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Bloomington Post (Newspaper) - January 19, 1838, Bloomington, Indiana Di it Mniiiiiiiiiiiüiii ^mi VOL. S.FRIDAY JANUARY 10, 1838. NO. «. edited and pudlisiied every fridayBY M, L. DEAL. OrriCE cn main cross strket, first POCK west m.\j. h.'c.iit'«. TKR.MS. Two dollarn in advance, two fifty in bi'x montlis illd three at the end of tlie year. No paper will be discontinued until all arrearages are paid up. ftr^AvEETtsEMENTs ol ton lines or less, will be pub-iie^d three weeks for one dollar, and 25 cents for each additional insertion. All advertiseiiients iiuistlio marked with the num ber ofin8«rtionB,or they will bo inserted till forbid and charged accordinply. The CASH muKt invariaMy accompany advertise nienietfrom a distance or rlipy wiil not receive atten tibn. • All letters and comnninicationB addrpssod to the e.litor must be free of postagr. No variation whatever need be expected fro:ii thino terms. LIST Or AG 1:NTo. , The following gentlemen arc rcijucsted and authorized to act as agents: to rrccivo Subscriptions Job Wotk^Sdveriieing &c. ami l eci'ipt for the same. taohas C. Johnson, Spencer, la. H. H. Throop, Mill (irove, la. Samuel H. Smyth, Bowliiip;grocn, la. ( Gamaliel Millsai-s, Fairfax,ia. Wm. Herod, Esq. Cohiinbiif, la. E- G. Watman, Martifislitirs, la. D. A. Rawlinos, Nuvv Albany, la. J. S. Irwin, Louiaviile, Ky. George May, Parkeisbur^, Montgomery Co. la. Wm. S. Roberts, Esq., Nashvillf, la. Dr. I. B. Maxwell, Frankfort, la. John Batterton, Greencastlo, la. George G. Dunn, Esq. Bedford, Indiana.WHIG CELEBRATION; SPEECH of mr. i..ane. Mr. Chairman and Felloic citizens: 1 feel deeply grateful for the undeserved and un-csjiected honor which this meeting has done me, in calling on me to bear son,e part in thej^eneral rejoicing which filli this mighty nation throughout its length. I can" but ft ol an nnusual degree of em-barrassnwnt in the novel and interesting position in which I find myseli at this lime, but I am encouraged to proceed bj tho reiliiction, that although many whom I have tln! hutior ti) iiddresson this occasion are personally niiluiuwii to itie, yet thank (tod, you are no strangers tu ila- joyous event whi> h hos bid us to assemhiu und iningio our notes ol joy And gratulatioa with our W hif» brethren, "from the bleak and frozen north" to the beaming and sunlit vallieaofthe chivalric stiu h. We have met to celebrate a great victory "ia tin' hoiiest cause that ^tongua or sword of mortal ever lost or pained." The patriot's yision has been gluddened by the Morning beams ol^thiU star which has lately risen to dispel the and error which for the last eiglit ^or ten years liave eoi-lu oudcd the glory of * tho empire state. The sirri;; h^ld of power and corruption has been broken uji, and the citadel oi - the spoilsman has been leveled with the ettr'.h 'from foundation to turret sttjne." \\ e verily have car-fie^the war into the enemy's country, and the ban-noj of the Whigs now floatf> |iroudly over the ruins of the city ofllannibul. We li_avc nut met to celebrate a victory over our ciieinies, nor the enemies of our country, but over our friends and fellow-citizens who are equally honest and eijually patriotic with ourselves; and far be it liom me ujjon this or any other occasion, to charge improper motives to tht^real majority of the party to wliich we stand opposed, whatever I may think of the time-serving and reckless course of the leaders of that party. Vet I do believe, that the party in power are under the influence 6f erroneous doctrines and principles, and under tho gnidance of [lartizan leaders whose first object is the "glory of Csesar and not the welfare of Rome," ond i-nder the influence of Ijfiders who make à trttfic of tiieir principles, a merclian-dizo of their patriotism. 1 do believe that wo now rejoice at the victory of virtue over vice, of light over darkness, of patriotism over power; aud m this view of tho suhjcct, who that has one drop of A-inoiicnn bloòcÌ in his vein«-, or un American heart in his bosom, will not irjoict—yea, wilTriot rejoice uith exceeding great joy. If we are accustomed to rejoice nt the >iciory heralded by tho widow's Inifieiit and tho orphan's cry, and followed by blighting devastation and death, may we not rejoice nt this bloodless ti iuinph of principle^ which scatters its rich blessings upon all, whctlior they may have aided in its achievement or notf Hut in order to improve properly our victory and to estimate its fruits it may not be amiss to retrace Àio steps of that astonishmg man whom the j)eo-ple'a gratitude elevated to the ligrit office upon earth ; tie whom tho people loved "not wisely, but alas! too ■iell."it was natural that the people should love itnd admire his military character, and wish to reward hi« services in defence of his country. In fact It has ever been the minfortune of man, in every age of his history, to follow blindly the dazzling meteor of military renown. I^t us then calmly rc\ iow the steps by which ho mounted to a power 111 thui republic unparalleled in our history, unknown to our constitution, and which vhreitened to overthrow that go\trnn:ent over which ho had tk cn called to preside. It may not b«j uiunirrestiiig to recall some of tho nmiiy ì|kìcÌiius pledges by winch ht; lured liis fol lowers on, mid anioothed his way to power. What, fidlow-citizens, has bccunie of the doctrine that a President should nerve but one term? That was pleas-unt ill theory but disagreeable in practicc, and he found It conveniunt to disregard it. Whut bus be-/'oiiie of the doctrine thai members of Con shou.'d lint receive e.xeeutivB appointments^ 'iliat pledge realized by appointinu more members of Congress to office than any of his predecessors had done? What has become of tho rallying cry of tho {wirty from Maino to tho (Julf of Merico—re trenchin^^ the ordinary expenses carried out by in-i'lcasing iwo-fbld, and by reducing the linancoj ol . this country from the highe<t state of prosjHjrity to {;«<ggnry unj ruin, if this be tetrecnhinunt und re firjj., <iad, his mercy save us from any niure :igi-ess Was such retrenchment and reform. , fellow citi zens, I would ratlicr have the ruinous e.vtrava-gance of John Q. Adams'administration, including even the furniture of the farfpmed east-room, than this prudent, saving, reforming administration of the 'greatest and best.' There wos another doctrine, that federal officers should not interfere with the freedom of elections. That, sir, has been fulfilled by organizing a trained band of forty thousand office holders, selected on account of their par-tizan services, and who hold their offices only on condition that they will cry, yea, so be it, and amen! to all the arts of tyranny which their master may he pleased to perpetuate; his promises were "like dead sea fruit, that tempt the eye but turn to ashes oil the lijis.^' I speak these things in no spirit of bitterness or rancor, but "more in sorrow than in anger: and fellow citizens, to say nothing of violated pledges, what are the positive evils which the late administration has entailed upon the country? I shall only stop to examine somo of them. In the first placc, it has enacted a revolution in public sentiment in relation to the very basis on which our government rests. It has taught too many of the people to look to the President for all authority— legislative, judicial, and e.\ccutive. It has ilestroy-ed the checks and balances of our constitution. It has substituted the wiil of one man for the will of the people. It has humbled the representatives of 13 millions of freemen, so that they bend before the oil-conquering fiat of executive dictation. The late adiiunistion has engendered a cruel and vindicative spirit of proscription, not only at war with the principles of this government, but contrary to the spirit of all free-governments. This spirit of party proscriptions the same that inveuted the tortures of liie inquisition, and baptised the banner of the cro-s in the blood of its piotis and devoted followers; and, sir, ifthis spirit is not speedily checked, by the awakened energy and resistless might of a free people, our happy institutions will soon be consigned to the grave of despotism—to that grave which knows the light of no resurrection morn, and over w hich no flowers of hope shall ever spring to cheer the patriot's vision. 'The practice of the late e.\ecutive of removing his political opponents from ollii.'e without charge or accusation, but merely for opinion's sake, cull it by what name you will, it is oii(/ of the most odious features of an irrosponsible monarchy. The subject of the currency, fellow-citizens, is one of great importance at this (¿crisis, and one to which all eyes are turned with intense interest. In fact it cannot, for it is intimately connected with the prosperity and business of the people. This gr<!at question of the currency must sooner or later be settled by the people, and it hould 1x3 settled speedily and permanently, for ev-erv agitation of this exciting question convulses government to its deep foundations. But we cannot np|)ly the remedy till we know the diseaso. 'ect: at the time Noah was building the Ark to These llliow citizens, oro some of the political prpscrve himself and fiifiiily, when it first f)rgttn to abuses and l)ere-<ics ngamst wliich we have con-rain a man came to Noah and asked to bt; adniilted tended, antl althotigh we h.Tve met witl^ Tl^.X rein the Ark. Noah .said h'j could not let him in, it verses, yi t wo are unsult lu' d and a;i;).oiien in was against Divine appointment. He then w ent a- spirit, and li":e w are re«dy. way andVayeU till tho whole earth was covered ! ..t„ ,,,ear before God'e burning cvc, with water, and camo again with the same request. | To break our chains ordie." when the water had raised to his chin, and asked a- ¡, „e„r «t hand, who can dispair of final success in gain to be admitted. Noah still relused. The man then told him to go to tho d—I wi^h ,his old boat, for ho did not thinJt there would be much' of a shower any^how. And, sir, in a few short months after this cry of no pressure, the distress in the couritry was such as to justify a call for a spccial session of Congress, and the grounds taken by the President in his message was, that although distress and great pecuniary embarrassment pervaded the whole country, yet, that this distress was all caused by j o* ertrading and speculation. These may have caused the sudden revulsion in tho business ol the country;'but we must look back still farther & see, if we can, what caused thi.s speculation and overtrading. I think it may be traced to the im-pienso^^issue of irredeemable state bank paper,^ anil t/iai the issue would,not have been nmdo hut for the bank of the United States was about going out of existence, and state banks sprang up to supply its place;"and when they no longer dreaded "'.he correcting nnd controlllug influence of that institution, they made large issues, as they supported, with impunity ;they were also induced to increase their circulation on'acconnt oftho government deposites, which were lovlged in their keeping!! And another reason why their is-<iics were increased was, that their notes had a^wider circulation after the United States,bank went down. Before that time) their currency and circulation were confined to their immediate neighborhouti; but ^fg^soon as there was no hank paper iti/shich the people hadj|;general confidence, they were then forced to take state bank paper, and as long as the government gave to state banks all they wished and asked them for nothing, the experiment worked wellenouh; butj when the late distribution act began to take etllct, the bubble burst. The truth is, that the'government superinduced all the speculation and overtrading of w hich it so long'and loudly conqilains; and 'stranie that the governme«t should reproach the people with overtrading. As well might Satan reproach Eve for her fall. The truth is, that whenever the currency of the country is suddenly and greatly increased, and the price of labor and every article of value greatly'enhanced, men will desert the useful and lalx)riousavocations"of life, and go into [wild & reckless speculation. It is in the natujejof man to turn his labor into that channel which will yield the most immediate profit, at least nominally so. The great mistake of our,"citizens for seven year back, has been tho attempt to get rich by exchaiij^-ing values instead of creating values. I think the cannot npp y ne remedy till we Know the diseaso, ation A: the present one have brought atidif we look to the cau.scs which produced the j ^„j vitiation in the currency, present deranged and violated state of our currenev. • ^„j threatens "to we will fmd that It is all chargeable to the late ad- luinistration. First a majority of the people's rep-¡cc,m:uu,.itv. At the late special sess'ion of Congress, resentutives passed a Lill re-chartermg the Iknk of ,, .vithholding the fourth instal- tlie Limed .suites but the President in his great I ^^ wisdom vetoed the bill. And why, fellow citizens ? ^f iheSational government pledged to the Ostensibly bccauso lie said ho had constitutional scruples, but really and in fact because he could not mould the bank to his wishes, or make it minister to his ambition. 1 hope there is no need of my entering upon argument now 'to prove the constitu-tirimlity of a bank of the United States. The first bank charter was signed by (ieorgo Washington, the father of his country ; ond the sccond by James .Madison, the father of the constitution ; aud who will presume to say that tbey, either knowingly or ignorantly, violated the constitution of their country ? yet there are those who even darò to .«ay so.— Not contented with attacking the bright, the virtuous, tlu' taleiiti'd, and the patriotic among the living, and tttteinptiiig to biiiig tliem down to their ow :i degraded level, they must even make inglorious warfare upon the grave, and desecrate and profane the a.shes of buried greatness! Tell it not to the American people, that Washington and Midi-son knew less of the constitution than do these quack phy.sicians of stale and footstep treaders, who have so recklessly experimented on tl.c currency oftho country. The past history of the country shows conclusively the expediency of a bank of the United States. The next act in the war u|)on tho bank w as the removal of the public fuiuls from a place of perfect security and placing them in the vaults of irresponsible stale banks», thereby holding up the iimnensc revenues of this government as a bribe to corruption and a luie to ambition. This measure was not taken in accordance with wishes The ni;.\t act was the issuing of the famous specie circular, on the res|ionsibilily ofihe President. The embarrassineut, ditliculty and distress, which that measure broug^l upon the country, is known to you all Thus we find that tho people have had nothing to do with regulating the cm rency for several years past. It has been regulated and controlled solely by the I'lesident and liis cabinet;—the late democratic aJnunistrution is justly chargeable with tho whole of It; and, sir, tho lute democratic Presi-dent-ye>, that very pink ofdeinocracy-tlittt hero of vetoes, has brou-^ht about all this wide spread ruin which covers this country. And yet this man, and the par!> whom he has rallied, to his support, now uflect to be the e.\clusive democrat-^ - the only si inon puies! -and if democracy consists in breaking down commerce, destroying and paralyzing tlie eflbrts of honest industry, theti they are pre-eminently entitled to tho name ol democrats: but if de mocracy is a government by the people, ond if men should show their democracy by respecting and obeying the will of the people, Ihen it would seem to me that these modern ruftle-shirted patent demo-crat'fj^'httve .stolen the livery of Heaven to serve the ('ÒV1I 111."" NN'o were lately told by those in (lower, that there was no pressure in the country which an honest man need fear. This, fellow eitizenf, was told only a few shorl months ago. This cry, of no prestiure reminds ma of an anecdote 1 have touiewhero heard, t* this of- government pledged slates, and trampling under foot the solemnity of contracts and destroying vested rights; and another law passed at the special session, authorizing the issuing of ten millions of dollars in treasury notes, w hich being interpreted, means the borrowing often millions of dollars, at interest, to austnin a treasury fast verging towards bankruptcy. The sub-treasury scheme also cut a considerable figure in the message. That measure would bave greatly extended the patrona^o of the President, which already threatened w ith its ¡londerous weight to overwhelm tho constitution and laws of tho nation. The sub-treasury scheme was the marriage contract between the purse and the sword; and, sir, it needs no gift of prophecy to foretell the fatal con sequences of such union.—They are written in characters of blood upon the pagss of republican history. You may read them in the triumph of Cii'sar over Roman lilierty; you may read them in the history of the all-graspin|f ambition pf Cromwell ; you neay'see them in,'tKe bright, brief, and meteor career of Na[)o!eon. At that session, for the first time, was heard the party cry of divorce the government from all conne.vion with banks. Can you divorce the government from the currency of the country ? As well may you divorce animal life from the atmospheric air, or man from the blood which warms his heart. If this renseUss cry means any thing, it is that the federal oflicers shall receive their salaries'in gold and silver, and the democracy of numbers must transact their business in ehin-plasters.—At the special session, a resolution was intichliiced to thi'» effect: that whenever a majority of the people should require it, it would then be expedient to charter a national bank ; but to the reproach of free government—to the everlasting disgrace of an American (Congress, this resolution was voted down by a strictly party vote. Thus we see that there is no chance of changing the policy ofll»e administration without changing the administration itself. We can hope for no relief from the general government until the ¡copie take their own work into their own hands, and ml the country from the w ithering curse of the nial-admiiii->trulion under which we have so long gruaii ed. We aro now told by those 111 power, that the national government has no coii.Ntitiitional authority to regulate the currency; ihnt the very go\< rn UK 111 which wo ha\e seen and felt t.i be all |)o\ver-lul for [lurposes of mischief and ruin—a very dc inon for destruction—has no pow er for goo<l. It is but lately, sir, that the government disclaimed the authority over the currtncy. were told that by thè agency of stato bank, we should have a bet ter currency than the United States bank afforded us, and that the state txinka ami the deposito sys tem answered all the objectx of their creation. If those objticts were to render honest industry un productive, to dismantle your metchanl bhip», break down your manufactories, Mtid prostra.0 credit, then they may have answered such object*. so good a cause, when we shall liave the united efforts of the w hole whig parly, and when we reflect that we are contending in behalf of constitutional liiw and equal rights, in behalf of that sacred pri -cipleof freedom which warmed the heartsand nerved the arms of our revolutionary sires; which lit up her watch-fires amid the eternal snows of Switzerland; that prize of liberty which is written io light upon the glorious institutions which blaaa iwd a-dorn our beloved country?—Who can doubt of success when he lookj to the recent electionsf There has been a general rising of the jpeople in their might from the rock-bound shores otMaineU) good old North Carolina, tho Rip Van Wiakle of the Union. Fellow-citizcns,can we doubt of aue-coss, whilst we number in our ranks the HASpsoN*«, the Clay's, and the Webster's, 01' the Nation. It is true that calumny and detraction have done their worst upon their names, yet as moral, political, and intellectual giants, they tower io our midst a-bove the region of party storms; and although slander may, for a time rest with its withering curse upon their character, yet like the morning cloud upon the mountain's brow ; although for a session it may obsecure, it nevc.r can diminish their political elevation. But, feUow-citizens, we have a great work to accomplish, and one which can only b© effected by a union of effort. We mdstnot. fall out by the way. We must have but one candidate for the Presidency. We must give up, if neoeasary, our personal preference^ and local prejudices, and predilections. We must lose sight of the fact that we are or have been Clay men, or Harrison men,' or the friends of Webster, in the .more important consideration, that we are Whigs and Aincrican citizens; and if that candidate should be tke veteran soldier, whose name and glory is identified with the history of Indiana, he who when a mere boy went forth, not to the "tented, but to the tentless field" in defcnce of his bleeding country, he upon whom every eye was turned when darkness, gloom, and despondency, hung over the north-western frontier, he w ho has always proved himself honest, capablei and faithful to the Constitution in the di8ctia,rge of all duties confided to him, he who has so oAen led the chivalry of the West to victory,and planted the American eagle upon England's prostrate lion—thé sage, the hero, the statesman—or whether that candidate be the great orator of the West, the dis-tingushcd father of the protective policy and internal im|>rovement, he whose voice has ever been raised m behalf of soflfering humanity, he who held out the first encouraging hand which was extended to our sister republics of South America, he whose trumpet voice first bade redeemed Greece to take, her stand among the independent natioDS of the earth, he w ho has upon more than one trying crisis in his country's history stepped forward, and by the giant force of his own mind, unaided, and unassisted, calmed the waves of popular commotion which ihreatened to bury in ruins, the Constitution of the Republic and the Union of the States, Ijijt w hose history is the history of this Republic for the last thirty years. But I shall not detract from the character of IJenry Clay by any feeble eulc^y of mine, I let his public services, his talents, and patriotism, tell their own story. Or if that candidate should be the lion of the North, whose battles in defence of the Constitution have filled the nation with his praises, w e should be prepared to go for any one of distinguished Whigs, who may be selected as our candidate,, not luke warmly but with, ardent, devoted, and self sacrificing zeal; and in selecting our candidate we should look to character, principles, and talents; and also to the probability of success. If I may be permitted to hazard an opinion I should iuy uiihesitatingly that in my opinion we have more certainty of success with General Harrison as our candidate than with any other man. I am prepared to go for either of the men spoken of as candidates, on thi? subject. I have no non-conin.ittalism aud no concealment. I would that my principles were written on my forehead,or in tho language of one of Kentucky's most highly gifted sons whose patriotic blood has crimsoned tM heights of Tippecanoe, "I would that my principlea, were w ritten in characters'of sunshine athwart the noonday heavens that tho world might read them.'* —Party spirit may rear up its golden calvea, ^od Heathen gods for the blinded worship of its devotees; but wc, I trust, will not bend our freeborn knees, in devotion to them. Let others do as they will, as for us and our household, we will live in, ¿i if needs be, «lie fur the old fashioaeid Whig principles of seventy-six. If we are united we can but tiiumph. Revolutions, it is said, never go backwards, and who can doubt that a mighty revolution in public se'Aiment has already cpminencedt Why sir, every breeze is laden w ith the notes of tri(t|l|ph,^ and the songs of victory, ond the shouts of^y which fu st rose from joyous thousands on the Atlantic Seaboard, were repealed from tho heights of the Alle-ghunv, and now reverberates through the mighty \ alli'v of the Uathur of Waters, and the glad sound -,bu!l roll on uiiiil it shall wake the far distant e-chocs of tiie Ivocky Mountains. Fellow citizens, wing principles may decline else where, yet we may ri'l) w i!h undv iiig confidence on tho great West w here the revolution first commenced, "Htu e St lei^at are arms uhchained, And puuls that thraldom never suined." Who can doubt tho patriotic action ofthe great West, iliat West whose every fight is victory, "whose every hill-top is a fortress formed to freedom's hand," w hose every valley haa been drenched by the best blood ofher slaughtered sons, here at least shall altars ever stand dedicated to freedom'» true god. I ask of you, fellow-citiEcna, in this great emergency, this trying Unie ia your country's history, to »how yourselves worthy of the mighty dead fiom whom you are descended. ;