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Biddeford Union And Eastern Journal Newspaper Archives Aug 17 1855, Page 1

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Biddeford Union and Eastern Journal (Newspaper) - August 17, 1855, Biddeford, MaineKynion Atafo of cent hootil1ty to every form of oppression Over the mind or body of. Louis 0. Cowan editor an Maine Friday August 1 7, 1 855. Volume 83. Union and Eastern journal j i culture. The repose and Are pity of a and that in the end he made a profit of just. Zenuh i the a Douay out of he pm or Hadu no. I cd re i atom a vyv Vii #1.1-101 Riche and All the plea Euree wealth can buy working neighbor. A a lodged it is rare to find a merchant or that waa the character of the Man and it f. B. Nim a. A Mechanic who Hae in Early his All Hie neighbors knew it. It he was respected for he had Money and Many peo Apat to i a. My a Fen let a int in Toto cwt Tartu imm.u4 raua4.�phi., au4 a to us hmm of to Dot Apo eared to Toka Adaer Aew la in a Stoa no Lolaa at a pm Una Roto Aara ural Kaa. Uto Ato aaa aft mtg t Juk try mum Beik toes us Sawalla. Toof clinic l ftim.eti., m. W. Saranc Twyl Aai Kaa a at Marat. Marcus Watso Peatee. The farm supports All. People May reason and thee Rixe about the comparative usefulness of different pursuits and occupation. We will not quarrel with any Man because a the insists that a Irude or broker in a Seefel a Mas As the lamer but we a with s Man in a gentlemanly Way who will not admit that the for i Erie life docs Poe fees As Murk True dignity and Utility As any other. We will for civility a Sake admit Equality but cannot acknowledge superiority. Agriculture in the basis of All natural Prosperity. A child May use that if the Earth is not cultivated the whole population in a single year or at most in two year when the cattle Are consumed must literally starve while society would exist to an indefinite extent were the Labore of any other interest to cease at once. Observe the course of Trade and inquire of the merchant even in our own country and we a Hall find that opon the products of the a Oil does Alt the Prosperity of Trade depend. If the Cotton crop in Short the Southern trader cannot order goods from the North or having Ocker de fails and cannot pay for them. He fails because the planter having fed to Hie negroes All his Corn and Bacon has nothing left wherewith to pay for his Fain leed. Left his Rural borne for a Lile in the City who does not look Forward with pleasant anticipations to the Day when he shall return once More to Hie native Hills or at least to the occupation of a Homestead where his children May imbibe True ideas of Tho dignity and Independence of a life on a farm. This May seem a trite and common place subject. We claim no originality for these thoughts but it would seem that now when wars Are die lating the Earth when prices Are paid in our markets that would indicate that famine must somewhere prevail it Wuu my Iii now both the Armor himself in Bis Independence of other men from Tho Vicissitudes of life and All others. In the a depend ends on him for daily food might see and feel what More thaa All Olee we would impress on All that agriculture is the foundation of National Prosperity and that the position of the Farmer is entitled to be that of Tho highest. Fiat Wax Roa month commenced on wednesday and we have had three Day of it already. August is most important month so far As Corn and Grain Are concerned and this year much of our haying has been delayed for an August Sun. July has been a wet month and the business of securing the Harvest is much delayed but in most cases the grass has not suffered much but on the contrary the Bottoms have become much thicker since july commenced and if we can have enough fair weather in this month we May yet be pretty Well supplied with Winter ily supplies. If the wheat crop fails the Boston and new York mar clients at once isel the effect of the failure for the Western merchant cannot meet Bis liabilities nor incur others. When All things Are prosperous the Armer is almost forgotten. He Labore Bard and brings the product of his labor to a full Market. He a met by Sharp speculators with the cry that the Market in glutted the wet and warm weather of july have been quite favourable to past u re grounds and to the growth of All vegetables. Trees set in May Are now feeling the influence of moisture from the Clouds and it is a Fine Lime for Flat turnips sown late. We often have a Good crop after sowing the seed among Corn As Lyle As August. This Send May be a own too in vacant places in the Garden where other seed have Faile of and his supplies Are not wanted and is vegetating or where Early crops have been compelled because he cannot enter into harvested. Combinations to meet the banded Monopo the Spring grains Are now ready for the liners to sell at a Price which gives him but tickle. Wheat Rye and Oats must be seen scanty pay for his Industry. Is feels that to in preference to Hay making. Oats must All the world is prosperous except himself be Cut immediately after the appearance of and the trading Public forgetful or careless on their stalks or much loss May be that Tho Farmer maintains and even produces expected. Lodged Oats if no other should All this Prosperity by Bis quiet pursuits look be mown As grass and dried for fall or win Down upon him perhaps with contempt j Ter feed Barley in this Quarter is an unit be sure he bos at such limes in com certain crop. Were it As sure As Oats it Mon with others enough of food and cloth j would be quite extensively cultivated for ing. He does not want but Bis abundance he Grain in More valuable than oat for hogs and Suco eee seem to profit others More than and houses and when the soil and Tho season himself. Indeed he hardly participates in Are suitable larger and More valuable har the general Prosperity which Hie own Bard j a it it a Are obtained. Work and watchful Core has created. It would be Well to enquire More minute but by and by the scene changes. Thoa into the causes of the frequent failures crops Are Short in Somo sections of Tho a 0f the Barley Harvest for this Grain comes country supplies Are not forwarded to the next to Indian Corn in nutritive great marts of Trade for the adequate sup and could it be relied on by Farmers As a ply of the inhabitants of the cities themselves vote crop it would enable them to Fatton or to meet the demands of Commerce. Eusi their pork one or two months earlier than Ness is deranged merchants fail the coun when they Tely wholly on Corn. Chemists try traders Aro discouraged the whole i be Good enough to let us know Why it is country languishes and there is a Genera that fifty bushels of Barley per acre Are har cry of Baad times. But the Farmer does vested on Tome soils while Only ten Are the not fail lie raises his own food in Abun product of other equally Rich dance still. What he can spare brings him when the Hay has All been secured the an increased Pri let in the Market the Bush pasture needs Sorar attention. The traders and speculators come to his very Cyl he is not now so much in use to kill doors and entreat him to sell them at any bashes a it formerly was but still it must Price enough to meet the present Necessia be used in cases where the plough cannot ties of their business. And so when the run to advantage. August is probably the a Arth is Laid waste and labor diverted from Best month for cutting Bushes though its legitimate pursuits by want then the there Are Good argument for june As the Farmer to creases his exertions. He sows Young sprouts Are More Lender and the cat More broadly he labors More tie in pastures will give Bushes a second lie feels that men in foreign lands who Are cropping dragged by hard Muster from their Homes to engage in bloody Battles Are or pendent on him for their daily bread. Still i two Supply a abundant and others demand a share and offer him a generous Reward for his labor. The world stupid As it often is in times of general pose and Prosperity note appreciates the Farmers useful 1 the Mill privilege. A tale with an instructive moral. In one of the new towns of Maine Tome what then is the True position of the Cul dirty years ago lived a Man named John to vation of the land ? is it Ono of hard work and Servile labor Only or a it Ono of dignity and importance indispensable at All times ? fanning a doubtless hard work in the general acceptation of the term but it is a great mistake to Call that Only hard work which is performed with the hands. The Tatnall. He was a close listed digging Man and never scruples to make the Best end of a bargain at All Points within allowance of written Law. He never hesitated to make capital of other people s necessities and any event that would put a Dollar into Hie till waa All right to him. Once a neigh lawyer confined to the stifling and Crampt i0� a Hoe of just at the time when he air of a court room toe Days and weeks 1� in Dat of fulfilling a contract for with the property and live of Hie Diente at cuu gang Down and hauling out a take and dependent on his watchful Coo contract was Worth a thousand Dollar at ant Core the minister bound to Hie stat and by was a one half of it if he did id preaching whether in health or feeling�111 v0 a Quot a la i in Tho River before the himself sinking already under Hie Harras eing no Quot Niel Ted in the Spring. The loss of and never ceasing responsibility the Doe by a two a run him if he could not Tor rolled out at Midnight to prescribe in no by ply cd Good. He knew that Talan instant in a new and doubtful Case a Quot bad plenty of oxen and he went to him Beoo have All their labor harder work than my b4< can now Tatnall had a any performed by the hands Dooe. Many nombo re in which he had bought former labor too severely More so than lop Cen drove which he meant to drive there is any need of but still we think to a Loti 9j a Cou a a Ltd on a their hardships Are not so great As those in �0 u we m do1 be by a ne3b rident to the professions we have 0f no cd a or he meant to profit by it. They have besides what traders and spec a Wool no a a Oil �>�1m� he sold a pair and a store and even Mechanic con never have. No the a Wilhonen ene Moua Price. The what is really a source of More enjoyment poor Lumberman begged and entreated but than wealth can bring they Bat Security 41 we no a Vail there was not another for the future. They p ant and now in Faith 01 to bought for Miles and Miles around and with full Assurance that the Harvest will or a Tatnall had bought them All up. Not fail. Railroad and Bank stocks May the neighbor could not allow his work to Rise or Call the Market for their own produce he 11, so he paid Tatnall toll doable what May be High or Low War or peace May pro he oxen were Worth and took them away Vail free Trade or High duties May Triumph then it was that he happened to think of Bat they know that14 god liveth the in his Odd of. He knew it we better by far Orease a and that they and them Are do than either of those he had bought of Tat pen Cut on him alone. Young men make Nail and he drove it Over to the cattle Deal haste to be Rich. They forsake their a pe-1 Eros to sell it Jas he had no use for it. Tat eternal acre a and strive in doubtful paths Nail offered him Twenty dollars for it just to a Notrip the fickle goddess. A one fifth of what he had obtained for the an age triage reflection and Juster views of the True Obj Aota of life most Mee place a higher value on the peaceful pursuits of a Yok he Haj sold ? we will not Tell All the conversation and bantering that followed Bat suffice it to nay that Tatnall got the of pie depended on him for work though their pittance for such work was beggarly in the extreme. Tatnall a farm was situated upon quite a Large River and he owned to a great extent on both sides of it. When he bought there he had some faint idea that at some time there would be a Mill put up there and thus greatly enhance the value of his lot for there was quite a fall in the River where be owned and a most excellent Mill privilege was thus afforded. But he never built the Milfor he had not the Money so spare uni u Ito about two years previous to the opening of our Story some men had come to examine the fall of the River and they talked of buying and building extensive Mill Tatnall knew that if such was done the value of All Tho Good land about him would be advanced and he bought up All he could so that at the present time he owned not less than a thousand acres. One Day in Early Spring just As the ice had broken up a Man called on Tatnall and wished to examine the Mill privilege. His name was Lemuel Farnsworth and be we a Young Man not More than thirty years of age full of Enterprise and integrity. Tatnall accompanied Bis visitor out to the River and after examining the premises the latter expressed himself much pleased with them. Quot 0 a a exclaimed Tatnall Quot this is about the finest Mill privilege in the stats. The water cannot fail and you see there would be Power enough to drive a dozen i see a returned Farnsworth but he did not express All he thought. He merely acknowledged that the privilege was Good. Quot if i buy Here Quot he continued Quot i should want some forty or fifty sores of land to go with the water lot for i shall want lumber enough to put up All my buildings and some besides of my own to commence work a a you can have All you want Quot was Tatnall a reply and shortly afterwards they returned to the a a now what is your Price Quot asked Farnsworth after he had decline l to take a Glass of runt which had been poured out for him. Quot Well Quot returned Tatnall thoughtfully 111 Haven to thought much of Selling for i Havo had Somo idea of putting up a Mill there this was a falsehood but then Tatnall said such things As naturally As a child laughs when it is pleased. Quot but you will sell. I suppose 1 a to Quot then what would be your Price Quot Quot you mean for the Mill privilege and the fifty acres of Woodland 1 Quot m Well the water lot a valuable and we All know that the land is excellent and then the lumber on it is the first Quality. I have seen All that sir. Now for your Quot Well i have thought if some one would put up a Mill there i would sell the privilege with land enough for a Garden and the necessary buildings say about six acres for a thousand dollars. And then if you want Tho fifty acres i should say about seven Hundred dollars but my dear sir Quot uttered Farnsworth in Surprise Quot do you cons Jer How this Mill will enhance the value of your other properly we mean to pot up not Only a Sawmill but also a Good grist Mill and a carding and clothing Mill so that to can saw the lumber grind the Grain card the Wool and dress All the cloth for people who May come and Settle Quot then you mean Todo All this a said Tatnall really surprised but without show ing it. Quot yes now Tatnall knew that this would be i vast Benefit to him. The nearest Mill was now six Miles off and oven that was a poor Flimsy concern built upon a Small Brook that was dry nearly half the year. From this circumstance people had not settled Down upon the Rich lands by the River and the huge ties yet stood upon the finest alluvial soil in that Section of the such a establishment or. To Nall at once saw would draw quite a Village together in a few years and thus his land would Inake him Ludepen Dally wealthy. But he believed he had the Power All in his own hands and he meant to use it. Quot i cannot take a event less Quot he said after a few moments through. Quot to to sure the establishment you speak of will be a Benefit to me but i hat is no reason Why i should sacrifice now. It will also be a Benefit to you for which you can Well afford to pay. If Yon will take the whole for seventeen Hundred Dollar you can have a a Well a a said or. Farnsworth a i have a la Ritner engaged with me in this business and i must see him first. I will explain the Case to him and next Day after to Morrow i will see you or. Farnsworth left and when Tatnall found himself alone he began to meditate upon the plan he had Tho entered upon. Quot if these two men have got their minds settled upon this Mill Quot he mid to himself Quot they wont Stop at trifles. 01 course they have got Money enough or else they would not be going into any such extensive business. Ill Leel of them Quot or. Tatnall said this with a sort of chuckle As he clasped his hard fists together Jast As though he had a helpless Man within his at the appointed Lime or. Farnsworth returned Ami with him came his partner a Man of about the same age with himself named Ridgley. They went out and looked the place All Over and at length they concluded they would pay the seventeen Hundred dollars. It was a heavy sum much More than the property was Worth but they had set their hearts upon building Tho Mill in that Section and they wished not to give it up. 41 a gentlemen Quot said Tatnall with Bland smile after their offer had been made 44 that Price was not a fixed one that was Only a sum named two Daye ago for accept Ance or rejection then. I gave no claim or refusal. I cannot sell for that now. Quot Are you in Earnest 1 asked or. Farnsworth. A i am most 41 and for what will you sell now 1 44 Yon May have Tho whole for Twenty two Hundred 41 but sir Quot uttered Ridgley this is monstrous. The Mills May not return us a cent for years. Why sir for six years at least a a a i make morn by the mlle than we Quot that is looking farther ahead than is needed Quot replied Tatnall the property is Worth what i have Quot but you will take off something a a Quot no Quot you will say two thousand 1 Quot not a cent Leas than Twenty two both the Young men saw that Tatnall was trying to overreach them but they did not give vent to their feelings for they wanted the Mill privilege much. They had examined the nature of Tho land up and Down the River and they had found that for Many Miles it was a Rich deep Intervale and that such works As they meant to put up would surely make a Large Village there in a few years. And then the Circum Jacent Upland was Good being beautifully divided into undulating tracts and bearing a heavy growth of Oak and Maple. But they were not prepared to pay a sum which they knew was Only forced upon them through necessity. Many a Man would have almost Given them the Mill privilege in consideration of the Benefit that would thereby accrue to the Othor property. The two Young men pointed out to or. Tatnall All this they told him they were going to embark their Little All in Tho Enterprise and that they should have nearly All their Money paid out if they gave him such a Price for his property. But to cared not for that. The result of the conference was that the Young men wanted a week in which to consider upon the Mailer a very Well Quot said Tatnall a a you can take As Long As you Quot but you will not raise on your Price again Quot added Farnsworth. Quot dope to know about that Quot waa the response. Quot the offer i have just made is Only open for the two partners conversed together in a whisper and for a few moment they had a mind to accept to Talps last offer. They saw that they were completely in his Power and they had read enough of his character to be assured that he would Rob them of every Penny they had if he could do so under cover of the Law. But Tho Mill privilege would be valuable to them very valuable and of this Farnsworth spoke. Quot i know it Quot returned Ridgely Quot but you must remember that it is our Energy and perseverance that will make it valuable let us think of it a so they went away and left the matter for settlement in one week. Tatnall rubbed his hands when they were gone for he Felt sure Thoj would come Back and he had Mado up his mind that he would have just Twenty five Hundred dollars for Tho lot he was to sell on the next Day the two partners took stroll Down the River and at a distance of seven Miles from Tatnall a place they came to a Point where a sort of Bayou or Inlet made up into the shores. From curiosity they followed this up and found it run in about Twenty rods and then turned Anil extended Down some Quarter of a mile almost parallel with the River and there it ended in a deep wide Basin. Opposite this Point in Tho River was a Steep fall of water but no thoughts of building a Mill there had been entertained on account of the Rocky rugged nature of the shores. But this Inlet seemed almost Cut out by Providence for a Mill. By expending one Hundred dollars at the outside the Bayou could be Cut right on to the River striking the Bank about 1 rods below the fall and their Mills could be built and be not Only free of danger from freshest but with enormous in fact the water Power could be Trade As extensive As was necessary. But then there were other advantages. In the first place the building spot was far Superior to that of Tatnall a and then it left a splendid growth of Intervale Pine above which could be easily cot and run dowry. As soon As the two Young men had fully realized the splendid nature of the discovery they had made they fairly danced with Joy. They set off at once to find the owner and they found him to be a or. Simon Winthrop a poor honest Man and the very one whom or. Tatnall had so imposed upon in the of Trade. Winthrop Wood enough of the River and the Mircu Jacent Upland for quite a township. It had been left him by his Uncle and to had moved on to it cleared a Small farm and had begun now to make quite a comfortable living by getting off Timber though he bed not yet got off a thousandth part of it. Tho two partners found him in his House that very evening and they commenced by informing him of the trials they had had with or. Tatnall. Winthrop smiled As they finished their account and for the amusement or the thing he related the Story of his of Trade. The millwrights were very soon assured that they had an honorable Man to Deal with now and they frankly told him of the remarkable discovery they had made and at the same time explained to him that the Mill privilege upon i land waa Worth double that of Tatnall. And then they asked him How he would Tell the water Power and a goodly piece of he first wished to know All their plans and they freely told him for they knew that he was not the Man to overreach them. They told him of Tho saw Mill the grist Mill the olo Lhing Mill and that they should probably put up a store if people enough moved in to support one. Quot now How much Money have you Golly a asked Winthrop. Quot that Ian How much can you raise to pot into the place 1 a we can raise just eight thousand dollars Quot replied Farnsworth. Simon Winthrop got no and walked across the floor several times and then he came Back and sat Down again. A a gentlemen Quot said he a i you will put up a Good Mill and saw my lumber Well and at fair prices i will freely give you the Mill privilege and for what land you take you stall pay me somewhere near what the Lector is Worth on it but i have another offer to make you. My old Uncle was one of Thoie who went into this land business a few years ago and when be died he gave me All the land he owned Here. It is very valuable land though so far i have Only gained a Bare livelihood on it. I have Between two and three thousand acres All told my lot joining Tatnall a above Here and running Down four Miles below. Now what do you say to making me Tho third than in your party 1 you put your own energies and knowledge and Money with my s out bands and Broad lands. We shall All share alike whether in Fields Mills or stores. What think you a a a we must think of that Quot uttered both the Young men in a breath. A a so do. But remember the Mill privilege is yours if you want it and May put up a Mill on it without Cost provided my other offer does not suit the two men went away about 9 of clock but they Felt sure that they should take up with the last offer though upon a thing of such extent they wanted Timo to reflect. The next morning Early or. Tatnall waa at Winthrop a door. He wanted to buy a Large lot of Intervale Woodland which Lay next to his own on the River. But or. Winthrop would listen to nothing of Tho kind. Tatnall Hung on for he Felt sure of the Mills being built upon his land and to wanted All the neighbouring lumber. How wore at Winthrop for his a obstinacy a but Tho latter Only laughed. That afternoon messes. Farnsworth and Ridgley called upon Tatnall and informed him that they had concluded not to buy of him. 44 very Well gentlemen Quot coolly returned he for he thought they wore Only trying to bring him Down. So they both turned to leave and As they Bailo him Quot Good Bye Quot or. Tatnall turned Pale. He began to think Thoy Wero in Earnest. A a Stop Stop Quot he cried. 44 Are you in Earnest. Ainu to you going to put up the Mills Quot a a not Here 44but�??? be ins hurry. Perhaps we can come in come in. Lets talk the matter 44 there a no need Quot answered Farnsworth Quot for we have made up our minds 44 but perhaps i might take up with your offer of two a a no 44 but hold on a moment. I declare rather than have the thing blow Over now i would Como Back to my old offer of seven teen Hundred 44 no sir. Its no use for we done to want your 44 but Tho Mill privilege 1 44 nor do to want that 14 but Quot cried Tatnall in a frenzy of alarm 44 let the land go and Tako the water privilege and give me what Yon like for it Only put up a Good Mill there even if you a you take it for for nothing Quot 44 you Are too late sir Quot returned fares Worth with a look and tone of contempt. 4 had you at aral acted Tho part of a Man Yoa would not Only have got a Good round Price for your water privilege and your land which we wanted but All your other property would Havo been enhanced in value one Hundred per cent. You thought we were in your Power and you would overreach us but you will find in the end that at this time at least you Havo Over readied yourself Quot John Tatnall shrank away into his House and lie had a bitter Pill to suck upon. The two Young men returned to Simon Winthrop a House and informed him that they should accept his offer. So papers were at once made out and a messes. Farnsworth Ridgely amp Winthrop commenced business in Good Earnest. The saw mall was commenced upon immediately and at the tame time men were set at work cutting out the canal. No leu than eighty men were thus employed and the 4 store was built at once. The greater part of these men took pay for their work in land reserving Only enough Timber on it for their own building purposes and by the next summer those of them who had families moved them in. The grist Mill we put up in due time and by the second autumn quite a Village of snug warm log huts had gone up. After this the Colony flourished and grew. Great number i of hands were employed during the Winter in Felling lumber and when it we sawed it could be rafted and run out to a a by the High tide of the Spring and fall. Those who came to cot lumber saw the nature of the soil when the Snow we gone and they took no lots for farms. At the end of eight years the wild Ernen we changed into a Village and Meurs. Farnsworth Ridgley amp Winthrop were wealthy and respected. A flourishing Village had grown up about them All upon their own lauds their store did a Good bus Ines and their land we continually yielding them immense profits. A school House Hail been Pat no for three years and that fall my the finishing touch put upon a handsome Choich. And where we John Tatnall All this while 1 he still lived upon his Fonn seven Miles up the River and he had grown poor in flesh almost to a Skeleton. His Power of pinching his neighbors we gone for no one now we obliged to do business with him. He saw that Village grow no and he saw poor honest Winthrop become wealthy and respected and he knew that All this might have been upon his own land if he had been an honest honorable Man but it we Loo late now. He could Only look upon his own wilderness and then upon the a railing lands of his neighbor and the canker ate into his soul and made him miserable. In time the settlement extended up the River and the Stout Trees upon John Tatnall a land began to give place to houses end barns but John Tatnall did not live to see it nor to profit by it. His Chagrin and envy bad killed him and in the Lut hour the Man who had All his lifetime made it a Rule of practice to overreach All with whom he had dealings we himself overreached by that Power against which no Art of Earth can prevail. Bell of spiritualism. We extract from the july number of the Anur. Ican journal of i inanity a beef abstract of or. Dell s paper read at the meeting of insane Hospital suprent Eydenta in this City for which much inquiry Public and private has been made. It will be recollected that or. Dell read n paper on what Are called the Quot spiritual Phenomena Quot supplementary to one which he pc enter at the last meeting of the association at Washington of which no report has Ever been made by re quest of several member. They considered that the whole subject was then to immature and so much connected in the Public mind with the ridiculous As to make it inexpedient that it should be Inore thin announced generally As among the topics disc used by the association. As it is in Dert Lood that these paper will not be published a their basis being much in certain Domestic sex. Perenc Csc it i thought Best to present a Brief sum Mary of Fth leading facts and Row courier. Bell commenced by expressing his a or prison in finding Lut year that at so Large a meeting of persons whose lives wore spent in investigating the reciprocal influences of mind and body scarcely a single member had Given n moments attention to a topic directly in his path which whether regarded As merely an epidemic mental delusion or As n psychological science was producing such momentous effects upon Tho world. It a now said to number Over two millions of believers had an extended literature a talented periodical press Many forms and had co plainly taken fut hold on Many minds of sober Ness and Power. To was Well aware How easily it we turned to ridicule and that her were Many who would to ready Louk when they saw Hospital directors seriously discussing the spiritual Phenomena quit Cus Oditt Itsos cd slopes 1 but if there was any class of men who had duties in this direction it we those of our speciality. Our reports contain Tho record of Many cases of insanity said to have been produced by it. It was important whether True or false or mixed that its precise depth length and nature should be studied out. A is Well known mystery always loses loses its terrific character when boldy met and opened to Tho might of Noonday. Bell remarked that on his return Home from our meeting at Washington he to had a Peculiar wish to verify his previous observations on what Are technically known u the physical manifestations of this new science. To could not pretend to doubt i personal observations addressed to his sight hearing and touch Anil separated u he believed from any possibility of error or collusive fraud. Yet Tho offer by professor Mcnery of a Large Sam to any person who would Mako Ono of his tables move in the smithsonian institution and to obvious incredulity of Many of Tho Quot Brethren Quot had induced the desire again to see Somo full nud unequivocal experiments in table moving an Opportunity we not Long on the occasion of the visit of n Well known gentleman Long connected with the insane and who Nevei Hod seen any of these Pho Nomen at the Asylum or. Boll invited him to go to a family where a Milium of considerable Power was visiting. Tho family we one of the most respectable of the Vicinity Tho head of it being a gentleman entrusted with millions of dollars of other Peoples Money As the financial Man Agor of a Large banking institution. He and his wife had for some years been perfectly convinced of the spi Lual character of these manifestations. The medium we a Young lady of eighteen or Twenty of very a Light figure weighing eighty or ninety pounds and had discovered herself to be a medium while on a visit to these Distant relatives. A family from character and pail Ion More entirely beyond the suspicion of even winking at anything like fraud or irregularity does not exist in Tho world. They were so fortunate u to find the medium at Home and the Circle we Mado of the five persons mentioned. The Ordinary manifestation a Frap. Beating of musical tunes and responses to mental and spoken question were very completely presented As Well m the More Monta of the table under Tho Mere Contact of filing Era ends. Finding that things appeared very favourable o a full exhibition of what he wished to be u evinced by the very facile movements of the table under Contact or. Bell proposed trying the grand Experiment us Milis of the physical manifestation a the movement of the table without any Contact direct or indirect. He we permitted to arrange thing to Anil himself and began by opening the table More widely and inserting two movable table leaves which incr owed the length from about Rix to perhaps nine or ten feet. This he fell also gave him an Opportunity to see and upset Alt wires and mechanism concealed or at least to answer Poat ively a to their non Exia Tance. The table we a solid Structure of Black Walnut with six carved legs a the whole of Soch a weight that when the Culores were All in the right line for to lion he could jut Start it by the full grup of the thumb and fingers of both hands. The persons stood on the tides of the table three and two and Back from its Edge about eighteen inches. A or. Bellia Tome six feet two Nohea in bight he averred that to had no diff out in seeing Between the table and the Persona of All present. The Banda were raised Over it at about the ume High of a foot and a half. At a request the table commenced its motion with moderate Speed occur Only hailing and then gliding on a foot or two at once. It seemed u if its motion would have been continuous if the Handa above it had followed along Pari pass. Reaching Tho folding doors dividing off the two Parlours and which were open it Road Over an Iron Rod on which projected half or three quarters of an Inch above Tho level of the carpet. It then entered the other parlor and went its whole length until it came near the pier Glass at its end a Center table having been posted guide by one of the parly to allow its free Intercourse at request for they during this Lime spoke u if to actual beings the motion we rever a eds and it returned until it again reached the Iron Rod. Here it stuck. The Tahle Hove creaked and struggled but All in vain it could not surmount the obstacle Tho medium we then 1�?o impressed by Tho spirits a to write and seizing a Pencil hastily wrote that if the fore legs were lifted Over the bar they i. O., the spirits thought they could posh Tho others Over. This we Dono and the motion kept on. Once or twice or. Bell requested All to withdraw a Little further from the table 41 to see 44 How far the influence would it we found that whenever a much greater distance say two feet was reached the movement ceased and a delay of three of Lour of Tutei occurred before it recommenced giving the idea hat if broken off a certain re accumulation of Force we needful to put it in motion again. The table reached the upper end of the parlor from which it had started Bat was left Somo four Feo from Tho medium line of the room. Bell expressed the thanks of Tho company for Tho very Complete exhibition with which they had been favored but remarked that Tho obligation would to enhanced if the 44 spirits a a would move the table about four feet at right angles so that Tho chairs would come right for their late occupants. This was immediately done and Tho performance was deemed so perfectly full and satisfactory that nothing Moro we asked at ii a a a a a a a. Bell was understood to say that this made some five or six times in which had seen the table move without human Contact and All under circumstance apparently As free from suspicion As this just re lated. He also stated that the Rev. 11 Clergyman of extraordinary sagacious perceptions and mechanical skill took this same medium to his own House with out previous thought where she never be fore had been and where his own table in the Prisenco of his own family alone went through Tho fullest locomotion without human touch. Bell mentioned that his last Experiment that just narrated the entire space moved through we Over fifty feet or. Bell then passed to the topic of re a ponces to mental and verbal questions and gave several narratives of Long conversations with what purported to be the spirits of persons dead for Twenty five to forty years in which every question he could devise relating to their Domestic history and to events in it known Only to them and him and been truly answered. Some of the subjects put mentally i. E., without speak ing or writing had half a dozen Correct re plies forbidding of course completely on any doctrine of chances the contingency of Accident or coincidence As such mental questions per be negative the explanation of previous knowledge on the part of the medium. A Brief abstract of one of these will give Agenora idea of their character. Bell had frequently remarked to his41 spiritual a a friends that if any medium could reproduce the essential particulars of a final interview which had occurred Between himself and a de ceded brother in 1826, he should be almost compelled to admit that it came from his spirit because he was sure that he or. Bell never had communicated it to any living being. Hence u it had never been known but to two persons and was of so Peculiar Well marked a character As not Tobe capable of being confounded by generalities to should hardly be Able otherwise to explain it. A few weeks afterwards what purported to be the spirit of that brother narrated the essential particulars of the interview the place where Down to the Well recollected fact that he iras adjusting the stirrups of his horse preparatory to a Distant journey when it was held pretty Early however in his i Vestiga Lions or. Bell began to find that however Correct his spiritual conferees were in moot of their re sponges the Momenta question was pot involving a response the troth of which we unknown to him uniform failure occurred. Sometimes where he believed at the time that his questions were ouly answered subsequent information had shown him that he had been mistaken. He bad answers which he believed to be True when the fac is wore decidedly otherwise. Pursuing this train of inquiry to found the a a spirits Quot while averting that they could see him distinctly 44 Faco to never Sauld read the signatures taken from an old file and unfolded without hit hating seen the writing. Yet As soon he had cast Bis Eye upon the signature without allowing any one else to see it it we promptly and correctly reproduced by the alphabetical rapping. And again when he had made a previous arrangement with his family that they shoo j do certain things every Quarter of an boor at Home be of course not knowing what while he we Louk the Quot spirit Quot what we done at the instant uniform failure occurred. He proved too that the theory of the44 spiritualists Quot to meet such difficulties Viz that evil or trifling Spirite interfered at Muir end of Tho Telegraph we not tenable. For the re a ponces just before and after True Rose failures had been eminently and wonderfully accurate and the 44 spirits a a not Only declared that they my with perfect dear Ness what we going on at Hie Boose Bat denied that there bad been any interruption or interference. Bell also gave examples where Tut qution involving replies unknown to the interrogator had Bun designedly intermixed with those which wore known. The result uniformly a As that the known responses however curious and Lar Remote were correctly reproduced the unknown were a set of perfectly wild and blundering error the responses often being obviously formed oct of the phraseology of the question u a stuck school boy guesses out a reply 1 the result of Tho inquiries of or. Bell and Bis friends for several of eminently fitting talents pursued the investigation with him we briefly this that what the questioner knows the spirits know what the questioner does not know the spirits Are entirely ignorant of. In other words that there Are really no superhuman agencies in the matter at ally no connection with another Stato of existence but that it bears certain Strong an logic to some of the experiences of Clairvoyance in that mysterious science of animal magnetism u it he been protruding and recoding Lor Tho Lut Hundred years. Bell thought there was some recon to believe that the matter reproduced May Como not Only from Tho questioner but if in Tho mind of any one at the Circle that it might be evolved. He Mode some observations upon the Evide Noee of spirit existence drawn from the character of Tho matter communicated by the mediums in a state of impression when u in believed spirits Espreu themselves through Tho human agent. 01 course the Quality of such composition is More or less a question of taste. Mueh of it is elevated Indi eating High intellectual and moral capacities in the mind to which it owes its origin. Much Mote is absurd puerile and disgusting infinitely below the Grade of the human productions of Tho Samo persons from whom it professedly comes. Yet the spiritual revelation he Given us nothing of such extraordinary value or Novelty As to stamp it in Tho Jod Mont of unprejudiced minds As of a i ii Rubuano production. Alluded to a treatise which had been put into his hands by an Earnest spiritualist purporting to be Tho work of Thomas Rune the author of 14 Tho age of Quot to., which was thought would carry conviction to anybody u i purported to be a foil explanation of the formation and changes of this Earth by one who from his situs must know All about it. Tho truth we that the work we the production of some mind celestial or mundane ignorant of the very first rudiments of chemical philosophy in which the Moat ridiculous blunders were made on every Page in matters which Aro a demonstrable u mathematics and where of course Tho answer cannot he made that the revelation we too High Tor common readers. Nor does or. Bell believe from Bis observations that the Waters from this Fountain Ever reach a higher level than their source. Tho Moet elevated specimen of the spiritual literature would no doubt to found in Tho communications from Swedenborg and lord Bacon in judge Edmond a and or. Doit re a first and second volumes. Yet whoever reads Tho vory elegant and powerful preliminary treatises of these gentlemen which or. Bell thought would compare favourably with any writings of the kind Ever published would not be Able to feel that Swedenborg and lord Bacon after their nearly one and More than two acc Turov residence respectively amid the culture and refined senses of the Superior spheres had More than equalled their a pretending amanuensis still in a a the Vale of or. Bell paid a glowing tribute to Tho character of judge Edmonds. He did not believe that modern history could Lur Nosb an example of a More Noble chivalrous self sacrificing Devotion to what he believes to to the altar of truth than that gentleman had evinced. Is had not hesitated to mar fico the loftiest political and professional prospects As Well As some portion of a Well de served social influence to his to Days of the martyrs were not Over although the Days of the Faggot the Croes and the stake might be. When judge Edmonds promptly and decidedly told a political committee which waited upon him to announce that he must abandon Bis High judicial of file or suppress his Book that he would be bought at no such Price he stood m Noble As one of the army of martyrs m any Church has canonised or. Beil concluded by the expression of Bis full convictions that while the Faith in spirits must be Given up a a being connected with these facts it we a topic whether re Gar Jelt Las a physical Novelty or tvs As a delusion cutting deeply Ioto the very religious natures of our people which was Worth our fullest examination. There were great novel inter i tag facts Here. They had not Bem treated fairly and respectfully of they should Hare been. The effect waa that Tho Community knowing that her were facts in human senses could k trusted at a ii went away from l.��4 a he uld Havo 1 thrown Light upon the Rory Trie hut who would or Evald not to those who gave some explanation even if it waa one which uprooted All previous forms of religions Faith. He hoped that Tho members of this Amoco action who were u much required to examine this topic As any order of men except per ape. A a clergy would not be a raw of looking it in the face from any apprehensions of ridicule or of degrading their dignity. Gray inquired if there were any per

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