Ames Daily Intelligencer in Ames, Iowa 15 Nov 1911
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Ames Daily Intelligencer (Newspaper) - November 15, 1911, Ames, Iowa
Impi with Ripoli How Stephen Decatur made his name immortal Here is Tripoli anyway what is it Good for Why does Italy want it nobody in America Ever heard of Tripoli except in a soon to be forgotten geography lesson or in the history of where did Tripoli figure in that stupid old history we studied in the grammar school at about this Point in the average Man s series of mental gymnastics the Light begins to Dawn. That scrimmage with Tripoli he remembers was recorded in Tho in red states history along Between the chapters that treated of the revolution and the devoted to the War of 1812. One by one the names Decatur Preble Somers Bainbridge Hunt Truxtun Sterrett come flocking Back into his memory and a cold thrill of patriotic emotion creeps slowly up his spine. It was something great something spectacular and heroic the Fine achievement of an infant Navy. Slowly out of the Mist of forgotten things comes the glorious tragedy of the of Reship a a intrepid the thunderous retort of ambassador Pinckney a millions for defense but not one cent tor tribute a and finally til storm Center of the entire War the american frigate a Philadelphia. In the centuries preceding the Christian Era it was tossed from Carthage to Rome and Back again with Many a lesser nation taking a whack at the Oasis dotted desert Between times. After the arabs took Possession in the seventh Century it became the Bone of Contention among the nations of the Eastern end of the Mediterranean until its final capture by turks in the Middle of the sixteenth Century. However this present menace is not the first to Challenge the authority of Turkey in that turbulent Little Barbary state. In 1714 the turkish Yoke was thrown off utterly and it was not restored until 1s35, several years after the extermination of the Barbary pirates by the combined Effort of All the caucasian nations of the world. A Barbary pirates a Quot corsairs of the Mediterranean a a millions for defense but not one cent for at last we have it. That was what it was All about. The Bumpious Little american nation objected to paying ransoms for her citizens and sailors who had been captured and enslaved a thing that Europe had been doing without protest for centuries. Indeed it was tacitly understood that the pirates of Tunis Tripoli Morocco and Algiers were countenanced by the great Powers of Europe for the Sake of the injury they could do to the weaker Powers. England encouraged the piratical attacks on the shipping of other nations As a part of her system of securing Aud maintaining her vaunted a supremacy of the sea the consuls she sent to the Barbary states went with instructions to make Only a surface show of opposition to the merciless treatment to we bleh the slaves were subjected. And there was a wonderful roster of those slaves such men As. Arago the great astronomer St. Vincent de Paul and even Cervantes having fallen into the clutches of the pirates. The author of a Don Quixote probably acquired something of the adventure that wa3 to figure in his later literary works during the five years of his slavery in Northern Africa. Coming closer to our own times and interests the new station of the Western hemisphere had not forgotten the indignities that had been heaped upon or. Daniel Mason a Harvard graduate who died in Captivity w Hen the systematic capture of american brigs and schooners was undertaken by All the Barbary states following the close of the revolution. With the Connivance of England eleven american vessels were captured within two months the men being stripped of their clothing attired in the filthiest of rags and set to work at hard labor. Those that attempted to escape were subjected to the most frightful torture. It was this condition of affairs no less than the published pamphlet of lord Sheffield which announced in part a it will not be to the interest of any of the great maritime Powers to protect them the american vessels irom the Barbary states. The americans protect themselves from the latter they cannot pretend to a Navy Quot that spurred the ambitious Young Republic on until she not Only pretended to a Navy but had Given those same pirates such a drubbing As they had never receded at the hands of any european Power. Meanwhile it seemed Wisest to dig deep Down in the american stocking and produce tremendous sums of Money we Ith which to appease the marauders. Under the direction of our greatest statesmen with the notable exception of Thomas Jefferson we had concluded treaties of Quot immunity from piratical capture with ail the Barbary states the one with Tripoli being most cheaply purchased it was when that state awoke to a realization that she had received Only $r>6,000, while Tunis had extorted $107,000 As payment tor a perpetual peace a that Tripoli forgot ail about her treaty and began in Earnest the capture and enslavement of americans. There is a touch of grim humor in the demand of the Quot Bey of Algiers for 10,000 stands of arms because a fire in the armory had destroyed 40,000 stands and he considered it the duty of America to redeem one fourth of the loss. Ambassador Eaton refused to convey the insulting and altogether preposterous demand to hts Home government not Only because America had nothing to do with the tire but because she thought she had purchased immunity from such demands. The insolence of Tripoli was even More irritating to the new born National pride1 of the Republic and when. In february 1801, the Pasha repudiated the treaty altogether demanding a Lump sum of a Quarter of a million with $20,000 annually which was the sum he had extorted from Sweden there seemed nothing left for the americans but to fight it out. Our Commerce in the Mediterranean was grow ing at such a Pace that we could no Loncer take the attitude of cringing vassals to a set of unprincipled cutthroats whose Honor was bounded Only by their convenience when the new tribute was refused the Bey of Tripoli Cut Down the american Flag staff and made formal declaration of War having been duly informed that War was inevitable already a Little Squadron had been assembled in Hampton roads consisting of the president the Essex the Enterprise and the Philadelphia the latter a frigate carrying thirty six guns. These were followed by other War vessels As fast As the Youthful War department could provide them. More than two years went by with Only an occasional engagement and absolutely no glory when Commodore Preble was sent to take command on the last Day of october 1803, a misfortune Over oui american forces that proved a Tanc for the hostess thanksgiving character party. A hostess noted for her Clever and original entertainments has let me into her Confidence and i hasten to Tell of a party that she is planning for thanksgiving week when a number of Young people will be Home. She is going to ask each of her Twenty guests to come wearing an article to represent a character famous in american history. Then she is going to lips of paper with this question is your favorite character in Jeriean history and Why a s Iran i pass s a who in Gilt and Load the pretty Craft with j fruits grapes Small red apples Etc the effect is Good especially if the boat is set on a Small Box or tin and the base covered with autumn leaves and vines of a foundation of chrysanthemums would be appropriate As they Are the november Flower. Before putting the fruits in the pumpkin line it carefully with waxed paper. A Tabi piece that children love is made by having several Small Indian Tepee with miniature indians surround with alternate red and White rarely disguised Blessing. The Philadelphia which had been doing police duty in the Harbor was caught in a heavy Gale and blown upon a submerged mass of Rock that had not been charted. Captain Bainbridge and All his Force fell into the hands of the enemy and two Days later the frigate was floated off the reef and added to the Tripoli an Navy the largest and Best fighting ship the pirates had Ever possessed. Bainbridge and his first lieutenant David Porter outlined and conveyed secretly to Commodore Preble a plan for snatching this prize from the enemy and the commission was handed Over to Stephen Decatur then a Young lieutenant or Twenty five who volunteered to command the hazardous expedition. In the meantime the Tripoli ans had repaired the frigate remounted her guns and anchored her in the Harbor about a Quarter of a mile from the Bashaw s Castle. While the daring plan was being developed a bit of Luck dropped into the hand of the americans. A Tripoli an a sketch a the Raas Tico bearing a Load of handsome girls As a gift from the Bashaw to Sultan of Turkey ran into the Fleet As it Lay anchored off the coast of Sicily. What became of the Lovely Maidens history refuses to relate. As for the a sketch it was renamed the intrepid and was assigned the duty of carrying the americans who were to undertake the destruction of the Philadelphia. The Siren under lieutenant Stewart was ordered to escort the intrepid As far As was deemed Safe and this Doughty Little vessel was repainted and rigged to look As much like a maltese merchantman As possible. As for the intrepid itself it was a typical Tripoli an freighter with ample Cabin space and the turks in the Harbor had not vet Learned of the Mastros capture and the Fate of her fair cargo. The place the ladies had occupied was filled with explosives and shells for there was a double purpose in the minds of Preble and Decatur. There was no such thing then As a torpedo but the of Reship or a infernal Quot As it was commonly called was sometimes employed. It was Decatur a idea that if his expedition should prove a failure he could at least blow up his own ship and thereby wreck the Philadelphia. It would mean the almost certain death of every Man on Board but that Cost had been counted As a Normal part of the desperately glorious game. It was ten of clock on the evening of the 16th of february 1804, when the intrepid having left the Siren about three Miles behind lifted her drags and sailed boldly into the narrow Channel Between the rocks and Shoals that protect the treacherous Harbor of Tripoli. A Bali grown Moon Hung in the Clear sky and a stiff Breeze against the beam set the sails in a Beautiful swell of Canvas As the daring vessel advanced the Breeze gradually died Down until the motion was scarcely perceptible. Slowly the Ketch stole along until there arose out of the Mist before Ber the shadowy outline of a great ship. On the open deck of the intrepid not More than a dozen men were to be seen the others lying in the shadows of the bulwarks or concealed by the masts and rigging. Decatur stood close to a sicilian named Catalano As he steered for the frigates Bow where the Ketch would be out of reach of those american guns that the Turk would have employed Only too gladly for the destruction of american patriots. When Only about too Yards intervened Between the two vessels the Lookout on the Philadelphia became aware of the near approach of a ship and a Challenge was issued Catalano called Back that he had come on a trading voyage from Malta that he had encountered terrific storms and had lost his Anchor. He begged the privilege of Riding by the ship until morning since he could not make in vessel fast and dared not proceed into the midst of the Forest of ships in the inner Harbor a crowd had gathered on the deck of the Philadel phia and Many a rude joke was hurled across the water As the Pilot was compelled to enumerate the items of his imaginary cargo while this conversation was going on the wind changed suddenly hurling the intrepid in the direction of the frigates Stern. There in full Range of the guns that might have shattered her in less time than is required for the telling she Lay in a suddenly tranquil sea. Absolutely becalmed in another moment the sailors on Board the Philadelphia manned a boat and came to the Rescue with a line that was passed to the Ketch As a boat from the Ketch rowed up to the frigate and attached another Roe to her fore Chan caller Decatur piously the men on the intrepid Drew in the line until the daring boat Lay alongside her vie time. In that tense moment the lurks nearest the rail t aught sight of a sturdy pair of anchors. And a Sharp cry Mexicanos a was raised. Even at that the Crew lying in the shadows on the nearby deck did not move. A moment later those same bewildered turks Schley la. The French. 12. Battle the cards will be collected and the j ears of Corn making the outline of a answers read aloud by the hostess j Star. At toy shops Small animals such who will award a prize to the one who j As Deer dogs chickens and turkeys is voted to have the Best answer. J May be found to add to this scene and next pictures of Twenty famous figures of John Alden and Priscilla americans will be displayed and a could be added prize Given to the one w to guesses correctly the greatest number. Then will come a historical questions a the queries being typewritten and numbered. A Lively discussion will follow the last question and the hostess will take advantage of the situation and put the finishing touches to her refreshments which will consist of a regular new England spread baked Beans in individual Little Brown pots Saratoga chips Brown bread cheese pickles cold Slaw and Apple tarts with Coffee Tea and chocolate. Following Are the historical questions i. Who would rather be right than president 2. Who crossed the Delaware on Christ i Mas night j 3. Who won the Battle of Brandywine 4. With whom did Massasoit Dine 5. Who saved capt. John Smiths head 6. To whom was Pocahontas wed 7. Which first of Columbus ships found land s. Who of the Chesapeake had command 9. Who said a a in la try sir a at Lundyy a Lane 10. Who told us to a remember the Maine a ii. Who was it ran at Quebec a fall 12. Where first was Jackson called a Stonewall a 13. Who saw the Mississippi Roll j4. Who discovered the North pole i. Henry Clay. 2. Washington. 3. The British. 4. Governor Bradford. 5. Pocahontas. 0. John Rolfe. 7. The Pinta. 8. Captain Lawrence. 9. Colonel Miller. Beheld the Lithe body of a Man leaping cat like for the Philadelphia s Chain plate. The Man was Decatur and As he clambered up the Side of the frigate he gave orders that transformed the tranquil deck of the merchantman into what appeared like an ant Hill suddenly aroused. Long before the men on the Philadelphia began to understand the meaning of those Lorms that appeared to grow mushroom like out of the shadowy Decy they were confronted by Heads and bodies that emerged from the ports and swarmed Over the rail. It was like the Mystic spell or some weird magician materializing human beings out of empty space and in another moment the terrified turks rushed panic stricken to the starboard Side of the ship. As the americans dashed after them they Flung themselves overboard Aud began to Surini for Shore. From the Quarterdeck Decatur sent up a rocket to announce to Captain Stewart on Board the Siren that the ship had been captured and before the sirens rocket could reply the flames were seen leaping up from every part of the ill starred Philadelphia. As swiftly As they had boarded her the americans departed dropping Back to the deck of the Ketch and cutting Loose. The engagement had lasted but two Enty thre minutes. A shout from Decatur dispatched a dozen men with swords to Cut the entangling ropes and a mighty shove sent the Ketch out of reach of the roaring flames. In another instant the sweeps had been manned and a succession of Long oar strokes carried the Craft Well out into the Channel of the treacherous Harbor. Now the men could hold in no longer and a mighty shout of Triumph arose a shout that was drowned in the Roar of the batteries for the sleepy gunners had been startled into activity by the sight of the burning Philadelphia. Two corsairs and a Galley gave Chase and the surface of the we Ater was torn by a rapid succession of explosions As the fire in the burning frigate reached her batteries. By a strange Freak of the wind the flaming Hull was shifted around and poured a terrific broadside directly into the town the american warships almost human retaliation upon her hated captors. From their prison windows Captain Bainbridge and the 300 men who had been captured on that once proud ship watched with mingled Joy and grief the work of the destruction. At least the Philadelphia would j not serve As the enemy a slave. In a veritable rain of shot and Shell that sent j Brilliant jets of illumined water All about her the intrepid dashed out of the Harbor joined the Siren and set sail for Syracuse. She had not lost a single Man and Only one member of her Crew had need for the surgeon s Ald. I he Tripoli ans lost Twenty men in addition to those unnumbered victims who had retreated to the Depths of the burning ship. When the Story or the adventure was told aboard the pirate nations along the Northern coast of Africa sat up in wild eyed amazement. This was not the sort of thing they had been accustomed to. The War had dragged along for almost three years and nothing much had happened. They began to ask who this Stephen Decatur was. And a Little while later they had a reply when one of their commanding officers under pretence of surrender boarded the ship commanded by Decatur a brother and murdered him. No sooner had the news of this dastardly act come to the newly appointed Captain that he made off for his dead brother a ship engaged the murderous Turk in a hand to hand fight bore him struggling and pleading for mercy to the deck and ran him through with his Short sword the Only weapon he happened to have at hand when the death of his brother was reported to him without waiting to Wash the blood from his hands he gave orders for the occupation of the Turk s ship and that night he joined the american Fleet with two captured vessels. It is commonly asserted that piracy was Extin Manassas. 13. De Soto. 14. Peary. Thanksgiving Centrepiece. Here is a new Way of using a Lovely yellow pumpkin. Select one of rather Long shape Cut in half Lengthwise and hollow out to look like an old time vessel look at a print of the Mayflower put in gilded masts and if possible make sails of a scrap of White silk. Do the name a a Mayflower a thanks Day guessing game. Write the questions on Turkey decorated cards and pass after dinner or at the table with the dessert course. A member of the family who is Good at riddling May improvise More questions along these lines what Domestic fowl was first seen by the pilgrims Landing in 16207 Plymouth Rock. What colonist had the longest Christian name Miles Standish. How do we know the Early Cut Lonist i were bicycle enthusiasts so Many spinning wheels were seen. What bewildering thing did the colonists discover soon after Landing Maize it Maze. From what heavy durable stuff did the pilgrims come to the new world Holland. What human being did the pilgrims first see that is now a part of the United states Indian territory. Madame Merri. Stripes will be retained. Old Gold is still one of the popular colors for afternoon. The jumper design has been furiously revived for Dressy shirtwaist. The Vogue for Black and White alliances shows but Little abatement. Collar ettes of Black or White tulle Are used to Wear with afternoon gowns. Extensive use is made of All kinds of laces and even lace Robes Are coming to the front. Blue and White combinations Are to have a place in fashion especially in Wash fabrics. Two neat costumes s Erge of any color might be made up in the style shown in the costume on the left. The skirt has a deep pointed piece Laid on at each Side this is piped with Black Satin and trimmed with Cord ornaments. The smart Little coat is Cut with a deep Point on each front that wraps Over below bust the right Side is fastened Over by press studs and it is ornamented to match skirt. The Collar and cuffs Are partly faced with Black Satin. Ahat of Tagel to match the costume gushed by the drubbing he gave Tripoli in i sub trimmed with Black Ostrich the amp the but this is by no Means True. We were immune i erg from molestation because the Barbary states had Learned to fear and respect us. Materials required for costume 5 Yards 46 inches wide 6 ornaments 8 Yards of silk for lining % Yard Satin for facings. A simple girlish dress is the other in Iris mauve Cashmere. The skirt is trimmed with a band of Broche silk of the same color which being sewn on Only at the upper Edge simulates a tunic. The Magyar bodice is made of the Broche in the lower part the Collar and under sleeves being of the same. Fringed ends of Broche hang Down at left Side in effective ornament from the Waist band. Hat of Iris mauve Chip trimmed with a Wreath of White clematis. Materials required for the dress 4v�y&rds 46 inches wide 1% Browne 28 inches wide
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