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  • Publication Name: Bingleys Journal
  • Location: London, Middlesex
  • Pages Available: 546
  • Years Available: 1770 - 1772
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View Sample Pages : Bingleys Journal, March 30, 1771

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Bingleys Journal (Newspaper) - March 30, 1771, London, Middlesex T U I V E R S A A Z JE T J From SATURDAY torch to Apui I771 Jawing prevailed that our Coniul at m ttoded to leave diat place with the but was prevented by the I have fentyou the fol lowing extract of a letter from a was oh board that uvu during her and wKich I will not only refute fs notorious a fajfhood But prove en tertaining to the generality ot your having had very little comniuriicatidn land or flumping fmce we left Spithead in me it is not in my power you fo particular a narrative as might be expected voyage we have and parts of the world we have touched at but the few remarks I am recollecting may not be unentertaining to On the zoth of Auguft laft we took par depar ture from and made Cape Finifter the and that day faw two ihips that had the ap pearance of Spanifh men of cruizing under an eafy about two leagues but we paft each other without On the 8th of Septem ber brought to in Gibraltar but the Commo nor any other fhip being I was fent on ihore to Naval to know if any orders were left for and where was the likcheft place to find and was informed at or we therefore immediately made and off Mahon were joined by the Montreal the I5th we arrived at and were put under quarantine of fourteen days heee we fottnd die together t Danilh andTufcan the fanner being then lately retained from the learnt the of the defeat of theTarkifE Beet by that of the and of raafiacreof the poor to die Utanber of fifteen hundred by the Turks on the all I find the papers Jtitvr already been very particular The defouftion of the Turkift fleet was gready owing to awantoffea which they might nave had of other but the Grand of money did in this cafe prove the ruin of hid The ToAifh fleet were at anchor in the fcfta of a half moon when attacked but having feifce amr other than land men on were tboa fome others fUppedjiieir andran on fhore as many as The Ruffian flecfc foon after failed for Lem an Hland twentynine league of the Dardanelles thefe with we got from Prince who was brought down here by the Winch elfea cwcdofmewotmda he got in the action at the when he commanded the body of 800 Ruffians that were defeated by 2000 owing to his being deferred by 1500 whom he had armedfor his and tlietr fafcty how ever the Prince made a moft noble ana re though with the lofs of half his troops and the on whoin no faith could be put on either after the action was were all put to die fword by the Prince Dolrefky is a foldierlike looking remarkably civil and polite to the Englifh I had the honour of converfing with him as wenvcre all under Siarantine together at the near n the zoth of September the Commodore arrived and on the 2jth gave us with the Montreal under our to fail for On the toth of between the Ifland Cc rigo fa Venetian Ifle and the fpoke with a Greek boat carrying many Greeks with their effects to that from whom we that the Turks about three before had committed a maflkcre of 1400 Greeks on the On the fell in with a fmall Maltefc com manded by a Knight of with a comjniffion from Count Ortoff the Ruffian who he was going to This Captain gave us intelli gence of two French frigates that had been in at the Ifland Parros but that they were failed The evening of the fame day we caihe to anchor in the bay of a town on a very fine ifland to caJledTino for by appear ances only could we as we had no commu nication with tie fhore the next day a Ruffian privateixr came into the bay and fpdke with they had taken eight fail of venels of different with Turkifh effefts on and alfo goinc to Count Orl Here we ftaid till the and failed for Smyrna on the i8th we were failing the Ifland Scio and the main of on which are two points which form the bay called the remarkable foot where the engage ment happened between the Ruffian and and oppofite to the town of on the Scio here I to have been on Ihore to have had a nearer as the town appeared to be of great and well worth our as we could perceive with our glaffeS many magni ficent and other lofcy and fcperb but were able to make no other remarks than what a tranfient and diftant view of about two ffllJes would On the the wind being we anchored in the gulph of On the 2othhe Niger joined us wethen wcighc with the Niger and Montreal in in order to turn up the which is about twelve or thirteen leagues and the navigation being very on account of many iJlands on the ftar board and dangerous fhoals on the larboard we were obliged to anchor every the paf ages being very many not more than three quarters of a mile On the at half paf three as we were ftanding in towardsthe ftarboard at the rate of four knots and a half with not lefs than eighteen or twenty w fuddenly Ibuck on a bed of about three times the length of the hip the Montreal Immc diately let go her beft brought on boarc Us a haufer made fail to the end of their anc tame alongfidc as didalfo the we then endeavoured to heaveher oflV in till we tad ftirted the greateft part of our iad Had not been together with our upptfrdeck and nine twyrh we got out into the for both came along after being raft about thirtyleverf we happily off without any material that we cotild flitd We then got every tbiiiS and to righb ds expeditious as and made the beft of our way to On the came to anchor near Jacompor about three or four leagues below Smyttia where no commu nicationiVvas but the warit of watfcr oB iged us to The next day the Englifh came on and informed our Captain that the Englifh factory were in very critical cir as the Turkifh the defeat of their came into the town in great and put to death all they rench arid without The fac ory by fleeing to their houfes were favedby their who guarded their ot all had been tut to the Hays told us alfo that the Turks would that we were and fome of thofe fnips that had affifted ng their On the the Governors fon on b attended by a ftrong guard of to the number nf abotit with eflch a jraceof priftols and a a let of thembft iilfo impudent black guards 1 ever they are fery hardylooking of a very fwarthy and all with very long We bon them to the contrary of what they and that we were Englifh men of war we falutcd them on their going on which kleaftd them and we were then permitted o but tie watering proved the moft dif igreeable the as a Lieutenant was biiged to be conftantly with our people to prevent which was abfolutcly neceQkry at all but exceeding the Turks being fa ery infblcntas fcarcely to be borne by our ut our orders were ftrift on this and not more fo than confidcring pur A janizary attended to keep the banditti in ret on every opportunity they by his back be ng they difcovcred their natural propen iry to thieving and picking of and a re markable fondnefs for Englifh watches and which they would endeavour to or ake from before our eyes and upon the leaft fign f would clap their hands to their fcimeters n a threatening and frequently endeavour oget our yuung lads aiide for their brutifh pur pofes lull time I was on not being able 0 get jll oar cafks off before and the iani jarynoi on the one of the Turks came bemud as I was talking one of our and at empted to take my fword from drawing it ut of the fcabbard as it hung at my fide and on my wrefting it from he drew his fcimeterwith menacing but returned it into the rabbard on his feeing a young Thus were we byourfitua to put up with many being fur rounded with and in a country where the inhabitants though not open enemies feemed not much difpofed to be very friendly with ufpecting in fome our having affifted the Ruf We were therefore very happy when we lad completed our and no farther bufinefs The only agreeable day we had at this place was the i6th of when the Englifh and Venetian Confuls came on board with fome who I believe were alfo Venetians by their which appeared very though fomewhat and in the right eaftern fafhion their lair was long and braided in hanging down their and interwoven with a variety of fine fathers and and with ftones of different very little covering on their with a acket buttoned and under inftead of a thin pretty whichwas the only other covering one would have wifhed to have they vfoienn inconvenient pair of long trowfers or they call fo low as to hew nothing of their legs above the and with a long loofe gown over all omc of the ladles were exceeding they dined and Teemed very much pkafed moft of them fpoke French as well as other languages expreffed a great inclination to but unfortunately we had no ftiufick on board thus happily ended our ftay at this which was twentynine during which time none of us ever ventured to the town of or indeed very litde farther than the therefore can only fpeak of the part of the country we were by the litde we feemed exceeding and producing grapes and other fruits the moft delicious 1 ever bat the only real fatisfaftion which the voyage has afforded me that I have now fome knowledge of the navigation in the Archipe lago being in I can now fay I have been the four quarters of the March ExtraSs from the Speech of Alderman Townfend in tie Houfe of in defence of tie Lore Ihave liftened with the utmoft attention to the who on thisoccafioii contended for the omnipotence of the Honfe but I cannot fay their arguments have wrought my Hac weighty arguments been applied to them I Violently fufpeft that they would have been fill order to jirftrfy the erafure of cord entered in the Lord they have produced ihftances in which the houfe has ftoppet thecourtof But is thfe a rational apology the houfe has acted formerly in an and dfifpotic arewe to copy their example fo fet up the ftandartfof tyranny Precedents can never be a fufficient farictiori to what is in the nature of Aings illtegai aTid No of fenic ever quotes the but as cipcamftances exculpatory or corroborative o what heuas preyioufly ftieWed to be contrsfly orcon fbrmatlto wpnld the viol Were not this what ne of our deareft rights I Precedents for IJOti of all our liberties may be found in and the journals are jnd that you at alow for whatever fide of tfte on you They may be twlfted and twitteti lite a name of fer was long the im of tne Roman conunpfiwealth and that it werfe more attended to in this Unfortunately for this country too many of us are aibre aflffluous to pleafe female capricethan to fy their conftituents Inftead ot endeavotiririg to 11 of the publicrishey to deferve fc her oxnaant who crncd this vcrdl Menbcrt cried out if I nfuft name Pridcefs Dowager of to but be pra n a humpnr to retraft or eaj amy I to the miniftcrial cdurdy enough to fay and unfay fame thing n a Were I fuch a crouching I n not fhould plead the baufe of liberty wjtha very bad I do that for thcfc ten years we lave been governed by one and that tee wo man the Prineefs Dowager of If you doubt what I appoint a committee for enauiriiis nto her and I dare that you willfind to be a If you do not puniJh great the peo it to be wifi take the execution of he lawimto their own Such a you vould Had more in more ufe tlian to as you of he law and The city Magubates will c all over the and juftly confi to liberty and they may faifea only terminate in your The Sovereign formerly claimed the power of ufpcndiag the and of iffoin prodamations and to Manila The people You now claim the fame is not the only deferice diat may be offer tdi Tne warrant is fubverfive of general and fundamental laws of the reajm j laws which fefote the Honfe of Cormnaocs jvas known Th4 Seat Charter that fife bat by the or ty tbelawoftbe as Jlainedby the ftatute of the Edward the I h A 1 rit f J f thefe kvvs M the legiflature power fofpending the and of paffing uramouiit votes in authority to the moft ia rcd conftirutions of die foufivafifow up every thing in the gulpK of your How era you imagine the people hould not refill They refifted on the fame princi les at Ae reigrt of Charles the fecondj they re jfted the fame principle in the of Qjicen and lawful people of tbi fame crimes is or ly mafs by ku at the COKVKH The femelanguage is i8 HowcasSe you by the rity of iuperfedbj three branches overturning the alTunjefuch H They in cafes of grgat and fuiperided the Habeas iut was if ever Keard whe upon the arid a Houfe of Jommons arrogatejd to themfelves fuch a power In the pTefent cafe you claipj a perpctual of fufpending the law jle never much heir caufe you can im according to Lord is never ro be takesi ei cept the crime requires a fxrirt and much concerns the In n6 other but in that of iii the houfe have you the right of commuting who are reaforf You carinpt admmiilcr an oath a who denies or can never be legally cenlttred ofptmiflied wfdicut afli accufariorf The fecond ingfedient in a lawful warrant is in yours totally You Have no feaj to ufe i i clear proof that the cdnfhtutioii did hot the power of ifluing han to If either of you yoiif relves you are to order the eroper officer tor of authority to be to tfie fame1 regulation Howeytr aid awful you may reckon the law ought to be Itffl more reat ana Thethifd requiflte in a little The why you Would com mit becaife your fpeecnls s this of the tyrannical that dared to be aspn ire no fuch I hope no worfe cbnfequcnceswill fs attend your prefent That you dread as the greateft of is fervent y prayed for by every honeft by every friend to England it is a ccnfiaafiiatun de to be loijbed for Alderman in defence of the Ldrd in tbe Houfe of BEFORE you come to tht detenriinatiori of arraigning fuch a high magiftrate as the Lord I think it would not be amifs to enquire into the ftate ofthe and fee whether he has reaUy been guilty of an You fay that he lias violated your But has he violated the law of the which is the ftandard of a ma iftrates conduct I defy you to prove fuch an af He has ftriftly adhered to the of the and the fpjrit of the I do not therefore rife fo much to defend him and his bro ther as to return them my fincere ac knowledgements for their yiprightnefs and Had I been in their truft I have had the virtue to aft with equal En tertaining thefe how can I help exclaim ing againft the propofed motion The magiftrates of the city have walked on legal and constitutional do yoti follow their If you have already do not aggravate your guilt by a frefh It is your was ille gal another illegal aci will not mend the You and look that I fhould call your warrant But I have faid which I ajn aot ready to Nor fhall I ufe my own That what I affirm may have the more I will ufe the words of Lord Four things fays that oracles of the law are aflen fially neceflary in a He wh6 iflues it in any particular rfiuft have lawful authority it muft be under his hand and feal there muft DC a lawful caufe of commitment and it muft have a lawful conclufioii that the warrant de executing all forts of rite an3 war fhall be in the The and in if it be ftill pliclt as pafTed at time when die govern ment was for the purpofe of fecjirihg Llook upon it as a conickutjoh as bje as Magna Charta Indeed it is the pectdia Magna Charta of the and ought to be hcld then of the legality of yimr warrant In the city it is not only contrary fa immemorial which Js comoiQD lzwt alfo all the charters of the city aild fo the ic ftveffible ftjtute of Wiiiiam and Thus then the warrant is illegal in this particular caic be Caufe it infringes the rights of the This though a fufficient jujiiiicatioh of the toed Mayers v chap by or whichJW to grant to the wfiole and that you can impnfoiij But is this your inten ion on the prefsnrpccaflon of you will pre cnd to advance fdch an abfurdirK That courfe not members of your In confequencs of a meflage fent by the Firft to his Houfe o tJjey gave uji thrs claim except where mean to you have no authority to mprifon becaafc your imprjfpriincnts are in t and ne s a legal caufe commitment Do you ima that your conftituents have up rigfit to know 5ow you execute yonr how yolk charge the truft repofed you Elain that your fpeeches been i Are they lefs elegant OB fententious cannot uninformed enough to entertain fuch a notiori But tjbey afcribe to you which you I cannot think I have Jieafd roaiiy of your ha and I wdll atfgutaihted vitli the embraced Members yet I cannot fee any injury done in the ob clare that the culprit is to be iafely till he be difchargcd by due couvfeof Now are all thefe ingredients to be found in the which was rjrought before the Lord Mayor not by what law is the Speaker of the Houfe o1 Commons authorized to apprehend any delinquent in the city of London No law for that purpofe But there is a law for the The city ha from time immemorial enjoyed the rights of executing and returning all and by its prefsWarrantS is valid widiin the city except it is backed by the Lord the parti cular that exempts warraht of the Speaker of the Houfe of Commoriafrom this rule I defy you vtp point it But prcfcription which in this cafe would is not for the It has alfo pofirive aib f the whole JegifTa ture in Mojna Charta Let Loridott pofTefs all its ancient franchifes afad charter the who the confent of In declares j fummonSi attackmentsT or but fy nfhlifters of die faid The charter feiae i ifl renews that tit o j j tliV noxious Your political creed is pretfy faithfully vThei oiihy iijufx dontf you that your conceptions are belter and better At any a particular Member thinks that he is of jen dcred his te an action at Law A jury xviij give liyn ample thowgh your warrant aneafepti jhable in cpnclufioa would have made it abfolutdy illegal and For it does not orderflic prifoner to be fafely kept till he dnfchafged but till it Ho ufe to difinife What cai be mbre of Oar coafti tharf fuch an Ajch power It is equally hands of jf fmall bodf ofmcnj in a It is in vain that we have refcued arnjof the we aretq to the dntretion of the mv mi one tyrant is preferabje to five my Day tspublit6ed to tne Riijbt Lord Jo H AN EXAMINATlON of the DECLARATION and AGREEMENT wiK COURT of relating TO jhfe RtfftrtntFon of fALfiLANDs o the CATEjof t Vipo Tmmane fitcubiro funr Integra ITmft Printed aprf f0Jd Shbjjts i ;