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Attica Ledger Press Newspaper Archives Oct 31 1913, Page 15

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Attica Ledger Press (Newspaper) - October 31, 1913, Attica, Indiana The Attica Ledger press. It suggestions for progressive Farmers it Farmland will Wear out. A great Many american Farmers live under the delusion that their soils will never Wear out. This is particularly True of settlers in a Rew Section of the country and More particularly in a Prairie country. These Prairie soils have been stored with humus material for thousands of yet ears and have produced so abundantly with Little cultivation that Farmers honestly believe them exhaust less in their Fertility. If for any reason they Furrow Small crop where they expected larger they claim that the climate is changing that the Droutas or floods Are More frequent or that frosts come earlier. Usu Why nothing but experience a do hard experience at that will cure the Farmer of this Del Ision. Many Farmers act As if under this delusion while denying that they hold it. They rent their farms for Grain rent and allow the tenant to sell the Grain on the Market and put nothing in its place. They even allow the tenant to Burn the Straw or allow the manure to lie in the barnyard until half its value is wasted. When the logic of events convinces them that the soil is gradually wearing out they labor under the delusion that turning under a crop of Clover or better farming will restore it to its Virgin Fertility. This delusion seems to be Peculiar to the american Farmer. The chinese Farmer cherishes no such delusion. He has Farmed the land for forty centuries in such a Way As to maintain Fertility. The japanese Farmer is under no such delusions. On a comparatively Small area and its Fertility not of the Best he supports an enormous population by farming in such a Vay As to maintain the Fertility of his land. The English Farmer has no such delusion. He had it once a Hundred years or More ago but he has got Over it now. He maintains the Fertility of his soil at All hazards and no landlord there will allow a tenant to go on his farm unless he is prepared either to maintain Fertility or make Pood the loss out of his own pocket. The Irish Farmer cherishes no such delusion. Even in the worst of the congested districts where farms Are five to ten acres each and where the people live in hovels with a cow or a pig for their associate it would be impossible to find a single Farmer so ignorant As to imagine that land will maintain its Fertility without Good farming and the application of manure of some sort. We Are speaking now of a country which during a thousand years of misrule has yet maintained its Fertility. And yet underneath this delusion there is a semblance of truth. The fact is that you can not farm land so poorly that it will not grow something. The creator has locked up certain ele meets of Fertility in the land in such a Way that they can not be exhausted by the most greedy landlord or the most inveterate soil robbing tenant. They Are weathered out slowly and will produce something sometimes the Cost of the labor but no profit on the investment. If it were not this Locking up of Fertility by an All Wise Providence the richest would soon become a desert waste. Now what Are the Bottom fact in this question of Fertility most lands contain an abundance of some of the elements that go to make up Plant food. The air for example from which plants get most of their growth is absolutely inexhaustible. There is More or less nitrogen in the soil also More or less Sulphur. The wild leguminous plants. Rohlfing amp Colbert dealers in furniture for the Kitchen dining room sitting room bedroom parlor Library music room or Hail. Undertakers Many of them weeds can furnish nitrogen from the , and the annual Rains provide More or less Sulphur but no leguminous Plant no rain no air no wind can Ever furnish Potash or phosphorus. When crops of any kind of Grain or even live Stock Are sold off the farm they carry with them Potash phosphorus and Lime and unless these Are supplied the land becomes worn out no matter How Rich it May be in vegetable or other matter. Hence it is Only a question of time when All lands will so far Wear out As to be unprofitable unless they Are kept up by robbing other lands or other countries. This old world itself will Wear out in time and become an exhausted planet such As we suppose the Moon to be. Good farming will put off this evil Day and Good farming Means conserving the elements of Fertility. One of the Best Vays of conserving them is to feed the crops to live Stock so As to reduce the waste to the minimum. Few people realize the extent to which this soil exhaustion has gone on in the United states. New England Farmers once thought their soils inexhaustible and today you can buy farms for the Cost of the buildings and often for even less. New York and Pennsylvania held the same delusion and while their soil is not so badly exhausted it has been so far reduced that it requires Lime and phosphorus and in some cases Potash from some other part of the world. All Over the world and in the Best parts of the Prairie Section there Are farms that Are recognized As worn out. These however have not yet got beyond redemption. They Lack mainly in vegetable matter but the time will come when they too will be compelled to impart whichever elements of Fertility Are lacking phosphorus or Potash and perhaps both. Our readers therefore need be under no delusion. They May thank the lord that he has so lock up some of the most costly elements of Fertility that their fathers could not get them but has kept it As a heritage for them. Heretofore the Farmer speaking generally has been a soil Miner. Here and there sometimes in neighbourhoods and counties you will find real Farmers whose lands produce As much As they did when first broken up. But these men have been stockmen and Good Farmers As Well. The one Bare outstanding fact is that in the last sixty years while we have been in millions of acres of Virgin soil our acre yield has increased 1 but slightly and that Only in the last twelve or fifteen years and then Only about half As fast As population increases. For forty years previous with All this new land being put under cultivation the acre yield slowly decreased until now our wheat yield per acre is the lowest on Earth except in Russia and India. It is time to Wake up Brethren. Of doors with shelter from storms it will grow a coat that will keep it comfortable but Don t put it out in the Corn stalks in cold weather with older horses. Don t put it out on pasture when the weather is at Zero. It is too Young to stand that hardship yet. Give it plenty of room to exercise itself for growing Colts must play and play is just As necessary to the Colt As it is to the boy or girl. See that the fences Are such As rot to induce it to jump Over. Be careful about barbed wire fences unless it is used to them. A Colt born in a Large pasture fenced with barbed wire wiil not Likely be injured because its dam taught it from the very beginning that these wires Are dangerous. Use a smooth wire Fence or a Board Fence for a coir pasture. Your Colt May not look As Good in the Spring As Tho you had kept it in the barn and fed it Corn but will be a great Deal better Colt and will make a great Deal better horse. After it is a year old you can put it in the Corn stalks or better still in a second crop of Clover or Blue grass pasture but even then you had better give it some Oats and Corn. The weight of the horse other things being equal has a great Deal to do with the Price. If your Colt is either stunted or overfed with a balanced ration you must not expect to get that extra Hundred pounds which does so much when it comes to fixing the Price of the horse when it goes on the Market. Above All things else however be kind to your Colt. Halter it Early before you have weaned it and if when you Are weaning it you Halter it alongside the Mare so much the better. By altering it and teaching it that you Are its Friend that you Are the god of the Colt that is teaching it to regard you As omnipotent omniscient and omnipresent with merciful intentions towards it but a Power that can not be resisted you will have no trouble. That Colt will need no breaking. It will need training but breaking is not always training in fact often the opposite. Take Good care of that Colt. It will pay you a Good round Price for everything you feed it but will pay you a better Price if you feed it with kindness and take Good care of it show yourself to be its Friend. That is the proper Way of dealing with Colts or children or Young men. It Only takes Ordinary sense to give Success either to a Man or a woman. It pays Well to be Able to furnish in their season such articles As strawberries currants cucumbers cherries apples raspberries Sweet Corn cabbage Honey and other products of the kind. These pay ten times As much As the Grain crops. An acre of cherries or apples will net about $150 after paying for the labor of picking and marketing. The others Are equally profitable or nearly so. The markets have never yet been Over supplied. In fact they seem to be further from that condition today than Ever before. Make the wheels turn faster id you Ever Stop to consider the Miles and Miles you and your horses travel Over the Road every year the hundreds of times you have to hitch up to go somewhere and the time it All takes to come right Down to it you really spend a Large part of your life slowly Riding Over the roads same old roads usually going to town to the Mill Creamery neighbors Etc., Etc. It is a great waste of time in a year it wears out your rigs your harnesses and your horses and it takes your horses from waiting Field work. Quot when a hurry trip comes up such As the getting of a repair part in Harvest time your horses can go Only so fast. Compare this wonderful time waster with an International motor truck sturdy dependable reliable willing easy to manage and economical All this the International is. It will do All this daily travelling Over any and All kinds of roads where horses can go and go much faster and much farther. It will turn your trips into pleasure rides. It will add Many profitable hours to your life. The motor is simple and powerful. Tho solid tires eliminate tire troubles. One convenient lever controls the car. Brakes Are Strong and sure. Through Sand Snow mud a ver Hills the International will travel All Day without tiring. Satisfy yourself about the International motor truck. Send a postal today for catalogues and full information to the Harvester company of America incorporated genre haute Winter care of the Colt. Horses Are High in Price now not is withstanding the Advent of the automobile and the motor truck. How Long they will continue so we do not know but at least Long enough to justify the Farmer in taking the Best care of them and particularly in taking care of the Colt. Many Farmers hinder the development of the Colt by keeping it in a stable and carrying feed and water to it finding this less trouble than to provide proper food and proper exercise out of doors. Assuming that the Colt has been weaned not suddenly for that is cruel a but by keeping it Home during the summer preferably in company with another Colt or an older horse and teaching it to eat the next question that arises is How to carry it thru the Winter. Remember that Colts like All creatures both Young and old need proper food that is a properly balanced ration pure water pure air and exercise. Without All of these you can not grow a Good Colt at All. How then should the Colt be kept during the Winter first it should have company. All Young things like company. Two or three Colts together make Good company for each other but like other Young things they will put up with the company of age rather than have no company at All. How should the Colt be fed Why with feed calculated to develop its growth of course. What is the Colt doing it is building up Bone and muscle. Therefore it wants Bone making and muscle making feeds. You Are not trying to fatten this Colt you Are not fitting it for Market. You Are simply growing it. Oats or Oats and Corn mix Alfalfa Hay Clover Hay or Cowpea Hay Timothy if you have nothing better but a ton of Clover is Worth two tons of Timothy to feed to any growing animal. If you will let the Colt grow up out greater profits for Farmers. American Farmers will secure greater profits when they have Learned How to Market their products to the Best advantage. They need in the first place the widest possible diversity of crops and next a Keener knowledge of Selling. The Small Inland City is the Best place for disposing of farm products. Many sagacious Farmers have private customers for their hogs chickens butter eggs Etc. Where this is the Case much More than the wholesale Market Price is obtained. Those living within a few Miles of a thriving City can secure private customers for fruit and vegetables As Well As for butter eggs and poultry. This is the most profitable Way of marketing. The Farmer gains the middleman s profit and the customer is pleased to obtain fresh products without unreasonable trouble or expense. It would seem incredible that there Are not enough vegetables raised in some of the states for the Interior markets but such is the fact. Merchants in All of the Little cities Are accustomed to ship in such products As celery onions peas beets cabbage cucumbers cauliflower and even potatoes. These Are products that pay enormously compared to Grain farming or Dairying. They involve Little expense or risk and their production serves to distribute the season s labor evenly and to make it More profitable than when it is confined to one or two products. So Long As City populations develop at the ratio shown in the last decade there will be no danger of raising too much fruit or truck. The producer in disposing of Honey berries cherries and other articles which come in the line of fancy farming gets twice As much by Selling to private customers As to commission houses. It makes a lot of difference whether a Man with an Orchard receives $1.25 or $2.50 a Bushel for cherries. These figures fairly represent the commission dealer s Price and the rate a paid by Consumers. The wholesale Price of Honey is 12 to 14 cents but private customers pay 20 to 22 cents. In butter eggs and poultry this principle applies with similar Force. Nearly every town housekeeper is glad to contract by the year for regular supplies of fresh produce. There is profit on both sides in an arrangement of this kind. This argument for diversification and business applies to both big and Little Farmers. It is unwise for land owners to neglect fruit vegetables and the general run of what they Call truck. There Are Liberal profits in these products they Are handled with skill and sold to advantage. When the farm is conducted so there is a regular income from a variety of Little things tilling the soil requires study. There is no occasion for being envious of others no matter what our station in life and circumstances May be. The Best Joys Are in reach of us All study and the Reading of Good and useful books and inquiry into the wonders of nature ail about us Are among the chief of these and no one holds a mon Only of them. They have their practical even Cash value too and May prove of much Benefit to our Fellows. It is related of a certain Well in tend ing but poorly informed englishman a great Many years ago that he determined to set to digging for Coal in the Vicinity of the Hamlet where he lived. His judgment was poor of course for no traces of Coal had Ever been found in that locality but his courage was Good and he continued to bore with a will until at last he started an Artesian Well which has continued to this Day and which has proved of great value to the neighbourhood Ever since. Was it not so too with that foolish old spaniard de Soto who set out to find the Fountain of perpetual youth his first purpose failed but he nevertheless discovered to the world Florida the land of Sunshine and of Flowers still in its youth with a magnificent future yet before it. Who can say what Good shall not come of any earn est Effort no matter How mistakenly directed the soil is a vast storehouse As yet half unexplored in which the Farmer delves and the More industriously and intelligently the More to the Benefit of his fellow men. Many a Humble Tiller of the soil has left behind him information of untold value sometimes Dis covered largely As the result of Mere Accident. How much after All do we know about the elements which go to make up the soil As yet the geologist for instance has been Able to Tell us much and yet is there not As much that he can in no Way explain Hugh Miller observes that the richest Corn lands of England those at Strathmore and the poorest those at Milbury Are both underpaid by the same Rock the old red Sandstone. Yet Many a Man will stoutly affirm that the character of the underlying Rock determines the character of the soil above. Some say that certain soils Are absolutely essential for certain crops yet a Learned scientist utterly disproved the statement by growing grapevines upon As Many different varieties of soil As he could obtain and drying and burning their leaves and submitting their ashes to chemical analysis so demonstrating that they contained the same substances in almost precisely the same proportions no matter what the circumstances under which they had been grown. Is the composition of the soil in reality vastly More Complex than we realize to file investor be the sey flies or lest. Liisse Weli bet Lesii lands i this year has been one which has tested the lands Farmed by the so called dry farming method. It has been a year of drouth in which every ounce of moisture has been taken for the production of crops. In fact the Supply of moisture was insufficient to produce Good crops and in places a total failure. With irrigation it has been different. The Farmers supplied moisture As needed with re Stilt they produced wonderful crops of Best Grade. Nov. 4th excursion rates from Attica to the famous Pecos Valley. A Nice trip which you will not regret. Chaves county abstract co., inc. Roswess new Mexico care of farm machinery. If a careful and Complete list should be made of the farm machinery bind ers mowers Hay rakes Hay loaders plows cultivators Etc., which Are now standing out exposed to the weather in the Fields or in the barn lot its total value would be a great Surprise to everybody. Here and there is a Farmer who appreciates the importance of housing his machinery but the number who did this is astonishingly Small. The Liberal use of grease and paint and promptly putting it under cover when no Binger needed for the season will probably at least double the life of a machine. When the machinery is put away at the proper time notes can be m Ade of any repairs that May be needed and these can be gotten during the fall and Winter and the machine put in ship shape for the next season. Not Long since we were with a father during haying time. He had started the mowers in the morning and at the same time went Over to another Field himself to get the Hay loader which he had left out Over Winter. After considerable trouble and time he hauled the machine thru four or five Gates to the Field where it would be needed and then discovered that three or four of the slats were broken and that one Row of Cylinder Teeth was missing. His arrangements were completely upset. One Man had to drive to town for the missing parts and More than a half Day was lost. Entirely aside from the economical phase housing the machinery is Well Worth while for the Sake of appearances and the Man who is in the habit of keeping things cleaned up and in their proper place will carry the same habit into every operation of the Faro to his great profit and schools increasing. Between 1908 and 1910 the number of institutions teaching agriculture was practically doubled and Between 1910 and 1912 this number was trebled. And while sixteen years ago or even ten years ago the Public High schools were hardly thought of As effective agencies for the education of the Rural people along vocational lines at the present time they constitute Over 80 percent of the agencies engaged in teaching agriculture not including of course the one teacher elementary schools which have never been listed. There Are several types of secondary schools in which agriculture is taught. First in order of establishment and in value of agricultural equipment Are the agricultural schools connected with state agricultural colleges As in Minnesota and thirty six other states. These schools use the land live Stock farm equipment and laboratories of the agricultural colleges and their classes Are largely taught by professors and instructors in the agricultural colleges. Secondly there Are the separate agricultural schools which include county schools like those in Maryland Michigan Mississippi North Carolina and Wisconsin congressional District schools As in Alabama and Georgia judicial District schools As in Oklahoma and schools serving larger districts sometimes a whole state As in Arkansas California Colorado Massachusetts new York Pennsylvania and Vermont. These schools have been established primarily for the purpose of teaching saves life of horse. Or. Dean Reece son of j. W. Reece of this City who located at Rossville 111., some time ago is making Good As a veterinarian. Recently he and or. George w. Ford veterinary of Pence performed an operation on a horse belonging to Arthur Sheridan who lives Southeast o Attica that was successful in every respect. The horse was afflicted with a growth in its Throat that interfered with its breathing to such an extent that the animal was useless. The operation removed the affliction and the horse is now As Good As Ever. This is the second operation of this kind performed by these Young men and both were successful. Young mules we have a Fine Bunch of mules two to five years old a full car Load of Wagon Beds cheap everything a Farmer uses on a farm or Road everything in farm implements horses mules buggies wagons and autos bought 240 Fords this week new Oakland Overland Allen and Paige Detroit cars and Many old cars wagons buggies and harness Young and old horses. Sale Days every wednesday and Friday for 30 years. Will sell cheap for Cash or time and terms to suit the buyer. 4-8 John f. Judy Jud Yville ind. A Fiore Beautiful than Stone or steel As enduring As the burial demands the automatic sealing vault which protects casket and contents forever from dampness water and vermin. Come and examine the vault and see a demonstration of the wonderfully simple and certain automatic Seal. Cost permits its use at every burial. Sold Only by j. A. Co flying or the manufacturers. W. H. Small amp son manufacturers phone 568, Attica Indiana

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