Page 2 of 8 Jan 1848 Issue of Bloomington Indiana Tribune in Bloomington, Indiana

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Bloomington Indiana Tribune (Newspaper) - January 8, 1848, Bloomington, Indiana India it a trib me. The perpetuity of our glorious Union can Only be secured by the intelligence Industry and morality of the people. Vol 1.bloomington, Indiana january 8, 1848. Indiana Tribune. J. Is published every saturday by m. Mathes amp e. Good w i n Eldors and proprietors. Terms the Tri Bitne is published every saturday at Tho Christian Accord office in Bloo Inin Lon in Dat t$1.50 per annul payable in Advance or within three months from he time of after Ilire months did within Tho year �2.00�?or 2.50 if payment be delayed till the year is out. Advertise ninth into Rcd at the usual rates works were within direct gun shot of the Village of Tacu Baya and until carried we could not approach the City on the West without making a circuit too wide and too hazardous. In the course of the same night that of the 11th heavy batteries within easy Range were established. No. 1, on our right under the command of Captain drum 4th artillery relieved late the next Flung out from the upper Walls amidst Long continued shouts and cheers which sent dist Uay into the capital. No Sceno could have been More animating or glorious. Major general Quitman nobly supported by brigadier generals Shields and Smith p. F., his other officers and men was up with the part assigned him Simita Neoushy with tie move Cut on the West he had gallantly approached the Southwest of Tho same works Over a causeway Voith cuts and batteries and defended by Day for some hours by Lieut. Andrews an army strongly posted outside to Tho East of of Tho 3d. And no. 2, commanded by j the works. Those formidable obstacles let Uit Lieut. Lwagner ordnance both support i Man had to fact with but Little shelter for his de by Quitman s division. Nos. 3 and 4 troops or space for Malocu vrints Volt Hilll and Chron id artillery alternately and the latter by Lieut. Stone the batteries were traced by capt. Huger and capt. Lee Engineer and constructed by Tirom with the Able assistance of tic Young officers of those corps and the a liquor. To prepare for an assault it was foreseen that the play of the batteries might run into the Uco Iid Day Bat recent captures Lead not Only trebled our siege Piecho Mit our ammunition and we i jew that we Sli Ould a neatly augment both by carrying the place. I was there rare in no haste in ordering an assault Kolbre tie works were Well crippled b our missiles. The Boni Hardmond and cannonade under tie direct Ion of capt Huger were commenced Early in the morning of the 12th. Before night fall which necessarily stopped our batteries we had perceived that a Good impression had been made on the Castle and its out works and Liat a Large body of the enc imy Hall remained outside towards the City from an Early hour to avoid our fire and to be at hand on its cessation in order to reinforce the to Arrison against an assault. The same outside Force m As discovered the next morning after our batteries had reopened upon the Castle by which we again reduce Dils Garrison to i in minimum needed for to c guns. Pillow and Quitt Aahad been in position since Early in the of the Lith. Major general Worth avas now ordered to hold iii division in Reserve near the official despatches. Battles of Mexico. Report of Raj. Gen. Scott. No. Of. Iliad i my ters of of Lei army National Palaco of Mexico it sept. 18. 1847. So at the end of another series of arduous and Brilliant operations of Quot More than forty eight hours continuance this glorious Arney hoisted on the morn ii g of the 14th, the colors of the cuu ted states on the Walls of Liis Palace. The Victory of the 8th, at the Molinos Del key was Ibl towed by daring recon Nois Sances on ice part of our engineers Ca t. Lee lie Uta. Beauregard Stevens and Tower maj. Smith senior being sick and capt. Mason third in rank wounded. Their operations were directed principally to the South towards the Gates of the Piedad san Angel Nino i Perdido san Antonio and the passed de la v Iga. This City stands on a slight swell of ground near the Centre of an irregular Basin and is girdled with a ditch in its greatest extent a navigable Cantil of great breadth and depth very iii cult to Bridge in the preset ice of an enemy and serving at Gucci for drainage Customhouse purposes and military defence leaving eight entrances of Gates Over Arches each of which we found defended by a system of Strong works that seemed to require nothing but some men and guns to be impregnable. Outside and within the Cross fires of those Gates we bund to the of uth other obstacles but Little less formidable. All the approaches near the City Are Over elevated causeways Cut in Many places to oppose us and flanked on both sides by ditches also of unusual i intensions. The numerous Are ranked in Lik it i manner having Bridges at tie a to sections recent Quot broken. The Meadows thus Check ered arc More Ostir in Many spots i ulcer vat 3r or marshy in it will be remembered w. Re in midst of the wet season Tho Zigu wit ii less Rai for the group Kos at Tulve Edge of the City the Low a a is furnished with scaling lad Ost 111 the whole Basin. After a close personal Survey of the. ,., a Southern covered by Pillow s Divis Anikin cd Forth attack was Ion and la lev a brigade of twi is with c it pro on he Par of j. A ,. Our Hovav Piatt incs. Al just 8 o clock in Tho Lour our m ,�,3 i3th, jiul Viiu. That Tho time had our let Fennin Doii the arrived by the circa i of the Missica we had Lith to avoid that net work of of slacked i Cut an Aid do Camp i., Pillow and and to seek by a sudden inversion to the anti Porto Quilman with the Roticci that the Southwest and West less unfavourable a sign i was about to be or Ven. Juth preaches. Coli mins Uvis advanced with an an alacrity that to economize the lives of our Gallant Avo has a acc of Jumpt Success. Thu Bat Oili cers and men As Well As to insure sue tei is pc ing upportnnitie., throw shots and Cess it became incl in table that this in Tony Over Tho Heads of Quot our Resolution should be Long from Llie enemy Arul again that the new movement when disco Ltd de should be mistaken for a feint and the old As in i Smith and his brigade had been Early thrown out to make a swoop to Tho right in order to present a front again�3t the a Ncncy s line outside and to turn two intervening batteries near the foot of Chapultepec. This move input was also intended to support Quitman a storming parties Bolh on the causeway. Tho in St of these furnished by Twig s division was commanded in succession by Jap. Casey 2d Intuit by and capt. Paul,7th infantry after Ca soy had been severely wounded and the second originally under the Gallant maj. Twiggs Marine corps killed and then Caj t. Miller 2d Pennsylvania volunteers. Tho Stormi if party now come handed by capt. Paul seconded by capt. Llo crts of the rifles Lieut. Stewart and of Lions of Tho same regiment Smith s brigade carried the two l att erics in Tho rond took some guns with Many prisoners and drove the enemy posted behind in sup Ort. The now York and South Carolina volunteers Shields brigade and the 2d Pennsylvania volunteers nil on the left of Quitman s line with portions of his i storming parties Cio Sod the Meadows in front under a heavy fire and entered the outer enclosure of Chapultepec just in time to join in Tho final assault from the West. Besides major generals Pillow and Quitman brigadier generals shield Smith and catwalk adar the follow ing arc the Oil cars and corps most distinguished in those Brilliant operations Tho Volt ii her ref raiment in two detachments command cd respectively by col. Andrews Anil Lieut. Col. Johnstone the latter mostly in the Lead accompanied by major Cau Uvell captains Barnard and Biddle of the same regiment the Fiji Mer the first to Plant a regimental color and Tho latter among the first in Tho assault a the storming party of Worth s division under capt. Mckenzie 2d artillery with Lieut. Sci Don 8th infantry Early on tic ladder and bad wooded Lieut. Armistead 6lh infantry ibid dark to Suppin to Pillow and Briga july wounded Lieut. Armistead both Man by Dier Gen. , of twigs , had j up first to leap into the ditch to p ant a ladder just Arri it d Vith his brigade from Piedad 2 Miles to support Uit Inan Twiggs Guzi before the Southern Gates again reminded us As the Day before that he with Riley s it brigade and Taylor s and Steptoe s i it batteries was in activity threatening the Southern Gates and there holding a great part of the mexican army on the d of it its be. Worth s Ili virion Furni cited Pillow s atan assaulting party of a ome >0 \ o�.o�? and men Muter dictating our True and ultimate Point of attack. A accordingly on the spot Tho Lith 1 ordered a Pitman s division from Cocoa can to join Pillow a inf a ii it before tie Bouthern Gates and then that the tvo major Gene als with their divisions who it by Nii Shl proce tid two Miles to join me at Tacu Baya where i was quartered with Worth s division. Twin res with Riley s brigade and i gains Taylor s and step toe s yield Batt Riesz Toni latter of i i Pounders a was left in front of those Gates to Manu ouvre to threaten or to make false attacks in order to occupy and deceive Tho enemy. Twiggs other brigade Smith s was left at supporting distance in the rear at san Angel till the morning of the 13th, and also to support our general Tussiot at Misc Mac. The stratagem against the South was admirably excited throughout the p2th and Down to the afternoon of the kith when it was too late Lor the enemy to recover from the effects of his delusion. Tho first step in the new movement was to carry Chapultepec a natural and isolated Romul of great Elevation strongly fortified at its base on its acclivity is and Heights. Resides a numerous Garrison Here was Tho military College of the Republic with a Largo number of sub and Uther tit Tidell a. Those men Vilh it Wiki of acct particularly la every to rouf Jacc the works irom without to meet or assault. I Ian. General Pillow s a proach on Tho West bide Lay throw Fri in open it Provo Flod with Sharp shooters who wore spec Lily a of iii la iii up with Tho front of that attack and Nur mar Imo opon space at the front of a Rocky a Ltd Ivity the it Lead it a was struck Down by an a it four ing wound. The ilium Oviatt a on Quiaud of valved on Bri Rulick Genera cad Walaiko in the a Bronco of the senior brigadier Pioci of the same division a an invalid since the eve tails of a Urit 10, on a previous Call of Pillow Worth had just sent him a rein a a cements coi. Clark s brigade. The broken acclivity was still to to ascended and a f tron it redoubt Midway to to carried before reaching Tho Castle on Tho Hei it dits. The Advaney of our Bravo men led by Brave Oft Cera though Neces Ssu ily slow was unwavering Over rocks chasms and no Noh and under Trio hottest Iho of Cannon and tie redoubt now yielded to Resistless Vidor and Tho shouts that billowed announced to the Castle the Fate that Imp filed. Tho enemy were steadily Dri to n front shelter to shelter. Tho a Troat allowed not time to lire a sin it de mine without the it a Dainty of blowing up Friend and foe. I hoho who at a distance attempted to aply Nih Tehhoh to Tho Long trains wore shot Down let your own. I hero was death below As Well a above ground. At length Tho Dittli and Wall at the main work were readied the scaling ladders were by Oudit up and planted by Tho storming parties Somo of Tho daring spirits Fust in Trio assault were cast Telov Vns killed or wounded but a Lodgment was to on no do a a streams of heroes followed All no was of Crocomo and Novorul of our Rigi Nional colors Micuta. Rogers of the 4th, and j. P. Smith of the r the infantry both mortally a Mided a the 9th infantry under col. Ransom who was killed while gallantly leading that Gallant regiment the a sithi infantry under Lieut. Col. Howard and major Woods with Captain Chase whose company gallantly carried the redoubt Midway up the acclivity col. Clark s brigade Worth s division consisting of the 5th, 8th and part of Tho Atli regiments of infantry commanded respectively by Cai tail Chaj Man major Montgomery and Lieut. Edward Johnson the latter specially no Tietel with Lieut. Lon it Iirth to badly wounded advancing a colors in hand Pickett Anil Mei Chuntz Llie last three of 8th infantry a portions of the United slates Nuudi pics new Vork South Carolina am the orders of the nil rat l Leforc to major general Worth to be with his division at hand to support the movement of major Gen l Pillow from our left. The latter seems soon to have called for that entire division standing momentarily in Reserve and Worth a ent him col. Clarke s brigade. The Call if not unnecessary was at least from Tho unknown to me at Tho time for soon observing that the very Large body of the enemy in the Road in front of major Gen i Quitman s right was receiving reinforcements from the City loss than a mile and a half to the cast i sent instructions to Worth Oil our opposite flank to turn Chapel to dec ditch a i Pec with his division and to proceed cautious a by the Road at its Northern base in order if not met by very Superior numbers to threaten or to attack in re in that body of the enemy. Tho movement it was also believed could not fail to distract and to intimidate the enemy Irene rally. Worth promptly advanced with his remaining brigade cel. Gailand so Lieut. Col. A f. Smith is Light battalion Lieut. Icon. Duncan s Field l artery a All of his division and three squadrons of dragoons under major Sumner which 1 had just ordered up to join in the move ment. Having turned the Forest on the West and arriving opposite to Tho North Centre of Chapultepec Worth came up with the troops in the Road under col. Trousdale and aided by a Frank movement of a part of Garland s brigade in taking the one gun breastworks then under the flip of Licul. Jackson s Section of capt Magruder s Field Battery. Continuing to and Vance this division passed Chapultepec attacking the right of the enemy s line resting on that Road about the Ino Meni of the general Retreat cons it Cunt upon the Captuo of the formidable Castle and its out works. Arriving some minutes later and mounting to flip top of the Castle Tho whole Field to the East Lay plainly under my View. Liere Are two Routos from Chapultepec to the capital Tho one on Tho right entering the same Gate Belon with the Rood from the South via Pii dad and the Oil cd oblique no to the left to intersect the great Western or san Cosme Road in a Subarli outside 0. The Gate of san Cosme. Each of these routes an elevated causeway presents a double Roadway on the sides of an Aqueduct of Strong masonry and great height resting on open Archt s and massive pillars which together at lord Fine Points both for attack and defense i he sideways of Boih aqueducts Are moreover defended by Many Strong breastworks at the Gates and before reaching them. As we had we found the four tracks unusually dry and solid for the season. Worth and Quinnan were prompt in pursuing Tho retreating enemy the former by the san Cosme Aqueduct and the latter along that of Belen each had now advanced some Hundred Yards. Deeming it All important to profit by , and the consequent dismay of Tho Edemy which could not be otherwise than general 1 hasten to despatch from Chapultepec first Clarke s brigade and then Cadwallader a to the support of Worth and gave orders that the necessary heavy guns should follow. Pierce s brigade was at the Saino time sent to quit Ian am in tiie Wun a of Tho aft Nikon i Causi d some additional sit ice Pic cos to be added to his train. Then alter Tho lath infantry under it. Col. Howall Quot Morgan the colonel had been disabled by a wound Ai the Gar let i Vohu steers which delay d i Lison of Chapin Tepic and directions for with their division Quitmun s by Tho hot engagement below arrived just in time to parti Cip ate in the ass att of the Heights particularly a detachment under Lieut. Heid new York the car of the Bison Cir of War the captured ordnance acid ordnance stores 1 proceeded to join the Advance of Worth within Lii suburb and beyond Tho Tuni at Tho a us Cimon of tiie Aqueduct volunteers consisting of a come any of Tho with the great Highway from Tho West to the Gate same with one of marines and an outlier detach of san Cosme meat a portion of Tho storming party twigs a a a Junction of roads we first passed one division serving with Quitman under Lieut. Of those farm Dalde systems of City defences , 2d Aller Tho fall of Lieut. Ken of above and it had not a Giudo a Strong h Gantt 7th Mia try. T a i oof 1st, that the a noisy had expected us in tins connexion it is but just to recall the �,�1 �,1 Nelm k upon Chapultepec Evon if we decisive al acct of the heavy batteries Ivos. 1, Unyi Iulg More Liun a feint that in it i and 4, commanded by those excellent Olli do signed in his Buli. Of to return and Field Battery also at Piedad to rejoin Quitman s division. I had been from Tho first Well award Thryl the Western or san Cosme was Tho less difficult route to the Centro and Conquest of the capital and therefore intended that Quitman should Only Mano Euver and threaten the Belen or South Western Gate in order to favor the main attack by Worth knowing that Tho Strong defences at the Belen were directly under the guns of the much stronger fortress called the cd Iader just within. Bolh of Iheson defences of the enemy wore also within easy supporting distance from the san Angel or Nino Perdido and san Antonio hence the greater support in numbers Given to Worth s movement As the main attack. Those views i repeatedly in Tho course of the Day communicated to maj. Gen. Quitman but being in hot Pursuit Gallant himself and ably supported by Brig. Generals Shields and Smith Shields badly wounded before Chat Puu epee and refusing to retired As will As by All Tho Oili cers and men of the column Quitman continued to press Forward under flank and direct fires a carried an intermediate Battery of 2 guns and then the Gate before 2 o clock in tiie afro noon but not without proportionate loss increased by his steady maintain Anco of that position. Here of the heavy battery�?4th artillery a. Capt. Drum and it. Benjamin were mortally Avo Imdad and it. Parker its third in rank slightly. The loss of those two most distinguished officers the army will Long its. J. B. Morago and w. Canty of the s. Carolinia volunteers also of High Merit fell on the same occasion besides Many of our bravest non commissioned of hers and men particularly in capt. Drum s Veteran company i cannot in this place give names or number but full returns of the killed and wounded of All corps in their recent operations will accompany this report. Quitman within the City adding several new defences to the position he had won and sheltering his corps As Well As practicable now awaited the return of Daylight under tha guns of Tho formidable Citadel to be subdued. At about 4 o clock morning sept. 14, a deputation of the Haijun Ramiento City Council waited upon me to report that the Federal government and the army of Mexico had fled from Tho Caj ital some three hours before and to demand terms of capitulation in favor of tha Church the citizens and Tho municipal authorities. I promptly replied that i would sign no capitulation that the City had been virtually ill our Possession from the time of die Lodgment effected by Worth and Quitman the Day before that 1 regretted Tho silent escape of Tho army that 1 should Levy upon Tho City a moderate contribution for special purposes and that Tho american army should Como under no terms not .5. Impose Odd such Only As its Honor Tho dignity of the United states and the spirit of Tho ago should in Ray opinion imperiously demand and impose. For the terms so imposed i refer the de part Maui to subsequent Gen end orders nos. 287 and 289, paragraphs 7, 8 and 9, of tha Laur a co ios of which arc herewith enclosed. At tic termination of Tho interview with Tho City deputation i communicated about Daylight orders to Worth and Quitman to Advance slowly and Cauti Tusly to guard against treachery towards the heart of the Cir and to occupy is stronger and More come Yunling Points. Quitman proceeded to the Groat Plait or Square planted guards and hoisted the colors of the United states on Tho National Palace containing the Halls of Congress and us Cautivo apartments of Federal Mexico. In grateful Scrico Quitman might Havo been anticipated by Vorih. But for my express orders halting the latter at Tho head of Tho Alameda Rcck Park within three squares of that a i j Golf the general amb Iliou. Tho capital. However was not Tak on by any Ono or two Coria a bin by Tho Talent the scion co the gallantry the prow ass of Tho entire army. In a a. Pm pro. O. To. Us a on. A a a a a a a a up a to. A a. Us. A of a it a noisy posted in Gradi is House log Salt Alai with Parai uits. for aril the Ninin Uain Howit ors of i is brigade Price did by Skirtun sitors and Atul Crow bars to to Mountain Battery under a a out. Reno of the ordnance deserves a Ilso to be a a Tirui Early mention a d. Att ichor to the it it Rigours it Tullo cd the movements of that Rug meat and again won in adding to Tho list of of cons i and doors or to Burrow through Culous Merit i must limit Tny Colf to u few of the Issa hints Woro soon in a equal Many names which might be Nus Tiou fatal u. Tho Onomy. By eight capt. To 4cr, assist Ajit adjutant g Gnu a al who Viock in Iho overing Worth bad carried two Wou special applause successively in Tho tail i Sid mrs. Accord Uig to my of Pillow and Jadw Alador Lieut. Let a do Ith Here posted guards ail Soati artillery wounded chief of Quitman s Slad Quot ii laced his troops under Slio tor for capt. Page it assistant jul mutant general wound-1 Fuore was but oui More Obs Tado cd and Lieut. Hammond al artillery both of to custom House to Shields stall Quot and i a Imit. Van i Orn 7ih iii laut i a a Nii and Tho great Square in Vout of by Aid do Camp to brigadier Ien. Smith. Rail dial and Alaee Tho heart of Iho those operations All Wcur red on the West. A Tuluii hairier it was known would no., Southeast and Heights of Cha a hip a. To to our siege thirty Miu u a rth Anil at the a tvs of the Mound Ina Cru ssi a blk on that Sich the 1 Ith , under . J j a Iti windows a i Quot la Wundt i Enneis of , by some 2, Tomc spirited a lairs against 8\q>erior munters driving Tho on my from a Battery in Tho rond and capturing a gun. In these the of scorn and corps named gained merited Praise. Col. Tous Dalo Tho commander though twice wounded continued on duty until Tho Heights were carried. Emily in Tho inti icing of Tho l he i rep Custod Worth. From this Point 1 ordered All and stragglers to their respective corps then in Advance sent to Quitman ail Dional Diego guns ammunition ont Roehing tools i relied Linley s from Piedad to a us Pon Wuich und Capi. One it inc s 000 Coli vices liberated Tho night Belore Tho Hying get Venu Ninus joined by perhaps As Many n soldiers. M to had disband etl them Selvi s and thrown Oil Quot their uniforms. This unlawful War lusted More than Twenty four hours in spite id the exertions of the municipal authorities and was not put blown till Woli id lost Many men including Many Oili cers killed or wounded and had the mis creams. The it dts acis were to gratify National hatred and Iti thu general alarm and confusion to plunder Tho i Althy particularly Tho Desoria d houses. But arc now Gei smally returning business of every kind Bias been , and the City is already tranquil and cheerful Tuler Tho Adenir Hubli end diet with expo it tons very few and Trilling of our Gallant Iron s. This army has to i More Ilis gusto than surprised that by sovino sinister process on Tho Lart of certain individuals at Home its mini Bius Havo been generally Ahev to to trebled in our Niblic papers beginning at no Ashington. Leaving As we All feared inadequate garrisons at Voro Cruz Ivr Iuit Antl Puebla with Antuch larger and being obliged most role tartly from the Samo cause general paucity of to abandon Lalann to March Evi i August 7-l0 Pivont j Zuehla wid Only 10,. 73u rank and Halo. This a umber Duvli ids Tho

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