Anti Gallican Monitor (Newspaper) - September 24, 1815, London, Middlesex
THE MONITOR HISTORY OF THE EMBASSY IN THE GRAND DUCHY of WARSAW, IN 1812. j�e Prjdt, Archbithop of MRCnttK, and then French Amhcistador at Warsaw. By M. (Continued from our latt.} " The very day that my nomination to the Embassy was signified to me, the Count cU, JSarbokne, Aide-de-Camp to the Empkror, arrived from Wilua. He had been previously dispatched to Berlin to administer narcotics to the Cabinet of the King of Prussia. 1 found him at the house of Count Sen ft, where he had alighted. Me was proceeding to render an account of his mission to the Emperor. I wa� sufficiently acquainted with him to make no dif-fionlty of putting some questions to him with respect to Wilna ; his answers struck me very forcibly ; the substance of them was, that he found the Russians and the Emperor Ai.ex-ANOEftin the best attitude, neither dejected nor elated, f sans abatement ct sans jactance ;J that the EmpkRor had expressed his regret on account of the rupture of his alliance with the Emperor Napoleon ; that he had told him that it was not he who had begun it; that the power and talents of Napoi.ixn were known to him, and were not without their due consideration among the Russians; but that he had only to tali*' the map of Russia in his hand, and that, lie would see that it. was of some extent; that as for his part it should fie only at the extremity of Siberia that he would sign a peace ignominious to his empire. *' From that inmriont I looker! noon our af-fairs as quite desperate: I found in that magnanimous answer every thing which, during the last winter, I had been pointing out to the consideration of the Minister of Police. e of them mentioned a word about it. They are as barren of information on that point as they are on every other. With litis ballast did 1 embark lor- Poland." [Here follows a description of the. country trough which he passed, and some of the par*, ticnlars of his journey, which we designedly pass over, as not likely to interest our Readers.] I stopped a few hours at Wolbureh, the country house of the Bishop of Cajuvie, close by the gate of the town of Peli>kaw. The place is beautiful. 1 found his secretary, a Canon of Cajavie, decorated with the cord and cross of his chapter, who shewed me his jaw broken from the heavy blows which General Count V a nuamme had indicted on him the evening before, because he refused him some Tokay wine, which the General had demanded of him in the most, imperious manner, and which the Canon had denied having, telling him that the King of West-PUM.ia, who had taken up his quarters in the castle the preceding evening, had carried off the whole in his waggons. *' I found the Bishop highlv displeased on account of the proceeding. He, in all likelihood, knew not what sort of gentleman was this same General Vanivvmme. " There, commenced cries and complaints, occasioned by the depredations of the army and its agents. They never ceased for an instant. I recollect a little Jew who came from Warsaw, of whom I asked, " What news?" to reply humourously in Preach, " News ! why that wc have nothing to cat." " I arrived at Warsaw on the 5th of June : an Aidc-de-Camp of General Bigamki, who commanded at. Warsaw, was waiting for me. at the barrier to conduct nie to the place where I was to take up in y lodgings* �f Urulh for mv residence, but the King of Westphalia had taken possesion of it. Count Stanisi.au.-> Potociu v-i'AH so oct rem el v polite, as to accommodate me with the ground floor of hhi hotel. Were it not for this the French Embassy would haw been obliged to put up /vith tine accommodations of an alehouse. iC On the other hand all affairs fell upon me at once, i must see every body - hear every body. This sort of audiences commenced at eleven o'clock in the morning and ended at three in the afternoon, h was my duty to inform myself of every thing; to be on my guard : to study the names; make myself familiar with the countenances, to attend to business of a correspondence of great extent; to a Council of Ministers which Kat daily ; to call the Members of the diets together, and to be present at the opening of the confederation. st The action could not for one moment be stopped: it was lo be co-ordinate with the military movements which by this time must have commenced. Kvery thing was to march straight forward. My Secretaries had not as yet arrived. Every thing fell upon me. Indeed, I am as yet not able to conceive how I could be equal to it : a thousand times wa,l about to yield. However, nothing was behind hand-nothing causod any delay. I opened a large house On the 20th of June, which, until the '27th of December, the day of my departure, was not shut for one day. 1 never was absent at any one sitting of the Council, at any one Assembly in the city, or at any visit, whether the visit was at toy house, or visi's were received at the houses oiotlurs, the whole political machine was in motion, and playT id bit the day appointed. There are ctr-curnstanccB in which time stictcbes and lengthens, if 1 may uee the expression--I have experi- enced that three things besides adi burthen- " The King of Westpu a i.i a, *' The depredations of the army, " The dillieulty of every means of carrying things into execution at. Warsaw. "The King had come to'take the command of the army which had assembled al Warsaw, composed of Saxons, Westphalinns, and Poles, They formed the right of the Grand Army; General Vanoamme commanded the Saxons. " Thi� Prince, whose t-olieitmle caused my days to bung heavily, used to send for me every instant-1 was his resource. 5,ike his brother^, his chattering was eternal, and almost always empty of matter. Like Napoeeon, he dealt, in repetitious without end; he hazards every assertion, says every thing, the same genius for adventure, the same contempt for morality, the same admiration of master-strokesof slate policy ( an euthusiaetic. admiration of his brother. ;" I saw that an affection for his wife and family was predominant in him. Cardinal IV! a till y had been given him as ins First Almoner; he treated him with the most sovereign contempt. His ambition appeared ardent: he aspired to the throne of Poland, and said lo me one day, speaking of the Kin,; of Saxonv, " That wretched King! he believes that thin i - > for him." He expressed himself very stronglv with respect to the Poles, whom he denominated Gascons, and poor wretches. He felicitated himself in having executed a master-stroke, (oo monopolizing is his vainU) by avoiding to take, up his resilience at the Kind's palace, as it. would have the appearance of taking possession of it., This Prince, as vv^ll as the Fmim-uo!:, is of thai, school of philosophers who give and fake their lessons walking-both pass their time in promenading saloons, muk'ng violent gestures and iu talking with a volubility as idle as it is unsuitable to lheir dignity. " Jeiiomr'h elocution is by no weans well! adapted to support the tcdieusncss of his conversations. Nature has neither made this race; eloquent or "raeeful. They aim at being profound, and fall into abstractions, into exaggeration, or info insipidity--nothing natural. As to this King, his understanding in dull, dry, his elocution heavy, and something- mean in his-countenance and his gesture. Qiiiittilian would not have recognized in him any one accinph:>h� pent of the orator. " This Prince look up much of my time, I have never left him without extreme fatigue both of head and limbs. One day-3 was nearly fainting away when Prince ('/AliTuKlNi-iU arrived. I blessed my liberator, and S rescued myself half dead. For four hours did this wretched morial often walk up and down, talking all the time, and dragging me alter him. He w;n mad enough to endeavour to prove to me that Hie Russians would open the campaign bv giving battle, and acting on the oU'en-tove. This system was. agreeable to bun, because he did not doubt but that the Fmpcior would be vietoiions. For this very reason, I maintained, that the Russians would not hazard pitched bat lie:;., as 1 found them quite contrary to their interests: it appeared to me to be much more agreeable to that interest, to tinder us to bury oui selves in the very heait of Russia-;n the midst of a systematic devastai inn, than to see them offering themselves lo the attack;: of an immense army in the plenitude of its energy, at the opening of a campaign. I remarked, that 1 alone of all the Frencli and Pole*; was of this opinion. Tin- reason of this seemed to he, that S did not form my opinion upon what might lx; Hgiceuble to my inleresl, but. on lhe degrees of probability as matter-, appeared. These Gentlemen had mad" their arrangements on tlv calculation of the bv lib--.- lost by Hie Russians, on a rapid march to filo.v/ow, and on the. signing of peace; the necci^;;r-y cou.-eqoence of this expeditious method. To beat the Kme-iai:.-; appeared to them an established light : to lefuse or avoid being beaten was, on the part of the Russians,, j a failure in the proceedings--a kind of violation | of all laws which obliged their enemies to light and be beaten at the day and hour which might | tint them* To what au extravagant height of '