American Catholic Tribune (Newspaper) - June 11, 1892, Cincinnati, Ohio
meneanOarttial QMMts, ArafefelilMf •! BalltMn, Hi., Dm ■•€! B«v. ánkmaM^m *i OtMlBHtl, «M PkUaistiMa, tfet Bt. B«v. maiuHpfl of OitlHoi, By.. Ooluifeos, 0.« BaelmeU, fa., ffaaaaaaa, lad., and WllBlaitOB, Oai,
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VOL VII.CINCINNATI SATURDAY. JUNE 11, 181>2
QUEER JEWISH CUSTOMS.
^1f>w lb* F^tt^Al «*f th* t«
TTif ;rr<‘at i_*.h í'ttí.1 a>í the
•TVTi-r !'• th»- mA->l impA^rtant and the in thi'Jf^ts.h ca!t*iiiiar. I'n n*> .T«-w p.«»r that he vriU t>**
'lUiUl-.' I.. -•» at tahie of ph-nty,
his tHirst N'Aith ine. and make of trie A'ritire a i •'rern*»ny rivmling’ in
iinp.-i the f. a-.* h . .f riJ .ers, m«jd-
em . <r an. ..-ri*
To an <.ut''Wier tVo- ctistom* obserr-csl during t j.v tw.. w.-ek-, .>f feastinir are oí the mi.^t I uri tñ-» kind. Two distinct femtur>-. ar*- the rr;^ «trikinfT- One is t'’xe •I'.e -Í tinbrt*ad. the other a vhiii^e in the uteiisihs
'.sa*.’ f ._r »he prepara! i-»n, h.’»ldinp and ^rv:n^ ..f This, it must t»e re-
iuein>s issh is th<- .'u*»tom of only t'-e ' «iox. an<i by far the lanrer pr. ipPi .r!.n of Jew*, in this country is 'Tth-.l.AX I'he unlcsveneni bread, ea. ed ‘ niat/ .s," has Ivis-n manufae-f r w.-. h*. l»y the .lewish bakers rtf liirvr* e'.ties in th»* manufacture And ir. the xvu-kinir it has lK*en kept fr-*m t^.e ttiueh Atf any objtx-l that may l.av,. A . .me in enntai’t w ith leaven«- i Siu h «stnta.-t would make th»* -* ■ untit f«»r the festival, ais rule ,»f ■ ii»> e»<itacl" that is I ri'eti in t'verytiiiri}?. It is - 'V ' . h i.*a»}'» !■> th,.- s,-.-. .nd na-7. ■ ..’iir»' 'd p.’.* an i pans and
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l.vt ry ' -rth *-t *»■ an *-x.-«-l-and thiskintl S. .i:a t in*.-s im-. ' This rnex in-*.ah-|iA. and thiegTCat-<1 in i»-* transniis-
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A-r ;f kept bv a Jew st»f-¡*er
. .-I-» not stdl it durinjr a li .i *ay i ii >rth xiox .lews of this f ’ a e t iht privilejre of rem->vtnir one of
se ta's*ricti»>ns for two dav* dunnir t mi idb of the fesovah AjL tlial time * !a\ in addit «r"al sur i i '*. but
t -s- mus* \n* procure, i :‘r. ■ui a Jew.
Another feature of th«- f» »*tival is the reunion of the family. i>«rated m* m-Wrs must be reunited if p»»s.sible and feast lojreth**r. The heatl of the fam*Iy .s>nduct-s a chant, an«l ««tch m.*ni oon-sumes a irrcat deal of time. .\1! cn»*m-bers of the family sit on divans, and if too poor to have divans cushi»>ns of aoine kind, to trive the elTect of ease and luxury, ar** provid«*d.
Besides the cerera*mics at home, the orthixi.>x Jew has many at the syua-45-0^0e:». — C h i< airo Tribune.
WHERE PARROTS COME FROM.
Wfamt Thrr ro*t, ^ lierr Thrr Are C auaht, liow Thry Vr« Trmtned.
On a Sixth-avcnue. eU-vat»'d train the other eveninjr was a short, linn mnn. tanntsi eviilently by exposure in the tropk'S.- He carried, covered over with n plaid frinifham apron, a curious old-fas.hione«i caxre in w hich there was a Qne youn" irrrxti parrot- •‘d'his parrot,” he sai»l. “is a yrmng- btru. ant: as you see weil-tr:iin<HÍ. There are two ways of p-eltin;r those birds, by trap pinjr and by e:ti« hin? the youn«r birtls In the nest- -A lrapp»-xl binJ is wild and it takes two yt ars t<> train it, for it bit» s and fights like a ‘s og^er.’ This young one was trainetl in twelve montlis-Every six weeks I to Venezuela on a sailing vesstd and trh' to bring l>a< k fifty parrots with me Th«- Indians catch th»*m up the <>rin*>-o r.v»-r.
and whenever a v»-s-«-I coin»-s into port there is a lively i^ ramb'.e on the part of the natives w 1,,» have parrots or anything ei>e todispose of. d’hc training of parr-ds is a regular busine^ for many of the natives in the seaport towns of Venezuela, and whenever I have touched at the p<irts of Brazil or Colombia I found it much the same, ex-•ccpt that Brazilian parrots are harder • I g*-t a!*>ng the coast Indians do T.« aril- a’l the trapping, far up in the Ii.T- r‘- *r.
"Th:-* pn’T'C 5s f.ir a friend of mine in
1 . ity -i/’rh *' . T. to whom 1 have
nr the past two years,
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I» LA O *4O
ipipfiani Apostolic College.
Tho Work for the Negro Missions in i89l-l802.
• ■ parr. Is. whiler.n a trapped bird li.cr*- i> only aljout fifty cents to be 11-.: b- I 1 ly them T-r $2 or f?.50 and sc 1. ik m f »r fifty cents advance. They g' I n . ful s- nsick on even an ordi-tiary vt.ya.-_**' an*! rt-quireas much attcn-Ik^n as a s. .: b.:by, arxi many of them - I so b;n* - . • • V. ]i> a tl.cv are shut up ...níln tk - i i tk:;t 1!.'j die of a -- .k\-n h- art :t -*A'-:ns me.
• i ki. b*x.v • r. y to- y die,” reilc-etlvcly *;gbcd the mm. “(Jn one trip I was bringing up i»e-.. r.tj fiae parrots, and v. hen w* wcra only thr.-e days out they began to take si 'k and die. The ship s doctor said it was a kind of infectious pneumonia. At any rate they all died brut two. That was a bad voyage for rae.*’—N. Y. TriVuna.
This, the third year < f our college» la-, thank God, been in noway be-dnd the past two in earnest endeavor and pood results We opened on Sep*tenil»er 1 l"dl. The nxteen newcomers, who swelled our number to sixiv-ldur,wero receive*! with open arin.s. ihe -*unshine of good fellowship jukklv disi*eHing the light but threatening 1‘louds of home sickness. Alter a day’s retreat work began in ♦ arnesl; Engh^h, Latin, Greek, French and raa’hematiis became oiice more our guiding stars, though some of the beginntrs we e iiiclin d to look upon them as “will-o'-tbe wisps.” The few weeds that managed to elude the summer gardeners were roolxd out, and Epiphany once more resumed it' lir ght and cheery appearance. In fact,it seemed brighter and in -re cheery than ever, for this \ear brouglil a notable addition to our College in «he shape of a handsome gynifi-suim, one of the many irifls ot a kind frien«l. 'The pyninas-jum building waa f»jrmerly the hotel laundry, now convertid in o a spacious hall, in which are chest weights, dunib.l»ells. Indian cUi'.s, parallel bars, rowing machines, tiying-rings aod kindred amuseni'^nts-* 'The devd upmenl »*f no pari of one’s ana*omy seems t«j have been forgotten. M arvel iou si v-constructed arrangement s appt ar ou all sides, calcul.ated to jmzzk* the uniiiilialcd .and-lenipl the unwary. At one end of the g^muasiiim is a hand-ome stage, where the dramatic laleut of tlie .'tahl’sbmenl disports itrelf. Our supply , f scenery is as yet lmii?ed, hut n » doulu that slight defect w i 1 he siipplie*! in lime. 'I'aken all in all, uur gyinn*asiuni is at le.a^t equal !o that of any Catholic college in the c‘»untry.
In October ihf annual Uetreat of four day- heg.an It w.as conducted by the Right Rev. Ri'hop Curtis, of NVihningliui, Del. 'I'lie nappy f.aces inl j »you> c«»ngraiu'alions at its rb»se told that the Bishop’s words ba I ht en blcssi ii. He dw elt 1 ng anti earnestly i»n the beauty of Ne* gro a}H)siolale. and the care which we should take to fost.r it. God grant the seed fell u|K)n g o«l ground.
Tee pleasant routine of our lives w'as broken by the departuro of our beloved R* cttir ior a fcummer clime, lie lingered with U' as long as his i-vlremeiy «lelicate ht allh ellowed. I! -* di-p.arture cast a gloom over us; but tinu*, whifh lic.ais .all wounds, r* Von.ilctl I s to the new oidir of things. Father Gcnniuse liMjk the hi Im ami piloit tl our little hark in safely through the storms of the year.
The next event <»f importance was the ordination of Father Uncles, which event took place at the Balli' more Calliedral on l)cc. li_'nd. AVe ah attended, and were enthusiastic wiinc-s* ■*, Father I'nel* > lird been leaching a* the college for some lime previou', and bail emleared himself to all. At his fir'l appearance, after ordination, in the refectory, the l»ovs arose siniiillum-ously and hurst forth in hearty cln ei < and applause. A loliduy in h»*Dor of the event quite tiik-l our cuji.
Chrislma** came with its usual stock of g<*(.MÍ (dicer. 'I'he Midnight Mass IS an event of special importance with us, and we piepare for it w ith elah«»rale care. The louse i.s hung with festo -ns and the chapel is ablaze will: lights and llower.s in
honor of our new horn King. Midnight Mas' i> followeil by a light repast in the rcfcelory, w hen the glad crv i»f ‘Olerry Christmas” re-sound.s on all sidc<>, and “hands are shaken till they ache agair.” The week's holiday which follows is thoroughly enjoyed, walking and skating partic'* lurnishing healthful and constant diversion.
The Feast of Epijdiany, the patronal day of the college, w’as kept w'ilh due solemnity.
February brought the semi-annual examinatiiins, wh ch last tw’O weeks, one week being devoted to a written and one to an oral examination. The ialter in public, inasmuch as each is examined in the presence of the en-t re facuhv and community. This is ;;!i oideal much dreaded, c.specialiy
. V unger ho\s. T*> stand up
.. uror Toofe-**ors hurl
A. ^ al .- i.c I.' ai'paliII _. * ■ *
J' S'» »n <*vei*. 1 iie txaniiiia' < i.
po.v i d that lime laid'not h.en wast-I 1. In fiiet. there is very little of I' .a with ii>. Il»>l d.ays, cxecjit tlie r< uuI.iT w tX f.ly ••l .*l.iy, arc lew and ill bviwti;.,* K., ry * iac-ciilive ior i> g:\eJi, and 11»-^! ri-.-uk is quite •‘.ati.'j:uT«»r \ .
All* rwar.l> we juii'Ue»! the e\ cii lei. '!• "Í our waav till Lent came in due '.-asoLi, bringing at its do* r Ib»
• y Week, with its louehiiig services. Ill our recieali«»n hall a rcp"''ltory was built by loving bauds, and l<n*-inghvnils remaiue*! there day and night to console Him during Ilis exd*-. (b»<r l Eli lay wais a day of ah>olulfc süeuee. Ka.-ler Sunday hr*»ke calm and b* aiitiful, dispelling lije g’t'omv >l;a lows of the prcce*ling week. The May ühiminalion?, which are a feature in ovr college, came next on the programme. It is indeed a beautiful sight to see the
grounds in front of ihe college illuminated by hundreds of parti-col-oied lights, and in their midst the staue of Our Lady. The magnificent Litany of the Blessed Virgin and a number of hymns are sung, when the Rosary and night prayers are recited as a close to the happy event.
Spring in her budding lovliness is here, and the poets of the community wander about abstractedly murmuring matches of verse about the time when “all the w’oods stand in a mist of green and nothing perfect.” The professors take advaotige of the suggestive beauty of our land' scape, at this season, to ask for spring poems and composilims. None id the productions so lar threaten to set me world on fire.
The coming examinati ns are already casting their shadows before, and vacation looms restfully in the distance. Let us thank God for a well spent year.
F. H., Claes ’02.
A CHAPTER ;ON LIES.
RABBI SOLOMON 'SCHINDLER GIVES SOME interesting FACTS.
The DifTeronco between a Purpose and Motive in Fiction. A Unique New Work which Treats of Lying in a Very Unconventional Manner.
Rabbi Solomon Schindler, the brilliant Boston seho'ar, has contributed a must interesting p;ip. r to a recent is-ue of the Arena on lying, in which he takes the new realistic story, “Who Li s,” .as a text. By special permission we are en.ahled to publish this notable paper.
It may he taulologi'*al to .speak of the “purpose” and the “motive” of a hter.ary work in ono breath; still there i.s a slight *listinclion betw'een tlie two, and this <listinction sepa' rates ih* former idealistic .school of novel writers from the modern real' ¡Stic school. It would he unj'ust to say that writers like Sir Walter Scott, Fng**ne S »i, Alexander 1>U' mas, IJerthoM Auerbach, and others have lacked a “purpose” when writing their ailminihle novels; yet that “motive,’' that tendemy, is indeed wanting in them which char' acterizi's the works of realistic authors. Charles Dickens, who may he termed llio connecting link be-iwoon rho'p two sell o's,—tlie noveU ist of the transition period,— adds a di'tinct “motive” to the “pnrp()se,” when he atlii<*ks the miserable fo’iool .'NS'.em of his time, or the inhumanity w’llh which the submerged cla.s8e8 are treated, or w'hen he ridicules the hypoeri&y of charitable iii>titutioiis. S ep by step we can thus trace the evolution of the “m«»tive” in the progres' of the re.alistic literature of our time.
The latc't e<tntrihution (f this character in fiction, embodying a strong “ni"tive,” has been ]»resen’ed to the reading public thaough tl e Arena Publishing Company, ot Boston, in their iifty-eeut series of vigoious works by leading thinkers. 'ITie authors, Finil Blum, Ph D., and Mr. g nund B. Alexander, ha\ e eorrecuy called it an “Interrogation.” They desire to call attention to one of the most serious problems of life; they hurl an ac msation at our m idem civilization, ag.ainst which a defeii'c is not an easy task; they cast a fiash light upon society, and show’ the rotten loiiiulation upon which it rests.
Figlit gentlemen, belonging t) the cultured and w’ell'to-do classes of society, and representing various walks of life, are assembled at a banquet. They are all graduates of the same college, in which they had been nicknamed by their classmates the “M del Nine.”’ Their friendship had existed during ton ye.ars, in w hich time each had won for him' self a respected position in society. One is a successful physiciaa; an' other a famous lawyer; the third stands at the head of a 1 ucrative business concern; the fourth is the chief of a banking house, and known as a great philanthropist; the fifth occupies the jiulpit of a fashionable charch; the sixth edits a newspaper of large circulation; the seventh holds A professor’s chair at the Alma Mater; the eighth is identified with the p ditics of his state; the ninth, the most iiromi-iiiig of tliem, had in* bi ri'* ’ from his father an immense i*>nuii‘ , and lia I during these years traveled extensively. He bad, there' fore, never been present at any of their annual reunions, but is expected to ¡oin them 011 this occasion. A beUtcd train brings him to the city and into tb«'ir compaii}', at the 1110-meut when they are drinking the liealth and praising the u(dile (piali lies of the absentee.
He is w’armly greeted by his friends, who, however, find that he has changed considerably. T hough apparently the same genial and brib liant fellow w’hom they had in times jia.'^t, he seems to have become inlec.e«l with the blackest kind of pessimism. He fiercely attacks tho very civilization which they cherish ’so dearly. A controversy arises, w’hich ciilmina'ea in a peculiar wager. Rust, the pessimist, claims th.a? our whole civilization is a huge “Lie;” that this Tde has permeated
and poisoned society to such a degree that no one could speak the truth, even if he desired, f-»r any length of time, without harming, if not destroyiug his reputation and business prospect. This is empbati-cally denied by hisfriends, who, on tbeir part, claim that for one week, at least, they would pledge th m-selves to adhere strictly to the truih. The wager provides, therefore, that if they adhere to the truth for one week. Rust must pay eight thousand dollars; but if one of them breaks his word, he must pay on© thousand dollars. The money is to go to some benevolent institution, which the winner sha I designate. It is further agreed that any member may witl^* draw his obi gation on payment of one thousand dollars during the week, if be finds telling the truth too expensive.
The result was as predicted by Rust. Disaster in some form over' lookeat'hof them. In the last chapter, Rust informs them that he had offered the wayer, not to win their money, but to ^ive them an object lesson. A;1 the miseries from which soiety is suffering, says he, are the logical conseijuences of the prevailing untruthfulness. Ins'ead of trying to remodel the world, and to better con dilions by assailing consequence-', they ought to attack the root of the evil, the “Lie.” He proposes, there* fore, the formation of society of ver-itists—of men who will pledge thera-selv(‘s to Hjieak «he truth always, un-mi iulf«il of possible consequences It is his firm belief that, in the end, people will learn tlfiit they prosper much better with truth than with uni truth, and that while tora short time they miiy be the losers, in the end they w’ill win confidence and make up for the lo s.
The lightinü: w’hich illumines the path of the wanderer on a stormy night, shows him the precipice into which he is about to fall; thus “Who Lies?” reveals the dangers with w'hich our present civilization is fraught, and the root from which most o! its evils grow. It suggests the only remedy: namely, to speak the truth and nothing but the truth, regardlesi of conseipiences.
•‘Who Liei-?” will be fo«ind not only amusing and int ire.sling, but the reader w ill a'lmire it for its courage and fearlessness. It is deserving of a wide circle of readers.
Popular Talks on Law
IlY W.M SCRAOUE, ES(¿.
The M id die Golonies and Vlrg;i ni a
The obles settlement on the mid' die coa««t was that of the Dutch at the mouth of the Hudson river, following upon the discovery of the river, in 1«»09, by Capt. Henry Hudson. The D.it(-h were great explorers, and soon made claim to the whole coast between the Connecticut and Delaware nver, but in I «MM, Charles II. gave this territoiy to his brother James who comiielled the Dutch governor, by force of arms, lo surrender, and New Netherlands became New York, James being the Duke of York. The Duke afterwards be' came the King of England, and the colony became a royal colony; and tliej law-making power, subject to the Crown, was vested in a governer and a council appointed by the Crown, and an assembly elected br ihc peo]>le. When the Duke of York took possession of his territory, he granted out that part between the Delaware river and the ocean to lords proprietors, but in 1702, the projirietors surrendered their right of government to the Crown, and East and West Jersey were united, and became a royal colony For some time New Jersey had the same governor as New York, but it always had its own assembly.
The next oldest territory was that which comprised the present State of Delaware. At first it was disputed territory. It lay within the grant made to I.«ord Baltimore in 163*2. The Dutch claimed some settlements in l6-^5, which afterwards passed to the Duke of New York, by whom it was sold in 10&2 to William Penn. Lord Baltimore surrendered hie claim, and it then became a mere appendage of Pennsylvania with the same gov ernor, although after 1703 an independent assembly, even down to the time of the Revolution.
William I*enn w^as the founder of Pennsylvania; the grant to him was made in 1681, and included about same tei ritory as now occupied by that 8iate. Reiin’s charter gave him the power lo emic;t laws conformable to reiis«»ii and the hi(s of England, wil l the consent of lh<* freemen of the cob'iiy. d’his ciiaiter continued in force until the Revolution, when the Slate of Pennsylvania assumed all the political powers that belonged to Penn’s descendants, paying them a large sum of money for surrendering their rights to the soil.
Virginia was the oldest of the Southern Colonies. It may be said ihatthe political history of theUnit^rd States begins with the founding of Jamestown in 1607. It was founded by the London company. The Lon don company was created by King James I., by the same charter that created the' Plymouth company* These two companies divided bes tween them all English dominions in the New World. The London comp
any receiving the southern, the Plymouth the northern territory. They were author zed to establish colonies, each colony to be subject to the King, to be governed by a local council of the company in E*#g' land, at the King’s pleasure. These cempanies were short lived. The stockholders lived in England and did not bscome colonists. They were indeed mercantile companies clothed with political powers The Lotdon company give to the people no voice whatever in the government of the colony, but King James in his charter to the London and the Plymouth companies, had said: “Also, we do
for us, our he rs and success rs, declare by these presents that all and every the persons, being our subjects, which shall go and inhabit with in the said colony and plantation, and even their children and posterity, which shall happen to be born within any of our limits thereof, shall have and enjoy all liberties franehises and immunities of fee denizens and natural subjects within any of our other dominions, to all intents and purpose , as »f they had been abiding and born within tnis, our realm of England, or in any other of our dominions.” This was a guarantee and was irrevocable, unless by con' sent of both parties, and in aftenimes it became the great bulwark of colonial rights and liberties. It is some tim s called the Colonial Constitution. The people of James town colony murmured in view of their oppression, until in I6l9 the governor of the colony called upon them to choose representatives to a legislative asaemb y These being convened was calleJ the House of Burgesses, and was the first legisla' tive body that sat in America. In 1621 the London company created a colonial legislature, consisting of the council of state, whose members were appointed by the company, ai d a general assembly chosen by the peo' pie Its laws bad to be ratified by the com})any. In 1624 the charter was forfeited lo the Crown and Virginia becamj a royal colony, but i«8 coüstitution remained the same. The next in age w’as tha Maryland colony.
A suggessAil mission.
A very successful mission coii' ducted by the Passionist Fathers Boniface, of Pittsburg and Erasmus, has recently closed in Lousville at St. Augustine’s Church. The Bishop administered confirmation to about forty adults and children. Twenty five children made their first c tmrau-IIion. Father White, the pastor, deserves great credit for his indefatigable labors, and is doing a great w ork in the education ot tbe Colored people. J.
A HOME FGR GuLORfiD GIRLS.
Father Welbers, Rector of St. Peter Claver’s Church, Baltimore, Md., has secured a desirable property in that city to ba used as a Reform-ato'y and Industrial School for Coh ored girls. Thus the first step has been made towards supplying a long felt want. Up to this time maiy a girl has been lost to the faith, since for want of a home of this kind they were sent to a Piotestant Institution. Many more still might have been saved from a life of sin and degra' daiion, had there been a place where they could find a refuge from tbeir dangerous surroundings. The new instiiution is intended to remedy this evil.
Quite a large sum, however, will still be needed to repair the place and make the necessary changes. As ojr colored Catholics are unable to give any material assistanee, and as a whole there is very little sympathy for the Colored race among our white brethren. Father Welbers is forced to appeal to toe North who has more than once shown her generosity. This work is such that it must com' mend itself to the charity of all, and has the hearty approval of his EmU nence the Cardinal. Donations will be thankfully received by the Rev. L. J. Welbers, St. Peter Claver’s Church, Baltimore, Md., or the Sisters of the Gjod Shepherd, Hollins and Mount streets, Baltimore, Md.
—A small Scotch boy was summoned to give evidence against his father, who was accused of making disturbances in the streets. Said tbe bailie to bim: “CJome, my wee mon, speak tbe trutb, and let us know all ye ken about tbis affair.” “Weel, sir,” said tbe lad, “d’ye ken Inverness street?” “I do, laddie,” replied his worship. “Weel, ye gang along it and turn into the square and cross the square—” “Yes, yes,” said tho bailie, encouragingly. “An’ when ye gang across tho square yo turn to the right, and up Into High street, and keep on up High street till ye come to a pump.** “Quite right, my lad; proceed,” said his worship, “1 know the old pump well.” Well,” said the boy, with the most infantile simplicity, “ye may gang and pump it, for ye’ll no pump me.”— Christian Register,
A llai-a Position to Fill.
Employment Agent — Why do you leave a place in which you have worked so many years?
Domestic—Well, you see, the missus died last month.
A-gent—The house is lonely now, I suppose?
Domestic—’Tain’t that; but, now the missus is dead, the master blames everything on me.—Drake’s Magazine.
HOME HINTS AND HELPS.
—Egg Gruel: This will cure a cold if taken as soon as the sli j: ! : test symptoms appear. Beat the yolk < f an egg with a teaspoonful of sugar and a small pinch of salt, stir into this gradually a cup of hot milk, then the white of the egg beaten to a stiff froth. Drink at once.—N. Y. World.
—German Fritters: Three eggs (well
beaten), one pint of milk, two tablé-spoonfuls of sugar, one-half teaspoonful of salt, one salt-spoonful of cinnamon and a small pinch of powdered mace. Cut slices of bread in squares or oblong pieces, soak in the mixture until soft, and fry a golden brown in butter, putting a small piece of butter on each before turning. Serve very hot with butter and sugar or maple sirup. —Good House-Keeping.
—Tired Eyes: Take a cup brimful of
tepid water and add sufficient salt to be faintly perceptible to the taste. Hold your eyes to the wate.* so that the lashes touch it, then wink once and the eyes will be suffused. Do not wipe them. This so refreshes the eyes that they feel Ifke a new pair. Do not forget the good old rule, as soon as you feel your eyes aching, stop using them. By the above treatment one need waste very little time waiting for tired eyes. —Christian Inquirer.
—Clams Baked with Bacon: Take one can of clams, from which drain the liquor, which can be used for broth. Cut three thin slices of bacon, and freshen by putting them in a pan of cold water, and allowing them to boil. Take from the fire and cut them into dice. Have a small baking dish in which lay a layer of clams, then one of the bacon dice; over this sprinkle a teaspoonful of minced celery; add a dash of pepper. Continue in this way until all the material is used; strew fine bread crumbs over the top, on which place a few pieces of butter; bake in the oven until brown.—Ladies’ Home .Tour-nal.
—Lemon Pie: Prepare the under
crust same as for apple pie. Make a thick boiled paste of flour and water, or water or cornstarch. Of this, take a good-sized coffee-cupful and mix with it the yelks of two eggs, a teacup two-thirds full of sugar, the juice and grated rind of one lemon, and a little salt. Mix all together and put into the tin. Bake until the crust is well done and the mixtvire “set.” Now spread over it the whites of two eggs beaten to a froth and mixed with one-third of a cup of sixgar—granulated or coffee “A” is best. Put back into the oven and bake until a delicate brown. This last baking is very particular and needs careful watching, or else it will burn.—Ohio Farmer.
—White Spice Cake: Beat together ten eggs and one pound and one ounce of sugar for three-quarters of an hour, then add one pound and one ounce of flour, one-quarter of a pound of coarsely-chopped almonds, two teaspoonfuls of ground cloves, one table-spoonful of ground cinnamon, a little ooarsely-chopped candied orange and lemon peel (this is a matter of taste), one teaspoonful of grousd cardamon seeds, two tea-spoonfnls of arrack. Mix all these ingredients thoroughly, roll the dough out moderately thick—about the consistency of cookies—put half an almond in each corner of the cakes, lay a strip of candied lemon peel in the center, let them stand fifteen minutes, and bake in a moderately hot oven.—Harper's Bazar.
CURE OF DISEASE.
It Can Not Be Effected Unless the Cause Is Discontinued.
A disease is also incurable when its canses work on without interruption. Malaria induces an incurably chronic condition if the infected person does not leave the impregnated marsh land of his residence. A bronchial catarrh continues stationary, and at last draws the lungs into sympathy with it, if the person attacked by it remains constantly exposed to a dusty atmosphere. With like suddenness and energy of the causes of disease, with like continuance of the local processes, the individuals power of resistance, the vigor of hia constitution are important factors in detei'mining the outcome. A vigorous thirty-year-old man will overcome an inflammation of the lunga which would be fatal to an old man, to a drinker, or to a man weakened by luxury or a life of dissipation or suffering. Finally, crimen non est artis, sed oegroti—the fault is not of the art, but of the patient—is the phrase that may be applied to those (3ases in which the most correct measures taken under favorable circumstances fail to accomplish their purpose, because the patient himself does not or can not co-operate with them. No treatment can relieve the smoker of his throat-catarrh, so long as he persists in his habit. This aspect of the case is especially pertinent to the nervous disorders which are one of the growing sijourges of the age; incapacity and vacillation, the force of outer influences or the pressure of business too often intervene • to interrupt a cure which was otherwise fairly possible.— Prof. Nothnagel, in Popular Science Monthly.
It If* Asserted That They Make the B«e% Husbands.
It is a fact dreadful to contempladle, but true, notwithstanding, that commonplace men make the best husbands. Your genius generally thinks too much of himself to think much of anyone else. Y^our beauty is inevitably con-eeiv^; and persons who set themselves up fprmodern Solomons are too wise to be coiiifoTtable, as a matter of course. Mr. Profundity is never willing that woman should be tbe old mixture of sense and nonsense, good and bad, ugly and pretty, that nature usually makes her. He either desires her to remain half up the kitchen chimney with hia babe and her distaff, or to lecture on woman's rights—to be a sort of earthly houri, ready to be looked at when he is ready to look at her, and incapable of all useful exertion; or to stalk about in short skirts and cloth pantalettes, with her hair cropped close in her neck, and an evident contempt for soap and water. Just as he has inevitably picked his father’s watch to pieces for the pui*poss of making it over, in his childish days, does your genius strive to pick his wifs to pieces for the same purpose, and with as signal failure.
But your plain nobody, who doesn’t pretend to talent, takes woman as he finds her. He has never had any expectation of mating with an angel, and he is not disappointed by the earthiness of his fair one. Having made her Mrs. Smith, there she is. It never strikes him that she is not his affinity, or that ther© is an aching void in his heart that she can not fill. If she fades a little as years go by he takes it as a matter of course, and does not tuck her out of sight. She can pour his coffee at breakfast, crimping pins in her hair and a calico wrapper on, without disenchanting him. She is only “not fixed up.” Ther© may be Cleopatras in tbe world, but h© has never fancied himself Anthony; so “his little woman” is enough for him. Never having clambered upon the stilt© of any * “ism” w'hatever, he is not ashamed to descend and be comfortably kind and cozy. Never having believed himself a demigod to be humbly worshiped, he is thankful, in a manly, tender sort of "way, for wifely trust, and love and honor, and dares to show it. His wife may never hear the critic© applaud, him, or hear of a public dinner being offered him, but she will not b© left alone evening after evening while be disports himself magnificently before the public, nor see a lofty scorn upon his brow when she runs to meet him on hi© home-coming; and if any girl were to ask me candidly whether she should accept the hand of Leander Moonshine, who has written tragedy in five acts, delivered a lecture on geology, is th© most brilliant of all conversationalists, and is, oh! so beautiful that all th© women adore him! or Tom Smith, who is in business down town, who never wrote anything but letters in his life— who, tackled on the subject of litera-tare, declares that he has heard that Shakespeare wrote some pretty pieces, and whose snub nose and freckles ar© his greatest beauties—I, not knowing the two men, for there are* exception© to every rule, should say: “Smith, by
all meens, if j'ou desire to be happy.”— N. Y. Ledger.
Dresses Wear Longer Now.
The dry-g<x)ds dealers in Great Britain *r© complaining that dresses last alto-gother too long and that trade is suffering in consequence. Reports from the retail dry goods stores all over the kingdom of business during the past winter show a marked dullness in the dress-goods trade. Many reports ascribe this to the lasting qualities of tweeds and other cloth-like materials now so much used in women’s gowna. Whether steps are being taken to remedy this serious defect’ in the dress goods is not stated. Another interesting snggestkuL'-'iaade is that the sale of mantles, jackets, cloaks, shawls and wraps has been large, and as the long cloaks and mantles now worn cover up a multitude of defects in the dresses beneath, the latter have been made to do ©xtended «Arvice.— Boston Globe,
Easier to Make Friend!^ in a Small City Than in a Big One.
The circle of a man’s acquaintance is not broadened by the fact that he lives in a big city. Unless it is a part of hi© business to make acquaintances he is not likely to know as many people in New York as he would if he lived in a country town. It seems paradoxical to the provincial, but it is true. Ther© are many and some curious reasons for this. In a crowd of twenty thousand people I have little desire to know anybody—in a partv of half a dozen or so I am lonesome or actually embarrassed' by not knowdng anybody. In a village people w'ould make it uncomfortable for you if you showed a disposition not to encourage acquaintance; in a big city thpe man who pushes his acquaintance is looked upon with suspicion. Th© larger the human aggregation th© more exclusive classes of people become. The vast ramifications of society in th© metropolis—and I mean society in it©i broadest sense—and the shortness ot human life make restriction imperative and a carefully-selected circle of ac-qmaintances highly desirable.
This selection is a growth and d©» pends wholly upon the individual. N©* man has a right to complain because a . particular other man or a set of men doi not care for his company. In his turn he doesn’t like other particular men* and denies them his society. No patience or sympathy need be expended upon those who sneer at some particular 1 set that will not receive them. Th©, W'orld is big enough for am^body whoi craves the society of his fellow creatureat without treading on anybody’s toes on tearing off anybody's coat tail. Yet inl New Y"ork thousands of intelligent men| and women spend their lives and fortunes in the effort to get into society circles that don't want them. And when they do so unsucces.sfully thej’- are ready to “cuss” the excltisives up hill and f down.—N. Y. Herald. ,
Sea Galls Far Inland.
Sea gulls are frequently seen on th©i Mississippi river near St. Louis. Th© offal from the city slaughter-houses and sewers seem to attract them, especially during the winter, and the sight of gulls and crows feeding together on th© ice is common a short distance below tye St. Louis arsenaJL It may seem m | long distance from th© tea for gulls to ¡ travel, but it should h© remembered that a gull flying before tho wind will travel from seventy to on© hundred miles an hour, and, as it can remain ou the wing for days at a time, a sea gull, no matter where it may be, is, practically, never out of reaoli of the sea.—St, Louis Republic, '