his current demands. He ventures his credit, with the anticipated assurrance that he will not be forgotten by his subscribers, for whom he daily caters. His terms are made payable in advance, thot he may receive his reward during the progress of his labo r s, be enabled to make a proper estimate of his chances of profit or of loss. He can iheteby ascertain how far his expen.ses must be curtailed, and what foreign aid is necessary to meet them. Unless payment be made to him in advance, he is laboring upon an uncertainty, •And—when bethinks, good easy man full surely, ilis/oriune is a ripening,"
there may come "a killing frost" to blast and wither every hope. He may have ventured "far beyond his depth," and ere ho is aware, be whelmed in irretrievable ruin.
The subscriptions of a printer are his stock in trade. They are the proceeds of his outlay of capital. They form an annuity which he has purchased, and when they fail to produce-when he is bankrupt there he awakens to find his capital gone, and bankruptcy in every thing. To be^rendered available then, the sub^riptions should be promptly paid. If it be asked, why the necessity of advance payments? tho answer is this; ^These subscriptions are scattered over a vast territory. Small amounts are to be gathered from most ^remote ^sources. In the aggregate they would swell to a considerable sum. Embarking in business, the hope of collecting these scattered trifles into an important aggregate, is indulged. Expenses commensurate with their number are incurred, and must be met. Time wears on. This mon from whom punctuality was expected, after taking the paper for some months becomcs dissatisfied and orders it to bo discontinu ed. The sum due is too small to be remitted or to pay tho expense of collection—it is a dead loss to the printer, who has already incurre<i the expense but meets no equivalent. Or tho subscriber may fail—or die—or movel oway to parts unknown— alas, the printer is seldom remembered. Poor fel low, he heark his old patron say, "Pshaw! it is but a trifle, he will never miss it,—and some day or other, if it is convenient, I will pay,him." Such tho course of reasoning, if the printer's dues ever cross his memory. For every printer who has de frauded his patron, therv have been a thousand printers defrauded by thern. Another reason for advance payments, is, that at the time of subscribing, provided it be done in good faith, there is an intention to pay. If it be inconvenient at the time the first opportunity should be sei7«d "to make con veyance sure," for as the year tolls by or is number ed with the past, the feeling oi the necessity or ob ligation of making payment fades away, till too frequently it is altof^ther obliterated
There is nothing which the same amount can purchase so valuable as a newspaper. It is a little world within itself. It is fraught with intelligence and instruction—furnishes a fund of entertainment —affords a birdVeye view of tho o|>eralion of the evtry-day world. It ¡Hsoples solitude with a thousand companions. It brings novelty where was but satiety. To be without it were to riturn to baibarism—todragona lonely life, "unknowing, de unknown."
To elevate the press—to render it independent— to give it the tone and character which should distinguish it—to raise it above the grovelling spirit
which Ikjws to thejdictationgof wealth or power—to enable it to lead the understandings of men, and not follow like a blind and supple vassal, ready tocringe at a frown, or show fight at its master^s b^-k, "pay tho printer."
This homily, extended far beyond our orignal design, has not been read for an individual purpoae it aims to benefit the craft and explain some ot the difltculties under which they labor, and point out the remedy. Yet if any of our readers can appro-priata aught of it to themselves, they are heartily welcome, and we trust at no long date, to find it appreciated.
THE STORY OF JOHN WOOD.
Dy the following article (Vom the Maysvilie Ba gle, it appears that the pathatie tale of the suflTer-ings and privations of this individual, wliioh we publishetJ week before last turns ouf to ba a hoax, and he nroved to be an impostor. Prom the following will be learned his real history:
Impositions are frequently practiaed upo« tka comiuunity, by Ules of shipwreck M^ eaplivily, desolations by earthquakes, votcMie artiptioM, éM). 4(0. that a strong dutv seeota to devolve wpoa tiM preos, to place the public on their guard by Mjpft> sing the mfotor». Ou Saturday fasi, wa traaafef-red into ibis paper an article which appeared Id tha Masaillon (Ohio) (lazette, detailing tiM eirounMlao-ees attending the impressmeot aodlong captivity of
Mr. John Wood, who is stated to have been nt the oominencementof the war of 1812, «a yonng and iodustrious farmer of Bracken county, 'Kentudty.' On Thursday, after that tale of captivity, so well calculated to enlist the public sympathy, was put in the hands of the compositor, no less a personage than John Wood, the veritable captive himself, appeared in oar city, and attracted crowds to see him, and to hear from his own lip.s, a detail of his wrongs and sufferings in British prison ships and on board British men of war.—Some heard hie narrative without suspicion of imposture—otbera» more in credulous, believed that his language was too chase, and his deportment too refined, for a Brilith sailor and occasionally insinuated a doui^ as to the truth of his statements.
Oo Friday, the impressioD became general tha be was an impoMtor, and to cme of the citizens, who had questioned him pretty closely, he finally acknowledged tho fact, and immediately expressed a wish to see the resident minister of the Methodist Episcopal church. Upon arriving at the residence of that gentleman, he unexpectedly met, and was soon recognized by a venerable clergyman of (he same denomination late of Ohio. As soon as Wood beheld this venerable minister of the cross he burst into tears, and declared that he had come to acknowledge that he was an impostor. 7'he history of Wood, as far as known, together with his disclosures, are in substance, as follows:
He is a native of Vermont, between 60 and 55 years of age, about the ordinary size, of rather nleasant countenance, and agreeable manners. A-K)ut 10 or 12 years since, he came to Moscow, Vermont county, Ohio, in feeble health, and repeated, substantially, the same tale which he has recently told at Massillon and other places; with this difference in the version, that he had leH a mother and two sisters in Vermont, instead of a wife and two children in Kentucky, and that his capture took place at a difToient time and under other circumstances, from that now related. His tale was readily credited, and he obtained employment as wood chopper for the glass works then in operation at Moscow. He rcinained in that situation for 2 years, and by his industry and morality, gained the respect and confidence of the neighborhood. Ho subsequently became a member of the Methodist Episcopal Curch—and shortly after, was licensed to preach the Gospel. He was imnoediately assigned by the presiding elder, to the St. Mary's mission; and after discharging his duties for tome time, to all human ap|>earances, with the utmost fidelity, he was so unfortunate, when absent from hom';, as to become intoxicated, and feeling himself disgraced, he abandoned his station, and no trace was afterwards disco vcied of him. His subsequent history is related by himself. He states that, after leaving his charge, he first wandered to New Orleans— thence lie found bis way to Alabanui, where he united with the Baptist Church, and recommenced preaehiiig the (Tospel. Shortly aAer forming this eonnec:ioii, theChrialian Advocate reached Alabam-a, containing a detail of his proper conduct, with a description of his person. Fearing detection and ex|>osure, ho immediately abandoned Alabama, and went to the Creek nation of Indians. Dissatisfied with his condition among the Indians, he returned to tho States, and souglit an asylum in one of the Alms houses in Maryland, where he remained one year. AAerwards he went to I'enn«ylvauia, and remained five years in an Alms house. Nothing further is known of him until he appeared at Massillon, as the returning 'captive.'
Many persons who visit^ him believe that he is suffering under some menial alienation. This o-pinioa appears to be the most charitable one—as he has manifested no disposition to make very heavy draAs upon the sympathies excited by his **laleof woes.*' Prom whatever cause however—-wbether it be avarice or nnental aberation—we feel it our duty to guard the community against his impost tion.
He left on Friday aAerooon, evidently under some apprehension of perkonai injury, although nothing was said calculated to excite i.is foars.
Mr. Van Buren has foand tbe diiTerence between plundering the rich hoards of tho old Bank of tbe United States, when aided by tbe State Bbnlts, and provoking and starvindthe mulUtudiaoua swarm of the State Hanks themselves.
FOR MR. VAN BURE^^AXD M«. CALHOUN. The Shephenf Md ku Dog. The Shepherd caught hili Qbg killing sheep, and was about to hang him. T5e Ilouse-Dofr plead
haid for tho other, savinjr, that he ooly Itifled a Sheep now and then, '•but?* ssid he, "if you hffg him the Wolves will come and destroy the whole flock." "I must run that risk," said the Shopherd. "A traitor, who has preyed on the poor Sheep be was M to guard, must not be spared. And» terk ye,Tray! You have the name of an hooaetdog now; but you must not forget that you loved mulloa yourself, until you were tied to an eld ram, who butted you half to death. Do you propose to go snacks with this villian,sirrah! Not an other word! Or I'll reeve the other eud of the rope about your neck."
How Mr. Calhoun got to be a State Bighta Ifao, hebest knows. This much is cesuio, that when old Jackson caught - him tangled in the mysteries of Ndlfication, he dealt with him in auofa a aort as to leave him no alternative but to renounoe his old principles of free construction and federal iiinroma cy. But when w» hear biro pleading fir Buren, who betrayed him and us, we cannot help mw> lecting that he has not forgotten his first love. When he can reconcile himself to Van Buren, he can find little difficulty in reconciling Nullification with Consolidation.
FOR STATE RIGH-TS—JACKSON—VAN BUREN l»OLITICIANa TAe one-tjfed Deer. A Deer that had one eye, chose his leeeding ground on tho shore of a lake, where he always gazed with his blind-side to the water. A hunter took a boat, and, gliding aileatly aloog, came close to himand shot him.
The State Rights party aflirtnod the sovereignty of the States, contended for strict constructions of the federal constitution, and denied tho ooostitatioa-ality of the Bank, the TariflT, and the system of Internal Improvement. When the charter of the Bank was about to expire, the occasion drew the attention of somo of that party exclusively to that, und they forgot lo look for danger from any other iiuarter. By siding with them on that one point, the Federal Government has succeeded ia trampling down tbe sovereignly of the Slates; in rivet-ling the Tttriff* on the South by means of tbe force-bill; in making the Preirident's will the criterion of tho constitutionality of any Internal In»roveroent; and tho President's Proclamation the Cofurtitution of tho United States!
FABLES FOR GREAT MEN. We have received from our friend. Fabulist, some further paraphases of iKsop. As a sort of intoduc-tion to the whole, he re<)uests us to give the first place to the following Fable. We may add, by the way, that they are from one of the most distin-
fuished pens in Virginia—thrown off*in his "Idle lours."
FOR THE LIONS OF THE DAY. TA« Iaoh and the Gnat. A Lion, springing one day from his den, tore the ground with his paws, lashed himself with his tsil, and roared defiance to the forest. At this moment, a Gnat stung him on the nose. The Lion sneezed majestically, and liAing up his huge paw, aimed h furious blow at the iinjiessive insect, who, in the next ntoment, was buuing in hta ear or tickling his eye-lids. The repeated attempts of the Lion to crush him were unavailing, and at length he was driven to seek refuge, from his paltry enemy, in the darkneas of his cave.
The height of tha writer's ambiticji ia to act well tba part of tbe Gnat, leaving (be Liooa of tbe Day all tbe honors of that character.
Fortius ac melius magnss pierumfatereat res."
PORMt. VAN BUREN.
Tk» BnrttmdtktBtn. Aa old Woman was tnkinging hooey (Vom a hive, when tha beat flaw out, and attacked her. White she and the Beta were thus too busy with each other to atteod to 4ny thing else, a tame Bear stole behind tha old mmu, an4 robbed her hooey-pot. WhM ahi waa daoa, she took eara lo put the la-Mioder of War koaev out the IfearHi reach; wha^ ■pen ha wMt to tka Irive, to gat aoma more. Ait
.he irritatod and starving Bees flew eiit wpoo him, and, tho* ba mieofadfd in overturoing their kive, they stiiag wt hia eytt.
FOR MESSRS. JACKSON, VAN BUREN AND CALHOUN. The Am and Lap Dog.
The Ass was jealous of his master's fondness for his Lap Dog, and wishing lo rival him, endeavored to imitate his fawning. So one day when the mas-ler had the dog in his lap, tho Ass came oaparing around him, and rearing up, began to paw him most aff*ectiooateIy, and much to lira annoyotMa of tha Dog, whom he took care to tap slily on the ñdo of the head. The Master, enra^ at tha faaattterity, and the injury done to hia favorite, atmck tho Aas with his cane, when the surly brute turned hia haala upon him, and was driven off with aoma tliiBcuUy. The Ass next tried to make interest with the fovor-itehimself, and finding him onei^ gnswiof ata bone, offered to crook it for him. dig aoaept-
ed tbe service, and tha Ass, (tho* the taste of flMk went against him,) having broken the booa with hta strong .laws, put down his imixxle to foodie tha Dag. But there was no marrow in tbe booa, and the D<jg <nap|>ed at bis nose, and told him to go about his business.
They who remember Calhoun's quarrel with Van Burrn for the favor of Jackson can ba at no loss to make an application of tlie first part of this fable. His attempt at reconciliatiooi and tha raauU ofit, are equally obvious.
MR. GRAVES SPEAKING FOR HIMSELF.
Mr. Graves recently in tbe United Statea House of Repieseniatives,concluded soma remarks in reference to ihe late duel, as follows:
"I should do injustice to n^yself were I to conclude without saving that I was noc conscious at tha time, that I had invaded tbe privilcgesofthis Houea. 1 thought 1 was especially careful to preserve tha«. I find, however, that beiug connected with a dual, either as principal or second, when a member is princi|>al, technically involves sll alike in a braaoh of privilege. Sir, I was involved in tho comroeoee-ment of this unfortunate afiair innoeaotly. I oaver conceived it possible that such oooafquaooH would have devolved on me, when 1 oooaaowi lo ha tho
bearer of that ili-litted «ola» oihar via» laM4 aovar have taken oo myself tha laak. 1 MX, aod never have been, the advocate of tho aiH iooiil aad unchristian practice of dualling. 1 Imvo novor« to thia day, fired a duelling pistcT. Aod, ualil tho éay when I wwot lo tho field, 1 oavor took OBj muftm in my hand in view of a duel. PiiWie optait» ia pr«ctiraiiy the paramount law of tha laBdi fooiy other law, both hiunaa and divioo, «aaaialt tojNh served;yea, withers and perishea ia iiiiiii«»^ It was t to paramount law of tMaaatiM aadtflMb Hooaa, thai foroad laa, aador llM páMRy of
or, to aolisot mjrasir to the ooia vhioh impolM m aowUliaglyiMo thia tragical aflhir. (Jpoaihohliü of thia nati^ and at tha doors of thia Hooaa, M uafortuaaia hui4»U.f%
the Wood with which my heea aiaioed.**