Page 1 of 26 Mar 1892 Issue of American Catholic Tribune in Cincinnati, Ohio

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American Catholic Tribune (Newspaper) - March 26, 1892, Cincinnati, Ohio American Catholic tr Bis    Gftr«iBAJ    OlfetoB»,    Are*Mafe«t    •!    Beltieerw,    Si.,    dM    BMt    Rtv.    ircAMsfcope    •!    OtaMlmtl,    oatf    PAHaitlfRf,    lAt    Rt.    R«i.    sisBOfU    «t    Oevlietoe,    Ry„    MuMs,    0.,    BacRaoBt,    ?«.,    ftneww»,    M..    «ai    wimiatto»,    0«U VOL VII.CINCINNATI SATURDAY. MARCH 26 IH‘2 NO 3 DOCTOI.’ED AN EMI'KESS. MENDINGOLO ROADS AND MAKING NEW ONES. ill* I n«t#p^itüenr*> ll# Orc*m« f’-worií» Xf'Uif'Al    of ( zarina of Ras»t« Mn«l i'ame Mad I ortanr. A H' fMlíT m- r ... 1 N.< Air mi'Hvt íTnr 3 tul fMkprlar —    '    ‘ f    Rn^^ian    o<"*liinv at ’ :ie Nfvv York Rocortler. la 1^ no. t.Sn S.r>n of Ihn laiuous V    tUi'.    Mi lan »>f thal n.Tmo. w ho waa I' •* farorite medical allcnilant r»f the 4mí*‘ c.-’^i ina. .A ciiru. 1-1 ».i,->rv toii.1 of ih.e circum-rranct-ii w uich led to hi.s appt^intmeni at Tne i‘mprv*.,M be?>ule*ii    af- w ;ih con*.umption. was suffering? ♦rom liiíje.iix* ••f the heart. Like manj T'.hcr invali.i-*. she was forerer con- * ini'll that the physicians id atiendanoe faiied u> umierstantl h»-r ca.>e. a state of due rather to the extraordinary in* siesty of her majesty than U> any i;mo-raoce on the part of h»r d*x*tors. For >he was so devout and so extremely ^>ious that she cnuki not be prevailed tipon to permit them to examine her srhest in the ortiinarv manner £»er on the lookout for a phrsiciaB As ho could dsapnose her ease, she readily granted permissum t*> one of her la-dies-in-w ajtmjr l*> prt*scni her to a Y'ounif and. at that time, unknow n doc-■*-or nametl Hotkine lie came and created a m«jst fav«irahh- iiu|>rrssion upon :»er majesty untiJ the moment when he her to mm»»vc t!u- IsMliee of her Irc'.s m *»r\ler t>» enable him t*» examine • ler ch*‘st. Stie at once retU'.etl t » com-5>1\. ami addeil that .all the physicians svho had atten*lc«l hi-r until then had preseriln'il for lur without rc<jniring any siich itnin*MÍ, -.t <li-pia% "If r»>ur in.iicvty liiu oncv 1 must re *?use cither to ¡.ri--«T11 h- .»r a-lvi^e." re-piieti iJotkine with vTreal d g-nity "It :*• impos>ihie f - -r an . n.- t * *1 iag’n* *-.e the 'ase with*»i:t a t i*-r >UL’’h c\aminali*»n." -And bei'or* th* a'loni-.hc*l •*mprt-ss t*»u!d utter a w -n he *N‘;;an t>*o\inp Vtiinseif out. .'in i ,w o*d hLT:j-i*:i alm»>st into the ariM- of A iexand.-r I] , who was just eut*-i-.n-,’' llavÍDíT iiearil fronj the ladu -i in the «nle-ehamW-r that a w a® his 'Aife. the czarrt*»kc«l v iicerilv of Dr Ikit’.iine h< ,w he !- mnd the empress, auci then    inir tic* tatUT s disoon- -rerted h»<h iial    hap pened 'I'r,-* V'iiino .-.« tor n-pluul iliat her maje-’v hao r. íum-* T»r any other phvsii i.xn t chest in tlu- cu^t-an.irv that nnder lie* - ¡r. not COOseienl 1* *11' v t'• jx i mil him » <*\amiitc her and ’!-ij-Nt.inci-s lie could i-itiier ilia^fiiose the case or pres,-ril>i‘ f..*- ;t Struck by the \ oiincr man's independence of i haracUT atid lani,'uajf * aa well as by his honesty and i-oinmon sense the e/ar di-misseti him in the Tnost kindly manner, w ith instruetiooa to call at the palace the folh>winfr day at noon. Dr. B«tkirie made his appMt*-ance at llie ajbpointe<l time, was received by the emperor and conducted by kxitn to the czarina, who had been in the meantime prevailed upon by her hu»-band to ftubmit to the e.xamination. The remedy subsequently adminia-tered bv the young' phv-»ician afforded «0 mnch relief l<i the imperial patient thaL thence forth Dr Ik >ikine's fame and fortune were ma<le 'I he empresa vrould allow no one else to attend her. He aoQuired a most extraordinary’ influ-ance over her and remained with her ontil her death    at Nice.    Subsequently he set up in private practice at St. Petersburg. although retaining his eoort appointment and the favor of tbs imperial family. His tisual fee for a consultation was one hundred rubles, (fne day he was visited by i*rince Demidoff, who was as mean and avaricious as he was rich. After bavingr preM.rilzed the necessary remedies Dr    Dot k me    noticed that Prtnce Demidoff had extracted two five-ruble n'»tcs from his pocketbook -and that he wras ab«>ut to tender them In payment    of the    consultation. "Thanks, no.    Nothing'    st all. my dear prince, ' be exclaimctt. in a most kindly and affectionate manner. "You ou^’ht to know that I never accept any fee at ail from the }VM>r."    • CURE OF THE TOBACCO HABIT. Tau Taaas    K«>ll»v»d    HU CraviafS Sy Swokias t'uaaoa Mallata. One of the Sliore Line trains was com* tn^ tip from Ncwr A'ork. asvs the Boa-tdh Herald. A young- man entered the amoking car at New I.<ondoD, pulled a book from hia grip snd a T. D. from his |>0c1cet. filled the T. D., lighted it aod a^ttled comfortably into his seat for ths .Journey. Pretty soon a pleasant aromatic odor began to prevade the car in his vicinity. It had a snggestion of cubebs. bnt was A20t cubebs. There was a hint of sweet ifem, yet it wa.s different. The drummers who were playing 'Whist in the opposite seats sniffed the ■air and loo'tced about; so did the old ^ntleman in the seal in front of the ydnth with the T. D. By and by the old gentleman tamed afonnd and said; "I beg your pardon« .young man. but may I ask what you ■are smoking'"^' The young man smiled. "I am trying to break my.^^lf of «-mijkiug,” he maid. “My sweetiieari objects totobac-■cow 8he doe'-n’t care liow much I smoke If I let the great wce«i alone Now you, asa smoKir Ví.ujxclf. know that the principal pN a- ire < .f stn .king comes from the    >-Í    the pipe or ■cigar in    m*»uta at:*’ seeing the sm* ke .    a-vav    D i-. q - lo d.s mucb that    • ■    1 .r    .tie    cil.-tUs    uf the nic "’A.    ;    •    1 .    I..a* ' - .isLire in stno,.    ■    -    '    ■    •    L .:    laat is not a .    ■    .;•■■■ pleasant las’.    = K3thes the I. . . ' . ■    ■    -    ; iky any raw I.    :    ’    '    , • r t-ionchial tubc' ‘ ' : ■    - ’    ■    .Í it is that miter' ..    ..    ” t >oacco la any f ' i    .    t ». a maa pos.L.v* .    .    it    '    1 lat's how I am c .ii    ^ .i,-. '< f    < - f - :    . ■    . .T.g tobaooo.** "But    l;.e    ‘•t-iíTV*    the old gentleman **2foth.:.g hut common mullein,** •lied the young man with a smile. Ml» KaiSerineR. I'onwiij-,-.f Pn^Ton Ml the    of    the    Prc»?.! ■P - (Coulinucd.) Kuui mending cost.*» money. Few^ Catholic pajHos are einbarrap.sed by thtir s irplus. I know' of but one weekly paper under Cath lie man ajii^ement wnieh employs a nearly adequate sttff; pays i s editors the salar t th y could earn on a high' class secular paper, and makes a regular feature of, not simply news letters but paid literary contributors, including even the poets. The Paulist Fall esc uld not give us a m gazine in line, fr ra the lit' e»ary sland-point, with the best secular magasin .s, and liberal payment to contributors, it the editors and bu-iiiess managers diiln’t do the»r work for nothing. The excellent publications of the Je.suits, Domini* cans, and Fathers of the Holy Cross have been possible only through the free labor uf their man -gers. On ^ome even fairly good Catholic papers, thr ugh limited means, too much of the work is from one hand. It iiard for one man, however clever, to do wisely and brill antly the jou nalistie work that should be di\i let! amoi.g three. “Inadequate Catholic patronage,” S» y-» the editor in extenuanon of the 8b'*rt* omiiigs ot tis paper. “Dull C tholic papers,” -ay the noii'subscr bing Calholies in selfdetense. We need a sweeping icforni both of paper' and }»atronage; but it must begin with the i apers. " Don't moan that the ('aihoiic pies** i' poorly pair, nizeil, *’ .lohn Bov le O'Keilly U'e«l to 'ay, "‘but make yom pajsir .so gt, d that people must take it. ” Tbou-^h (I r res<»uri*es art* small. Vet can't they be belter uliliz«*d than they are at present ? In the first place, can't we get thoroughly awake to tlie fai’t that the day of t :e weekly /"tr.< paper is over, and that «oír (.'ilholic people are generally a*^idu«»us and iiitel i-genl readers of the daily jiapers as any other people ?    1 hey are ju-^tly bored an«l offended mil *n their local Call oUc weekly is largely a rehash ul the local secular dmlies. The Catholic paper's whole reason for being—the whole hopa of its prosperous future—is that it giv'e its -rbaders something they can I 6nd anywheie else. Now, they get the news—even most of the Catholic in the daily papers. They newi look t» the Catholic papers for correction, comment, opinion. What the Catholic edit ir owes to his readers is a terse record of Catholic con* temporary history w th intelligent corament thereon; the C'hristian les' son of the eventi of the world’s history; refutation, not of silly slanders appearing in the backwoods, no-Popery organs, which refute them* selves, but of Uie adroit misrepresen-tation^ of history, the false deduction, the doubt auggeeted in a compliment, as touching matters Catholic, which Catholics are absorbing every day through the daily press, the literary journal or magazine, or popular novel, or treatise on polidcal economy, or brilliant biography of stateman or ph lanlhropist or poet. It is of inhnitely more consequence to keep befo e our readers the Catholicity of true democracy; sound views on the school question, the labor question, the matter of Papal independence, etc., than to devote leaderi to the dogma of the Immaculate Conception, which none of them doubt, or to fill a column with the full names and addresses of the sev* en hundred priests who attended the latest sonsecration of a cathedral. The Catholic editor ow’es it further to his readers tv indicate to them Catbo ic standard literature move* meets, and to cast a Catholic light on goperal literature. He s^uld keep before them the work of i^i-nent (?athofic men and women in every field. In a 'Word, that Catholic paper is fulfiinng Its mission which helps to make its readerA strong in tHe faith, ready in defense of it, an^ Supremely proud'of it. But to he and do all this the Catholic editor would need the aggressive zeal and courage of a McMaster, the scholarship and instinct of orthodoxy ol a Valentine Hickory, and the literary ability, tne broad humanity and kindliness, of a Boyle O’Reilly. Well, we have the examples of all these, and if we were not especially thinking of the laymen’s Apoatolate of the Press^ and finding, therefore, the example of his achievement most oppo?*ite, we might say much of the lesson of Father Ilecker’s life to us. Is there any way, save by getting our w’nrk on this high plane, that we American Caholic journalists can hope to hold even go:<l Catholic.s, raueh le-.' to reach the estrays of our own faitii, or to imprcs.s the iion-C'iflholic community'.' I*ct us mend our old roads I ~ And 1 t U-, t >o, make new «.nes. How is the Apo<tolof>. of iff to get at indilferent Catholics, Pro* testant.'s, unbelievers ? Only through the secular press. Father Elliott, in his call to this convention, spoke of the appalling ignorance of Christian principles ou the ]>art of non'Catholice, isn’t there *1ho an appalling am unt of ignoranCi and wrong hcadedness on religious n alters among Catholics themselves? Are there not Catholics whose attitude to the church is full of j aK ously and distrust?—who draw a s’ arp dividinif line between Go i and the church; wuo talk of “ecclesia**ti* cism,” and resent the educalioiial decrees of the Plenary Council as an interference in family affairs; who use the expressions “broad” and “Cat lolic’’ in so sharp antitheses as to reveal iheir conviction that who' ever is Catholic is necessarily narrow; who hold to the Catholic name it is true, but on matters of Catholic obedience leserve the right to pick and choose, and exercite “private judgment,” as thoroughly as any Protestant ever did on ihe Bible These Catholics, orvlinarily, are the spiritual products of the non-re-lig'ous system of educa ion. Is th re net still another class of Catho ics uhot>e actions proclaim what they would not dare to formulate in words even to their own souls:    “    I know my religion is true, and that if I forsake it I’ll lose uiy soul; but I’m rather ashamed of it, 1 fear it's vulgar, I know it’s narrow" an«l oh ! how’ I wish I had been geu-leelly born outside of the church, and alloweil to remain for ever in invincible ignorance I ” One w’. uld be inclined to contempt for iliese small souls but for the remembrance that Christ, forseeing them, still thought them w’orth dying for. iso we must account them w’oit 1 working for, and must even at times adapt our methoiis to their w’, akiie.'S. But there i' almost less hope of reaching or impressing the sort of Catholics Oe.-icribc I above through Catholic papers than of re.rchiiig I’rolestants ilirougn that medium. Sm li Catholics have scant respect for Catholic intelhctual achievement or opinion till it is praiseil or rein forc«*d l»3* non Catholics. They hesitated about Dante till he was taken up by the C'oui’ord School of Phil-osojdiy I Piotcsiant patronage of Catholic college or convent school influence their action far more than the highest ecA-lesiastical ajiproba' tion w’ould. They won’t seriously cousiiler a Catholic newspaper <*»• book until they have seen it in non-Catholic hands, or complimented by the secular or Prote-itant press. We can never do much for weak an4 worldly Catholics, or for the non Catholic community, with our tolate iff the Press till there are more and belter Catholics in secular jour' nalism and in general literature. It is good to see so many Catholic young men and women gravitating towards journalism; but it is devoted-s ly to be wished that many of those so moving were better instructed and braver Catholics. We have already touched on the general willingness of the daily pre-s to give liberal space to tbe record of Catholic events. They find it worth their while to do it. They would infinately rather have snch record correctly made than othewise. It is putting it mildly to say h >w much the managing editor prefers the Catholic sufficiently well up in his religion to know, at liast, what a priest wouldn’t say, to bioa whose misleading “story” brings in an in. dignant letter and forces a prominent correction in the next issue. It is not an apostolic work merely to avert widespread misrepreseota'. tion of matters Cath die ? May we underrate the good aocomplished timply by the correct and dignified reporting of Catholic ciremon’ei, toe spreading of sermons and ad* dresses, the narration of deeds of heroic charity ? We do not touch on the opportuiiities of the critic or €iditori*l writer. All these things áre now a part of the routine w-oft dn the enterpriring daily papéf. These would ralF natuzklly to the joumalist who is a CathdHc. Wh'kt a pity K he'be not eqtiml to his op-poi*tunHies! ‘    i .. Thefe' are CathoHos of more or leas—^rery often less—literary ability who* kré ‘odiTstlAitly ptOclaiming vioft* yésírtfti^ to    *{)éns to the servicie of the chuH3h,iiriib'pSsii*ade it as a virtde' that thfeiy'write ohly Catho .ic publicatioiisi ánd who are also coiistsintly betnOaning the small revenue to be deri'ved'ffom such service. They haVe the most exagger' ated notions of the raoney'Value of their sacrifice. They wildly overrate the payment accorded to literary or journalistic work on secular publications. A writer mast be very famous indeed before he gets an “unearned incrC' ment,” so to speak, on the score of tbe bubble reputation. Some one writing recently in a Western Catholic newjpa )er on the familiar theme of ''he sacrifices made by Catholics who devote their pens exclusively to Catholic papers, i>le.aded for syndicating on such papers—not only that a good thing might thus be easily brought within the reach of many readers, but also that it might bring in to tlie writer one hundred and fifty dollars instead of ten dollars. He intimated that the former figure migqt easily represent what a well* known poet, who is a Catholic, received for some verses appearing a short lime previoi s in the New York Jfiilipeiideot. Now, as a matter of fact, that poem brought its author not more than *15—a price which the New York Indtpendent rarely exceeds on poems. I knew a brilliant young convert, an Oxford mau, to spend nearly a year on a Catholic paper at six dol-liirs a week. But he was offset by a Harvard graduate of ray acquaintance on u rich me r *polÍLan paper at seven collars per week ! I think of still another Harvard man, wnh a very fair literary reputation, and a social positiowoto sustain, on the scant five hundred dollars per year paid him as reader of MSS. by a very wealthy and famous publishing house. We may smile at two dollars or three dollars paid for poems by struggling Catholic magazines, but I have seen Pife's check f -r $2 50 for a brilliant poem to a well known literary man. On the whole the slaves of the pen work for whatever they get anywhere. The# ara indeed to be commended who faithfully devote themselves to building up » Catholic press and a Catholic literature, to mending the old roads; biu there are other forms of acceptable service, and they are a so to be praised who go forih bravely making new’ o e ones. Booking at journalism and literature merely as means of livelihood, no one claims that a Catholic is obliged to write excliisiveíyXi’or Catholic publications, nor to bring cut his books ezclusively with Catho* li: publishers. Our only duty is not to trim or coinpromisj in defert-nce to the real or suppos d prejudice-i of noii-Cutliolic-». Indeed, the Catholic who has made a name in general literature, who ha.H won by torco of ability and good workiiianHhip the entrance into the be^t publications—and is still know n a>^ a dcvcut Catholic—can be most effective in the Apostidate of the Press^ especially in that branch of it w'hich aini' at the enlightmen ami con vers on of the iioi -' .’atholic or Americ a. For such a Calhol’c it is otten the higher <luty to choose the n>n-Calholie medium. Shall Maurice F. sacrifice his opportunity of presenting ih-j Catholic Lay* man’s Conviefion on the school-question in the N^orth American Revi to for the sake of an extra story in tne Av*" Mitriaf Would George Parsons Lathrop’s article on Dr. Browuson do as much good anywhere as it will in its announced place, the Atlnntic Mordhl^P Some of us remember a bitter little riing againijt “Catholics who write for the Independent^ Would to God we had more Catholics like the majority of those who write for the Independent.' Oh ! let us remember that there is room enough and work enough for all of us; that the question of old road or new is to be solved for every one of us by opportunity; that the supreme question, appealing with eqeal force to all, is :    “Am    I,    with the meaos at my command, doing all the good that God and humanity have a right to expect of me?” NORWICH, CONN. Rev. P. J. McKenna of Marlboro, Mass., delivered an able address: “All men in America are kings, be' cause every man is equal before the law.” On Sunday, March 13th, the St. Mary’s Total Abstinence and Benevolent Society, had the laying of the cornerstone of their new build«ng. The cere moo V was perform by Rev. Father P. Kennedy, the pastor of St. Patricks Ghurch- These servioes completed, the andienoe repaired to Breeds hall, where they were addressed by Father-McKenna. There were at feast 1,^00 people in the houie.' President John M. Lee, of St. Mar^a T. A. B. S., in behalf ot that body, extended a welcome to the great ooi^egation present and expressed' Si * f[ratitude * to* * all tíie CatbeHc societiéa ’ for attending the' a^air. Rev. P. M. Keiinedy on tahüng the ohair, was hsRéd^foy an im>loaive owtbnm of •^applatisR for which he thanked the audience, ixe then introdnoed Father McKenna,-of Marlboro, Mass. The orator Of'the day was received with a hand-clapping, which was a hearty as it was complimentary. The Rev. Father McKenna, with his commanding presence, his clear ex' pressioB, his impressive eloquence and his scholarly utterances held the close attention of the audience for an hour. Such a plea for total absti* nence has not been made in Norwich for a decade, and it was the plea of a man whose sincerety lent power to every word he spoke. He prefaced his remarks with a masterly recognition of the power, inffuence and iuspiration, the participating societies passing in review at the laying of cornerstone, he felt they were testifying by their presence and good work. He spoke ably of the church as an agitator and overcomer of the evils of the world, and declared it was the high moral purposes, and by it they gave new additional proof of the power of tru'h, for the regeneration of these fellowship. “That building, he said, was an an answer to one of the utterances of Pope Leo daring the present year which called for the solution of ti e social problems nov agitating all countries—the social problem of wbijh the nihilist in .Kussia, the socialist in Germany, communist ia France, the home ruler in Ireland aid tie pauper and ciininal-* of England are the result; but iliese problems were not the social ptoblem which was to be solved in America. For these a redistrib .tion **of wealth he did n t believe was a remedy, for while men are born and equal, as they advance social ineqnal-it<es so^n become apparent,, and the differences i i talents soon makes the difference in conditions; an 1 if, as a German nihilist recommended, the wealth of the Vanderbi ts, Goulds and other millionaires could be divided, in three months from the days of division the men tor whom the money had been wrongfully wrested would be as bad off as b ' fore, while the men who had been wronged would be slowly and surely rising lo their former financial con' dition. Such d ctrines found no favor in this country, and this nihilist was sent back to Germany by American workmen to device some other means or so ving this pr blem for Americans. He ihanked God there were not m this country any traditional mon archs—no czars, no kaisers, no kings, no queens. He used to tell a French man wtiea he was a student in France, “All men in Ameiita are kings because ev^ry man is equal belore the law,” There is in this country no royalty save that of genius, no nobility save that of work. He complimented the good sense of the American working man, and said one way to solve the prob em was to find uut how to give m re purchasi g power t» the dollar, by lessening taxes upon the people. It Was not the <]Uesiion of tin number of dollars per capita but of the number of dollars per pock ta. Social inequality he showed to be the cause of the varying successes aiid fortunes of men, and declared tiiere would be social inequality to the end of time. He showed that the revenue each yeir .‘‘rom the agricultural, industrial and other sou ses of this country was thousands of millions of dollars, and onc'eleventh of this entire sum is spent in strong drink by our citi* zeiis. There are 200 OOO saloons in this country, and if they take an average of |i20 a day over the bar, the drain on the pocket is $I,00O.OO0 daily, and in 300 days in a year, sap. posing they do not sell on Sundays, you will find thousands of millions of dollars spent annually to support this great evil. An inquiry in the State of Massachuseits led to the reply from all the penal, correctional and reformatory institntions, that seven-eighths of all the inmates were in them as the result of intemperALce. Vast sums of money are required to support these institU' tion s, and it is these that lessen the purchasing power of the dollar. The consumer, the working man* pays taxes as well as the rich man, but the Wc althy man has tbe tax bill to show for it, while you do not. Upon everything you eat, drink and wear you are taxed. How to lessen taxes and solve this problem con' fronts you as well as toe rich man, and it is in your power to solve it. W. E. Gladstone afier sixty years of experience declared that intemper' ance was a greater cursed to man' kind than are the evils of pestilence and famine Intemperance is the chief cause of the social problem. It is the foe of religion, education, ii^' dustry and government. The Knights of Labor and kind' red organiza ions have recognized this and taken steps to prevent R. After a two years’ atrnggfe in their conventions they voteothat no man connected with a satoon ehotild' he allowed to enter the' ranks of the Knights of La^r. In the state of New York we see the spectacle of a general assembly about to complete a-oompsot made between Tammany jmdatlie Pro* tective Liquor Dealer’s union for the passage of a bill allowing saloons to be open on Siindayte snd till 1 o’clock ' Monday morning. Is not that a danger to the republic. This union has its agents in Washington, at the seat of govarment, and is be' coming a constant menace to popular government. Was I not right when I said the high moral purpose represented in laying of the corner stone of this building ought to gratify us all and inspire us to give the occasion the dignity, sympathy and support^which such a cause deserves. There are trust, monopolies, questions of tariff and partisan issues that are also evils which menace popular government, but intemperance is the cause for tbe existence of the gigau' tic evil. The Catholic Temperance societes of Connecticut deserve unstinted praise. They, with their members, inspired the formation of the Teinperaoce Catholic Union of America with its 60,000 member. Besides the financial effects, he said there were the moral effects, which destroy all that is decent, or noble or manly in the human ooul. He told one or two pathetic and humorous storie', and said the build' ing of which thtí cornerst »ne had b^en laid today, and the society whose work it wus, would prove a blessing to the community, and were doing the ennobling wora which was an answer to the great problem of the age; and in leading their fellows to abstain from drink they would resuscitate and emancipate many habit bound men. PHILADELPHIA As the weather was very disagree able on Sunday the attendance at both Masses and Vespers was very poor. At the 10:30 Mass Father Nulan delivered a masterly sermon on the “Transfiguration.” The St. Peter Claver’s Union held their annual meeting in the base' ment of the church at 8 o’clock in the e\ eni g. Secretary Oscar Moure read a lengthy and interesting report of the work accomplished during the past year; and the Treasurer John Lewis reported as follows: Total receipts, $88.52; Disburse' ments, $65.75; leaving a balance on hand of $22.77. The following new officers was elected: Martin J. Leh' mann, president; Mrs. Charles Minnie, vice president; Arthur A. Ar-nott, secretary; Miss Ella AUgustin, assistant secretary; Mr. Allen Carter, messenger, and P. Jerome Au» gustin, chapla n. Much praise and credit is due the retiring officers for their efficiency and zea’ous labor which they have so devotedly rendered to the cause of accompli-hing the ultimate object of the Union during tbe.r administration, Nuw that the work is practically begun I Dave no doubt that the present offi' cers with the aid of the members will continue the good fight of bringing back the wandering sheep to the fold of our Holy Mother the Church. Mr. Charles P. Colder, after suL feriiig with heart failure, departed this life on the 8th inst., and was buried from St. Peter Claver’s Church on la&t Friday morning. Mr. Colder was a convert to the Okurch and a true Christian, receiving the last rite and consoling Sac raiuents of the True Church. He lOok an active part in the St. Vin* cent do Paul Society ol which he was a member. He was 40 years old at his death, and leaves a mother, brother and sister to mourn his loss. R I. P. Mr. H. Grafton Browne, of Baltimore, was in the city on Thursday. Miss Mary L. Bolton, of Demer-ara, West Indies, was the guest of Mri. Ven e Richard, of Barker, St., she has just completed her education at St. Francis’ Academy, Baltimore, and is en route to her home. We are glad to mention that Miss M. Peters of Walnut st, is conva' lesing. ‘‘Ladies” remember tbe time is only six weeks. The Misses Ida, Doisey and Ce*' lestine Cook are very much admired by the “Escort.” Mr, Oscar Moure 'was one of the delej^tes Jrom St. Peter Claver T. A. B. on Sunday t> the anniversary of the T. A. B. of Philadelphia, ii, Stephen Davis is noted for his promptness in attending socle Ruhtra Ttonra. MAN NEEDS MORE SLEEP. The Machine will Repair Itself If Allowed to- Dr. Chas. H. Hughes of the Marion Sims Medical College of St. Louis makes the following reply to tbe in^' torrog^tories: The conditiohs or cir-cumstaBCies of our 19th century civ-iliüatioB most productive of insanity are overwork and mental worry-nnre^ ofmihd, inadequkte nutrition fttt the wáhts 'of the orgmiism. ited insuffieieiHt machinery ^rk» un^r a high degreé of jires^uie; lií^ích pf/t» to aibtton béydn^fCs élh for }6ag átIiteÑing.' idah m^d-áspirktípu tion with the majoifHJ^ df woncers. AUibHh>h' tranübéndé pOweri of áoeómplishme^. Ácúcfíí, Q&úm¡tía% aottoR'Ik thv Vatchwkrd ddmifod of'thé.íídritútjr'ih in life No oiM bcmMders the néceési^ of rest, or providéii sufiieient! j for H. The customs of the áge ^áre nót restful. T^e dhmaods of the time in which we live are for oontinual outlay of mental work, and too little consideration is given to its accumulation and storage. The prime object is to increase tbe bank account, and ^ the organism is strained to do.    ^ it, oftentimes till the ^constitution fails. In the human organism, unlike any|other machines, the conditions of repair are impowerofself-reconstruc-tion, if allowed sufficient and timely of man’s contrivance while it is kept in motion. It is impossible to reconstruct a worn out man w’ithout rest. The machinery of the tired brain and weary mind is repaired during hours of sleep, after nutrition has been provided. Sleep is the mechanic that rebuilds—that winds up and rewinds tue unwound bell of care’ or that knits up the ravelled slave.” as Shakespeare expresses it. A l^mctor Th»t Hast ~Be Considered tS Jap-dnese AroKitecture. In all countries where earthquakeA are of c*ammon occurrence the art ol constructing- buildihg-s In sn ih a way to resist the effect of the shocks ha* been studied, and, as alwa.^ s happens, experience has proved the bv?st teacher. An extraordinary opportun ty to compare the strength of biiil lingos thu» made with otliers h*ailt after the ordii> ary European fashion was furnished by the terrible earthquake in Japan Iasi October, says the Youth’s Companion. Prof. John Milne,' one of the foremost authorities on the subject of eartb- 'lakes, has studied tlie effects of thi* ¿/eat shock, which destroyed over forty thousand houses, and reports that “in many places so-called ‘foreign’ buildings of brick and stone, undoubtedly put up in the flimsiest manner, lie an heaps of ruin between Japanese building’s yet standing-.’’ Some of the Japanese castles and temples escape'^, though situated within th# district where the shock was most dn-Btructive. Prof. Milne attributes thi« in the case of the castles to their pyrw-midal form and to the moats that surround them, and in the case of the temples to the multiplicity of joints between the roof and the supporting columns, the effect of which was to produce a ^‘basket-like yielding” when the temples were shaken by the earthquake, thus preventing the breaking ol the walls. In some of our western states wherw tornadoes occur a similar problem ia presented, and so far no method of constructing a house that will enable it to resist the tornado’s fury has been invented, . and the only alternative has been to dig underground chambers near the houses, into which families can flao for safety. Probably a Japanese would considor one of our tornadoes as a thing far mom to be dreaded than the earthquaka ol his nati^e^country. PECULIAR TO ONE RIVER. The St. L,'iwr«»nce Ih the Only Sti That Il'iH Xo 1<'1oo«1h. 'The St. Lawrence is a phenomenon among rivers. No other river is fed by such gigantic lakes. No other river ia so independent of the elements. It despises alike rain, snow and sunshine. Ice and wind may be said to be the only thing-4 that affect its mighty flow. Something/ almost as phenomenal as the St. La vrence itself is the fact that there is so little generally known about it, asserts a writer in the American Angler. It might be safely affirmed that not one per cent, of the American public are aware of the fact that, among all the great rivers of the world, the St. Lawrence is the only absolutely floodless one. Such, however, is the case. The difference between high and low water in the Ohio at Cincinnati ia nearly fifty feet. Even the upper Ml^ sissippi, placid and smooth-flowing a stream as it is, sometimes overflows the country for miles on either side of ffis banks. The turbulent Missouri ia also subject to immense rises. Soma eight years ago it very nearly drowned out the flourishing city of Council Bluffs, and, had it risen three feet more, the magnificent iron bridge that spans it and which connects Council Bluffs with Omaha would have only spanned a hole, and tbe vagaboodr river would have carved out a new ehatinel for itself right through the eentar of Council Bluffs. Even the mighty Amazon has its rises and fallat if its southern and northern tributaxiea should happen to be low, or to be hlglx at the same time, it becomes seriously-aifeeted. Every river, in fact, on thiA aontinent, and all over the world, ha* preat rises and falls brought about -by the elements, the St. Lawrence aloaa excepted. A HORRIBLE DISCOVERY. XvldsiicM of Csnniballam Foand Near m Soath Dakota Village. A horrible discovery has been madai In the mountains of South Dakota», aboutiien miles from the border, whiekl indicates that ^ party of people-hatm been driven to the dire extremi^ a# feeding upon each other. In n mnypn, where the camp was shelteradi éñom the storms, says the Olol^X)»^ 'barat, there were fqvmd the' remaika o# b Ipam^y and of a fire, in the aábM fé Wbiéh' were se-reral bones and ptétiiball bwmw body Miich > bad bíeem dlíMcaé imAt»trtfy eirt«)k. vThare had erfded^lr baao Rwlrer-eiar- iutoe party; aad; nfrlftiein had been killed to /uftfiifo othertL^fba them wiara.'.!,^^^ ' ’ f<mn<i. Md from .tliMr ai^ it" that aü:«”tbem ^rere tfir tr t^^bl^lfén, IheV Werkl lÉfr8i$FÍ¿liah^lhe'alrbll qf 'a inánr.^ TaA ía6»hrhih wdeé Mali tqt'ona l^bon^ thWu**#-^< Nidti^tgrkif cocdeadHeÁrkaaigli^;^!) •ttijpr food, a^^afttoatmdfxoumdgaati tí Aim 4aab victim in firer with tiba mbriAióñ of burning H^ up, but thé Rra> WM put out by a snowstorm, and Um dfabovéry tfatik piade possible. It ’te'ba-Bévbd* the 'paHy originally consisted oA imo* fneb, two women- and a boy, -anR Htet'they passed throtlgh this place last fall on their way to the -west. If suoh was the case the men have sacriflced their companions in the attempt at Sail-preservation, and are now alive. It la understood that the authorities oi South Dakota will make a searching ine vestigation, and see if they can find oub the survivors of the terrible cieed. The grip is the only thing that c»a make some tcu^h people feel meaner than they are. Wives forTen Do liars. The Esquimaux wear reindeer skins for clothing. 'Licy buy them from tho Siberian Chuclfchee.s, w ho come over to an international fair that is held every summer on Kotzebue sound, just abova Behring strait on the Alaskan side. For the pelts seal oil and w alrus oil aro exchanged. There is mucli dancing and feasting on thp^c ooc-asions, as well as trading. All the trading is done by barter, no sort of money being in circulation. At this fair also many wlvea are bought. One can purchase a very good article of a wife for ten dollars. Wives among the Esquimaux people aro j usually bought. Sometimes Ibo women oonsuJted. / J t A i,

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