Bloomington Post Newspaper Archives

- Page 1

Issue Date:
Pages Available: 4

About Bloomington Post

  • Publication Name: Bloomington Post
  • Location: Bloomington, Indiana
  • Pages Available: 561
  • Years Available: 1835 - 1839
Learn More About This Publication


  • 2.17+ Billion Articles and Growing Everyday!
  • More Than 400 Years of Papers. From 1607 to Today!
  • Articles Covering 50 U.S.States + 22 Other Countries
  • Powerful, Time Saving Search Features!
Find Your Ancestors Now

View Sample Pages : Bloomington Post, January 12, 1838

Get Access to These Newspapers Plus 2.17+ Billion Other Articles

OCR Text

Bloomington Post (Newspaper) - January 12, 1838, Bloomington, Indiana VOL. 8.FRIDAY JANUARY 13, 18Í8. NO. ». XDITEO AND PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY BY M. L. DEAL. emtt os uxis cross street, first door west of UAJ. IIIGHT'S. TERMS. Two dollar« in advance, two fifty in six monilis and three at the end of the year. No paper will bo discontinued until all arrearages are ' aid up. {^Averthements ot ten linef or less, will be published threo weeks for one dollar, and 25 cents for each additional insertion. All advertisements must be marked with ihe number of iasartions.or they wilt be inserted till forbid ami charged accordingly. Th« cx«H mu«tinvariat>ly accompany advprtisp-menu from a distatxce or they wi.l not receive attention. All 1«U«n and communications addrecFed to the editormuMbe free of poota?;''. No variation wliatev-•r a«^ be Mpected TrO'ii those term^. LIST OF AGENTS. The following gentlemen arc requested and authorized to act as agents: to receive iSubscriptionf, Job Work, Vdvertisin^ 5:c. and receipt for the same. Thomas C. Johnsov, Spencer. la. H. H. Throof, Mill Grove, la. Samuel H. Smttii, Bowlln^green, la. Oamaliel Millsaps, Fairfax,la. ^ Wm. Hbrod, Esq. Columbus. la. E* G. Wayman, M irtiiisbur>;, la. D. A. Rawlinis, New All)any,Ia. J. S. Irwi:«, Louisville, Ky. George May, Parkersbur^, Montgomery Co. la. Wm. S. Robkrti, Esq., Nashville, la. Dr. I. B. Maxwell, Frankfort, la. John BatterTos, Greencastle, la. George G. Dcjxn, E^q. Bedford, Indiana. The followingc.xtract from a R|)eech delivered in the United St«ie.s'house of representatives, Octo-l»or 13'.h, 1837, by Mr. Naylor, of PennsyIvanin, i a noble effort, and destirvcs an attentive perusal. We would willind'y insert it in loto, but wc have not the room to spare:—Jff. Cour. The house hiivinR njriiin resolved itself into a committee of the whole on the bill "iinixjsing additional duties, ns depositoi ios in certain eases on public oífiwríi.'' Mr. Naylor, of Pennsylvania, said it wac wi;h prest relucinncf! that he rose, for the fust time, in this hall. He felt .himself obliged to rise. Ves, (.said iVr. N.) I am impelled to speak. I cannot remain silent. Í voted f»r the iiitroduction of this bill to our düliijrrations «orne days since, on purpose to afford the honorable gentleman from South Carolina (Mr. Pickens) an op|K)rtunity to e.vpress hi view« in relation to it. I perceived his an.xioty to spenk and fell a friendly disposition to pratify Inai. If I were surprised when I heaid him draw into ihn * vortex ofdiscussion the e.xciiiiig topics ofab<iliiioii, Texas, slavery, and l<x;o f<K'oisfii, topics u hich have nottiinp todo with this subjcrt, what must have btn n my feelings when I heard hii:i d 'noiincc the iiisiitu- • tions of the north as mercemu y nnJ st ilish, ninl exalt those of the south as an'-ieiit, patria.-clial, and almost perfcct; boldly avow that the laborers of the north were tlio sub/ects of the northern ca()iialists; put the northern workmen on a footing wiih the - no'blhern slave,and threaleii to preach msuncciion to the laborers of the north?—Ves, preach iusur-rcrtion fo the northern liibi>rcrv! 1 am a northern lalioior. Ay, sir, it has been my lotto have inherited, as my only jiatronage, at the early age of nine years, nothing but naked or-phansge and utter destitution; h'lusoless and boii.e less, fatherless a id pennyless, 1 was obliged, from that forward, to earn my daily bread by n-y daily labor. And now, sir—now, sir, when 1 take my sent in this hall ns n free Uepiescniati\e uf I'lee people, am I to be .meercd at as a northern laborer, nnd degraded into a comparison with the pf)or, oj) pressed, and sufiering negro slave? is such the penius and spirit of our iiistituiiiins? I fit be, then did our fathers fight, and bleed, nnd atruggle, and die in vain! But sir, the genlleman has miseonceiveJ the spirit nnd tendency ofnorthe.n institutions.— lie i.s ignorant of northern cliaiacter. Ilu has (\)jeoiteii the history of his country. Preach insurrection to tho northern laborers! I'leach iiisurrcctioii to mr/ Who are the notthern laboréis? The history of our country isíAcír history. The renown our country is tÁsir renown. 'I'he In of their doings is emblazoned on itsovory page, tílot from your annals the deeds and the doings of northern laborers, the history of our country pro.scnts but a universal blank. Sir, who was ho that disarmed (he thunder, wrested from his graxp tho bolts of Jove, calmed Iht troubled occan, iK'Come the cetilral sun <i< the phi-loscphicnl sy-iitem of his age, shi-diliiig hishiight-ness and effulgenco on tho whole civilised woild— whon) the great and mighty of the earth delighted to honor; who («rticipated in the nchicMcmcnt o( your iadeneodence; prominently assisted in moulJ ingyour tree institnliotis, unJ the Ij^nolicial eiroc.s of whose wiwiom will be felt to the lasi moment ol "recorded time?" W ho, sir, I a.K, uas he? A northern laborer; a yonkec tallow cliaiullci \s sou , a printer's runaway lx>y ! And who, lot inc a-ik tho honor.iblc giMiilcmau. who was he that in the days of our revoluiioii, Kd forth n northern army-yes, an army of norilici n Inborei.";, nod aiJi d the cliivaliy of Í5»>uth Carolina in their dcli.iuc ui;!un?.t llriiisli a^i^n'^sion, drove tin-•pollers from ijjcir Jin snks ami redoeii>cd her fan fields from i'oreign mvndeis — who was he? .\ rorthern laborer, n Khode blacksmith—tin (¡allaiit lieneral Ciecne; who left hit hammer anJ his forpe, and went forth coiujuering nnd to conquer, in the ha i tics for our iiuluiKmilenco! And will you prcach insurr«c;ion tomen liko thesef Sir, our country is full of the glorious nchieve-¿mrnts o( iiorihern Ir.boioi s. Where aio Concord, and I.rf;xincton, and b'nratogii, and Uunkur llill,bui inihenorthT And what, Kir, has t>hud an impei ishttble renown on the never-dying names of th«M vpots but the biood and the ttrnggle«, the high dai iog and oatriotisn) nnd sublime couiag*« of northern lauororaT The whole oorth i« an evurlasting raon- ument of the freedom, virtue, intelligence, and in domitable independence uf northern lalmrers! Go, sir, go preach insurrection to men like these! The fortitude of the men of the north, under intense suffering for liberty's sake,; has been almost god like! History has so recorded it.— Who comprised I hat gallant army, that, without food, without pay, shelterless, shoeless, pvnnylesn, and almost naked, in that dreadful winter—the midnight of our revolution; whose wanderings could be traced by their blood-tracks in the snow!—whom no arts could .scducc, no ap|H;nl lend astray, no sui!eriiig disaffcct; but who, true to their country and its holy cause,continued to tight the good fight of liberty until it finally triumphed: who, sir, were these men? Why, northern laborers; yes si.-, northern lalxirers? Who, sir, wsn Roger Sherman, and—but it i? idle to enumerate. '] o name the n«irthern laborer^ who have distinguished themselves and illustrated the history of their country, would require days ot the ttino of ttiis house. Nor is it neccs-«ary. Prosterity will do them justice.—Thei. deeds have been recorded in chumeters of tire! And such are the working-men of the north a) this time. They have nut degenerated; they are in all respects worthy of their intelligent und stui-dy sires. Whose blood was so profusely shed, during ihe war, on the Canada lines—but that oi the northern laborers? Who achieved the glorious victories of Perry and McDonoughon the lakes —but the northern laborers? Yes, they "met Ihe enemy and made them /Aeir«." Who, sir, have made our ships the models for all Kurope, and sent forth in tho late war those gallant vessels that gave our little navy the first place in the murine annaU of the world, and covered our arms on the occasion in u blaze of glory-but the skill and intellect nnd patriotism ol the northern laborers? And who, sir, manned these vessels and went forth and for the first liine humbled the British Lion on the ocean—but the northern laborers?—.\nd who, sir, was he, that noble tar, who wounded and bleeding and mangled, und to all a|i|)earance, lifel<;ss on the deck of one of our ships, on hearing that the (lag of the enemy had struck, und that victory had peiched on the proud banner of hid country, raised up his feeble, mangled form, 0|>ened bis languid eyes once more to the light of heaven, waved hi.<« puUied hand round his head in taken of his joy, and tell buck, and died? who, sir, was he/ V\ hy, a northern laborer! And yet these men are the •slaves of the niirth, to whom the honorable gentleman is alxrut to pi each insurrection! [Mr. Pickens explained, and said, in substance, that he had spoken only of the of northern institutions to make the working men of tho north tributary to the capitalists, and to prevent them from rising from their laborious situation, 'i'hat he had not degraded them into a comparison with the slavc-s, but had said that if the people of tho north would continue to interfere with the aUvtia cS the south, then he (Mr. Pickens) would preach insurrection to the northern laborers.] Mr. Nnylor resumed, nnd said, 1 have not misunderstood the honorable gcntlemun. That the hon-oiable gentleman docs treat Ihe northern workmen as southern slaves is evident from what he has just said. If he had not intended to place them in the same degraded situation of slaves, how could he threaten to preach mitirrfc/ion among them? Sir, the honorable gentleman has mistaken the tendency of northern institutions, as much as ho has misconceived the worth and spirit of northern chnrr.c-ter. Our institutions have no such tendency; no, sir, but exactly the reverse. They raise up the la Ixirer.—They place every man upon nn equality. They give to all equal rights and equal chances, mill hold out to all equal inducements to action.— Northern institutions tend to keep down the northern labors! The whole history of the north, from the landing of the first pilgrim on the rock ofPlym oiith to this hour, contindicts this positicm. 1 appeal to the representatives from Pennsylvania. I nsk you, sirs, who is Joseph Kitner, that distinguished man, m ho at this very moment tilU the executive chair of your great state, a man who, m all that constitutes high, moial and intellectual worth, has few superiors in this country—ono who has all the qualities of head nnd heart necessary to accomplish the great statesman, and who possesses, in the most enlarged degree, all ihe elements of human greiiness—who, sirs, is he? A northern laborer—a Pennsylvania wagoner—who for years drove his team, from Pittsburg to Philadelphia, 'over the mountains, and over the moor.'nof »whistling as he went'—no, sir, but preparing himself then, by dee|> cogitation and earnest apjilicaiion, for the high destiny which ¡he future had in store for him. And who, let me ask the same genlleman, who is James 'i"odd, the present attorney-general of Pennsylvania, distinguished for the extent of his legal iici|uiioinents, for ihe comprehensive energy of his mind, for his st.'ongthof argument, 6i vigorou.telo-cut ion; who, sir, is he? He, too, is a northern laborer, u Pennsy Ivania wiKxl-chopper—in early childhood a destilute, desolate orphan, bound out by the over-seecs of the pour as un appiuntice to a laborer! ^hl^■.<^ sir, ure some of tho IViiiisof northern insii-tuiions; ■.oiue of the slaves to whom ihe honorable m'liileiiian will have to preach insurrection! Hut ifthu norhtcin institutions be hostile to e-■ |u,iliiy, nnd have ihe etlcel the honoiable gentleman cimtends for, to keep down the workmen, and make them tributary to Ihe capitalists, how comes It, how comes it, that I am now, at an early age, a re(ire>entative in this hall/ Sir, iho gentleman is uflerlv , utterly deceived as to the effect of our insti-tuiions, and the character of public sentiti.cnl in tho norih Fellow-freemen of my own, my native district; Imnkers, capitalists, and merchants, (so much de nounced,) manufacturers, mechanics, and lalMrers, I nppuul to you all: did it ever occur to any one of you when I was n candidate fur th« high office to which your free suffrages have elevni^ me—did it, I .say, over ocvur to any one of you to oi^t to me because )>overty, ur|)hanage,and destitution had once made mo n laborer for iny daily bread? No, no! Your inquiry was be rich or poor, • laborer, a capituliirt, a banker^ or merchantf* but "is he a manf—^bas he ability enough moderately to sustain our interest in the great councils of the nation,and nerve and moral courage enough fearlessly to defy the assaults of power, and to vindicate the outraged principles of our coQStitutionT" And here, air, 1 now am; and what is there to prevent me from taking my stand by the side of the proudest man in this hallf Mr.Chairman, it is not the first time that I have heard a parallel run between the slaves ofthe south und the working men ofthe north. For a while, sir, that porallel was made as to the relation of the free negroes of the uortb and the slaves ofthe south, llecentl^, however, some of those who advocate tbe surpassing excellence of slave institutions of the south, have taken a bolder and more daring stand. Hacking their brains forargunoents and illuHtratioos iojustily slavery as it prevails among iAem, they have hazarded the bold proposition that operatives, .hough ttomio^lly freeware, m fact, the slaves of ibe cupilatista. aiuch a propoaitioo ta oMMtrous. 1 tell you, sir, gentlemen deceive themselves. They ■ilauder Ihe free institutions of theircouutry. They wrong the most intelligent and enterprisng classof lien un earth. 1 know them well 1 have been long issoeiated with them. 1 have seen them form <liemselves into libraries and other associations for intellectual improvemenl. I have seen them avail hemselves of every leisure moment for mental cul-sirs, no; 1 will do you the justice to answer for you, ■ure. I have seen them learned in the languages, skilled in the sciences, and'inforined in all that is necessary to give elevation loi the character of man, and to fit him for the high destinies to which lie was designed. Let the honorable gentleman go among them, and he willl find them in all respects equal to those who make it their boa.<)t that they >iwii all the luburers iu the south. Yes, sir, as well quulitied to become honorable rulers of a free people, having heads fitted for the^bif hest councils, it tearless hearts and sinewy arnts^lbr tbe euemiesof this great nation. Mr. Chairman, I call upon gentleman ofthe north to bear witness 10 the truth of what 1 have said; 1 call upon them to look back upon the days of tkeir chilJhood, and say whom they have seen attain hcnor, distinction, wealth,and afOuence? Are they not the woiking, the industrious parts of society? And do not the institutions of the north necessarily lead to such results? Sir, when 1 pause for a moment, and behold what are now the little destitute playmates of my childhood, 1 am overwhelmed with ustonishinent. (Some of them have gone forth from their homes, become daughters and signers of declarations of independence, founders of new empires, breakers of the chains of despotism, and.the earth, even in ihrir youth, has drunk up their blood, shed willingly in the cause of tbe rights of man.) Sonw have ministered to the altarjof tbeir divine master. Some have led the bur, adornrJ the senate, iliustra-t«Hl ihv judiciary; and others have wandered in the (loipery âeklsol literature, trod in ike eeot tran-quillsing paths orphilamphy, delved in the depths of science, and compasacd the world with iheir en-terpriss. in a word, civilization has no pursuit that they have not already honored and adorned. And yet these mon[nro some of the fruits of those o-dious institutions against which the eloquent gen-tleman has attempted his crusade. Sir, it is the glory of the northern institutions that they give to every,man, poor and rich,^high & low, the same fair play. They place the ^honors, emoluments, and distinctions ofthe country before him, and say "go run your race for the prize, the reward shall encircle the brow ofthe most worthy." Thus it is that every one feels and knows that he has a clear field before him, and that with industry, prudence, and perseverance, he can command success in any honorable undertaking. He knows that his industry is his own; his efforts are^his ovm; and that every blow he strikes, whilst it rebounds to his oicn immediate advantage, contributes also to the good of the community, and the glory and renown of his country . .Ml honorable employment arc open to him. The halls of legislation are open to him; the bar is open to him; the fields of science are before him there is no barrier between him & the object ol his ambition, but such as industry and perseverance may overcome. Look at the workings of their institutions upon the a|ipentanci-of the north. Look at her mighty cities, her smiling villages, her fertile fields, her productive mines, her numerous charities, her ten thousand improvements. Behold my own, my native state. Pennsylvania is intellectualised under their auspices. Her soils and hills, and valleys, & rocks,and everlasting mountains live and breathe under tho animating influence of her intelligent ii hard-working population; e^ery stream feads its canal, every section ofthe country has its rail-road, distance is annihilated, the flinty ribs of her rocky mountains are driven asunder, the bowels of the earth yield forth their treasures, and the face ofthe earth blooms and blossoms, and fructifies like a jiarudise. And all this, all this is the,result of the intelligence, industry and enterprise of northern laborers, fostered by the genial influenc of their institutions. Nor ore their effortsconfined to their own country alone. Their industry and enterprise compass the whole earth. There is not a wave under heaven thai their keels have not parted; not a breeze ever stirred to which they have not unfurled the starry banner of tho country. Go to the frozen ocean of the north, ond you will find ihem there; to the ocean in the extreme south, and you will find them there.—Nature has no difficulty that they have not overcome—the world no limit thot they have not attained. In every department of mind do the institutions ol the north exert a wholesome, a developing influence. Sir, it was but a few days since you saw the members of this house gathered round the electromagnetic machine of Mr. Deveuport. There ihoy stood mute und motionless: beholding, for tho first lime, the secret, sublime, and mysterious principles of nature applied to mechanics; and there was the machine, visible to all eyes, moving with the rapidity of ligbiniog, witWit any apparent cause But the gentoas tbat made the application of this suUima and mysterious influence, who is he hut a laboring, bard-working blacksmiih of tbe north f Sir, where do learning, literature and ici'noe Aouriah, but in the north? Where does the preos teem with the products uf mind, but in the north? Where are the scientific institulions, the immenw libraries, rivalling almost at this early day lilurope*« vast accumulations, but in the north? And wbo^ sir, gives form and grace and life and projKiriion to the marble, but the sculptor ofthe nojtht Yes, sir, nnd there, too, does the genious uf the pencil contribute her glowing creations to the stock of northern renown. To northern handiwork ar« you indebted for the magnificence of this mightT capitol. And those noble historical pieces now filling the panels ofthe rotundo, which display the beginning, progress, and consummation of your revo-fution, and give to all posterity the living forms 6c—countenances ofthe fathers of your re-puMie—they, too, arc the works of a northern artist I But ba(bro I conclude this branch of my subject, let me make one observation that 1 had almost forgotten. The gentleman seems to think that our workmen must of necessity be the passive instruments of our capitalists. His idea of the power & influence of wealth, controlling the very destinies of the man who labors, must be derived from the institutions of his own generous south; where he frankly avows that the capitalist does absolutely own the laborer?. His views are, however, utterly inapplicable to the north. Who are the northern capitalists of to-day, but the pennyless apprentices of yesterday? Sir, in the north there is scarcely a class of men existing exclusively as capitalists. The character of capitalist and laborer is there u-nited in the san» person. In ninety-nine cases out of a hundred, ht who is « capitalist has become so by his own industry and persoverance. He begins a» a humble »'laborer"—his industry, virtue and integrity his only capital. He gradually accumulates. Every day of toil increases bis means. His means are then united to his labor, and he receives tbe just and honest profits of them both. Thus he goes on joining bit accumulations with his labor, recpiviag the profits of bis capital and hit toil, scattering tha fruits of his eflbrls abroad for the benefit ot society, living in manly independence, & laying up a stock uf comfort and enjoyment for his decliningyeara. Such was the rich Girard, the "merchant andmarinor,''as he styles himself in his lost will. He began his career a destitute cabin boy. And such are tlie capitalists all over the north. They were all laborers some few years since; and the humblo operative of to-day must and will be the wealthy capitalist in some few years to come; and so far are the institutions of tbe north from retarding his advance, that they encourage him, aid him, cheer, cherish and sustain him in his onward career. But, sir, there is no limit to this subject. I will pursue it no further. I might ea-<ily exhaust myself, but tbe subject is inexhaustible. What 1 have said has been said to vindicate the character of my constituents from unjust attacks, and to relieve the institutions ofthe north from the burden of denunciation which has been so profusely heaped upon them. I have uttered nothing in a spirit of disparagement of the south. No; heaven forbid! I am incapable of it. The whole country is my country. To me there is neither north nor south, nor east nor we«t. 1 am humble representative of it all. Our fathers fought and bled and died for it all. And how can we, their sons, if we respect their principles and cherish and venerate their memories, how can we quarrel about local difficulties di foster sectional jealousies? I stand here the representative of the tohole country. Not an inch of any part of that country shall be disparged with my consent. Whatever concerns its honor and renown deeply and dearly concerns me. 1 will srrupulously respect the rights and feelings of every section ofthe country, and do all in my power to advance, nothing to retard its peculiar interests except where they may come into conflict with some great fundamental principle which must not be sacrificed. I will exert my influence to heal sectional difference, extirpate petty jealousies, foster a becoming spirit of recollection, promote universal harmony a-mong the different portions of the union, and make the union itself as everlasting as the soil which it embraces. With these feelings and with this determination I have come into thi« house. But, sir, I never can and never wi//remain silent when tbe rights, or interests, or characters, or institutions of my own immediate constituents are attacked. No, sir; let that attack come from what quarter it may, I will be ever prompt to offer my feeble resistaaco, and interpose my voice in their just vindication! Banks.—The following resolution has been adopted in the lower house of the logieln-lure of Pennsylvania—fiAy-five to forty-two: Retolved, That the committee on banks be instructed to inquire into the expediency of bringing in a bill compelling the banks of this commonwealth to resume the payments of their notes in specie, on or before the first Monday in February next; the same bill to provide for such restrictions upon the present system of banking in this state, as may promote the interest of tho stale and tho happiness of the community." How half the world live, has ever been a myttery to the other halt*. Soir»e live on their wits—some live on their n>cans, and very queer kind of means they are, Down East, they live all sorts of ways." A traveller in that vicinity lately asked n boy w hat the people theieabouts did for a living? when the ind replied wi«h more honosly than discretion, — "What do we do?—»h»n strangerh comc here wo skin 'em, and when they don't come, we skin otio another.—iNVir Yori Ncvu. "Hallo, Bill you loafer; how do you find yourself these hard limes?" «Why, astonishin'poor, look at thrsj here patches, and these rotten shoes. Jim I think wo nte relics.' •What do you find to eat now m day»?' 'Parched co- u aud qaltbage leaves, by Mows!* ;