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  • Publication Name: Anti Gallican Monitor
  • Location: London, Middlesex
  • Pages Available: 2,262
  • Years Available: 1811 - 1817
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View Sample Pages : Anti Gallican Monitor, October 22, 1815

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Anti Gallican Monitor (Newspaper) - October 22, 1815, London, Middlesex THE ANTIGAIXICAN MONITOR tfo. 248.-Price f)r/.] " Peace be to Franco, if France in Peace permit '* The just and lineal entrance to our own : " If not, bleed Frnnce-ami Pence ascend t� Heaven. -SJIAKKSTE AHK. OCTOBER 2, 1H1 HISTORY OF THE EMBASSY IN THE GRAND DUCHY of WARSAW, IV 1812. flf. />K Proit, Archbishop of Mtcnr.ix, and then French Ambassador at Warsauf. (Continued from our last ) " Here commenced a new order of things, such as I little suspected, and the tardy knowledge of which made we form a resolution that I would nev�r have any thing move to do with thc'entlernen with whom I unfortunutelv found nivself connected. I discovered that there was no possibility of my being able to .serve those II ho employed me; that the surest way of displeasing them was by giving them information Atri enlightening them ; and that the only way in which 1 could obtain a hearing from them was, to tell them, not matters of fact, and what existed, but that which, agreeably to their illusion* and convenience, they wished to find existing. This character, peculiar to those spoiled children of fortune, was never changed, even for one day during all the time that 1 had any tiling to do with them. It was N a pom: on himself, who, when at the height of his power--in the very centre of all the enjoyments which va~ nitv could produce, who created that species of character which is naturally repugnant to all truth, and which he has found so fatal. All the contemptible apes which surrounded him did not fail to imitate him, nod it. was happily discovered that all his Government was spoiled, because the master himself was so.-"Deplorable riVcct of the despotism of the one and the mean-nous of the others ! Now how is it possible that a man, who listens only to hia conscience, who pees only with his own eyes, who only acts agreeably to his notion of duty, can maintain a proper understanding with people who have inverted every thing ?. This is precisely what happened to me from that date till the time of my depnr" lure from Poland. " i saw the army of General Tormassow forming ; I gave iui'oi mat ion of this ; I fur-in si icd report* which every thing convinced me to he correct. The Duke disputed every point, made subtractions as hio fancy directed, and an unny which I estimated at forty thousand men, he made to consist of twelve thousand. Gen. Tokmassow entered the Duchy from the Both to the i8th of Jo|y0 It is easy to conceive what a sensation that must have produced there. In an instant all on the right .bank of the river passed over to the left: fugitives were arriving from all aides ; consternation reached Warsaw.-- Vengeance was feared on the part of the Russians, who, as it was reported, looked upon this city as the very focus of all their calamities: there was.nothing now heard but of flying before those who only a few days before were spoken of as about to make their submnt-ioo-the ordinary effect of presumption. This change of ucene completed that of public opinion--it never rose to reject my advice, rand to substitute caleuht- ( better let all things perish, rallmr than not leave again. 0 tions absolutely fantastical. Matters went so far that on the t>5th of July, the Duke wrote to me-* The Russians can have no more than a small number of indifferent troops in the position in which they now are, which ure exposed as a mere forlorn hope : every thing would hi fair against the rabble ivhieh Torrnassow has collected** However this same babble (canaille) had taken the liberty of carrying off the advanced guard of General Rf.onikr; which were all made prisoners in the little town of Kobryu, on the very day that, the Duke wrote to me in such polite terms. *' From that I distinctly saw, that, as I addressed myself to men who were intentionally deaf and blind, that we were lost without resource : the army of General Toumassow then marched into Lithuania by the route of That of General Regnieii was joined by the army of Prince SciiWaiitzkniiezg, and the two armies thus united, continued to net conjointly to the end of the campaign. They were thus the means of preserving the Duchy. " The Duk�'s incredulity was not my only evil as I was circumstanced; an insolence of a peculiar nature in which he indulged himself, and to which 1 was very sensible, must be added. The consternation at the approach of the Russians was extreme at Warsaw; the people wen? " The people, strangers as they always are to political movements, the expeuces of which they more frequently pay than they gather the fruits -the people were talking in a high strain ol stopping the Ambassador, the Council of Confederation, and all the Grandees, who, they said, were the authors of all these troubles, and cf all the provocations which the Russians had received. This* would have undoubtedly feapnened had the Russians made their appearance. " There were not in the Duchy at that time twelve hundred men of disposable troops, nor were there four hundred in Warsaw ; nevertheless the Duke wrote to me under date of the 30�h of July:T-' His Majesty has foreseen the offensive movement of the Russians.' We shall ete how. " General Regnier was, as has been said before, left in the command .^f the last body of troops of-the French rear. His cor;�s ainonfii to eisteeu or eighteen thousand men, Saxons a id Poles. This force anpf/a; ed. to be sufiineii> according to the fal.-e idea wT'ch it pleased some men to orm of (hearmy t General Toum(vssovv. 1 had g. en a detail- oont of this force, but purpose; it -.-bbunately determined to no taken by surprise, without any means of defence The Conuetl knew this better, and sooner too than the public, but still maintained a good countenance ; such symptoms of conlidence were shewn, thut not even one packet was displaced in all the town ; as to myself, personally, I had not evo the project of the retreat of the Embassy, of the Minister and of the Authorities, which appears to have been suggested by a sentiment vhieh has been always known to inspire bad counsels.' This judicious remonstrance was seasoned with reflections on the good effect which the example of courage, given by an Archbishop might produce. Tins pleasantry indulged towards a man whose profession prevented him from returning that answer which first presents itself to the mind, was most amusedly ill placed, and appeared excessively ridiculous in a man who, at the time of the retreat from Wiluu and from Leipsie, shewed himself as sensible as any r.ian of thy value of diligence timely applied. " But to be the butt of the Duke's pleasantries with respect to the most convenient personal measures, ivas not enough, I was to endure his irony in return for the most real services. ' some! it was not even allowed toanticipale tie thoughts of the Pi nice, in ord^r to serve him. Every thing ruuat proceed and emanate from hi.n ; to him the honour of having creivted every thing Thus it happened that when the Russians were: marching at their ease through the Duchy, the Duke wrote to me on the 2:>d of July, thnc Ins Majesty had foreseen the offensive movements ov the Russians-the truth is, we had not man,, and the enemy were at our gates. *' I perceived from that moment that my correspondence was displeasing, and thai: it was not written in the sense which was liked. My secretaries of embassy more perfectly broken in the manage, (riding-school) of our foreign rclati.oov thaii what. I was, more pliant, and besides, being great admirers of the political juggling used by our Cabinet, told me frequently that I would never succeed ; that, truth was not liked ; that, nice, pretty little bulletins, well-filled with anecdotes, even scandalous; that a few precious insurrections very ingeniously contrived, would give a quite different idea of my talent? than these mournful truths, which were ton strong to be relished. It was in vain for them to point out. that the road of advancement was closed against me, and even that, of dotations ; to propose for my model, the correspondence of M. I�k;n )n, who, in his important mission to the army, had, without even the shadow of political interest, found out: the secret of keeping up a correspondence of such high importance,, which charmed at once both the Duke and the Emperor, and had placed its author in the rank of the first ministerial correspondent, and almost that of the first diplomatist of France : not finding the same resources of mind as they, I remained obstinate in my own opinion, and li� to unfortunate t ruth, for which vre uhould do so much the more, na she is destined to do leas for us. *' 1 proceed to give an account of how thing:) w; re managed. The lost? of horses winch the ansiy had experienced, above all, the v-ant of oats emitted recourse to be had to the Duchy. A courier arrived one ihay from Wilna in great hastCp who was the bearer of an order to form9 forthwith, considerable magazines of bread and of meat at Modliu, of grain at a pbice called money thiiw. eretz, and to purchase three thousand horses ; was every where promised for every From the eagerness with which this demand was made-from the rapidity with which letters, more and more pressing, succeeded each other, it might be thought that the destiny of the world depended on that supply. Immediately all was bustle in the Duchy. Not a crown arrives : contracts were made with infinite trou~ ble : letters addressed to the Intcudaut General on i he Mill of July, were answered on the .1 Ol la of September : in the mean time the army had marched, other arrangements had taken place; and one morning we were informed that neither our oats or horses were any longer wanted* " Thi-i is the proper place to speak of the A ustrian army. I have seen prejudices respecting them to prevail in Poland, which justice obliges me to endeavour to dissipate in tbU book, as I have even endeavoured to do in the course of my embassy. The Poles have not always judged fairly on this head : they considered Austria a-> but too happy when labouring on their business, making no account whatever of the dangers to which the actual co-operation might expose Austria on a future day, witli regard to Gallicia0 It was certainly a very remarkable sight to see Austria labouring to aggrandize Poland, which already partly formed from her spoils, was still destined to co:-,i huso dear. *'It was curious to hear the tone in which certain Frenchmen spoke on this alfair, and in what terms they expressed themselves upon that subject, which was entitled to their greatest respect. By the treaty of alliance was to furnish thirty thousand men, under a commander to be named by herseH. The choice had fallen on Prince Soil WAitT'/KNiiiiKG : surely no chief could give us rrw>te guarantees. That armv formed on the fronriers of Poland, It consisted of the he&t troops of that country, completely equipped, and provided with every thing. R advanced, into Luth'tania at the desre of the Emperor, and had aiteady readied Ighuo ;