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Bloomington Post (Newspaper) - February 2, 1838, Bloomington, Indiana m VOL. S.FRIDAY FEBRUARY % 183§. WO. 8. EDITCO AND rUBMSUKD F.VEIY lUJDàYBY M. L. PEAL. ON MAIN CfiOeS STKEKT, I'lr.ST Vùvil WEST OF MAJ. llWHX's. TER.Mi"-. ' Two dollars ill advance, Iw<j lifij in six nioiulis and three at the pjid oi'tiu- \e;:r. No paper will Lo discantiuucd unti! all aricarageH are ^.tid up. ^¿^AvertisemekT3 ot ten line?' or less, will bo pub-llahed tliree woeks tor 0:10 (loll'ir, and j cents Ibi each additional m.^criion. All advertisements iii-,i?t L.:.> u'iili i!io num ber ofinsBrlions, or thuy be ¡¡is^-i-tt J til! Ibrbiil and chargtd accordi:ij,;ly. The CASH niusi invari-i':>• i-co-ajiany advei !i^;f'-ments from a distance or tacy -.. i.! not rccci vo atten-tioo. All letters -.nd comnuinications ad.lrr -sod to th( editor must be tree of poRt;i^n. No variaiioa whali'V-•r need be expected t'roin t'lcfc tonn«. LIST ciy Aui,:n\-. Tlio following gcntlcine.'i a'u ii'iu'-ti j and authorized 10 act as agents: to reci ivc ^ ubscri; I¡on^. J»!» Work, sdvertirjing Arc. and receipt tor t!u; same. Thomas C. Johnson, i^pencor. lu. H. H. Throop, Mill Grov.', I;.. * Samuel H. ¡S.rfVTM, ilowlitt,^';! ron, la. OAMkLiEL 3IiLr.SAr?, Fiid'jv,! 1. Wm. Heuod, Ewj. Coliimli:s, la. E* G. Wayman, Mirti;i^l)iii\r, la. D. A. Rawxisgs, Nfw All'LUiv, la. J. S. Irwin, LouiRvillo, Ky. ' Georoe May, Parkersburi,', rvront-cnu'ry Co. la. VVm, Roberts, Esq., N .s'lviilr, [i. Dr. I. F. Ma.xwei.1, i'ranktort, la. John Patterton, rire»'!e, la. Georoe G. Dunn, Ee i. BedlbrJ, Indiana. Sp«^ch of Mr. S.^iYDTH, of Clay on lliu sul)j(,-ct o milking SpencfTa point 0.1 Joirorsonvillc and Craw-iordsvillo road. Mr. Speaker—Wern it not for the extremely delicate Slate of thehcftith of my fii<-nd frotn Owen. (Mr. Champor,) it would l)C useless for n;e to tiiuke any remarks on this occasi ni; sii, in consideia-tion of that, and the just ioe id" llie claiin;; ufilic ¡wo-ple whom ho represent«, I tnust bi-^dftht; House the indulgence of making a it u oii orviUions. to the truth of which in iidvanc* i rii;ill..'n|.;ij suciesslul contradiction, nnd while 1 have th'- llior, I .shall take occasion to nctioo s-ome 1 f t reniarks of the gentleman from Tloyu, C^'r. U'lutiiMu.) -Mr. S|)oaker, wh udu tln^ peui>,'e of (Jv.en county ask on this occasion.' iJo l^cy comi! here inn servile and trucklin;^ mnnnor favors? Do they ask any thin;? uiiruasun tblt! A: out of the ref^u--^ar order of their jusi mid naini .il i .i;¡i((:!a'iuii >? No. sir. They deirtand a right in a inui a:id ics|,c(,¡-ftil manner knowitip ll>eir rluiios to h-j j i and having eatiro conñdcncu in the Ju^ii.-c niau¡:an¡(ni Jy of the people's representaiives. a.-U that Spencer, the seat of justico f.>r tiio ciuuity <.f Owen, be made a point un the Je:!. ro^in ilio unJ Craw- • fordsvilie road. And is it not their clai n prima facie jn-.t when it U rccollected that theirs is the (Jtily county scat on the whole line of this public woik wliic'.i is not made a point? Most assuredly. It ¡.?a fact, and fiaiikly acknowledged, that one of tlio princiji il olijccis uf the Jeirersonvillo aiiJ Crawfuulsv il!e 1 «.ad was to uc-conunodato and connect tlieouniy -ta'son the line. None can deny thi^ iuci,nil adn,,! i., ^.m<; a few perapns who have reasons thai the public have not tlicdisMnf^uislieii individuals wholji Mr. ^Williams yet been favored wi;h. 'I'luo, they may (•ccasion- sucoocdi d in eiii¡)k>y in^;, and tjioy ii\ company with contradiclion, that no survey has ever been made by way of Spencer, and hcnceaiiy thing that engineer might say, could of course, havo no greater weight than the casual remark of any one else who knew nothingabout the matter. That engineer had iv) good authority for making any such statement. I have been told that he once travelled hy Spencur, on u very rainy and disagcecablu day, but was such aca.sual observation of the route any kind of authority for making statements calculated to prejudice ttie public mind against that point? Nono.— I'hcn 1 hope that that statement will be viewed m its firoper light. ¡\lr. típeaiier, the poople of Owen county have, Ivri tofore, frequently ap|)lied to the Board of Public Works for a survey by way of Spencer, in order to ascertain whether their route was not preferable, and an order foca survey was oiico made, but from ^onie cause tlmt order was never executed. The iiofird thought, as 1 have been informed, that the law was dijubtful as to their power to make a survey by way of Spencer, and at the last session of ■ lie lcgislatu;c, in order (o remove all doubl.son'hat -iiibject, an act was passed for the avowed object of 'j;runting the Hoard that authority; but strange to icll, that act was a perfect subterfuge, a nullity in-ended only to allay the feelings of the people of >wen until the work should be /innlly located and Jieir representative, (.Mr. Eckels] as 1 have been told,acknowledged that it satisfied him, and was all his constituents wanted, but, sir, he wa-s deceived in the law or such a declaration would never have been made. Now, si r, let us examine and see if economy wil j not decide in favor of Spencer, and a Mc.Vdamizad 1 oad. lixaiTiine the report of the able engineers w hich was laid on your desk only a day or two since; but bcloic I allude further to the comcnls of that report I must be i»erniitted to answer an objection lo that report by the gentleinan from Floyd, [.Mr. \Vhitman.] lie urges that thee.xamination by that corps of engineers was made in too short a time, and in sliort, w ishe.s lo create an imprcision that '.heir report should be disregarded, or at best should have but little weight with iiienibers ofthis House. V\'jial were the ciicunistunces under which those distinguished engineers were employed to make the survey? ^V liy, it was a line of the public works upon which contradictory reports hud been made to the lioardof I'liblic Works, and the board being un willing to make adistinction on a subject of so delicate a character, and a decision which would iiece»-sai ily have caused much public discontent, and probably have greatly injured the system. Those rountur reports had been submitted by individuals whose situations entitled them to high respect. ]t was a question causing great excitement, heating (he passions of those living on the line toihe hottest endurance. All agreed that a report should be had from the highest possible authority, and it was finally resolved that Mr. Williams, our practical engi-iK'i.r, should proceed in person and make a survoy and report the fuels as they actually exist Feeling that great responsibility must rest upon him if he undertook thetask,and the diñiculVy of satisfying tliu |iublic mind, Mr. Williams i^qnestod that Ik; niiglii be permitied to call to hi^aid the assistance of c'ihcr.s of acknowledged skiljUn the profess-iun of eiigineei ing. Tliis was done;«nd the selectas of .^lr. Williams was certainly u wise''•ne, and one in w liit h we should be thankful he wa able to iiccci il. Mr. Forrer, principal engineer of Ohio, and Mi. Welsh, ()i inci|>«l engineert^Kentucky, are Fit ally try to show .sonu' plausibility ilit ir opiiosi-tion loSpeiietii , Imi I have evi been .s.i ii;i;.)i ¡uñateas to be wholly unable io .see the ju^iicc ¡.I'llieir reasoning. 'I'lien why.l ask.huve the people ol the county of Ov. enbtH-n thu.- pic.sci iln d ? Why havo the.r countless |ietr.i..n^ nnd meimn lals Ijcik hitherto disregarded, n'.d tla ir elaiius dmiiid? Why has not the originiil inleiiii.iii on the -ubjcct of connecting the county :,ca!:. on the line Ihh n carried out. To prove that tl-at was the 01 i^inal intention 1 refer gentlemen to the Journal <jf this House during ihc years IC.'M—0.—¡Sir, these are qtiesttoiis to which no icasc,naide and s;iii•ifactory unswor cim 1« given. It is nigcd,tol,e suio,by Bomo individuals, lhat it'S|ionccr I,e ma le a point on the road in question ilic ccuntici (d .Moniot and i'nl-nain will sul'er irreparable ii.jiiiy. .\ow Mr. i«pcakei, if that were true thcie ii.;j;ht be.M)fj,e reason whv ^[ I'licer .' liould not be>- u jioinf. Hut if inaliioj^ ¡sptnccr a point would injure thos(! Countics, L>n liio \eiy ¡-nirio pai iiy of lea^om^lg, 1 ask, if iiialiiiig lledfoid a poinl would not as gieatly injure ibo coiiiKiL-á of .Monroe and Washiugion'/ l'>edford is fui.h' i' distant htiiii a ii;:lit liiu; iVom Jeirersonvillo to (Jiuw ille tiian iáj c ncer, ns a iBpoftlio country will ^how to any one w ho will tak« iho tiuublo U) c.uiiiiinc. And more than that, according lo the report ol'.Mt ssrs. W iliiams, Wcdsh and Forrer, the local tii^iaMoa of l>,-l'.'oi d ii bv no means favorable as a point on tliiii..,id. Blii I am not trying to show ¡'.at iJcciloid bliould not bea point, but that on thi! veiy .suu:r j'¡ inti,.!u that 11 is • j)ointSpencer should of right b( . .^n , a cannot injuioany coua/y lo make y pence r a 1 oint, but some iudividuals or eunipuny of^i - ciilaioi , ii.ay fed the amart of bein^ loo in;;h in tlu ir iuv>; inn ni--, and no one else can feel injured. Tin u I liopc it will U' viewed us a mere u >s<¡i tioii, ui.loiuidi d 1.1 ii uili, und tiKsupioited by cvi U;k<', lli;il any ciMniy wiil k' ifljuicd by inakiii;:; ¡s[ t iui.r a | o;ni, and viewed as it projKjfly should U',u l-au; »tuloiiient, a contenipt-»Lle hou.^. T^l»^hodo (,fa rvason hemiofoii) usually nri^ed ly the fnemies of Spoiicer, was that by making tlúkt ph:kce H point, ino chuiucJer of tlu woik would %eC0MAriiy U) cha.igi'd fiom a Hail 10 a .Mc Ad united road. Uut,sii, that objection di I not e.\isi, keOBUM no survey iiad ever ú;eii mude hy way ol épancer, and hence that objueUon was a mere ciea-lort of iIm iinagiiiaiion—u phuiiiout—a humbug. TIm §M>(k»mau Irum Flu>d, (Mr. Whumun,) lelU ■a tbiltth« roaidonien;;iitt»ur on iltai woik ml Mined ktatlMl Ik* rouittby wayufSpuucui was wholly nn- Eacticabltt for either a rail or Mc.\danii;¿ed road r, I her« asMrt, and inu<»t cuntadoutly cballaugo .Mr. Williams, examined the whole premises, and ihruugh the Board of Public Works, reported the ficts as they developed themselves in ihe course of the examination lo tins legislature. I nsk, now, if it is not unfair, ungenerous and disreputable to try to cast odium on gentlemen w hose profession is their highest pride, w hoso experience is proven by the many public works progressing rapnily under their care, whose integrity has hitherto been unquestioned, and who ^occupy a station wholly aloof from the least passion or feel ing on ihc subjcct, and whose whole aim was to ar-livo at truth? No disintere.«ted individual could indulge such an idea for a moment. It is urged as an objection to this bill that it deter mines the character of the work lo be a McAdami-/ed road. Such an objection cannot exist, because the Board of Public Works have already made that decision, and since this bill only reiterates their determination it is no objection to I ho bill. That decision 1 fully concur >11, since by the report above alluded to a lail road on that linn wil! cost tho enormous sum of $6,80^,000 nnd 91 cents, over half the sum appropriated for onr w hole system of internal Improvements. 'I'hey report further that Mc.^ road will cost only $1,BUG,002, making a difference of the rodigious sum of neaily live millions of dollars, and that a McAdann/.ed road will not be profitable soon, and still altogether piefnahlo to u Rail Road These, sir, are truths—not iiieie phantoms of an airy immagination—no fiction about tho matter— the rcaiilt ofaprocess lhat invariably arrives at facts. .\Uow me to enter a litt'c further into the reasons w hy Spencer shcnild he made u point. A right line diawn fioni li> dlord to Greencastle w ill not leave Spencer more than a mile or two, hut w Ik !» Blooniingioii has to be accoinnioilaied, and I again asscrl that I think it is right that all ihe county seats .should Ik- accoinmodatod—that as well us Jihors—yon find that the right line is let't several Mlo.^,and when at Blooaiingion, of course SjHincer i.s something south of a 1 ight linu to Grecncastie. Bui I think I can saiisly any reasonable person lhat Lconnmy decide.-« that tho louto by Spencer is preferable lo that by (joss|)ori even from Bluoini.igton The late report ufihe engineers states thai "in proceeding north from Bloommgton, ihe lino dftrr pasting for fou r 11 r live mdi'sovei .1 aurfaco ver^ upfuvvra-able to ihe coiisi uu'tioii ol a 1 oud reaches thj bo'-toms (d'Ri:an Bio.s> ni Cic« k, which it i« bcliuved Will alJ",)iil a favijiabh- rnjte ihenco lo a point near Muum Tuiior, a piobablo distance of Hev«)n iniiea. i'tuia tUu ^tui tu tbv Wv-M Fotk of IV bit« Kivei, a distancv'of four miles, the expenses of construct ioff a rail wai will be great, if we include the cost of crossing that stream." Hero you find that in order to evade tiie route by S(wncer,after leaving Bloomington, four or five nailes haveto be passcdover of a charncier "very un favorable to the construction of a road." Ye a country of hills and dales, mountains and valleys ridges and hollows, has to be encountered before the bottoms of Bean Blossom Creek can be ap proached: whereas if a western direction were ta ken towards Spencer, I am of opinion thoso dilTicul tics would bo avoided. I was for many years citizen of .Monroe county and several years a ctti zen of Bloomington, and if I am not greatly want ing in memory the western route is infinitely pre ferable. From Mount Tabor to Gosport the en giueers say the post of the work will be great, have no boubt 0/that'statement. I have travelled the road between those points and can testify that to the best of my recollection a more broken por tion of country would be hard to find.-And iflhe road be taken on this route a bridge must be built across Bean Blossom Creek, whioh must necessariry cos a large amount of mone), the stream being naviga hlc for flat boats up to Mount Tabor, which expense would be wholly saved if the route by Spencer is a dop'ed. The route by Spencer has another advantage over that by Gosport. At either place abridge must be built across the West Fork of White River At Spencer the river is only about 300 feet in width a good rock bottom and excellent l>anks—at Goss-port on the eastern side of tho stream an embankment has to be thrown up for near three fourths of a mile from ten to fifteen feet in width, tho bottom a perfect bed of quick sand, which of itself is almost an insurmountable objection, the river about si.v hundred feet wide, and then, on the west bank there is a bluiT which would require a very large sum to cut down for a road, These facts, of themselves are strong reasons in favor of Spencer. On the whole line from Bloomington by way of Spencer to the talis of Eel river, the finest quality of limestone is found in inexhaustible quantities, very important item indeed in the construction of a Mc.^danMZed road. From Bloomington by way of Spencer to the fails of river the profile of the country is certainly favorable to a McAdamized road, and there are advantages at the falls of Eel river which few, very few places in the west, and I may safely say the world can boast. Certainly nature has shown her bounty more lavishly at this than any other place in Indiana. An inexhaustible bed of the richest iron ore, an equally inexhaustible bed of the best stone coal, the most splendid and useful water power in the state, the whole river being [»recipitated down a bluiT over seventy feet in les.i than two thirds of a mile, and a foicsi of timber unsurpassed by the cedars of Lebanon. Sir, what advantages greater than those could be desired by any,one? It appears as though this place was peculiarly intended to assist the cmerpriie of our enterprising state, and alTord it manyofthose benefits of which some of the other states are wholly deprived. Then can there he a stronger reason why the road should pass on this route? Sir, it wilt be of advantage to the state for the road to pass on this route in a two fold sense. Because at this time the energetic and enterpiising proprietors of the falls of Eel, and its innumerable advantages are using every exertion to commence the manufacture of iron at the earliest possible day; and when the road is finished the amount of tonnage to and from this point must be immense, and by the transportation which the n-anufacture of this place will afford, the state will be receiving tolls constantly, whereas if the road is taken in another diroctioa all this tonnage must be lost, und tho people will be deprived of the use of the road to and from this point at which they will have eon slant The favorable site for a bridge across Eel river at tho Falls is'another reason in favor of Spencer The stream is comparatively narrow, rock abutments already placed in tho bank by the God of Nature, and a smooth rock bottom across the entire stream, and a« fine a quarry of limestone as can a ny where be found in tho west. In short, every material on the pn mises for tho construction of the work in^contemplation. Sir, 1 again enquire what objection can be urged against this bill? None. FiCho answers none. It first proposes'to] save $5,000,000 of money, and then a route for^ the road in question which has innumerable advantages over the one by w ay of Gosport. Mr. Speaker, I¡frankly acknowledge my inabili-ly to do justice to so important a subject, one, sir, in which tho welfare of so large a portion of our country is so deeply involved. Give them this work which ¡»injustice theirs, and they are thankful and satisfied, take it from them and you do an act of flagrant injustice, as all impartial judges will determine, and they are ruined, literally ruined, becouso the Centrol Canal passes down White River on Ihe opposite side from their county scut, and a rival town must necessarily spring up, infact it is already there. Allow the road to cross at Go • port and you build up another rival town, and the people of Spencer and Owen county generally aie the sufferers, i have lived among tho people of Owen county and can testify that they aie gener ous, noble minded, patriotic, and enterpri.sing; and 1 must acknowledge I know my feeling aro enlisted in tlieir labor, but, sir, I am an Internal Immovo nient man, and if I did not know that this bill is strictly inaocordtnce with the principles corrccily laid down ofthat system which I am always ready to defend I would say not one word, and vote agamsi the bill. 1 bono, sir, that gentlemen on this floor will cootider the claims of the people whuao dearesi interest is now et stake, reflect on the gunoral fea-luies of ihe bill as it deaerv«s,aad vote according to the dictates of justice. canals and internal improvement!', for the parpose of adding the following amoadmtnf, lo wit: That the Board of Internal Iminrovemeuts be required to make a .survey from Blooiiiington, via Martinsville and M<x>re3viile, thence lo Gieiicastle. Sir, I see 1 o good reason why tho points referred to in this atnendment aro not as mucii entitled to a survey aa is the route by the way of Spencer. Cast your eye upon the map of the state, and you will find that Martinsville is not more out of a direct line from Bloomington to Greenca.stle than is Spencer, and the country through which Ihe road will pais is far superior. From Bloomington to tb» point where the road would strike White River, it will most likely follow the survey made for the rail road und found practicable, of course it is so for. n McAdami-zed road. In passing thence to Martinsville it passes throught a rich valley of fine level land, on the Central Canal route, a distance of fifteen miles, thence 10 Moorsvillc, through a country of land not to be e.xcelled for beauty and richness of soil, a distance of fifteen miles.—The whole of thii route from the point where it first strikes White River, isthrou;-h a country i.ioslly of alluvial soil, and nearly of a dead level, admirably calculated for a .Mc.Xdamizcd road. Martinsville through which this is to pass is a fine flou rishing town, a county seat and fast improving. .Moorsvillc through which this road should pi's.s- is a beautiful town, situated in the heart of a most excollent .settlement of Friends, and as is commonly the case in settlements of this kind, the land is in a .state of high cultivation, (for the time it has been settled,) surrounded by gooid water power, on which are erected various machineries, such as merchant floweiing mills, d:c. This town is six or seven miles from the Central Canal line, has much need of a McAdamized road, by which to convey olT its surplus produce and bring in the necessaries of life. This also is a manufacturing town, settled with people of the best o'der, who are good friends and supporters of our system of Internal Improven;eRt. They pay their taxes without complaint, and not in very small proportion, besides; I am told as much as one hundred and fifty dollars is paid by one man in some instances. Why then should not this route be entitled to consideration? At least as much privilege should bo extended to this county, (the county of Morgan,) aslo Ihe county of Owen. There can be no harm in rememberiug that Morgan has sustained thesys» tem from the very first commencnient, while Owen has as constantly been for clas;>ification or for nullification. 1 do hope, therefore, that the bill will bo recommitted, and iho proposed amendnieut adopted. REMARKS OP MR. SIMS. Mr. SriAKU—1 hope to show I «haU vol* to refor ibe bill to reasons wqv ooniuiiiteo ou INDIANA LEGISL.ATURE. Sp.mmary.—Among the proceedings of Wednesday, in the Senate we note brieily the following: A bill WHi introduced by Mr. Dunning, to establish a State University at Bloomington, w hich wn.s twice read and made the special oidcr of the day for Monday next. Resolutions having been adopted by both houses for that purpose, the Senate lepaired to tho Hall of the House, where both Houses proceeded in joint ballot to the election of three members of the Board of Internal Improvement to fill the vacancies occasioned by tile expiiation of the term of service of John Ci. Clendenin, John A Graham, and Samuel Lewis.—The vote in filling the vacancy of Mr. Clendenin stood a.s follows: For Mr. Clendenin 73 votes for Mr. Nathaniel Albertson, 71 votes—Scattering one vote. Mr. Clendenin was therefore declared duly elected. Messrs. Graham and Lewis were '.'lected without O|iposition. The joint resolution, instructing our Senators and requesting our Representatives in Congress to use their e.\ertions to procure tho passage of a law authorizing the reception of notes of specie paying Slate Bunks for all public dues, was reported back to the Senate with an amendment, confining the operation 01'it to the sale of public lauds. Various amendments were proposed, all of which, we believe, failed, and, nUer an extended session, during which several test votes were taken which mauifee-ted that a large majority of tho Senate favored the object of the resolution, it was considered as engrossed and read a third time and passed without a call of Ihe yeas and nays. Tho particulars will be noticed in our regular proceedings.—Im/. Jtmma/, Jan.26. - From the {Ind.) Beacon, On Thursday last, a young man by the name of Edward D. McKec, was put ashore at this place by the steamer Gen. Pike, for surgical aid, he having received a pistol ball through his body, a few miles above this place, by the hand of a fellow passenger. It appears, from a statement made to us by a friend of the young man who was shot, and w ho was on lx>ard at the time, that the ditfierlty between tho parties arose somewhat after Ihe following manner. Two of the passengers were gambling, (playing |>o-ker perhaps); a brother of one of tho players was standii.^ behind the chair of his antagonist, giving signals, as to his hand. Mr. McKco, observing their movements, Iemarked lo the other young man, lhat he had better quit, as they were evidently gouging him. Upon which ihe brother who wis playing, damned him, aud told him lo hold his tongue or he would dirk him. McKeo replied, that he did noi like to stand by and see a man thrust his linnd into another's pockets, ar.d take his money. This eni!ij;( (1 the young man very much, and a considerable ulteicatU'ii uio>o;hediew his dirk and mde a puss at McKee, but the latter parried the blow, knocked the diik onl of his ham), and was in the net of striking him with his fist, when the other brother diew his pistol and shot him, the ball entering near the navel ou the left side and pasting out u little above the hip. Thero is a possibility that McKco mav survive. Ha is under the care of Dr. Percival ol'this place. McKeo is represented to bo a young man of respectability, and recently a merchant in Warren, rrumbull county, Ohio. The two brethors were immediutely confined, with a viuM- of taking ihom to Louisvill» to stand their tri-«1, for attempiing to take thn life of McKce—or for murder, sUonId he not surviv«». ;