Bakersfield Californian in Bakersfield, California 5 Jun 1944
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Bakersfield Californian (Newspaper) - June 5, 1944, Bakersfield, California
The Heath or temp feature hush Ornt it Day 92 Law today. Rainfall Frason Airport. B of tear Nan la port �,�4 Benson land company. Fijo tear or Quot land company 11.46 to recast fair and warm today and tuesday. For Victory buy More War Bonds Stamps vol. 56 two sections Bakersfield California monday june 5, 1944 22 pages no. 265yanks Chase nazis North of Rome As mop up squads occupy capital amp Allied bombers smash invasion ports la. S. Forces surge across tiber after liberating City Clark Calls take stepping Stone to German surrender 600 enemy tanks vehicles destroyed highways Bridges bombed to halt Retreat All Alban Hills in Allied hands planes blast Boulogne area France gets 13,000 tons of explosives in 72 hours Road rail communications ripped r. A. F. Smashes coast target London june 5. Up a approximately 1250 american heavy bombers Aud fighters leading an Allied Aerial assault of powerful proportions against the fortified French a Oast smashed military installations in the Boulogne and Calais areas today with an estimated 2200 Short tons of bombs. Ibis was the fourth attack in a Row again the Pas de Calais the area of France Johnston urges Russia Jade economic agreement sought for countries Allied bombers disrupt roil communications Between Germany and German armies in Italy forcing enemy to use up Scorce trucks and precious Gas to Supply and reinforce troops on Southern fronts. Moscow. June 5. Up a the United states and Russia will live in different economic ways for a j Long time to come but there is no i reason Why they cannot co operate practically in mutually profitable postwar Trade. Erie Johnston presi Dent of the United states chamber i 200 of Commerce told soviet Trade Lead j bristling closest to England and it came after b. A. F. Bombers attacked French coast object lives Aud targets in Cologne Germany last night. Watchers on the English coast facing Boulogne could see enemy rocket shells rising from the j ground leaving a thin White Trail of smoke and exploding High in tim air. American bomber forma i tons were Over Paris at noon today the German radio at the French capital Asse a of. Berlin reported that russian planes were Over Hungary last night. Since june began the More than Miles of French coast line with German guns has by Kobert Vermillion United press War correspondent Allied Headquarters Naples june 5. Or lieutenant general Mark a. Clark announced today that two partly smashed German armies were in Hight North of borne with the pursuing Allied fifth army pounding across the tiber to Hie cheers of massed thousands of newly liberated romans. T he Advance West of the tiber continues Headquarters reported officially late today. Dark said the nazi Hight above borne was so precipitate that his i if til army had lost Contact with the enemy indicating that the German command was not even putting up a rear guard cover for the disorderly Retreat toward a new defense line. Allied fighter bombers smashed heavily at German traffic North of borne first Axis held capital in Europe to be liberated destroying 150 vehicles. Returning pilots said the Victor signs Power to son lieutenant generally for Humbert planned Rome capture profits Allied capture of Rome after nine months of bitter lighting for tile eternal City gave the allies another stepping Stone to possible springboard action into Marseille Northern Franco Yugoslavia and Germany itself. Ers yesterday. Johnston a a speaking straight from the shoulder and non politically declared a each of our countries should be allowed to pursue its unique economic experiments unimpeded by the Johnston who arrived in Moscow Friday to spend a month surveying russian economic conditions and discussing Trade problems spoke at a luncheon Given by Anastasi i. Miko Yan soviet foreign Trade commissar. Guests included too soviet Trade experts. Members of the foreign affairs commissariat russian military men and United states ambassador Vav. Averell Harriman. At first puzzled by Johnston a Blunt remarks the russians later joined ill laughter at his jibes at american communists marxists and left wingers. A i shall try to show you my admiration for your heroic deeds and Triy gratitude for your hospitable invitation by talking to you from the j Bottom of my heart no politically j and with frankness a Johnston said. A you cannot have solid Friendship it until you have solid understanding. A i am going to Tell you a direct j harsh Tough business fact. In economic ideology and practice my country is different from yours. You Are state minded and collective 1 minded. We Are most private minded j and most individual minded and gentlemen make no mistake we Are determined to remain so and become in Ore so. A there is a Point that must be totally Clear Between us before we can be really co operative friends. I employ some 2000 people. They have minions. I have contracts with those a icons. I believe in the right of my a a i ploys to have unions. Some 13,-00,000 americans now belong to unions. Seine 200 of these unions Are Large enough to be nationally known. Premier of Poland makes u. S. Visit Washington june 3. A a Premier Stanslaw Mikolajczyk is arriving today on an official visit to Exchange views with president Roosevelt and to probe Means for closing the Gap Between Russia and Poland. Acting Secretary of state Stettin ius announced the visit of the polish Premier in this statement a on the invitation of this government the polish prime minister is arriving in Washington today on a visit of Courtesy his first trip to this country since his Assumption of the premiership. Flashes planes rap Al riles Pearl Harbor june 5. army and Navy planes hitting the Buriles again attacked enemy installations within 400 Miles of the japanese Mainland sunday and two Central Pacific search planes Sank one and possibly two patrol vessels West of Truk atoll in the Carolines Friday and saturday. Pacific Fleet Headquarters announced today. I. S. Cruser sink Washington june 3. In do loss of the United states escort Carrier Block Island by enemy action in the Atlantic was announced today by the Navy. Been shaken from end to end by Al i lied bombs. Channel ports bombed it is estimated that Well Over 12.000 j tons of bombs have been dumped on i France by american and British i heavy bombers alone in the last 72 hours. The greater part of this devastating weight of explosives has fallen in the Pas de Calais area and on nazi Strong Points surrounding the Channel ports of Boulogne. Calais Dieppe and Dunke que. The rest has been aimed mostly at Road and rail communications As deep into Northern France As Paris. Sweeping up from Southern Italy Between 500 and 750 heavy bombers of the United states fifteenth air Force made a Strong attempt yesterday to sever two main rail lines Between France and Italy. Force hits Turin one Force hit the Turin Yards the double track mount Cenis Railroad leading West from Turin to Lyon a Bridge on the italian Side of the to Dane Tunnel through the Alps and tracks near St Michel on the French Side. Other bombers singled out the Riviera line bombing a viaduct Southwest of Cannes and the Van River Bridge Southwest of Nice. Still other formations hit the Genoa lanyards and the Recco viaduct to the East the Yards at Novi Legure and the Harbor at Savona both about 25 Miles from Genoa also were targets. Taxi strike continues Portland ore., june 5 he a Portland a taxi cab strike went into its fourth Day As mayor Earl Riley held out today against modifying a new City ordinance requiring cab Drivers to file photographs and fingerprints with police. A the City s 450 cab Drivers Are out. Three other members of til City Council expressed a willingness to Amend tile ordinance to provide for filing of tile photographs and fingerprints in Cal company offices but the mayor branded the Idle Drivers a a minority group trying to dictate the 16 More Jap ships Are sunk Allied planes Pound new Guinea Kuri its Washington. June 5. a United states submarines maintaining their War of attrition against the weakening japanese Supply lines have sunk 16 More enemy ships including one Large transport., one Large cargo vessel and seven medium cargo vessels the Navy announced today. A communique said that the other ships sunk were two Small cargo vessels four medium cargo transports and one Small cargo transport. Navy announcements during the past five weeks told of sinking of 43 japanese ships indicating that United states submersibles Are accounting for an average of better than a ship a Day. By William Phipps associated press War editor the japanese War octopus is running against Ever heavier Allied air blows on five of its far Flung ten ales but Tokyo radio said today a an offensive which will Cut China in two and foil american strategy is ready. Allied Aerial successes were reported in new assaults in new Guinea operations in the Southwest Pacific against the Kurile islands in the North Pacific and on Truk in the Central Pacific. In the vital China theater where chinese troops Are trying to Stop the japanese Advance on Changsha in Hunan province. American airmen harassed the invaders. And in the India Burna theater continued on Page two Vatican City unharmed by Allied bombs Rome capture London june 5. Upit the Vatican radio broadcast a statement by Pope Pius today that Rome is now a table to look with renewed Hope and Faith to her whereas a yesterday Rome was trembling for her sons and false news of stuns Kern English girl sends dispatch practising on teletype machine Warren Appeal for ration Racket end opens session Sacramento june 5. Put spite senator Bradford Crittenden of Stockton today introduced in the Senate a joint Resolution memorializing Congress to delete the 160-acre land limitation from tile Federal reclamation act As it applies to users of Central Valley project water. By Archie Wells june 5. A a j broadened Sacramento. Governor Warren made a personal Appeal today to the legislature which he had convened in special session for the consideration of 35 subjects to pass legislation which will help Federal authorities stamp out rationing racketeering. Quot a i believe there is no reason a he said a Why Tho Good citizens of this state the mothers and fathers of our boys who Are poised on the shores of England for the invasion of Europe should be compelled to sit idly by and watch a group of in the Call for the special session to add three subjects. These were i legislation to Deal with the transmission of typhoid fever through the marketing of cheese made from unpasteurized milk 2 ratification of san Francisco s Purchase of the Market Street railway system plus any needed legislation to effectuate the Purchase and 3 legislation to Aid administration of Federal state programs for education of veterans. By Eleanor Pauk Ord i Mied press staff correspondent Vatican try june 5.�?Vatican City has not been damaged in any Way by the extensive bombing that the allies have delivered to Railroad Yards in Rome. That fact was confirmed today by Harold Titt inane United states envoy to the Vatican who gave me an interview after i h id made my Way into vat i can City territory. Tittmann said he understood that the German and japanese ambassadors to tile holy see planned to remain in Vatican City. The attitude of the Pope toward Allied occupation forces will be the same As it was toward German forces Tittmann said strict neutrality. Works for peace a the Pope is always willing to work for peace a Tittmann said a but i doubt that the fall of Rome will necessarily cause ii in to make any special demarche at tile present time. Tie aniline of the Pope is one of strict neutrality. During the German occupation of Rome uniformed germans were not permitted to go beyond the Gates guarded by the Swiss guards. Nor Are uniformed americans going to be permitted to do although i was permitted to enter St. Peter s Cathedral and roam around parts of Vatican City territory. I was not allowed into tile part of the City where the Pope and the diplomats reside. That was because i had on a War correspondent s Una form. I sent a note in to Tittmann and lie Carne out of tile residential Section of the City to Grant me Hie interview. A a a it a during the 2 bars and 25 Days of my stay in Here a Tittmann said a time went fast because there was so much work to be done in connection with the Vatican a various Freedom of City Tittmann his wife and their two sons Are free to walk around Rome As they please for the first time since Mussolini declared War on the United states. Duce while the germans still occupied Rome Tittmann was permitted to leave Vatican City to visit a dentist and twice a week during the hot weather lie and his family were allowed to go to a Beach near Rome. Yesterday afternoon the Tittmann took pictures from tile windows of their apartment of tile germans retreating through the streets of Rome. While in Vatican City territory i j Learned that the Pope is in Good health although he was said to be deeply distressed by the fighting that goes on in Many places of the world. He is understood to have intensified his work to assist War prisoners on both sides. De world racketeers counterfeit governmental coupons or steal and sell Complex and Olff cult prob genuine ration tickets. At least we should try to put them in our penitentiaries and prevent further breakdown of Law enforcement a Only a few hours before the legislators convened in the second extra session of the year the governor school rehire in his message the governor urged death claims Dix Tok Scott Lem of reforming the Public school teachers retirement system be accomplished without delay. He told the members of the two houses meeting in a joint session to receive his recommendations that continued on la ase two los Angeles june 5. A a death has taken or. George Winfield Scott former Law librarian of Congress and the United states supreme court. Doctor Scott who filled the posts in 1903-1907, died saturday night apparently from a heart attack. Bakersfield momentarily cheered Allied invasion forces saturday when a false dispatch was received stating that general Eisenhower s Headquarters announced Allied landings n France. Radio stations broadcast the associated press Flash and immediately Tho californian s office was swamped with Calls asking it the news was True. Five minutes after tile first Flash was received Here at 1 30 p. Rn., another Flash came Over the a. In wires ordering that the dispatch be killed. For More than an hour until the associated press sent its explanatory Story Kell residents debated whether the invasion had actually started with news held up for official confirmation. The false dispatch hat the allies had landed in France was disseminated in North and South America by that news Agency saturday afternoon and he girl teletype operator whom the associated press said was responsible for its erroneous report was confined in Lier London Home today by nervous exhaustion. Five minutes after carrying tile dispatch the associated press cancelled it but by that time it had been broadcast Over hundreds of radio stations. Baseball games in the United states were halted special prayers were said and tile Telephone switchboards of newspapers and radio stations were flooded with Calls. Immediately upon receipt of the kill order the four major radio networks in tile United states which had interrupted programs to broadcast the false report began broadcasting denials. Some of the newspapers subscribing to the associated press service were preparing extra editions when tile kill order came through. The associated press in a statement from its new York Headquarters. Said the dispatch was due to a transmission error in its London Bureau. An hour later the news Agency issued a supplementary continued on t aide two Naples. June 5. Or a King Victor Emmanuel formally signed Over his Royal Powers to his son Humbert As lieutenant general of tile realm it was announced officially tonight. The King however has not yet abdicated. Naples. June 5. a King Victor Emmanuel of Italy was soiled used to sign today certain documents of state believed to Transfer his Royal Powers to Crown Prince Humbert j All signs indicated that before i Nightfall the King would have for i malty yielded his Royal Power As i he promised april 12 to do w Hen the allies occupied Rome. Victor Emmanuel was prepared i to sign the documents at his closely i guarded Royal Villa this afternoon it was Learned a few hours before tile ceremonial procedure was scheduled. A formal announcement of the King s action was not expected before this evening when general Nelson Macfarlane head of tile Allied Liaison Mission to the Bado Lio government returns to Rome from the Royal Villa. The documents were understood i j constitute the formal creation of. O Ife Nai Merancy for Humbert a i whom till King s Roval Powers would to vested. A constituting the Quot retirement a to which Victor Emmanuel had committed himself. Some sources had expected the pressure Ridden head of Tho House of Savoy to insist that tie Transfer of Power he made from the throne he a Eft so hurriedly nine months ago. However the expected action constituted an implementation of the letter and spirit of the april pledge of a a formal Transfer it Power on Thi Day on w hich Allied troops enter the 74-year-old Victor Emmanuel who stands Only five feet three became King in 190 1 after the assassination of his fatties at Monza near Milam. For a Brief time last july lawns reported to have asserted himself to the extent of informing Benito Mussolini that lie had been replaced As Premier. One of his first acts after he became King was to oppose severe measures against the movement believed to have led to the death of ids father. The parliament was weak. But the new King did not take advantage of the Opportunity to dominate tile government. Harassed nazis were hiding most of their transport under Trees by the Side of tile roads waiting for darkness to protect them from the Low flying Allied warplanes. The Daylight attacks ran the retreating enemy s losses for the past two Days to 13.50 vehicles destroyed or damaged including 750 smashed beyond repair. Up to 500 american heavy bombers ranged along tile railway lines All the Way from the Battle area to the to Valley smashing at half a dozen bottleneck Points including Bologna caste Maggiore Ferrara Forli and Rimini. United press dispatches from Rome bore out the first indications that the City had emerged virtually unscathed from its period of German occupation. They said electric circuits were shorted in some places f. R. To speak tonight on fall of Rome president expected to warn satellites allies Heer Pope the London radio said Pope Pius appeared on tile Balcony of St. Peter s today As crowds cheered and Allied troops marched through i Tome. On the Balcony of the Venice Palace where Benito Mussolini once harangued the romans two Allied soldiers stood today the broadcast said. Twit weak cur. It still As available that the water system was in Good a condition and that Gas expected to be available tonight. A this is a great Day for the fifth Clark told correspondents after his conference with corps commanders to map what he called a further advances 20,00 1 prisoners a we have smashed parts of two German armies taken 20,000 prisoners wrecked great stores of German material. I would like to give credit to the air Force which has done magnificent work. I Alst a Gold like to pay tribute to the men and women of tin fifth army win made the supreme sacrifice so a could carry United press correspondents in Rome reported that tile City had taken on a carnival air As italians jammed the downtown streets to cheer and fling Flowers at american trucks and tanks. United states trucks were pouring food anti supplies into the City. Italian volunteers maintained or Der in some of the suburbs. Manx continued on paso two Washington june 5. Us a president Roosevelt will proclaim the fall of Rome to the nation and the world tonight in a 15-minute fireside Chat expected to remind the Axis satellites perhaps for the last time that they must get out of the War now or share the certain destruction awaiting Germany. He will speak from 5 30 to 5 45 p. Al Pacific War time. The address will be broadcast by ail major networks and shortwave to Europe and the rest of the world. A White House announcement saying simply that the chief executive would speak on the fall of Rome came As members of Congress and other High officials hailed the fall of the first Axis capital to Allied armies aiming at Berlin. Or. Roosevelt was expected to take occasion in his address to express his gratification for preservation of Rome a historic and religious shrines and to reassure Pope Pius Xii that the allies would observe the sovereignty and Sanctity of the Vatican some quarters believed that the president would Appeal strongly to the nazi satellites to get out of the War while it was still possible and urge the people of Northern Italy to help the advancing Allied troops redeem the rest of their country. Senate amendment takes food subsidies from opa Washington. June 5. It up it a the Senate swept aside protests of majority Leader Barkley by today by amending legislation extending the Price and wage stabilization act to prohibit payment of food subsidies after june 30. 1945 without j congressional direction. It adopted by a vote of 50 to 22, an amendment prohibiting after that Date either subsidy payment or government buying of commodities for the purpose of Selling them at a loss to keep consumer costs Down unless the Money a has been approx printed by Congress for such Barkley declared the people generally and even the Farmers were a reasonably satisfied with the subsidy program w Hile senator Maloney a Conn. Warned a we May be setting up dangers which will prove great a Maloney asserted that the office of Price administration is in a better position than Congress to determine w Hen subsidies arc necessary. All the 22 votes against the amendment were cast by democrats. Opening tile administration s final i drive to extend the Price wage stabilization act without substantial change. Senator Wagner d x. A told the Senate today that tampering vvi111 living Cost controls might seriously disturb the morale of both civilians at Home and men fighting overseas. Wagner chairman of the Senate Hanking committee quoted Secretary of War Stimson and the late Navy Secretary Knox As agreeing that a weakening of tile program might give false Hopes about Early termination of the War. And might disturb the morale of tile civilian worker and Soldier in the Field As Well As his family at on Cotton tile new yorker touched Only briefly on the Bankhead Cotton textile pricing amendment most controversial Issue in the pending Bill continued on pus Tho Index to advertisers Page Abrams or. R. Of. 9 Acme finance co. 5 Arvin theater. 9 Atz Smith furniture. 5 Austin studio. A Bool ii s 2 Boulevard Stop. 5 Brock s3 Brundage pharmacy. 5 Circle Auto laundry to citizens laundry. .5-7lark. Doctor. 5 Curiton. John a. I Dorsey. Jimmy. 9 East Side cleaners. 3 Edwards. Or. E. P. To fir Hinger Digier. To a food City. 3 Fox Heaters. 9 Bales. 5 Garrison s5 i Globe drug stoic. 5 i Granada theater. 9 Greenlawn cemetery. .0 i Hopson mortuary. ,11-a i vers furniture. 6 Kern. 6 Kern fish Market. 4 Lim. To. 7 Mortensen Walter. 5 or. And mrs of radio Fame. 5 new City cleaners 5 Nora a Beauty Salon. 5 Pennington or. L. A. 5 Phillips music co. 6 Ralph s shoe shop. 5 Rialto theater. 9 River theater. 9 stauffer system. A Union cemetery1-a-ll-a Vaughty a tailoring service 7 v. F. Vav. Post no. 1468 a a 3 Virginia theater. 9 War loan Campaign. A Weill a. To Wickersham a. Yosemite National Park. A 2
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