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American Catholic Tribune (Newspaper) - September 10, 1892, Cincinnati, OhioAmerican CLAfprtTtá i7 His RatMFMw Cartlul Qlkteu, Áreliklskop of Balttaort, Hd., tfe« Mott Rtv. ArclibUJtiop« off Ctnelnnatl, and Pffiiladolplila. Ilio St. Rtv. Rffiliopa off Govffngtoo, Sy., Golnnbai, 0.. Hffoluiond, ?a.. ftnoonnoa, Ind., and Wllalngtoa, Oal VOL VII.CINCINNATI SATURDAY. SEPTEMBER 10, HH^2 NO 2& ADDRESS C. II Hutl<*r at the AI haii\ C onvent ion. IA r.i jrl‘, wli’rli L ;Ui.I unrt ll'* Am*'Fig lb*- many excelk-nt rc'io-l»y y‘*nr coiiveotion \z<i v*'ar wa^ iht- foiiowing* “W*> -.n>r*i' a*imir« the eff»irt of t»ur *    ** >re<i b'ii»*w-C’aiho!ic?i, an«i ap- a cl m.*'t ht-ariily the wf»rk of ‘.OS' 4Í*.»riug )u iheir )»ehalf.'' n n'pr^f'-entaii^ e ot a Coioreti C'atho-: • ieiv I have ^ ii*)¿cu this re^olu-L I a«4 the tbcme *•{ my remark-. * I cb. wiib y..;it kin l iii'lulgence, I a*i    v»'U un ihi> i'.r-» of a’l I ivt* I»* -ay to inv fd-w lie mbcr- < •* t h*' C'atimlic \ ««ung M‘ n‘- Naii »!¡aí I nivm. I bring you ‘ T 1 i -p.'C'l in v. ur n ibk work from 1 a« V4* .1 a- y'>nog men. tor the -    •1} I repr< -t*nl i-» com|>o<e<l of A a- w* i" a* y**ung im*n. The old "i-en i; ivc no e-jK*cial intere-l in lil-ra: y »ocieiie« only to ibt* e\t nl of j j the youno men in iheir ef-2 It- V' improve iheiu-clve^ and C» ir C»'tyjfaiiion- morally and intel-. : la’ly. ioii litey bave made thi-i* .11' -I < ! me. a> thdr representa-‘ativ*, tbai I -U«.uld -ay to the C'ath-.;l y-'un'j a.en of America in C4>n-V Lti «U ;t--t.inblcd. that wliiie it is j 4ct v.i'.ir i»rganir4ition has not a-v*t been ertendtHi all over the South-''iO-1. V"U * \eri a great inri jenc over ibv mind- ui men in that -ecti>»u *** tr.*» - untry. They a-k yon l». n.-e ; at inf. Jen * to arrc-i the ha-ly %e. J;et that i* being j-a?-ea upon our ta c b»y tiie pre'^- d'lie . .wcrhf. arii. -*f the -cciilar pros i-•1 again>t them. It no longer '! -p- t“ invc-iigate the alleged s nariie- but accept tlic -taiement of ’ ir enemies as Inúng true- A* evidence that the C'atholic pres- take “■> part in tbi- unlody crusade ..r.ain-t thi- people, I beo leave to id whutthe ' '}<n.rx h S»»*'" oi Wa.-h-: oton. I) C'.. has i.t -ay: * Pre-ic III Ilarri-on ha- written a - :ter d- «unciiiLí ibe*oil practice <!;-o\n    ‘iyTicii    hi’A.’ Wny it d.'- dd i- .ed 1 u 1- iioi now*}. . ; k*- It > ' i' d ‘ jHil' d 'aw.'j : i' i:‘ tr Jt:i * i • \ cry ;.’*^e:o e of .all ^ .    \ , -i !;• o ji-brc:>k *'1    ]• >--io:i. i '    :ii».riur...!*-iv it ii.i-    coin- i : tb'.- ci'Liilry, and while it i-* -..nn .ij i’.n-i tf • vietyn, il i- ;»i' ^ n if    -    iii    4 :1    . a’ ; .IcJ- o. d    t :<•    ill-.I    ^ V le. lA- rv in i!i i- "    •'■^■d to b»_- ■ Mio.-eiil tiLli 1.4 L i- b.-en pnoenj li ty, but Iviicl. I.iw rover-e- llii-id.-r an<i de^- .ire- iLt- vietim guilty -f -lo- Tiler»* 1- - (iiietbiiig an- - •iUtelv -!i < bir g IT; ibis practi*-! ■ .V !-    re\4*’t,::^    :■>    » very man of _ it prii.eije*--. d** neopIe-fPiVe ; I 4*:i.e.; * * t’:.< triniry o', «eir gr- at ? L VC riTif ir. i, jtidiciury j .(■1 o-g -1 it o. <*. a’li liiey n.iv»- all ^ .r ie i    a    ‘b-i;    4 .ar    to tb.-ir    c’y    ¡ ■ ••    «>:    lb* >-pp:c.-.—O'.’    I I ,app* .d I" y* 1 tr in i-o p '* ii.4Íj •> 1:’. bat in the -pint of on.-II *.\ A i;ur(-b, tiie * • .!i»f..cler ‘ f the , prc--e.l; I app*-J» t ' y*.n: a- fcUoW-■;’.iiiioinI iru-l, in tii,- -aim- spirit L.U .lc!U\te-l M. \'inceltl de I’.iul, .\beii 1 ranee wa- blee*ling \% i'.h war, 'ipon bi- kiit » - le- a]*pealed to her .-.werfiil adiii-ter Cardinal Hichelieu ‘    L-    .ICC!    have    pity    up*»n -; gA- peace l<* France!” You g Calimlic im-u oí Aincric-a, V ' ir opportunity i»* al hand. All I ’I’naii aid .-eeni-io have been denied tbe-c people*, come to I heir a-> stance- Your GcmI is their G d. L**t ;a-t ce be done though the heavens lall. Your Tcward wi 1 be sure and ' cift- The convert- to our holy re 1 gi .a from the Negro race will be i.- tiie number that John -aw, that !.o man could numl>er. Your motto, •G *i and our neigbibor,” has the Ighl ring. I would say, you who are members of organ zed labor, .arrf your Cath lie charity into your «^ rganiziiious, demand that ra* e barrier- be broken down. Y’ou who are !i bj-iuess, empi*>y Colored people as you «I > anyone el-c, on merit only. We are denied admi--ion into nearly dl the avena* - ihf o'ign which we -•an hope f r progr*---. Tiie applica- ■ >ns lor our b *y- to learn the vari-1- ira<lc- arc rejecteil. The mer-hant-* • f our c-‘Uniry have no place n lb* ir    factorlei    or    counting - ui- for 4»ur y«»uiig men ami young . >ra n. Tn»‘ opportunities of llie • h '".- .tr- gru Igliigly given I*» u-. W.    F!'    ‘ ;’.ged a- incompetent ‘. Ith- g.l^ if.g ilTordfl a fair trial, • I i    ‘    at.J inti'lcraiice bitter- b-’:    :    t:    most vali.ant ci]<irl- n and women to-;J i- L-l\a! <:• l.t. Siltiuld Vo-I of w‘ ;’c i l i- have had barrí» r- like -V I I-\el d ’A n ot-fore \‘>ut *uld . gir ir -traggle upward, W'»u!<l V i le- u!'.’ t i p'*ini t > m mv great V blevein- ! t- ' It it if true our race i- inferior t-> y<» ir-, -houbi you Liake **ur burd.-n- - » mud. greater that account I therefore beg that you w lil always nsi y air influence to f?oft» n existing prejudrce#;, and open to u- all the avenues of bumaa a. tivity, or the same condi* lion- as Tou yourselTCS enjoy. Then we can éud our proper places what-ver they may be,—the places that (ijd designed we should occupy. Keferring u* those who are laoor-ing in behalf of the Negro, especially in the Southland, all honor to Thera: they have the true Catholic inig.-ionary spirit. It is their aim to prepare iho.-e who are fortunate eiiougli to come under their charge, not only for death but to prepare them to live, but how illy equipped they are to e arrf out their noble desires. If the Rev. John R. Slattery, and the other noble priests of God engageil in the Negro missions, could have placea at their control one-half the funds that have been placed at the dispo-al of Protestaut gentlemen engaged in similar work, .■>,(XK},ooo of the 7,000,000 C dored |>e pie of the South would by this time have embraced the Catholic religion. His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons has this to say of the race: “The Negro race are naturally a religious people. They are kind, affectionate and grateful,—submissive to authority. And their conduct towards the close of the late war, w hen they bad jK)wer to «lo mischief, was above all By proper religious and Christian instruction they are sure to bjcome a most useful element in the comraunit?.” An article piiblisheii in the Atlan-tu- Monthly for June by H(ui. W. T. Harris, Superintendent of Education, entitled “Education of the Negro.” The article was sent in advance of publication to several prominent gentlemen for comment. Hon. .1. S. Curry, chairman ot^ the John F. Slater Fund, ha- this to say: “One of the draw*backs to higher civilizat on in the Negro race is the exceeding difHeulty of giving a predominen t ethical character to his re* ligion. In the blackbell religion ami virtue are often considered as di-tinct and ¿eparable things. The moral elemen', good character, i-vliminate<l from the essemial ingredients of chastity, honest , cleaiili-ne-s, tru-tworthiiie-s, are not always es-ence of religiou'i obligation. An intelligent co irageou- ministry i*» indispen-able to any hopeful attempt to lift up the Negro race.” 'J'tiis statement is from a [irotes. tanl genlleinin i»f national reputation, an<i I quote it t*) show that if the -latemenl i- l>4«rnc out by facts, liiiw wi«le the mi-^ion.ary Held is ib*-ihe (’atholie Cliundi in the > >nth-l.iml. :iiKÍ why iIk* m -sions ^hollld bf eiu*:»u"agiMl and suj»{K>rte*l. If aflr*r lh*j c.vpeiiditlire of f.ihulou-amouiit- of money pl.iee<l at lii.-rC in-mainl lor ihf i-dacatmri of these I e* *j*Ie, thi- is his eoncbi-i »ii, I wouhl ^    "t    to    ihe of this « "uniry, tluit the p.anecv.a b)r all ih»* ill- nl» rre»l to by him can be found in ill'* Catholic Cl urch. In the pale of till' Church can al-o be foun<l that couragi-**’!- mini-lr_v reffrrt-d to; mt ii fdin.'ated f*ir th** minAiry of G.»d with 11» tl>4.light of giiii or w *iMIy lionor- 1 than; you h*r vour aUenll' ii to ihi- innovation upon rho work of the Co!)volition, aid If I have cau'-ed one member I»* think that th^ Catholic Cliiindi ill Aim.-rica ear, do much I'’Ward- the elcvali »n of niy race, I -h:iK return liajipy I » lhf»se 1 repre-si-ni. that I have ilone soiiie-ihinir ‘T'"i t‘iL c uce that aee»ls Hs-i.«,t!ia’*e, I or ih * w ro'i:;- that need re>i •'taiice. F'*! tl;»* f ature in the ui-mue *’ < >11 our journey of ob.servalion and bu-iines.-, taking in the ‘‘City of the Strait-’’ and other principal cities of the great slate of Michigan, with its pictures»|ue scenery and inagniHcent mechanical, raanufai'turing, agricultural and lunil>eringenterprises, with il- scores of most hospitable citizens, of w hom none seem to feel the mean and damnable plague of American ostracism; the State where a man is a man regardless of race, color, or previous condition of servitude, we took the most commodiou'^ steamer the “City of Milwaukee,” and crossed Lake Michigan from the thriving and progressive city of Muskegon, to the city of Milwaukee. Before leaving Mu.skegon we cannot refrá n from speaking of the bounties and hosjdtality of one of its noblest h arted citizens, Mr. Mead, of the C. S. Postoífií -ervice there. His memory we will ever fon<lly cherish. He has a most w'ife and a lovely lilt’c boy, whom we hope will live to be as true to the appreciation t*{ niible iiianhomi and the sublime te.iching- of our mother church as his e-limabh* father. Milwaukee is becoming a great < ity, having :: I",“<"1 inliabil.anl.s of ill*' in j-t e >'inop4>liian character in ihe .'<taU s. The majority of them Ten bmic, their thrift an«i frugality alone guarantees ultimate success. One noticeable feature of the population the extremely .-mall number of Afro American-, they are few^er than yet among them there is talent and wealth. Thev are running two new-papers, the NVisconsin Af-r'- Am*ri‘ tm and the Kcho^ both in-tere.sting and well edited journals, a credit to the race. Their influence, although they have only existed for a few months, is being much felt for the general good. his should be the objective point for enterprising young Afro-Americans. There is plenty of room here in all the various business avenues of life w'here any one may find a way or make one. Governmental and municipal places are ready here for the cultured, there being none of the race filling such positions, and for none other reason than lack of ambition. There are two Afro-American lawyers here with good practice. The efficient editor of your valuable journal lectured here twice last Sunday, in the afternoon in the Cathedral School Hall, and at night of the same day in ihe Immaculate Conception Hall. Both halls w’ere crowded, and his manner of handling the subject, “The work of the Cath» olic Church among the Afro.Americans,” was highly approved. It seems that the effulgent rays of the great beacon light of Catholicity is beginning to illuminate the benighted minds of many.    B.    W.    C. lolored Catholic Asylum. It.H Opening^.— Eiilarfirciiieut Contemplated.—Fair ffbr Its Benefit. WILMINGTON, DEL. St. .Toseph’s Colored Orphan* lura, on French street between Tenth anJ Eleventh, establish by the Rev. J. A. De Riiyter, pastor of St. Joseph’s Church, adjoining the orphanage,was formally opened Wednesday It is exclusively for boys and the first institution of the kind in the United States. Nine young boys, from Philadelphia, Baltimore and ttíis city, were admitted immediately after the opening. At present the number of inmate.s is limited to *20. To establish the asylum Father De Ruyter vacated his cosy residence, on the north side of the church, and had it fitted up as a home for the orphans. He removed t«» the building on the south side of the church, where he is pleasantly «lomiciled. The bedrooms and bath rooms for the orphans are in the second and REMINISCENCES OF THE ROAD. Tbe Victims I>o Not Alwayn Act an They Prevloufily Fancied They W'ould. A group of men w'ere lolling in the loungers’ corner of a San Francisco hotel. Each was ^reading a morning paper. Each had his paper open at the page describing the robbery that startled Berkeley Saturday. “I can not help having an admiration for such bold thieves," said a verj' respectable looking member of the gathering. “Not,” he added, “not that I approve stealing in any form, but if one is bound to loot a strong box it is more manly to do it at the point of a pistol than to sneak into the victim’s contideace and then betray it.” One by one the readers threw their papers aside, and without difficulty disposed of bandits and plunder in the remarkably short order that always prevails on such occasions. Then they grew reminiscent. “The pluckiest robber I ever heard of,” said a Denverite, “was the one who made Dan MofTatt give upf21,000 about three years ago. The story became familiar enough, hut the sequel has been generally squelched. A young fellow w'alkeil into Moffatt's private office at the First National bank, covered Moffatt with a pistol, displaying a bottle of harmless oil that he .said was nitro-glycerine, made Moffatt fill out a check and then get it cashed and hand him the money. He specified just what he wanted, demanding $1,0(^ in gold, a $10,000 bill and smaller bills. When Moffatt went to the paj’ing teller for the cash the visitor was just behind him with the revolver close to his ribs, but hidden by an overcoat. Having secured the iinniey, the robber backed out the d«>or and disappeared. “Did they ever catch him? Well, now, that is hani to state. There is some mystery about it. S«nne people did not think that Moffatt wanted him ^ughL But a big row was made about it, and rewards off«*red. In perhaps a year, after numerous arrests and releases, it was announced that a pri.soner in jail in Cla3* county. Mo., charged with horse-stealing, had confessed to being Moffatt’s robber. The bank teller went there an«l i»lentifie«l him. The Denver chief of police told me, however, that the prisimer was a pretender, and that he di«l not believe he had ev’er been in the state of Colorado. Then the chap went craz3*. Vtni can’t try a lunatic for robber^', and the puV)lic <loos not keep track of the cra^' iprisoners --f Clay “The pair of brigands were audacious enough to have been trained under Jesse James. I do not blame the men for yielding. When robbers are so desperate as to make such an attack in daylight and in the midst of a crowd they are desperate enough for anything. I was in the Big Blue cut -hold-up on the Rock Island railroad years ago. It was done by the James crow'd, and I want to say that the barrel of the six-shooter I gazed into looí^d bigger than a joint atove-pipe. .Some of us had V>een boasting the night before w'hat we would do in just such an emergency, but we didn’t do it. We attempted to crawl under seats and through windows, and many forgot to hide their watches and money. Oh, it's easy enough to sit around a hotel and brag, but the man who refuses to acknowledge the potency of the drop the other fellow has on him is a bigger fool than I am. But I dont mean to be personal, no indeed." And the quiet man looked apologetically about to see if he had hurt anyone’s feelings.—San Francisco Examiner. HIS MAJÉSTY OF SIAM. Has a A L.axurious Kaittern Ruler Who Glaw* Pa^’illon In a T.ake. Among the travelers who arrived at San Francisco from the orient by a recent steamer was one Clark Russell, a namesake, but no relative of the famous novelist of the sea. He has been through Thibet, the dominions of the great Eama, traversed Manchuria and Mongolia, the intramural pos.sessions of China, made incursions into the unfrequented wilds of Siberia, and latterly has been touring the southern regions of the continent, Cochin-China, Tonkin atid Siam. He paused for a time at Bangkok, the capital of the kingdom of Siam, and picked up much information there. “I was surprised,” he said, “at the size and appearance cf Bangkok. It is the Venice of the east. The city lies on both sides of the River Menam. About twenty miles from the and on each side, branching out from the stream, are a great number of canals, upon which the dw'cllings and public buildings are built. The houses, constructed of w’ood as in most Astern cities, stand upon piles, and the w'ash of the w'aters nrovind supports at night makes a most unique ^d pleasurable sensa- ■1 --«iir' r •ft' w |liini >lory fronl'i <»f the a*<yluiu and’ in* apartmeiil- tor the sister- who liave eharjjce of the inslitulitin are in the back part of tlir buiMiiiix. The parh>r, «ittinjjí roi*ni, dining rt»oiii . ainl kitclieii are on the first 11 >or. Everythiiiir p »s-il>le for the comfort of the lads ha- been «lone. 'Fhe building i- aiii[de f«»r the -jireseiit nee«ls ninl the lurnishings are at trae* tive. 'I'hc playiTrouinl will be made larmier by ti«e removal of the f«*nee between ihe clmrch a'nl the tn’phaii-age. A pavilio i ^*2 f«*et long and L'o f«*et de«*p, erecteil f«»r the use of the boys in wet weather, will be fitted up a.s gyma-iuni. The school i rooms, two in number, are in the j basement of the church. One is f«jr the orphans ami the other is for th * girls of the jiarisli,    i Father De Ruyter jiroposes to enlarge the asylum consiilerable. He hopes to begin tlie work next spring, just as soon as he can secure the necessary funds. Plans prepared by* himself are almost comiileted and will be subniittei to an architect soon. A structure exactly like it, which will be erected at the corner of Eleventh and French streets, will be the north wing. Tne main building will be 75x(>5 feet. It will be two stories in height and will have basement and mansard roof. The dormitory wfill be 20 feet high. The property w ill have a frontage of 250 feet and wfill be an ornament to the neighborhood. The main building will stand back 10 feet from the building line and the wings 20 feet back. After the enlargement there w’ill be accomodation tor 200 or 300 orphans. Then the present building w ill be used exclusively by the sisters. The asylum is not a house of correct-on. Incorrigible boys will not be admitted. To secure admission an applicant must not be less than 3 years nor more than 12 years of age. The orphans wdll be retained by legal authority until they are 17 years old. They will be taught various branches of study and be dismissed in time to be bound out or jiut to a trade. A fair for the benefit of the asylum wfill be hehl in the Frist &> Alimón Building, Seventh and Shipley streets, for two w*eeks, begining Gclolier 1st. Two gold w atches w'ill be contested for, one by William Monroe and Willian II. Murdock and the other by Daniel Gillespie and John Dougherty. A diamond ring will be contested for bj' Mrs. Michael Welch and Miss Abbie Monaghan. A pair of gold bracelets set with diamonds, valued at $2U0 and presented to Father De Ruyter by a gentleman in Baltimore, will also be disposed of. All are earnestly requested to aid the worthy cause. countM». S(j iTit' iTiatti'i* iv.sts.” 'I’ht' D 'uvcr man luni the floor. “Yon n'maniLtM*. ilon’t y»>n. tha way .Sanator Tab«>r's trol'l brivUs from the Viiltnre mine* in .\r;/. »na v\« n* -tolen? The out- | put in tlu* btrni of a bri«*k left the niino i'verv two v,-e.‘k-. t’ne of these bricks was worth about eijht thousand <hil- j lars. 'l*he fi»r»*iiiaii tli ou^^ht he,, could <*arr3' tin* tJ-.-asure himself, but a hmc highway mail l»o!«*d him; jrot nwn\” with tht* yam»*. t<»o. I li* was afterward , cautfht in tin* * ity of Mevii*«> and the briek r«*<iov«T4*»l. 'Thi* foreman took t some assi-tant- wiih him the next time anti on this trip ran into an ambush. ' One assistant was lvi!le«l ainl tlu^ «»tlior wouruleil < )iu* of tlie robln*r>. was hurt j ami afterward cauyhi nursine* his* woun»l in a hut. d in* other robber was picket! up in a ]oin*lv canyon tlea<l, a bullet throu^li liis heatl, a revolver in his hand anti the bri«*k on his breast. Must havt* b*'<*n a irrimlv sarcastic cuss. “I notice \n)u are liavinera good many stage rob1>erÍ4*s out ln*re, Fsetl to have them in Coloratl'». Abolishetl the r«d> beries first ainl aft«*rwar«l the stage. But speaking of robberies reminds me of one highwayman who eouhl give your Blaek Bart points. He had held up stagt* after stage in Siiuthern (oilora-da; taken eveiwthing in sight. He always gave orders as though he had a whole pt>sse in his gang. When he was captured it was fount! that he was a criple weighing about one hundred pounds, and never hail any confederates except dummies armed with broomsticks. He is in the government pen at Detroit now.” “What’s the vise of resisting when a man has the drop on you?" This from a fierce-looking individual whose piercing 03*08 would have scared the ordinar3’^ highwa3*man. “All nonsense, I SÍ13*. Now in the Redding robbery Messenger Montgomer3* resisted. What did he get? Why, a system full of lead. He didn’t save the treasure. He didn’t do himself an3* service, and the good opinion of the eompan.y is nothing to a dead man. I say it's all right to give up when a gun is at your head. There’s nothing else to tlo. Shoot your high-wa3*man as he runs if 3'ou can, but look out for vfuir own hide. You'll never get another." “Are the autlmrities severe upon stage robbers in California?" queried a Philadelphian. “Oh, not verv." answered the fierce looking one. ‘*In the first place, they usuall3* do not catch them. Two bo3*s, frightened half to death, stopped a stage near Cazadero the other day. Tho3* trembled so that they couldn’t get the quaver out of their voices fora week, and this gave them away. They were sentenced to two years each. As to the Redding robbery, the comparatively innocent lad who was lod into it was captured. His elder brother, the one who killed Montgomery and got the boot3’, is still at large. The San Andreas murderer who shot into a stage a few weeks ago and riddled a young lady nger, has never come to light. No, California is not particularly hard on stage robbers.” “Coming back to tha Berkaly eaae,” remarked the q,uiete^ oLthe louaitanL OUR OWN SAHARA. ti»>n. It is as thc'iugh you Were borne along on a gentlv moving river, for the cit3* is as silent as a necrt)polis, and there are no sounds, no clanging of street e:»r bells, no hideous shouting of salvation hymns, to break the spell. Farther down the river 3’on see tier upon tier of floating houses motored to tlu* hank, in which a large fCirt of the pt»pu1ation of P.00,000 dwt‘11. But that ]vart of Bangkok which inten*sts tlu* tourists most is the section set apart for the king. I'lu* pa1a«:t* is inclosed in high white walls, which are a mile in circumference. Within them are contained temples, public offices, seraglios, stables ft)r the sacred elt*phant, accommodations for 1,000 troops, cavalry, artillery, war elt»phants, an arsenal and a theater. The palace of the king is eqvilpped in true oriental magnificence. Hangings of the costliest tapestry and mats made of woven silver catch the eye at every turn. His present majest3^—a luxurious fellow—had lately erected a structure of which the like docs not exist in the world. In summer Bangkok is a steaming sweat-room, and an^ contrivance to escape from the heat is eagerly entertained. Some architect suggested to the king that he have erected a glass pavilion in the great reservoir that occupies part of the palace grounds. He drew the plans, and the scheme captured the fancy of the king. The pavilion is built entirely of glass— walls, floors, ceiling and all—joined by an indissoluble cement. The plates or slabs, of different sorts and thickness and of variegated colors, were obtained in Prance, whither an agent had been sent for the purpose. When put together they formed the prettiest and most unique structure that imagination can picture. “By mechanical means it was so arranged that, when empty, the pavilion would rise to the surface of the miniature lake. At a little distance it resembles nothing so much asa pretty con-servator3*, such as might be .seen in the Jardin des Plants at Paris or in the gardens at London. Happening along a little later you might wonder what had become of the pavilion. An attendant would tell you that the king was taking recreation with his harem at the bottom of the lake and point to the spire - like ventilators rising above the level of the placid surface as evidence of the truth of what he tells you. By one door only can the king enter, and this closes hermetically after him. At once the edifice begins to sink, the valves in the tall pipes in the roof open, and in a few minutes it is resting beneath the placid waters. There, in softened light trickling through the panes of colored and figured glass, the king spends the hot summer days singing, smoking, eating and drinking with his harem and favorites about him.”—San Francisco Examiner. X*h» Great American Desert Is the StranjZ" est Part of This Country. The Great American desert was almost better known a generation ago than it is to-day. Then thousands of the hardy Argonauts on their way to California had traversed that fearful waste on foot with their dawdling ox-teams, and hundreds of them left their bones to bleach in that thirsty land. The survivors of those deadly journeys had a very vivid idea ¿,7 what that desert was; but now that we can roll across it in less than a day in Pullman palace cars, its real—and still existing— horrors are largely forgotten. I have Walked its hideous length alone and wounded, and realize something more of it from that than a great many railroad journeys across it have told me. Now every t-anscontinental railroad crosses the great desert which stretches up and down the continent, west of the Rocky mountains, for nearly two thousand miles. The northern routes cut its least terrible parts; but the two railroads which traverse its southern half—the Atlantic & Pacific railroad and the Southern Pacific— pierce some of its grimmest recesses. The first scientific exploration of this region was Lieut. Wheeler's United States survey about 18fi0, and he was first to give scientific assurances that we had here a desert as absolute as the Sahara. If its parched sands could speak their record what a story they might tell of sufferings and death; of slow-plodding caravans, whose patient oxen lifted their feet ceaselessly from the blistering gravel; of drawn human faces that peered at some image of a placid lake, and toiled frantically on to sink at last, hopeless and strengthless, in the hot dust which the mirage had painted with the hues and the very waves of water. No one will ever know how many have yielded to the long sleep in that inhospitable land. Not a year passes, even now, without record of many dying upon that desert, and of many more who wander back, in delirium of thirst. Even people at the railroad station sometimes rove off, lured by the strange fascination of the desert, and never come back; and of the adventurous miners who seek to probe the golden secrets of those barren and strange-hued ranges, there are countless victims. A desert is not necessarily an endless, level waste of burning sand. The Great American desert is full of strange, burned, ragged mountain ranges, with deceptive, sloping broad valleys between—though as we near its southern end the mountains become st^ewhat less numerous and the sandy wastes more prominent. There are many extinct volcanoes upon it, and hundreds of square miles of black, bristling lava flows. A large part of it is sparsely clothed with the hardy grease wood; but in places not a plant of any sort breaks the surface as far as the eye can reach. C. F. Lummis, in St. Nicholas. TEN MILLION YEARS MORE. Not Half as Mucti to be Feared. Nervous Old Gentleman (on the cars) Conductor, is that man taking a political straw? Conductor—Oh, no. That fellow U only a train-robbur.—Judge. That Is the Outside I.imit of the Kxistence of Man on the Karth. There is a^istinct limit to man's existence on earth, dictated by the ultimate exhaiistion of the sun. It i.s, of course, a question of much interest for us to speculate on the probable duration of the sun’s beams in sufficient abundance for the t»ontinned maintenance of life. IVrhaps the most reliable determinations are th ose wliich have been made 1)3* Prof. laingbn*. They are based on his own experiments upon the intensity of solar radiation, conducted under oircumstances that give them special value. I shall oudeav*or to give a summary of the interesting resiilts and conclusions at which he has arrived, The utmost amount of heat that it would ever hav'c l)ecn possible for the sun to have contained would supply its radiation for eighteen million years at the present rate. Of course, this does not assert that the sun, as a radiant bod3*^, may not be much older than the period named. We have already seen that the rate at which sunbeams are poured forth has gradually insfeased as the sun rose in tempera ture.the early times the quantity of sunbeams dispensed was much less per annum than at present, and it is, therefore, quite possible that the figures may be so enlarged as to meet the requirements of any reasonable geological demand with regard to past duration of life on the earth. It seemed that the sun had already dissipated about four-fifths of the enegy with which it may have originally been endowed. At all events it seems that, radiating energy at its present rate, the sun may hold out for four million years or five million years, but not for ten million years. Here, then, we discern in the remote future a limit to the duration of life on this globe. We have seen that it does not seem possible for any other source of heat to be available for replenishing the waning stores of the luminary. It may be the heat was originally imparted to the sun as the result of some great collision between two bodies w*hich w*ere both dark before the collision took place, so that, in fact, the two dark masses coalesced into a vast nebula from which the whole of our system has been evolved. Of course, it is always conceivable that the sun may be reinvigorated b3’- a repetition of a similar startling process. It is, however, hardly necessary to observe that so terrific a convulsion would he fatal to life in the solar S3*stem. Neither from the heavens above nor from the earth beneath does it seem possible to discover any rescue for the human race to the inevitable end. The race is as mortal as the individual, and, so far as we know, its span can not be run out beyond a number of millions of years which can'cer^inly be Wld, on the fingers of both hands, and probably on the fingers of one.—Goldthwaite's Geographical Magazine.    , WHERE THEY LAUGH AT LAW. Mountain Desperadoes In Several .StatM Being: Slowly Broug'ht to Time. The sentence of death recently passed on Talton Hall, the mountain desperado, is another evidence that the wild country extending alopg the borders of West Virginia, Virginia, Kentucky and Tennessee and farther south is making an effort to free itself from the various desj)eradoes and bands of desperadoes who have long given to those sections a character not in accordance with American civilization. For several gea-erations it has been impossible to sa-, cure the conviction of a murderm. If the courts themselves were not influenced by partisanship the witnesses were afraid to testify, and no man suffered for taking another’s life unless the friends of that other took his own in payment. But siuoe the miners and the railroad builders and others have entered these regions the population is becoming gradually reclaimed. Many of the worst despera- ’ does have been punished. Some have ’ been hanged, some are in the peniten- j tiary for life, and since the law now ! gives some proteclfion witne.sses are not ^ afraid to offer their evidenc‘d. Thus more convictions are sure to follow, au<$ ; in time the once half-wild population' of the Alleghenies w'ill become as or- | derly as the inhabitants of any other' part of the Union. There have been * many false impressions concerning these mountain feuds and battles. It has often been said that they will offer good material for the future novelist when time shall have thrown a little* romance over them. Perhaps they will, ’ but there is no romance about them at! present.    Í The desperadoes of the Allegheniea are an idle, worthless set, who proyi upon and bully the industrious and orderly portion of the community, while nearly all their feuds are generated and kept alive by deep potations at the illicit', distilleries. There is nothing pictup-l esque or inspiring in the appearance ofj these desperadoes. If the curious expect to see tall, agile mountaineers, with erect heads and bold eyes and the man- ’ ners of a Rob Roy, they can prepare themselves for a disappointment. Usually they are small, sallow and shrunken, shuffling of gait, unsteady of eye and never erect of form, and if the truth must be told about them, they are cow*ardly. The most notorious mu5v-derers never fight face to face with' their victims an^ on equal terras, as the bold outlaw's in the story books do, but they seek every advantage. Usuall3*N a man is ambushed and shot dow*n w hen he is leasti expecting danger, and if there is any open fight at all it is because one party' is able to attack another in overw'helm-ing numbers. FrequentU* in these mountain feuds women and children are killed as mercilt^slt* as if they were men, and it has been a favorite method forgone faction to surround a’ cabin at night, set it on fire and shoot ^ ^the inmates as the3* ran out. It should also be know*n that the desperadoes form but a small fraction of the mountain population. They have hitherto carried things with such a high hand that thej* have given thebf' bad tone, in the 03*6 of the public out>-side, to the character of all. The great bulk of the mountaineers of the Alleghenies, whether in this state or¡ another, are law*-abiding citizens, and-w'hen relieved of the incubus of thei desperadoes, which the\* will be, will give to their country a reputation for peace and good behavior.—Baltimore Herald. WRECKS AT SEA. —^To be Sure.—“There is something wrong with this thermometer I bought here last week. It won’t register anything but sixty-five.” Clerk—“Well, ain’t that a good temperature?”~Yankee Blada.    ) Contrary to a Common Belief They Slnki to the Bottom. There is a rather common, but erroneous. notion to the effect that a human bod\*, or even a^ship, will not sink to the bottom of the profounder abysses of the oceans, hut w*ill, on account of the den.sity of the w’aters at a great depth, remain suspended at some distance above the surface of the earth. ‘ This is an error. No other fate awaits the drowned sailor or his ship than that which comes to the marine creatures who die on the bottom of the sea; in time their dust all passes into the great storehouse of the earth even as those who receive burial on the land. However deep the sea, it is but a few hours before the body of a man who finds his grave in the ocean is at rest upon the bottom; it there receives the same swift service from the agents which, in the order of nature, are appointed to care for the dead as comes to those w*ho are reverently inhumed in blessed ground. All save the hardest part of the skeleton are quickl3'taken again into the realm of the living, and even those more resisting portions of the body, in time are, in large part, appropriated by the creatures of the sea-floor, so that before the dust returns in the accumulating water to the firm set earth it may pass through an extended cycle of living forms The fate of animal bodies on the sea floor is well illustrated by the fact that beneath the waters of the gulf stream, where it passes by southern Florida, there are in some places quantities of bones, apparently those of the manitae, or sea-cow, a large herbivrous mammal, which, like the seal, has become — adapted to aquatic life; these creatures plentifully inhabit the tropical rivers which flow into the Carribean sea, and are, though rarely, found in the streams of southern Florida. At their death they drift out into the open water and are swept away to the northward by the ocean current. For some weeks, perhaps, they are buoyed up by the gases of decomposition, which are retained by their thick, oily skins; as these decay and break the bodies fall to the bottom.—Scribner. '—Lady (meeting little boy who !• crying)—“What is the matter, littla boy?” Little Boy—“My mother whipped me this morning ’cause I didn’t keep my temper, and now my teacher just whipped me ’cause I didn’t get rid of it, and I don’t know what to do. Bool hool         I L

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