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Bloomington Post (Newspaper) - June 8, 1838, Bloomington, Indiana t'lfW^Pfi^í^ f^^^ Kúrrtít AVD roHLisiTES BVEHT FHIVAY BT M. L. DEAL. OFFICE OK MAIM CB08S STR£ET, FIKST DOOB WEST OF • MAJ. HIGHT'S. TERMS. Two dtoilare ia advan«!^, iffo fiflj in six months and thr*» at Um «nd of tlie year. No pafMPHrill bo diacoatmued until all arrearages mro I aid Hjp. Oir-Av«i»«MKNT9 ol ten lines or Ipfs. will be published three weeks tor one dollar, ahd 25 cents for each additional insertion. Ail advertisemients luuEtbe marked with the number •floNilionfl, or they will bo inserted till forbid and charged aecordiogly. The cash must invariably accompany advertisements from a distance or they will not receive attention. All letters and communications adni-essed to the «ditor mrfet be free bf postage. No variation whatev--er need be expected fruut these ternx*. LIST OF AGENTS. The following gentlemen ftre reqneited and authorized to act as ajjents: to receive SiibtjcriptionH, # iob Work,\dverti8ing &c. and receipt fot'thbsame. Thomas C. JonimoN, Spencer, la. H. 11. TniWi-., Mill Grove, la. Samuel H.'Smytr, Uowlinggrecn, Ta; John Parr, Fredouia, Iniliuuu. Wh. Hf.rod, £iii|. Columbus, la. G. Watman, Mariinsburg, la. 4X A. Rawuncs, Now Albany, la. i. [rwin, Louisville, Ky. HJeoKCK Mat, Tarkerslurg, Montgomor)^ Co. la. IVtk. S. Roberts, Kmi., Nashvill«-, la. Dr. k F. Maxwem., Frank fort, la. Jew« Kattkrton, (JreeitCiisile, ia. GkoROF G. Dasx, Ksq. Bcdfonl, Indiana; i'ViM« i/u: New Jersey Slate Journrtl. (YJiNEttAL H ARRISON'S OPINl( )N.S. The follwtirinjj interesting lolt(!r has boon hdriikd to us for publicu'.u)«, by Auron H. Ildvvoll, Ksq., of Noitinglmin. It will lie read with peculiar inturcst at tb'u lime, uh<J cannot but suggost to alt, huw striking is lhee»»ntrast l)clwcc'n its author aixi (lcri*5rttl Jackson.—'I'ho (bruicr has endeavored to diminifiH the horrors of wnr, and huiimniice the men of blood; the latter uti the contray, hns ahvuys cherised and nouriAhoil the furous pussjuns whicli war engdii-<lers. CORRRSI'ONDRNCK. TKK,\m\,N. J., March, 15, 1038. ► Dear Sir—The history of statesmen und heroes i|)re»tfni«a vcsiagu of feu l»l tiincs, of which some of the plofeinen have avaiU'd thernsclvos lo tarnish luiArc of their vnloriiusnchieventents, whenever » reas>on «<}uld not decide ihn content. From a nation^!« esutifeheon the mark of dishonor should tie ef-ruced,and that true honor which ii< tha watchword of the chivalrous and brave, in natiuaal derence, l)e tnistained t>y public opinion und illu^iiriuus oxam--j>ies. Various are th<5 patlios whioli honor is pur-;Mue«i. Some "plu'ck height honor from the pale facet! m<K)n," while oihers court it "in the iininuiil ■deadly bieach," and othiirrt again wear tho laurel •who point against ilieir friends Uie burniKhcd lire-lock in jiersonal etmibilt. While tlie iNaiioual I^eg-lialature dcl>3ti.>s the point t-allod honor, atuJ tlioemi-AWnt men theie «mbodied, mil forth the [Kjiiiluroui« iiWuence of their talents on a subiect no ev(!niful in «(Ailing *he views uf8tatesmdn; 1 had lliuught that yrur long experience hs a staiti^tman and soldier, & perticularty your etHinection with the north-western iii»iy',ompl<! evidence iniglit Im fdrnishcd in concur-tfeiico with (tieirrf, for tho amelioi nliou of our coun-flt^men, on u point whieli is sotoeiimes at least no ♦lOOOrable point—lilt!» miss-cattt^l houo t -Content-ting the enipli'Vinent of some reiuinisrem esof your «ventfiil life, to illustcate iliis subject for the iNjneiit <o'fmy fellow-citizens, therefor« ics|ieclfulty request your opinion of iIkj code ol" honor which decides controveisies by a resort to the duel. Most Iespoclfully yours, A.UiON li. IJOWEU.. Gsn. W. 11. IlAUKl^.o:^. N(ii;tii BiíM>, 7ih April, 1038. DkauSih:—Vou tthk m;, o|iiiiion "of the wnle of honor which duciiloscinlrovoi iiies by a i e.sort to tlte tJuel." 1 comply wiih your iequu.>i, and would do «Ò rnore readily, if 1 couKI suppose iliut any thing that I could !>ny would haveuny iullutnee in putting un end to a |iruciii-e which id tho cause of .so much individua! distress, and violates so many ubligatiuns of the most sacred cimruclcr, I The argiuiienis which nmy 1«! u.*cd agiiinst duelling arc so ouvious, anJ have beca so ollcn urged lijriiersoiui much mon' alili; to du them justico than lani»liiat I »hallcou'.uui mystiU" with giving you what may be termed n>) c\[;ei iciicc in iimdo i s of 'thw kiud.-^And as this eeiluiuly dixj-i not exhibit the pmotico in a very lusciimting light, it muy |)0r-hup* Irnvo a better etlect than any other mmio of •tllMiting the auLject that 1 could «dopt. there were moro duels in iho norlh» WMMNfarniy between the yoara 1791, and 1795, ìwMm, iImu ever took plùce iu th« >a»m length of 'litNi,4Wu ««HXigKt so small a body of iiwn aa «Sam-fioaed tlie oMtiniMwionvd otHc»rs of tli« nrmy, either in AnwtioM, or any other rsuintry in mtxJern timos, i faeemw un oíKcvr in the tirsi mentioned ynnr, aï MO ear^ an o^n, tluit it i^ not wondorful that I im-plicitlymdnplf-d tKe opinions of Ihu older utlicers, mo*t ufwiiont wer«-veterans of the Hevoluiion, up-vun thitiis weU •• upon other aubjects conneotoU rwhb itiy anmitjol and duty in tho profus^ion I had <'ChoeMi. t bittievod, therefore, in eonniuHi with a iMÉM.nOrliOfi of Ihn olKcera, that mo bmve man «MNpmhMli»« n chatlttnm, nf»r refraiin Frnm giving •4NI«, «riNUi h« «rWiítlerof/ that hi« rtghtcor Tet^iingi thadfcMn tr« «pitwoâ upon: I mttetconfemh too, lliat «M MtallOftHher froo from tho opinion thirt «ven iKooorniif^ by ä AuiKht áuel; ^MuiMtt^ , (i«w«v<rr, hefof« I wait in a <lu«l,«U|l^ 4 t|trinoi{Mil or aoobn«!, termina ted fttti^ |o «UV beeome convinced that all tny ^ ^^ auibject w«iu TuundM in arror. AiûdiiciliiônK tm moro ao tiiun that w'licli diepietea the sitiiation of the successful duelliar, ii jiithar honorable or desirable. It could not be li^ráUe, because the greater portioft c^tbat clHtofoiaBkind whose good Mioion of an individual conferà honor upon him, we>e exposed toit. And I h«l the beet evidence to bftlievo that, in the grave ofihe fallen duellist, was frequently buried the peace and happiness of the survivof; the act which deprived the ooa«f0xistenoé, planted a thorn in the bosom of the other, which would continue to wrankle and fester there to the end of his days. The conviction that such was the case, with men of ^ood feelings and principle, was produced by my witnessing the mental sunèrings of an intimate and valued friend, by whose banda worthy num had fell. Several years had «lap^ from lj|ia da^of this afiatr« before I be-cftine ooqaaioted whb bim We were soon after associated in the general stafl*of the army, and for the greater part of two years, we shared the same tent or barrack room,& often the smaller pallet. I had an opportunity of seeing the agony ne oAen felt, when his mind recurred to the event which had deprived society of a worthy member and himself of an esteemed and cherishcd acquaintance. Like the unhappy hermit in the tragedy of Douglass, be appeared, in hrs sleep to "hold dialogues'* with tho ghost of tbe victim of his superior skill in the use ^ arms, or more perfect self-pos-session; and a witness to them might have adopted the opinion of the youthful Nerval, that the happier lot was his who had fallen. Taking tho rules which govern such matters, as the criterion, mv friend had nothing wherewith to accuse himseli'. The quarrel was indoed "fastened on httM." Generous as brave, he had done every thing in his power to induce a withdrawal of the challange, and when, by a first fire, his adversary was wounded, ho anxiously desired that the alTair might there terminate. His pro|)Osition rejected, his second shot was fatal. What an instructive lesson doea this story present to him who would resort to this mode of settling a personal difficulty; & possesses common sensibility, and the principles of humanity and honor. The sad alternatives, his own death, or u subsequent life of bitter regret ftnd sorrow. A short experience in the army convinced me, also, that fighting, a duel was not an undoubted test of true courage. I had known instances uf duels, apd desperate dueld, being fought by men who would not have been selected by officers who knew them, to lead a forlorn hope. On the contray, 1 possess the most positive testimony to prove, that some of the bravest of men would not be engaged in tin aíTair of that kind under any circun>stanoe8. C'lmformably to my plan as stated ih the ootn-iliencenvcnt of my letter, to give you facts rather than arguments, 1 preseut you with another reminiscence uf my early military life. I introduce it not Only to sustain my position, but from the respect I entertain for the memory of a gallant brother officer, Wing since called to receive, in another world, his revfritrd for havi.ig preferred "tho praise of God to'the praise of n»en;" In the summer of the year 1793, Lieut. Drake, of the infantry of the Sud sub-legion, received a marked insult from another broth-or officer. Manifesting no disposition to call him to account, some of those who wished him well, a mongol whom 1 wasono, spoke to him on the subjeet expressing our fears that his reputation as an officer would greatly sutfer, if he permitted such an insult lo pass unnoticed. The answer he gavo mo was, that ho cared not what opinion the officers might form of him; he was determined to putsue his own course. That course was so novel in the army, that it lost for him, as I supposed it would the lespcet of nearly all the officers. The ensuing summer gave Mr. Drake an opportunity of vindicating, most triumphantly, his conduct and principles, lie hod been stationed in a small fortress which had l)Ccn erected by General Waync,during the wiuter, ufioittho s()ot which had been rendered remarkable, by tho defeat of St. Clair's army, three years before. Tho garrison consisted of a single rifle company, and thirty infantry, and of the latter Drake was the imnr»ediate commanderi In the beginning of July, 1794, a detachment of the army consÎKtingofseveral hundred men,under the command of Mojor McMahon, being encamped near the fort,in which they bad the previous day deposited a quantity of provisions which they hail escorted from the eantonmont of tbe army at Greenville, wero attacked, early in tbe morning, by upwards of! throe thousand Indians. Tbe trooM made a gallant resistanco; but>being turned on both flanks, and in danger of being surio inded»th«y retreaieii to the (>l>cn giouud around the fuit. From tins, too, they were soon dialoged by the overpowering force of tho enemy: in the retreat many wounded men were in daogor of being left) which being observed from the fort, Capt. Gibson, directed his own Lieutenant lo lake the infantry (Drake's particular command) and a portion of the re(lemcn,and sally out to tlieir relief. To this Drake objected, and claimád tho right to commahd his own men, aitd,as senior to the othnt lieutenant, his right also to tho whole command. **0, verv tt«MI, sir,"said thee«p|Ain,*'if such is your «íAh take it.*' 'Mt ia my wish sir, to do my dti^, and 1 will ^deavor to doit, now and stall timMT was th« Ht^st reply of Dffkc.^Ua aooordlagly mIIM out; siiiiruily iuturtwi^ Uh éKttcliaient betn^ the rvtieatiog troops and tt^t^mjr. opMdl uppfe them a hat firf, arrest»! thef| «M li»* an opportunity to ibc woumM 10 tAol their MMpf; und to thè brokea and retreating cotnpani«« af troops, to t«-fotln and again .to ffftjh« «H 'l^roughout lïfp whole afTulr, Orak^pWvity, and extraordinary s<}1f-jM»B-suision,ií^ta rooat . sniceous. TUo enemy of coursn otaer^ 9 np tt,his friends. Tbo nui|ier«ik |Mi «1 him, however, liiui the trrovWt^U '^fi^M} tho hear^o^iIec^ór, wera tm*»' deniiai interforenco, until he Mil that he had been Mnt lo |»erfoWl. W t ed a bñll tb(<>ugh his body and ftlt; » rMçM^^^rtl tnd those two who were ItM ' of that «Atnrtd it, DrnKo kingWIlWll lonO'it should bi w., Dr^a ^mÈkH I unfit fbr duty, for » bè0 bybiswwMKl. It, in the summnr of 1796, when he wàs m goest. whM lb «>inmaod4t Fort Waiblnatou (CtÄctÄdatl) on his WÄy, on fiirtsjugb, to visit hi^ natiyé Statò, Confècticut H» f?ieods however, ènlo^ ^ ^ , ...—„ however, ènio]^ bis presencé but tt#lMrt tUne; having, ift l.tuMofstaod, taken the yellov fovù in passing tbi^M Pbiiadet-phia, be died in a Ibtjr days after ^ T^Édregf Jiis home. " > " ' ' I I have yet aMther relhinisoeoce. the relation oH Which may serve the caute you hav« so nfUeb iat heart. An officer of the army bad so often and so unnecessarily wounded thé feeli^ of anofber of thè same corps, the duties of whiâi their associations indispemlble, that M oMÓiidered himself bound to demabd satiMfiuKtonf^, usual wàf. They met, the injured man fell, rvc^ving a iqortal wotind, as it was anticipated he wouM from tito M-periour skill of his aniagooist in the i|W of the weapon which they used. Being possessed of a high grade of talents and an amiable character, he bad] the sympathy of all the officers. With others 1 visited him after he had been removed to bis quarters. He expressed a desire to see the officer with whom he had fought, and ! was present at thè interview. 1 wish I could describe, as it merits, this interesting scene. The circumstances attending it were so deeply impressed upon my mind that twy can never be effaoed,as long as memory holds Us seat. In tbe tent w«re some half dozen officerà, the friends of the dying man, (for as I have said, be had from his amiable qualities, many and warm ones,) exhibiting unequivocal evidences of their sorrow. Ckmspicuou» above the rcMc, and near the bead of the rude couch, was the manly form of tbe Commandant of the Corps, to which both of tbe duellists belonged,(the beau ideal of chivalrous valor, and the Chevalier de Bayard of the army,) endeavoring to stifle as best bo could, tbe feelings which agitated his bosom. At a little distance, in full view of the victim of his passions, sat tbe insensible -; but I must retain the indignation which I still feel. He was my brother officer->-we shared together the perils of a difficult war—and in battle, 1 know that he did his duty—and whatever might have been his conduct to othars I never had personally anf reason tocom^atn of him. But thar« hesat,appar->! ently at leaA, tmaf&cted by tbe misohiafhehaddnoe, by burying in an Untimaly grave, a man who had never injured him, whose arm might be oeeéed io the pending decisive baitltf with tha bitberlo tlriuna-phant enemies of his country, and whose intnllact might-ot some future time liàve beeo usefuHy amp ployed in its council«« The severe bodily pain which the dying officer hud for some time suffit red, bad escaped; and that calm and ease bad succeeded, which is tlie unoquivooal harbinger of approaching death, and which a Gracious Frovidaoca bas provided for the mortally wounded soldier, to enable bim to offer a la^t prayer for his distant fasnily, if he has one, or for tho pardon uf tiisowR sias. Turning his Intelligent eye upon his lata antagonist, be mildly said that'^he had desired to see him, for tbe purpose of assuring him of bis sincere forgivaaess —that we wished him happiness in ibis world«-^ that, as the noeans of securing it, he reoommendad to him, with the sinrerity ofa dying man, to endeavor to restrain the violence of his passions, tbe io> dulgence of which had deprived one of life, who had näver injured him, in thought or dead.'^ I am sattisfied that what 1 have said above does not entirely meet your inquiry, and that you will cxpect me to state what eifects itie scenes I have described, bad in forming my own principles, and governing my owti conduct. I bave already ataled an entire change in my seatimenu on the subject of j dueling, from those which I enuirtained upon my first entering tbe army; and for which im> excuse can be oOer^, but my extreme youth, and the bad example continually before me. In almost every other case, pos-sessad of the deliberate opinions of a man, you might safely eonelude that bis oop^ woukl be in oonfurmity to fhaok But such nlMI |i notthecaa» vrithmen oflba world, in rektkM I» tbe taws which form tha'*code of honor.** Abstfn^ ly considered, they all condena tbem, whilst m practice they adopt them. In all othor cases, ind^ jwiident men act from their own convictions, but in this case, upon the opinions of others, or ralhar from what they fear may be the opinions of otbnrs. I acknou ledge then, that tba oMnge of mjr «pinT ions, which I e admittad in rolatiun to. duelltag, had ^ othor inihlanoennn^ oanduot thjin lo determina me never to be tto aggrewor. Bttldtbough resolved to oflur no insult nor inflict any injury, 1 was determined to sufler none. When I left tbo army, however, and retired to eivil life, I ooniidorad myself authorised greatly to narrow tha ground upon which I will be willing to resort to a personal combat. To the determination which 1 had previ' ously made, to ofl^r im> iosnU or inflict any injury to giva occasion to any oM M call upon me in thif wa]r«(ibrafter witnasaii|t4hesohm wbich 1 have last dawribsd, the wanUÌiMid banort of tba world wwU not bave temsi*i*i le latel n piewl et biaaM«(a man w1mì»,1 ÌMì ì^ìummI,),! inwlved tn diaragMd all .ftllinrka upon m* edbdnnt wbtab «ouMìBntbeaMìalroad «lo ».ÜMtewt» mmuU, «r any icyury wbicb did «B%«iW ai]r Itfdtntiofi or ibnkappitnitMMi piMW àmf AmpOt» MUm» I i^fhejKnnb WattnmAiwipBÇgt jKypnraooaloamtatsi^ ; In t^látiota W , higher obügntloili imifohs, cdn ì ' any oinca8Ìon,ta' for a personallh «ompose the ood^., ! an», vary IWWf âÊ» ^tenae of or ttwer, on )k redresa laws which Ih^^dtiinm, ' - W, H. HARRISON. To AAitow B. ^ ^ñmmit^^íeJmrmOi FURTHER Ut|^LADBLPÚfA. Tbe evil spirit oif ibe not satiated by the burning of lW^vanin;»*». Friday nigb^tba ISt^tait^tlM Orpbka AáylÉm on <i3tb sttiM^ »bov#<eil$ó«rtim, wan mmtn fcy «odnwriycomnnwa. (J. S, Gaxetta, 4hat tliia bnlMlng«*^waa ^ 0¿i¿Éa* Asyh^Just ànisbed, ibr dnoHtaweaior«! ebibinDn« in fn way ooniMcted wkh tba «bélttìonis») a vary unObstmsive (iharity, vOndutMedby meri^eraorthe sodiKjr of Friends, exeluawètr, none <>f tban nMin-beri of abolition society. Tbe ehlldf«o, abM forty ia ilttmbl»r, iMbve^«^ «*«prbra|e« «^re not yei remavad to tba baiUii%, «lél tlw méI^ quenoaa HkiMlbave been/i«iful. Viàttimnim conditql ofiUeesMciation ara so ttnaMmOpMUe, and tbe imMy ao fory limited, tbat it ii'álM to imuine My an jn^nÍMd as to oommtr ^ oaWaj|li if K| idny #eningf the means of the society aol bebig sufficient IW tbe current expanseaoftbe prewt ía> stitution, w>icb is oooducted with more eeonony and less expense than any similar inetitution known.** On Saturday morning á large crowd aasemUed in 8tb street, and pracewied to the Afriota ohurcb on 6th above Lombard street. Tbey eaal bficMnta at the house, and the nlschier seeaed ebont «mn-mencing in earnest, Alderman Rusb «prang tñ freni of the crowd, and, feezing ooeortii^bf tW'Httg-leaders, put a stop to the atladi. Bnrly a« flttardny evaaing a demonatratiott war made ngunal tbe pri^ ling office o(4bi Ledger, but Üie ìinob wf« dpiened from making attack by tba prepnratioB|l mnds^by the Police for their reoe|Aion. lita CMtOM^ állM Ledger office was at a iMe hoar dtapnrasd bf « vlh port that tba Waoks at 7ih and Loinbari had riaan upon tbe wbita% and were bentiog ihem.. A pialot b»d t^ fired at this point, bat it « be «•> cehained whether any thing ebM bad Mpjpaned. It is stated, tbat, on tba same evenii^m ttfowd na> sembled on smaH street, aplace obie^«eMficdbjr Macks, out of the limits of.tbe City, and tdplung na atta<^ whan the Mack« iraUied and their assailants. AMernMn Mcldicbaal fiatasi tbat, tbo* he kt^nwe the face of every peraon living in ^riog Oaiden^ he did not know one of the wretobas c^pgagod in the burning of the Asylum on tStb «iseet. Uf «Mtne foeliogs of gr<»t indignatioA jpervede the regpeot-able cToas of tba people of f^iadalpbia at thla nor exampled outrage. We hope that tho press in the elavealaieiwai speak out itaopioioas fiealy in r^rd tethew ie* testable prgoevdings. The accounts of the late riots and destnaotion of property at Philadelphia are eakvlatad tOawdin fai the bosoms of all asaa who are ^ftiMÌdaef oldet and law the most sinosre rngret. WhUsl^Nlf 9ÙÌ fvt unqualified censure, however, it mm admitted that the understood cause of thè enoitemant nwwng the People, which lad to this oiitra|Bk ef n «iMr-aetar well calculated to mo«« the pMIe Ming. I hn ^nnse weoan only aapUln leonr tendera by throwing togMber signifioont intimationn of wbich wa findin the puWic prints, as follows: Nt.hL Frtm lU Pmaiàlfkim »ràU, It. ««At the celabraiiott of tbe ipening ofthaHiM^ yoang white feniaUa war« santwl beaidf joiwi t/à-yred pfn, and an inMi^gl^ ofeoMe end Me» nim^fy pra^r^ , Fnw liM Jkwto AiWr. **Oo Thursday morning a Convention «t^màm» from all parte of the Uoiied Stntaor«)«! W »»¿diir the condition of slaves, and deviee «Haàè to* thnir amelioratioa, and oontinned tliri^litantioM tlH about one oVileeh P. Ü. «heétlkw ei|lwd,wiHi tbe ieieniien. webeMete,or hefttoenieAewn session. Tha laorning printe iIm irtlMiii»»teea that an abolition meeting wouldteMÌ1h flf «ing.** ' ' * ' Fr^i tk» mUrnH tt. »We do not admire the taste th^ ften^tmit young ladies to sit aloagsideef • UMk tiwi »H if such is thair choice, ao be it. Theemtnih hee>t hat BO umpire in the matter, niuch W«a Imi ular violeoof^ • V*. -Ii^ rf «HMNi useless di*ouMÌpn« nnd hmm .1« Vmm^ lures, let them read al boma. Xbonm mt|ilk remember that tbetc nwes do not nendm mm^ diurk ground.^ -IneddMe«^ UynndallUif^ thsir teetiri ' «MIM ft Iñonney to theAiiiilbri t-ihiteeiMlfon« ;|htf1llii^ ittljl leenMiAfltMk^ gNlMiMlM'lt in^wMih Ihn ^Wirivei^wili wwflww shpwwjr • id<toiüd|k«hnhnthMt- -f g^^teHKA ;