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Bakersfield Californian Newspaper Archives Oct 22 1972, Page 5

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Bakersfield Californian (Newspaper) - October 22, 1972, Bakersfield, California 4,000 said slain in Uganda Nairobi Kenya of a ugandan sources including exiles in several East african countries estimate that 3.000 military personnel and 1,000 civilians have been killed since president Idi Amin took Power in a coup 21 months ago. They say thousands More have been beaten detained or intimidated. The sources say Amin is steadily purging the country of african intellectuals As Well As religious and tribal opponents considered potential threats to the Kampala military regime amines aim is to eliminate any possible nucleus of future opposition and he May be near that goal the sources say on the surface life in Kampala is close to Normal following the defeat of anti join guerrillas who invaded from Tanzania a month ago military guards have been withdrawn from government offices and Road blocks have been dismantled. But the ugandans drawing on reports received from Uganda picture the country As deeply dislocated by a Campaign to consolidate a dictatorship in which Uganda a moslem minority is dominant. They say a hundreds of shops Are closed in the exodus of Noncitizen asians ordered by Amin. Producing shortages in consumer items from Salt and sugar to shoes and toothpaste fewer than to shops were reported still open in Mbale a town of 15,000 a departure of the asians who operated most of Uganda a Small businesses has thrown As Many is 75.000 africans out of work. Many Empi Oyes have left towns to live with relatives on Rural family plots. A in some african villages Only women and children re main. The men have been rounded up by soldiers or have fled into the Bush. A new decree giving troops Powers to arrest without warrants has Only legalized the already chaotic Security conditions. A Many schools Are closed or holding half Day sessions because asian teachers along with american and european Volunteer ers. Have left the country. Some Industrial plants Are preparing to close whenever machinery tweaks Down because repairmen Are no longer available. A local government has virtually stopped functioning in some districts. A a secret network of Soldier spies has undermined discipline in the army. Soldiers Are encouraged to go Over their officers Heads and take complaints personally to Amin. Because of restrictions on newsmen in Uganda parts of these stories cannot be checked. But the reports Are broadly confirmed a and often in detail by diplomatic and other Independent sources. Exiles were interviewed under elaborate Security precautions at several locations within Eastern Africa. They declined to be quoted by name and More than one said he feared for his life. Ugandans Loyal to Amin have been reported attempting to Kidnap exiles in Nairobi and Kisumu a Northwestern Kenya town near the ugandan Border. One exile said a ugandan believed to have been on filipino president signs land decree Manila up president Ferdinand e. Marcos claiming Success for his martial Law administration signed a decree saturday designed to narrow the Gap Between the Rich and poor by enabling an estimated 700.000 filipino peasants to own a family sized farm of 12.5 acres each. Marcos said the decree prepared in his own handwriting will a remove the social roots of communist rebellion which prompted him to proclaim martial Law sept. 23. Reporting to the nation on the accomplishments o f martial Law after four weeks Marcos said authorities have succeeded in checking anarchy subversion criminality and corruption. He said 30.438 unlicensed or High powered fire arms a enough to Arm three full sized army divisions a had been seized and credited the Roundup with a 70 per cent decrease in the crime rate of greater Manila. In addition he said 4,865 government officials and employees were dismissed while More than 500 wanted criminals were arrested in a cleanup of the bureaucracy and of crime syndicates Marcos said the results of the increased Law and order came in offers of additional foreign investments particularly with regard to Oil exploration. He said the prices of prime commodities Are Down and government workers have adopted a new code of conduct. In making his land decree Marcos said a this decree symbolizes the emancipation of the tenants from bondage to the soil and transfers to them ownership of the land Thev he said the land the Farmers will now own will be paid for in equal annual instalments Over a 15-year period through farming cooperatives to be established throughout the country. Stir afr sir Ealion Titan sunday pct. 22,1972 5 store hours downtown to to 5 30, Fri. To 9-Valley Plaza to to 9, sat. To 5 30, Sun. 12 to 5 Amin s wanted list was found hanged from a Roadside tree near Nairobi. Of ugandan exiles totalling several thousand several Hundred Are in Kenya. About too of these could be classified As intellectuals. Many have found lobs and some have changed their names. They disclaim any political activity under agreement with authorities who allow them to stay in Kenya. A larger group in Tanzania mostly followers of socialist former of resident Milton Obote. Includes remnants of the Defeated guerrilla invasion Force. There is Little Contact Between the two groups exiles in Kenya say. A those who want to fight went to Tanzania and those who want to live their own lives came to Kenya a one exile said. 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