Bennington Banner Newspaper Archives Feb 2 1966, Page 13

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Bennington Banner (Newspaper) - February 2, 1966, Bennington, Vermont Vermont Gardener what to do with a slope by Pete Mattoon total number second Section Page thirteen Arlington. A step Bank is often a problem. Even though sods Are used to cover the slope it is difficult to mow. Of a Power Mower is used getting the machine to the top is not always easy. Planting ground hugging roses is not entirely satisfactory. They cover the area but the weeds that Spring up Between the canes Are not attractive. On top of weeds the leaves that accumulate in the fall Are More of a problem to gather and remove. A of other ground cover plants can to get tried. In the North of the soil is Light and acid and lacking in humus bearberry Uva Ursi or the ground hugging co Berry vac Yinlum Vitis idea do Well especially in new England and nearby states. Either one should be bought As sods and enough should tie bought to completely cover the slope. The bearberry never Over five inches in height has tiny Evergreen leaves and Small White or Pale Pink blossoms that Are followed by Small red fruit. Co Berry has Small Glossy leaves and Pink Flowers in clusters followed by tasteless dark red Blueberry like berries. An alternative but More expensive is to build a series of Small terraces which Are held up by a series of Short dry Walls. Carefully choose the stones and place plenty of Good soil for the plants in the crevices. Each Wall should be not More than two feet final clearance of Winter Stock tremendous values for Tho a a a a Iai. R b j 4 j country casuals 415 main Street Bennington Vermont in height with each Terrace sort of a shelf for growing All kinds of Choice flowering plants in the dry Wall can be set those that love to get their roots into Cool soil at the Back of the stones. Here succulents will thrive or some of the Fleshy Lew Slas or Ramonda. Q for convenience and appearance a flight of Steps Down the Center or of the Bank is Long Steps on either end May simplify going up and Down. The Steps should also be dry walled against the Bank at the sides giving More space for plants. The crevices in the treads should be planted with thyme. Be sure in constructing the dry Walls to slope them Back into the soil. One other alternative can be considered of a mass of Small Green leaves and clusters of Pink Flowers All summer Long seem desirable and interesting. This is a cursory description of Crown vetch properly known As Coronilla Varia. It is a european herbaceous Plant that thrives in All sorts of soils. In some states it is the preferred Plant for the Steep slopes of Highway cuts. Seeds or roots planted in the poorest kind of soil do Well making such a thick mass of pleasing vegetation that weeds cannot grow up through it. A of we used it on a Long Steep slope in Vermont with Gratifying results. In that Case roots were set 18 inches apart in a Grassy Weed slope cover. In two years the vetch started to kill the grass and weeds. At the end of four years the vetch had taken Over and it has persisted Over since. When last seen it was a mass of attractive Pink Flowers from late june until the Frost finished them september and it required no care. If the location requires neater Plant cover it is possible to mow the Crown vetch once or twice a year or with a sickle the occasional protruding growth can be Cut off to maintain a More even height. During the Winter the leaves will drop but the remaining mass of Brown is not unattractive. Of us. Farms shrinks in �?T65 Burlington a the total number of american farms continued to shrink in 1965, or. Verle r. Houghaboom has reported. The Ulm Extension economist said that a Little under 3.4 million farms were in operation last year a 3 per cent decline from a year earlier. Totals declined in 47 states including Vermont and stayed the same in three. None showed an increase in the number of farms. Although farm totals dropped 3 per cent total land in farms was Down less than i per cent he noted. This continued the modern trend of fewer but larger farms. A since 1959, the number of farms has dropped 20 per cent while farm land has decreased Only 3 per cent or. Houghaboom said. A obviously As some Farmers left agriculture other Farmers bought the land and consolidated it with their own. Up to a certain Point and depending on the Type of agriculture involved larger units permit better and More economical use authorities expected the trend to continue this year he reported with another 110,000 farms in the nation due to discontinue production. Again most but not All of the land will be added to neighbouring farms through lease or Purchase. He explained that As the Urban population spilled into the Rural areas and the population became More Mobile the sup ply demand relationship forced prices of land and labor upward. Increasingly capital was substituted for labor usually in the form of mechanical and chemical inputs. A naturally As investment increased a Farmer needed More production to handle his debts Quot he noted. A for various reasons Many persons were unable or unwilling to follow this pattern of growth and left farming. So in recent years we be seen declining numbers of Farmers consolidation of the better farm land into larger units and rapid mechanization. A some Call it the farm revolution. Others Call it the squeeze of the wringer but regardless of what you Call it it s a major fact of modern american life. Everyone regardless of his line of work should be informed of the changes because directly or indirectly they affect All of Bennington Anner 0. A wednesday february 2, i9h6 Bennington Vermont 1 7 7 it Extension agent s report the woodchuck s Shadow and other useful rules of thumb for Farmers by John c. Page University of Vermont f jct ens Ion agent Over a period of time we get to believing the business about the woodchuck seeing his Shadow. Why should t we we generally get six weeks More of Winter anyhow. We get to believing a lot of things that were passed on Down to us by the preceding generations. Now one of our local sages claims that if you have a cow with mastitis All you have to do is go Down to the Brook and Cut a Hole in the ice reach Down into the icy cold water and get a round Stone. Then you rub the cows udder with the Stone. Presto no More mastitis. Jim Edgerton up in Arlington tried this and says its a Good idea if you happen to have the need for an ice pack on your right Arm but he was unable to get any results on the mastitis Factor. A a a a Farmers do have a lot of a rules of thumbs they use. One of them is that today ground hog Day you should have half of the Winter feed Supply on hand. It works pretty Good. Why it it is about half Way Between stabling and turnout time. Another Rule of thumb is that a Pound of Grain is about equal to iv2 pounds of Good Hay in feed value. If you Short a cow 7v2 pounds a Day Oil Hay you can be just As Well off if you replace it with five pounds of Grain. With emergency Grain sell ing for less than $50 a ton this Means you have to buy Hay for around $35 or else you feed Grain. There a another Rule of thumb that just about too per cent of our Farmers could heed when the ventilating fan in the barn is covered with Sticky dust its air moving capacity is Cut Down by 50 per cent. It pays to spend a few minutes cleaning it off with a feed bag. Those of you who done to use feed bags because you Are on bulk Grain will have to use your shirt Tail perhaps but do it. Another Rule of thumb that Farmers Are now suffering from or not suffering from is the Date of cutting last years Hay. During the month of june Hay loses one half of i per cent of total digestible nutrients per Day. It drops some after that too. You see this Means there is a lot of difference in Hay Cut june 15 when compared to june 30. We have to reverse this for Corn. Corn that is harvested 3 weeks before it reaches the hard Dent stage has Only 75 per cent of the feed value of mature com. Some Farmers have what they Call a a brain when they mow it it Rains and gets the Hay wet. This worked like a clock until 1964 and 1965 and in those years it took a Good Man to get Hay wet on any Field. A of a some Farmers practices cause people who done to understand animals to have fits. Too Many people who done to really know much about farm animals think that because people prefer 70 degree temperature that animals do too. They think that animals which Are running Loose in open housing in february must be suffering. Actually we try to keep our closed stables at 45-50 degrees. If they get our 70 degrees production drops and cows Are uncomfortable. On the Low end cows Are comfortable at 30 degrees and done to show much change until it gets lower but of course we freeze up the water pipes. All Farmers know that Many kinds of cattle will go out in a blizzard and stand around when they can readily enter a warm protected area any time they want to. What they done to like and can to tolerate is to be wet and cold at the same time. Neither do they like draft places. When dry they like and can stand Zero weather just As easy As us hairless creatures can take 60 degrees. Horses commonly stand out in foul weather place their backs to the wind and go to sleep. Animals normally grow longer denser Coats of hair to stand this and you can get into trouble moving animals from warm places immediately into cold places. Generally speaking if you give a farm animal a Good dry place to sleep and keep her dry and break the wind Shell take whatever the Vermont Winter and the woodchuck brings us. You see they have a different a Rule of thumbs than we do and a lot More hair to protect them. A of some other rules of thumb for Farmers Are that Young cattle with external parasites lice will gain a Pound a Day less than clean ones. Even greater sometimes. That a cow with less than two months dry period will not do As Well As last year in the milk pail. That a Farmer who works on moving machinery should carry hospitalization insurance and All this because of the woodchuck which survives a very Well thank you in spite of bullets dogs gassing boxes and even our cold Winters. Anyhow done to put the Snow lows away yet forester Calls for Quality in Christmas Trees Barre a a Cornell University forester has challenged Vermont and new Hampshire Christmas tree growers to provide a Good Quality tree at a reasonable Price. A Quality is your Best weapon in your Competition with artificial Trees Quot prof. Alex Dickson . State College of Agri culture told the growers at their meeting Here last week. He told growers they could have a greater share of the Market if they improve the Quality of their Trees. He said Canadian producers Are becoming More Quality conscious and Are beginning to carry out cultural practices to improve Quality. Bennington a a Al thurs., fri., sat., feb. 3, 4, 5 for value plus on All men s clothing shop Burt Bros. Men s dungarees Burh Bros. Boys sport shirts a Quot now 2.35 $3.9 now 3.15 sweaters menus sport shirts one group 2.99

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