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Bloomington Post (Newspaper) - January 1, 1836, Bloomington, Indiana
$3 per Smy Wnm in adva Zace. Ajo intelligent of Kopfli Waitt no dictat0h3. At Lue end a the Jear. By w. I. , ii Daiva Friday a Iveary 1, 183�. Vol. 9k or Cadi iat m is Culafic. Louii Linurd from Asi we a \ this is not Ihfe a list inn Tomt the government of France has taken sex a Camou to the ones sages of Ani Erica a Rcd i dents. Preiti dint Washington amp the first president Adam a in the per form once of their duties to the Ameri. T in of Tuple cell under the uni madder i inns of the Fri nah directory. The objection taken by the min Isle of Charles the tenth find removed by the esp Anition mide by our minister the put has Hir Eady been and. Vertex to. Vohen it was understood that the Blini try of Flie present King ool exception to my message of last year putting a construction Alpon it a a Foch a disavowed on its face oar late minister at Paris in answer to the note which first announced a Disi a hit faction with the language used in the message made a communication in the French government under Date of the 30th of january 1835, calculated to for Raj ire All impress Iotis which an Tinea enable a us Cebu ability had created. He repeated and called the attention flee French government to the i avowal contained in the itis if of any intention to intimidate by Mcnace a truly declared the it contained and was in Len Jed to contain no charge of ill Faith to the kiting of the French and Quot properly distinguished Between the Richitt to complain in unexceptionable terms of the omission to execute an agreement and accusation of bad to. Tives in withholding such execution and that the necessary use of that right ought not to be con. Bide red As an of tens the imputation. Although this was made without instructions and entirely on the ministers own responsibility yet it was afterwards made the act of this government by my fall approx Haroin and that approbation was officially made known on the 86th of april 1835, to the French government. It however failed to have any effect. The Law after this Friendly explant Ibn passed with tire obnoxious a trend met supported by the Kings minister and was finally approved by the King. The people of the United states Are justly attached to a Pacific system in their Intercourse with foreign nations. It is proper there fit re that they hould know whether their gov. Ernie it has adhered to it. In the present instance it has been carried to the utmost extent that was con a intent with a becoming self respect. The note of the 29th january to which i have before alluded was not the Only one Wlinich cur Linister took up n1iimielf the responsibility of pre-0�nting, on the same Suh act and in the same spirit. Finding that it was intended to make the p by intent of a just debt dependent on the perform once of a condition which he knew could never be Cut it implied with he thought it a Thuiy to make Ani ther attempt to convince he French gov eminent that whilst self respect Hiki re ird to the diet pity of other nations would always prevent us from using any language that ought to give of Fence yet we could never admit h right in any forego government to ask exp a nations of or to interfere in a arty manner in the communicate ont a Wirich one brat Icli of our pubic Conn. Ciu made with another that in the Tore Sefelt Case no such language had Creeh cited and that this had in a for-7>cr Rote been fully and Blunt Kiriy Tat d before it was Contemp Latch to Enate a he explanation a coins Ilion and f iat Here might be no Oij apprehend up he stated the terms used in that tote acid he t inc rally informed them a that it had been approve a by the i its ident and that Truro More every fax i Lanati n Wlinich round he naked or honorable Given had Ben already made Llinat Ihu contemplated measure had been Anticis itch l y a voluntary and fiend v Dick tuition an dwt therefore not Only no a less a Cut might he dem doll f Nevi and certainly would tit be complied with if annexed As a condition. When this latter communication to which i especially invite the attention of Contreri was Laid hrs orc Nie i in certain to the it hat the Means it was Ovion by intended to a Fard of an Honor Nile and speedy a of Tho did Xirui Les Between the two nations would have Ben shoe ptts and 1 chef eff it i 4i<i not hem tip to give it my Sanction and full approbation. This was due to the minister who had Mode himself responsible for the act and it was published to the people of the United states and is mow Laid before their representatives to show How far their executive has gone in its in Deavors to restore n Good understand ing bet Ireen the two countries. It would have been at any time communicated to the government of France had it been officially requested. The French government having received All the explanation which Hon. Or and principle permitted and which could in reason be asked it was hoped it would no longer Quot hesitate to pay the instalments now due. The agent authorised to receive the Money was instructed to inform the French minister of his readiness to do so. In reply to this notice he was told that the Money could not then be paid because the formalities required by tiie act of the Chambers had not been arranged. Not having received any official communication of the intentions of the French government and anxious to bring As far As practicable this in. Pleasant affair to a close before the meeting of Congress that you might have the whole subject before you i caused our charge d of tiers at pans to be in it to nicked to ask for the final de tempi nation of the French govern ment and in the event of their re a Al to pay the instalments now due wit out further explanations to return Totle a United slates the result of this last application has not yet reached us but is daily expected. That it May be favourable is my sincere wish. Fence having now through All the bran Clies of her government acknowledged the Validity of our claims and the obligation of the treaty of 1831, and there really existing no adequate cause for further delay will at length it May be hoped adopt the course which the interests of both nations not less than the principles of Justice so imperiously re quire. To get treaty being once executed on her part Little will remain to disturb the Friendly relations of the two countries nothing indeed which will not yield to the suggestions of a Pacific and enlightened policy and to the Ini Lucacc of that Mutual Good will and Hose generous recollections hich we May confidently expect will then be revived in All their ancient Force. In any event however the Princi plea involved in the new aspect which has been Given to he controversy is so vitally important to he Independent administration of the government that it can neither be surrendered nor com Romil Ted without National Degre. Dation i Hope it is not necessary for me to say that such a sacrifice will not he made through any Agency of mine the Honor of my country shall never be stained by an Appo lofty from me for the statement of truth and the performance of duty nor can i give any explanation of my official acts except such is is due to integrity and Justice and consistent with the principle on which our institutions have been framed. This determination will i am confident be approved by my cons tit Nefs. I have indeed studied their character to but Little purpose if the sum of million of francs will have the weight of a Feather in thee to nation of what Appertains to to their National Independence i fun half ily a dirt rent impression should at any time obtain in any Quarter they will i am sure rally round the government of their Choice with Alac Rity and unanimity and silence forever the degrading imputation. Hav tit Tylius frankly presented to you Tho Ciocu instances which since the la it session of Congress have occur red in this interesting and important matter with the views of the Krecu Tulve in regard to them. It is at this time Only necessary to add that when Ever the advices now daily expected from our charge d Aff tires shall have been received they will be made the subject of a special communication. The condition of the Public finances was never More flattering than Al the present period. Since Tny last annual com Munich Tiff All the remains of the Public debt have been lede med or Money has been placed in Deposit for this purpose whenever the creditors Chouice to race Ivel it. All the other pecuniary engagements of . Ern ment have Heen honorable and promptly fulfilled and there will he a balance in the Treasury at the close of the present year of about Nineteen millions of dollars. It is believed that after meeting All outstanding and unexpended appropriations there will remain near eleven millions be applied to any new objects which Congress May designate or to the More rapid execution of the works already in Progress. In Aid of these objects and to satisfy the current expenditures of he ensuing year it is estimated that there will of received from various sources Twenty million More in 1836. Should Congress make new appropriations in conformity with the Esti. Mates which will be submitted from 1 Lor he proper departments ams Ling to about Twenty four millions still the available surplus at the close of the next year after deducting All unexpended appropriations will probably be not less than six millions. This sum can in my judgment he now Usei fully applied o proposed improve ments in our Navy Yards and to new National works which Are not Zenum. Rated in the present estimates or to the More rapid completion of those already begun. Either would be constitutional and useful and woo i Render unnecessary an attempt in our present Peculiar condition to Divide the surplus Revenue reduce it any faster than will be effected by the existing Laws. In any event As the annual report from the Secretary of the Treasury will enter into details showing the probability of some de crease in the Revenue during he next seven years and a very considerable deduction in 1842, it is not recon. Mended that Congress should under take to modify the present Tariff so As to disturb the principles on which the Compromise act was passed. Taxa Tion on some of the articles of general consumption which Are not in compel Titio with our own productions May be no doubt so diminished As to Lessen to some extent the source of this Revenue and the same object can Al. So be assisted by More Liberal Provis. Ions for the subjects of Public defence which in the present state of our pros Previty and wealth May a be expected to engage your attention. If however after satisfying All demands which can arise from these sources the unexpended balance in the Treasury should still continue to increase it would be better to Bear Wilh the Eil until the great changes contemplated in our Tariff Laws have occurred and shall enable us to revise the system with that care and circumspection which Are due to so delicate and important a subject. It is certainly our duty to diminish As far As we can the burdens of Taxa. Tion and to regard All the restrictions which Are on the Trade and navigation of or citizens is evils which we shall mitigate whenever we Are not prevented by the Adverse legislation and policy of foreign nations or those primary duties which the defence and Independence of our coun. Try enjoin upon i. That we have accomplished much towards the Relief of our citizens by the changes which Tiave accompanist d the payment of he Public debt and the Lido Ion of Ibe present Revenue Laws is Inan Fesl from the fact that compared with 1833, there is a diminution of near Twenty five millions in the last two years a id that our expenditures independently of Hose for he Public debt have been reduced near nine millions during the same period. Jet us Trust that by the continued Observance of Economy a ind by harmonizing the great interests of agriculture manufacture ind com Merce much More May he Nixon polished to diminish the Bur Leiis of government and to Ini Tiase still further the enter priv and the patriotic affection of All classes of our i in is and All the members of our Happy confederacy. As the data which the Sec. Rotary of he Treasury Lay before of in regard o our financial resources Are full and exion did and will afford a Safe guide in your future calculations i think it in neck Siary o of. Fer any Ajr Lher observations on that subject Here. Among the evidences of the inc rens ing Prosperity of the country not the least Gratifying is that afforded by the receipts from Tho sales of he Public land which amount in the present year to tie unexpected sum of $11, 000,000. This circus distance attests the rapidly with which agric Altare the first and most important of cupa Ion of Man advances and contributes o the wealth and Power of our extended territory. Being still of the Opin it Ion that it is our Best policy As far As we can consistently Wilh the Oll Liga ions under which those lands were ceded to the United states to pro Mote their speedy settlement i beg leave to Call the attention of the pre and Powers of the officer a Barge cd i Rill that Branch of the Pike left sen it will be seen from the correspondence which Tira Secretary of tha Treasury will Lay Benui Yoa hat not withstanding the Large amount of the 4tock which the u. State hold to that institution no inform Iti ii a yet been Romanni rated which will enable the government to anticipate when it can receive any dividends or Ilene any Benefit from i. Cup nested with the condition Oft i sent Congress to the suggestion i have finances and the Flat Urishin state of offered respecting it in my forager messages the extraordinary receipts from the which have be�0 Utis a a sales of the Public lands invite you to consider what improvements the land system and particularly the condition of tie general land office May re quire. At the time this institution was organized near a quart or of a Century Ngo it would probably have been thought extravagant to Antici Pate Lor this period such an addition it its business As has been produced by the vast increase of those sales during the past and present years. It May also be observed that since the year 1812, the land offices and s in vying districts have been greatly multiplied and that numerous legislative Elia cements from year to year since that time have imposed a great amount of new and additional duties upon that office while the want of a timely application of Force commen. Strate with the care and labor required has caused the increasing emt a it Ras sment of accumulated arrears in the different branches of the establish ment. These impediments to the expedition of much duty in the general land office induce me to submit to your judgment whether some modification of the Laws relating o its organi Zattoni of a new character be not called for at the present juncture to enable the office to Saccom push All the ends fit institution with a greater degree of facility and promptitude than experience has proved to be practicable under existing regulations. The variety Orthe concerns and the Magni tude and complexity of the details Oci copying and dividing the attention of the commissioner appear to Render i diff Cut if not in proc cab a for hat officer by any possible Assiduity to bestow on All the mul Farious subjects upon which he is called to act the ready and careful att i Tion due to their respective importance unless the legislature shall assist him by a Law providing or enabling him to provide for a More regular and economic Al distribution of labor with the incident responsibility among those employed under his direction. The Mere manual operation of affixing his signature o the vast number of Docu. Ments issuing from his office subtracts so largely from the time and attention claim j by the Weig Lifland complicated subjects daily acc muting in that Branch of the Public service As to indicate the Strong necessity of revising the or anic Law of the Stab she it. It will be Eay for Congress hereafter to proportion the expenditure on count of Titis Branch of tie service o its real wants by abolish King from time to time the of slicers which can be dispensed with. The extinction of the Pablic debt having taken place Tipiere is no longer any use for the offices of commissioners of Loans and the sinking fun ii. J 1 rec ammend therefore that they he abolished and that proper Mere a ures be liken for the Transfer r to the Trees Ury it Parment of any funds books and papers connected Wilh the operations of those of lice and that the proper pow r be Riveri to that depart Nie it i a closing finally any portion of their business which May remain to it it be settled. It is also incumbent on , in guarding the pecuniary inter its of the country to discontinue by such a Law no was a card in 1819, the re it of the Bills of the Bank of the United payment of the Public Revenue and to provide for the designation of an agent whose duly it shall be to take charge of the books and Stock of the United states in thai in situation and to close All connection Wilh it after the 3d of March 1836. When its charter expires. In making provisions in regard to the disposition of this Stock it will be essential Tode Fine clearly Anil strictly the it Lutier the t of nary in All its branches of a do surf. It is pleasing to wit Oest be derived from the recent has regal twing the value of the Gold coinage a these advantages will be More apparent in the course of the nex year when the Branch mints authorized to be established in North Carolina Georgia and Louisiana shall have gone into operation. Aided Ai it is hoped they will be by further reforms in the banking systems of the slates and by judicious regulations on the part of Congress in relation to the custody of the Public moneys it May be confidently anticipated that the use of Gold and Silver As a circulating medium. Will become general in the Ordinary transactions connected the labor of the country. The great Desideratum in modern times is an efficient Check upon the Power of Bank a preventing that excessive Issue of Pat per whence arise those fluctuation in the Standard of value which Render Uncertain the rewards of labor. It was supposed by those the est Biblish de the Bank of the United states that from the credit Given to it by the Cui. Tody of he Public moneys and Othef privileges and the precautions taken to guard against the evils which he country had sult ered on the bankruptcy of Many of the state institutions of that period we should derive from hat institution All the Security and benefits of a sound currency and every Good do that was attainable under that provision of the cons Tulita which authorize Congress alone to Coin Money and regulate he Varre thereof. But it is scarcely necessary now to say that these anticipations have rot been realized. After the to a pensive and Hestress recently produced by he of Tho United slates from which the country is now recovering aggravated As hey were by pretensions to Power which defied the Public a Hority and which if acquiesce in by the people would have the whole character of our government every candid and intelligent individual must admit that for the attainment of to great advantages of a sound currency we Mut look o a to Rise of legislation radically different from that created such an inst n Ion. In considering the Means of of Blains ing so important an end we Mist set aside All calculations of temporary convenience and by those orly which Are in Harmony Wight the Truo character and the permanent interests of the Kep Blic. We must recur to first principles and see it is that has prevented the Gisla Ion of Cun Gresz and the state on he subject of cure re icy from satisfying he put flu sex per tuition and realizing results corp responding to Tho Ewh Cli have attended the action of our system when truly consistent Willi the great Principio of ii Allty upon which it rests and wife thai in Brit of forbearance and Mutual Concession and a Nerous pal Rio ism which was originally an j must Ever Condinus to be the vital a Lecoent of our Union. On Titis 6ulj< it i an Fure trial t c Minot be mistaken ouf want of in Sciss to the undue coun end i e Tel Rich been afforded to the Sirit of . All the serious Dani fers which our sys pm has yet Eric omit Fred my be Nice in to Tiia re sort in Imp red Powers and the Umi of Oor portions cd tin with prior vile let Thyl Elf it it in which is to adv Mica he of the a cd at the Ziaei ice of the Many. We have Felt but one cum of hts dangers exhibited in a con est by the Bank of the United slates against the govern me. A for the Utt four years my aptly their have been Ohy Vafed for the per agent by the indignant resistance of tie people hut we should recollect it Tat he print cipro whence hey sprung is tax pc Active on it which will not fail 1� rth Aew its Ella to in the Lanc and la Ether
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