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Atlas (Newspaper) - November 3, 1838, London, Middlesex k: Capb of. Ooos Hora-^NawSovia Wales. Bebbiob Bbbuoda Bbazile Bbbuen ' Bvbkos Atbbs Canada Cabaooas Cabthaobna Cbphalonia Golvhbia COBFD Cuxhatbn Dembbara Dbnmark Dominioa Fbanob Qubbbo Spain (viaCaaii) St. Dohinqo St. RiTT's St. Isvcia St. VikcENT'a TOBAC-TOBTOLA Tbinidab Zantb To all other placet it may be fonearded upon the payment of turn pence. No. 651. �oL. Xni.l SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 1838. r BARLy EDITION [ IW-ptlE FOB POST. THE ATLAS OF THIS DAY CONTAINS: - FAOE The FbUddoal ........4, 689 "But jndian and Colonial Atlas.. 690 i^idian Omnium................ 690 Kordgnl^eiwg................ 691 Bidittibl^ews...................691 Ireland;........... 692 The-Present Position of Great Britain , and Russia, and the Views of the Latter on India.. 693 Law Reports...................'693 Police Offices..................693 Accidents and Oflbnces.......... 693 Omnium.......................694 miscellanea, i.................. 694 Saturday's News....... V........694 WMU|;�^tird8pect of the Money, Iwadlhg Aiiiclei'i!*.*.'.'.!!v!!!!i 695 Transportation;.... ooiUd have- indwsed tlie �ainistry to send Lord Durham/Mr;^Bidlet, Mir.'SUice,-and Mr. Turton, to Ct^adtfP' And--wbalf mdn'e^s 1^; loifd Glen%, whwe M p^aeh,to sanction not only thbse appointodients,. buj; also that of Mir. Edw�0aJl^btt Wdtefield!?^^^ H lordship is only folloMning the example of the'restoi.the: ministiy; If Lord Pdmerston can send a Mr. Henry Bulwer to Constantinople, a Lord Clanricarde to . St. I�etersbur|rh, a 1^^^^^ if Sir John Hob- house beconte^withaL'ord AucHandin Caicu Lord .Elphinstoiie hi Madras; if Lord John-Bussell be: allowed toiipive places, to a Whittle Harvey, a Joseph' Parkes, and a Fitzsimon; if Lord Melbourne make a Dr.' Hampden a professor, Evans a K.C.B., and Tom Moore a pensioner,-surely Lord Glenelg^,'who generally is only ^nerof the-mitoifontm serwiYe/Jflctw, cann^^ blamed for followiiM^ in the same track, and selecting' similar-characters ror places and honour. If his col-: leagues establish a half-Popish,-half-infidel system of education in Ireland, > of course he, in dti^' bbund,^ does so also, as we: have shown, in New Sotith Wales; if they encourage Popery,'he does, so'too; if they pay its priests, he does so likewise; if Lord Normanby makes high sheriffs according[ to vhis own? Mid the Whigs voted, for him iniWestminster; Mr. Henry Bulwer was the paid servant of the disaffected in New South Wales, and was rewarded by a good post, first in Belgium, and then in Turkey.' AU those governors .who have done good are recalled, and their energy becomes a recognised and punishable offence. All officers who do their duty are discouraged; So -it was with Sir John Colbome and the late Governor of .Uj^pet Canada, with Chief-Justice Boulton, Colonel: Arthur, Sir Benjamin D'Urban, Mr. Jeremie and others. Nothing is now required to get,rid of a vigilant gpvempr but some false charges; Nothing is wanted to procure any. violent measure of iimovation but a little^ proportionately violent agitation^ no matter whether ib Ireland, Newfoundland, or Van Dieman's Land. When' the; Roman Catholics want another grant they say^ aroertain.inScriptibh tp'-be- miEid?'tbe:^n,'cbn^ary, to [the'artiisles,* canons,'ahd/cVms^ntiOns,'or'to the'.doctritie ;^d,discipline^ of the chunJh of llngl^d. The follo#u;ig .is, we.understand, the inscriptipn which, is"^thus anathematised:- . .  ' : 1.- " Piay foT the aonl of - Joseph Wodfirtsy. : ^'It iaalioly and vhole$ome'thought to.pray';ftr!Uhed^ chap. xiL - ' t The ground, we presume,' for' the: pro^cution is, that prajmig for the souls of the departed countenances the doctrine of purgatory, as it immies that'i prayers for the souls of the departed may. be efficacious with regard to their doom. Wfe have no wish to enter into a theological disquisition on this point. ? We readily admit/ tooj that the rector or other person having the cVre of souls in a pajfish is by law. vested with the' power of! aet!erminin|; what.inscnptions may be -placedLon.tombstones. Still it would seem to be a very harsh proceeding to bring a poor widow from the Isle.of Wight to London for believing that a text recommended in' the articles: of the church of Enghmd to be read for e^caitib;ii, noight aluthorise the above', simple inscription. : rWe, call out lustily against ;CathoUcintolerance>and> persecution I but does not this citation/ which/if not attendedto/Would subjebt the party cited to be treated as guilty bf cont!empt,,lbok very like Protestant persecution P" The" zeal and diligence of the lawfully constituted watchmen; of Zjion for the church: of England is, no doubt, .meritorious, sand we can have no objection to their scoutini^ purgatory at ever so great a distance. But the mere instuiption bf Pray forthesoul of Joseph Woolfrey," with the, bitati^n from^Maccabees, seems an odd ground for a suit in BoctbrsVCommons. In practice, nothing is more common than for Protestants on the death of persons, dear to them when alive, to remember them in their prayers. We have heard such prayers' many and. many 'a. time uttered by parties who would have been quite indignant at the thougbt of being deemed Catholics, and who md, not the; smallest suspicion that they were giving countenance to purgatory. It is not, however, for us to anticipate tbg: proceeding^ in the Court of Arcltts, to which conside�$bIe interest will, no doubt, be attached. Allwe can, i?ay is, that the case a present wears very much the appearance of persecution. the conflict of british and eussian interests. Morning. Ppsxr-As-to her political, or rather her di- ?lomatic character, Russia is among nations that which 'aUeyrand was among poUtical men. What the political chaiiacter of Great Britain is^whe^ h^r i^vernment is Elided by such unstable men as Lord^ Melbourne and ord Palmerston, it woidd be hard to say j but they who know what the great Lord Chatham was, and the Duke of Wellington is-they whose minds and whose hearts forget not, and cannot forget, what Pitt was in council and Nelson in battle-will readily imagine to themselves the very diffferent character from that of Russia which it ought to be the unceasing effort of this nation to maintain. The result of the steady, active, persevering system of the absolute government of Russia in the acquisition of territory may be gathered from the following extract, which we take from a publication entitled the jProgres/s and Present Poaitim of Russia in the East, This work is evidentl;|r written with a feeling of jealousy towards Russia wluch amounts almost to hatred, but we believe the detailslis to fkcts may be depended upon:- The Russian empiieia Europe has heen nearly doubled in little mam than half a century.Jn sixty^'four yeara she has advanced her frontier eight hundred and fifty miles towards Vienna, B^rliui DreMen, Munich, andParist; 'she has ap^Mwchedfouf hundred and fifty .miles nearer to Constantihople:r8he has pQSfwssed Jierself ;of);the capital of .Poland, and has. advanced to within r a Ibv: miles of-the'Per(4�. .The j�giilf�nt that Is now.statiqned at her furthest frontier piSsi on .ihe western shore of the Caspian has as great'a dtstanCd tornardh'backjto BiKoscow as onward to At-tdck onths.Indiii^/'and.i9>^j�ctuiply;fni$her,fh>m.8t. :Pet�rsburgh than from.LahoWrthe.capitai of tbeSeik8.j The battalions of the Bussian ImperiBl Guard, that ^invad^vPersiai fimnd. at: the termination of the war that they-were asi rnewr to, Herat as'to. thebai^lu :of the Don^- tliat they had already accomplished half the distance from their capital, tor DeUii/aqd.':that,tIierefl>r6it from' theirr>camp in Persia, they had as great a distance .to march back to St. Petersburgh as onward to the. capital of Hindoatap. AU this serves to give vbry.magnificent ideas of the extent of territory possessed by Russia. The question for us, however, isjliow does this extent of territory affect our national interests P And then another question occurs--supposing that our national interests require this career of acquisition to'be checked/ how may this best be done ^hpw shall .we cause Russia most efieetually to perceive that it is not for heradvantage'to acquire territory at the .expense of incurring our hostility ? We have no h^sita-i tion in stating our opinion that dt does concern our interests both immediate and remote that Russian influence and encroa^ihmentin TuT'key and Persia should be kept in^chepk'.Wbf do.npt bh^me Riissia for what she has done to..bxtend>hbrtpower'in>'^theEa8t. .On.the contrary, we �ve he^ credit for the .skill and promptitude with which she h^ ay ailed h^]^^e^t)f every circuinstance to add to he^ iuflifence. If biiif inteirests have suffered we shall not, impute that as a fault 'to:Bussia,'but cOnside^ it to result from 'out: own: inisf9rtune in^l^ 1 a government unworthy of our country. It is, however, but justice to acknowledge that at present the least neglected part of ^ our afiairs seems to be our interestin the Jlast. The re-" cognition, indeed, of the impotent government at Madrid by the Sublime Porte we look upon as of no more account than.a present of a cashmere dressing-gown to our Mi-' nister for Forei|;n AflQsiirs would be. - . afforded to one little weakness, of Xord Palmerston would be just as important as to another^ But, independently ^ of this,'there does appear to' be some activity "to thwart, the desigris of Russia, winch- activity-if steadily main-taiti'ed,'w^ no doubt atlswer, its purpose. Russia con-' stantly.succf'edst not.because her action is more strenuous than the action of other nations, but^ because she never; neglects. Our commerce in the East, and in I^ersia al^ne, isv*ryvaluable. WemuSttaKe'carethatit,be,nptplaced' at the mercy of Russit^. , As to the inv^asion of British In^.by th'^' Russians, we hold' be a chiiuerical notion,.so.long as Russia more,than a bare^ facility of passage-through Pelrsia; but if she were allowed to make that kingdom her own-^to possess it as a base for her milit^y operations, and a magazine from Which to^ supply her commissariat^ fhbn the invasion of Ipdia would belno improbable event. It is the business of Great Bntain not to allow Russia to have Persia. But how shall we most simply and effectually check any such en-terprize:I| " Un4oubtedly by showing' Russia that if she will preposteroiusly push forward her ambitious views in Asia sh& shall smart for it in Europe. It is with our naval arm that Russia must be repressed. And here it is -80 far as regards this weighty matter-that the British public have most reason tolbe indignant with the present government. It is notorious to all Europe-to all the: world-^that Russia has been making great exertions to^ have'a navy capable of disputing the sovereignty of the seas With Great Britain. Has our government made,an^^^ thing like a corresponding preparation for - the struggle'' which may be at handP Most assuredly not. ,Wf'be-^ lieve that at present ,wc are by no means well prepared for, an important naval warfare, and we are ^uite su,xe�i;j|hat a government so watchful as that of Russia^''has an exact' account of eyeiySntish ship ready foiT sejpyie'e. Ver^ ;