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Biddeford Union And Eastern Journal Newspaper Archives Oct 27 1854, Page 3

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Biddeford Union and Eastern Journal (Newspaper) - October 27, 1854, Biddeford, MaineFunion and son real Fra y More pkg oct. 27, 54. Saco River Railroad. Without doubt some of oar readers will a Laim upon opening our paper and noticing or. And North a report of it Urvey of a put of the route met which it has been thought by some that Itai Road would be built in the dim future. 11 what Monsieur to whoa come gain and will turn away from the report with tins exclamation that the editor is " still harping upon my dough now we confess the Corn. A own up the editor of the Union is satisfied that the interest of our place and of the country along the route demand the building of the Road in question lie Hai Boen told in a certain pamphlet published under the direction of very " Judkins men " that the Road would be a paying that it would Giuily Advance the value of the property along the contemplated route and so Long its he is not entirely overcome by despair he Tuut talk now Aud then about the building of ibis Road and especially air. Cases like the present when the information he is the Means of conveying costs the hoax nudity As a whole nothing and a Given in the spirit of it generous kindness to the Public by the a Guineer who made the Survey. We cannot direst ourselves of l lie idea Chat the Saco hirer Itu Hoad will be built although it is frequently mortifying to talk Long and often without any seeming results. The idea that the Saco hirer Itai Road should be built has seized Strong hold of As and we cannot unless dispossessed of the thought refrain from speaking of the enter prise on suitable occasions. We confess to Somo mortification in not seeing some More Gratifying results and to a disinclination to protract discussion of the advantages of the Enterprise when discussion seems so unavailing. Our desire for the commence intent of this project is however Strong enough to overcome these discouraging circumstances and leads us to obtain such information As May be of value when those to whom is confided the management of the enter prize shall think it advisable to make an Effort to commence. It would be we conceive altogether a work of super rotation to speak of the Gen eral advantages which our place and the Community generally along the route would derive from the building of this Road and to refrain from further remark simply saying that or. Wadsworth s plans and papers May be examined at our office. They arc executed with great minuteness and with a skill and accuracy which reflect great credit on pm As an Engineer. In a letter received from my written pre Vious to his ring to Georgia where i e is employed As an Engineer on a Railroad he his indebtedness to the follow ing Joung men and lads of Hiram Viz s. Is c. Ii. Barker Edward & j. Dow c. K. A j. W. Hubbard and we. B. Mackie Tor assistance in prosecuting the Survay. It May not be improper to remark that Tho Surrey made under the direction of the com Mittee was through Baldwin on Tho cast Side of the River leaving Cornish some distance from the Lino of the Road. This route by 1 Cornish would command the business of the 1 Ossipee Valley and it would seem to to the most advantageous one in All Points a View. I the firemen s display. The Fountain engine company of Lynn which came Here on thursday of hut week and were the guests of Tho Niagara s of Saco during their visit was in exceeding Good looking company. Their uniform was showy and they were Well drilled and when on Tho Anarch to the music of the excellent band which accompanied them presented n Fine appearance. The Niagara exerted them selves to their utmost to Render of Cir visit agreeable and pleasant showing them our town and providing them with an exc Colont dinner at Tho Saco House and giving them a complimentary Ball in the evening. We were present by invitation to Tho dinner which was creditable to the Nugura com Pany and the landlord of Tho too Alouso. Tho App Anouce of the companies in their handsome uniform and their discipline gave great satisfaction but we regret to say that some things occur Rcd at the dinner table which were highly objectionable and which we Trust will never be repeated. To arc prompted to speak of them Only from a sense of duty to the Community and self respect having been present when they occurred after complimentary speeches had passed Between the chief officers of the respective companies an individual who was present there in tilt position of in invited guest on being culled on in ado a speech which though professedly Friendly to the Maine Law and morality did in fact pour contempt upon the in and scorned designed to Convoy false impressions by insinuations and to nun do with respect to the Tomp Francc principles and moral position of the Niagara company and its officers and this was followed by i rental us a number of Moat obscene anecdotes which led the Way fur others to relate anecdote of a very exception Able character. The Niagara company to Are quite sure and to must infer this from its praiseworthy conduct on All previous Occas ions could not but have Felt themselves insulted by the speech re erred to Anil not highly Complita cited by the recital of indecent anecdotes and most of its Mem Bers been pained to see a festive occasion in which All generous and Manly feelings should be allowed Sto flow turned to so poor account. To see that our neighbor of the Deo Socrat Bas noticed these objectionable features of Tho occasion with Somo severity of remark. We concur with him in Tho general just Ness of Bis strictures and would place the responsibility of Ooma Oteng what the Democrat justly characterises As 11 degrading entertainment upon its real author Tho individual whose insulting speech and obscene stories led the Way to what the individual is not a member of the Niagara company and All the antecedents of the bombers and officers of tic company Lead us j to conclude that they listened Uoder a mis taken idea that it was better a do so pm to Mest it with Stern reprobation upon the spot even at the expense of marring the hilarity of the of cession. I lad we been a member of the company Inead of being present As an invited guest if should Hare availed ourself of membership to repel the slanderous intimations and let it be under stood that course and grovelling remark was out of place on All occasions. It gives us �0 pleasure to speak of these things and per ape Hod not the matter been referred to by the Democrat should have passed Over them in silence. We could out by our silence leave it to be understood that the de Tor of that paper had no foundation for Bis censure when it is known that we were present with him at the dinner table and seen the things which he condemns. Such a course would have neither been just to him or ourself. We would be just to All we know that the Niagara company is composed of men who arc sincerely attached to temper Ance pm this fact attested As it Lias been by the uniform course of the company com Pels us to believe hat if there was any seem ing indifference to unjust insinuations or apparent satisfaction evinced at the relation of vulgar stories it should be attributed to thoughtlessness and to the disposition to avoid All unpleasant disc sinn at the time rather than to pamper a miserable and perverted taste. Attack Apon the know nothings the Democrat of this work contains a Long and bitter attack upon Tho " know nothing probably called out in Conse quent or Tho defeats which Tho Edmini Itron tin party have sustained in the recent fall elections. We have neither time to prepare or space for any extended comment upon the Democrat s article. I however occurs to us that not a very valuable article on the subject could be written by oven Tho most Able writer without Moro knowl Cego than one out of the order is presumed to posess. It is very easy to assume that Tho Creed of the know nothings u very bad " against the uniform practice of our government from Tho declaration of Independence to the present time but if the writer has a bet Tor authority for the statement than his own Assumption or Tho hearsay of others it will hardly pay to follow an argument based upon so slender a foundation. Thero is j however one matter referred to by the Democrat which is deserving of Brief Atten a Tion. The Democrat attributes Tho dior j Lierly proceedings which have occurred some times on election Days and at other times to the " know Here too the Democrat has no warrant Lor such accusations on the contrary if the results of their action Aro taken the know nothings have no sympathy with lawlessness or it manifestations. We can judge them Only by their action and thus far we have not seen their influence or their votes Given to men who have any sympathy with Rowdy ism or who would countenance riotous con duct. The Democrat has no authority for making i pm responsible Tor the Ellsworth outrage or for any improper proceedings which univ Hare occurred in Tho sown " nil joining " the one in which the Democrat is published. It is apparent to our mind that these proceedings which the Democrat very properly condemns would be As heartily Dis countenanced by the know nothings As by Tho editor of the Democrat himself. So far As we Are Able to judge the principles of the order relate to the correction of cer Tain abuses which exist in the country evils which they think strike at Tho foundation pillars upon which Are based our civil and religious liberties and we do not understand that they aim to attain their objects by any course of action inconsistent with either the letter or spirit of our constitute Are under no obligations to defend the order we know nothing of its Creed officially but we Aro satisfied from its manifestations that Tho members of Tho or Der Ghoul i no More be held to Ponsillo for Sny " disgraceful proceedings than Tho Mem Bersol the Pierce party themselves. In deed it would not be difficult to show that Tho old democratic party itself by its Dis gusting appeals to foreigners for party Pur poses More than any thing else had Contri buted to Tho Riso and support of prejudices and Folinga in Tho minds of both foreigners and natives which Are to be deplored. But this subject is a most difficult Ono to write upon. The Sec Rosy which surrounds the Creed of Tho know nothings and their conduct is such us to take from an outsider the ability to write vory understandingly and to leave the matter. Roaro Content with their action As yet and shall be so Long As Given in be direction of Good als Tempo Ranee and sound political Princi Ples. When it goes in a contrary direction it will he time to complain but when it docs nothing worse than to break up and destroy a party which has been and is Lep Rous and loathsome with corruption and false and cowardly to the great principles of Republican Liberty honest men instead of finding fault will rejoice. Bov Musiro. Sylvester Floyd a Young lad of about twelve years loft Hia Home on tuesday afternoon to Tell Candy and has not Yel returned lie was lost seen near the oot erod Bridge. He waa dressed in a Black jacket dark pantaloons with a Cap. Ilia hair is red dark eyes and fact frock cd of. Any information Coo coming Hin would to thankfully received at Tho residence of his Mother on Cutta St., or it May to left at this of fico. Penmanship. Or. Oil Alrick s writing Academy in Tho Central Block is open at All reasonable hours. Or. G. Is a finished Penman and his pupils always show Good improvement in the Chir graphic Art his next school Oommen Ca this evening. A number of the citizens of Bangor have presented to or. Bapst the roman Catholic Clergyman who was recently mobbed at Ellsworth a Gold watch and Chain of the value of 4150, As an evidence of their Good opinion of him and to replace the one stolen from him at Ella Worth. Located. John r. Fun ii who we fur a considerable period the editor of to Eastern journal before it passed into our hand Bue become connected by Par crate with a newspaper establishment in the state of Ohio. The paper which is called the Telegraph is published at paints Nlle Lake county and its editorial manage ment is confided to or. French. Or. F. Has tact and ability As a writer and will make i his Mark wherever he is located. Ilia friends Here and elsewhere in the state will be glad to hear of his Prosperity and will Unito i with us in Tho Hope that he May re Alixe in Good time All the advantages which abound follow a conscientious and untiring Dis charge of the duties of editorial life. We Hare received one number of the paper the first issued under his supervision and Wero pleased to find Tho Marks of or. French s ready pen plentifully scattered throughout the shot. It advocates All of those great reforms which Mark the age and which pro Mote the common brotherhood of our Raco. We have placed to Telegraph on our sex a Binge list and to shall look with Friendly interest to it hereafter for news from the Rutkey Stuto. �7� we copy from lha Lowell courier of the 13iti inst., the following notice of an improvement in Wellman s card stripper which promises the beat results. Our paper contained Soine months since a notice of or. Wellman s invention. Wal leak i Cajio St Ipi eur. In pass ing through the Merrimack Mills the other Day to noticed that there Weie some More of those Large self top stripping cards4 feet cylinders being put in operation by or. Well Mun. Several important improve ments Ami modifications have been made in these cards which the inventor has Laken measures to secure by letters Patent in addition to this former Patent. These improvements or. W. U now applying to several of Tho old cards of 3 feet c Linsler and 14 tops which Are now in use. In building new cards he recommends to make the Cylinder four or five feet in diameter and have from 28 to 35 tops. In a few weeks As soon As or. W. Has put u few of the old cards in of caution he will take a earties to introduce his improve ments to manufacturers generally us they will be of great importance to them and can be easily applied to All the Cotton cards now in use. Much credit is due or. Wellman for Tho perseverance he has shown in rank ing these improvements As they reduce his invention Down to its simplest form and while the positive nets of its operation is not changed the expense in comparison with Tho original design will be reduced More than one half. Accidents. A labourer by Tho Namo of Sullivan in Tho employ of the Pepperell company and engaged upon Tho now Mill left on monday Forenoon from a staging and received such or jury us to Causo his death in a few hours. Not Ibex. A child daughter of a or. Rand who lives on Franklin St., was so badly burned by her clothes taking Firo from a lamp filled with burning fluid in saturday evening last so a to cause her death. She was twelve or fourteen years of ago. Tho Layup was Given her to Light her to bed and it is supposed that her clothing took fire from Tho accidental overturning of Tho lamp. New Fine in Cine Tho town of Saco j Bau purchased Beautiful Sunneman tub for the new company of Firemon recently organize in that town Trio company is called the Delugo. I grander Bryant second Foreman of the company gave us an Opportunity to look at Tho engine a few Days Sinco. If the company is As substantial As Tho engine it will not want Coffi Concy. Godly s lady s Book. Godey s lady s Book or november comes to us filled As 1 usual with interesting and instructive read ing Beautiful fashion platen patterns for cloaks bonnets embroideries hints for housekeepers receipts and in Short eve. Ery thing that can possibly interest a lady. The Fust engraving entitled peace do serves particular attention. wac Tiger. We Are glad to perceive that our Friend Perkins of Saco is so Well prepared to furnish his customers with win Ter goods. His Stock of ladies furs in particular at this time is quite Large and we should think Well selected. Hon. John m. Clayton of Deleware in n letter of recent dote defines his Posi Tion with regard to know nothing us he is not so Ultra As Many suppose but closes his letter by saying i do not undertake to ener into Tho sub Weot How fur foreigners who Are naturalized in this country should be Enni Ted to hold office. You will find thut you can Lay Down no gone us Rule upon Tho subject to which there will not necessarily be exceptions. It is sufi Orient for Ziy purpose standing As i do without the Power to Confer offices upon others to say that in Rny judgement a native american citizen under equal Circum stances of Quidit options and Merit is better entitled to the honors and offices of Tho country than a foreigner whether naturalized or not in urging the importance of a treaty with King Laud providing for the return of fugitive slaves who escape to Canada the St. Louis intelligencer says " the South has sustained loss enough by the stealing of slaves to make this a matter for the interference of the govern ment of the United Stales. No time for such interference could be More appropriate than the present. England cannot Aivord to break with us now and will hardly there fore refuse our reasonable demand. If she should ii he is As Coon a ground for War As any that has come a for by All moans let us have another War for slavery we have a full Treasury and a courageous people. Why should not both be employed to compel John Bull to turn slave Catcher for Uncle Sam Albany evening journal. Brazen admission. The famous who represents the Columbus Ohio District in Congress in a recent address to his democratic constituents informed them that he had Learned All the Ras valites to be Learned at Washington and therefore ii 1 would be a pity to spoil another the boast is probably Correct enough Bat a Man who has been taught All the Rascal ites which Are practice at Washington is i a More proper candidate for the penitential 3 than Lor any station to which he could be acted by the people. 8ac0 River Railroad. Report on Sirvrt prom is esp palls to Hiram Bridge upon the West Side of the Savu River. To Masiu. To Aux & committee 6cc. Oem Tummy i accordance with the wishes expressed by Many and for my own satisfaction 1 Bare revised a portion of the Surrey of lbs Saco hirer Railroad it being a curly the tame a that embraced in Ine limits of the " 4tb division of or. Hall s Turvey nud re Oisin ended by him to be made. And submit to you As a previous com Putter to procure surveys dcc., my report on the Suine. I commenced on or. Halt s Surrey at Slat ton 1910 ii Miles above Hiram Bridge near or. John hut Knell s and joined with said Surrey again at station 1410, near or. Gould a 2 Miles above Steep Falls a pig Kvut Tuu of Tho Riter and running within i of a Milt of Cor nuke Stu tag. M the distance Between the a love Points by this line is 10 6-10 mile being nearly 1 mile longer than the line upon the Kat or. Baldwin Side of the River. Description. Starting upon the Plains or table lands near or Bucknell a my line takes the slope of the Hill passes just below the " red Mill and comes up on tie Fryeburg Road nearly opposite the Home of Asa Burbank. From this Point it follows Ilonis the Kast tide of the Road to Tho Bridge where it is close upon the Hank of the River. Them might be objections Mode to giving up part of the Street for railway but there is a Width of from 4 to s rods to the River uni i lit the Grade upon the surface us it must be there seems to be ample room for Tho track without much in convince. From Hiram Bridge the line be is More Westerly coining upon the River again a Little above " poster Hill of called. Leaving said Hill upon the Eust and crossing to head of 1. So ii. Wandsworth s Meadow it runs nearly Par. He to and a Little above the Highway to the Meadow Brook crossing from thence to the head of great fulls it follows closely a on the Bauk of the River. It will be necessary to change the Carriage Road it several Points within this last Dis Tance hut these changes will be made with but Little extra expense As they occur where there would be " waste " in the excavation and i Here will Only need to build the Road out wider into the Edge of the Meadow straightening the same and improving it for a Public Way. There will be required crossing the Meadow As above some 43 to 50 rods of piling upon which the truck May to Laid leaving the embankment to to brought Forward alter the Roud is in opera Tion. The near position of the line will Render it necessary to relinquish As a Highway a part of the Road Between the Meadow Brook and head of the Falls and will Send the travel Over the Hill by the old this part of the Road May Well be Given up is a town Road As it is us sex pc sire piece of Road to be kept in repair. Here will Ike an excellent " borrowing pit to i worked with cars. Trio bunk is ult out 50 feet High the material is of first Quality for ballast and the position most convenient for working. The truck May be Laid temporarily nearly in the present Road and us Fust As the excavation goes on at the tide it May be moved in till the Supply is furnished or Tojo track has found a Safo and permanent Roud cd. At the head of the Falls the line takes up the present Road fur several rods Runn ing close under the Point of the Mountain projecting at this place. Here we shall encounter some Rock excavation mid Ull that will be found throughout this part of i he line. It will i for some 25 rods and 9000 cubic Yards Are All that it will in necessary to re move. The Highway May be thrown a Little to the East putting round the Rock of together which will be an improvement upon the present Road saving an to pc Valious of 25 Icet. Getting by the fulls was considered the most difficult part of the route upon this Side of the River but really no great obstacles exist for to have u level rude and the amount of excavation required including 3000 of Rock will Only be 7000 cubic yanks. From the head of the Falls the line runs along under the slope of the Mountain crowing Cortini Road again some 20 rods below the House of b Good win. Thence a Ion the brow of the Hill for 1 Miles coming upon the Road again a Lac whales this part of the line shows the roughest profile crossing Over several ridges and deep Ravine but with a gradient of 10 feet the mile it is easily accomplished and without a great at count of la or. From whale the line follows near the High Way to John a. Warrens parsing below his building. Thence to the 0sipce River crossing about 50 rods above its Junction with the Sac ind about the mine distance below the old " al Len Mill this i very Good Point for bridging and the River May be spanned by a Bridge of 130 feet the Grade being level and some thirty feet above the water. From the of since we have for one mile anti ending Grade of 23 feet the utile. This brings us Upen the level of the Plains j of a mile East of Cornish Village and to the " Fork of the Road leading to Limington and Baldwin. This Point will make a very convenient station for Cor Nuh Village and the towns above on the of Sipic ind it wiil be u very favourable connection with a line running through the Supee River Valley. I Ince the line follows along near the Highway n front of Jewell s tavern to Hopkinson s Brook where making a Detour to the East it routes upon the brow of the River Bauk. Bet Ween this last Poi Taud the of Sipic crossing a Shorter Lue by one Furlong May be found by following lie brow of the River tank. The Summit of 20 feel would avoided and tie Rise More gradual but the line would be Mora or less curved ind i judge the expense would be much increased is there would be a High embankment and some considerable cutting. This line would remove i i mile Tarthur from Corni a Village and does lot afford to Good ground for a station or of Good i connection with the of Sipic Valley. However it should be examined instrumentally before a definite location is made. Us 9 i Ruuk inc guv huh us a 1 Suiyin of the Bank for 1j to Niles to " Watson s Drook or u Lac Mora commonly known a whales Back where there is a Brood and Loep Ravine requiring Sofhie 23,000 cd. Yes. Of pm anime no. This is quite the Moat favourable Cius i ing that can be made and an haul of null rial for the embankment will not be Over Coo r 700 feet. Here would Nali rally be two bldg required but tiie Brook May be easily turned iad brought Between the abutments of Tho fridge making a Span of some 25 or do feet. From Thia Point the line curve sharply to the Tom some 60o, following the Bank of the River heu reversing to the Hast follows round upon the 4ojie of the Hill and makes an intersection with if. Hall s line about opposite the foot of Gould s Aland i by the route above described the distance Bewen Hiram Bridge and sleep fulls a increased 1 Oile but we have to compensate air this addition 11 length even if the coat of building were note. A i shall hereafter prove the following and ant Agea. I lat. Tea saving of two Bridges across the Saro 1 Ivor and for which or. Hall a estimate waa Over 82,000. A the gradients Are 33 or. It. Easier. 3d. A station convenient to Coral Seville and he town above of the Ossipee and a Avora Lii connect too with a railway through the Ossipee liver Yauvey. A Good position of the great Falls which re destined no doubt to Coo Tributa largely 10 the by Ioe of your Road when it Hull to Oon plated. A station Here will aces Deodate West Baldwin which will be not or from 1 i or 2 Miles Distant. Llis to Fame i Iron Bridge to too pm crowing the line a very direct being nearly due South and Don not vary 00 Ruda at any Point fron a straight line. The line runs through the town of Cornish for the distance of 2 Lulea and As to the coat of build Iii to will be by for theanor than boy other por Tion of equal length. Aat Doimo. Then will be but one Blidge of any account on Thea portion of the route Bat of Tsa Ota pee River. 1 have allowed it at 19 feet Span but 133 feet might answer equally a " Ood a pure Mac. Tie viaduct at whales by spanning both the Brook and Road 2 Smail Boges Over Brooks and 1 Rood Bridge in All 23." get Are All the bridging required in this distal 4 of 10 0-10 Onilea. The " ," with but one exception Are All in ado " at grades which is certainly the cheapest if tit the most Safe manner of crowing the Public ways. Cab vat Kkt. The inst or the curve on this part of the route will be of the Radii 1010 and 2863 get about the same m Wui imported of the other Side of the River. J f 3 b o o o 4 it 4 in my 3 2 8� s i 1 i j i it. U tic pro i Ere ice n in i Vur Misc " Cornish route quid Tiu average gradients Are a 29j to la or Alt oui 3 to 2. Tic Cornish route avoids Flint is equivalent to the Summit of 42 Lect comparing with the other which is More than the Grade of anyone utile upon the line. Ultima tax of cot. In making up the estimate of costs Iny object has wet to arrive at u fair comparison Between the two route and i have adopted the Price fixed in the previous estimate with hut few exception. These i consider As Safe and Hope to see some of them reduced in the execution of the work. The excavation is estimated of a uniform base of 24 feet and the embankment 18 feet at sub Grade. These Are broader bases than were used in estimating the quantities upon the other line and it would be Safe to reduce the amount of Earth work 5 per cent giving us equally at Good a Road bed is also in consideration of r fair com Parison. Tic average coat per Nile of the " i Auldwin route it will Imp keen by the above Tuble if More than that Given by or. Hill Ami for thin reason via both bulge Over the Soto liver Art As two Road Bridge and a " heavy " embankment. The above portion of the line from Gould s to Rui Knoll s in the Moat it pensive 9 1-2 Miles of the whole route As will to seen by ref Crug to the Engineer s report. The comparison shows largely in favor of the " Cornish route or West Side of the River re dancing the amount 132,500, Ortha per mile Cost More than 20 per cent the was More than was anticipated at first but i am confident from my knowledge of the location of the two lines that More minute sex limitation will corroborate the above statement. No account was made for " Clearing " grub Liing or " ballast on Trio 4th division in or. Hull s estimate and i have omitted the same it Eifels. With regard to ballast i will say that suitable material will to found convenient upon the line and for some Orosi durable distance there will be no need of Icoria a to a tube crud. As to the Clearing necessary to be done Irro will be shout 30 acres allowing the Road to be 4 rods in Width which is less than would lie required on the other Side of the River. In making Choice for location Between the liboro mutes tie increase distance of one mile to would have no consideration even if the coat per Nile were to name for the eligible convex on " with the of slice River Valley i in my in estimation up amount. The town of Porer Parsonsfield Elf Langham Freedom and Tobera n the Valley Are not surpassed either in Popula Ion or productive by any town upon the Iper Saco and their should not overlooked in reckoning for the i Mimuss of four Rood. Tie result of who Survey then considered in lie Light of economical count Ructin and the before be Mic probability of its being Early Corn men of and Early completed Arv Moat flattering ind no doubt that re Urvey of Otter Poliona o i to Quito would Promise corresponding reduction Kim the original estimate for it a impossible to Buom to by Gro mud for Lite location of a Road o a preliminary Survey. A profile a also submitted together with a map showing the actual position of the line with to River and roads in connexion. They will a Ciliate in nuking no a just comparison of to ton Tea. Respectfully Geo. Wads Worth a Samosa. Ilia 12th, 6th mo., ism. 1 of or. Neher Aiah Perkins of to afield j recent la gathered from a single Apple tree i upon Bis farm one Hwd Rotl Basket of applet tub nuke us Bill or Sopt Iima Oai oin. ? it is hat often been said by the slave e resets and men both sides of Mason k i ton s line that the Nebraska iniquity was a Northern measure that it originated in the free states and was tendered to the slave state by Northern men and that therefore they Are not to blame for accept aug a Boon that was thus pressed upon them but the revelation of senator Aio Hinson shows that it originated with this slave holding senator and was forced upon Doug Las by Liim rather than to have Atohi of the father of it and Thui Serhis presidential aspirations fade away. The following extracts which we take from the new York Tribune will explain the origin of this Bill f lieu. David i. Atcherson a Oulu we senator from Missouri and president of the Senate is the Leader of the slavery prop Gandi in that body. He originally opposed the organization of Nebraska including Kansas on the sole and avowed ground that the Missouri Compromise excluded slavery therefrom and he was unwilling to Havo that Region opened to settlement until that restriction could be repealed but this Posi Tion be waived during the session of 1852 53, because he was satisfied that the restriction we a fixed fact and could not be broken Down. Nevertheless the Bill failed at that session but was renewed lost Winter with a sheer in favor of slavery which event Ulaj developed itself into a full blown restriction in which shape it was enacted. Gen. Atchison resides on the Western Border of Missouri and wants to be re elected by the newly chosen Legisla Iuro if possible. Of course he is a Good Deal " around and was in attendance at a Sale of Lota on the 20ih at Atchison City on the Kansas tide of the Missouri River a few Miles above Weston. Finding a Large number of missourians in attendance Gen. A. Improved the occasion by making them a speech whereof the Parkville luminary of the 26th reports the substance As follow " Gen. Atchison mounted an old Wagon and Mado a speech. To commenced by alluding to the Beautiful country which was now beginning to be settled to some of the circumstances under which Territo rial government was organized and in the course of his remarks mentioned How Douglas came to introduce the Nebraska Bill with the repeal clause in it. Senator a. Said for himself he is entirely devoted to the interests of the South and that he would sacrifice everything but his Hope of heaven to Advance her thought the Missouri Compromise ought to to repealed he had pledged himself in his Public a. Dresses to Vole for no other territorial organization that would not annul it and with this feeling in his heart he desired to be chairman of the Senate committee on territories when a Bill was to be introduced with this object in View he had a private interview i h or. Donglas and informed him of what he desired the introduction of a Bill for Nebraska like what he had prom ised to vote for and that he would like to be chairman of Tho committee on Territo Ries in order to introduce such a measure and if he could get that position he would immediately resign As speaker of the sen ate. Judge Douglas required Twenty four hour to consider the matter and said if at the expiration of that Lime to could not introduce such a Bill As he or. Atchison proposed which would at the same Lime Accord with his own sense of right and jus tree to Tho South he would resign As chairman of Tho territorial committee in democratic caucus and exert his influence to get him Atchison appointed. At the expiration of Tho Given time senator Doug Las signified his intention to report such a Bill As has been foreign news. Our paper last week contained a very interesting summary of telegraphic news concerning the Progress of the War Between he Allied forces by which our readers were Given to understand that there hid been severe fighting in Crimea and that Sebas Topol had been taken a Largo number of russian ships destroyed and some 18000 russians killed and a still larger number Ken prisoners. The news was brought by tile Steamer Baltic. Information subsequently received shows that to a very great extent the accounts were false a hoax got up by speculators to affect the funds. We gave the news As we found it in the papers and wont in no grave consideration of the influences which such a magnificent defeat would have in bringing the Czar to his senses As did some of our co temporaries. We have therefore nothing to do but announce the hoax which was a tall one and give our readers the following news received by thu steamship Washington which arrived at new York the 24th inst. No official despatches have Beon published relative to Tho it aloof Alma. Tho English lost 2000 non killed and wounded and the French 1400. Nothing but the want of cavalry Preven Ted this decisive Victory from being turned into u Complete route of Tho russians. Tho allies had changed their plan and were to attack Sebastopol from the South where it was found to be worker. The base of operations is bul Klaria where Tho cavalry Ana siege artillery Are inn Dod. Tho russians had sunk seven ships of Tho Lino at the Mouth of the Harbor. Tho bombardment of Sevastopol began on Tho 5th of oct. Marshall St. Amaud is dead and Gen. Canrobert is chief in command of the French Paris oct. 10. A despatch from Vionis states that a despatch from Mons Chi Kofl received that Lay announces that Tho allies bad established themselves at Sulaka Ria and Capo Chersonese and that no attack had been made upon Sevastopol up to Tho 3d inst Ithica is m. There is a Groat concentration of turkish troops at Meschini. Omar Pacha begins i operations against Tho russians in Iier Morabia immediately. A ass Patch from Marseilles of the 10th announces that orders had been Given to receive Tho remains of marshal St. Arniaud with All he honors that were paid him upon Bis de parture for constantinople. Tho Farewell which to had addressed to the army dates from his bivouac on the 2gth of sept. Had arrived at Toulon he says that Over Omo by Tho cruel disease against which he had so Long struggled he is obliged to re sign his comm Wal lie pays the highest oomph Ignont to his successor Canrobert Sayi Tho marshal will persue the Victory of Tho Alma and will have the Good Fortune which i hid imagined for myself and which i envy him that of leading on to Sevastopol. Countr Anut Coix. To find in the Jour Nal of Commerce mention made of a new counterfeit Quarter Eagle which was taken at the Post office in now York. It is less a tacitly Ezo Coton than the Quarter Dollar noticed a Day or two Sinco but is Well Valcu isted to deceive. It has not yet Boon Ana lazed but it is supposed to to made out of Over 50 per sent. Gold and to be Worth about 11,50. T bears Ewe 1843, and has under the Eagle the letter 0, which is placed upon the Ooton strode offal the now Orleans Branch mint the wings of the Oagle Are less Sharp y out than in the genuine Ooin but the sue 1 the Ooin is perfect and it would be read by taken by any shopkeeper. It was de eded by or. Birdsall weigher and taster it the advert Ivr eep0&t8 of Coio Clotees � made at the pair and cattle show of Tki York county agricultural society had in Biddeford october ilk and ilk. On a oreo. The committee on Horn Bate made the in lowing award to Scorga Thompson of Newfield for be entire Bone entered entitled to Premium 94,00 to George v. Jordan of Sago for i entire Bone to favourably known in Tala county not entitled to a Premium having taken it of n previous year a gratuity i recommended of to 0 Bradbury of Par on fild Doc entire horse not entered of account of Biog kept in the county Leaa than Nina Mealha a n a prior bore Beautiful in figure and motion and which the coot Mitlee Rico ramrod to the Public and award a gratuity of $lf00 to Simon Mulliken f Taeo. It the beat Carriage Borac f3,00 to Nathan Dane of Alfred for the 2d beat Carriage Horae a gratuity of to Charlea c. Sawyer Saco for the beat Span of working bore fam to Saco water l Ower co., for 3d beat Span of working Bon a ,00 to Phillip Libby Ecim Ansof gents ladies und children Boot Saud shoe exhibited by g. S. Smith so co., Aud b. K. Bom a co.,, who deserve much credit for their taste in Selec Tion As regards style and Quality. A of which is respectfully submitted for the committee c. Sch it Skol oct. 4, 1854. In live fowls. The committee on live fowls report that there Weru two enl Rita for Ileus two of Turk two of ulcese and two of Duck. L. P. Chase of did Delord exhibited three Cage of fowl 27 in number Ull uni Inah Fotias in different slugs of growth. Cage no. 1 Eon Tai cd n pair with the second litter of chickens both litter hatched since May lit also in Iuen of erg Laid Waineo Hutching of the last Brood of Chick Cus August Cili 1754. Hugo no. 2 contained Chicken 5 Mouth old very Well grown. Cage no. 3 contained chickens 4 1-2 month old of very Good Kirc. Or clips says that these fowl Are very easily raised Are very healthy Audle troublesome than any Voici Frank Jordan or Saco exhibited 7 Java Dan Tarn of line Apica runic. S. S Milliken of Buxton a oriented a very 1um lot of turkeys 23 in uni uber Well grown any one of which your committee thought would make a Good a of Dow of showed a line lot or fort turkic Wing a Purl of two litter. J. N. Langdon of Kenn chunk exhibited u ii Iii u flee being h part of two litters hatched in Muy. They were very Large fat and Lino looking Birds. Clark mulching of ibid Deford allowed 3 � ? of of line appearance across of the wild Tad Emu Inoa Cees. Mrs. Win i Nui love of Ltd Mclord exhibited 2 locks of White ducks Oil in All which elicited great adm Rution. Miss Abby Collin of Biddeford exhibited a Fine flock of Duck a species of wild ducks. The Premium offered arc a worded As follows to l. P. Chase for beat lot of urns 13,00 to Frunk , Saco for the second Best lot of liens 2,00 to s. S. Millikan for Llic Best lot of Turies 2,00 to Jason Dow As there was no Accord Premium offered for Turies to Revot Mead a gratuity of 1,00 to j. N. Langdon for the beat lot of Kesae 1,00 to Clark Hutching for the wound Brt lot of a Ceca we recommend a gratuity of i5� your committee regret very much that us per wins were Oll cred for ducks. Therefore to mra. William Proudlove for the beat lot of ducks we recommend a gratuity of 1,00 to Mist Abby Colin for the Accord beat lot of Duck 0 As a whole the exhibition of lava fowls waa rather Small which perhaps waa owing to the Rainy weather. Aube fitted. John e. 11011 is. William e Uhl oos \ commit ass. Elijah Hayes j Ali Edelord oct. 3, Lam. The supposed discovery of the Fate of sir John Franklin most real oct. 21. The following de tails relative to i tie supposed Fate of sir John Franklin s parly Are taken from the Montreal Herald or. Rae has Boen Abent on the coast since the month of Juno 1853, and returned to York factory Hudson Bay on the 28th of August jul from whence be forwarded letters by express to sir George Simpson by the Way of red Rifer settlement. Aasu briefly noticing the result of Bis own expedition he proceeds to state that from the Esqui Maux he bad obtained cer Tain information of the ate of sir John Franklin s exploring party who had been starved to death after the loss of their ships which were crushed and Punk by the ice while making their Way South to the great fish River of Back. Near the outlet of that River the party of whiles died leaving bid noes of their awful Suil rings in the mutilated corpses of some who had appear onily furnished food for their unfortunate companions. This information although lot derived from those is Quinaux who and communicated with the Whites and who had found their remains but from Mother baud who bad obtained Tho details Nova Voct my be relied on. No doubt b

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