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American Catholic Tribune (Newspaper) - June 18, 1892, Cincinnati, Ohio r ..meneanOsrtiui afilen, Arefcitmi U iittlMr •« m    AreaituioMi    —    flimtfitt,    «n    flalampiu*,    tn    n,    a«»,    iti—n m    Af.,    Otmafea»,    tk*    llafeMBi,    Mm    Mi    WIMi VOL VILCINCINNATI SATURDAY. JUNE 18, 18J*2 NO 15 ‘^.'alholu* Priests a nl i’oii-j^res'i. '{* K* a e ■' |i -r'Mriu V - oí tiiv Ijh?*: til*-' 1 -r    ihc    i uvt-r iLc l»>iy    < .l StruA... <r    liarb .ur :r* ti.c I’uilr    l Stai» » > u^l*    *    iK:r ca. s u¡' int-    i!    ik,-    I'*    wiiviiier a C alL 'i.^-    . hai'U.e    ;    *    \cr    been h"r*er. I'V ti h r    H    u-e    --i    C <in_reH£ witf. t’.^- iv-'ii : Uiat It h-t’' btff-n rv' Itiil ii rr    If 111»    r-c : l '*t a fati. -'.u- j-r * "r in itie «'a|*dcity *•! C .L;rv'«i I. il    |.-r:    r I- i'j*. in I hat _\e.4rti»i. 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' 1! 4 i 'a' L" . ir^ i I. * t-v i , I’iri- . in : H camet IL ' . oiniry ; .411-1 f r al.Uir XX J. ! .'ÍC?' t inaihvni.ini'ill >'. MarU..g-. M t!,. in* i. Heil\) •Vr ; ' . \ in I? iry in I . « » P >H - I 'A t ‘ 1» ir n. J T.*a. Dar-•n_* h ' L.l?!' •'- i . >1. i . I.*' ('1 nn cb:a Dv '.r !*. Lt-. '.4 n.* 1.'- duly t * *-x1;. . 1 ’ ' a I A .1 -n;. ■!.' r xx - h i*lt ^ ?!X >rv. 1 t;. i.!' XV fr. F« *rU. - C W.i- ] 1 ;■ — iV ^ f. r .I-Í ani.a. I : U'.iL I t: :i* <l > 1 (). uTl.? ! '‘.vX' L- . 4 L--1 !mA' nr.-I] a ¡ ' .. * r"* XX ••' •- I.....! Fn n ,;L; - XV L < ■•i i. -’ ¡. ly t h ni.i •: 'ct'. *' 1 .• '1X4 i- tn r- >xx n’ \ r - ; . Wi.n r'nrv'.*rnLi J,. 4i. Lc X4 :4 ' • ■ t L' ■ -Jt-'e'gate I < v>n: ir* '? 1 i.' ']'• :tíi'1 ■y f>:M;. f. Lin. T...'. ; 1    :    i!    *l    ;    XV    Í    ;    t ♦ ’ a■ ■L i:,' • r' -.r . Í i' I gt 1".\\ [ 44 .• . 1 . n ' fv : ’ >4 X4Í.-- iir'i1 .i!'*; 4■! i «-'f •;ha: ..r. . ' ' ' I I nat. :r ha? li*n'D^ 1 " t* I ■' ’;i 1- V ery g !;1<4 tU' jsce: p ' : • \" C-'i.grc" i ii.-yel t^ie idea* «i • ‘7 yari; 0 j'ar re4g ■-.-iQ ha-i a^:i‘ I. r : •, * I i ■ .itic*- . A ‘ V.' ** . ! 1 M, ! : : . 4VOul< 1. XX r htlit'X e.j: -.I.f. ti. n; >unJ. T l’oi»ular Talks on Law. THE SOUTHERN COLONIES I’; i'' ,_    T-,v,_, j.i-niii''f ‘Viiig jU to o-tun, Cio-.'aj'* :tke iiay aii-l Po'.onii- rÍ4cf, vx ej'tini' I’ne tij> en«i of the o'ii*-r one, were giv* n i.y Charle-* 1 to Geo Calvert, L**rd Daltuiiore. J>y this rljari.x;r Culvert t! * j>roj.riet'jr of iL*- roil it; 1    e:i.i>j\4 erc'l t-» make laws far ih*.' IT'>\VI niiK-iil ixt the c<*mj»any t** be calle*!, Marylan»!. Calvert'.' '»* j»Iante*i tnc clony in lo 14, au*i the jbarter txoept during abref interval, '.onl’nTied in force until ITIl. By a provl'lon <jf the CLarler t‘* t’a’verl ♦he con'tnt of the freemen oí l e cólonv wa.' nec€f^ry in the enael-nient of la vs, which secured for them from the iirst a voice in the govcrn-laent and finally a repreaentative a.'-'embly'. The Carolinas had their origin in two charters, f>f dates Ib-J3 and 2»io.á. The territory bving that part of the continent from sea to gea, between ♦be 2\Hh and the 3Cth and one-half degree of latit'ude. By these char'» ♦era tha land wa** g'ven to eight lords l>ropneturs. In time two "roup' of ^ttlemenu* were made, one on the shore of Albemarle S«>und, the other south of Cape Fear River. In 172D the proprietors gurreniered their charters to the Crown, and the set' tlements were divided into royal colonies, prietors above mentioned contained provisions authorizing the niak ngof j*lantaiionH, the enactment of awá *iih the consent of ihe free' nn-n, and the ap,-oi« inient <»l g 'v-eroor**. As I * G.'f>rge, the first settlement wa-4 made at Savannah, in 1733. In the year before Aieorge II. ad created a comj a »y lhai he styb d “'I'rusieeg for cstablifinng ihe coAny of G orgia, in AmericH.” 'I'he following are fi.ate«l td be the objects ot the new c**lony:    To strengthen the proviiick- i C r*dina b, creating a uew »uel»elweeu Hand the Sj^auiards and I.i iiaiif; to provide a refuge lor p >o • debtors n England; *<i open an asslum fi>r the p»erfecuted prote-lnnls [o»uia to    Ejdsi «'paliainsm.—Ei».] io England; and ami t** promote tiie ekrj'Liaiiizati«*n an» «ivilizatmn of Ine In Jiattf. Tb- territory lay between the Savan» ail an I Altamaha n V t rs. 'The trustee inentioncii in the . barter were t*> makt* the lawf and app'*i l the g<*veniors. In I 75 I the iru' ees gave up their charter, and ÍTeorgia became a royal colony. Tile early clonies were ¡fol.ated ,Aiid iiidejKwdent ot on. an her— catlered th-oughout the wiMei ness • >f llie new World there w .s litile c >11)in .nicalion between them at tir.'t. aicl I o c**ncert of action in gover 111..-11I or iu defense again&t the I mb' ans. Ea. h colony had its niitbitioii', Hr- o\\ ¡1 j'>. It' own .'j»irit ami Mielin*d'. .''.•me m id** thei own iu4%s a.' if indej'eudent of the m >tlier e.inriiry, having :uuhoriry n..r cUarler: other? iii.i b- their laws 'Ub'ect l<» the Coli'ellt of the KiOLT or l.l* rej»re'cnt iti\e. Soml* eieeted heir 4.W li o*'4vr!M*r', <*llier' ni/ 1 a go\ I nor aj j- »inl* «1 i*y r val aul iiurity. 1 nree ci.vsst s of C‘>1 nio-s, x.irying aco.'iing I*» tile nietli -d ‘«f li.eir ist.itxd'hmcnt »nd government, ni ly ba distingui'lie f, viz:    1 charter c '* nie.'*. Proprietary colonies; :> Iv'va. ui Proviuciil colouit-'. ’¡•‘I c flT't elá" bcl ng the c«>ioirn s o< Mas'acbii.'cLls, Coiinectivut and Rhode I'land. To the ^e•.ond, ilie c*»l .nic' of 1 Vnn.'} 1 van a, I)elv*are and M.kt viand. T'o the third, the lo’ n;e> of New II mpshire. New y. rk. New .It r'cy, ^'lrg nia, the A arolin I' and Georgia. In the C I'C of ihei^'hartcr co'oni* s the Charters? were written d >ciiment.' iruaratilecing to the j*eople certain right ; their sourt*e was the King. In the • ase of the Proprie'arv coÍ-onie>, tlie proprielorj w ere illiani Peua an«i i»rd Baltimore and their deseendiDts. 'fiiey held their ti-r-ritori ' by patent' or charters emanating from the King: t e j>ropri tors in turn granted to the j>e >jde certain right.' am! }*rivi!egea. In the case ■ d tiie Royal coioiiie^í, the King granted n > jxalent or charier, ncver-tht ie^' from time to lime ccr aiii C 'iiCC"ion' VI ere .inad j by the King, whivh formed a sort of tra*litiona charter. Tne g*ivernor' of the'c CO onies admini'tertd laws in conformity With written ¡M'truction? given from t'rae .0 time by t ic ('ro in. THE CATHOLIC PRESs. T*. • i'i'ii .*|> of .’''trashjrgh h.i' m id ! 'e *>f the following iangu ige witli ! < g ird to the CAtholic pros:    ‘‘Fling the Ail j apers «Hit of the do T. \Vhat '-.f* ileeiu Vou have when y<*u g • a' f ir as to pay for w hat w<*un is yo ii most noble and most sacred senli iiiei.l' I-i it not an unexampled wuint of cha .ict 1? Do you w’i.'li t** rea I, Ui w spaj ei '- Read Catholic ones. If i;i many countrie.s the Cath«*lic pres? is nut up to the level of th -hostile l»rcss, the fault lies with Cath *li-? theni'elves. Tiie Catholic ji'^ess is not sufiicientl}’ suj>porLe<l, and f ,r that ver}' reason it ha? not that j. iwer which sbouhl be cxj>ect' ed from it. Thi'condition of things wili only be improved wheu each C itholic who uses a new-sjiajier will see that his family is supplied with a ( ilholic sheet,”—Union an I Times THE MILE OF ALL COUNTRIES. Did vuu ever stoj> to think that all countries do not use the same standard f.*r a “mile,” and Ajliat a jumble*! mess we would have if they did? Not only the mile of the separate countries diíTer wddly in the number of feet and yards they contain, but those of the same country may vary greatly in different provinces. Thus, the English mile differs from the “statute” mile, and the F'rench have three sorts of “leagues.’* The Flnglish mile is 5,280 feet or eight furlongs. The Ku.ssian “” is about three quarters of an English mile. The Scotch and Irish miles are about 1:1^ English miles. The Dutch, Spanish and Polish miles are English. The German miles is four times the length of the English. The Swedish, Danish and Hunga* rian miles are from 5 to GV English miles. Tne French comm m league is three English miles. And the English marine league is three English miles.— Pftiladelphia l^ress. INTERESTING READING 18 THE FOLLOWING. Pittsbur^, Penn.,.Iune 13.— Father Mollinger’s little kmgooia cii Mu Tioy was a scene of aniniaiion to-day that was most interesting, not only to tbn people of his laith, but as well to t ose of other d nominations. Ml. Troy had a holi ay to day. The jiairon saint, St. An bony, was t. be honor d. Dead, yet living in the heart o t »e great Churoo. The coiiiiueino alioii of the anniversary of his birlU brought thousands to the little cbajiel wtiieli »lie Vt-nerable father na.' grveu a world-w’ide res iiowii. At least 10,000 w ro arou d the chur» h all day. A Rira ger suddenly thrown upon tlie scene witnessed ihi-i iiioriiiii¿¿, would womier what it was about. Carriagi's came driving uj> to the chapel Irom all d’lectioiis. 1-rom them were cari ied into the chapel the sick, the lame, the blind, a ouiid in the vast crowd ilial had gathered walked many who u'ed crutches, many whose la es bore up n them the expression that only can conic from suffering. All day t c )»eople came. 'J'he boardiiig-house-4, which are as jdcntiful almost as the number of v sitors, wenj iTOWdcd. One young man, a W'lalthy resi' dent of Washington Uity. Bolirer Von < )rcnd*>rf, was there to l»e cured of jiaralysis. He was before the shrine of St. Anthony last } ear and had iceeive»!, as he told the writer this ill*•riling, great beriefi . He was lUii yet cure*l, but he exjiecicd l**j[be. On«‘ W‘ man was there who liad «‘a » e all tli • w'uy Iroiu Australia, ."^he wu' certa n slie wouhi return eureil *d her ailiiieiit. Servii-es to-day commenced with tile earl. ina>*s at G o’clock. The chap-1 was cn>w*le<l and the service wa? an inijiresstve one At 7:40 the ina s lV*r the re>^osc of soul of the ji.ilri'ii. Si. Anthony, was hchl. At Ijotli service! Ike chaj>el was cri»w*led, with hundreJs unable lo gel in. For an hour bcfoie mass c mine ce*l the Ar el half way lo the next '<jiiar<‘ was jcu ked, in chapel yani w as a «Towd that suff caled almost. One woman fainted, and ha*l to be carried out to a shady jilace, where she n*c**iveii medicaU attention. Crijiplcs Were thrown ab«>ut, crow* ded, and many who were not '-ripples were in danger of becoming so, so eager was the multitude to enter the 'icreil edifice. Officer» of the church and five p*>liccmen were needed to preserve oolcr and to see that tho's euti le 1, by reason of their infirmities, to outer the church ainl re»‘e ve the blt'ssin^. It was after 11 o’clock wh u Father Molliiiger, having sprinkle*! holy waller oxer the heads of the congregation, came out among the croxx*! to no the same. To day he gave oulv the generel blessing. T“ iiiorn*xv he xx'ill gixe the iiidi' volual hlc.'sin^s an 1 each <lay tliere* aft* r f‘ir tlirc** xx’teks. Back »»f tin* cha|»f*l, in a litt le yani, xvas <»bservc*l a sight that, once seen, can not be forgotten. All have n*a<l •*f the pool of rSiloain; how eagerly the sil k an*l «li ea'C*! awaited the tioub'ing of the xxatcr; but here lo «la , in that littlo yard,'at molher.s XX iih sick infant**, young girls walking on erulehe?, b«>ys cri, j»le*l ami paralyz mI, ohl men suffering from rlicuiiiali'm. Dozens of these peo? pie awaite'i tin* coming of Fatlier .M**lliiigcr. they sal upon the hanl, hot ground, leaned rgaiust the high xvali that inclosed the yard, and all had tlieir eyes turned toward the door, where at any incncnt might come their healer. It was a dreary wait but there w as on eac 1 faee an expression of jiali* nee. There was no ilisorder. 'I'hctv was, of, c«»nslderable <Tuw«’i.’g about the entrance to the old .    ’*'it    it was a *lis *rder that iiatjra    c, not from any desire on the I art of of tlm je*>ple to make the o « a'ioj an uncomfortable one. A numlier of cures have been re-jiorl-d among tlie people of t le hi 1, 4'here xva? one case that attr .cted a g«*od deal of alt iitioii. Miss Mary U'N eill, of Cleveland, wlio is sta}*- ing at 31 re Buck’s hoLse, had an experience that is eertainl}’ remark? aide. *She visited the chapel of St. Anthony, heljied by her friends and walking on crutches. She met Father Mollinger and he w*alke*l w ith her to the door of the church. Then he told her not to mind her crutches. She is said to have gone across the street to h ?r boarding'hoiise without their aid. She is not e ntirely cured, but s ime of her friends said to'day that she had very little use for her crutches now. At Hotel Hock there is a woman from Wheeling with a child afflicted with an abnormally large head. She ia Mrs. Mary Widner. Her little gril is 11 n^anths old, and since it was 7 weeks of age it w*as afflicted w'ith this large head. It w’as taken to Father Mollinger about two w'eeks ago. The swelling since then, the motilar said yesterday, has gone dow'n one quarter of an inch. August Mattes, of Johnstown, is at the same place. He is blind, and when he came here a few days ago was not able to see the light of day, One of his friend said yesterday that he could now* almost distinguish small objects. Matthew Boston, of Ter»*e Haute. I Ind., was at the same place last week. but has returned home. He was . deaf, hut w hen he went away wa-* ' able t hea< an .ji*d nary conversation. A NEGRO PRIEST IN BOSTON. The Rev. Augustin Tolton Lectues in Boston *1 heatre. A large audience, including many prominent colored citizens, FiOtes-lant as well as Catholic, assembled in Bi»sLoa Theatre last Sunday night lor thelec ure, “The Cathol cChurch the True Liberator of the Race,” delivered by the Kev.Augustin Tolton. Father Tolton enjoys the dis* tniction of being the firot Amer.can Negro raised to the pnes bood lor America, and exercising his function here. He was for s-Jiiie time connected St. Josoph’s Chu rch Quincy, III., and is now at St. Monica’s, Cli cago. He c .me lo Boston under tne patronage of the St. Peter Claver Conference of the Sjciety of St. Viii ajt de P..11I, and during bis stay was the guest of the Rev. Thomas Soully, 1^. R., at the rectory 9^ M of the Aiinnnciaiion, Cainhridgeborl. Mr. J’homaá F. Ring presided ai the 1 cture, in introducing Father Tolton, he grieved that John Boyle O Relly, the luisurpussed frinds of the Colored race, hud not been spared to jierforrii thi.? office. He spoke of the fitncHs of the jiatronage under which Father Tolton had come to Boston, as St, Vincent de Paul had liirii.self s^ent tw*o years in slavery, and St. Peter Claver had been lor forty years a missionary among the Negroes—a slave of slaves. Fatiier Tolton as he cuine forw’ard received an ovation. He is a well* proportioned, iine?lookiug man, an \ xvas born a slax*e. lie demon irate«I from the Ínteres ting story *»f his ow’ii life, which he told witli much feeling, the right of the A’hurch to be ailed the Liberator of lii.s race, lie spoke earnestly of the services of Jolin Boyle O’Reilly lo the Colored people; and said, tha'^ as the lamented d ad ow*ed his es* cape from the convict settlement to an lri.-»h prie:?t,?obe owed Ijs ^u^ves^ in life to an Irish priest, the Rev. Peter McALrr. He dwelt on his so-j<»uru at the Propagandá, and on Cardinal f^imeoni’s desire, expressed at h 8 onlination, that the American Negro student should havesuccvjssors. ‘ I nave sent back two lo Rome,” said Father Tolton. Ho i^djured his A’olored hearers to industry and self? rcsj»ect, as a sure means t> he p to overcome prejudice. ^ Alter Father Tolton’s lecture, Father Sc»dly made a brief a<ldress. The lecture had been preceded by a luusical ]>rogratuine, in w'hich these artists took j>arl; Miss Genevi J, Moffetle, contralto; Mr. Edwarileve .Macliugn, baritone; Miss Eva 3Iarie (7ayiior, jdanisl; Miss Clement ne Domiiii<|ue, reader; and a chorus of rilty voices, the choir of St. VJiicent’s South Boston, under the direction of 3Ir. Ciia les Lew'is. Mary jiriests attended tlu* lecture. 1'ather Toll ni w*as the celebrant *>f the Solemn Hign Mass at St. Many’s of the Aniiuuciatiou, Sunday morning; w'ith the Kev. vVm. Dwyer, deacon; the Rev, E. Butler, subiea? con, and Father Reilly, master of ceivmonh‘8. Father Scully preached, and in the course of his sermon oflered a xxarm welcom lo Father Tolton. MEANNESS. Undkk the above caption, 3Irs. Josephine St. Pure Raffia writes thus caustic illy in the Boston Cour^ <mt: “The Colored mau who avoids another Colored man because the latter is poor, ignorant and colored, exhibits a meauness too great for characterization. And yet there are Colored peojde, fairly, independ* ent and in fair circumstances ^ho av'oid other Colored people ofF^ more intelligent, in just as good^cir- carastance.s, and who are often more desirable in any circle than they thera-8 Ives are. They mike the absurd mistake:oF believing that it iiiikes them less’ desirable among white people if they are seen associating with or recog? nizing another Colored person.Those who exhibit this meanness, not only demonstrate a CDntemptible narrow? ness and cockneyism, but argue them:elves woefully ignorant of what makes a gentleman. They are so fearful of being thought Colored, tliit they fail to observe how cheer? fully the real lady or gentleman w’elcomos the timid or less fortunate,, whether w'hite or Colored. They fail, loo, to discover the rapidity of their descent in the estimation of w*orthy people because of their own meanness. The exhibition of prejudice because of color, argues a man a cow? ard, thick skinner and wantin" in manhood.    ° And no Colored person need feel offense as the action of such a man if he but stops to think that such is not the conduct of the gentleman. HOUSEHOLD BREVITIES. —In warm weather lay the eg-gw in cold water, as they will froth better when broken. —Lemons may be kept fresh for a long time in a jar' of waiter, changing the water every morning. —\4enna Chocolate.—Put one quart of milk in a Crown chocolate-pot. stir in an ounce of chocolate mixed t x paste in cold milk, flavor w-ith extract of vanilla. Let boil three minute?.—Christian Inquirer. —Broiled Shad.—Clean and split down the back, sprinkle over with salt, broil over a clear Are aud cook the flesh side till brown and the other until the skin is crisp. Spread writh soft butter, ^It and txvo tablespoons of Worcester.shire sauce.—N. Y. World. —In sweeping carpets, use w-et newspapers w'rung nearly dry and torn into pieces. The paj>er collects the dust, but does not soil the carpet. A cai'pet, particularly a dark carpet, often looks dusty when it does not need .sweeping: wring out a sponge quite dry in W’ater (a fexv drops of ammonia helps brighten the color), and wipe t>ff the from the carpet. This saves much labor in sweeping. —Haricot Mutton.—I*\mr pounds of the best end of a neck of mutton: cut into rather thin chops, or chops fi-om the loin may b.? used. Fry pale-bvown, but not enoiigii to lie xvell cooked. Take three small carrots, a small turnip and tlirsis    ,    m álveos and fry in the same fat in \vhi**ll the mUttOii *va? hroxvned. Then put the mutton in a stew pan with the vegetables, and poxir over sufticient iKuling w’att-r to cover. Add pepper, salt and mushroom ketchup. (liv-c it one boil, then simmer for tw'o hours.—Detroit Free Press. —Cheese Straws.—One of the latest conceits for the <linner table is the serving of some cheese dish. Tiiisis usually in the form of ramequins or straws, both of which are delicious relishes. Cheese straws are easily made and alxvays suecessful. Mix one cupful of grated cheese with a cupful of flour, a halt-U*Hspoonful of salt; a pinch of cayenue piqiper aiuT a piece of butter the size of an «‘gg. .\dd en«JU"h cold xx’ater to enable xaxu to roll the paste thin; then cut it in strips sex'cn inches long andon«*-half inch \vi<le. Put them in tins and bake in a quick oven from flve to ten minutes. 4'hcy are often s*‘rve«l tied with ribbons.—1*'«kmI. —I'o C*x>k a Vonqg Chicken.— Scalding water is t*M> hot for ybiTti^ cliickens. Put in a pint of cold xx'ater to half a gallon of hot When scalded, pick the cbicken clean, taking oft’ all the pin feathers. Put it in a pan of cold water a:id xvasl» off what featlic-rs remain; then hold it over fhe flames and scorch off the hairs. AVlu;n ready to fry, put in the pan tw-o sp K>nfuls of lard and one spoonful of butter. When hot, hax'e the cbicken cut up and xvell drained: salt and pepper, and roll the pieces in flour, ancl brown tb«-m well on both sides, being careful not to burn them. Cox*er tightly an«l place on the back of the st«jve, with a very little water, to steam a few minutes. Have ready one pint of cream or milk, in which one spoonful of flour has b.?en sm(H)thly mixed. 4'ake out the chicken, and put the pan over the fire. Stir in the milk and flour, and this makes good grax’y.—Boston Budget. SIMPLICITY IN FURNISHING. Sensible .Siijfife^tlonw tni h Subject l.ittle l'if(lei*'tou<l. If people couhl only be guided into simple habits aud ideas as regards so-calletl comforts an.I ornaments, we should not only be in ore lilcely to de-Vi'lop nobler art, but also to secure less toil and trouble in tlie care and keeping of the useless gimerackery with which the hom4*s of all, from noble dukes to well-to-do trades-pcople, at present abound. As a rule, it may be safelj' admitted that rooms are too rnudi furnished, and that the doors, windows, ft replace, floor, walls and ceiling liave t«x) little competent care bestowed upon them. Were the constructive features of a room properly looked after, much furniture and upholstery would be as needless as it is troublesome to keep in order and move about. And this brings up another important point in house furnishing too often forgotten—the question of dust. Dwellers in town are particularly subject ti> this all-prevailing evil, an evil arising not altogether from without. Houses are more or less vibratory, especially where there is heavy street or train traffic in the vicinity, and we have not yet cleared out our stock of smoky flues. So that in addition to paying particular attention to the fitting of doors and windows, we would urge the selection of only such furniture as may be easily moved about, or so raised above the ground as to leave at least nine inches clear space underneath. Avoid useless side tables and cabinets, which are so often dragged in for no other purpose in the world but to carry “art emporium” rubbish. Remember that all furniture beyond what is really necessary for comfort and convenience only provides so many more traps wherewith to catch the dust. Avoid all woollen and fiuffy stuff in such upholstery as it may be deemed necessary to have. To those whose means admit it, we would suggest the use of thin parquet over old floors; upon such a floor only one or txvo rugs, in lieu of the usual carpet, would be needed, which should be of a close, hard texture. Then we would substitute the grand and semi-grand piano for the dust-attracting cottage instrument where possible, and abolish forever the hideous practice of covering our furniture with all kinds of drapery and frippery,—Scientiflc American. Insldioasness of Disease. There are forms of disease which are so insidious in their approach that they are xvith difficulty detected before they have become firmly established. In the hurry and drive of life we are apt not to stop to “take an account of stock” of our bodies, or note warning symptoms unless they are quite marked. Too many people do not understand hygienic and preventive measures, and when they finally seek i^vioe and treat ment, the damage has alrealy been irreparably done. Many a patient, who consults his physician for the first time in his life, is found already “past mending.” All of us know that eventually the time will come when we shall be physically bej*^ond repair. When it comes the hour will at last have struck when a sound body will seem to us immeasurably to outweigh a ponderous pocket or a life of indulgence. As we see money, pleasure, family, friends, all wc cherish, slipping from us, we shall feel with vain remorse that all might have beenj^ifferent if we had but halted in time, instead cff blindly driving on, until wrecked and past mending.— Journal of Health. o 1. ri tli rs each Í a.'..ies and I t > • ;uat to t ’ til.- iiurth L.-    .    • BUgg... pole ex >.    a , Snow—;    .    . De Fries -    • . r > . i I : r r * i_'t ex? pedition on    ¡    •    ?    to have everythiix    •    >    .le by the time the exp .• .•. .1. .- I’aek SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY. —Within a few years past over 100,-000,000 of those little wire cork screws, used in ink and medicine bottles, have been sold. Machines turn them out at the i-ate of 30,000 per day.—Pharm. Era. —Exports of breadstuffs continue enormous and show wonderful increase in value. One State street circular point.s out that for the eight months, July, 1891 to March 1, 1892, their value was $210,000,000, against $73.000,000 for the same period in 1890-91.—Boston Advertiser. —Earwigs differ from all other insects in both their origin and structure; they are hatched from eggs, like chickens. Naturalists often report seeipg the maternal ^rxyi^ with her newly hatched brogd crowded under her like chieken§ u^gj*^ he^ , . —^    ' ''■^riie ] Perpendicularity of a liiohU-ment is, although few may be awai'c of it, visibly affected by the rays of the sun. On every sunny day a tall raonu- said to become after this process almost as har*l as the diamond, —3'he prospects of the Chinese tea trade continue to groxx' more gioomy, says London Figaro. At a gen Tal meeting of tearoep recently held in one *)f the Eoocliow districts it was stated that xhir^ng tlie last five ye:ir5, the hundred and eigfttx*    ^ngaged in thj; biisinesUTost over ^OJO.OOMore t than half of ^ese decided not to go on risking tTu*ir capital, and are therefore re tiring. It is believed that the foreign merchants will benefit by the ri‘dueed competition. —.Vccording to Prof. Mer, in Comp tes Rendus, starch is very abvindant through the bark and wp¿ly structure of tre^ about the mÜ of the leaf. It is gradually reduced in quantity till the Duds begin to swell in spring, when it is rapidtj' formed again. By the end of April in France there was as much as in the previous September. These results, from apparently very carefully conducted experiments, completely rex'crse what has hithertoo been regarded as the “solid truths of science.” —.\n extraordinary archaeological find is reported from Helsingfors, in Finland. It consists of a huge chest with complicated fastenings of iron, which, together with the other details of its structui*e, point to a date early in the middle ages. On being opened it xx'as found to contain a quantity of ancient ironwork and a large roll of parchments. The manuscripts begin with the following words: “.Sager prebs. abb. S. Dion dixit * * *” Then comes a complete and detailed treatise in Latin on steam con.sklerecl as a force and on its applications—in short, a very accurate discourse on modern physics. —Oregon fruit growers say that Oregon is to be the greatest fruit growing state in the Union. One fruit expert says that Italian prunes grown in the Willamette valley are superior to those grown in Italj'. The climate» he says, is like the great fruit region of Asia Minor. One grower has planted about 15,000 prune trees in 150 acres in the AVillamette, and it is said that prunes and other fruits are being planted in thousands of other farms. That paj't of the state promises to be a vast fruit orchard iu the near future.—N. Y. Tribune. —There is probably no such w'ater system in England, or even in Europe, as that which the city of Birmingham, England, has in contemplation, the plan involving an outlay of some $25,000,000, and in the neighborhood of eighty miles of conduits, tunnels, and pipes to bring the water to the city. The present consumption of the city, which is some days as high as 22,000,000 gallons, is rapidly exhausting the capacity of the watershed from which it is drawn, and the municipal authorities have selected as the site of the new reservoirs a valley in Wales in which two rivers join; a valley which is about 800 feet above the city, surrounded by ^region practically uninhabitable, thus making the future pollution of the water improbable, and the supply is regarded as perfectly inexhaustible. £ng:as:ement Ki:ig:s. An engagement ring is no longer the special prerogative of the sex feminine, but the accepted suitor must also wear the token that silently yet effectively proclaims the fact that he has become, as it were, private property. Of course, when the lover presents to his fiance the gem-set circlet which marks her for his own, opportunity is afforded for artfully learning the preferences of the young man in this particular line of jewelry, and as soon thereafter as may be ho is the surprised (?) recipient of a love of a ring, perfectly suiting his ideas of what a gentleman’s ring ought to be, which is convincing evidence of their oneness of taste-~in matters artistic at least. The iaroiite engagement ring at present for a lady has overlapping ends, each set with a gem, a diamond with either a ruby, sapphire, moonstone, or pearl; and for a gentleman, a band of gold with two or three gems, a diamond with a ruby or sapphire, or all three, set very deep. Another popular style of ring for a gentlemen is a chain The study o. i Teacher—What is the ».• *: a st a*ly of ancient history? Smartest boy—To learn wh.. ^ th - aot-cients -did. “And of modern history?” “To see if modern history repeats ite self.”—Buffalo Express. i ;i the Urbs in Iture. ‘•How does Maude liV; • country?” “First rate. She's trim ■ ; r :_ rapo-▼ines this xveek.” “Really? What with — 1 .< *    — Jury. Breakl tg It Gently. AVife—He is very sick, isn't he. I) ictorT Doctor—Yes. indeed. AA^fe—AA^ell, Doctor, if there is anything very serious the matter wit'o in, tell me all about it in such a way l i it I can’t understand it.—Texas Sifting-j. ment has a regular swing leaning away from the siin. This phenomenon is due to the greater expansion of the side on which the rays of the sun fall. —It is said that engravers in Germany harden their tools in sealing wax. The t«x)l Is heated to whiteness and plunged into the wax, xx%ithdi*awn after an. instant and plunged in again, the l>eii^ repeated until^ the steel K top cold to enter the wax. The steel is PERi/ERTED HbS rr.c.ANING, ----- How the Artless Maiden llisposed of á' Itepriuiand. He was a prosperous and wealthy merchant: she was a little bit of a clerk who lived and thrived, and took care of a little sister on a few dollars a week, t and was as l>right and cheery as if gh®' had never a care in the world, making her own snnshine out of the other sidfí^ of the cloud. She was saucy, too. body could crush her with any grand airs, and she had a pathetic little way of putting aside snubs and in.sults, as il> she did not see them. So all her crosses turned into crowns. One morning she was late. It was"^ little .lister's fault entirely. She had what she called a toothache-y night and - 1 slept so peacefully that morning on heV|^ big sister’s arm, that it made her late. And the merchant himself saw her come^' ÍT| one hour be^tn(\ time. She was smU-> ing and hurr^ng in, and he stopped her. PullingFput a gold watch he V 1 % gold watch he V opened it, held it up before her face ■ without a word, and waited to see the effect. “Isn’t it lovely?” she said. “I never saw it before. Thank you,” and with a smile still on her face, she tripped away.    '    - You may call it 'what you will, artless ingenuousness or artful calculation, but a more surprised man than the time-keeping merchant was when she disposed of his reprimand it would be hard to find.—Detroit Free Press, - t MAP MAKING. Hu.sineHS For Great That Calls Skill. It takes a little effort to learn to read the best maps. Their accuracy, fullness of information and artistic merit cannot adequately be appreciated by a novice any more than the beauties of a fine-painting fully appeal to him who has not cultivated a love for the beautiful in art. The hieroglyphics of tho stenographer are living speech to him who understands them. The student will have mastered the art of map reading when he sees before liim, not the manifold symbols of the cartographer, but the things they represent. Tho novice studying bachures indicating mountains, on a map. may derive no other idea than that mountains are there. The map reader on the other hand can tell by the number and arrangement of the liachures v/hat sides of the mountains are st'eep and precipitous and what slopes are long and gentle. He will recognize at a glance the long, gentle rise of ground between Omaha and Denver. The stretch between Cairo and the Nile cataracts will not simply represent to him so many inches on his map. lie is familiar with the various scales and instinctively turns the map distance into miles. If he proposes to make a long pedestrian journey in a well-mapp. I *antrv his map will give him a vivid i ;. ) <    ^ n of the work be fore him, for ,ie h IS learned the art of recognizing the in laift^ld aspects of a region from the sxniibols and coloring used by the cartographer to convey this varied information.—Cyrus C. Adams, in Chautauquan. FOR SUMMER EVENING WEAR. Gowns of Light Material Printed In Large Floral Designs. Evening gowns for summer wear will be made of diaphanous materials, which come under a great variety of names, but may be classified as gauzes, chiffons and grenadines. They are printed in the largo floral designs of the Pompadour period, vivid yet harmonious in color, dainty and suinmerlike in effect, and are made up over bright silk linings with great skill in the avoidance of seams and great mystery as regards fastenings. A pretty gown of this kind, in white gauze with a decoration of rose sprays, is made up over a plain rose silk lining with a full and generous train, and no trimming except in the petticoat, which is finished outside and in with ribbon plaitings. The corselet waist is wrapped and folded about the figure with no seams and hooks under one arm. Above this a full chemisette of rose-colored chiffon is gathered about the neck, and Duchess de Berri sleeves, very full and broad, broader than ever for evening wear, are set in, as will be seen from tho cut, low on the shoulder* and full in at the elbow with a broad ruffle of antique lace.—N. Y. Sun. Seeking a Remedy, Mrs. Pinkerly—I hear, Maj. King? bean, t]iat you are a great sufferer from indigestion. Maj. Kingbean—I am, madam. Mrs. Pinkerly—Are you doing anj thing for it? Maj. Kingbean—^I am, madam. I am ‘ suing for a divorce.—Puck. iMb

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