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Atlas (Newspaper) - July 14, 1838, London, Middlesex 0 (General j^ett)gpai)er m'S 0onrnal of WLittvatuvt. TRANSMISSION OF "THE ATLAS" BY POST TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES. We are induced, by numerous applications on this subject, to state, for the information of our Subscribers, that " The Atlas " may be transmitted free of postage, through the General Pott OJficet, to the following places: Antigua. Bbrbick Buenos Aybes Cephaloni\ Dbmerara. Gibraltar Hamburgh BAdOTA Bahamas Barbadobs " The Atlas Canada Caraccas Carthaoena Columbia Corfu cuxhaven Denmark Dominica France Bermuda Brazils Bremen can also be transmitted, upon payment of one penny, to India-Cape of Good Hope-New South Wales Grenada Greece Halifax (New) Heligoland Honduras Ionian Isles Jamaica Laguira Malta MontserRat Nevis Newfoundland New Brunswick Nova Scotia Quebec Spain (via Cadiz) St. Domingo St. Kitt's St. Lucia St. Vincent's Tobago Tobtola Trinidad Zante To all other places it may be forwarded upon the payment of Itco pence. No. 635. Vol. XIII.] SATURDAY, JULY 14, 1838 r EARLY EDITION I IN TIME FOK POST THE ATLAS OF THIS DAY The Politician................433 East Indian and Colonial Atlas.. 434 "orelgn News ................434 Imperial Parliament............ 435 British News..................437 Grend Review in Hyde Park- 437 Meetings ...................437 Ireland........................437 Law Reports................... 437 Police Offices..................438 Accidents and Offences..........438 Omnium....................... 439 Sporting....................... 439] CONTAINS :-literature. The Sonnets of William Wordsworth. Collected in one Vol., with a Itew additional ones now first pnbyshed................ ii'i Travels in Palestine and Syria.. 442 Rambles-in the Pyrenees........443 Literary Memoranda............444 An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations 444 The Geography of the Globe..... 444 Music and Musicians............444 Fine Arts...................... 444 It would give us great surprise, no that for crimes committed imagine, Saturday's News................440 Weeltly Retrospect of the Money Market...................... 440 Leading Articles ..............440 The Pastoral Aristocracy........ 441 Bribery........................ 441 Memoranda on Men and Things.. 443 Theatricals.....................442 Horticultural Society.........�. 444 The Universities ..............44jt The Army.....................4H Gazettes ......................444 Births, Marriages, and Deaths .. 449^; Banking and Monetary Atlas .... 44S The MarkeU..................446 Advertisements.................447 THE POLITICIAN. england and america. Times-The news arriving daily from the other side of the Atlantic is not of the most tranquillizing character. The rebellion, properly speaking, had been put down, before the conduct of Canadian affairs received any admixture or adulteration of busybody dictatorship from the hands of Lord Durham. We do not find that matters have mended since. Outrage has been heaped upon outrage by aggressors on both sides of the St. Lawrence, though chiefly, it must be acknowledged, from that of the United States. The feeling along the whole line of frontier has been reciprocally inflamed and ulcerated until the result at last is left to the fearful arbitration of accident, which seems to domineer over constituted aut^iority, and to treat with equal indifference the act of Congress, the orders of Van Buren, the Durham despotism, and the laws of civilized nations. . It is said that Lord Durham has sent a special jnessage to the President, and made upon him certain strong demands for redress in relation to ihe "Peel" steam-boat, which, while within the supposed protection of the republican laws, was attacked, pillaged, and destroyed, in contempt of them, by an armed and desperate banditti, assuming a political ground for the aggression-viz., that it was in revenue for the capture of an American steam-boat, employed in making war upon the British colonies. Now, the outrages committed by the Caroline upon Great Britain were precisely of the same nature with that perpetrated by the assailants of the Sir Robert Peel. Both enterprises were prepared within the territory of the United States, under the very nose of the republican authorities, and promoted and shared in by citizens of the republic. In their objects and form the two outrages differed ; one being directed against a British island-the other a British ship. Each amounted to an act of downright hostility towards Great Britain. The attempt to drown the wrong inflicted on this country by a fierce and stupid clamour against the mode of self-defence resorted to by her Majesty's subjects, being the only means of protection left to them, Avas worthy of the pirates with ^ whom the crime originated. We trust no officer or minister of this country has been weak enough to be influenced by regard to such a fraud. In the same way we trust that Lord Durham has represented in language of sufficient vigour to Mr. Van Buren the full force of the alternative in which the violence of his own people, and the utter feebleness of his own laws, and apparent carelessness of the American legislatu'-'e, have placed him, and with him the republic herself. For, inasmuch as her foremost duty towards foreign and friendly states is to protect them against aggressions prepared within her ports and territories, it flows directly from that principle, tpat if she withholds protection first, and reparation afterwards, she in effect compels the injured state to protect itself, and to vindicate its own wrong.s by seeking the wrongdoers in their den, and dragging them to punishment. We see nothing whatsoever'm the overt acts of the United States government to justify suspicion that Mr. Van Buren will deliberately throw impediments in the way of justice when appealed for by Great Britain. The tone of _ his last message to the House of Representatives refers in a spirit of frankness and good neighbourhood to the sentiments which animate the councils of both states, as contrasted with the abominable *' design apparently formed, and in the course of execution, by Canadians who have found a refuge within our" (the republican) " territory, aided by a few reckless persons of our own country, to involve the nation in a war with a neighbouring and friendly power." Reckless, it is true, are the Republicans who would involve their cpuntry in a war with Great Britain, calamitous, if not fatal, as it must prove to both nations. We hope that it may with equal truth bejalleged of such frontier disturbers of society, that they are " few" as that they are " reckless." Mr. Van Buren makes it a topic of congratulation that redress for the mutual injuries on English and American steam-boats has not been sought by either govern ment of the other, less than pain, to within the jurisdiction of this country there should be no adequate redress awarded by British tribunals; nor do we believe in the moral possibility of such an aggravation of wrong from such a quarter. But if, as in the state of Vermont within these few weeks, the laws of the republic be so administered as to amount to an absolute ^denial of justice to Great Britain, see^in what a predicament we then are placed-see to whose mercy we are delivered over. Will the feelings of our provincial brethren, or of ,0 peii^le' of England here at home, be satisfied with the '' \issue of such.a reliance on words, and forms, usajK^^il^llil^i substance and spirit are wantiBgP^^'^^^ diffitiiiltiK question, and those, less ei^S^blable, arirai^'%jl^ <^ th? revengeful and pugnacious teiiil|i^ of the bordiiiftiai �^ St. Lawrence, to say nothing about those republican crusaders who speculate on plunder in the shape of land, may be considered as complicating and enhancing each other, and as rendering a peaceful splution of the whole so much the more precarious and questionable. For this danger, which if real, cannot be remote, we have to thank the imbecility of Lords Glenelg and Gosford, who never could muster up sense or decision to promise fairly to the Canadians that which ought to be conceded, or to refuse them firmly and definitively that on which they had no just right to reckon. the forlorn baronets. ^ Morning Chronicle-It is true, perhaps, in the words of the French proverb, that teieu ne vautpas la chandellfi, or as we transmte it in English, in a different sense of the same word, " the game is not worth powder and shot but still we may just ask what has resulted from all Sir George Sinclair's and Sir Francis Burdett's vapouring in the north about " the trial of strength ?" Over and over again, while they were prpgressing through the manu* facturing districts, they solemnly promised to bring it about prior to the coronation. " The Whigs," said Sir George Sinclair, " shall not have the naming of the peers at the coronation: that is a matter I have fully and finally determined. They may flatter themselves that they will be able to appoint whom they like ; but they reckon without their host. I have resolved the contrary, for I will myself submit a motion to the House of Commons which shall produce a trial of strength: the Whigs are sure to be defeated; they will be expelled from office,- and they shall not have the choice of tne coronation peers." [Vide Sir G. Sinclair's speech at Stockport.] He repeated the same threat wherever he went, and he was duly backed and supported by Sir F. Burdett, who on more than one occasion (for their speeches were nearly the same, word for word, at every place they visited) ex- pressed his astonishment that tihe Whigs had so long maintained themselves in office, contending that they existed only on sufferance, and undertaking that when he returned to London he would put a period to their tenure of power by some proposition in the House of Commons which would prove their weakness and the strength of their adversaries. Where there is smoke there is fire, we are told, but here all has been smoke-without any fire. It has turned out mere vapouring and bullying-an attempt to humbug and delude the mechanics of the north of England, who were not, however, to be deceived, but laughed in their sleeves at the two itinerant baronets, while they swallowed the dinners provided for them by the Conservatives, as the ^reat inducement for the workmen to attend the "meetings. Since he came back to London, two or three months ago. Sir F. Burdett has not even opened his lips; he has not been entrusted with such a thing as a petition from any part of the kingdom to give him an excuse' for speaking; though he has daily attended in his place, and, dressed en garcoji, has assumed a youthful exterior, in doleful contrast with his physical infirmity. Sir George Sinclair, too, has been unremitting in his attendance : he has been always to be seen on the floor, in the galleries, or in the lobbies, but invariably alone-perhaps, like another great man, " never less alone than when alone"-cogitating on the course he would pursue, and on the best mode of getting out of the scrape in which he had involved himself and his party. His dreary dreamy look has often reminded us of the dialogue between ^rmorfo and his page, and we can fancy we hear him asking his valet, while di'essing for his daily appearance in the House of Commons- What sign is it when a man of great spirit grows melancholy 1 Moth: A great sign, Sir, that he will look sad. Sir George Sinclair is a man of great spirit, who has grown melancholy, and therefore looks sad, and much as we thought, while Sir George was in the north, that due vigilance was not exercised by his friends, we have thought much more since he returned to town that the strictest superiutendcnce wa.s required, considering' the vicinity of the Thames and the utter despondency of the object of our remarks. For some time after he quitted Lancashire and Yorkshire we daily inspected the votes in expectation of finding the entry of a notice of motion by Sir George Sinclair to bring the possession of office to issue ; but for the last month or more, observing the increasing malady of the honourable member for Caithness, we have given up the notion, and have been rather looking forward to his unhappy disappearance from public life. We can easily imagine that the predicament in which he is placed, and, above all, the fact that he cannot prevent ministers from nominating the coronation peers, preys upon his mind and robs lam of his nightly rest. We can the more readily believe it from often seeing the honourable baronet stretched at length upon the gallery benches, and endeavouring to woo " nature's sweet restorer,*' under the most favourable circumstances of a long speech from the opposition side of the House. In ihis situation he has sometimes lain-we can hardly say slept -so uneasily that we have expected him to start like Richard from his dream with A peer, a peer, a kingdom for a peer ! The case, we can assure our readers, is not one to excite laughter, and it is our anxious wish that the friends of Sir G. Sinclair should treat it, as we do, very seriously. PROFESSIONS AND ACTIONS OF THE INDEPENDENT RE- FORMERS. Morning Post-^We trust that the history, during the present session of Parliament, of that party which pretends to the title of "the independent Refonners," will not be lost upon the observant part of the community. We do not believe that, since the worst days of ignorance, superstition, and slavery, there has been exhibited anything more base, creeping, unmanly, and selfish, than the conduct of these servile pretenders to independent prin ciples. On no one occasion during the sessio.i of Parliament have they ventured to step out of the position of mean ministerial hacks, and yet with what a hypocritically inflated air of disinterestedness and determination they entered upon their career, causing, for the moment, their silly dupes to believe that they were really capable of soaring above the herd of ministerial flatterers and cringing waiters upon preferment! Let us look back for a moment at the commencement of the session, and of Queen Victoria's first Parliament. Let us call to mind the affectation of anger and dismay with which the moderate and almost Conservative declarations of Lord John Russell w^ere received during the first week of that session. How ardent was the indignation of the excellent Wakley -how deep the under-current of wrathful regret in the bosom of the philosophic Hawes! What terrible things suggested themselves to the active mind of Mr. Warburton, and what clouds of dull despair struggled their weary way through the foggiest of mental regions, the brains of Hume ! How pungent in its reproof, and yet how diplomatically cautious in propounding its plan of operations, was the weekly organ of the pseudo independents. The speech of Lord J. Russell was said to be one, *' the irrationality and offensiveness of which no irritation could excuse." It was described as " a Vandal declaration of war against any step of improvement beyond the rotten ground of the Reform Bill." The conclusion come to from a consideration of the government manifesto thus described vras worthy of the political logic in which the "independent Reformers" of the Hume, Bulwer, Hawes,, and Examiner school are such proficients. They determined in consequence of this " Vandal declaration against improvement" on the part of the government, that it was extremely proper, to support the governmeiit lest the Tories should come in. These very independent worthies knew extremely well that however Vandal and savage might be the course of hostility to improvement pursued by the Whig government, they had a much better chance under that government of places for clamorous constituents, or baronetcies for themselves (if perchance their inclinations should take that particular direction,) than they could possibly have under a Tory government. They therefore saw, and said they saw. their course clear before them; in the first place they were to keep out the Tories, but lest that sole policy might be deemed rather narrow, for independent and philosophical Reformers, and become somewhat suspicious even to the dullest of the public, it was announced that they really had a positive as well as a negative object. They said- The course of the Reformers is clear-to unite in one firm body-to concentrate into a single policy their immediate objects-to press these objects on the government firmly but without bitterness. The hypocrites ! This was their declared plan, but what have they done ? Was there ever-under any system of representation-such a course of abject servility to ministerial influence shown as has been shown by these "Reformers'?" Was there ever within the memory of free Parliaments known a party professing to have distinct views of policy which so held back from iloing anything beyond giving slavish votes to a feeble and strug- ;