Page 1 of 1 Jan 1848 Issue of Bloomington Indiana Tribune in Bloomington, Indiana

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Bloomington Indiana Tribune (Newspaper) - January 1, 1848, Bloomington, Indiana Ii Dia a trib Jive. Tiie perpetuity of our glorious Union can Only be secured by the intelligence Industry and morality of the people. I. I. Bloomington Indiana january 1, 1848. No. 6. Iana Tribune. Is published every saturday by matzies amp e. Goodwin editors and proprietors. Terms pm Punk 18 Puri slice every saturday at Trio n Riccord office in Bloomi iii flon in Dat cranium payable in a Iancu or within months from the time of a in scribing re after Olhs and within the year g 2.5u if t be delayed till the year is out. It sements inserted at the usual rates. B rom the n. York journal of . Pope a iii in. Inal Mastai Ferretti was elected Pope 5ih, 1847, and assumed the title of Pius in at once entered upon a course the re that which his predecessor pursued. He rough the streets on foot which the five in Popes had never done. He preached 10 Pope had done before for three Hundred he sought tiie society of men of talents ration and spent much time with them 11 the folic cars of the government discuss acts of it form. He gave audience with Ordinary Vereni. Nies and appointed Len tie meanest subject could have free 0 his person. Nor were these Mer 3 gain popularity but the fruit of an desire to be acquainted with the wants of lie that i might relieve them. A Coin Dier brought to him a loaf of miserable and said it was a fair Sample of their a Pius took the loaf and Laid it on the the minister of War whom he had inv inner and As the astonished functionary Pale charged him with the fault. After went through the Barracks fun and 4000 r a similar character Wlinich he Dislribu-3 poor he degraded the minister Imp is Bakers and gave each Soldier Money to j for in Imgolf. In order that he might be of All grievances and Render the complaints to himself As easy As possible ill letter Box to be put on the Palace in e people were invited to Deposit letters the key he kept and went himself setters. The night of his election he iii two Brothers informing them of his but requesting them not to come to fid not to expect any office. There Are dents of less importance but yet show character of the Many Uch is these cil were some of them shocked at the infallible radicalism of the holy see and one of them told him that if he did not alter his system the people would demand a Constitution. Quot and Why Quot was the answer Quot should i not accede to their desire if a Constitution is necessary to the welfare of my such an answer did not satisfy the uneasy dignitaries and a conspiracy was formed but its authors were discovered the Council Abo shod and one appointed in its place composed of simple prelates with a single Cardinal for president and now that has Given Way to a body composed partly of laymen. Formidable opposition was experienced from neighbouring despotic governments and esp Cinelly that of Austria which made energetic protests gathered armies fomented insurrections and even marched her troops into the papal territory. Amidst All these Kiili cuties added to those which Are inseparable from such an immense labor of Reform As Pius in marked out for himself it is not wonderful that he has been obliged to defer the execution of some projects till a More favourable season and to even recede slightly in one or two Points from positions al ready taken. In these cases however he has shown the sincerity of his intentions by making As far As possible real concessions to Liberty and Only formal concessions to despotism. Thus in regard to the censorship of the press a Point on which the remonstrances of Austria arc supposed to have been especially urgent the subjects of the Pope were greatly disappointed by the language of the decree which he issued mitigating but slightly the severity of previous Laws and equally gratified by the character of the new censors who had been selected from the ranks of literary men of known liberality. The execution of the Law has been so satisfactory that the number of newspapers in Rome has increased under its influence and that of other publications doubled so that the whole number of periodicals is now not far from 30. Be the intentions of the new Pope As they May to has so managed his private conduct and Public acts As to gain the unbounded Confidence of his per and produce such Good conduct order and Juiet among them As to astonish even his Best friends. The number of offences committed against person or property in Rome in june 18 i6, was 600 in Only 340 in August 380 in september 200 and in october 112. The following is a list of reforms actually accomplished. A reduction of the Tari at on imported Cotton goods one Quarter and on Woolen and mixed goods one half. A reduction of the internal report of Secretary of the Treasury. We make the following extract from the report of the Secretary of the Treasury of u. S. A., believing that it will be read with interest by the people generally. We should a Vic published the entire i report but for its great length. We have however taken the first division of it As we Ikid it in the National Latel licence re which embraces the things which All the people want to see. Official ii. Up civic appropriations a a cd for this year 49,582,13 -$55,644,941 72 Treasury department Dice Meek 8, 1847 in obedience to Law the following report is respectfully submitted the receipts and expenditures Tor the fiscal year ending on the 30th june 1847, were from customs $23,747,8 4 66 from Public lands 2,4l 8,3r 5 20 from miscellaneous sources 100,570 61 from avails of Treasury notes and Loans 25,679,193 45 reduced the pomp and expense of the he found that the table of the Palace shed with seven successive courses or id directed the Royal Cooks thereafter to Only three As that was the number to had been accustomed &c., amp a. 16th Day of july just one month after Ion appeared the fist great Public act ministration in a decree of amnesty for offences which restored lilt try to their their Homes and tie rights of Cilimon Tely on his accession he sold Oil a part ,.,. A ridges horses amp a. Oath Cesta isl unit i a .1.� Sill consumption. 1 he concussion to private companies of four lines of proposed railroads having a total length of nearly 400 Miles. The 6,000 hired Swiss soldiers were sent Home and National and civic guards established in their Stead. The publication of a Law journal with the proceedings of the courts of Justice has been authorized. The Learned men Are allowed to attend the italian scientific Congress which the previous victims of tyranny to the Esti Pope had forbidden their doing. The a Hetto Ember of 6,000. Many of them it re j that miserable part of Rome in which the jews Overty and a lion was started have hitherto been confined is thrown open and for their Relief. Marini governor of j they Are allowed to live elsewhere some Spe presented to tie Pope that a dangerous Cial taxes which they Laboured under Are removed motive had Groin Ted the movement and to insult a jew is now a criminal Oil ence severely punished. The Law concerning the Liberty of the press was so altered that the censors must hereafter be laymen. A municipal Council has been granted to the City of Koine to be composed of a Hundred persons of Vvhs an sixty four Are to be proprietary is to dirty four to be men of business and Only Lour ecclesiastics. This is the legislative body and from itself it chooses an executive body of nine who Servo without pay. A resident coun in of state has been convened consisting of one province of the papal territory two from Bologna and four from Rome Twenty four in All besides a Cardinal As president. This body is to deliberate and advise about All National affairs and is almost a legislature. These councils Are no elected by the people yet their Organ total receipts $52,025,989 82 add Ballance in Treasury july 1, 1846 9,120,439 08 total Means the expenditures during the same period were leaving Ballance in Treasury july 1, 1817 $01,152,428 90 59,451,177 65 1,701,251 25 the estimate 1 receipts and expenditures for the fiscal year ending 30th june 1848, arc receipts Viz from customs 1st Quarter by actual returns 11,103,257 41 from customs 2d, 3d, and 4th quarters As estimated from sales of Public lands from Misu Laneous sources 19,893,742 59 $31,000,000 00 3,500,000 00 400,000 00 from avails of Treasury not a and Loans 34,900,000 00 6,285,291 55 add Ballance in Treasury july 1, 1847 41,185,2j4 55 1,7/ 1,251 25 called for the sul a crib lion paper it name for 100, and Omarini s for 10 1 ordered it to he handed around amongst to. Renzi the Leader of an i Surrec Niini the previous year Calle l on him Hanks for the restoration of his Liberty received As a son rather than a rebel in a Long and Ailet donate conversation from his desk a copy of Rienzi s Revo proclamation and Suid that although t were wrong it contained Many Sug of which he should Avail himself. Galer rebel Leader who has been in prison is presented him a Memoir on the which were needed in the Law of and received in return a medal of this conduct showed that he Rympa a the motives and actions of the Polit ers As Well As with their sol brings. Lie iced himself at the head of the Reform 1 set himself busily at work to bring e very changes which a few months As treason to think of. My people Quot lying his hand on the new testament 3ct Justice and mercy from me for my is this t o it circulars to the governors of the requesting them to invest irate and re the temporal and religious condition of and the methods of improving them Illy with regard to the gift usion of de Iid the establishment of a military poor boys at Rome. With the sane to instituted a Board of education been first established by Leo a but id together since his time. Hoap lumber of committees partly of Eccle id a party of Learned laymen each Ith the investigation of some subject earned the Public welfare and drawing up Ling the condition of the peo in i. Among t3 were the following Reform of the organization so Reform of the criminal Joe the j com Russion on which i Havo lotto 1 in favor of trial by jury sup a vagrancy improvement of forests a construction of railroads the of the jews in Rome the Tariff Quot on 0 duties upon Salt and other articles eduction a the Sanator condition of the erection of Gas works. To pro to his Council Tho abolition of capital .8. And Tho of Tho state a hid been Long Moni polio Quot a by the to cardinals who Coni poach this coup nation goes a or at Way towards recognizing the principles of popular representation. With regard to purely ecclesiastical matters Tho Pope his protected none but moral reforms. He has exhorted the religious orders to purity Tho clergy to preaching with simplicity and forbidden the ecclesiastics of Rome to attend the theatre. One of Lis last acts is a letter to the Irish prelates admonish King them to have not hindi to do with the colleges which Tho British government proposes to establish in Irel my. The precise ground of this measure we have not time to describe. This is an outline of the principal measures already adopted by the new Pope. They give him a just claim to the sympathy and Praise of All enlightened philanthropy. dollars says Walson in his annals purchased the whole City and county of new Yoak two Hundred and Twenty years ago. 03&Quot the Penny postage sys Tevi is regarded in Groat Britain As a source of n Uch improve month Many thousands of the lower classes being induced to learn to read and write for the pleasure of Friendly correspondence. The English postmaster general has recently addressed a circular to the Post office authorities of All Tho counties of Europe urging them to co operate with England in introducing a system of Universal Penny postage. It is thought that Iho Ger Inan confederacy will be the first to adopt Tho plan of cheap postage and when this is is done other countries cannot be Long in following Why should Tho United states to last to adopt this simple arrangement for Hea Proad of knowledge Miti Good feeling a in. F. In. Total Means As estimated $42,886,545 80 expenditures Viz the actual expenditures for 1st part or ending september 30, 1847, were $16,469,194 69 tie estimated expenditures for the Public service during the other three quarters from october 1, 1847, to Juno 30, 1818, arc civil list foreign Intercourse and Nicella nexus $5,486,180 43 army proper including volunteers 19,090,8j5 58 fortifications or mince arming militia amp a 2,036,446 50 Indian department 1,720,660 26 pensions 1,003,523 6j naval establish this sum is composed of the following civil list Fureigh Intercourse and miscellaneous $5,613,061 53 army proper volunteers and military Academy fortifications ordnance arming militia amp a pensions Indian department naval establishment interest on Public debt and Treasury notes 32,007,028 42 2,015,169 90 1,604,318 84 926,401 81 10,905,.558 55 2,4 >3,402 68 $55,644,044 72 deduct Means remaining applicable to service of fiscal year ending june 30, 1849 10,370,885 73 House returns of Mexico. Under these circumstances it is extremely difficult to estimate the amount of duties which could be derived Rora this source but they ought not to fall below 500,000 per annul. The receipts from duty on imports collected by Mexico have varied from is i to twelve millions of dollars per annul and i think it ought not to be less with the ports and Interior and the roads in our Possession and rendered secure for exports and imports. Over ment interest on Public debt und Treasury notes Treasury notes outstanding and payable when presented 10,241,072 47 2,250,577 18 2o7,139 31 $58,615,660 07 excess of expenditures moans july 1, 1848 $15,720,114 27 the estimated receipts mans and i in pc i turns or Tho fiscal year comic using july 1, 1848,und ending june 30, 1849, Are from Cust Ouis from sales of Public lands from miscellaneous sources $32,000, 00 00 3,000,000 00 100,000 00 total Revenue deduct deficit july 1, 1848 3 �,100,00i 00 15,729,114 27 moans available for service of fiscal year ending june 30, 1849 $19,370,885 73 the expenditures during the sumo period As Estin Ritoda by Tho Ovenil Dii a in Monts of state Treasury War Navy and soneral Are the balance of former approx r i a t i o n s which will to required to be expended in this year porn not and indefinite appropriations $1,476,210 77 excess of expenditures Means july 1, 1849 $36,274,055,09 it will to Perc Civco that if the War is continued until Tho 1st of july next and no additional Revenue provided by Congress nor any sums received from military contributions in Mexico there would he a deficit in the Treasury on that Day of $ 15,729,114 27. For the reasons hereafter stated under the operations of the constitutional Treasury it will not be necessary hereafter to retain in the Treasury to meet the wants of the government and afford a constant Supply for All their enlarged operations to the mint and Branch mints a sum exceeding -000,000. Adding this to the deficit in tie Treasury on the 1st of july next it makes the sum of $18,729,114 27 to be supplied during that period to meet which if the expenditures authorized and estimated should take place prior to that Date a loan for that sum would be required if no additional Revenue was derived from any source whatever. It is believed however Tiit if Congress would adopt the following measures which Are Rico intended to their favourable consideration additional Revenue to the amount of $4,500,000 per annul might be realized first from a duty on Tea and Coffee of 25 per cent and Valorme $3,000,000 per an from the reduction and graduation in the Price of the Public lands $1,000,000 per annul and from the Extension of the Preemption privilege to every Bona fide settler on our a surveyed lands wherever the Indian title May be extinguished 00,000 per should these measures to ado cd by , the loan might be reduced to a sum not exceeding at the most $17,000,000. In estimating the loan at 17,000 000, allowance is made for the fact that those measures for Atli tonal Revenue could not All go into infect so As to produce the full amount during Tho time intervening by swoon the present period and the 1st of july next ult a that Date it is not doubted that they would prod if o the Fiill amount of $4,-500,000 per Annton. The president of Tho United states has however directed contributions to be levied in Mexico in every f Gnu that May to sanctioned by the Law of those contributions consist first in diminishing the estimated expenditures by obtaining As j i it citing Quot this object at a far As practicable supplies Lor the army m mex time May it not furnish not Only Ici second by duties on exports As a military j Harbor but facilities for Supply incr any ves contribution third by enter cog Tho mexican so by May be employed for repressing the duty on exports fourth by directing the Seiz a in vessels of her own for this Pur ure and apr Pri Ilion to the sup it it of Tho War a ? As she strengthens and improves her and the army of All the internal revenues of resources she will furnish a More inviting Mexico except to inst duties whether assessed habitation and resting place for the free men of by Tho general g Var Ament of , or Boylor who will be emancipated in the United any department City or town Thorn of. If the states and she May even come to exert a act sept mnbor2, 1781and the 10th of May neater degree of Miral Force Over the Conti-1800, it is the duty of this department to report of Africa to restrain the aliments of Tho to Congress Costim us of the probable amount the african mind and that will be derived Froin All sources combined a banners a Wiser and More Liberal direction. The present position of Liberia will Lessen Tho Idle jealousies which England has entertained of our relations to that country and Lead her to treat them with More Confidence and More kindness. We understand that governor Roberts to whom Lient. Commanding Bell , was Horn in Norfolk and lived afterwards in Petersburg a. He is described to us As an intelligent and Well behaved Man who exchanged Many civilities at Monrovia with our Squadron. Washington Union interesting intelligence Isom Lii Cria. Letters have been received from the Navy department by the United states Brig Dolphin which has just arrived at new York in Twenty two Days from Porto Pray a Cape de Verd islands. They announce one fact which is of some importance in relation to the movements of the Republic of Liberia the following Are extracts extracts of a letter from Lieut. Commarto ing bed to com. Seed dated u. S. Brig Boxer Porto Pray oct. 5. On my arrival at Mon Rovia on the 16th �jt., i found that the Colony of Liberia had proclaimed itself an Independent nation under the name of the Republic of Liberia. I enclose a copy of a letter which governor Roberts addressed to me to apprise me of the new dignity of his government enclosing a printed copy of the declaration of their Independence in a letter from the same same Date and port. Lieutenant commanding Bell gives Somo account of his cruises. He had overhauled an american Brig the j. W. Huntington on Tho night of the 31st of August owned in new York from Rio Janeiro with the usual assorted slave cargo on Board and lumber enough for a slave deck. He was informed also that the Malaga had precisely such a cargo except the lumber. The american Brig senator Board Ltd in March last was out from Rio with such a cargo and similarly chartered. The master of the j. W. Huntington reports that she senator now lies scuttled at Rio. Having safely landed 500 slaves at Cape Frio she proceeded into Rio under brazillian colors where her owners were suffered to strip her of All her furniture and then the government seized her As a no document Vesse a the american Crew having left her at Manango where the slaves were taken on Board. In these transactions says the lieutenant commanding Bell you perceive the Mode in which the american Flag covers and promotes a Trade which no other Flag can and the Baso uses to which it is applied by foreigners who have not manliness to vindicate the Freedom of their own. The american factory at this place is Tho principal trading establishment under the american Flag on the Southern coast there being branches of it As at amb Izetto and at Monango owned by messes. Boor Hows amp. Hunt Salem Massachusetts who Are said to be doing a fair in Gums Ivory Copper and Ebony that House sends out from six to eight vessels annually. From the same source i understand that upwards of thirty american vessels came annually freighted from Brazil by brazilians to the South coast some of them As is Well known taking a return cargo of slaves under brazilian colors their american Crews first leaving them. But the most of them arc Icli eved Leav ing the coast carrying White passengers Only. This is a shameful traffic and ought if Possi ble to be arrested. Will not the Republic of Liberia be one of the most important agents for of -42,146,465 38a a a order that no larger loan Niy to asked or effected than would be requisite after deducting the amount thus estimated. The sum to be realized from lir so military contributions will depend Over a a on future . If our armies Are withdrawn from the capital and ports of Mexico nothing would be received Fatm such contributions. If they were withdrawn from Tho capital retaining Thoj Orts no Safe transit being open fair imports into the Interior and to the Rich and Pup luus portion of the country including Tho mining Region a very so ill Revenue would to Diu ipod from this source As shown by cd Eri Encey probably not exceeding $1,-000,000 per annul. If however the ports at present occupied by our forces be retained and al the rest seized or l of faded so As to prevent Tho carrying of imports into Tho Interior through any other ports than those held by our forces if Tho roads were then opened into Tho Interior through the City of Mexico and the mining Region and Tho route of Commerce across Tho isthmus rendered secure it is my conviction that the Rover to from All these sources above specified ought not to to less so fur As Tho duties on exports and in Orts Are concerned than has i Reto Foro been collected by the government of Mexico. 1 Havo not been Able to obtain any reliable Stuto ment of the amount of duties realized in Mexico upon exports if however it were fairly collected upon All Tho exports of specie from met i Ico it would probably not amount to less than $1,000,000 per Anmann. It is not known however that so Largo a sum As realized 4,587,577 82 occur cd in Tho custom a Dania Erin Boston. In Tho supremo court of Boston or. Isaac Bacon who Somo time since broke his ankle by stepping Hajto an open place in the sidewalk recovered from the City $1787 damages. Tho damages were Given on Tho press tiption that Tho City authorities had notice of Tho opening because it had existed for some to Canada. The total Nuu ibor of immigrants to Canada has been thus far this season 98,105, against 32,753 for Tho corresponding period last season. Of this Largo number 6,393 died on Tho passage and 8,072 at the hospitals at Quebec. And 7,000 More for deaths in and about Montreal and Vou Havo Tho total lass by death at upward. Of 20,000, Tho remains of Tho lamented capt Niu Wal Kru were brought to now Orleans nov mho. 29th

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