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American Catholic Tribune (Newspaper) - March 5, 1892, Cincinnati, Ohio OAmerican Catholic Bts Emsmnm Car«tmal WMmm, U^Uak99 •! BaltiMn, Hi., Bost Iw. ArohMsMvt «I OtoetBMitl, aK PkllaMpkla. tto Bt Btetops tf CMmtoii. By., (Mmku, 0,. KMuMiii, ¥■„ TImmmb, UÜ., aai WOeleitw, M« VOL VI [.CINCINNATI SATURDAY. MARCH 5 I 2 NO 1 9*~m 1 ?■ r-»»    -    »r« A CASE OF EXPERtEPlCC WITH THE MECRO PROBLEM '' H, KiCtU M A r ' ,    it    the ()pt*ra i*' r. , TI. , UD ier the au»» • Í t Oerii-tit «if the i’ Í-    of    that cilv, :    .■    a ..    *    i    '■    .»Ti    tW*    much' 1 “Tj *' or -hIn that .* V •    ' I t‘ k i. i^u fiiorri g ouodg in ha Í : »h-t' Afrh-an. I declared ’ it t '•    a-^ N ing han ile i unj .«ily *».' • crn»hlr. that iho ireatment grv* L’.ia ua- JO ili accord wi»h the . 1 u.i atjd boaat of our I beral and ^iihgiitened niot-ieenlh century. All proMem-* ,f big deportation, ■ii'*carxvjrsth»ü, lilsfraochiiiemetit and Íiiahílitics Were aolved in bta faror aud acathing^lT rebuking thoae wfen Ufijiod h m hia wanted privilege#, 1 from, with all the ardor of inexperi (M-e. a moat vivid Utopia of mnltU •’ red fraterQity. If I had to deliver that lecture \r-r agüio I wouli i o do it. It I' not, 1 IruiV, that I fare mor* wi’s reír kgraded, bat that that i^ame li'ia^ce that lend* erchantment to V - w of oth r ihings, had had it# 11 ii'i.-ry « ffet i Here algo. I h»-d only Kfiowii the N'gro, agd ubtleM hundiré'!' of -jthe s in the North only grow h m. a- lU* well behaved •ait'^ * r iu hotvN, or portera >n Patlman ir?, barber shop#, ete. B it here I t a»e met him <>n Lia native heath. I rare canied my oh#«*rvati<tDg ‘into Africa.'' aa it were, and am dit^en^ banted. 1 will not gay that I would ver favor iln- cb*n<Jit on* *»f thirty ^ •*#r« ago. vet I cannot hut recognixe the claini.H of the Southern white#, hv there .are elements entering into ■nej.r • pr oblem, such as ih •#< , • 't ex perienei nc tbern, eannot c »m' f.refce-n.j. A su!' e . <•' e - the h' 1 1 of the ante .• i :;in -lk\ejy gtateg will "hiow a "f .artair> lod.iy that ha# in ■■ m-* e danger than has ever ex* I'he Negroes are today, i n t;. r.g. farther tr<>m the nhiti's I . til ^ a\ .TV i.nie". Tneu a c *tta'n ‘ \::i • % eX d.    '1 he " *Ve I \ ed ir i'i'i . w !i a- UM'.a ly kind J :iiíí* r, 1Í i" Ti 11 > olh' r, at least •-    ii;j.arv inoiiv<*-, wa** frien<U .    í;-}ms-.1 lo .in<l '■oiieitoU' of the "v.-,r ire '»i lie- < iher. The black*< ar» ■'i t-. -eper.ile chiirehe'*, Si-h<H»l# •: lers. i.lies, < T. anir.'tti' lis and aii'i .n n t .\ lew •‘ta e-to.líHti».,: : .iTi-p : i.tlr n ''mm* d i Ka • g 11 n f I -.— .1 • \ , i ' . A ’ iD'l I .1 iina', g m tt . t u t ?«t J ! i.e ',    . 'J Me laws • i.<- iiiiennarriagv --f the ‘ til»- \ ai i-tu** <onrn* >11 wealt! .9 ‘T i: o- 1m.. k^ar.' unn.-ee'-ary. a f tr "t onge! I arrier iu i.'.-p-~t'ite*i a d ¡>r< Jiiouiu'ed -»-n :'i tnefi ‘. i' th * e H e v!.i'    r, it;<    .ill    law.    'J he .-e-:    1    a k. ; ‘    .Ü al ’    the rnoMii- . r.'.r gC'    .'i' tJi*-    S. rjiii,    w-.u!    1 not Tiiv at.    a. ;a*i.;.    wiii'    ..t.o.    . \« n ■gl. uv t;i :ng h .n-r <t \^.-a!tl: or ■1.. :i • eig 11* n_- .T .1 - !;. n ■' M • M ! -r> 1.' I W ho...    \    . t ÍM. an I' ' - 'd. • r '.s m1 • tii.iij A -    '    !. ■ w f i t ■ I- '    I i! \v Í1 n ■    .    i Í ■ -t    Mill!' -Il ' \ '. iV \ e I. I; I ■ . ' I I' ^    .1    :    are i u‘ 1 orri Vi : I' ' ;or**. No in*» !) *T ■:.l ’A t . gr ov ' M]* lo ’i ik t e llioMgi; t e e • . - a r 'i I '1 eiroor f* o¡ i riate of afTad-^, li.ey ; ?T ivh rc kon.'d with tire Negrns. \V;t!i the Negro    ,.nis    eon- idsoij ..f afT dr# is variou-ly a«-** i.pted. ^V^ll ilie pa^íning generation it i- t.ikcn un-omplaingly and .^nlente-lly. It is normal. The ianger lies with the ])resent -tock. The'e have acquired that little learn ing whieh is a dangerous thing. Be ) t 'aid to his credit that the slave, a' far a-» schooling went, be has t-^keii every fair advantage of the privileges which the new* found freedom brought him. It is true thit a vast proportion is still sunk in ai appall, ii^depib illiteracy, but it is no Te?*s true that not a few since slavery lays, have, by severest efforts, ac^ juTed Bomething ot riches from the intellectual treasure houses, and have risen to prominence in statecraft and in the various professions. Yet the learning ha# noi brought 'with it religious enlightmenl, moral '•trength, or the sense of resprnsihU-itv- The Negro today in America betray# <»nly to<j clearly his close kinshij» to his savage and present brother'' in African wld'. In spi’e *>f all learning, contact and ass*jcia-ti'Ui with the wh.ites, he is is domi*» by a superstition, a< gro'S, as ]. .we: fu! as ev< r lield sway over ihu weaken inimls of primiliv»* man. '111. in' ■r .’1 rvil'eye,” “tricked,” <le moon,” *‘grave-vard f. M .1.*’.1*»» r»oicnt f.netors il. rothiuily hel evi il y e n g ’O. 'i'he exirav. : rt'ligiou' 1* \ ivals < \:igg.-v.iM'•!.' Many a S. *ulh' j,'' J'. k'.-»p. r kri‘>w> r.n'y to<» \v* !. tii** <ii'< ,mf. .rt'ii of neglected d .ti* ' wi.. n t!i6 m ii'l is ‘''ei'kiu’,” - ri 1 rcjo ce- wlien at last ’ligion .s found. ’    < >flen after years of ;aithfrl and c ‘nleiit*'d service, the • \ 'J J i'-)'» .1.- dark : ibb; t ' -• r g »o*i M. ’* nac ig.ii.: ; n m sire" i# informed that the maid wa' *‘to:’ by a speeiit las’ night «hat ?<!i** nee h d a ohante’’ and forv#ith a change was made, in spite of all proti "t «tions and the allur« m*^nt8 of increa-»e<l comj»ensaiion. The lin* 8 between rncnrn and tuum are not 'har¡»ly drawn in tiie average African mind. Mendacity i# wrong only in being discover, d. Oft iti^ deeil t e \itals f Btdf-interes* will be gnawed away ere confession will be m ade. Ibc habit of long years in being provided for sho#s i«# traces in a# aim *8t utter lack of the senaeof life’s reaponsibilitie#, Tf e fab e of the grns^hopper and the ant is yearly enacted. Today'# ractions aec.ared tomorrow’s may come whence th y will. k'a ital lie# are spider#’ tvebs, brokro and aaanmed at wil'. ‘‘Man” a* d “woman,” (i. e. hneband and wife) are taken up and dropped at fancy*# dictate. Women will go o it to wash, leaving infant# oi few month' of age, sometime# unpro^ vided for, at best in charge of children eight and ten years o. age. Thu# far educat on ha# been pow** cries# to affect the emotional nature. It h I', on the contrary, bro ght a dangerous crisis. Bay# Bishop Atti-CU8 Hay'wood of thi# feature :    “In hi# educat'onal dovelopemeiU the negio is just now at the danger line, —of which he, most of all, i# un* oonacious. So far, hi# education ha# developcil want# fa-ter ibaii hit ability to satisfy them. In the moet of them the result is discontent; with many, unhappiness; in some, a sort of de?'j>eration; in not a few dishonesty. . . . The poorest people are not those a bo l;a e little, but those w’ho want more than they can readily earn. 'I'har many half-taught and I n vi-ely taught negroes go to llu bal i# not surprisii g In these mat-e 8 the negro’s weaKiies* illustrate** hi-bruttierh«»od to ki white neighbor. The prisons shows enough h.vlf educaleil white people to provt* that merely learn ng the rudiments do< s ;i.»i stciire virtue. In all races il is true, that with new* knowb dge ne.* leniptati"iis » ome; strength to resist o»me> alte , it at all. It i- f i*i cri-i- which now does, and "f neia ssily mu'»!, c-unmand the a'teiiin n of the lliinking inindH of Um c'iuiit'-y. Tlie V r ous remedies -uirgt ste*i iiave all of iliem a weak-nes- Mi some J'art, that it iider lium, while w, 1 meant, intprac’ical 1 . 1 >e-p, , tali 'll i> cruel, it is a> e I al-mo't impossible, becaii>c < f the practical V unlimited am mnt « f time :in l mon y needed to carry away five m llion of pe-'ple, even had none .»» thtin iiilere.'t'* here, fcnd all W ere willi g t*^> g< . Disfranchise-m« 111 can.iot be th< ught of. Wni'e I. *uhtlc-s the grai ting of the uTrage w.i- a huiTC bluntler, yet— even the o.. 1- caiMiO* rcv dl their gitt-. d'o take fr m tin* Negr* the franchise i^dvcn him witii his freedom, would be to lake a step h.n kwar<l, on a par w iih the rum >rM<i intenii* n »f the Czar t.. re-torc '•cil-iom. It is true that fiillv 1 in-ty I » i Cent, "f the race h.'iv** iii>t the rt ipiisites, beyond that o! hirlh ai!*l maturity, th it con.'t • Mi'e o.mmI . 1;iz* ns)i!p. li 1*1 no t’Ue inanv -i I.e - »>• n'lu-r races aii*i ela--* - Í. i\ .-    ! - other eoKccjition these >h N t I few pi-.iph , and i .s-|M-r¡al!%    Ü1* N'groe- Itlelll-el Ve-, I av. a ioiidne-v. f r comparing the r. •h itn iion of liie African with tlie e.Noiij-of 1-rael from Kgypt, calli g .\hr.iiiani l.iiu-oln, and somclitm*.-Frederii k Dougla^, iheir .Moses. While this comparison, for many reu.v-ns, i- neither apt nor logical, y» I to make use <*( it in this instance it must be remembered that Moses, wisei in hi^ day,delaye<l the journey forty years, lül all the generation of slaves had died awuv, ami only those born under the newer conditions and the atmosphere of freedom, w’ere permitted to enter the land and assume the reins of self’governnieot. This step here would have been a# advisable. One doe# not blame the Negro for his illiteracy and incapacity. They are the results of condi* tiong by him uncontrollable, Neither do we blame a child for his weak-nea^; yet—ne pnero gladium—do not trust it With a sword. Yet to recall the franchise today would widen still further the gulf which the difference# of race and color have made; to place within the realm# of the country a mass of people utterly alienated, subject to and punished by laws, in whose enactment they had no voice; paying Uxe# to a government in whose workings they could have no vital interest. It would ba a dangerous, as well as an unjust experiment. The present idle content cannot endure, and the grow ing intelligence of the Negro w’ould witness :\n ever increasing dissatisfaction. There i- but one thing to be don?, and that is to do nothing. Waters may not -cvk their level in onlerly piMccS!'! HI, hut they no less fiml ih‘ ir Icvid and a-lju^t themselves. 'I'ne unruhi'ig of time will fiml tiic better elements coming to the fu<‘, and tlie hhadows shifting to the background. W»- watch the clrihl grow older and stronger, trusting that, though liaving the swortl, he will not materially injure himself or his surroundings. There are ho])e-ful e’ement# in the jirogress of the years, and another century may find the formidability of the members and the ignorance of the Negro considerably 1 ssentd. Time is on th * side of the white rac *, not because of the difference of rate* of birth or death, but because of the same forces t al drove away the Indi ins and the buffalo. Isolatrd in African wilds the continuity of the Ne^ro race may rema n unbroken—brought face to face with the forces of civilization, he will speedily succumb to the inexorable destiny of the survival, not alo e of the physically, but a# well of the morally fíttest. COBCRE88MAN BRKCKEN-RIQCE ON THE NEGRO PROBLE1N. Hon. \V. 0. P« Hri'ckenTidg#*,’of Kentucky, lectured on the evenisg of Feb. 17, in the course of ihe Voung Men’s Catholic Association of Boston College, on “Some Southern Problem#.” He gava his attention eaiirtily, how'eve , to t^e Negro problem, a# tjie suffiti *nt cause of all the rest. It was in line with the feeling which made Mr. Breckenbridge the chosen orator of the ynveilingof the monument to the Pilgrim Fathers at Plymouth, in August, 1889, that be should have had a warm welcome for himself, and a considerate hearing for bis side of a perplexing question, in the city of Wendell Phillips and William Ldoyd Garrison. All that he said was interesting; much was reasonable; but much more fallacious and cruel. It is true that the North was a partaker in the national sin of slav* er^’; true that many a New England factory was built wMth the price of slaves; true tha: the conscience of of the South first stirred on the subject, anil that Thomas Jefferson and Henry C'lay spoke for abolition long before Bo ton itself had developed a single anti-slavery apostle. But after the inveFition of the cotton gin “riveted the chains of the slave,” as Mr. Breckenrid^e iclls u.s it did, the joiií-cie ice of the South slumbered «gain, anil she neeilcd the awakened North to help 1 er let go of slavery. In ojonej* and treasure, in the blood of her best and bravest, the North paid for her connivance in the nnreqiiiteil toil <»f the slave, and the slave bloi»d i^r'iw*! by the lath. 'I'he S «ulh paid ill the same expi itory coin, and had funher to k ep the freerl -lavej within her borders So that for her the Negro problem wa* not solved, but only recast. ‘‘How shall it be solve ! asks the South anxiously today, as after more than a quarter of a century of the new vrdvr of things, she finds her eve*y indiist *ial, and commereiaf and |>ol¡lii'al j>robleiu complieated by the dwellint; in the same cOiiimon-H weal hs of the two races, ‘ non* dssimilable,” and the Negio immensely in erior to the whiie ini un fit for freedom, as her spokesimin to a Boston audienc.? asserts. “It is our dilficulty. Li-t us alone to work cut its «(ilniion. JI »nie rule fur every Southern State. Wliy do the white men of the Soutli, many of whom are all the year round in principle gooil Koj)ul>licat h, vote as one man the straiglit Democratic ticket on election ilay ? Beciiise we fear yonr Norih»*rn Force Bill.” \Vc hale the Force Bill as much as Mr. Bri'ckeni idgc hates it. 11 reprc- nls the liighest crime ever attempted against American liberty. Bui Mr. Breckenridge must not f rget tliat while the Force Bill was undoubtedly concocte<l simjdy and solely to perpetuate Republican rule the Bouthern whites tliemselves, by their action to the Negroes at elections, gave to the Lodges, Reeds and other conspirators the excuse by which they misled honest Kepabli cans into supporting the bill. Not until Southern white men divest thtmselves of the notion that the Nearo is intrinsically unfit for citizens rights, will the Ne^o problem begin to approach a fair solution, nor the Ijiorth cease to fear it as a national rather than a sectional danger. The Negroes in the bulk are infers ior to the whites? Yes; as parts of one white nation are inferior tnparts of another white nation—by reason of inferior opportunities. The Nes groes are what benturies of slavery, preluded by savagery, have made them. The usual arguments against the Negro’s fitness for the ballot were Urged on John Boyle O’Reilly, a few weeks before his lamented deathe, by a man from Alabama. “All this may be,” he answered; “but what would you young Demo*, cratic leaders do in the North with b)dies of new voters, no better fitted. You w'ould try to impress on them the wisdom of your platform, win their confidence, to guide their votts. NVhy not do this for the Negro? Don t let him be bludgeoned away from the polls. Don’t try to deprive him from his legal rights. Bhow’ him you value his vote, and make him trust you.” AVe will not dispute Mr. Brecken-ridge’s insistance that the races are “non-assimiable”—not even in the face of the doubt suggested by the everywhere present mulatto, quadi roon and octoroon. It is, however, wildly extravagant to claim tlie w'hole seven millions of Ainerican colored people for Christianity—“the only Christian colored race in t e world.” Over three millions of the American Ne*» groes are still unreached by any form of Christainity. The three great indiswensable factors in the solution . f the Negro problem are the missionary, ’ihe teacher, and tlie free ballot.— Kx, THE SOUDAN REFUGEES. What the VIoar Apostolic says of th^ Rooent Escape. The Bishop and Vicar ApostoÍí¿ of the Soudan has addressed a letter to the Ci^rdinal Arohbfshop of Vien na^ on the recent escape of European prisoner# from the Madhi’s camp. The Bishop says: ‘The day after their escape, N t. 30, their neighbors perceived that their habitation was closed and that silence prevailed within. FaiKng to btain an answer after koocking at the entrance, the neighbors went to inform the Mogaddem, or director— an individual, of Greek origin, intrusted with the surveHlance of the European prisoners and responsible for their safety. The director immediately consulted the piisooers who had remained behind, some of whom were of the opinion that the Khalipha should be immediately in-tormed, while others coun«eriea delay. The director, however, who knew that his life was at stake, im* mediately informed the Khalipha of what bad happened. The latter was furious and called his chief of police, the Sheik El Sug, c*ommanding him to search for the fugitives at once. The Shiek forthwith arrested the Mogaddem, three of the prisoners, and two Greeks, threatening them with the bastinado and death if they did n *t reveal the particilars of the fl ght. “Meanwhile, he ordered a minute domiciliary search to be ma e, after which a few implements which were found were curried off, together with a basket of bread, a lit tie meat, and forty |M>megranales gath *red from a tree which had been planted by Father Orhwalder. I mention these details because they a decisive bearing on the judgment favorable to the Kurop ans. When these pro-» visions woie takeu to the chief o‘ police, he understood tliat the escape had taken place aud tenly, and that the fugiliv s themselves had made no preparations, otherwif e they would liave taken writh them the bread and meat which ihey had got ready for the next day. It would be impossible to conceive the dismay of our people when the moment tney ha<l fled they perceived that, having forgotten their ) rovisions, they w^ere exposed t<> the danger of starvation. Tlie chi f of police after summoned the chief camel guide intrusted with the postal service, and ordered him to send a few camel" in pursuit of the fugitives, b t in spite of all efforts the camels necessary for the purpose, were nut torlhcoming, as tlie animal" available had been sent to the different provinces to convey news of tile disturbances, and later on that of the reyouciliation of tlie two parties of Khaliphas, Abdullah and Ali Biierif. “Thus live days were lost iu procuring only three camels, which gives an idea of the weakness of this Mussulman host, and sho.vs how a'n insignificant enemy would be able to annihilate it. At last the camels set out for Meiammeh, and six days later they came back writh the news that they had not been able to discover any trace of the escaped prisoners. Meanwhile an inffueiitial personage had approached the Khalipha, telling him it would be unjust to thrust innociiit people into prison, as It had been proved that the escape had been effected without their knowledge. Thereupon the Khali-pha declared that he had not given orders to put anyloly in prison, and caused those who bad been arrested to be set at liberty at once.” C4THOLIO SUPERSTITIONS. Bomething Worth Reading. Two notable religio'us movements are going on outside of the Cathoi lie Church in New England: the one, impelling devout and earnest souls into her visible communion; the other, for the satisfaction of souls who lack either the light or the courage to go further, gratifying Catholic practices - upon Protestantism itself People not yet old can remember when Christmas and Easter were unthought of in New England outside the Catholic fold; when a stained-glass window in a Protestant church w’ould have been denounced as a dangerous “Popish” innovation, and the daughters of the Puritans would have looked askance at a Madonna. Now practically all the Protestant churches have splendid Christmas and Easter services; many of the sects liave some sort of Lenten observances; their church architecture conforms more and more to the old Catholic model, and pictures of the Blessed Virgin adorn many I Protestant homes. Among the more thoughtful there is almost resentful reaction against “the purblind foolish poli y of the Puritans” in their op* position to re igious symbolism. This finds an especially candid and energetic expression in R becca Harding Davis’ “ Old Lamps for New,” in last week’s Independent. We quote some striking passages. The writer, having a reasonable mind, instinctively uses the Catholic a-^uments for the veneration of religious symbols and images: yUqti us talk common sen-e about thi;s thing and put aside for a while ihe prejudices * f our grandfathers. “It is folly to say that symlK^Is and^ paintings or sculpture do not powér fully influenoe tho IDftjoriW tf men. Xhe very people, good, weir-meanir.g men dnd women, who would shadn der at thé introduction of a picture or cnieifix in their meeting Iioase, touch their betrothal rings with" tenderness, and * loox with briaamine eyes at the clothes which their dead friend wore. Does not the poor phc-tdgraph on the wall soften tbe:r hearts toward ihe prodigal son who s tow ng his wild oats they know n >t whore? Did they not march to battle with stooter hearts for the sight of the old flag going before? “They all know the valne of symi bols. They use them in their collie clubs, their political organizar t ons, th ir friendships, their tender-est home ties, their treatment of their dead; evervwhere—but in their religion. Why? ‘•The American, passing th«»ougb continental Europe, flnds m almost every town galleries of painting# of scenes in the history of the Savior. At the street corners there is the carven figure of the Infant Jesus, His hands outstretohed to bless the roofs of the houses, even sometimes of the barns of pions p asants, bear His Name; in the fields or in soli-a*y mountain passes stands the rude crucifix to remind the lonely traveler of him. “What is all this ? “ ‘Ro uish’ superstition you have b en taught. Clear your eyes, look for yourself, a- d see that it is a great object lesson, by which the facts on the Chri tiaii faith is b ised rea h the knowledge and hearts of the people tlirough their eyes, “You ‘lear that these peop’c bi» lie re liiat the poor picture or stone figure is the real God and make an idol of it? “Do you believe that is your real son who hangs on the wall in the photograph, or your country i self that flutters in the flag? “Do not fall into the vulgar error of opposing that the man whom you du not know is necessarily less intelligent and more of a savage than yourself ?” And she goes on to plead for similar o}»ject lessons in religious truth in A .erica for the sake of the “millions t>f men, women and children in the llnited States, both ignorant and ed’jCAted, who never go into a church, never hear a seri mon.” Further on Mrs. Davis pleads for anotlier Catholic custom, the ipeniug of the clmrches on week.* cays. The cliiirch “sliould always be open,” she says; “the place wh éfre they c. uid be sure of finding what every human being should find each day, solitude and <i[uiet for a brief space, to recollect him. self, to see where he stands, to face his own soul aud his God.    * The people whom we accuse of idolatry before their pictures and crucifixes are not troubled by these qualms or fears. Spend a morning in a cathedral at Rouen or Antwerp, jand you will see not only young women and crones on their wa}^ to market come and drop on their kness in silent prayer, but merchants going to ’change, fash* ionably dressed young fellows and school boys. They do not heed you or the crowd. They say their prayer and go out as simply and quietly as they would have brought food. One act is apparently as necessary to the day’s routine as the other.” She does not realize that the Catholic is drawn to his open church, not by picture or crucifix, or the mere chance for solitude and quiet, but by the Real Presence of Christ on the altar. Catholics and Protestants, as has well been said, live in two different worlds; and the kindest Protestant eyes still see the church as through a glass, darkly. — The Pilot. GERMANY AND THE JESUITS. The Proposal to Abolish the Restrictions Against the So-uiety of Jesus Hoffma^ Catholic Directory, Almanac ai^ Clergy List, quarterly, for the yea| of our Lord 1892, containing Copaplete Reports of the Dioceses in the United States, Canada and Newfoundland, the'Viciriate Apostolic of Sandwich Islands, and the Hierarchy in Germany. Vol. 7, No. 1, Milwaukee: Hoffman Broth* ers Co., 1892. The title gives a fair idea, yet not a complete one, of the character of this compilation; for, in addition to the clergy list, there are also statistics of the Catholic population, schools, school attendance, etc., of the various dioceses. These statis-» tics are as accurate as the most dili-igent care on the part of the editors could make them. Yet a few days and a battle royal will be fought in the German Reich* stag over the proposal of the Centre pany to remove from the* Statute Book of the Empire one more remnant of the Kulturkampf, the so* ■ ailed Jesuit Law. It was one of the first of the enactments in that war against the Church—certainly one of the most offensive to Catholics—s|>rung upon them at the time as a mine. From a few noi-*y meetings ot quite irresponnblé p&i)p’e at Berlin, petitions, couched in language ihe most coarse, had been sent to the Reichstag, asking for the suppression of all monastic institutions. A committee of the House, appointed to consider and report on them, pro posed, in May, “ that the Imperial Ohanuellor be requested to bring in a Bül to define the position of the Religious Orders and Gungrega ions, and to put a penalty on the activity of the same, especially on that of the Society of Jesm, as dangerous to the State ” No time was lost in complying with this resolution. A Bill was brought in immediately, consisting of 1 wo paragraphs—half a doz» n lines in all. The first paragraph said: “ The Order of the Society of Jesus and kindred Orders [to the present day it has not been defined what is m ant as ‘ kindred Orders ’] ara exclude 1 from the territory of the German Empire, and the r houses are to be closed within six months.” The second :    “ The members, if aliens, are to be expelled; if born Germans, their remaining may be allowei or refused.” No fa'^.is were adduced, no definite charges were made against the reiisrious of any Order, either as a body or indiv d-ually—only insinuations of the vaguest kind that their activity was dangerous to the State, In vain were the eloquent protests of the Catholic dep ties, in vain the petitions from numerous Catholic cities and congregations, against such hasty, viiicalled.for legislation, striking at the root of the first principle of re* ligio 8 equality which the Coustltu-loii guaranteed to all; no Bishop was consulted, no Catholic of authority; nc r w'as the opinion of such listentd to, when tendered. The German Bishops especially complained in a dignified joint manifesto to ther flocks that only the voice of avowed opponents of the Church and of non-Calhol cs had found a hearing and was to I e heard in execution of the law, in a matter which affected th^ inner life of t^e Church, i bin a month from its introduction the Bill was passed and became iaw, expatriating a small band of men, branding them as unfit to be citizens, untried and unheard; singling them out, as the Bishops said, from the millions of Catholics, though amenable to the same dog-mvtic and moral teachings of the Uhurch and civil law of the coun ry as they. The Catholics of Germany have now for iieirly twenty years chafed under this moiitrous injustice; but from the day of its passing they have never c ased to protest and declare they wrill not rest under it, but attack it as soon as and when-ev r there is a hope that this cau be done with success. The late Dr. Windthorst thought lad winter that such a time had come, and brought in a proposal “that the an i-Jesuit law be repealed.” In the above named manifesto the Bishops speak of the prayers, the example the work of the reliifious Orders as necessary for the well being and completeness of Catholic life; and they then utter these prophetic worJs: “Experieflce may show in no distant time that many of the wants of society as at present constituted can only be met effectually by the service and the life of sacritíce of the religious communities.” The truth of these words, nay, their fulfilment, begins to dawn on many men of fair ana open mind outside the Church. Only a few days ago a non-CatholÍ3 writer, Dr. Oberbreyer, of Leipzic, published a brochure, entitled “The fear of Prot* estants of the Jesuits. A Protestant’s words to reasonable men.” He asks: “Why this fear?’* The only reason is that a section of Protestants tremble for their Church as an edifice which is crumbling away on all sides, lest the return of the Jesuits should hasten its downfall.” This little book contains many truths un* palatable to Protestants, The writer winds up his statements and arguments by saying: “1. The teaching of the Jesuits is no other than the teaching of the Catholic Church. The latter being acknowledged by the State, liberty must be granted to her, unmolested and unhindered, for her institutions. Religious equality demands that Catholics alone have to decide what Orders they will have and how many of them. 2, Jesuits of today cannot be held responsible for the misdeeds of individual Jesuits of former centuries. 3. None of the Jesuits during the twenty-five years they have remained in Germany have been guilty of any offence against the laws of the land; on the contrary they have been distinguished by many patriotic virtues, especially during the war of 1870.    4. Lastly, the Order of Jesus is the mighti st bulwar k against the ever increasing tide of socal democracy, which threatens alike tf e throne and the altar. For these reasons German ProtestaniR should not oppose the return of the Je uits (by whom they themselves indir ctly bei efit), and show a foolish, unworthy fear. Let there be peace at last, and let Catholics have back their best priests, who were expelled in the early stig^fl of a Kult irkampf, #h'ich has long and gene' a ly been condemned.” Will the power, the influep«i^^5 such help prevail at the-present juncture? For. alas, on an average PfOtestao^ tne word Jesuit ac s like the red rag on a bn 1. These wli?’ be joined imtbe corniu" struggle by the vast multitude of men inimicaj^ to all imsiiive r ligion. No SOOttél^ did Wifidthorst’s intention become known last winter than meetings were held in many t wns and were largely a* tended by all sorts of per-p*e who had nothing in common SLYi their enmity to the Catholic Church. The country was and continues to be flooded with inimical pamphlets, language the most unreasonable and bigoted has been indulged in, and on all sides the cry has been heard again:    “The    Empire in danger.” The nation before whose mjghty hosts the power of Imperial France crumbled inio dust in a few weeks*^ campaign, in danger from a mere handful of men, children of her own blood, who work in the open day in the cause of science, education and charity! Yet i o such meetings were held when in the year 1890 the temporary laws against the Social Democrats expired, allowing them to return in great numbers to their old haunts, to Berlin and the many towns from which they had been expelled under th3 operations of these laws. They were received with no’Sy demons rations of rejoicings by their political adherent#, and addressed l«rge ma-ses of them, preaching penly their warfare against society and the State. Could inconsistency, could religious prejudice show itself iu stronger colors? At the Catholic Congress at Danzig in September last, the President and leader ot the Centre party, Cownt Ballestrem, declared: “The repeal of the Jesuit Law is one of the legac es of the la:e Dr. Windthorst to the part}'.” And the party has already thrown down the challenge. Said its organ, the Gemianiciy recently: “A momentous hour for Germany is once more approaching; it will be showm whether on the part of Protestants religious equality is admittei^ or whether théy, or at least párt of them, consider themselves a dominant denomination, who mayontorcc; their views on the inner life of the Catholic Church, and may pro¿cribe Catholic institutions. The decision on the proposal of the Centre party 'will show whether we are to be treated as Germans of a second class, or whether we have equal rights, and may claim forthe Church free air and light to live in.”—Xi’ü-erpool Catholic Times. “Are you fond of travel ? ” he asked. “I really don’t know,” she answered, yawning and looking at the clock, “are you? ” “1 am. If I had an opp )rtunity I would travel all the time.” “I don’t see,” she said, stifling another yawn, “what better opportunity you want taaii you have.” A wealthy tradesman went in search of a country residence in the neighborhood of Paris. “Is the air healthy hereabout?” he inquired of an intelligent native. “Nothing better to be found anywhere, monsieur. Here you’ll get to be a centenarian in less than no time.” New Waitress (at Mrs. SllmdiePs boarding house): “Tenderloin steak< lamchopsveaKcutlefcsporkchop 6ggs friederpoachedboilederdropped, boiled chicken, brook trout, game”—- Old Boarder (wildly): “ What? ” New Waitress: “Beg pardor, I, used to bo in an order restaurant. L’mme see, mhat is it here? Oh! Fried liver, stewed liver, or boiled,” Old Boarder (weakiy): “Sayithat-restaurant-bill of-faresover-please*'» and-say-it'%slow. Bury*»me-where-I fall.” *Pedlar: “My dear sir, do you know how much time you lose dipping a pen into ink? Ten dips a minute means 600 dips an hour, or 6,000dips in ten hours,J and each dip consumes”- Businessman: *‘Yes, I know. I have flgured it out.” Pedlar: “And yet I find you still writing in the old way.” Business man: “Yes; I am using the fountain pen you sold me about a month ago—using it in the old way because it won’t write any other way.,’ Pedlar: “Beg pardon; I’m in the wrong ofllce. Good day,” On the downfall of Fonseca in Brazil the Papal Nuncio was recalled, This looked like a rupture between the Vatican and the public. It was a mistake. A new Nuncio has been named. The relations between Brazil and the Pope remain quite friendly.

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