Page 5 of 29 Jan 1848 Issue of Bloomington Indiana Tribune in Bloomington, Indiana

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Bloomington Indiana Tribune (Newspaper) - January 29, 1848, Bloomington, Indiana I Dia trib1jive. The perpetuity of our glorious Union can Only be secured by the intelligence Industry and morality of the people. Vol Bloomington Indiana january 29, 1848. No. 10. Indiana Tribune. Is published every saturday by m. Mathes amp e. Goodwin editors and Theta bunk is published every saturday at Iho Christian record of acc in Bloo Nujie Toh in Dat $1.50 per annul Jniya Abl in adv acc or within three ninth a from the time of after three months and wit iii the your $2.u0�?or 2.50 if payment be delayed till the year is out. Advertisements inserted at the usual rates the a a Tilc of . The following description of the Castle of Chapultepec near the City of Mexico is contained in a letter from Lieut. A. G. Sutton of the 15th infantry who with his two sons fought and greatly themselves in the Battles of the 20th of August and 13th of the letter was written to a gentleman in Washington without any idea of its publication. It is dated Doleglo Militar City of Mexico october 30, 1847. He says not having seen any attempt at a description of the Castle we now Garrison i will try to give you a Brief sketch of it though from the limited time i have to write it will undoubtedly be very imperfect. The great Castle of Chapultepec a the Colegio Militar or West Point of Mexico is situated about two Miles Wes Wardly from the capital on the minit of an abrupt Bluff which suddenly lifts itself from the Valley to the Altitude of 150 feet perpendicularly. The Bluff is Steep and Rocky and covered with Small stumps of Trees and a Low undergrowth of Brambles and shoots the Large Trees having been Cut away to be out of the Range of their artillery. The whole fortress or work of defence is about 3i0 Yards in length and Iho Terre Plein and main buildings 600 feet. The Castle is about 40 feet High and the whole so Rulure including the wings bastions parapets redoubts and batteries is very strongly built anal of the most splendid architecture. A spend ii dome decorates the top rising in great majesty about 20 feet above the whole truly grand and magnificent pile and near which is the front Centre supported by a Stone Arch upon which is painted the coat farms of the Republic where once floated the Tri coloured Banner but is now decorated by the glorious stars and stripes of our own Happy land. Two very strongly built Stone Walls surround the whole and at the West end where we stormed the works the outer Walls Are some ten feet a part and twelve or fifteen feet High Over which we charged by the help of fas Cines. It was de fended by heavy artillery maimed by the most Learned and skillful gunners of their army including some French artillery its of distinction. The infantry Force consisted of the Oil leers and students of the institution and the National guards and chosen men of War of the Republic the whole under the command of general Bravo whom to made prisoner. The whole Hill is spotted with forts and outposts and Stone and mud Walls which were filled with their picket or Castle guard. A huge High Stonewall extends around the whole frowning choir ii mount and another along the Southeast a Quot Midway Froin the former an i cattle. A Wall paved Road leads up in a triangular form to the main Gate entering the South Terre Plein and the whole works Are ingeniously and beautifully ornamented with Spanish fastidiousness and skill. A View of Chapultepec the residence of the once powerful Prince Montezuma As you come Down the sunny Valley of Ana Himic is a sight the most enchanting in the open volume of nature s delighted scenery. A Mountain Range encircles this Lovely Valley the uneven rugged peaks of whose Bluffs like the gems of India Are Ever and anon lit up by the freaks of Sunshine that drive farming Anil Reading. Do you take and read an agricultural paper strange that Afa Riner or planter should think of doing without one. A the merchant surrounds himself with his shipping lists Price currents and All the Means that can communicate information and ensure Success the lawyer s shelves Are loaded with Law journals Law reports Law commentaries and Law precedents for he is sensible that without understanding what others have done to cannot Hope for Triumph at the bar so with the other professions they must and do Road if they Hope for Eminence or usefulness. All Are anxious to understand their own business the Farmer excepted and too Many of these Are Content to follow on in the beaten path never Reading scarcely thinking and showing no anxiety to know what science is doing Tor them and what discoveries and improvements Are making to Aid and accelerate their Progress. No Man needs extensive varied knowledge More than the Farmer none can turn it to More profitable account. The whole growth of a Plant from the germination of the seed to the ripening of the fruit is purely a chemical process and one that May be understood and known. The Farmer is admirably situated to study and interrogate nature. Lot him read observe compare reflect and practice accordingly. Never act without system nor do a thing because others have done . Yumana. drunkenness drink cold water for health Rise Early to be Happy be honest to please All a Rind your own business. The iii him of Karnak in the evening by the rays of the Beautiful Moon after looking again upon the dark Portal of Luxor and its gloomy cent Rios we started for Karnak. There was formerly a Broad Road leading from the Portal of Luxor to the great Gato of Karnak. We passed through ields of Long Bent grass and in half an hour reached a Village with its mud Walls and straggling Palms. The dogs turned out snarling and howling. At Onsi we could Seo nothing neither temples nor ruins. Everything seemed indistinct. Turning round a Bank we arrived at the famous Avenue of sphinxes and Here the first pop Rylon of the great Temple was before us with the Moon streaming upon it and its Long deep Shadow sleeping upon the Plain. As we came nearer it seemed by degrees to grow upon us but not till we stood under it were its colossal dimensions evident. The guides and horses seemed like dwarfs. So matchless were the proportions and so simple and so grand the form that no idea can be donned of the size until it overwhelms one. Passing through it we entered a Small Temple from the neighbourhood of which the View presents itself is extraordinary. Mass upon mass of Stone fragments of pillars blocks of Granite heaped in endless confusion met the Eye every whore looking As though shaken Down by some superhuman Power. Avon Worful must have been their Elevation but far More Wom Hirlu still their great fall. I can give no Acci Irato measurement of the size of one of these fragments but a horse and rider would disappear behind Many of the single pieces. Beside the a a rials Are two sitting statues of Granite facing each other. The great Hall of the Temple then appeared in All its Sublimity. To Felt that to behold magnificent remains More than repaid us for what we had endured. The sight surpassed both All that 1 had heard or anticipated. Who can describe such a Majestic desolation How came Sulci enormous masses to be shaken to their Foi Dation no human Power one would suppose Coul ruin. Dread ind cod must have been the scene and the hour of the downfall of Karnak deserter a the following items of mexican intelligence received by the steamship n. Or leans we gather from the n. 0. Picayune and Delta the bark Brazil had not arrived at Vera Cruz on the 24th, and it was supposed there that she was lost having been out Twenty eight Days. The dates by this arrival Are no later from the City of Mexico. We give Here a Brief letter from a source usually Well informed City of Mexico dec. 8, 1847. Gen. Patterson arrived Here Day before yesterday and the last of his command reached Here to Day. He has brought with him about 3,500 men. As soon As Gen. Butler arrives he or Gen. Patterson will be sent to san Luis Potosi too pen communication Between there and Tampico and the other of the above named generals will be sent to Zacatecas to take of the country around. Queretaro will not be disturbed just now. Lieut. O Sullivan who was promoted for gallantry at Palo Alto and distinguished himself in the last Battles has joined the mexicans and received a col Nelcy in the mexican army. The guerrillas continue to make their appearance occasionally on the Road Between Vera Cruz and the City of Mexico. Gen. Butler with 4,000 or ,5,0 i0 men was met by Gen. Twiggs at Puebla in route for the City of Mexico. The Elci Hanl Columbus and his night or to ago we paid a visit to the menagerie feeling some curiosity to Sec and learn something respecting Columbus since the arrival of his former favorite keeper Townsend who was sent for immediately after the recent trouble. It appears that when Townsend on his arrival presented himself before the animal he instantly Jec Ogni sed him and gave numerous tokens of pleasure and gratification. The keeper accosted Nim in these words Quot Well Columbus so you have been a bad boy have you you scoundrels Quot the elephant on hearing this snorted and put out his trunk find embraced him gently and affectionately. No one however timid need be afraid to go and see coh Quibus now for he is As docile and tractable As a Lamb under the Eye and guidance of Townsend who had previously been with him about ten years. Such was the intense curiosity of the Public on Christmas Day to see the Nohle beast that upwards of 7,000 persons visited the gleaner. And finally breaking away from those who held him charged the left flank carrying a Soldier through the ranks on his horns and Landing him in the mud on the opposite Side of the Road a the two men finally got hold of the Lasso again and were getting him along very Well when four of us civilians came along on horses. Then he began to plunge and Paw the ground and one of the mexicans who got in front of the beast to beat him still was tossed Clear Over the burrs Back. The infuriated creature then picked into the other and throwing him in about two feet mud and water gored and ducked him for several seconds. All the horsemen Rode up and succeeded in driving the animal from his prey when he turned and put after us More furiously than Ever. As we had no arms and did not choose to have our horses ruined there was some pretty tall walking for a Short distance. The animal ran Down the column till near the head of the 7th regiment and then charged again making a pretty wide breach in the ranks. After satisfying himself that the 7th was Quot no where Quot when he was about he made a Rush on the 2d, the boys had time to fix their bayonets however and met our Friend so coolly that after receiving five or six Bayonet wounds he hauled off and gave up the Battle. In a be v moments i saw him Lassord by a horseman and pulled along towards the City bleeding profusely and looking quite Crest fallen. He had evidently been deceived in his first charge and seeing no bayonets probably did not reckon on finding any on his second splurge. But he can if the butchers have not killed him which i strongly suspect himself with the fact that he made More consternation among two regiments of u. S. Infantry than a thousand two legged mexicans could have done. A daring robbery. The Newark advertiser of the 30ih, ult gives the following particulars of a most daring robbery and the arrest of the villain Quot one of the most daring robberies that has occurred within our knowledge in new Jersey was committed yesterday in the Vicinity of retouch in Between Bah Way and new Brunswick. The circumstances As communicated to us from authentic sources Are As follows. Or. Benjamin m. Crowell of new York being at the House of some relatives in the Village of me Touchin the family of the late Lewis Campbell Esq took their horse and Wagon Between 1 an j 2 o clock in the afternoon to take a ride to new Brunswick. After having travelled Tuout a mile and a Liaf he was accosted in the Edge of a piece of Woods by a Man apparently coming from new Brunswick who beckoned for him to Stop which he i medially did supposing that he wanted to make some in Viires about the Way or to get a ride. In coming up before or. Crowell he presented a pistol to his breast demanding his Money. After a m ment s to fiction or. C. Handed him his pocket Book containing cj37 whereupon the Ruffian immediately demanded a surrender of the horse and Wagon threatening at the have worked such gome time to shoot him if he did not change or Public sentiment in Canada. The liberals Are about to Triumph in Canada even More completely than they have already triumphed in Nova Scotia. Quot we had sure Means of information that a change was inevitable and so stated the moment the writs for election were announced. The correctness of the estimates made by those in whom we trusted is already Manifest. The Montreal Herald a temperate tory journal gives us three Days later advices to the 4ih inst. Every additional return is that of a reformers to the tories every mail brings tidings of new reverses. Even or. Johnson of Prescott is now admitted to be a decided opponent to the men in authority. Or. Francis Lincks editor of the Montreal Pilot was Defeated in Oxford county last election by a thorough tory. He led the poll Over 200, when last heard from and is undoubtedly elected. Or. H. Was inspector general during the ministry of Lafontaine and Baldwin. Or. James Leslie is elected by acclamation in Vercheres. No Man opposed him. Or. L. Is an old and respected member of the legislature alike Independent in principle and purse a native of Scotland and has Ever been on the Side of colonial Reform. For the Fertile country around the City of Toronto the wealthy Farmers inhabiting which have never swerved from their Atia Cheni to just government or. James i Lercy Price has been returned. He was a member of the last three parliaments. Or. Wolford Nelson again represents the populous county of Richelieu. At former elections he was strongly opposed. This Lime everybody supported him. Or. Nelson contended for better government before the revolt fought bravely at St. Denis was apprehended and a Reward of $2,000 j paid to iii captor. On his return front ban Hok i tii the overtohe1ming defeat Quot thus alluded to was the election of or. Badgeley the Queen s attorney by a Small constituency with a majority of just 215 Don t miss a Chance ser a vants who lived Many years together with an old gentleman in Northamptonshire w6re Ono evening sitting by tie Kitchen fire when the Bachelor said to the maid Quot Hannah you and i have lived Many years together and been very comfortable master gets very old and shaky and can t last Long and when he Dies we should like to part. So suppose we to married we be saved a bit of Money apiece and when master s gone should live on a piece of land. What safest yes or no at once Quot Hannah replied Quot no Peter i d rather Peter said no More about it. The next night the same parties sat in the same place. After a Little time Hannah said Quot Peter i be been thinking about weat you said last night and have altered my Peter answered in three words Quot so have to eccentrics. M. Marshal of the russian nobility. Von Vitebsk von of Chanowich a Nobleman Well known by his extensive travels in Europe and the East was lately shot by a game keeper who mistook him for a veld beast on account of his head Cov Cring. The dying Man fully exculpate the innocent author of his death. The dark shades front their Gorges and play in column upon column Tower Walls roofs Sportive majesty on their Prouxl summits. Pop yen foundations were All broken up and Ocate Pelt is in full View southeastward by from us. Down lie on every Side. This was formerly a Volcano but for a Long h was not with the tramp of War steeds the time has been slumbering. She will doubtless i noise of chariots or the Marci of legions again vomit up her fiery bowels upon the i to is-1 that the each Shook and the tem ills Nuila ant valleys that lie like carpets at her rugged base j by ii would seem that the judgment of heaven she is covered with perpetual snows upon which j descended upon the land left an awful lesson the rays of the Sun full with a Lustre that Dazzles son to future a to be Road and Pond de on brighter than the jewels of Golconda. Two Calm g Assy lakes teus Cuco Salt and Chalco fresh water ornament the scenery closing the capital in a womb of Waters like the ancient City of Tyre. Ornamented shrubbery splendid aqueducts Arches cisterns and sculptured Stone statuary decorate the avenues and main entrances to the City. Three costly and ingeniously made aqueducts convey the water from the High lands to the grand Plaz a and the whole lands a o is dotted with Hii cicadas and modest Little churches whose Spires glitter through the Green Trees with a Silver Sheen Juite ravishing. But nothing except convents Nunn eries cathedrals and churches has any Pron Indence in the View towards the City. Upon the whole a View from Chapultepec is like a View from Etna you feel above the world enraptured with the delightful scenery that fills your vision. We had a grand Renjel in the Halls of the Mon Tzumas on the evening of the 28ih october and intend having another soon. Amid the silent Halls of this earthly Temple. The decay of great nations May arise from various causes us from mis government from in Virnal strife from Conquest and from a fill ure of Nati Mial virtue. But it is not possible thus to a m Oum for the changed aspect of the face of i Ign stand Syria. Vast districts whip i Are now stirs of shifting Sand must Ono Timo have been the most fruitful Plains in the world. It is impose Srbui to r concilus what we know to hav i been the former state of Egypt its unrivalled ii Fertil to nmn Erous cities and in it Nisi Opu Lution to its present state without supposing that some great physical change has taken place. The very ruins of mighty and Poulous cities of the ancient world Are now buried beneath Sands so that not a Trace remains of them. Ashment in Bermuda Many of our readers will c. Accordingly surrendered it. And the villain i Chi Ember that he addressed a very Large As took the reins and Turnag round made Oil. Sem Blage of the citizens at the Richmond Hill or. C. Followed imn Back As fast As he could he a a a brother of or. Robert Nelson Lannin the inhabitants who had observed there Nerving the Bead. James s. Scofield chemist of division St., this City professes to have discovered a chemical process to preserve from doom of Ilion the body of Tor death. So Olucien it is said is Iho process that the ravages of time and decay Cay Are completely frustrated the body remaining in u stale of perfect preservation without Chango oven in color. Ono of Ihu Many advantages of this process is that the body May to kept for any length of Timo Thoro by permitting Tho arrival of Distant relatives Bosforo consigning it to the . Amer. Amputation. Prof a Gibson says Tho Richmond enquirer in Tho Prosence of the class and several medical Gen Lenien performed an amputation of Tho to Leigh at the me Lical College on thursday morning the patient being under the in Cuenco of Ether. This adds another in Tho Long catalogue of instances in which by Tho Aid of this Ines Mablo Blessing to humanity a Ain and to Stross Are spared during one of Tho most Sovero and trying operations. It was interesting to notice that while under the in Lonco of the other during Tho removal of Tho limb Tho patient remained or Lestly riot manifesting not Tho least symptom of muttering but during Tho dressing after the Ini Cuenco of the Tihor had Passet Lof the Mere i production of a a utting cat Sod Ovid ont signs of . American. Wagon return and pass through me Touchin Appa-1 gently in a great hurry. A number of men immediately followed in Pursuit and Vohen about 4 Miles from me Touchin on Tolje Road to Woodbridge he was overtaken by the Bev. P. H. Bur Haidl. J when the villain had turned the Corner and saw or. B. On horseback pursuing him closely he put the horse under a full run for some distance but finding it impossible to escape with the horse and Wagon he abandoned it and took across the Fields on foot but was soon imaged off and com polled to Stop. Upon searching him there was found upon his person a Dirk knife two pistols both heavily charged with Ball a lot of Silver Pencil cases and a stamp bearing the name of c. Henric. Tie pocket Book was found under the Fence where he crossed. Upon being examined before jul amp Nice Runyon of new uru Wiek he gave his name As Charles Williamson says that he resides in new York is about 10 years of age and was out in the i in try peddling Pencil and that to carried the pistols for his own personal Protection. To was fully committed to await his trial at the Middlesex Oyer and Ter Miner in March i Cuer. Freatis of a Ivi Elican Bull. In an interesting letter to Tho Philadelphia North american dated Puebla 5th August we find the following humorous account of an to Protu Quot Bull fight about a week since Gens. Scott Twiggs Ami Shields with an escort of dragoons and the 2d and 7lh infantry made an excursion to Tho site of Tho ancient Aztec City and 1 joined it. About two Miles from Puebla a laughable incident occurred though it Woll nigh ended in Tho infantry were ascending an East slope when two mexicans came along with a powerful Bull which Ono of them held by a Lasso Over the horns Whilo Tho other urged him along with n i Tho animal Beca Iuo restive a Tho soldiers passed of this City. . Polet Teand Dumoulin who Are contesting three Rivers agree in opposition to lord i Ilgin s Pinsent advisers. Or. Malcolm c Ameron s election fur the county of Kent is admitted to be sure. In distinguishing parties in Canada As conservatives and reformers we merely adopt Tho language of the . As to which of them is most attached to British connexion we Nav remark that lord Sacaton Cathcart and a Iet Calie and 8ir George Arthur and f. B. Head trusted Tho first mined party while lords Durham. Sydenham and sir Charles Blagoi once minister to this Republic gave their Coni Schmee to the latter. Since the arrival of the i Turl of Elgin ther has b in no general election until now. The chief ail users of his predecessors were Ultra lories with whom a couple of or. Papineau s intimate connections Assoc Atod themselves and the character of Tho Dantini stration has nut been essentially i hanged. Of course its patronage is gents rally exercised in favor of persons Suppo Seil to by inimical to in Tho Duft met parliament it commonly counted on a majority of two. Sir Allan Mcnab Tho old speaker told the Hamilton folks that he would not again be a candidate for legislative honors. If Tho times change no Man living will know better How to adapt his conduct to the new order of things than Tho Knight of Shlosser. The Lontreal mining courier the paper of the ruling party in canal thus commences its labors on Tho 1st inst. The result of the contest will in All human probability be As great As it will be lasting for a a will i conture to pro diff that its recent overwhelming doff at will for Many years to come Coj sign Tho beaten and Batty red carcase of radicalism to Tho dust in which it is now groveling Anil that too with but Small Hope of a . To Arlor conquered. The new Orleans papers say that on the Day of Gen. Taylor s Public reception the ladies parlor of the St. Charles hotel presented about 5 o clock an interesting scene. The old general was then and there to give an audience to the fair daughters of Louisiana. He entered bashfully and with much tre Pidiry. Almost immediately a pair of dark Lustrous eyes appeared at the door and levelling their irresistible fire at the old soldiers another and another Ptiip followed until a Phalanx of brilliancy and Beaufy was arrayed before him which he has since declared was More formidable to any Gallant american Soldier than a Park of mexican artillery. The old Man s heart fluttered in his bosom and his wavering and Uncertain aspect presaged irretrievable defeat and total rout. He thought of the charge at Palo Alto the strife of Resaca de la Palma the storming of Monterey and the Victory of Buena Vista and the immortal heroes of those glorious deeds coming to his assistance and acting As a Reserve guard some order was restored to the Headquarters of reason and the old hero presented a firmer front. But an unexpected charge was made upon him a pair of the loveliest and sweetest lips in the world were pressed to his and before he could recover breath another fair lady followed suit until resistance was vain and the old hero of Buena Vista Bictory. A paper was lately read before the British association of geologists by e. Vevian which gave an account of some recent researches in Kent s Cavern by Tho Tonguay natural historical society in which it would appear that our forefathers were at one period unacquainted with the use of Iron. In Ono place wis found a layer of dark Mould containing Burnt Wood or charcoal with recent shells and Bones resting on the floor of Stag Lamite and below this a solid bed of red Marl full of broken Bones and Teeth of extinct animals. In another place below a door of Stag la Nite which was carefully swept and seemed never to have been disturbed they found the same red Loam with Many Bones Onich decayed and a lint knife. In another place where the Stagl Amito was about i foot thick the same Loam contained a bed of Fossil Teeth principally of Tho Hyena Many Fossil doilies and among them another very perfect hint knife. The author thought thai the Cave was first inhabited by bears hyenas and other carnivorous animals by whom Many of the Bones wore carried into Tho Cave that those by Means of a flood were mixed with Tho red Loam and that men subsequently inhabited the Cave leaving Tho Flint knives now found. Then came a third period in the which the Stag Lamite was deposited and Las of All that period in which Tho British Tern tins found above Tho Sta Lanute were deposited in the Cave. The on the recent letter from constantinople states that Tho cholera was still raging on some parts of Tho Shore of Tho Black sea. At Trebisonda it had made More than a thousand victims but at Tho first accounts it had nearly wholly disappeared Bagdad which suffered severely from this Scourge last year has once More witnessed iia reappearance within its Walls but it has not raged with much intensity. During the space of a fortnight he number of victims had been but about a Hundred. The Jost alarm no reports have been circuit Ltd in constantinople but they Are happily without foundation and it is now quite certain that to cases of cholera have originated within the Walls of this City. A a snid that the Man a bout Tho in St tree in the wilds of Ohio a still alive. He resides on a Small farm in Oneida county n. Y., and is 86 years of be. Ohio now cock turns n population of two millions

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