Page 4 of 18 Jul 1936 Issue of Bakersfield Californian in Bakersfield, California

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Bakersfield Californian (Newspaper) - July 18, 1936, Bakersfield, California 4 the Bakersfield californian saturday jilt 18, i my Garden farm news Orchard Short pops is prevalent Over state bul local condition better it by Early Spring frosts Vine Yard of California will yield a i Hort crop till year particularly of fresh Raisin grains but Kern county s crop escaped and is better than Normal in both Quantity and Quality according to assistant farm adviser n. I. Hudson. With first shipment already made to new York the favourable Market Ltd Adf Lon has been reflected in retsina of excellent prices received. According to a Federal state crop report received by or. Hudson the wine grape crop is estimated at 429,-�?�hk tons compared with 671,000 last year the fresh Raisin Gnu a crop at 94,000 ton compared with 1.248,000 last year and the table grape crop at >04.000 tons. Compared with 376, 000 hut year. All factors favourable other factors Tut favor goal Price this year adviser Hudson a Ald for the first time in several years there is a negligible carry Over from the former year a Raisin crop in addition consumer demand and buying Power have increased materially. And foreign markets Are absorb tag More dried fruits. While the summer to Date has 1 teen marked by More than the usual humidity there has been no and Teaton that there will be extreme development of grate mildew the re port to the adviser stated it i also too Early to determine what the development of Leaf Hopper May in although some report indicate these insects May is More abundant than i a year ago. In a respect however Kern county is in a very favor Able position. Or. Hudson said f out Ila Mig acreage the county has 17,600 acres planted to grape. A steadily increasing flow into j wine Barr is of the state is seen by the crop reporting service. In 1932 99.000 ton of All Type of grapes were crushed this increased to 440.000 in 1933 and 630,000 in 1934. It jumped again to 87.000 ton last year. I Iris Krut granulation still baffles scientists ated Prest heated wire i i of Anh elks july 18.�?six years of research by the Citrus Experiment station at Riverside have failed to find a cure for Orange and Lemon granulation according to or. L. H. It arthelor. A granulation or drying of Citrus products in the coastal area will continue to be a major problem to which five scientists will devote time to solving Quot or told directors of the California fruit growers Exchange a we have surveyed irrigating sprays fertilizers and other cultural practices and we have continued Field and Laboratory studies but we Are still faced with conflicting exceptions to and one cause. A individual tree variation is great with some Trees producing dry fruit year after year and others spasmodic from year to doctor Batchelor listed the Hest leads developed to Date As Dud selection or Root Stock changing the chemical Content of dry fruit Low Winter temperatures irrigation improvements. Raul s. Armstrong general manager announced a new Fleur Osro Pic method is being studied in Chicago for segregating granulated and fruit. Of perfected it will better enable the Exchange to keep dry fruit off the Market and also save cutting Large quantities of Good fruit Armstrong said. Flower tricks infectious brain disease prevalent among this Valier Stock s f u. C. Poultry Man at world Parley Berkeley july . J. I Carh. Professor of veterinary science in the University of California on the Berkeley Campus has been named As one of the United states delegates to the sixth world s poultry Congress to tie held in let zip Fig Germany july 24 to August 2. Doctor Beach has specialized in diseases of poultry and is one of the Foremost authorities in America on this subject it was for this reason says Dean c. H. Hutchison of the College of agriculture that the United state government is sending him to the International meeting. These world meetings Are held every three year. I Vuk tor Beach attended the first held in the Hague in 1921. At the meeting in Germany this month he will present a paper on virus diseases of poultry. Following the end of the poultry Congreve. Doctor Beach will visit several european institutions to observe the work under Way there in which he la interested he will return to Berkeley some time in september three killed on Road near Bino itto lated Prest or at re Titre Pomona july 18.�? three persons were killed today on the Highway near Chino. A Miles from Here when their automobile crashed into a i wide of 11 Coroner Bema re in a Ralph Hedlun 24 to be or William of two a the paving the Ca he held. Wagon parked Billian y listed Mirphy. The .1 the ban i dead ulnar believed a Abl the vip ii in in m he saw land Mirphy Pomona. Wagon one a was off was Drav quest will ample supplies for coining your despite drought shown in Survey i associated Prest leased it ire Washington july 18.�?a so Elal agriculture department Survey today estimated the nation s food Supply for the next 12 months it j about i in a cent Lesa than in Tho name period of 1934-1936, 3 per cent 1 less than that of 1936-1936 but still i appearing ample for Domestic need. The report a prepared after the drought caused food and feed crop losses in the Grain Belt and covered the 12 months ending with june 1937. Reduced feed supplies in Prospect j this year the Bureau said May re a suit in a reduction in production of 1 meats other than poultry in 1936-1 1 1937 to about 4 Lier cent below Tho amount produced in 1936-1936. It was indicated lard production would lie about 26 int cent greater than last year. Supplies of Dairy products during the 12 month ending june. 1937,1 Are expected to lie slightly smaller than those of 1936-1936, the largest on record. Increased supplies of poultry meat and eggs were fore cast unless the drought reduce feed supplies to a Point where feed prices Are raised to a very High level. Because of an increase in acreage the Bureau predicted vegetable pro j duct on probably will be As Large As last year. Disease of Turkey hard to eradicate Davis. July 18, crop of Turkey a distention usually caused by excessive drinking of water during the first appearance of hot weather. Is due to heredity a much a environment. Weather to the most important environmental Factor. This is the report of or. V. 8. Asmundsen assistant professor of poultry husbandry Ami or. W. R. Henshaw associate veterinarian in the University of California on the Davis Campus of the College of agriculture. Hirst of All they recommend Breeding Only Birds that Are known not to have shown the defect draining of the crops and washing with weak antiseptics Dally portioning the drinking water after drainage and various operative measures have been tried in an Effort to cure afflicted turkeys but they have not j been successful generally. In some districts As High As 26 pc cent of the Bird in a flock have then affected. Those that recover generally Are not fit to Market with other Birds in the flock. Selection of resistant Breeding Stock appears to the University men to is the logical Means of prevention for they have shown clearly that some f invite Are much More susceptible than others that heredity is the principal Factor in the control of the disease. Sheep dry Range feed no enough supplementing of forage is nettled during Breeding for lieu i thy ewes poultry men attention or. I. Molgard of the research department of Salsbury laboratories ill c conduct a poultry clinic at the san Joach in Grain co. Fourteenth and i streets wednesday july 22. 7 20 p. M. The first of a series of lecture Quot by hich you Annot afford to miss Ilda vis july 18.�? leached of their protein and phosphorus by summer Rains and mad unpalatable dry Range feeds in the Sacramento and san Joaquin valleys need supplementing of breading ewes Are to he kept in Good condition during the mating season. U. F. Miller associate professor of animal husbandry in the University of California on the Davis Campus gives suggestions for supplemental feeding. For phosphorus. 75 per cent half ground Salt with 25 per cent steamed hone meal spent twine Black or de carbonized spent Bone for protein an Oil cake such As Cotton seed cake a Quarter Pound per Day for each Ewe. This might be made half Barley and half cottonseed cake. Alfalfa Hay about 2 pounds per Day for each Ewe or Alfalfa molasses meal makes a Good supplemental feeding old Alfalfa Fields or ladino Clover pasture Are used by sheep men especially for older ewes. A the nutrition of ewes just prior to and during the lire Ding season should is such that they Are gaining Iii weight from 6 to 8 pounds per month a a says professor Miller. Quot this is what is known As Flushing and insures rapid Breeding u Large percentage of twins and a Small percentage of dry ewes. Mure Alfalfa and Cotton Mcfarland Mcfarland. July is a a larger acreage of Alfalfa is timing planted in the Mcfarland Pond District Accord j Long to Carl Wagner local Haler who states that he urn his Crew of four men baled 1700 tons last year and this year will tulle 2600 tons. The product is of Grade a Quality and from in acreage of 400 the average run to one and a half tons per acre or. Wagner has found that his method of baling adds to the Quality of the Hay. He in Les Only in the Early morning hours from 2 to 9 a in. The Alfalfa is baled while fresh and thus the leaves do not shutter which Ulso adds much to the Quality. Although Cotton Uci Page has been increased this year the Alfalfa has Ulso increased and or. Wagner estimates that of All new land purchased 20 pet cent has been planted to Alfalfa a a a Cantaloupe Deal at Delano closes Delano. July is a the Chiano growers association concluded its season of Carload shipments of Cantaloupe on monday although shipment by truck from Pat King houses continues daily and will continue for another two weeks according to officials of the lation. A total of 104 carloads of cantaloupes was shipped during the season. Three truckloads each Day leave the House for los Angeles and san Francisco markets with i lie strengthening of the Market growers Are optimistic for the next two weeks. To Date the Assoc i shipped a total of 61 c watermelons and ship for possibly i carloads moved o Day and today. Since a mud Der of cases of the so called infectious brain of horses and mules technically known As encephalomyelitis have been reported this season Farmers and horse owners were urged today to be on he Lookout for this disease by in t. Strong assistant county farm adviser this disease was severe in the san Joaquin Valley in 1930 and at that time a Large number of horse and mules were lost he said. An extensive study was made of the disease by the veterinary division of the University of California and As a result some effective Means of control have Imen perfected. Describes symptoms the general symptoms of the disease according to or. Strong Are that in severe cases the animals fall Down and Are unable to get up or Roll Over they he on their sides convulsively Paw the air and ground and hang their Heads against the ground causing severe bruising is Peckally Over the Eye. In advanced stages thi horses Are relatively quiet j inability to Swallow spasms of the Muscles of the face neck and limbs severe grinding of the Teeth a bub-1 bling noise in the Throat and very j foul smelling breath Are characteristic of advanced acute cases. Such animals of unable to Rise Are hopeless and should be destroyed for he mane reasons. Recognition of the first symptoms is of importance because the chances of recovery Are greater in animals that a carefully treated and nursed from the very beginning. Unwillingness to 1m> led Lack of spirit slightly wobbly gait failure to come when called or in unbroken Colts failure to run when approached Are indications. Or. Strong suggested that in any ruses where symptoms Are at All indicative of this disease a Veteran i continued on Page Cive t a sanitary Yards essential in Good poultry managing by Horack t. Strong Anli unt county farm Artiller sanitation on the poultry farm j consists in providing id maintaining surroundings that Are Safe for the Bird to live in. The term Quot surroundings a refers particularly to the houses and Yards but must also include Means for protecting healthy from diseased fowls in the a observer same flock or in outside flocks. The Type of poultry House is not so Impi Octant As that it possess cer Tain features of design and arrange i ment that help to keep fowls healthy i floors and foundations should lie impervious to moisture have a smooth hard surface to facilitate says potential production would be enough for world United press leased wire Memphis tenn., july 18.�?bra ill where Cotton plants grow taller a caning. Concrete is the most suit j than men today potentially is Cap greatest Price spread Ever known on trend to dry lot finish seen As permanent by Stock observer but j. A. Mcnaughton manager los Angeles Union stockyards i of Angeles july 18. A the l most talked of feature of the cattle markets during the past few weeks has been the wide Price differential Between Market values of Grain fed cattle and grass fat Stock. This season has witnessed the done to Bruise stems. Use sharpest scissors otherwise a Sharp knife. Air bubbles in the Stem which might prevent absorption of water Are avoided when Flower stems Are Cut under water keeping the House ablaze with a color and fragrance in july is no problem with All the Flowers which Bloom it this time of year. Keeping them fresh looking and attractive however is another problem and one that should be carefully studied by every woman. The first need of Cut Flowers is plenty of water. When making up an arrangement an excellent Way to lie Sura that your Flowers Start off with sufficient moisture is to Cut them under water. As soon As Flowers Are Cut. A sucking reaction in the Stem occurs. If thera is no we Ater it sucks up air and air hubbies May interfere with absorption of water. By cutting the Stem under water the pores Are filled with water tit the Start and by a continuous changing of water Dally Flowers will last longer and be More Beautiful the while. It is also u Good idea to Cut Flowers which have just started to Wilt under water. This will not bring them Back to their Normal Healthfulness hut it will sometimes give them another spark of life for a Day or so. Another Good method of keeping them is to place them in the refrigerator at night it seems to freshen them for a Short time. Able material. The Walls Are Best i Able of raising annually enough cot made of matched material so that j ton to Supply the worlds needs in they Are tight enough to prevent. The opinion of or. It d. Buffin. Drafts from cracks and prevent j places for mites and ticks to find presbyterian minister who spent 30 lodging. The front opening should j years As a missionary in the South be covered with wire netting and should be arranged to admit ample 1 sunlight and ventilation. Feeding watering devices fwd troughs or hoppers should be such that they May be easily cleaned and built so As to prevent fowls from roosting Over them. Removable hoppers Are preferable to stationary ones. Devices for drinking should he designed to Supply fresh clean water which cannot Tai contaminated by droppings and at the same time be arranged so that they do not overflow or permit the Birds to scatter water Over the floor and create Damp spots. Tho elimination of moist areas around watering devices in either the House or the Yard is an important Factor in general american country doctor Daffin pointed out however that although such production was possible North american growers need have Little fear of such an eventuality for at least 40 years. At present he said Lack of agricultural tools and machinery and a general ignorance of efficient farming methods was holding Down production. Sees no danger a there has been traditional Friendship Between Brazil and the United states a he declared. A i done to think we need to begrudge them the Cotton they Are growing. It will be a Long time Lief re they have enough gins and the Pacific coast and particularly has this been True on Tho Loa Angeles Market. At this writing the general run of so called grass steers Are Selling at to $6.60 a cwt., where As Choice to prime fed steers Are Selling As High As $9.00 to $9.25. In other words there is a possible Quot spread of three cents a Pound Between the value of Ordinary grass fat Stock and High Quality thickly fleshed steers that have had a Long period on full Grain rations. Differential at Peak there Are few in the Trade who believe that this is a temporary situation. Although it is extremely doubtful if we will see a greater Price differential than now exists on the Market. It must be considered that the general run of grass fat Cattie Are hardly of the High Quality that California produced in 1935, for cd the brazilian government is in ample. Then too. It must to Reir tem Cou raging the growth of Cotton be a libation and is absolutely Essen i cause it needs Exchange doctor oaf common insect horizontal i insect pictured Here. 6 it has wings. 9 pertaining wings to Entrance rooms 12 Cut into cubes 14 possessed 16 Stag 15 musical note. 19 Type Standard 21 sailors 23 Berea 24 to free 26 Behest. 28 vigor. 30 it undergoes a Complete 33 wind instrument. 34 peeps. 35 bucket. 37 portrait statues. 39 to scatter. Answer to previous Puzzle 41 afternoon meals. 43 opposite of sea. 44 North America 46 weight allowance 48 ventilating machines. 49 measure of area. 50 fish. 52 gear 54 pastry. 40 trading guild.55 it belongs the order 56 its outer wings Are a a vertical 1 animal. 2 Prophet. 3 every. 4 to give medical care. 5 sound of inquiry 6 level. 7 ancient i you and me la sound of pleasure. 13 theatrical play. 15 carved Gem. 17 Vagabond. 18 slats. 20 to imitate 22 nose sound 23 insulated. 25 railway station. 27 desiccated. 28 article of food 29 cow headed goddess. 31 Dogma. 32 spreads As an Arch. 33 outdoor party 36 ogled. 38 kind of fish. 40 to suspend. 42 to percolate. 43 Genie tree Wood. 45 stir. 47 to make lace 48 Evergreen tree. 49 Ozone. 51 Ell. 53 note in scale. 54 father. Tial in the prevention of intestinal parasitism. Dirt Yards Are especially susceptible to contamination with intestinal parasites and other diseases and for this reason Are especially difficult to keep clean. Sweeping up and hauling away the surface dirt and accumulations of droppings particularly from that portion of the Yard adjacent to the houses will remove enough of the contamination to make it Worth the Effort. No practicable and effective method of cleansing soil by chemical treatment has been found. Concrete kilns desirable the use of a double Yard system helps in preventing soil contamination but even in this Case where cropping is practice it is desirable to allow the ground to dry thoroughly since dryness is destructive to parasite eggs. Because of soil contamination Many poultry men have found it desirable to reduce the size of Yards and provide a Small Concrete run w hich can be easily cleaned and disinfected. This system with proper attention to management and cleanliness will materially assist in the reduction of soil born diseases and parasites. A proper degree of cleanliness on a poultry farm can be Best maintained by having a regular schedule that is adhered to just As carefully As to fat for feeding or collecting eggs. J the tingly removal of droppings from the droppings boards and placing them either in Fly proof bins or haul Long considerable distance from tile houses will assist in the control of tape Worms. Litter recommended Tho use of litter in the houses is desirable from the standpoint of diluting tile droppings but in All cases it should be of a material which Fin said. Cotton offers South american growers a second a Money crop to augment Coffee and rubber production. Brazils Coffee production already is far higher than world consumption requires. The former missionary estimated 4,000,000 sacks of Coffee would be burned this year to eliminate top heavy surplus supplies. Growers wealthy a with Cotton Worth 6 or 6 cents a Pound to them in american Money the peons tenant Farmers and Large Plantation owners Are rolling in Money Quot doctor Daffin said. A due to the drop in Exchange rate their Cotton actually is bringing them More Money than Ever before. A he told How a group of Confederate soldiers went to Brazil and started growing Cotton soon after the civil War. They formed a settlement and named it Villa americana. They believed there was no future for Cotton growing Iii the states with slaves freed. San Luis Obispo county pioneering organization of special interest i Berkeley july 18.�?California Farmers May now have the privilege i of membership in closely related and effective farm organizations from the ume they Are to years of i age until they cease to function through age or otherwise. With is sufficiently cheap so that the Poul pan Luis Obispo county in the Lead try men May renew it frequently. The farm a a youngsters from 20 to 30 ill the litter should be renewed at least once a month and oftener if the number of Birds in the House weather conditions age of Birds or disease conditions make it necessary. A House should to regularly cleaned and disinfected not less than twice each year and at such times As it May become empty. Trash such As Loose boards empty feed sacks etc., should not be allowed to accumulate in or around poultry houses. Thorough cleaning of the years of age. Affiliated with the farm Bureau Are now forming their own organization which it is hoped will extend into every agricultural county in the state. Provision for this new organization known As the Young Peoples department of the farm Bureau was made at a recent meeting of the Bureau s Board of directors Here. Under the plan the Young people will hold meetings of their own to plan farm Ami Home improvement tiered that the proportion of highly finished dry lot steers is comparatively Small. Should a great Many people enter the business of finishing steers on Grain rations and actually marketing such Stock in Choice to prime condition there May be some lessening in the Price differential. But it does appear that we Are not going to return to Tho Days when there was Little or no Price differential Between grass cattle and welled cattle. My opinion based upon Many talks Yilth meat packers and meat retailers is that we shall continue to witness a Price differential that will make it Worth while for Many of our Western people to give a serious thought to mastering the Art of finishing cattle in dry lots. Finishing entirely possible that prime cattle May la finished on available feds in the a St tii country has been proven. Federal graders have stamped the United states Mark of a a choices and a a prime Ion Many cattle that Hale been fattened in California Arizona new Mexico Idaho Utah and Nevada feedlots. The rations have Lien makeup of feeds that Are easily available in the Western country including Barley wheat dried beet pulp cot i ton seed cake and meal linseed meal and other Western produced teed a i stuffs in conjunction with High Grade Alfalfa and Grain Hays state s Fiji crop greatly expanded Sacramento. July 18.�?califon i Ilia s 1936 Spring pig crop is 37 per cent larger than that of the Spring of 1936 but 16 per cent below the 1932-1933 average the Federal state i crop reporting service announced today. The fall pig crop of this year is expected to be about 20 per cent larger than the fall crop of last year but larger than the average fall crop. A the total number of pigs produced in the state this year is expected to be about 730.000 or about 95 per cent of the 1932-1933 average crop. The California production when compared with the 1932-1933 base said by tile service to be on a relatively higher level than in the Corn Belt. House and premises is most essential and social programs and to discuss prior to the use of disinfectants. A such things As family budgets. The layer of dirt or dust does not permit problems of the Young Man or disinfectants to reach the places woman who has just taken Over the where they Are probably most needed. I ownership or management of a farm will be the particular concern of the Young people department. This new a youth movement Quot was j undertaken because of the feeling. That the farm children the younger i Farmers and the older Farmers should be enabled to handle their i own particular interests in their own Way. The children Are already i provided for in the 4-h clubs w hich j now have approximately 11,000 Mem i Liers and in w hich the age Range is from to to 21 years. Thereafter they qualify for membership in the i farm Bureau but in this organza a ton the interests have been More i widely diversified than in the 4-h i clubs. The Bureau decided there a fore that its younger members should be Given their own Organiza i ton. Gold nuggets found Quincy calif., july is. A. Pm Marion Higgins picked up a Gold Nugget Worth $270 in a Suice Box at Keddie and John p. Dutre found a $300 Nugget at Spring Garden. Poultry lecture slated wednesday a poultry clinic will begin it the san Joaquin Grain company fourteenth and let streets at 7 30 o clock next wednesday evening. July 22, when or. P. C. Molgard of the research department of the Salsbury laboratories will deliver the first of a series of lectures. All diseases of poultry along with general sanitation measures will be discussed by doctor Molgard. The poultry men of Kern county ure invited to attend by i. To. Agnetto manager. Of you re happier with Standard gasoline Arm Hick Rogers them Yuk i la Century a. I. W Ilma horrified by Phil Nowlan and lieutenant Dick Calkins 6 or to is Cost info

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