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  • Publication Name: Anti Gallican Monitor
  • Location: London, Middlesex
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  • Years Available: 1811 - 1817
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View Sample Pages : Anti Gallican Monitor, December 24, 1815

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Anti Gallican Monitor (Newspaper) - December 24, 1815, London, Middlesex :i 1 ASSMRS dDIf SWEDEN. * t>*tf*�a�Vt>e to F*W, W IW�t*i*f*ic%$4i*tit 's *f The jiwt o�rfli**li�wtf�*u-*to�#PH#f> f If .wt, fettled Frt��^i�iai �^.^**5t�H�wrn.^--ffnA^MeBARB. ,, BECKMBER 2*t lair,. itn the constat of the pop*faety not of tbe people. The consequence* of #ueh popuW Ve� volutions une now evtdenti iTImt of which you speak began with the ti^itortiott rif malt and ihe substitution of equality, arid rtt>w yoit |ire yo|ir-self a proof that atich priadpt^iio tong$r exitjt.'' ** 1 believe nothing1 in the world*', mid lip*-* TAVtJs in u letter to the l>�ke of RftUMswi|?ii, dated from his head-quarters tit Stralsuud, &�d July* 1807, ** coutd^fttiufte me to enter into any negotiation with NASicri.eov Buonaparte, for by so doing, I should not only desert the duties and principles which ou^htto he sieved to every virtuous man, hut I should .subscribe my o*vn condemnation both in this world and the next." The moment Gusravus Adolimius was i li- ft U �nf *>M�fe mc*t #�traprdit�s*ry; circura-ttapcep i� jtto.JJMSloiyt-pf .'.thefe extraordinary tii��w,,tha*(�h^fr��ent*Govefiimt?ot of Sweden, as weilpia,#al#b unfoHttiiate Ktug�*eem to be continued a¬ft total oWivion-�indeed so much -so, .thfllt perhap* I should apologise to my leaders for etvdeavouriug to call their attention ^�subject m> little interesting- The very well written JVleanpriajl which follows this article, addressed to the Sovereigns of Europe, will plead n�y excuse; ttad as the sentiments of the writer entirely correspond with ray own, I think I cannot, at the present moment, employ my time, and a few columns of the Anti-Gallimn, better than by adding some observations upon the same subject. Whatever interpretation individual* may be disposed to give to the principle of legitimacy in Governments, or how far the doctrine may be carried in the abstract, is heyond my present purpose. The principal Governments of Europe have given a practical explanation of these points as applied to the present state of Europe, the general application of which is, in my mind, necessary to the permanence of peace, and as this application results immediately from the doctrine which they have laid down and enforced, I do not see how they can, with consistency stop, until they shall have destroyed eve�y genu of Revolutionary principles. The Sovereigns of Eu~ rope have lately, through the medium of their State Papers,, condemned those principles in the iuost unequivocal manner; they have, acknowledged that they introduced into the system of Government such maxims as were incompatible with the mutual harmony which .'�!tould subsist between States-in other words, the different Sovereigns now characterise the French Revolu�> tion in the same terms-they declare, it, iw 1815, to be the very thing which the unfortunate1 GuvrAVUs declared it to be in 1807, and in 1814 they declared that they never would sign a peace with Napolkon Ruonaiurte,^* declaration which he had made many years before. Mow if 'Gustavus has done nothing more than anticipate the general sentiment* respecting Duojjafailte, i.-* he to remain for ever debarred Irons his just rights, and to die in exile, because in making a public declaration of his sentiments he attended more lo truth and justice than to notions of expediency ? In the minutes winch remain of the conversation which took place 'between Lim and Marshal Brumk, at the time when the French army occupied Pome-ran iu, in 180,7, there appear characteristics of a truly great mind. " Yes, certainly," said his Majesty on that. occasions, 66 I wish the renewal, of the ancient alliances between Sweden and France ; but the French nation is no longer the same, and those happy times are now no more, when a close political connection between the countries conduced to ilieir mutual prosperity-This is impossible from the present posture of affairs.--1 now consider I' ranee as the scourge of ten rope-you, General, can never have peace of mind, for what will be your'condition in case of a revolution ?" To milieu Ibu'ne replied iC I shall die an honourable death, sword in hand :* This is a fate to vdiich, as a military man, I ana every moment exposed. J. know! must die, and i am resolved to die as 1 ought." Upon which the King observed, " This depends upon accident. But Nereis a happiness arising from tranquility of �iiml, when we feel that we have done our duty and acted according to our conscience. This is � happiness to which Buonaparte must ever be | a stranger-he who could have rendered him t of GustaviJs, and the election of Ptinciii', and subsequently'on the suitd^h dlatb of this Prince (who was poisoned) th^electiou of BernApOTTR to the rank of Crown frince, were national acts. J answer, they were a,* much so a* the placing a Jeromi-. Buonapau/jkoii the throne of the new kingdom of Westphalia-a dosicn on tluit of Spain--a Louis on that of Holland, Oru'MtJftAT oil that, of Naples. Now, as nil. these worthies of Bnos APAtt-tv.'s creation ha\*c acted their parts-have "strutted their short, hour upon the stage," from which they have re-formed that, the Emperor Alkxandkr had .pre- S spectively made their exits, together with th� setited N APOi.KoN with the order of St. /intlr6w3.1 .Master-puppet-the he determined to send'buck that decoration,! which he had formerly received from the Empress Cathkiunk. He wrote to the Mmi'kror, and stated his reasons for rejecting the Order, J and sent, at-the same time, a copy of the letter which he had formerly written to the King of PturssiA on a similar subject-namely, when he sent back the decoration of the Order of the Black Eagle, with which he had been invested by that Prince, adding that that, letter expressed the rule of his future conduct. 1 know that the sentiments expressed on these | occasions, by GustA'VWh .Aix)f,i�inis, have been censured as romantic and extravagant-he was j eoJiNulered a. very Don Qiiixttlic in politics by all. , those who looked upon lie power of !.�uor;'a~ I I'AUTK to have been erecte-'.! on the interest, and all-Motions of 5;he wh'�le l^reuch nation* Had all the Princes of Kurope been inspired with a similar spirit of political C^ui:-u�tism at the name time, Buonaparte would soon have descended from the throne of the fHoimnoNs. Hut in my opinion Gustavus *>tr�et!y adher-�J;tcke�l b > donii" tni.jjons in order lo accommodate BfjorOeAUTK, were decidedly u;-{>u��-. Th"ir favonjan'r the unetJ o himself, who placed them, as he did 5��::jna �ottf. himself, in these ;u.tuatious-� why (as i.-v projierly observed in the IV.Semorial which follow* this article) is he to form run exee[)tion ? Has he earned his present rank, or, rather, his ennlii- mation in it, by essential services to the comi'uon cause ? and is his succession to the crown of Sweden the stipulated reward ? In the .first; place, S doubt very much the existence of any such contract between ]�i-:unash�ttk and the A!lieu, as is commonly insinuated ; because at the time he joined the Coalition (which by the. bye he was not over forward :e, doing-,) u w;ui not so much Bkhnawottk ;ts Swedi'o which entered into i\ .heme tin K.m Svv.v:dkn mtg-ltt be called by a harsher name, but ay. that these same {"since oi ml in let it. suffice to a Jew years after, were obliged to adopt the very same system as Gustavus, Did not even owe of our own Ministers;, (Mr: Camming,) upon the �c� casiou of the invasion of Spain by Bdonapartk* make a declaration respeetijiig' him :>imilar to that, of the Kiutr of'Svvkdkm ? But it iv� snnl 1jUOWA� that he was rash and pi�.e,pitats which would make them instrumental to their own de� at ruction by mutual attacks, when their preservation dictated that they should iirudy unite against the common enemy 1 One would think that they would hasten to repair, as far as it is possible, all the wrongs of the French Revolution, but particularly such ay they themselves the means of inflicting. Why was the of Swki>kn attacked by his brother-in-law, the Emperor of IIijssia, and deprived of Finland ? Why were hio territories threatened on every side by Prussia and by Oenmark ?- Why, because he was the enemy, and tSieae Pow- he general system ; and Sweden* entered into that, system because it, was her �me interest so to act; and had h cause,, S'espeeting ins li.ij|l)ness's cnUs;,. s>s bt.'fore the leuvleof l.cip-t.-nva�.t Ijad ., at. one time, but a. very indifferent, opkuon of \m zeal. We hav a ] doe-trine that should be very rarely acted upon.-- ] Such a case as our own, at the time of the Revolution, is, perhaps, the only justifiable one j that, could be mentioned, and we see that tveu [i that gave rise to two rebelliour,. | a lading mad.;; (ii(!se few observations in that of Europe, and dispassionate manner v/h'.eh t'ie subject de^ rnands, I think I may conclude, "that, the ie deposi" then* riifht names, this mrmfnl opposition to the I tion of Gustavus) waa his adhering to the s.ysteoi never can be happy/* And when the couversa- j these Powers did not so term her till 181 ower, is to be | of never making Peace with Buonaparti':, and *�e cousfeut of the people-Gust a vus replied,] visited with degradation and banishment! If \ as thee.l�/;tionof .BeRSAO.oi'rE was entirely owiu � TJ>, . A , , , , , ] this be suffered in the present dav, we may well I to the friendship, and for the purpose of nrornoto " i tie King was a bfttcr prophet ttiati the Marshal. A �   .-, i , . i * i- >>' t � . i e o i Rwulutiuo, an bis Mnjesty foresaw, destroved Bki'Ne's J excJl,m 11 th,e eloquent language of fu'RKE, | �ug the system of BlTONAFARTii, the present peace of nt'uid, and he perishtd not bououraWy, us the J **# the unbought grace ol hie, the clieap deleucc 1 succession to the Crown of S.vedeu cannot re�d�r umy recollect, but by suicide. i of nations, the nurse of nmiily se�Umt'n.l- i;? gone" 1 considered a-i finally arranged. .JBufc let uc not ;