Page 2 of 24 Aug 1855 Issue of Biddeford Union And Eastern Journal in Biddeford, Maine

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Biddeford Union and Eastern Journal (Newspaper) - August 24, 1855, Biddeford, MaineRom " eternal hostility to every form of oppression Over the mind or body of . A in h in f a w kit Louis 0. Cowan editor and proprietor. B1ddef0rd, Maine Friday August 24, 1855. I h 1 volume 34. Union and Eastern journal. The la m m Lut Toni Jairell put he try bit m my. 1, cml Block i a la Bldr Peru i a Inginio r $1,1 if a i i us la Hirw la ii rut in to g ukr into. Lii Trimn pm a i i to w a Turk by a i a l Hii of Tea u july a i w�r�4 to k it Fel an Munu Kol ukr up urus at in my Rmer. Marv Uirl if a. Ilia a i w Turk Trinkun i vim we i Buiu is. W. A tit Ikel aka am met Hicl l witio.1, i r i ? i r. Ortry. Of the death of a Tubb. Tracs to ii e Farewell Lister oud has called Lite to by High and heavenly rat now the sweetest Bird Are singing requiem u or Why peaceful brat a Rowcli Aister we Are weeping Yean of anguish for be dead. For nature s child that now is sleeping sleeping in Ber Clayey bed. Thy quiet borne Inid the mountains is desolate and lonely now and Crystal Brook and Mumi Riog fountains no More Wilt Kua by beauteous brow. The autumn winds Are sighing o or thee filled with perfume the Dowers and favorite Haurlan no More will Hare Rihm to a a with Teui thy Puppy hours. Farewell sister we will cherish lung thy memory in our breasts. When this weary world will perish May we meet thee with the ural. Com. Sri cultural. � Iii t new un4 it Liri j0urnal. Potatoes. From rations indication to Are inclined to believe that the 11 rot or As it is popu Laily denominated the plague which a for several yearn prove so universally destructive to thie valuable edible will not Thia season prove very destructive. We have examined Many Field Iti which new indications of it Are perceptible arid so far As we hear its ravages where it has appeared Are not of a character to excite any serious apprehensions As to the result. It is quite possible that the Cruz of the disease for die a we cannot otherwise than regard it Haa been reached and that hereafter a More favourable condition of things May be expected especially where the proper Means Are adopted to prevent its reappear Ance and to preserve he seed in an Yuem a of scuttled and on deteriorated state. It May not per a be super Galory to j remark in this place that those Farmers who have used uncut Ltd and planted with out manure or plaster on lands imbued with a medium decree of Richness i. E., of in uie humus Havo been far More generally successful during the a season and in deed during the previous seasons than those who have followed the opposite and More common course. In a communication to me upon the subject of potato Cul Ture a distinguished Farmer in Cumberland county Wiltone it oils for Home years past have been mainly directed to this important Branch of our agriculture observes 441 am More than Ever convinced that in order to restore the potato to it original tale of purity and health the present sys tem of is missive forcing must be discontinued so Long As i Cut my seed and manured highly my potatoes were greatly Ami in Many esses fully injured by the plague. In some seasons my crop was not Worth harvesting and the very few tubers i did obtain though apparently in a healthy and found condition when placed in she bins invariably rotted or were greatly deteriorated before Spring. " i commenced planting whole potatoes procuring my seed from a Remote locality when practicable and selecting Good but not excessively Rich soil which Haj sufficient Staple to ensure a Good yield without the assistance or to limulus of manure i Matte it a Point to get my crop in As in the season As practicable generally before my Indian Corn and to Harvest As soon As any symptom1 of decay were apparent in the Tope. Some of my neighbors who have per tenaciously pursued the opposite course cutting their tubers and manuring highly either with Putre scent or Mineral manures believing the new Iroy the beat although their operations have been conducted in adjoining i Ells have invariably been Nusuo-1 Cess Ful. Whether my Success i legitimately to be attributed to the somewhat Peculiar course i have adopted or not i am of course enable to decide. I can Only say that it has More than realized my expectations and that 1 am fully cout ment Tho of who adopt it will find it More effectual in obviating this serious evil than any other that has hitherto been another Farmer in manse Rosetts who has Long been in the habit of cultivating arly potatoes fur the Market informs me that foe Many years he was accustomed to use Large quantities of Gypsum or plaster of paria his soil at the same time being effectually with excrement Vitious or Otner strongly fermentable manures for the purpose of exciting the system to an Tarlto development and that he failed entirely of Success. He finally desisted from using either animal or Mineral manures with the exception of ashes and Lime which he thought might tend to Check the Progress of the disease and restored his crop to its Normal condition of productive Ness and health. Lis thinks Lime from Ita Well known Alka descent proper in and Vahee from the ten Dency they Hare when applied u manure to Correct acidity and Check the develop ment of Paris tical fungi operate As a preventive aug in time a a Complete a Writch in one of our agricultural publication Maya " 1 have ceased to use any kind of manure on my potato crop except line Aad ashes. My neighbors who follow the old system of manuring highly with excrement and culling their tuber rarely cure half a crop. Why Hauld Ecil be mutilate Mado unless the season is very wet in which Case a slight Elevation Roond the Root Wal be a Benefit As it will have a tendency to carry Ott the water and keep the roots dry and free from the deleterious effects stagnant water is known to Eiert on this Root. W. For ik4 4 Tulfo Emmai. Manure from the hog pen. However much and justly we any congratulate ourselves upon the discovery and we Are by no moans disposed to underrate or deprecate their Utility of concentrated fertilisers we Are nevertheless acquainted with no manorial substance More intrinsically valuable than hog manure. On this Point there appears indeed to be no discrepancy of opinion among practical men. The id auctions of pipe Retice Are in fact conc a Siro upon this Point no one who has used it will question that for most purposes it possesses a value greatly Superior to that of table manure or that its effects besides being More energetic and also More Dura ble. It is therefore very desirable that the agriculturist adopt measures economizing this highly efficient and vol Pablo article and of rendering it subservient to purposes of Fertility and improvement. By frequent addition to the excrement in Tho Yards of muck Rich Loam Sod Clay leaves from the forests decayed vegetable matter from Tho Fields gardens and pasture ground refuse Hay and haunt he May Supply a very Large Quantity of most excellent manure and at very trifling expo so. All organised sub stances in a state of putrefaction or decay posses in a very High degree the capacity of fertilising ground and assisting Tho de elopement of crop. muck which is vegetable matter in a state of Mora or less perfect decay or decomposition can to pro cured in sufficient quantify an extra num Ber of bogs should be kept in order to work up Tho material and prepare a Yuan am Tut Tut for the to Richmont of the farm. The modes Operand in this is very simple and intelligible. The bog possess All the practical chemical knowledge requisite to trans form the mass into pabulum of the richest and most salutary kind. The frequent stir ring and turning Over of the mass will ensure a regular fermentation and tend also to euro the perfect communication of the Olid and Mora Viscid Matus it contains. An muck i characterised by a porous or vascular Structure its absorbent properties or Powers Are great and Tho Quantity of Rich i fluids which it will Tako up and retain is Olgiat value to Thi crops to which it it apply i de. Alt urine contains salts. These Oscr i ate immediately and with great Energy on All vegetables. When nut economize by some absorbent matter they sink quicklv1 into the soil and ure consequently lust Solis Correct experimenters have asserted that the liquid void iut s of animal Are Worth is much for agricultural purposes As the no id excrement. Of this however there is some question. That the urine deposited \ by an animal would if co mixed and up plied with the solid excrement greatly add to the fertilizing effects of the other no one will doubt but that the actual Power would id this Casebo doubled such inter mixture is somewhat More than problematical. The Cost of saving and applying urine in this manner is a Mere guide com trud with its Benc Finiol effects. When it is practicable animation with this liquid will be found highly Beo Eucial to most crops. In dry 1 weather in effects Are of the most decided character its energies Are immediately exerted and to such a Way As to push Forward the developments of the Porta with rapid Ity and in the Moil perfect health. It is also a preventive of several diseases which is d slowly to other remedies. By re. gotten the doctrines opinions sentiments and convictions of the fathers of the Republic and if history is to be relied upon we All know that their general opinion waa that slavery was an evil to be restrained tid not a Blessing to be extended. In 1820, men of the North were almost unanimously opposed to the admission of a Slavo state. But the South bullied and threatened to Dis solve to Union and finally some sixteen men consented to take in Art Oiher Pavc slate and Muturi was admitted against nil the feelings and sentiments and Oetter knowl Edge of the North but upon the expos condition that slavery should to forever sex eluded irom All the territory lying North of 36 Deg. 30 Mill. North lat. The North lost what she had sat her heart upon and the South gained it gained All the territory to 1 Ivery that it was thought would be of any 1 value Tor to come. 1 Lien to went on and took in Texas As another slave state a1111 toil Olheis to be prospectively carved it of her thus adding ten More senator the representatives of the slave Power 1 with any number of members of the House i of representative to strengthen and extend Ihu institution. Not Only did we take Tex-1 d into the Union but we paid her ten Mil Linus f dollars Fot Tho Honor of her company. J the North As usual paying two thirds of the \ amount. Then we went to War with mex Ico. Which Cost us All of one Hundred and i Tiffy millions and will Cost a All of a Hun dred millions More a fore All of the Hills Are paid. We a tid Texas fifteen millions of dollars for lands to which she had not a shallow of a title but she threatened to flog the rest of the United Stales and we yielded to her. We gave iter ten millions of Dollar to pay her debts and her own lands besides Tor taking what was not hers but our own. And thus the slave Power went on. Texas was to have paid her own debts j five millions were Given her in hand to pay them and the balance was retained until we could have some guarantee that Tho j United states would not be called upon to make further advances. She has not yet paid her debts. Those five millions re main in her Treasury to this Day. She is at this moment the richest state in the Kaiou and yet she and her creditors have been Ean stantly coming before Congress asking us to pay her debts and do Vimr the last session although the United states held Back but lire Mil ions of this Bonus to i exas Congress passed a Law by which they voluntarily agreed to sirs some Shrei million of dollars Besic the five millions to pet lit of l a Aii import unities. A Bil for that purpose was rushed through both houses and signed by the president the same president who but a few weeks be fore had vetoed the French spoliation Bill a Bill the most just and fair that congrats Ever passed a Bill which had had the countenance and support of Jefferson Madison John Marshall and More than thirty committees of both houses a Bill in regard to the Justice of which there could be to pos sible doubt. But by such a president As we have under the dictation and control of gentlemen from the South this Bill was veto Etc he forbid Money justly due to the North for half a Century from coming hero while three million Are Given to Texas is a Mere donation upon a donation of ten millions in the first place and to we Hare been going on. Again in the last Congress there was a treaty got on by or. Gadsden for a Atrip of land in the Mesilla Valley which was of no real value. It waa contended that this land was wanted for a Railroad to the Pacific whereas col. Benton declared that the very track which they professed to want had been purchased by an american company for some seven or eight thousand dollars. But there were so Many fat jobs connected with it it was necessary that the treaty should be made. The first treaty proposed to give a much larger sum but it was repudiated by Tho Senate that body refusing to lend its Sanction As was sup posed to a degree of corruption Loo Bare faced and relating to to entertained for an instant. There no n creat Many fact connected with this matter which if they could be got at in is thought would expose an amount of corrupt Tirpo heretofore ungraded in our history but these fact Are ked up in Tho secret Archievie of the sen ate and Tho House of representatives coinciding with the recommendation of the sen ate voted ten millions of dollars for this Mesilla Valley Purchase without a knowl Edge of any of the facts in this Case. There is no doubt i repeat that it was one of the most corrupt and Flag Titus measures Ever carried through by this or any other government. Hentes All the a done it inn inclination of the South and or the promotion of Southern Inetie is lot a look at the Lin of tuition of the South in 1850. What in the coi Irue of legislation in that Yourl there a Iho Boundary question with Mexico and the ignoring of the Wilnot proviso. We had All stood for the Wilmot Provino it wan a Cau a which a near the heart of All Northern men but unfortunately they were induced by some Cort of pressure to yield what they Hud declared Over and Over again they would never yield the adoption of the wit Mot proviso Over All the territories of the United slate. And what Hare we gained to have gained perhaps a part of a com of the North Ivest Boundary. We have lost perhaps one half of Oregon. All our gain a been a loss. Then there was the 1 Ugi Tivo a Avo so unconstitutional Anil cruel yet it a forced upon a and we were Lold in a necessary Lor the Sake of the preservation of the l no n that to should yield and acquiesce Ami we did yield until to began to Fesl Well nigh sick of yielding. Well then both of the old parties held their convention at Baltimore in 1852, and it was there solemnly affirmed that Tho Compro Mise measures of 1850, were to be n final settlement of this disputed and agitating subject and Franklin i i Creon the Eastern Steps of the Capitol in i Ina Gutel ail dress declared that that settlement should receive no Shock during his administration. Yet what do we Lind we find exactly what is always the consequence of sub Mission. This system of slavery so wrong in itself cannot stand still for a moment. Tho South wanted to obtain Tho entire control of this Republic. When this Nebraska Bill was first introduced for this purpose of allaying Somo political difficulties in new York Southern men seized in Opportunity to tear up that old land Mark of 36 �30that trud stood for thirty four years until it had almost a Rovon into Tiu ground a land Maik which in some measure established Tho doctrine that Freedom and not slavery tvs entitled to the territories that Freedom and not slavery was the great object and concern the great moving and living Prin Ciple of All the institutions of this country. Applause and now the policy of Tho present administration is to go on in Tho same Way. They count upon Szuc Cess by dividing Tho North in any i possible Mode they can. That is their policy. They want to set us by the ears on seme Little question of state policy so that to cannot act together on questions of National moment. " Divido and conquer is their motto. Of ure we going to stick Voois us when to nil agree in regard to this great con trolling question of Tho times a question taking hold of Tho government itself will we be such fools a thus to be made the instrument of the slave Power and the administration of Franklin Pierce 1 i think not. Why should not whigs and and All other parties Cotuno together hero 1 what do they or iced in doing so what Erin cipro do they infringe Ilow can they o consistent ill regard to past action unless they act together now t Tho old issues have All died out. What old question is living now that was Lomely considered vital in this country 1 1 hero is but one and at that one is now Tho Only question which is before us and which agitates Tho minds of men Why should to not to together there now. At we have been in principle Bosforo applause we nil know that in the past the whig party has stood in All times Titus whereof the memory of Man run Neth not to the contrary against Tho aggressions of slavery. They Havo always re solved it they Imo Sung it they have sworn it. Let us Seo How they resolved Only last year. Or. W. Hero quoted Tho Resolution of the whigs of Muino last year Iheson a you Peic Cive no Denun Chatory of slavery. Thut w i where the Pirty of Maine stood . That i. Us i understood it pre Casoly where the be publican party of Maine stand to Day. applause the no Scein a cry gum int re and forcibly Ati Flint whatever popular a aliment hero May a among the people in Faroe of Freedmn. Let year Tho Whige of Maine did they would Nerur allow Kant to come in to the Union a a Alavo state but now by Nec Eairy implication from this doctrine of popular Borer eighty icy will he willing to allow it to co Tao in a a aware Tate if the Puoplo hero should a to now Poa Aible for a the old who a to undo All that we have done and Unavay All that we Havo said and become the Inatsu Manti and accomplice a of the slave Power cried of no no it a utterly impossible. What Uro theae men going to Dot w hero they going to land i next year there cannot by any possibility be More Thon two parties the party which Supporta Freedom and the party which sustains slavery and it b therefore a obvious an Day Light that they Muat either come with a or go with the elate party. It seems to me that Noet of them Muat perceive that they Are simply aiding Tho Slavo Power when Taliej sustain the Nebraska candidate for governor of this state. Old lawyer Jones in getting into bed one very cold Winter s night remarked i think that Tho hardest business that a Man could follow for a living would be in going round and getting into bed to warm it or other folks laughter and i think Jho hardest business our whig friends will have to do is that of warming the Beds of the Bunker Dom Crau. Great applause and laughter allow is it that the cannot and will not break away from a Purv which is Thuli endeavouring to Uso them ? let me read a paragraph or two from an address to the democratic state convention in 1819. The paragraphs Wero read expressive of the determination of the democratic party to make a decided stand against Tho in Croach mints of slavery to Aro with you fellow democrats in nil that you hero say. We demand a halt. That is precisely where the Republican party stand to Day. The Only Isufi Tion which was before the country in 1847, is the question which is before us now. The questions of Turpit of internal improve mints or a National Bank Are not Belory the country now and hero upon the Only questions of Tho Day Tho Republican party stand to Day upon precisely the same l Luti urm on which Tho democratic party of the North Tood in 1847 and m Jund All the hours for Tho last Twenty yours. And so also in regard to Tho whig platform. Hut what say Tho Democrat in their platform t Lis Yeai " Kes olred that the administration by tis Fri Ahful execution of the Law i us Poe that Las reference to thu execution of the Law in regard to the rights of the Citi Lens of Luisa by it add Fiance to the Constitution the Constitution hero undoubtedly ieans the Mesilla Valley Reaty by its adm Hablo foreign policy that levers to or. Soule s Congress at is lend and the bombardment of Gre town laughter and by its adhesion to thu land Nark of the democratic the Misouri Compromise was one of the land Murks of the democratic Paity and we inv seen the Modo in which they maintain their Emmlu Maiks and then go on o say hat Thi m expressive of no opinion in elation to the repeal of the Missouri com Promise that is thu result the Cou Clu Ion they Hare no opinion in regard to Tho repeal of the Compromise that great measure of the admin nitration that leading measure of or. 1 i erect s gov ferment a measure about which everybody in the whole country is talking and which at once give character to Tho administration to step have no opinion to express in regard Oil. What does it mean ? is it possible that they can have so Little regard for the welfare of their party a to have formed no opinion in toward to its leading and most , or is it that they have an opinion and Uro afraid to express it very great applause whoa ethos afraid of Tho free people of Maine or a Turanica oligarchy in the South renewed hip Laue. What a position to be in either that they Lulu to opinion or if they have Thoy Are choked and Daro not express it. Continued applause i democrats will you go with these men 1 Vou have opinions and you Are not afraid to cd Phi As them any where cheers no opinion what business have they to be t party if they Havo no opinion. What Light have Moy to give no Light at nil. They Are sulking about with dark lanterns and have no Light to give whatever. These men khow Well enough that Nono of us can do anything which would imply that we Aro not True to ourselves. We can none of us afford to do anything but what we know to by right. To Soo our duly plainly and to must do it. They May Call us traitors or what else they please let them dose to can afford to be vilified and misrepresented but we cannot Llord to do what to know is wrong and what we have always said is wrong and we icon t do it that is More. Great applause but it is said this year is not an important year that to May this year Nti end to state matters and Leavo these questions of National interest alone. Is is not so. 1 regard our notion this year As being of is much importance is it was last year and Moro important perhaps than it will to next your for on what we do in 1855 de Pond in a Goat measure what to will do m 1850 and not tidy so but it depends in a Ureal degree on what Maino May do this your is to what will to Dono in other Stutes in 185c. As we put the Ball in motion so it will go rolling to Tho Ond. Lot Maino Triumph nobly Litis your is she will very Groat applause let her elect Morrill us her govenor by 10,000 majority is h9 will renewed applause let her do that let Tho word be sent to Ohio and let Ohio respond with her 100.000 majority for Chase and Indiana and Illinois will do likewise and be told that they Are acting contrary to Tho wishes of their constituents ? i Trust then that we shall have with us All of the True men of the state that w Hen the matter is fairly understood every right minded rain will be on our Side As we cd pct Tho great majority to i. Now Iny Friend we have suffered in lilo past because we h Ive not l Een sufficiently Linn in the nuut Ananco of our principles. We have been so week in Lii respect a Indrea the South to helium that any draft on our for Warance would he honoured in the end to have submitted to aggression and outrages until at lost the Haro taken from us the soil bought with a Price and dedicated to the us of Freedom forever and then a mean to Divide California and acquire St Domingo a j Cuba and another l Orion of Mexico to u to bring at least half a dozen More slave slates into the Union and when that is done we shall be told As toot new and Stephen of Georgia and Jefferson Davis and others Tell us now i that under the Constitution of the United states which is the supremo Law of the land you cannot exclude slavery from and state of the Union and in Short that it exile i Gall and by Force of the Constitution in the state of Maino cries of never that is the doctrine they will come to. Fellow citizens Aro women or Are to flunk ies As the proverb says " make your selves into sheep and the to Ivy will eat what i there More humiliating that can be done in regard to the territory of Nebraska to Aro not Mado alike in any thing or in any any. We differ in our Opin ions in regard to Tho Many questions it is inevitable that to should do so but there so some questions in regard to which we do not differ. In some respects to arc alike Waro alike in sharing a common human it to no alike in appreciating Trio Funda mental right of human nature. So while to d Magreo in regard to any questions of Public policy questions of religion or tem Perance of know nothing ism of Banks of Tariff of internal improvements and a thous and other things yet in regard to the Groat Central truths of human rights the Inalien Able and indestructible rights of Mankind Ai contained in Tho declaration of Indepen-1 Donee to cannot differ. There we All agree there we no All alike and Truo men when they see that their rights Aro denied and stricken Down and that in their Stead is to be raised a colossal system of slavery which is to to extended As fur us Tho uttermost flight of our Eagle and worn into Tho limbs and souls of men then what Ever men May have thought before they cast aside their Formor antipathies and come to outlier for Ono purpose and work together in one spirit unto Tho end. Applause i it to Ell you that danger surround us now. To May moot it or to May yield to it but we cannot Ostapo it. I two will not yield to it cries of no and never never you yield you submit acquiesce and ignore your own rights f i Tell you that in tha lexicon of five Edoin Thero Are no such words. No yield once yield always. Yield to Day Yod to Morrow and so it will to yielding continually. Submission never vet set Bounds to Ngu ression and it never will. And noting upon that truth let us rally and Roco quor our goodly heritage and convince the South that to do mean that Tho spirit of Freedom shall to Tho Rul ing spirit in this Republic and that to do not look upon it As a matter of Indi Flronce to us what Thor Freedom or slavery shall Triumph. Then will their Woik to Dono and Well Dono no rights invited and no Union destroyed and Reaco and Concord once Moro inaugurated in our in any land. Tron May we. Listening hear As Tho poot of our of Stato Tho first of living Birds heard when in a vision to saw Tho oct Lution of Orion. Then through the silence overhead an Angel with a trumpet Aid forc Velinore forever nor the reign of violence i o or Aiki like in instr uncut that Ling it mimic on another s mini the to unset of the impel cat upon the heavenly Lyre it Hlat Anil on from sphere to Pere Tea word Lle eco Ioctl Down the burning chord forevermore fore encore the reign of violence 1 o or " the speaker resumed his scat amid much applause. The doctrines of Jefferson on slavery anti slavery principles of the National Republican party. From a utter of Thomat it Larson to col. Win daunt i Tureh 28, 1811, vol 3, p. 577 j " you know my it a sir Eliut this Union of republicans Jiuu ban the constant theme of my exhortations that i Hart Ever re fused to knot any sub divisions among them to Lake part in personal that the republicans of Tho present Day hold opinions upon the question of slavery identical with those of the great founder of the Republican party is Well known but we have thought that at a time when so Many claim to be his followers ure labor ing to extend Over free territory so great an evil As or. Jefferson regarded slavery that a selection from his outings upon this subject would not be Ruopp Orlunus or unprofitable. Our extract cover a period com mencing with his Early manhood and Clos ing with his latest Yean. We Call Tho particular attention of our democratic readers to these extracts Aud ask them whether we could be True to the sentiments convictions Aud leaching of our Groat Leader did we not resist with All the ability to possess the spread of this giant wrong Over our Conti nent. The republicans of 1855, impressed with a deep sense of duty and responsibility believing that Tho welfare and durability of the Republic de end upon the of the principles which have United them in this crisis will do Well to regard the exhortations of or. Jefferson in reaped to sub division and personal differences As no less necessary Aud Wise now than they were in Tho Days of the old re publican Jefferson Tan. From Jtj Fertte " ii. A. Nivath " i have found to mention of negroes in Tho Colony until about u 50 the Fust Broni it Here As slaves were by a Hutch ship after which the Kulish commenced the Trado and continued in it until the revolutionary War that suspended Piso Facto their further importation for the present and the business of Tho War Pring constantly on the legislature this subject was not aet de on Lually until Tho year 78, when i brought in a Bill to prevent their further importation. This passed without opposition Aud slopped ilm increase of the Ovil Hyim por tation leaving to future Effort its final the preceding extract and that which follows Are copied from sir. Jefferson s autobiography written in 1821, when he was 77 years old. " in 17i3 i became a member of the legislature by Limo Choice of Llie county i which i lived Ami so continued until it Ivy closed by the revolution. I made one Elwirt in that body fur the permission of the emancipation of dares which was rejected and indeed during the regal govern ment nothing Liberal could expect Success. Our minds were circumscribed within Nar Row limit by an habitual belief that it waa our duty to be Arbor Dirats to the Mother country on All Mattera of government to direct All our Labora in subservience to Hei interests and even to observe a bigoted in tolerance for All religions but Heia. In the instructions Given to the first Dele gation of Virginia to Conte a in August 1774. He wrote " the abolition of doors tie slavery is the great object of Ile sirt in these colonies where it was unhappily in their infant Stato. Hut previous to the enfranchisement. Of the slaves we have it is necessary to exclude All further importations from Africa yet our repeated etl Orti to effect this by prohibitions and by imposing anti a which might amount to prohibition have been Defeated by his majesty s negative thus pre Ferring the immediate advantage of a few iritis a corsairs to the lasting interests of the american states and to the rights of human nature deeply rounded by this ii famous Prattine " ibid p. 135. Kins to Ort thud draft of tit i curation or Pendant " he has waged cruel War against human i nature iia Elf violating its most sacred rights of life and Liberty h Iho prison of a Distant i people who never offended him captivating and carrying them into slavery in another hemisphere or to incur miserable death in their transportation thither. This piratical warfare the opprobrium of infidel Powers in the warfare of the Christian King of great Britain. Determined to keep open a Market where in should be bought and old to Haa Proa tinted his negative for sup pressing every legislative attempt to prohibit or restrain this execrable Commerce. Avon the Dofi Anition " a hold Tutsi truths to re self evident Itiat All men acc heated equal that Tivey Are endowed by creator with certain inalienable rights that among these Are Lite Liberty and the Pursuit of happiness vol. 1, p. 20. I fro a lit " a Otu on Virginia Trulin in 17dl a 7 1m2. " l acre my mount or la mention in in Minn such manner As this. " of the two commission in who Viau concern a me amendatory clause Tor lha gradual emancipation of Lave or. Wilho could not be pre but lie being a member of the judiciary depart intent am or. Jefferson � absent on the the legation to France. But there wore not wanting in that Assembly men of virtue enough to Tono a Ami talents to vindicate thit clause. Hut they saw the moment for doing it with Success waa not yet arrived Aud that an Florl Aatu often happens would Only rivet Atill closer the Chain of bondage and retard the moment of delivery to Thia oppressed description of men. What a s upend us what an incomprehensible machine is Man who can in ure toil famine stripes imprisonment and death itself in vindication of hit own Liberty and the next moment be deaf to All those motives whose Power a unsorted him through Hia trial and inflict on his fellow men a bondage one hour of which is fraught with More misery than Ages of that which hero of in rebellion to oppo of. But we must await with Pantie no the Workings of an Over ruling Providence and ii Ope that that is rep Wing the deliverance of these our suf Erin Brethren. When the measure shall be full when their groans shall have inv nov de heaven itself in darkness doubtless a god of Justice will awake to their distress and by diffusing Light and liberality among their oppressors or at length by his exterminating Thunder Manifest his attention to Tho things of this world and that they Are not left to the guidance of an Blind vol.�, p. 278. Tvs is or. Of Trot to annual 3.1m�. " 1 congratulate you Lellow Cit Tacna on Tho approach of Tho period al which Vou May interpose your authority Constitution ally. To withdraw he citizens of the United Sites from All further Partio ipalion in Thom violations of human rights which have been o Long continued on the Uno fending inhabitants of Africa Ayd which the morality the reputation Ami Tho Best interests of our country have Long been eager to proscribe. Although 110 Luw you May Para can Lake prohibitory ctr oct till the first Day of the year one thousand eight Hundred and eight yet the intervening period is not to Long pre vent by timely notice expeditions which cannot be completed before that vol. 8, p. 67. F from a utter to Ivy Short Dut a soft. 8, 1823 still ii is a it theous Dion Well Inna Iho heter morph peculiarities of the Nee a that wit ii thin physical compulsion to action Mutt be Tuosti tuned for the moral necessity which constrains the free labourer to work equally Hanl. We feel and deplore it morally and politically and to look without entire despair to lome redeeming Means not yet Seoi Liwally foreseen. I am Happy in believing that the conviction of the necessity of removing this evil gain ground with vol. 7, p. 310. Thia it will be keen was three years after the a uie of the Missouri Coin Promise. From ult str to Hon. flirt fat april8. 18w. I " Oil the question or Trio lawfulness of slavery that is Oft to right of 0110 Man to appropriate to himself Tho faculties of an other without his consent i certainly re Tain my Early ibid p. 437. In less than two Mouths from the Date of the foregoing letter on Tho 4th of july 20tlie l Tho Buthot of the declaration Independence. His body was buried i i peace but his name Ireth evermore fat a comment the following extract from Gro. W. Liui speech delivered in the Senate in 1h32, in reply to or. Maine a South Carolina Lollie Hunker democrats. Or. Haines attribute Lite declension of lilo South to the Tariff. Or. Dallas thus replied m that other cause still or. President for Southern distress do exist cannot b � doubted. One of these it i peculiarly pain Ful to advert to and when i mention it beg honorable senator not to suppose that i do it in the spirit of taunt or reproach or of Idle declamation. Regarding it As a Mil Fortune merely not As a fault As a Distaso inherited not incurred perhaps to be alleviated not eradicated i should fool self condemned were i to treat it other than As in existing fact whose Merit or Demerit apart from Trio question under debate is shielded from commentary by the highest and most just consideration. I refer sir to the character of Southern labor in itself and in it in Luence on others. Incapable of adoption to the Ever varying changes of human society and existence it retains the communities in which it is established in a condition of up Parent and comparative inert tie. The lights of science and Tho improvements of url. Which vilify and Accel Ratu elsewhere cannot penetrate or in they Ilo penetrate with dilatory inefficiency among ill operatives they arc merely in thru Alvo Anil passive. While the intellect Laid of this country Spring elastically Forward at every Fresn impulse i ii manual labor ii propelled and redoubled by countless invention machine Ami Contri Vance instantly understood and a. Once exercised the South remain stationary in accessible to such encouraging and slim la tint Aid. Nor i it wholly impossible to to wholly Blind to Tho moral effect of thin species of labor upon Trio a freemen Anion whom it exist. A Dis Reliah Foi Humble Hanly occupation a Pride Adverse to Drudgery and toil a dead that to Parluk i in the employment allotted to color May to accompanied also by in degradation am natural and inevitable. Tho High and lofty qualities which in other Acenes and for other purposes characterize and adorn our South Ern Brethren Are fatal to Tho enduring patience Tho corporeal exertion and the pains taking simplicity by which Only a Success Ful yeomanry can be formed. When in fact sir the senator from South Carolina asserts that slave Art Loo imprudent too incapable of that minute constant Deli Maui attention and that persevering Industry which is essential to Ilie Success of manufacturing establishments to himself admit the defect in Tho condition of South Ern labor by which the Progress of Hifa verite Section must be re Tantod Ilo Adindu in inability to keep Pace with the world. He admit an inherent weakness a weak Ness neither engendered nor aggravated by the Tantra which As societies Are now constituted and directed must drag in the rear and be distanced in Tho common race Frank Pierco occupying hit elevated position and looking out Over the whole Republic deem Ilia Moat flagrant outrage committed by any Pernon appointed during i term of office to to the speculation in those land and consequently to Lay tie a at Tho Root or the tree and Cut Down t offender. What a he a Corneli hed nothing but to gain the delectation of All who know or take pain to inquire into Tho tact. A to Tho removal of the governor. A there Ever a Moie Hallott pretext for doing a mean Hiag than the one which Pierce a Devi de t the fact in relation to thro Laud had been a Public matter for Nitro month and Tho us decl of new paper Crit icim during All that period. The governor visited a Hui Tou and a in front ustation with the president and head of depart moot for three week. Not a word we whisk ered to gov. A lieder about Hia offend ing. The governor get ready to return to the scene of i labor but at the Gnu Oal hour of Noar Midnight a letter i put into i hands slating that certain explanation Are wanted. The governor replies hastily and Promise a statement in full on Bis arrival in Kansas. A prominent member of the Cabinet meantime away Down in Mia is Ippi. Charge gov. Bleeder with being an abolitionist and intimates that he is probably removed for Lee there. To expect nothing better from it certain Clave but we Hope to see men of principle get into better cum ptts be fore september

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