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Bloomington Post (Newspaper) - January 12, 1838, Bloomington, Indiana Vol. 8.friday january 13, 18�8. No. A. A ditto and published every Friday by m. L. Deal. Emit of Unis Cross Street first door West of Raj. Inight s. Terms. Two dollars in Advance two fifty in six Moilis and three the end of the year. No paper will to discontinued until All arrearage Are Aid up. Avert events of ten line or less will be published three weeks for one Dollar and 25 cents for each additional insertion. All advertisements must be marked with the number of they Wilt be inserted till forbid Ami charged accordingly. The cd a a mud to invariant by accompany advert is menu from a Distant ice or they not receive attention. All 1�u�n and communications Addre fed to the editor umber free of Poota. No variation Ali ate or a be a petted Tro ii those term. List of agents. The following gentlemen arc requested and authorized to act As agents to receive i subscription Job work advert sin 5 c. And receipt for the same. Thomas c. Johnson Spencer. La. H. H. Throop Mill Grove la. Samuel h. So Titi Bowlin Green la. Gamaliel Millsaps Fairfax la. We. Herod Esq. Columbus. La. A g. Wayman m Ortii Isburn la. D. A. Rawlings new All any a. J. S. Irwi a Louisville by. George May Parkersburg Montgomery co. La. We. S. Roberti Esq., Nashville la. Or. I. B. Maxwell Frankfort la. John Batterton Greencastle la. George g. Do Jan a a. Bedford Indiana. The from a Reech delivered in the United House of representatives octo la or 13 a 1837, by or. Naylor of Penn Sylvanin i a Noble Effort and dest Irvis an attentive perusal. We would Willind y insert in loto but we have not the room to spare a off. Cour. The House i Ivins nor Iii resolved itself into a committee of the whole on the Bill Quot Pinix using additional duties is depositor ios in certain eases on Public of i wry i or. Naylor of Pennsylvania said wac wih Prest Reluct Nncy that he Rose for the Fust time in this Hall. He Felt himself obliged to Rise. Ves said Ivr. A i am impelled to speak. I cannot remain silent. A voted for the i introduction of this Bill to our do Lii rations a Orne Days since on purpose to afford the honorable gentleman from South Carolina or. Pickens an of a a Unity to i View in relation to . I perceived his to Spenk and fell a Friendly disposition to ratify Inai. If i were surprised when i head him draw into Ihn vortex of discussion the topics fab Ilii Iii Texas slavery and let to flt a ois ii topics u hich have not Tiina Todo with this Subj cart what must have bin n my feelings when i heard Hii i d Noi inc the Iii Tiitu a tons of the North As Mer Emu y Annj Ilish nine exalt those of the South As an Keiit , and almost perfect boldly avow that the labourers of the North were Trio sub acts of the Northern Ca ii lists put the Northern workmen on a footing with the no a Hern slave and Threal ii to preach Sunc Cimon to the labourers of the North a ves preach Musur a cation of the Northern Likibi Rcv 1 am a Northern la Lipior. A sir has been my lotto have inherited As my Only a patronage the Early age of nine years nothing but naked or Hansge and utter destitution h Lus Oless and less fatherless a id penniless 1 was obliged from that Forward to earn my daily bread by by daily labor. And now sir now sir when 1 take my sent in this Hall is n free Depies Ciati Euf i Lee people am i to be me Rcd As a Northern labourer and degraded into a comparison with the of or of pressed and suffering negro slave is such the Penis and spirit of our i fit be then did our fathers fight and bleed and struggle and die in vain but sir the gentleman has the spirit and tendency lie ignorant of Northern Clia Zacter. Ilu has \ Jedi Teri the history of his country. Preach insurrection to Tho Northern labourers i Leach to or who Are the Northern Labory is the history of our country is act a history. The renown our country is to sir renown. I he in of their doings is emblazoned on its vory Page to lot from your annals the deeds and the doings of Northern labourers the history of our country but a Universal Blank. Sir who was to that disarmed he Thunder wrested from his grasp Tho bolts of Jove calmed troubled Ocean in come the get Ileal Sun i the Phi Losco Hinl by item of his age Shi i Linig Hishi ight Ness and effulgence on Tho whole civilised Oil do Whon the great and mighty of the Earth delighted to Honor who a Artici rated in the Nchim Cmunt o your Laden Podence prominently assisted in Mould in your tree instil Pliotis Una the in Noli Cial of whose Wiliom will be Felt to the Lasi moment of Quot recorded time Quot w to sir i , was he a Northern labourer a Yonker tallow Oliai Ulici a Soua Printer s runaway la Gay and who lot inc a in Tho Gimi Ilcau. Who was he that in the Days of our Revolti Iii cd Forth n Northern army yes an army of nor Ilici n , nod Aiji d the clip valid of �5�>uth Carolina in their ?.t Lori Misli a in Sion drove tin a rollers from in Cir Jin sinks Ami redo ii cd her fan Fields from i foreign Monde is a who was he Northern labourer n Rhode Blacksmith tin a Allagit Leneral Ciecie who left hit Hammer and his Forpe and went Forth coir jeering and to conquer in the a i tics for our and will you preach insure re a Ion Tomen Liko these sir our country is full of the glorious achieve a mints o Iio Rivern s. Where Aio Concord and , and b Prato ii and Junkur Olill Bui Inch Enorth and what Kir has to Hud an Impei Isth table renown on the never dying names of them spots but the blood and the turn Ggles the High Dai log and Patriot in and Sublime Couig a of Northern Lau Ororato the whole North in an everlasting Raon Ament of the Freedom virtue intelligence and indomitable Independence of Northern Palm res go sir go preach insurrection to men like these the fortitude of the men of the North under intense suffering for Liberty s Sake has been almost god like history has so recorded .�? who comprised i hat Gallant army that without food without pay shelter less shoeless Penny less and almost naked in that dreadful Winter the Midnight of our revolution whose wanderings could be traced by their blood tracks in the Snow a whom no arts could cd acc no aph no lend astray no Sui or Iii Dis affect but who True to their country and its holy cause continued to tight the Good fight of Liberty until finally triumphed who sir were these men Why Northern labourers yes si.-, Northern Lal hirers who sir win Roger Sherman and but i Idle to enumerate. O name the no Irth Ern labourer who have distinguished themselves and illustrated the history of their country would require Days of the Taino of Titis House. Nor is necks a Ary. Prosperity will do them . Deeds have been recorded in Chu meters of tire and such Are the working men of the North a this time. They have nut degenerated they Are in All respects worthy of their intelligent und study sires. Whose blood was so profusely shed during the War on the Canada lines but that of the Northern labourers who achieved the glorious victories of Perry and Mcdonou Ghon the lakes a but the Northern labourers yes they Quot met the enemy and made them who sir have made our ships the models for All Europe and sent Forth in Tho late War those Gallant vessels that gave our Little Navy the first place in the Murine Annau of the world and covered our arms on the occasion in u Blaze of glory but the skill and intellect and patriotism of the Northern labourers and who sir manned these vessels and went Forth and for the first Liine humbled the British lion on the Ocean but the Northern ?�?.\nd who sir was he that Noble tar who wounded and bleeding and mangled und to All a i Warance life less on the deck of one of our ships on hearing that the lag of the enemy had struck und that Victory had perched on the proud Banner of hid country raised up his feeble mangled form 0>ened Bis languid eyes once More to the Light of heaven waved up used hand round his head in taken of his Joy and Tell Buck and died who sir was he Why a Northern labourer and yet these men Are the a slaves of the Iirth to whom the honorable gentleman is Alx rut to i each insurrection or. Pickens explained and said in substance that he had spoken Only of the of Northern institutions to make the working men of Tho North tributary to the capitalists and to prevent them from rising from their laborious situation i hat he had not degraded them into a comparison with the slaves but had said that if the people of Tho North would continue to interfere with the Auttia is the South then he or. Pickens would preach insurrection to the Northern labourers or. Naylor resumed and said 1 have not misunderstood the honorable gent Lemon. That the Hon liable gentleman docs treat the Northern workmen As Southern slaves is evident from what he has just said. If he had not intended to place them in the same degraded situation of slaves How could he threaten to preach Mitis rec Ion among them sir the honorable gentleman has mistaken the tendency of Northern institutions As much Asho has misconceived the Worth and spirit of Northern . Our institutions have no such tendency no sir but exactly the reverse. They raise up the la place every Man upon in Equality. They give to All equal rights and equal chances Mill hold out to All equal inducements to Northern institutions tend to keep Down the Northern labors the whole history of the North from the Landing of the first Pilgrim on the Rock of plym Riith to this hour con indicts this posit pm. 1 Appeal to the representatives from Pennsylvania. I you sirs who is Joseph Kitner that distinguished Man m to this very moment till the executive chair of your great state a Man who m All that constitutes High moral and intellectual Worth has few superiors in this country Ono who has All the qualities of head and heart necessary to accomplish the great statesman and who possesses in the most enlarged degree All the elements of human Grei Inesso who sirs is he a Northern Laborera a Pennsylvania Wagoner who for years drove his team from Pittsburg to Philadelphia Over the mountains and Over the Moor Nof a whistling As he went a no sir but preparing himself then by Dee cogitation and Earnest Aoji Licarion for the High destiny which a he future had in store for him. And who let me the same gentleman who is James i Quot Odd the present attorney general of Pennsylvania distinguished for the extent of his Legal Iii Wiio intents for the comprehensive Energy of his mind for his of Nothof argument 6i Ion who sir is he he too is a Northern labourer u Pennsy Ivania Wikul chopper in Early childhood a destitute desolate orphan bound out by the Over seecs of the pour Asun App Huntice to a labourer hl�.& sir ure some of Tho Iii Misof Northern Insixi tui ions of the slaves to whom the honorable m Lii Leivian will have to preach insurrection hut i thu nor Stcin institutions be hostile to a a a Iliin and have the Elcel the honorable gentleman Cim tends for to keep Down the workmen and make them tributary to the capitalists How comes How comes that i am now an Early age a re ire tentative in this Hall sir Iho gentleman is a Fler utterly deceived As to the effect of our institutions and the character of Public in Tho Norih fellow freemen of my own my native District imn kers capitalists and merchants so much denounced manufacturers mechanics and Palm res i no Paul to you All did Ever occur to any one of you when i was n candidate fur the High office to which your free Suffrages have Eleni me did i say Over occur to any one of you to Oit to me because Overty or Hanage and destitution had once made to n labourer for Iny daily bread no no your inquiry was be Rich or poor a labourer a capital dirt a banker or merchant but Quot is he a Manfu Bas he ability enough moderately to sustain our interest in the great councils of the nation and nerve and moral courage enough fearlessly to defy the assaults of Power and to vindicate the outraged principles of our Constitution to Quot and Here air 1 now am and what is there to prevent me from taking my stand by the Side of the proudest Man in this half , is not the first time that i have heard a parallel run Between the slaves of the South und the working men of the North. For a while sir that parallel was made As to the relation of the free negroes of the a orb and the slaves of the South a Lecent however some of those who advocate the surpassing excellence of slave institutions of the South have taken a bolder and More daring stand. Hacking their brains and Illust ratios to justify slavery As prevails among item they have hazarded the bold proposition that operatives Hough Tomio Fly freeware m fact the slaves of Ibe Cupil Atista. Aitch a promo Aitio to of Strous. 1 Tell you sir gentlemen deceive themselves. They a Lauder the free institutions of their country. They wrong the most intelligent and enterprising class of Lien in Earth. 1 know them Well 1 have been Long Issue rated with them. 1 have seen them form lie selves into libraries and other associations for intellectual improvement. I have seen them Avail themselves of every Leisure moment for mental Cul sirs no 1 will do you the Justice to answer for you a ure. I have seen them Learned in the languages skilled in the sciences and info ined in All that is necessary to give Elevation Loi the character of Man and to fit him for the High destinies to which lie was designed. Let the honorable gentleman go among them and he will find them in All respects equal to those who make their boa.& that they Iii All the a usurers in the South. Yes sir As Well que pitied to become honorable rulers of a free people having Heads fitted for the Bif Hest councils tearless hearts and sinewy arnts lbs the enemies of this great nation. Or. Chairman i Call upon gentleman of the North to Bear witness 10 the truth of what 1 have said 1 Call upon them to look Back upon the Days of their childhood and say whom they have seen attain Honor distinction wealth and of ounce Are they not the working the industrious parts of society and do not the institutions of the North necessarily Lead to such results sir when 1 pause for a moment and behold what Are now the Little destitute playmates of my childhood 1 am overwhelmed with astonish intent. Some of them have gone Forth from their Homes become daughters and signers of declarations of Independence founders of new empires Breakers of the chains of despotism Earth even in Irir youth has drunk up their blood shed willingly in the cause of the rights of Man Sony have ministered to the altar of their divine master. Some have led the Bur adorn re the Senate Ilius tra to he inv judiciary and others have wandered in the Loi Pery a Elsol literature trod in Ike Weot Tran Quill sing paths Orphil Amphy delved in the Depths of science and com Pasard the world with their Enterprise. In a word civilization has no Pursuit that they have not already honoured and adorned. And yet these Mon no some of the fruits of those odious institutions against which the eloquent gentleman has attempted his crusade. Sir is the glory of the Northern institutions that they give to every Man poor and Rich High amp Low the same fair play. They place the honors emoluments and distinctions of the country before him and say Quot go run your race for the prize the Reward shall encircle the brow of the most thus is that every one feels and knows that he has a Clear Field before him and that with Industry prudence and perseverance he can command Success in any honorable undertaking. He knows that his Industry is his own his efforts Are his ohm and that every blow he strikes whilst rebounds to his Oion immediate advantage contributes also to the Good of the Community and the glory and renown of his country. My honorable employment arc open to him. The Halls of legislation Are open to him the bar is open to him the Fields of science Are before him there is no Barrier Between him amp the object of his ambition but such As Industry and perseverance May overcome. Look the Workings of their institutions upon the a ipe Stanci of the North. Look her mighty cities her smiling villages her Fertile Fields her productive mines her numerous charities her ten thousand improvements. Behold my own my native state. Pennsylvania is intellectual ised under their auspices. Her soils and Hills and valleys amp rocks and everlasting mountains live and breathe under Tho animating influence of her intelligent ii hard working population a Ery Stream feeds its canal every Section of the country has its rail Road distance is annihilated the Flinty ribs of her Rocky mountains Are driven asunder the bowels of the Earth yield Forth their treasures and the face of the Earth blooms and blossoms and of rectifies like a Jia Rudise. And All this All this is the result of the intelligence Industry and Enterprise of Northern labourers fostered by the genial influence of their institutions. Nor Ore their Effort confined to their own country alone. Their Industry and Enterprise Compass the whole Earth. There is not a wave under heaven thai their Keels have not parted not a Breeze Ever stirred to which they have not unfurled the starry Banner of Tho country. Go to the Frozen Ocean of the North Ond you will find them there to the Ocean in the extreme South and you will find them has no difficulty that they have not overcome the world no limit Thot they have not attained. In every department of mind do the institutions of the North exert a wholesome a developing influence. Sir was but a few Days since you saw the members of this House gathered round the electromagnetic machine of or. Devenport. There Hoy stood mute und motionless beholding for Tho first Lime the secret Sublime and mysterious principles of nature applied to mechanics and there was the machine visible to All eyes moving with the rapidity of lignin log nitwit any apparent cause but the Gentas that made the application of this Susima and mysterious influence who is he hut a Labouring Bard working Blacksmith of the North f sir where do learning literature and Ici Noe a Uriah but in the North where does the press teem with the products of mind but in the North where Are the scientific institutions the Immens libraries rivalling almost this Early Day Lilu rope a vast accumulations but in the North and who sir gives form and Grace and life and pro Kiricon to the Marble but the sculptor of the not yes sir and there too does the genious of the Pencil contribute her glowing creations to the Stock of Northern renown. To Northern Handiwork Are you indebted for the magnificence of this might Capitol. And those Noble historical pieces now filling the panels of the Rotundo which display the beginning Progress and consummation of your Revo fusion and give to All posterity the living forms 6c of the fathers of your re Pumie they too arc the works of a Northern artist i but a Bro i conclude this Branch of my subject let me make one observation that 1 had almost forgotten. The gentleman seems to think that our workmen must of necessity be the passive instruments of our capitalists. His idea of the Power amp influence of wealth controlling the very destinies of the Man who labors must be derived from the institutions of his own generous South where he frankly avows that the capitalist does absolutely own the labourer. His views Are however utterly inapplicable to the North. Who Are the Northern capitalists of to Day but the penniless apprentices of yesterday sir in the North there is scarcely a class of men existing exclusively As capitalists. The character of capitalist and labourer is there United in the san person. In ninety nine cases out of a Hundred who is a capitalist has become so by his own Industry and perseverance. He begins a a Humble a labourer Quot a his Industry virtue and integrity his Only capital. He gradually accumulates. Every Day of toil increases Bis Means. His Means Are then United to his labor and he receives the just and honest profits of them both. Thus he goes on joining bit accumulations with his labor rec Pivia the profits of Bis capital and hit toil scattering tha fruits of his Elf urls abroad for the Benefit of society living in Manly Independence amp laying up a Stock of Comfort and enjoyment for his declining Yeara. Such was the Rich Girard the Quot merchant an Marinor As he styles himself in his lost will. He began his career a destitute Cabin boy. And such Are tie capitalists All Over the North. They were All labourers some few years since and the Humble operative of to Day must and will be the wealthy capitalist in some few years to come and so far Are the institutions of the North from retarding his Advance that they encourage him Aid him cheer cherish and sustain him in his Onward career. But sir there is no limit to this subject. I will pursue no further. I might East ily exhaust myself but the subject is inexhaustible. What 1 have said has been said to vindicate the character of my constituents from unjust attacks and to relieve the institutions of the North from the Burden of denunciation which has been so profusely heaped upon them. I have uttered nothing in a spirit of disparagement of the South. No heaven forbid i am incapable of . The whole country is my country. To me there is neither North nor South nor East nor West. 1 am Humble representative of All. Our fathers fought and bled and died for All. And How can we their sons if we respect their principles and cherish and venerate their memories How can we quarrel about local difficulties i Foster sectional jealousies i stand Here the representative of the Thole country. Not an Inch of any part of that country shall be disparaged with my consent. Whatever concerns its Honor and renown deeply and dearly concerns me. 1 will scrupulously respect the rights and feelings of every Section of the country and do All in my Power to Advance nothing to retard its Peculiar interests except where they May come into conflict with some great fundamental principle which must not be sacrificed. I will exert my influence to heal sectional difference extirpate Petty jealousies Foster a becoming spirit of recollection promote Universal Harmony a Mong the different portions of the Union and make the Union itself As everlasting As the soil which embraces. With these feelings and with this determination i have come into this House. But sir i never can and never i remain silent when the rights or interests or characters or institutions of my own immediate constituents Are attacked. No sir let that attack come from what Quarter May i will be Ever prompt to offer my feeble resist Aco and interpose my voice in their just vindication following Resolution has been adopted in the lower House of the a Igieln lure of Pennsylvania Fiat five to forty two resolved that the committee on Banks be instructed to inquire into the expediency of bringing in a Bill compelling the Banks of this Commonwealth to resume the payments of their notes in specie on or before the first monday in february next the same Bill to provide for such restrictions upon the present system of banking in this state As May promote the interest of Tho stale and Tho happiness of the How half the world live has Ever been a mystery to the other halt. Soiree live on their wits some live on their not cans and very queer kind of Means they Are Down East they live All sorts of a traveller in that Vicinity lately asked n boy w hat the people thereabouts did for a living when the ind replied with More Honoly than discretion a Quot what do we do a a Hon stranger come Here to skin pm and when they Don come we skin Otio Yori a Cru. Quot hallo Bill you Loafer How do you find yourself these hard limes Quot a Why astonishing poor look to hrs Here patches and these Rotten shoes. Jim i think Monte relics a what do you find to eat now m Day parched co u Aud a Althage leaves by mows

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