American Catholic Tribune (Newspaper) - October 1, 1892, Cincinnati, OhioAmerican Catholic
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VOL VII.CINCINNATI O.. SATURDAY. OCTOBER 1, 1892
CONVENTION OF THE NATIONAL AFRO-AMCRiCAV PR¿SS CONVENTION.
We'com«d byPrwsidant Hartman, of Common Council The Mace — Question in the South—President Nl'tcneC’s address.i':. :
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d«'\«•-United States, and this morning is a dared that it would be an injustice •'tranger in a strange land. to censure the whole party tor the
“The memory of the three bruised, acts of a few and upon motion the bleeding bodies of those illfate» resolution was tabled, men, the picture of wives and chil The invitation to the ratifícatíon dren wringing their hands, with meeting of ihe Democratic Colored eye» swollen from weeping, presents State L ague, which was received at ' to us a picture which c*!ls for an out the Tuesday’s session and which was i spoken expre>sion of «pinion from declined with regrets, was again this organization. taken up by the meeting and it was j
•‘Arkansas has burned her Ed. Coy deciiied by a unanimous vote to ex ‘ at the stake. He die I protesting his purge all records of it from the min
lites of the convention. It was held that the invitation was an insult to the couventiou.
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» wrci'e». condcclel by Kvv, II. Heard, ^V'llmlngl^*!l, Del., after h L < b a prayer v% i- ortered by i p.i;. T Tinner, D. D.. of
iniioience of the cniiu' again>t him‘.Tennessee her Gri/,¿.ards. Knives m*erc repe.atedly stuck into lii> lH»dy, as, yelling with pain and luud in h s pleadings for mercy, be was h <l to the place of execution. Viiginia has given us also numerous ea'f'. of huleliory. while the other ¿oJliieni .«•tales have kept time with ihi- march of harbari'*iii.
rather amunaious comlitiou of aiTair«i i-* pres4*uled in this country at the pre.-ent time.
‘‘One |K)liiical party ehallenges
A >YKTi;.M OK I>KTK»‘TloX I'KOKI*.
(Í, F. Hragg, editor of the Church i Ailvocat'e, introduved the followiag
Keilolved, That the editor.s of the Afro'American Pres.s As.sociatiou i be most earnestly requested to bring before oiir people the urgent need of ! a fund for the purpose mentioned in the able paj>er read by Mi-s Ida B.
the 4*1 her to an issue which involves Wells last evening, and that each ed
these conditions, ¡tor he further requested to receive
;.An, president of Common made .m addrcs* welc«»rning the del* to liii- city, a> did Rev. T. D. .Mil i« r. T. T. Foit'if e. editor oí the Nei» York A re*¡»«.»nde I to th(*e adire«*'t-'. ai<ti wa«* foilowe.t by 'Ij >rt ad 1 re-^e- bv President Mitch
vole even «turing every election.
“Any party which pe sistently makes its appeal to w'ron^ must court disaster la>tin deftal.
the organiraiion, « ailed the roll and | tiai to race elevation ana pro periiy. i cated tl the following delegate- responded: | "The necessity for the securing of an i|iu>stion.
John 3litchen. ^Jr., Kichmond, l«^UKation, acquiring trades, engag of what Va. ; Mr-. W. H. Heard, PhiladeU i ing in bu iness pursuits, purchasing the color
>hia; T. T. F-*rtuoe. New V'>rk: G.
Clinton. .Sali-bury, N. C.: J. A. Crawford, Lynchburg, V*..; Rev. L. G. Joriian. Philadelphia; J. H. Henderson, Prov’dei ee, R. L; W. P. Kpp*. Richmond, Va.: Mr-. B. F.
the eliin’nation of
Bou bons of the South, wdth an contributions from individuals and
ertrontery character stic of the fron l>eneiicial societies for the above pur
PhiUdeipiiia. Mr. Wendell Hart- tier, declare that plain provisions of pose and forward the same to the
Councils, Abe Fetlefal Cons itution shall nit treasurer of the convention.
l>e carried out, ami that Afro-Araeri Mr, Bragg stated that w'hat the can -IIS shall not be allowed t> colored ^ople of the South wanted luring every national was detectives that they could put
to w'ork on e^ery case of alleged out rage in the South and discover how' much truth the story contained. A and writhe in ever strong appeal was made bv Colonel _ I would urge upuu j William Murrell for the adoption of
e l ami Mr-. Catherine Imi*ey, of the members of this associat on the; the resolution. He said that a stop .^ireei, Somersetshire, England. necc^-ity of inculcating in our people must be put to these southern out
Mr-. Jo-ic D. Heard, iw-creury of the elements of manhood, s» essen I raires. Pres dent Mitchell then va the onraniraiion, «ailed the r«»ll and | p»l to race elevation and pro perity. 1 cated the chair to speak upon the
He declared that he knew he spoke when he ^aid that colored man of the South was
phia; I. 1. r •rtuoe, .New \ ork: it. prof»erty must be apparent to every'the victim of the worst class of W. Clinton. Safi-burv. N. C.: J. A. on ;. I white men. He stated that he had
“With the securing of these essen ¡ saved a number of colored men from tials comes the inculcAting of the lynching on account of false charges very principles which I have hither ! made aga-nst them, and said he had tourgeil. An Afro-American upon saved one man from the gallows four Lee. develan 1. U ; A. Worthington ! his own property is quite another ) times. He was in favor of employ Bfiokiev, Wilmington, Del.: l«ia B. * individual from the one who resU I ing detectives to ferret out these Well.-, New York: Mrs. K. F. Mos- * upon <hat of a white man. | esses, but feared that they couM •'ot
lDdiana}>oUs; Rev. L J.Coppin, “The midnight marauder mn*tbe|be. Much more serious crimes are, Piiila«ielphi«; W. L. Underwood, taught that, as Americsn citizens, he alle,ced, covered up by these out Montg'jmery, Aia.; C. J. Perrv, Rev. we will defend our own first, and i rages on colored men in the South, J. jT Jone- Philadelphia;* S. J. ask the proteciion of the ^vernmeat ‘
Rhoades. Indianapolis: Dr. W. A. afterwards. The lawless mobs,
■wmcUir, N. Calvin Cha-e, Wssbing, while c»¡>s, minions of Judge Lynch, ron, D. C.; Rev. George F. Bragti, must be pveo to understand that J^altimore. Md,; Coiouel William ' every man s home is his cattle, and Murrell, New York. that any encroachments upon the
A committee on credentials was rights of an Afro-American cit»a«n Appointed, cons^itinjf of J A. C raw will be met by a shotgun respoaae ford, Lvnchburg, da.; M. M. Lewy, from the inside of the Florida’ an«i T. J. Rhoades, Harris cincis of bis domicile.
burg. Pa. Thi- committee, after This is the way, in my opiu'oii the | offere'h Mr. Murrell offered CííD-Slerable deliberation, made a only way, of the present condition,» amendment condemning the outrages report re<.t»m mend in sr that none but is to obuin, to secure re-pect and in Mississippi. The report of T. twi''rs and a--« ciate editor- of immunity from |>ersecution and out Thomas For.une, histor an, was then Afro’Amcricai: iournal- be rt^cog rage at the hands ot the lawLss.” received, in which he said that “the
niz«?d as delegate-ro the convt-nlion. At the conclusion of the presi | association should congratulate itself allhoneii every courteav be extended ; dent’- address considerable tinae on the great improvement made dur lo t *r1-jKindeul-. T his rec<»mmen was devoted to d.scussing the sdvisa dat-«..n was the «au-e of a very hot bility of forming a news syndicate ro and ioi.g debate, out the com eiiti.. . supply the journals representetl m
the convention with new'8 matter. A
and he as.serted that the white men there will do a great deal to prevent anyone from aecuriog infbrmBtion He mentioned a case where he had saved a man by declaring that if the man was banged he would publish all the information at his hands.
The resolution by Mr. Bragg was sacred pre , adopted after Mr. Chase had with 1 draw n an amendment which he bad
tin;iUy <lec «led l«* adoj«t it.
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«itín **f the «ii-t u' Irni Mitchell ar-*-e and .¡' address. After re-w‘elc«i Tie they had ! Poiladelph a, he -aid;
, ni-v of c««iument here r'?ii.at«»r - of the g«.*\ erD-r «Treamt that ;il anv lime
itk til!' c'*uiilry - hi-tory the lineal (iecen«lant- of the Ne^iro-- iande«l at Jame-L-w:. in !* jv- A. D., wouI*l at anv I (ii* ^¡'e:lk .a- i»iurnali-u and a-'viiiL.e in conveoliou to prt-eni mea-i ;• - and devi-e mean- for the Wttenii-i.t » i the condition • t the niihi «fis D«‘W un«ierj«‘ing u -y-tem «>f --i' l alor.g-ide of whieb the
- iffenr IX ■ «f the unfortunate Ir.-i; ] ale- ii.t • ÍD.-i¿:ri;tican«-e.’
C\*nt?ruing, i.e -aid: ‘Dar -ide of t:." q ie-lii-*:. K.u-t 1 pr«-etiied. Wlieuever it i- ¡ --d .e I • .-ecare a ii. arinix the ab!*-t ra«of our a--'*.,iaiion sbouM do avhal -'‘Tiie nave alrea«Iy d-me, conirtbule arii cle- to the pres- of the North, and t’lerebv -ecure a bearing from a cla>s
c«»mraittee was appoinied to get the matter in a suitaole form to put be fore the convention.
In the ev«ning Hon. John C. Dan-CO, «>f North C’arelina, editor of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion ;ar!erlr, ma«ie an address on ‘ The Pro--: It- Duty lo Itself and the Cau-e it Presumes to Represent.” He was follow'ed by Miss Ida B. Wi 1 editor of the New York Aye, w lio lead a paper on “The Require mentí of Sjuthern Journalism.”
ing the last year. I venture to say that a larger number of Afro-Ameri cans had their own newspapers dur ing th past year than ever before. The race is also growing in wealth despite the efforts of many persons, wdt'C in their own conceit, to demon strate to the contrary. The race has a way of disappointing its enemies and surprising its friends, of whom it has a few, although the older and more devoted, born out of the agonies «>f tlie aoti-slavery agitation, are fast joining ‘the silent majoiily’, John (ire.nleaf Wliittier being the last to go. The white South is al low'ed to do the most of the talking
A Rudd, editor of the Amkricax UATin»! 1.; Tribi’xe, of Cincinnati, wa- referred to a committee:
“Re¿o1veiI. That wea.skour brother- of the daily press to condemn the mur*lers called lynching where ever they occur, and to encourage eol'‘:«d ’emigration to other and newvr parts of the United Slates.”
SECOND DAY'S SESSION.
«.*: pvople w ho never learn «^«rlier t’nan ! lire Bourbon Snithi-rrer'- -i le of the'
The second day’s session of the convention of the National Afro-Ameri can Pre>s Association in the Council -|ue-liun. Chamber was lively and animated,
‘ Xlic power of the Afro-American owintr to a discussion which arose pr»-'- is no longer a que-tion. It over the adoption of a resolution ha? stepped iorth ioto the aiena of ^ oflered by Mr. Chase, of Washing realilic-, and tbo«e who have under ton, D- C., to the effect that the as the tireleaa attacks from their sociation condemn the democratic arrows of w ioged thought mu«*t ex * party of the South for outrages on viuim, ‘It- j*ower is mighty.’ the colored people of that section of
^'-‘^he continued oppres-ion w bicb the country, for many lynchings of la-caused the Soutnland to be the ¡colored men ret*ently, calling partic -port of the law-abiding of eveiy ular attention to the lynching of «.lime «leraand- attention at our John Scott, Robt Burton and Cpas. hands. The lynching of Afrj-Amer W. Miller. These men were hanged icans i'the rUault of thi- harv e-t of last October at Chiton Forge, Va., bloo«i. Tf*e fair journalist from the to a tree by a mob. city «if MemphU i« n«jw‘ an exile. A very heated discussion ensued
The Sp^erh^ of that city, exer w'hen the resolution was offered, in
c'*e«l r*ne “f the guarantee<Í provi [ whh h neirly ^ver>’ member took
o - t v Coustilat: • : iht- part. A few of the speaker- do
The following, offered by Daniel and the w riting and i s capacity for
sacrificing the trutli to make a pe riod ron lid, and for excusing itself from all wrongdoing of whatever sort is too notorious too need en-rtirgemenl.”
KI.KCTION or OFKICEK-
The following officers were then elected or the ensuing y'ear: John
Mitchell, president; C. ’Daucy, first vice-president; Mrs. B. F, Lee, sec ond vice-jiresident; Mrs. J. C. Heard, secretary; G. "NY. Clinton, assistant secretary, an<l Miss Ida B. Wells, t easurer. The afternoon session was opened by prayer by Rev. W. H. Troy, after w'hich a resolution was offered by Colonel William Mur rell that the Áfro-American press of the United States “in convention assembled at Independence Hall, that we extend to his Excellency BeiTjamiu Harrison, our heartfelt sympathy in this his hour of trouble over the illness of Mrs. Ilarrisoo, the first lady of tne land, and that we fervently pray for her speedy re covery.” It was unanimouoly decid ed to despatch the resolution to the Executive Mansion.
Hon. Charles Emory Smith was then introduced and made a brief ad dress. He said he came to attend the national convention at which the striking feature was the fact that the most brillirut and intellectual «lis
plays were made by the members of the colored race.
“Your people are able,’’said he, ‘to con'ribuie greatly to the pro gress and intellectual advancement of the country. I am glad to see this in this historic building which mea .t more to them than ro others. There is no problem of greater mo merit before the colored people than the advancement of their race.
“I believe that such a body of men and women could, with courage and ¡ earnestness, accomplish a power of ! g.»o«i which no man can estimate As a Philadelphia journalist I am glad to welcome you and hid you God -poe«i in the work you are do ing.”
.\n intere-tinti paper w a-j rearl by J. .seph W. T. Henderson, eiiitor or the Providence. R. L, on
“An Appeal to Justice.” He re ferre-i to the contest between riglit and wrong, a:.d said the question of the age is: “Shall we stand still or
go on? Go torward or backwani? Shall we dodge that which is right by compromising with that which is w'rong? Shall we do our duty or shrink it? That is the question that now' troubles the nation and appeals to each one of you abke. In behalf of oppresse«i millions and in cons >n ance with right and justice, I appeal 11 you all—not a« members ot any d stinct race, not as Northerners, nor as Southerners, as Methodists nor Baptists, Presbyieriana nor Cob greirationalists, as Democrats oor Republicans, but as an humble-born American, I appeal to you afl as Americans, native-born and natural ized; I appeal to you to marshal yourselves into one grand column and push on with a firm and unre I served determination to throttle open 1 injustice and kill it dead, regardless ! of who are hurt or who insulted ; thereby.” j
He declared further along that | “the last three amendments to the ; Americitn Constitution are written I and signed frauds; that to the square rod we Americans are cursed with more Conatitutional violators than any other civil zed people on the globe, that to-day one-eighth of oar population is but one fourta free and three-fourths slave; that this is dene against the inward desire of more than half of our united popula tion. I know that I have about as much privilege of uttering my public sentiment in the middle of Louisi ana as has Dr. Talmage of pounding the lourteenth chapter of St. John in the middle of hell.”
He referrcjil to roe soiitnern out rages, aocl sa'd that so far as a bet ter and more healthy sentiment on the part of the «lominanl southerners is concerned, this much vexed prob lem is as far from a proper solution today as it was a dozen or more years ago h^lucation and amalga ination have more effect on the prob lem than anv other two forces, for an educated colored youth thinks himself the equal of an educated white youth, w'hich inten.sifies the hatre«l of the southern whiles toffani the southern blacks.
He asserted that the colored peo pD of the South have been maltreat ed for many years; that justice has b«*en «leuied them in the courts, the coro fiehls and cotton patches, free dora al the ballot boxes, and protec ti.«n in their homes. Lie admitted existing ignorance among the col ored people ot the South, hut thought it a living evidence of the injustice wrought upon them, and thouarht ^ uorance in blacks no w >rse than norauce in whites. He also a«lmitted the exis'e ce «.f petty thieves and other rogues among his people, but asserted that there are as many among the white people. He gave a li.st of dishoneat state trea-urers in the South and the amounts they have stolen. He gave at length the re.-ults ot colored labor since the war.
He said that southern white men dodge the subject of amalgamation between the two races South, but declared that it is more potent today than at any other stage of American civilizatiou. This was true, notwith standing laws against intermarriage of the two races. Regarding injus tice against southern colored men, he said that from eighty to ninety per cent, of southeru vprisoners are col ored; that the present chaingang sys tem is a revival of the old time mas terism of the slave days, that there is not a single white man in the gangs, while colored men are the con slant victims. •
At the afternoon se;üit>n the asso ciation ordered a telegram to he sent to President Harrison, extending heartfelt sympathy and praying for Mrs. Harrison’s speedy recovery. Committees were appointed on. reso iutions, constitution and by-laws, time and place, ways a d means, and
the following executive committee: T. Thomas Fortune, Daniel A. Rudd, Chris J, Parry, M, M. Lewey. John C. Doucy, W. Allison Sweeney and L. J.'Copp n.
The bandquet took placs in the evening, at Natatorium Hall, Broad street. Chri* J. Parry, of the Trib~ unel was toastmaster. Around the table sat the most distinguished Col ored journalists of the country, among them being George Gordan, W. Alomond. U. C. Astwood, ex-IMinister Saii Domingo; Levi Cromwell, Dr. B. F. Sayers, Professor Mitcheil, of Wilberforce University; W alter P. Hale, J. B. Caldwell and J. Jarai.son. The followdng toasts were responded: “Our Guests,” t
C- Wears; “Philadelphaia,” Dan A. Rudd; “La'iies,”T Thoma.s Fortune; “Men,” John B. Wells, and ‘‘The Press,” John Dan«.ev.
On next Tue-dav and Wednesday, there will gather beneath the old bell independence Hall so ue of the most learned, industrious and self-sacrific ing Colored men and women known in the history of the past quarter of a century. This assemblage will be composed of Colored men women wh«> have devoted their lives and energies ro the education of the masses by pulishing and editing weekly papers, and they are known as the National Afro Americ in Press Association. Delagates from the far South, East, West and Nortli, will be in attendance.
When one ponders over the obstacles in the way of aspiring Colored men; when thoughtful minds retiect upon the face that every bright and successful paper edited to-day by Colored men, had its birth, not only in the lap of poverty and want, but was ushered into existence at an hour when the mind of the average Col red man and woman, was cloud* ed with doubts as to the publishers* ability to make a success of the project. When, amid the brilliant successes apparaht in the realm of the Afro American newspaperdom today, the reflective mind recalls the fact, success has onlv been attaied because those at the helm were sturdy, persevering men, who have in most instances reaped no* other reward, but a clear conscience because of the joyfUl indications of the presen», that toose for whom they have labored are now beginning to appreciate, applaud and support their efforts, they will to a certaiu degree conceive how valuable such men and women are to the race, in the a^regate.
The people of Philadelphia, 8hoald,indeed, feel proud to welcome such pioneers to this city. The ees* sion w ill be held in Common CoiincT Chambers, and will be open free to all. Our people should attend every session an i in hundreds of ways do all in their pow'er to make the distins guished visitors feel that no city is able to outdo Philadelphia in show, ing marked evidences of appreciation for those who are w'orthy.— PhUafJeli^hia Weekhj Tribune
It Is Opened by Archbishop Corri-can with Croat Pomp and Ceremony.
Newurk, N. J., September *27-— The Sixth German Catholic Congress wa- formally opened this morning, w hen Archbishop Corrigan celebrated pontifical high mass at St. Peter’s Church.
The Church w'as filled wdth priests an 1 delegates. No w'Omen were in the church, except those in the choir. The choir consisted of the combined choirs of the five German Catholic Churches and a boy chorus. Four organists, Messrs, Scharffenberger, Mendrich, Sanderdorn and Bauder-mann, furnished the instrumental music. The mass proceeded w'ith the usual pomp, with the Archbishop as the celebrant and Vicar General John O’Connor as assistant priest. Bishop Wigger, Jansen and Richter also took part in the cere^ monies.
The deacon w'as the Rev. William Tappert, of Covington, Ky., and the sub-deacon Father Hagen, of Belleville, III. Rev. James W. Connellv, was master of ceremonies, and W. S. McLaughlin, of the New York Cathedral, his assistant. The Very Rev. Dr. Anton Heiter, of Buffalo, preached the sermon.
At the close of the mass a niieet-ing wa^held in the school hall, eighty priests, delegates from all over the United States, being present. Be* fore the election of officers for 1S93 a new constitution was adopted.
A NATIVE CIERGV.
GREAT SEMINARY FOR NATIVE SECULAR PRIESTS IN INDIA AND CEYLON.
Munificent Gift of the Holy Father
for this Pufposo—The Spirit of
the Church is to Provide Native Priests and Bishops.
It would perhaps not be easy to exagerate the importance ot the information contained in our first ar^ tide, viz., that Pope Leo Alii oad set aside a sum of £2O,00O lor the erection of a great * en ral Seminary for nativ'e secular priests in India or Ceylon. Ever since the heirarchy w'as erected <n those countries by the same Pontiff* in 1886,*it has been clear that, eventually at least, a regularly Cuiistituted local heirarchy must imply a native secular clergy. For a national hierarchy with a body of foreign piiests, can evidently bd only a temporary expedient. At present there are in India and Ceylon, (according to the Madris Catholic Directory of 1892) 690 European missionaries, chiefiy religious of various orders, as against 656 native prie>ts. The bishops, of course, are so far exclusively' European. A great native seminary with lOO students of philosophy and theology w'ill make a great change in thU state of affairs within the course of a generation; and it would be hard to forecast the great influence which such a change may be destined in God’s providence to have upon the future development! of the Church in India.
Our European missionaries are fully alive to the vast importance of a native cler^, not in India only, but all over the world. Hence, for instance, the strennous efforts made by the Fathers of St. Joseph’s Missionary Society in the United States to train up negro candidates for the priesthood in order to work among the colored f^ople. It seems to us here appropriate to qoute on this subject the words of one of the most distinguished mission ers of that Socie^, the Very Rev. Father Jackson, Perfect Apostolic of Northern Borneo; published some time ago in America:
“One of the most striking marks of the divine origin of the Catholic Church is her wonderful adaptibility to every race and people. ’ All other religious systems se^m to be confined to certain natioiij and coutries and appear unable to become universal. Not so the Catholic Church, which is founded in every land and people under the sun. All men, whatever their race or nation or color, are equally dear to her, and find them* selves equally at home within her fold. But, while being universal, the Catholic Church is eminently national. In no way is this more clearly seen toan in her endeavors to create and maintain a native local clergy—to let every nati n or people have, as far ss possible, native bishops and priests. This has ever been and is now the true spirit of the Church. The spirit was evident from the very oeginning of her existence, in the time of the Apostles themselves, as is shown in the Acts and Epistles. For. in w'hatever part of the earth they or their immediate successors e-‘tablished the Church, they invar ably o daired bishops and priests from among the people they had converted, and so set up a native clergy to provide for the increase and permanency of religion
Follow'iag the example of the Apostles and their disciples, the Roman Pontiffs have ever striven to provide a local clergy w'hereever^and whenever possible. This is especially shown by the care and anxiety, they have manifested in establishing and fostering the many national collegés or seminaries in Rome, in which youths of the s'me nation may live together while pursuing their clerical studies, under the most learned professors that can be found in the Clinch, whence the^' take back with them to their own country the true spirit of Catholicity imbibed in the centre and fountain-head of the Christian Church.
On account ot long-continued persecutions, great poverty and other such causes, it has been quite impossible in some countries to do anything towards the formation of ecclesiastical seminaries, but in China'and the other countries near it, the bishops have been able to do so, though with great labor and difficulty. The result has proved the wisdom and prudence of their action. In some countries, where all European priests had been put to
tContinusd on Fonrth Pase.l