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Athens Southern Watchman (Newspaper) - April 30, 1862, Athens, GeorgiaA poem Rolf at to Iii. Athens Georgia wednesday morning april 30. La re to circulation of any paper eve published in Athens Iersch fourth paper. To have again got a lot of paper but Oli Wlms a price�?$7.50 per Ream Good paper Only Cost is $3.25 twelve months ago. With such prices for paper and every thing else proportionally High How Are to to furnish our Sheet at $2 a year and yet Strango to say Many persons who Are indebted to us one two Throe four five six seven eight ten and even twelve years refuse or fail to pay that is there Justice in such treatment a pair of hams at $�>.00 to give our readers some idea of the manner in which we Are a skinned a we May mention a the fact that we paid last week Twenty a five dollars for a pair of Bacon hams in 1849, with $24.00 we bought enough pork to do our family All the next year indeed to sold some Bacon. In 1843 we bought a pretty Good horse for Ono half the amount those hams Cost us let those who withhold what they Are justly owing us think of these things Tableaux. We learn that the Tableaux were Well attended at the town Hall last week and netted a considerable sum for the Benefit of sick soldiers amp a. Another hone or. m. Russ died it Hie residence in this town on wednesday evening last. The deceased had been a citizen of the place Many years we believe lie was one of our oldest citizens. He had we believe passed the period allotted for Hitman life by the psalmist. Unusually robust and Active his health had been very Good until within the last year or two. Universally respected to 1ms gone to his Reward and will be Long remembered by o in people. Com stir .11 manufactures. We Are pleased to record the fact that or. R. Seli Evenell has succeeded in making machinery for the manufacture of Cotton cards an article so much needed throughout thou Southern confederacy at this time. To Are now using printing Ink of our own manufacture which is much he in Quality than we have bought for several years past. Owing to the High Price of materials however it is Quito expensive. Double barrelled Cannon a or. has invented a double barrelled Cannon for throwing Chain shot which has Ion cwt sgd and found to work satisfactorily. Two shots Are confined to Trio Ond of a Chain and one placed ill each Barite of the gun. The bores of which diverge slightly and cause the balls to separate the full length of the chains cutting Down everything in their path. Of course the barrels Are tired simultaneously. Fort Jackson. Trio enemy utterly faded to reduce this Noble stronghold at or near the Mouth of the Mississippi. They passed it however with their gunboats and ascended the River to new Orleans. How every heart in the confederacy thrilled As from Day to Day the news was borne by Telegraph that the Bravo Garrison still bold out but it seems that their valor and the strength of the works were not sufficient to save Trio oily which doubtless is now in the hands of the enemy. Promotion. To Are pleased to learn that Robert Flournoy Sou of n. C. Flournoy fsq., of this place has been promoted to a first lieutenant by in the Confederate Navy. The Sens. We regret that we have no better nows to offer our readers this week. It is our duty to give them such As comes into our Possession whether Goodlor bail. We Hope to have something better next time. Idol try. One of the strongest passions of the human soul is idolatry and hence it is the first thing mentioned in the decalogue and the old testament scriptures Are Lull of warnings against it. Nor Tye these warnings unnecessary. Alter god had miraculously delivered his Peculiar people from the or enemies by taking them dry shod through the red sea and when in the midst of thundering and lightnings and earthquakes and fire and Smoko. He was conversing audibly with Moses in mount Sinai Aaron the Privet was calling non the people to join him in the worship of the Golden calf he had a undo on people Are shocked at this picture of human depravity and yet Thoy Are daily practising Tho same species of idolatry. To Are threatened with utter destruction a War desolate our land lean Lank and hungry famine is following in Tho blood stained footsteps of War and yet some of Bur priests Are calling upon Tho people to worship not literally a Golden calf who Civ they Havo made but to How Down to the Host of a a calves who happen to possess Gold in other words instead of denouncing Tho extortion so Rife in Tho land As god requires them to do they Endeavor to excuse it a More especially when Practised by the Rich Mou of their congregations 1 nor do they Stop Here. They arrogant Bess War by Railroad a and in justification of the same to Lay before the House and Tho country the following is our reasons Viz a a believe that there is no pm Wor granted by the Constitution either expressed or implied that authorizes Congress in appropriating or seizing the property of states or persons and placing the Samo Oit Lior for temporary or permanent purposes in the hands of Tho executive or any Wise disposing of Samo without the consent of the owners thereof. Of the contrary to believe that the Constitution expressly prohibits Ami denies such Power for article 1, Seton a a a a Quot Claros that a the right of the people to. To secure in their persons houses papers and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures shall not to a a 2. To believe that this act Dilip become a Law would to subversive of and in direct contravention to the great and fundamental principles of stale sovereignty Tho right to regulate their own Domestic institutions being Ono of those in alienable sacred rights reserved by Tho states composing our confederacy and. The destruction of which would inevitably tend to Tho speedy destruction of our liberties. �?o3. We believe Tho act to be altogether inexpedient and uncalled for and that the several railroads in Tho con fed Ralo states a All of which have been prompt and willing to Aid the government to the very utmost of their capacity and charges have been and will continue to be far better managed by their presidents and directors chosen by the stockholders who Aro More conversant with All the minute and complicated details of their roads and the proper and economical Maniago Knicos e of Ipoh 50o mrs Nancy Nichols 1 a a a a to 5t or win Seymour 1 or Sualau Tato 5>c or a j Seymour 1 Confederate lady 1 mrs h h frito 25c Milmary Carrol 25c. Quot Taco growing wheat crop. A Friend writing from 1i�.u, inform us that Tho wheat drop id an entire failure in that county. He says mildew first App Zarud on the a takes near Tho ground then rust Ond now whole Field so dry and dead a hundreds of acres ii ave of Boon ploughed up and planted with Corn. End hundreds More would be if Thero wore labourer to do it. To Havo be re of rust on Tbs Blade for some week or by assume the right to assign to Tho Al ment of it heir Means of transportation Tymn. A a is ii i i the executive or hip military subordinates mighty a position in the present conflict Cou j it is not for us to say what his position i a Pul. ,c,0 Fanti 0tier equally cogent is but to think we Are warranted by our j reasons which must occur to every in Coli Reading of the scriptures to say that so i gent mind not unreasonably depressed by Long As our priests and people practise sue i open Down right idolatry As is now so prevalent in the land we need not expect the divine Blessing. A a military necessity a constitutions a. Heretofore it Lias been the prevalent id calf Tho world that written constitutions rigidly adhered to could alone preserve the Public liberties. These old fashioned notion to Aro eos a to Sec Are about to give Way to the doctrine of a a military the Che agencies and Vicissitudes through which Providence has decreed that we should pass in on Progress to National Independence and which we Hope and believe Are but the precursor s of Victory and Success to protest against said act and respectfully request that this our protest to entered on the journal. Sigurd a a Augustus r. Ski omit. A a Thomas j. a reminiscence of the in not t All will recollect with Wlms in tere.-1 Trio whole country looked to Tho action of Congress in reference to Critton a _ ,. Denis plan of Settle nuut in the latter part of 18g0 Ami if Tyllo people quietly ii Quiesce ill 8f�. Alary persons believed Crittenden was then attention militia gov. Brown has Given notice that he will require such of Tho militia is Are not subject to conscription to continue their drills amp a. As heretofore. Counter fit . To Aro informed that counterfeit Shin Pla slurs of the Augusta savings Bank Are in circular lion in this place 1 Well Tho Man i to would counterfeit Shi plasters is capable of any thing Low and mean. The full of new or inns. To fear Thuro can be no longer any doubt As to the ate of the great commercial Emporium of Tho South. Tho intelligence that the Cotton Aud Public stores were destroyed affords some gratification a but the Susie bin that this Groat calamity the usurpation praised upon their rights and tolerate Tho violations of the Constitution lately perpetrated this doctrine of a a military necessary will soon convert this land of Liberty into a Mil Tity despotism or something worse. Are the people ready for this ? real in connection with this subject Trio following article which we exact from a late number of the chronicle amp Sentinel a we Are glad to see from the protest of messes. Wig it of Georgia and Foster of Alabama against the seizure of the railroads by Tho government that there Are some members of Congress that Are willing to recognize Tho fact that there is such a thing As the Constitution of Trio Confederate states. So in a a time had elapsed since that document bus been mentioned and so continually had its provisions been ignored and violated that there existed some doubt if it had not been totally annulled by Congress in some of its secret sessions. In spite of the Plain provisions of the Constitution against internal improve mints by the general government which formed such valid ground of complaint against Tho old government we find Tho constitutional objection against building lines of railroads in Louisiana and Texas and Tho Danville connection in Ortli Carolina very feebly urged and to believe it has been enacted that these roads shall be built in direct violation of the Constitution. Thus Tho Lati Turmarkin principles of the old government Are perpetuated. Tho same plea of military necessity which was used by Trio Federal government to justify Tho building of the Pacific Railroad which was so bitterly opposed by the strict of the South is used to excuse these violations of the Plain provisions of the Confederate Constitution. This plea of military necessity has become to be the excuse for All of usurpation so not Only for building railroads for taking private property for Public uses without compensation for abridging the Liberty of the citizen for interfering with Trade but oven for repealing the Laws of the stale and taking the command of its militia out of the hands of its governor or for his willingly and a illegally yielding up his prerogatives. If military necessity is always to excuse every arbitrary act of the general government and every infringement of private rights it is 6est no longer to deceive the Puoplo with Tho idea that they live under a government controlled by Constitution and Laws. No people in any ago of Tho Wori a have been More ready than ours to give up everything for the cause in which they Are struggling but they cannot see is Tho result iliac to Iii in of a a masterly tween their liberties and military despotism broken Down and Thoy will therefore Admire Tho manliness of those Public men who have the courage to protest against any arbitrary Assumption of Power. We copy from the proceedings of Congress on monday Trio following protest or. Foster of Alabama offered Tho following protest and salted that it he on de on the Man qts c a two Trio undersigned members via a first session of the first True to the South while others thought to was preparing to desert her Ami go Over to the enemy. The f allowing is a copy of a letter written to or. Crittenden about that Timo by our highly esteemed Friend lion. X. L. Hutchins of Lawrenceville and which a Friend sent to us the other Day. As what Tho a judge then predicted has since become history to tru amp the will Pardon Tho Liberty to take in any aug this letter before the Public. Lattik Scevill ga., Jan. 10, Istl. Hon. A it it in j. Crittenden v. S. A allow incas act leu of Georgia to express to you Iny Bauks for your patriotic exertions in Labouring to save our common country from Groat injury if not from ruins but while i do this 1 am Juite sure that your efforts to a ave the Union a it is must fail. The antagonism of Tho North and South is Radical and incurable there is no boo that both can Liru in under the same general system neither one will yield to Tho other except by of co. When that is resorted to Tho Union is gone of course and what kind of governments May follow it is vain to guess. I cannot doubt that the Timo has Como or is close at hand when Tho North Aud South the free Amke i pc st Tea. Mint ski Nite. Dun to ii to done and save the rights of All ? 1 do not doubt it unless the sort h Han determined. To subjugate the South a to carry out in or Yaniz enforce if of a a a in begun irregularly by join Prutch. Tho Only plan suggested to my mind is to take your proposition in part that is As to Tho division of Tho territory Aud lot Tho North and South peaceably separate agreeing that although they will in the future form distinct organizations Commerce Frioud Sycip and postal arrangements Between them shall to , and that a Alliance offensive and defensive shall Cousin us to exist. In making this separation the Public property besides Tho territory which Caubo divided by Tho Lino you suggest shall to divided equally according to population and that Tho Public debt shall by Ruto ably paid of Tho same basis. This would re Licce the of our Northern friends who feel it a religious duty to abolish slavery lie cause they say it is in their government Aud All would go on in peace hereafter while to Branch of Public or private business of either Section would to injured. Thun each Section could Sujoy their religious opinions and worship their god in their own Way without off Enjo to others. This could avoid Icar and All the horrors that Are just ahead of us. Separation is inevitable Tho Only question is How is this to to effected with to least injury to All concerned it seems to Mon and us both Seet ious of the country Are at presort a Plain such As i suggest might to acceptable to All it would at least be just to All Chile it could avoid that greatest of All calamities tear be Ticeen the sections which must end a in eternal estrangement after the greatest injury a been inflict us on All a cations of the country. Pardon a for troubling Yon with this and believe me / very truly yours. . Hutchins. Lessie we amounts Soru Clark Vij ladles gunboat mid. The patriotic ladies of our loud with a be amp a and Devotion exceeding that of their revolutionary grandmothers Are Foremost in very Good work. Judging by Tho amounts we Havo received for the gunboat fund we Are satisfied they will soon make that Enterprise a splendid Success. Since our last Issue the following have been received. It will to seen that it Clarksville the servants Havo contributed to the Good Christy enclosed we Send $85 00 contributed by the following ladies of Clarkesville for the a a Georgia gunboat fund also $2 10, from servants. Respectfully Mattie a. Houston mollify j. Fuller. Clarkesville ga., april 20, 1802. Mrs. A. J. Nichols s3 mrs. M. A. Houston $5 mrs. It. E. Mcmillan $5 miss a elite Wyly $1 airs. Jamos m. Hughes $1 mrs. Or. Neoly $1 mrs. R. C. Kete Huin $1 mrs. C. Cal Ier a mrs. Via. Berry $1 miss ii. C. Lambert $1 mrs. John Lyly $5 miss Jennie wryly $1 mrs. J. C. Add Sou $2 mrs. We. S Erwin $2 50 airs. A. Erwin $2 miss Julia Erwin $1 airs. Mattie Bird $1 mrs. Susan Bird $1 mrs. J. W. Fuller $2 50 mrs. H. A. Fuller $1 mrs. L. It. Fullor a miss Mol lie j. Fuller $1 mrs. H. L. Smith $1 mrs. Or. Moore $1 miss Minnie wooldrige50 cute mrs. E. S. Barclay. $2 a mrs. J. Van Burn $1 miss Zoe Stanford $1 mrs. N. 1�. Alley $1 mrs. L. M. Hughes $1 airs. Silas Addison 50 Eta mrs. John Porter $1 mrs. J. E. Griggs $2 mrs. Lyly Thompson $1 mrs. C. U. Sutton $2 50 airs John a Todd 50otmrs. Mary showers $3 mrs. Or. Phillips $5 miss Lizzie Phillips $1 mrs. E. Star Ritt $5 mrs. D. Seitz $2 miss a. Horshaw $1 mrs. S. J. A Laskett $1 a lady i miss Sallie Griggs �1 miss Mattie griggs$1 miss Lou gaily $1 miss Harriet gaily a. F. Collected from Jackson two past in this Section but b id hoped that no serious damage would ensue. If a general blight shall come upon wheat Tho consequences will to truly disastrous. Notwithstanding com is Surv a handout we had to pay $1.40 per Bushel for meal the other Day should the wheat drop f do will the shy asks he satisfied with less than $5 per Bushel for Ecru cheap living i to cuty five dollars a pair for Hacon hips a sixteen dollars per Bushel for salt�?$1.40 for meal�?$11 for flour�?35 cents for Lar Dju do. Fur butter do. For chickens Aud 20 cents for Ogu a cheap living in Athens but who cares done two All know that a a Cotton is k ing a the third Georgia at South h Lus. We Are indebted to a Friend Lor the following extract of a letter from an officer of Tho Athens guards giving an account of Tho Lato fight at South Mills a Bank or dismal swamp canal. . April 2lst, 18c2. J just after Sunrise on saturday morning last the men who had not awake were aroused by Tho keen report of Cannon. This was continued for 20 or 30 minutes when Tho companies in Advance of us passed by Tho Church at which we were stationed and us received orders to full Back with them 4 Sinilo to an entrenchment. Halting them for a moment col. Wright sent an order from South Mills to fall Back there instantly that was five Miles further. We had insufficient transportation even for our sick Aud had to lug our baggage or lose it. We wore ordered with the Young guards to remain at abridge under command of col. Lee and Burn it and thus protect Tho approach from e. City while Tho bal Anco of our forces were to engage Tho of my then advancing up the other Side of the River . The firing soon Cosmu eucled at d we could Bear it distinctly. You cannot imagine the impatience our boys Felt to leave their posts and pitch in for there was no Upp Caranto of an enemy where we were. But to had positive orders and therefore Dure not leave. After several hours artillery lighting and about one hour Musket i Irving Tho noise suddenly ceased just As the sound died away a a Hout ensued mud All noise died away. Then it was that we were ordered up to join the other companies. We Mot the Fulling Back i Good order but the Yankees did not follow. We took a stand while the other companion fell Back still to the rear and seeing a detachment of Captain Hendon a company out Serui Ishaug in front of us to mistook them for Yankees and major Lee ordered Hie Cannon which to had kept with our two companies to open upon them. Our boys wore so anxious to shoot that they also fired upon them with their Enfield and we had almost destroyed them before they could get out of Tho Way we did not however thank god Hurt any of them. But this i Irving and the sight of our two com put bios Strows out As to were Whitn to brought up Pur reinforcements together with the tremendous resistance our men had in Tho fight determined the Yankees to fall Back also this they did it night hut knowing they had five thousand men and could be largely reinforced before Day and not knowing they had any idea of retreating colonel Wright called a counsel of War Aud finding the we had loss than one thousand Moa and but Little More ammunition none for one of on Cannon the counsel desired him to full Back to a safer place and await in us much As our position could there be turned with ease by so Largo a Force of the. Anteus had. To fell Back several Miles Iii night and received a Force yesterday so Large As to make us eager to return to the contest. But just As to were about to move Forward a dispatch was received by Flag of truce from the Yankees asking permission to t Ury to licit dead. we do not know certainly How Many Yankees wore killed. But it is thought by those who were in the fight that at least 60s wore made to a a bite Tho i suspect this is Largo estimate but our men did certainly Light like devils. To lost Only about 10 or 12 killed and As Many Intro wounded. Lieut. Wilson from Biardstown was wounded Aud Timken prisoner a or. Jernigan who refused to love him was also taken. Dock elder of Cut. Chudon s company was to Foar taken prisoner. 11c has not come in. None of his men killed unless elder was. All cant. Billups boys Are Safe of course As none of them were engaged hut Buck Vincent. He fought will Cut. Jlon Duus a men. Capt. Beall and oapl Griffin s men were not in Tho Light but in Reserve. We did not have More than three Hundred men in the fight besides Cut. Comas artillery company. We had three pieces of artillery engaged and the Yankees three. Capt. Comas was killed. I have lost All my clothes. Many of our boys had to throw away Knapsack a in the rapid Marsh Bat we Arnouil eager to meet Tho Yankees in anything like equal combat. Gen. Blanchard col. Wright and a thousand troops have gone to the Battle last night. Amajor Lee and the balance of the forces Aro awaiting Here above South Mills for orders. After the foregoing was received and too late for this Issue two letters from Tho a Clarke county rifles were received. This company nut Only participated but bore a distinguished part in the engagement. To regret that we have no room for these letters. The following extract from the captains letter gives a list of Tho casualties in that company a Cwm. Loving killed we. V Fri Gnu severely wounded in Tho face James of. Lowroy slightly wounded in Tho spine by concussion Walden Wise slightly in the hand we. C. Vannally was grazed on the fun Lieut. Crenshaw had his Cap knocked off and his sword Bent by a Ball who took his place in Tho ditch and fired 27 rounds. Or. 13. Elder is to learn by another letter that or. Elder is a prisoner in the hands of Tho enemy. O doubt but that our c Larke Beys acquitted of Selvy a with great credit. A. A a it -----50 cts without a murmur All Tho Barrio a by a Kiah Wright 25 cts Little Lula Rocta Charles i k�?z., afro nun is stove is Moil 25ot. Collected by mite Martha Matthew at Juja Leobel Nachant . Miltus Matthews $2 mrs. K j. A Stiek s2 miss Martha Matthews #1 miss n. C. Congress bog Roost respect mss Matthews ii mrs. E. Cereij Ohton 2 miss m. Ami j. Creighton st mrs m. A Barnett $5 mrs. C. S. Batter $1 miss 11. J. Butler $1 mrs. S. K. Cash 25 cts Nicy moon40 miss c. A. Bre Olts 80cts mrs. Milton Hancock $1 mrs. M. A. A it air $1 mrs. A Una Sharp is mrs. $3 miss Josephine Carter s3 misses Eugenia and Mattie Barnett 50 e s. Mine e. J. Atm cock a Liat of to the gunboat fund collected Idebel Czar Vicinity Jacheo Ca. Miss e j Hancock is mrs j r Hancock 2 mrs Mhz oth , son. 1 mrs m a Patman 4 miss Oltaria than 50c Mist Georgia Patman 50c miss Olivia Usjuko i miss Georgia a Moel Banon 1 mrs Ste wait Quot Luau of 1 mrs Julia p my Eunan 1 Misa Juno a mrs j e wills 5 mrs c a wilis 2 mrs Meli to Welc Oroo Back to our columns our old Friend a Samuel a who will lie remembered by our readers of former years. Like a True Patriot be is satisfied with the position of to private in the ranks. As will be seen be bus lost none of his ancient vigor us a writer Savannah ga., april 2fith, 1882. John h. Christy has been a Long time since i penned a sentence for the watchman with the readers of which 1 need to hold voluminous converso on various subjects of Public policy Ever the signature of a a Samuel and other Cognomen. You Aud your patrons have nut forgotten my scribblings i am sure and Wilh your and to Weir permission i new Roposo a renewal of old acquaintance for old Dequain Taco Sake. I Bavo Bien in the , stationed at and near this a Eity for Tho defence Savannah and Tho coast near four months. 1 sought and Havo attained Tho position i desired a that of a High private in the ranks of to Sui Dick. Tho battalion of which i am a member roae hed Savannah on Tho 5rst Day of january last and pitched their tents about Ono mile from the City in its Western suburbs. Here we have remained aver since in a state of in action at least so far As fighting is concerned. Our time however has not been unemployed or spent in inglorious ouse. Tho men have been engaged pretty constantly in fatigue duty Tho hardest kind of labor a in throwing up breastworks and fold fortifications tor Tho def once of the City at every a tent where the enemy might attempt an approach by land in Felling tii Jaburs Aud sinking them in Tho channels loading up to to Fecit so As to obstruct Tho puss ago up Tho River of the on Myhr gunboats in loading old hulks with Sand mud sinking them in building rafts to to sent Down the River to impede or Provost navigation Ond other labors Ino Dunt to military operations in to Field. The Drill in the moan time has not Boon neglected Aud if Opportunity a a for i am of Tho opinion that Tho buys All Ltd we Iii Are from Choro Keo Georgia accustomed to the use or Tho ride from infancy Wilt cause Many n Yankee thief to get Pecac Cable pus Sesslen of what to oar no after�?�pwrrri., the dimensions of three by six feet there is much Barren waste land nuut Savannah and bars 1 Ergo and Roomy fit for nothing hot into j a a a a a Wood Eli us tag Early attack on Savannah believing that Tho Yankee Are now satisfied having re possessed the port thus enabling Tho Lincoln government a a Feo Tully to Ocando Tho River and prevent All ingress and Gross to this port. I am of this opinion. To land any considerable Force below Tho City would be to them a dangerous undertaking. And to March a heavy column against Tho City by land again to Tho Twenty five thousand rift and shot guns Lautoa Aud bayonets in Tho hands of Sharp shooters Aud Bravo Mou fighting of their own soil for their Homos and altars i Oon Celivo utterly impossible. Thoro Are but two or three ways for Tho enemy to reach Tho City by land and these Are studded with Strong defences in thes Apo of breast works mounted Wilh heavy ordnance. We Lave in the coast defence Aud stationed within calling distance of any Point we ire a conflict can he expected to come off several Well appointed artillery and cavalry companies who would claim Tho a place in the picture should such an encounter happen. But i apprehend no attempt will be made in this direction the business being too hazardous for the quiet of the nerves of Maine Connecticut and Michigan Cut throats thieves Chicken stealer House Burrors and marauders. Thoy May attack the City by the River but in doing so Thoy May expect rough treatment from fort Jackson and the batteries below and in passing up every Inch of their Progress will be contested by Tho sharpshooters of our army from its Banks As fast As the villains would show them solves so fast Aud surely would a Minnie or Musket Ball be sent with unerring aim through their carcasses. My opinion upon Tho whole is that the reduction of Savannah forms no part of Tho Lincoln programme at the present time. Their demonstrations Ngo inst fort Pul Ueki and on the coast Are intended Aud designed to re Tail Here a Largo army of confederates and thus prevent them from being sent to rein Vico Beauregard in the West Aud Johnston in Virgini. Time and a few Short weeks perhaps Days will determine this question and to this a Over failing arbiter i submit its solution. In regard to the fall of Pulaski but Little is definitely known Here. That to fort is in the Possession of Tho enemy Aud to disgraced stars and stripes of the old Aud now happily defunct Union Aro floating from its ramparts is undeniably True but of to extent of injury dims to the fort or the casualties within during the awful bombardment through which it Aud its Garrison passed nothing is known. From the correspondence of the n. Y. Herald As i learn this morning i have not read it the Walls of the fort did not suffer any material injury not being perforated by the heavy balls of the enemy a Guus in a single instance. The same authority says that three of the companies composing the Garrison mutinied Aud Tho fighting devolved wholly upon two companies to wit Tho Oglethorpe Light infantry and German volunteers both from this City. Two Irish companies and one company from the Interior of the state utterly refused to take part in Tho action und from this cause the fire of the enemy in front acid the mutinous conduct of the companies mentioned within its Walls the commandant Cal. Olm Stead was forced to yield Aud surrender into to hands of the enemy Trio fort Garrison Cannon munitions and All unconditionally. This information coming As it does from the filthiest of All the lying Lincoln news Pap irs published in Yankee Noodle Lom should be received with doubt and misgiving by Tho Southern Public. It is As natural for Tho Herald to Tell lies and whopping lies As it �3 to find pig Irack round a hog s Bod or for water to run Down Grado. But if Tho statements from that paper Aro based on truth then ail i Havo to say is these mutineers who refused to assist their comrades in the hot ordeal through which they were passing when they return Back to their Homes ought every Rascal of them to be treated to a magnificent reception in Tho shape of a coat of tar Aud feathers a ride upon a Sharp cd god rail and forty minutes Susie Tsiou from Strong limbs in Tho Forest at the cud of swamp Gruppo vines. Such cowards and Ingr amp pcs should never to permitted to take up their habitations again alive in any portion of Tho Confederate states but should to consigned to Tho doom of Tho Felon and be made to fill a felons grave without Benefit of clergy their memories remaining for All time to Como a a unkept in honoured and the state troops by reason of Tho passage of Tho conscript act by the Congress at Richmond Havo All been transferred bag Aud baggage to Tho Confederate government Aud Are now amenable to Confederate authority. Considerable excitement followed Tho announcement in these parts among both officers and men but All this will subside and our a a machine go of in Rob performance of its work As Tho provisions of Tho Bill come to be understood and applied practically to Tho military operations and movements of the country. At present much doubt and uncertainty exists As to Tho provisions of Tho Bill or rather As to their Correct interpretation and meaning and what effect the new order of things will live upon Tho multifarious corps now composing our armies in the Field. Not having read the act Aud withal not being a military Genius i am unable to assist those that Are so much puzzled and troubled about the in caning of certain clan8e8 in the provisions of the Law out of their difficulty. Ail must patiently await the action of the president in executing Tho Law and Tho orders to be i8saed from to War department at Richmond for Correct information on All the Points now forming the subject matter of the general disputation. One fact is certain every Man in Tho Confederate states Between Tho Ages of is Aud 35 years is now a Soldier subject to to called into Active service in the Field any Day that president Davis May see proper to Call for him. Theros no room for Cavil upon this Point and All men falling within this category May context themselves accordingly. Then let All go to rubbing up his shooting Iron be it shot gun Musket or Rifle for you know not what oven an hour May bring Forth. Our country is being invaded and our cities at every Point approachable by the enemy and All the brains All Tho nerve ail Tho muscle courage bravery endur Auoe patience and determination of every Man and woman in the confines of Tho sunny South will be called into requisition to meet and successfully overcome the hordes of Northern goths nuns vandals and lombards who Aro warring against us and forging chains to enslave our posterity for All Timo to come in a bondage a thousand times worse than the israelite suffered at pharoah�?T8 hoods in Egypt in View of the possibility of a occupation of the City by Lincoln a forces Many families have loft and sought shelter to the Interior towns and villages and in the country. To streets everywhere present a denuded appearance so far tut population is concerned and business of every description presents Tho same lifeless unhealthy aspect. The business of measuring tape Tho dry goods part is in the hands and conducted principally by radar Irons looking Cushion footed jews that infest and Hare a nosed every Hamlet Village town and City in the land. They utterly refuse to shoulder their muskets and fight in defence of the invaded South Andas to making donations to our various hospitals or furnishing our soldiers or their suffering wives and child ecu with needful supplies without two prices for every article they Are As Ulear of it As is a dog of a soul. It is characteristic of a jew to be engaged in the clothing Trade always Haring old a Yarmeak on Ali or shelves for Sale. They started this business at Jerusalem about 1802 years ago upon the occasion of the crucifixion of Ono Jesus of a Sarott a a casting lots for his Gramonte a and they Havo been persistently following up the vocation of their a illustrious predecessors in Tho clothing business eve since Andas clothing is an item univ Cully wanted by Tho Al doors those patriotic Geutry Are having now and Are Likely to have a feast of fat tilings ill tits Tiapon Largo profit. A a la their governor Brown s system doctrine out to have Boon tor this on against the to provide hew emn protest entitled a an expeditious ito is of of is Nim will a Molita Goss Mem would not Only have endorsed his coujilf7 but cheerfully acro Lowood in it and u "4 it is not too Lato for Hon to act Yot in the a Rit til. Ptt.1. And in View of the fact that any article 0f f no Corsley will in a Short time by Itasca of. T Orloos to utterly Hoy and Tho Roach of alar a a a to Quot of families in this 3ug, i Hopo to will a to y Nam Nelv Ulm a Fol it inn lev a inf n in. I _. A i promptly and officious by to put a Stop to Tho. Nilli Imi intent Araw Horn nil la Pliner my a Quot pillage now every whore afflicting and cursing 0� j Tho limes demand this course on the part of it a. It ii nonsense to leave this matter to to i a a pah i sentiment a mor. E l by u Public sent mint. Who what class control Public sentiment in Geo j every body with a thimble full of brains know it is Tho wealthy capitalist audit Beinus a to flow a i world who manufactures Public opinion and a it it in a anti Miil Anji Shl. R Aid Coutil Public sentiment. Aud is it human for a Man. Or class of men Todo want it is a Imin Frau their pecuniary interest and supremacy i0 j09idea is ridiculous Tho very Acme of Absurdity o taoists and Money hucksters and Money Chin those very men who originate and by a Iii of funds govern Public sentiment in this country a cry men who Aro forestalling the Market Ana Ingup and demanding two three and four Price ? a very article of necessity demanded by their who Are less fortunate in Tho Possession f the Al 1a a a a a a. 1. 1. T i. A. A dance of this worlds self but who must live a tire they Aud their offspring unless a speedy Tonai is put to Tho disgraceful impositions daily hourly momentarily Practised upon them by the greedy Over whore infesting to Community. Prices la. Savannah for everything drank or Mastic ted by Aro exorbitant beyond any thing Bosforo experienced Tho oldest inhabit -1�?and if the City has the n. I no proportion of poor people within its limits Hoart dependent of their daily labor for meat and Are a Jujj trades and callings and All business being in a state of almost per oct stagnation l cannot for Tho life of conjecture Liow or whereupon Thoy manage to Suttin life and keep soul and body together. That Theroi Iuit at this writing be Actu amp i suffering and much of a i among the More Audi Cut families docs not in opinion admit of a doubt. In Savannah the Confer Tho Rice culture and Trade in the South this article of prime Noc Misity has advanced in Price and wifi con it Tiniuc to Advance at a time too when the heavy of 186i is still now on hand unsold and impossible a of exportation to foreign markets by reason of i Sembhi i blockade of our ports. Why this Advance in the Price of this article Thuro is to reason for it Neiner Justice for common sense and those who Are run in no up Tho Price ought not Only to be denounced Ami Trow Cal Down but unceremoniously ejected from an Oati aged Community. A so of every other article in the culinary department consumed by a family. Bacon count met from 40 to 50 Contaj meal $2.25 and $2.50 Luver and $15 chickens 75 cents eggs 03 vents pork 25 and Mutton 20 cents etc., Oto. All kinds of vog Tablet of which Tubero seems to to Groat band Luce an the Market maintaining correspondingly High Fig Meg. P Tho free air of heaven could be appropriated by or Tail Linco Luite speculators and Laud Sharks that info this and All other cities and communities in the Confederate states Tho monopoly would to consummated Aud what our Beneficent creator designed for Tho free to and fruition of All would have to be bought and paid Forat so much for Overy imbibition of breath into the Luigi. The water itself and fire with which the food of oar people is Savory for the palate would he appropriated by these patriotic Gentry that arc doing to much for our country in this her hour of sore di3trcsa and greatest need. These shylock ought to be branded with a infamy so indelibly imprinted that Roither time not circumstances shall be sufficient to wipe out the stain. The people s detestation should follow them us Iorgu they Livo Aud be visited of their posterity to the fiftieth generation. The tory of 1770 was of angelic character compared with the men of Tho present Day who Are socking to enrich themselves from this Rar of Independence in which All True sons f Tho soil Uro Aow engaged and accumulate property from Tho heart a blood of our Brave do Feador a the fold of carnage and death and Tho shrieks lamentations and piteous petitions of their furnishing wives and Little ones for bread. I Havo reached Tho Bottom of my twelfth Page of foolscap and will close fearing that i am wearying you and to Road or. I Bavo written this hurriedly disregarding style and Tho phraseology employed to express the thoughts presented to my mind in the rapidity of composition. I have written too on both sides of my paper this your compositor will not like. The paper is however thick the manuscript legible and i Hope Tho Printer will not to sorely puzzled to decipher my a biography. The grammar orthography and punctuation i warrant to be a no. I. Should you print this do As you please with it i May trouble you with a other letter after awhile detailing such facts und incidents occurring in this locality As i May think will be interesting to Yon Aud your patrons. Wit i Best wishes for you Porso Jally and in the Hope that Tho Farmers of Georgia May Plant no Cotton that they May to visited with propitious seasons and gather in the summer and autumn a superabundant yield of Oats Rye wheat peas potatoes Beans Aud Corn i remain As always so now your Aud their obedient servant 17, a. Lewis. For Tho Southern watchman. The duration of the War. There to doubt exists a deep solicitude in the minds of Many of on people to Knour when the troubles of this fraternal War How so frightfully raging will subside. As a matter of course great anxiety linger deeply in the bosoms of Many a Kina father Mother wife und sister for those beloved ours who have left a comfortable Hogue surrounded by All the tin Dearing smiles of the family circles exposing themselves to Tho privations and hardships incident to a Camp life in defence of their country upon the dreary Battle Fields. To this end there have no doubt been Nanny opinions formed and fond Hopes cherished at times of a speedy termination which have been utterly blasted and Drif cd hence like Cliff before the wind. To cannot the curtain of the future and look info its deep recesses what it hits in store for us. This alone remains to god. Rod is an unchangeable being a a the Sauie yesterday to Day and his divine Laws by which he governs Tho universe Are equally unchangeable therefore Tho Only Way we Cau judge the future is by the past and if we judge the future by the past we May by the blessings of god s word Arrivo at some reasonable conclusion. The history of nations shows conclusively that Pride vanity and luxury have been the vacillating pillars from which Many have drifted into irretrievable ruin and destruction. There is scarcely Over a War that occurs but the primeval cause he traced to Pride for a a Only by Pride says the scriptures a a Conoth Contention. Then again Pride goeth before destruction &c.,�?� prot a. Lo�?18. It was to destroy the spirit of Pride that our blessed Saviour was manifested 111 so much meekness and humility. Pride therefore is inimical to Tho Sovereign will of god a it Luj when anon lightened nation enjoying the privileges of Tho teachings of the go Pel turns therefrom to the grovelling sensuality of Pride vanity and vain glory it t that
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