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Bloomington Post (Newspaper) - July 6, 1838, Bloomington, Indiana My Mimi Mumm rom Quot is seek Xor Nero a Hob must by won by void. 3. Friday july 6, 1838. Ivo. Edited and full shed Evert Friday by m. L. Deal. Office on main cr08s Street first door West of maj. Hight s edited and full shed Evert Friday by m. L. Deal. Office on main cr08s Street first door West of maj. Hight s terms. Two dollars in Advance two fifty in six Mouths and Throe at the end of the year. No paper will to discontinued until All arrearage Are a it Aid up. I f7-aveutisemf.xts of ten lines or tees will be published three weeks for one Dollar and 25 cents for each additional in onion. All must be marked with the number of insertions or they will be inserted till forbid and charged accordingly. The Cash Nubit invariably accompany advertisements from a distance or they will not receive attention. All letters and communications add Esse i to the editor must to free of a Lostag. No variation whatever need in cod from these terms. List of Adil Nti. The following Gunter men Are Reijnen cd and authorized to act a agents to Sci Crivac subscriptions Volk Dve Lihi la pc. And receipt for Tho same. Thomas c. Johnson soccer la. Ii. Ii. Tii Huo will prove la. Hamlet. 11. , to Ali it Ireon la. John rare it Ciao iia India Iii. We. Ii ooh . Roluti a. Ltd. , la. D. A. a new Alhi la. J. S. Ike is , by. A ii i . , i Unkei Hlynn Montgomery co. La n. Poi in is Cliville la. La a. I. 1. i.i., i Al Ort la. i at ii it Roeii Rimli la. To in a la in . I rat enl Indiana cd no Niess ional. Iii us Day Juo 7, 1830. fill. Flip House on Rolion of or. Fali Ifield of , a of Comiti Ittu of lilo whole on the stale of lilt him. Or. Raiji of Virfil Iliia in the i Lara i Inus a ii ult Moi Rose to move in favor of ii Cert Hills a r. Ltd a r ian.1, of Louisiana sic cell d in catch lit Cyl of the i hair Mun and ived of Ial it a in the Bill irom Uio Senate to Grant or idiom id settlers in Public lands. The Bim was Reu i. Who Reading of Tho act Uitich the Hill is inti filed to Continuo in Force being lulled for in was read As follows act of20ih May 1c3�o. An act to Grant re Ein lion Rij hts to settlers on the Public lands. Lie it enact cd i Hie Senate and House of in Jyre. In Calives of the United Statica of America in Congress , i a j hat every settler or occupant of inc Public lands prior to the passage of this act Quot who is now in , and cultivated any part thereof in the year one thousand eight Hundred and shall be and he is her Tiby authorized to cuter with the Register of the ii id Ohio for the District in which such lands May lie by Legal suit in any number of acres not More than one he Nihell and , or a Quarter Section to Mcl Tidi his ii movement upon paying to the u. States tie Thi ii Price of Suid land provided i Mower i Liat no entry or Sale of any land shall in made under Tho provisions of this act which ship a have been for Tho use of the United states or either of the several slates a which any Ufilio Public lands May he situated. Sec. Kaiui be in Ful Ier enacted that if two or More persons be settled upon Tho Samo Quarter Section the same May to divided Between Tho two first actual Selt Lorii if by a North and South or Easi and West line Tho sell cont or in Provo ont of each can inc a clouded in a Alfip Maiier Section and in such Case the said Selliers shall each be entitled to a Preemption of eighty acres of land elsewhere in kind land District so us not to interfere with other bottlers having a right of Prole hence. A x. 3. J i Ltd he in further Mue cd. That prior to any anti Les being male i user Tho privileges Given by this net a roof or improvement shall to made to Tho of Tho Register and receiver of the land District in which such lands Raylio agreeably to Tho Ules to to Prem rib cd by Tho Czinu missioner of the Cie neral land Ollice for that purpose which Register and receiver shall each be entitled to ret Eive Lifty for his services therein. And that All assignments and transfers of the 1 ight of pre Emilton Given by this act prior to the iss Iunce of patents shall be null and void. . 4. And be in further eucled. That this act a Hall not delay the sales of any of Tho Public lands of Iho l Uit cd slates beyond the Lime which has been or May to appointed for that purpose by Tho i resident a proclamation nor shall any of the provisions of this act be available to any person or persons who shall fail to make Tho proof and. Payment re Muired before Tho Day a it pointed for the of Tho sales of lands including the Truel or tracts on which Tho right of Preemption is claimed nor shall Tho right of pro option Contemp lated by this act to any Laud which is to served from Sale by act of Congress or by order of Thel resident Jor which May have been for any purpose whatsoever. Sic. 6. And be in further enacted that a his act shall be and remain in Force fur Ono year from and user its j Assa a. The lol Louig is a copy of the Bill with the no Edmonts which Hud l eco reported from the onion tit u on Tho i Public lands. Trio amendments i o printed ill a to Ulm Iho part Pio Pobud Tobe a Rieken out is included in Breukels. An act to Grant preen no Ion rights to Selt Lere on the Public funds. Be u enacted by the. Senate Anil House of Reive Scala lives of the United states of Auie Rica in von Gress a sem bled. That every actual Sottilo Roythe Public lands being the head of a family or Over Twenty one years of age who was in Possession and a housekeeper by pors Oual Resi Jiuu Thui Oon on or before the Fust Day of december Eig Liu in and thirty Tuvou shall to entitled to ail the Grant Preemption rights to settlers on the Public lands Quot approved May 29th, eighteen Hundred and thirty and the said act is hereby revived and continued in Force two years proc cd that where More than one person May have settled upon and cultivated any one Quarter Section of land each of them shall have an equal share or incest in the said Quarter Section but shall have no claim by virtue of this act to any other land and provided ahoy. That this act shall not be so construed As to give a right of Preemption to any person or persons in con sequence of any settlement or improvement made before the of the Indian title to the land on which such settlement or improvement was made or to the lands lately acquired by trenly with the Miami tribe of indians in the stale of Indiana of which was made by us president of the United state on the a Day of dec or to any land specially occupied or reserved for town lots or other purposes by authority of Theu. States and that nothing herein contained shall be construed to of acct any of the selections of Public lands for the purposes of education the use of Salt Springs or Lor any other purpose which May have been or May be made by any state under Laws of the United states but this act shall not be so construed As to deprive those of Tho benefits of the act who have inhabited according to its provisions certain fractions of ii he Public lands within the land District of Palmyra in the slate of Missouri which were reserved from Sale in consequence of the surveys of Spanish and French Grants but Are found to to without the lines of said Grants car aug fractions or regular Legal subdivisions of the Public lands which Luthc been reserved from Sale in consequence of the filing of a claim to a French or Spanish Grant or donation which was four us or which hereafter May he found an actual Survey or location of such claims to be without the limits of said claim or any other reservation except As is Hereinbefore specified. Or. Boon chairman of Tho committee on Public lands the commit co in an and support of the Bill. He adverted to the prejudices entertained by some against pre cup toners who had been denominated land pirates and that in a Quarter Tho least expected. To went into a general Eulogy on the character of this class of settlers of whom he had Hirn Selt been one having entered Indiana 27 years since with a wife and four children and in circumstances which did not enable him to pay for a Home he had therefore settled on the Public Domain where hostile indians were his nearest neighbors and where the Bear Earth was his Hearth and floor. He insisted that the government lost nothing by giving its lands to the squat tors at the minimum Price for the auction sales averaged but g cents Over that amount was this a ludic sent inducement for the Clovern ment to drive these poor people from their Homes if the Preemption system was abandoned a the Hardy sons of Tho West must Content themselves with inferior land else pay an advanced Price to speculators. Or. D. Went into some statistical statements to show Tho Large portion of the moneys paid for Public lands which came from non residents but said he was not in the habit of making speeches for Dun Combe and therefore would not prolong his remarks lie moved to fill Tho Blank in the Resolution with Tho 22d of december 1837. Or. Eve Viii did not Rise to make a speech for Bun Cumbe nor to entertain Tho House with his own biographical history. When he undertook to give that to would give it entire. To understood Jill Boon s allusion land pirate As aimed at a distinguished individual elsewhere but said that he had himself been present when the so Cech alluded to had been delivered and it was utterly false that the settlers had been designated land pirates. That individual was incapable of heaping abuse on that class of cilia cons having himself done More to Benefit Tho population of Tho now states than any other Man now living. To would pronounce no Eulogius on the settlers their own conduct was their Buist Eulogius. They Hud never been wanting to Tho coun try and would not to Yanling to themselves. If Tho system of re Ems lion were now about to to introduced or. E. Should oppose it As inexpedient amp i injurious but it , and he should vote Lor the Bill. He wished to Olur an Aine dment however which should enable his state to get her just due and thereby Aid her in those ii Oblo schemes of internal improvement in which she was engaged. Or. Ewing then moved to Amend the amendment by granting to Tho state of Guiana the right of Preemption to Tho Miami Reserve Luiis except to those already settled. To understood Thero were but six settlers in Tho situation described so Tho proviso would give but six Preemption rights. Or. Martin of Labama imputed whether Tho a my Widmont was in order As the Bill the lands in the Miami Reserve. Tho chair decided Tho amendment Lobo in order. Or. Muritu expressed his Hope that Tho gentleman would withdraw it. It Only tended to Embarrass Tho Bill and had no connection with the subject. Or. Ewing expressed amazement at this opinion insisting that the subject of the amendment and that of Tho Bill were so intimately connected that they could net to separated. Or. Herod of Indiana was in favor of both branches of the proviso but asked for a division that the question might by first put on grail bag the Preemption right to Tho state and then of the residue. Or. Johnson of Louisiana opposed the amendment As containing an entirely new Pri Nopple. No Preemption Bill had Ever been passed conferring a Preemption right upon a state. Other states wore de in internal improvements As Well a Indiana amp might with equal propriety claim the Samo privilege. If the gentleman wanted Hia Roea Aure to Tho minimum Price not Man deserving the character of a statesman would refuse to offer. Such an arrangement would save millions from speculation a is speculation. Indiana had asked this by a of her legislature and if it were refused he hoped that none of the delegation would vote for the Bill. Or. Dunn advocated the amendment. The general government never could realize More than the minimum but the state government could amp would. The Treasury was need of Money and Tho state would pay the whole amount at once. Or. Pop it said the plan was somewhat new and not strictly connected with the Bill. He should not however oppose it but thought if the slate entered any part of the lands Sho ought to enter the whole. Or. Ring said that was just what the state desired. Or. Underwood objected to the amendment As introducing a novel principle. Preemption was not to be Given to the settlers but to Tho state Over their Heads. It furnished a very fair illustration of the whole system. Tho amendment virtually admitted that Tho land was Worth five dollars but that speculators by Hook or by Crook would manage to get it from the United states at $1,25. They could not however come round Tho stale in that Way. She was Able and willing to look after her own interest. He was opposed to this. Of thai a lands Are to be for settlers he should say to the stale hands Olf. Or. Dunn said that Tho general principle of pre Emp lion rights consisted in the equity of rewarding those who had Gorio in Advance of civilization and encountered hardships and privations in subduing Tho wilderness. To lie i Ilion 111� Lim of 8iiil Claiton or any other reservation of Ccpas is or. Underwood suggested that no Preemption right ought to be granted on Tho affidavit of Tho settler that to had not obtained a previous Preemption on other lands. Or. Lincton pro Oid an amendment in the shape of a proviso that Preemption rights should not extend to any individual who had obtained the same bin Ella before or. Underwood of Kod How this was to to ascertained or. Lincoln said the Rondo of proof had always be ii settled by u Rule of the department. Or. Underwood preferred an of Davit and offered an amendment to that elect. Or. Lynco Noh fated to this As holding out too Strong a temptation to perjury. Or. L. Then went at Largo into a general discussion of the policy of the Bill ill ii he adverted to Tho very limited re reset ratio i of the old states in the committee on Public , and Trio tend ency of such a stale of things to throw into Tho hands of the new states a larger portion Gilliu common Domain than they were i girly tied to. Who be to present a Ull report of this Szcech hereafter or. May of Illinois moved in Tinei dment to extend the Lite grunting Preemption rights to any persons Wiio a now or Liali hereafter Havo lived twelve Moi on the Public lands. Lie vindicate in the character of Tho Sci Lerg do for cd the course of this state and corrected what to held to be a misunderstanding us to the present i ecu Sivc icing the Friend of Tho Preemption system. It was True tha j resident had recommended but that principle had no Applina a ii.j.,. ��1, but it was to w up the , and pre Tiou to settlers on the Mimi Reserve. They had vent its continuance for the figure. Tho executive cleared no wilderness but had settled on a Fertile track in the heart of the state. They had Thor Foro no equitable claim but Tho state had expended Large sums of Money in the construction of a canal and rail Road. Or. Williams of North Carolina agreed with or. Underwood in his objections to the amendment. Tho True principle of Preemption was Tho Protection of settlers against speculators. To give this right to a stale did not affect that object. He should Reserve any general remarks to had to make on Tho system to a subsequent discussion. Or. Herrod thought that the opposition to the amendment arose mainly from a want of information As to the True jew Sirion of these lands. This Reserve Hud been until recently in the Possession of the indians. They had relinquished their title by the treaty of 1834, which treaty however was not Rati died until 1837. It was True the settlers would not be benefited by the amendment but they were not entitled to any Benefit. They were not on the lands at the time of Tho treaty. Refusing Tho Preemption right to Tho state would not secure it to Tho Sellera otherwise he should feel reluctant to vote for the amendment but it proposed no injustice to any while it would Confer a great Benefit on the slate. He admitted that these lands wore very valuable to wished that the few settlers who had been on the land by the sul Branco of Tho indians at the time of the treaty should be provided for. They were industrious and harmless men his neighbors and his own immediate constituents lie was Well acquainted with them and it was to save their interests that he had called for a division of the yes Tion. The question was now put on or. Ewing s amendment which was rejected. The question then recurring on the amendment proposed by Tho committee on Public lands. Or. White of Indiana prot Rivici Ogu a us coed let him introduce it in an Independent form and let ii be referred to the committee of Romu amp canals. Or. Ewing denied that the principle waa a new Ono and protested against the idea of giving to a div idul settlers what was Ruli ised to a slate. And As o All a Lutea havin Quot an equal Clain it f they Oil of presented his views on the subject which to h0i 0 to give hereafter. Or. Casey opposed the amendment a going to Embarrass the Bill. Or. Boon though not strenuous in its favor thought it ought to pass. Or. Goode then moved to Amend Tho amendment by granting the reserved alternate sections at the Price of $2,60 per acre on Tho Miami canal line in that state to Tho state of Ohio once t those sections now settled and improved. Or. G. Said he of Herod this Aine dment in Couse Jii ence of an exit eci ution which had Early Ixion entertained that these lands would be thrown of Market. He had at an Early period Oile cd a Resolution prox it sing that these alternate a actions should to sold to the state of Ohio at an acre by which the United states would realize the Price of Tho whole at $1,25. The Grants to Ohio and Indiana for the constriction of those canals Sci c a great Benefit for which the states wore duly Gia c Lul. Yet the effect had been greatly to re the settlement of Tho country. Tho lands from Sale wore among the Best in the state t in it now asked that they should by brought into Izui in by the United states. There were indeed a thu meritorious Sellers for whom Reserve to k made but these wore in All Paul Tabili a less Twenty. Or. G. Alfored this men Domeni in pursuance of instructions from his state. A pie Emit icon right was not indeed the Shapo which he should prefer but it would secure the object in View. Or. Snyder opposed the amendment. If that measure must Paas to honed it would be introduce of in a separate Bill. The fiends of the present Bali wished it to proceed on Broad and general principles extending equally to All citizens of Tho United Stales. He waa opposed to special Grants Whu a departed from the general principle and opposed to grouting land a masses to a Staio to speculate up ii. The question waa now Pulon or. Gojo Santon ment and it waa rejected. The Amend Mot proposed by the co Minitte on Public lands was briny advocated by or. Wilt acid of North Carolina and agreed to. The following aug Edmunt moved by Tho committee of Public Londa was Aloo agreed to strike out All after the word prov Guiou Quot As printed in Brac Kota and assert certain fractions or regular Legal subdivisions Tho Public lantis which Havo bean re Burud from Sale in Voiiso it in Eucy a of. Of it claim to French or Spanish Grant or Doni Liioi which Witt found or which he Roulier in ii u. Far from being u Friend to the Syblein wished it i imply i abolished. Or. Cush Ian said something in vindication of the president which could not be la eard by Tho Revoner. Or. May in reply produced a list of votes Given by the president when in the see Al in Opp Oai Tion to Western measures on the ground of which he ascertained that the president waa no Friend of the West. Or. M. Now withdrew his amendment until that of or. Lincoln should be disposed of. Or. Boon defended the votes referred to As proof of or. Van Burenest Fidelity to his own state of new York. He thought Tho gentleman from Illinois bad paid the president a very High compliment. He scouted the idea that there was any necessity for an affidavit to prevent 1 Man s obtaining Many Preemption rights. Such a thing had rarely happened but if a settler wished to disk 8eof the Home be bad got by a Preemption and to remove into another slate Why might he not inequity obtain another pre Emi Tion right or. Lincoln said that Tho Man then ceased to be a settler and become a Spucci Lator. Or. Boon said he was willing to accept the offer which was made by or. L. To Amend the Bill of As to require a Stottl Zinent and cultivation of four months to entitle a Man to a Preemption. Or. Loomis of new York waa in favor of the Bill but not approving All its provisions. He offered a lengthy amendment by Way of substitute to toll ova the enacting Clauve. Or. Lincoln his assent to the offer of or. Boon and proposed that Theda Tein the Aniene mint should to changed to the 1st of june 1838, a the i habitation and cultivation to be four Moat a previous. The committee now Rose. Ordered that this Bill and also that of 1830, to which it has reference together with All the amendments be printed. Banner of the 15ih says a midst the pressure of Tho times and in the face of double prices for almost every thing our City is i Rovig More than for several years past. New buildings Are going up old ones undergoing additions and repairs and our streets and Side walks t assuming less of a break Nick character. Seven roads Lin shod and untidy bed radiate to uni the City in All directions. To have an Bun Duisit Suh by of Coal and the water works distributor a fluid to every Section. We have in re be capitalists an a Iivo to a Morce an inexhaustible i virility Ltd. I in round about a navigable River in Shuri elements of a great capital Are Here i and City is advancing by steady yet sure a might to wealth and grandeur to which her Lieut Evi Eully Points. Lions Fiill City Gazelle. R brei i and riving a i he Alian \ i i. I Jour dial Silies Ohio of the Ciu Elest 1 Luil in in i Ever Leeh our lot to Hoar of. One of Iho Lur Quot in y re ii Urs in Norih go hair having served Lor u Long Limo tie ranks of the party lately Ilioiu lit a nut Limo to have an alot ont of some it orig ii of the spoils mud to accordingly wrote id he Fri Silas Wright for in appointment ill the new Voik custom Hou of. To very soon received a Reitci learing Tho s Frank which he broke open in thu full that it contained it to Hud asked for. Any Hikly however Ai quam Ted a sum wellor Maya with a Hamulic ii tur Muy judge of Hilt feelings and his physio Gummy when in Tead of Hii commission he Lound a c by of one Ltd Iteal uii a speech it. Albany n. Y. Daily advertiser contains Tho following. Tho editors inks c4jneetly Quot we have i tie doubt that with a Jority of Tho yeomanry of Tho Ataw. Villiam Hon in Harrison is the most popular Eon diddle for the next presidency. An into Lifonti Gleeman from the county of Montgomery informs a that the warmth in sup Ikiri of Lla Riison in that county a the Farinela nearly a the whigs give him their decided per Renoe and to have declared their cad in a to 11 to ene us Liliu 11 i Louii t let same put is i.t-d thin a hid Mij i Quot

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