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American Catholic Tribune (Newspaper) - July 23, 1892, Cincinnati, Ohio A^merican Tribune 9**vrrre< *r HU Betaenee OariUaJ Sfkbou, ArakbUkop *1 Baitlaara, ■<„ ttra Boit R(*. ArokUifeopa *1 OliMlaiuH, and PkllaMpkla, tha 8i. Bar. atsaopa ol Ooatngtoa, Oolonkaa, 0., Uoluaoild, Ta., Tlneauai, Ini., ani Wllatagtoa, Dali VOL VII.CINCINNATI SATURDAY. JULY 23, 181*2, NO 19 ■asiOia Letlei BY THE BISHOP OF KANSAS ON THE CELEBRATIO • OF THE AOoth ANNIVERSARY Discovery of America by Cbrtstopher Columbus. October I 2ih, I A02. * have taken a    uou-;    part *n tae di^coverj* and <lev iop meal ^    AV?*.    ( hr }., ar>(i F'aithjul oj It. . .    Ortefhtg.* \\ e d^-^’rv ii» «lire<’t vour aiteniion \ i one "f the jcrreat« >tevent-i, brouHbt ibrtut bj Divine Providence r: the ’ ■i.'-e of üíe Middle Ages, the di-*.mív-t ry of Amer by ihai ^real Ch*is-Lian hero, Christ 7pb-r Columbus. The i<-*ea which iead lo the discovery >f a new world, and the undertaking it-ieif were matter» ao unheard of* in ;ho^,? day**, tnat Coitimbus met with nothing but disappointment- in hi-->wn arul neighboring countrie-; and the wh*»ie project wouid have bad to t>e abandoned, oerliaps for ceiuurie#* t'• come, if Co«i had not raised up a w.,man, full of faith and real for re. bgioD, who bad list ned to the pla s of that providential mao, and after d'ie cf*n?ideraiion, encourage^l b^* of the Clergy that ha<l exer-' .-ed grc-at induencAr at her court, uad taken op his cause and was wil-niT to |.K^ige even her jeweU, in 'I'rder ifj obtain the mean- nece>siry for carrying out the undertaking. That great w« man wa- Queen Isnbel- • a. tne Catholic of ¿pain. CioJ alone • uM have inspired Culuiubu- with that indomitable ^*pi^^t of per-tver-ance, re*piired for carrying out -o p ri.ous a w.irk; faith and piety gov-eiTied iiis every aMi»»n which made him rind the time lor gathering up hi?» crew le* receive in a 1m>1v Uo y Cí-mmonion lk*fore leaving the port • Í I'ab f».    N<* winder he t iuk nr?S'» -•    of tne land Le «liseovered bv 'tlt'nig up the sign uf «alvaiion the Vrv?».'! A jrent part of Eur»?pe will \ ;*• with li.eir kreiLren in Araerii j in ce.*-brating that great and pr -vi i'i.tia’. • vent, from whk'h mueh ,j,< Li -r to <Ti d, and >uch unt Id hit—- )áa\e Ci^me upon niillioTH of ..j.Je, We eannot claim to be in th‘- ihrem^ -t ranks of taat devon» .rmy, numbering, that p«»nr-t-eif out in thank-g vingto (r->^i for Ml- ííoódne--, an*i in j -nyer for all "fl-ple d dev f the new world, a- Mean.- are wanting fur a dbplay of pageantry; but r.o one shall -urpa^s ii- in rendering thanks to God for having opened a new woHd, where uniol I millions would prai-e His name with u-, and, like cursives, esublish their horn s -V> enjoy the blessing- of Go<l and the liberty of conscience ‘‘under their own vine and fig tree.” it is our earnest re<| icst that Widnesiiay. the twelfth of October, being the four hundreUh anniversa-*“v of the discovery of America, be .-«’.ehrated ir. every church a- sol-?nmlv A* j»c»--iV>le, with High Ma-cs, rmon and benediction with the dioly Sacraineni and that the faithful attend a- • n ^unday-. wherevt r it can be d 'r . Thf Ala.-- i- to be taken    >»yra'    i with ih»' .irali m- pro ./r.iti trum We further recj*mmend that the , \ening of the satn»* day !,»€ celebrated by a civic di-play, consisting f ,i parade, .-jieeelies or uf ?uc h ..yther 9»>cial enjoyment-, a- are in keeping with Christian aentiments ac 1 the day we celebrate. We re j, -t that all take part, young and id, and especially the mother^, in ^..onor t.f that great woman and m?jther. whom God had cho-en as the active and |*uwerful protectress ..f that event. Queen Isabella the Catholic. The Hev. Clergy will olease to meet their congregation-jVir the purpose of concerliog mea--urei for the ctdebration; those of • ñtica in which there are -everal •jhurches, will first consult among themselves with the view of uniting in the celebration in a real Catholic manner, as one great fiirailv. Under the ruling of Divine Providence wo may expect from the celebration of that providential e ut every beneficial result for all the people. It will bring about a manifestation of g'>od will, on the part of all the people; the non-Catholic citizens will vie with the Catholic in rendering honor to the memory of C'hristopher Columbus and of Isa-, jclla the Calhtilic; pr» judices will ^-reatly dimini-h, citizens w ill be-'ome more united, and good feeling « tiarmony will spring up, as when c late war the non Catholic and Can^ilic 5tCH>il shoulder to shoulder '.n dei-atise of our government, and againert the disruption of our great • miTtry; when many a wounded or 1 ving t«A>Uiier. f'»r thf first time in hiá life, *^aw a or -i.-ter of charily, arid recived ihoir cuosoling and , .othÍEg ministration-, a- long as they were in ueed of them. When ('atholic and non-t atliolic bb»o<l mingled and flowed in streams, and Catholic soldiers, c ommanded by non-Catlndic (rficers. and non-Catholic -uldiers, c»»mmanded by Catholic offi-rs, fought like lions; no insidious mischief makers could then clamor that Catholics could not be true piatriots; the pre-ence of such great Uatholies as Sherman, Sheridan^Mul-fligan and others, would have made their words die on iheG lips l>efore Í i>t iiit_r utter* d. The good will toward i ill became so general that the victu-1 r li- people of the N-.rthern part of ! tl.c Unit^ States, d d not delay long to birgive their misled Southern brethre ', and to entru-t them with tiflicvs of honor and trust, w'hich they fave tilled with honor to their country and to tliemselve*». Who would, on this happy occasion, not be reminded of the part our Catholic brethren took in former patriotic achifvements? When the American colonies wen.' still in their infancy, a cruel war was thrust on them by an oppressor, immeasurably their superior in wealth and power. The American patriots fought for their liberty and their homes, but their forces having been too unequal to th* se of their enemy, would have had to succumb, if God, in his mercy for America, had not sent them the aspistanc»^ of Catholic France, by whi« h they were enabled to establish the independence of the Siates and relitfious liberty, which first had found a home in Catholic Maryland. With a deep sense of gratitude to God for the blessings He has showered down upon r.ur country and its p op e, we s^ll do our pait noble to preserve an*l hand them dow n to future generations. Being mindful that tho-e “who are fsithful t> the Church wdll guanl the Slate,” we -hall endeav(»r to bo faithful* hildren of God, and true members of our Holy Mother, the Church, of wdi’ch Christopher Columbus and (^ueen Dr-bella were humble and devout f'hil* dren. We -hall bring up our children “in the disc pline and correction of the I^rd;” bu Id up schools in which they are taught their duties to (bxl and man, to the Church an 1 to iho Slate, and to perform them fear* ics-ly for the sake of conscience, not for t*he«ake of policy or w’orldly gain. We caurutt let ihi- Oiva-ion pass by wilhctui warning yon of the dangers whii. h threaten u- an*l undermine re* ligion and many uprightness. Some of our greatest dangers which threaten u- are: the iiou-Christian education *>f the rising generation, and Secret and forbi«Men stxiietins, a d he e*ppre.-sion «-f the* laboring man. To meet the fir-t we must iii-;ist on g ving our chihiren a thor»»ugh Chris, lian education, according to the rules laid * ow'u by the Third Plenary Council uf Baltimore. For this purpose wt* must make many .sacrifices, requir«»d for the establishment and maintainance of Catholic school**. To meet the second great danger w e must keep aloof from secret societies, to which no practical Catholic can b»*long with sate conscience, and e-lab.ish benevolent societies, in which faith, hope snd charity are found. As w’e inten*! in the near future to publish an instruction on this subject, we will say no more at pres* nt. In c-mclu-ioQ we pray:    May the Almighty, Who has so abundantly blessed our country, also preserve it I Alay He establish and preserve peace and good w ill among all the people of this great American Union, to the end of timel May He give them all a mind to do justice to the humble laboring men, by the sweat brow the eartu produces her fruit, city an*i country are built up, the channels oí industry run brimful witli pros|>erity, and whose happiness is the happiness of the people. Alav he deeply engrave in their heart and* raintl, lha’t the laboring men are ma*le after the image and likeness of God, anJ have the same Master in heaven as tlie rich. Alay God give to all the people a mind to love an<l serve Him; for such as bles.« Him shall inherit the land.’’—(Psa. xxxvi: j2.) Given at our residence, Kansas City, Kaiisa-, July .‘1, 189J, on the feast of the Most Precious Blood. : Louis AIary, O. S. B., Bishop of Kansas City, Kansas. P. S.—The Reverend Clergy w ill read the foregoing Pastoral from the altar after its receipt, and give such explanations, as, in their opinion, thev may deem calculated to further its purpo.-es. THE NEW INDIAN COMMISSIONER. Bishop McGolrick of this Catholic diocese has just been appointed one of the g*^»vernment Chippewa Indian commissioners, vice Bishop Alarty residid. As yet no official notice of Iniá appointment has been made, but the bishop has received word from Senator Davis at Washington that th*- appointment is made. Bish» op McGolrick has just returned from an official visit to the White l^anli reservation, the largest Chippewa reserve in the Northwest and to which it is pro[>osed to remove all of the Inoians of the state. While there a great council was held, the mu^t important for many years, attended by chiefs, heaidmen, and braves from all the Chippewa reservations of the state. At thisconncil which fjccupied several days the Indians gave their full story of their wrong», from the earlier unfulfilled treaty obligations to the present time when the srovernment having obtained their signatures to a deed of large tracts of land iu several parts of the country on an express promise to give each family 160 acress of land in severalty, besides farm implements and cattle, is now trying to give bu eighty acres and no implements Ml* cattle. The Bisnoj) is very hopeful of the future of the Indians if treaty obligations can lie carried out anti if the half br* eds **an be k»-j>t away from the full blooils. At present half breeds, i-quaw' men, and many w'ho claim lo have I d an blood are or wding into the reservation to obtain a share of the sever rity lands and are elbowing at the full bloods, who are very jealous of the intrusion. —The News.The Indian Catholic Con-erress and Starving: Indian Sisters. [< Htbolic Newg.l The news culumns of the “Catholic News” have given an account of the great Catholic ot Indians held at theCbeyenne Ageocy, on ihe occasion of the dedication of the new church and mission hoase erected for their use through the generosity of Miss Frances Draxel, of Philadelphia. The ceremony of dedication was performed by Algr. Marty, B shop of Sioux Falls. The Indians, to the number of six thousand braves, with their families manifested the grea est enthusiasm on this occasion. A lits tie more encouragement of ih’s kind would put it out of the power of Comm ssion r Alorgan to say * the cunent of iheir trii al livesliave flowed along iudependently, side by side with the national current, touching it here and there, but seldom mingling and never been any trouble, under Catholic iifluenots, to induce the Indian.s lo “mingle wi h the nat* ional current.” Spanish and French mis.sionaries and explorers never found any difticulty in drawing the Indians lo faith and civilization. Indeed, the tribes evangelized by the French and Spaniards exist to thi.s <lay, except where they were brought in contact with English colonists or their tlescendanix. In support to this assertion we have only to point to the Ahnakis, Conewaga^ Kaskas-kias, Miamis, Ottawas, Chippeways, Arkansas, ami the New Alexican tri-be»i which sti 1 remain and embrace numerous faithful Indians. But, as an ciuminent historian, lately decea-<e*I, asks: “Where are the Pe*juods, Narragansetts, the Alohegans, the Alattowax, the Eenape, the Powbat* tans? They live only in name in the rivers and mountains of our land.” Mr. Morgan seems to think that the Indians have ‘ participate*! but nieagerly in our prosperity; have little desire to profit by our example or experience.” What opportunities are offered them fordoing so? Was ever greater injustice visited upon any people? “They have little desire to profit hy our example,” have they? Dots Air. or *lo Catholics know, for that matter, that there is at Fort Berthold, Dakota, a Community of Indian Sisters ready and willing t*) “pr. fit by the example” of their white si.sters in devotion, iu self-sacrifice for religion’s sake, and who are almost starving, in that Titile community of the Sacred Heart. Why is it that even Catholics seem to forget them or to look upon them with disfavor? Have they not given touching examples of Christian perseverance ill suffering for Christ’s sake? Have they not shown a w’ill-ingness to devote themselves to any good and holy work that may be as. signed to them? Have they not testified, even unto death, their perseverance in the c.ause they have espoused? And yet, w ho cares for them? What friendly hand has been ¿rxten-de<l to them? “Does the hue of their dark cheeks awaken wrath?”Are there noifields in which their usefulness could be utilized? No Indian ch Idren to be instructed? No Indian sick and aged to be nursed and led by gentleness lo salvation? Must these devoted souls go back into the w'orld they left that they might labor more effectually for Christ’s sake? Is there no generous souls with means en* ough to give them a helping hand— yea, even the crumbs that fall from their w’ell stocked tables? A com», munity of white Sisters that had undergone half the trials and privations these poor Indian Brides of Christ have suffered in silence, would have awakened the deepest sympathy throughout the land. But these are In» dian Sisters: Well, they trust in God —the God of white Sisters and of white men; they pray to Him, and in His own good time He will touch the hearts of the charitable and lead them to re?cue the deserving com* munilv of Indian Sisters of the Sac. red Heart Alission, Fort Berthold, N. D , Bev. F. J. Crah, Chaplain. Donahoe’s Alagazine, for August, contains some stirring articles. That on Harrison vs. Cleveland; Tariff for Protection vs. Tariff for Revenue will interest all parties. Points About the Irish Crisis, by Rev. .J. C. Ilalpin, C, C. A Glance at Ireland’s Poets and Poetry. St. Ann’s on the Ottawa, by Anna T. Sadlier. Celei bratioQ of the birth of the poet Moore, in Chicago, with portraits of the orators. These are the principal articles. There are more than one hundred articles on as many different subjects, interesting to all Catholics of every nationality. One hundred large pages a month. tl.OO for six months. Address, Donahoe’s Magazine, Idoston, Alass.TIio Uifiiiida Alassacre. (Cniirch News) 1 he publication of the facts regarding the late massrcre of Catholics at Uganda reflecis very seriously upon the Protestant initsionaries. In the early days of the latter in that coun-iry they w ere protected by Catholic priests. In 1889 the French minister wrote to the pror-urator of the African missionaries as follows: The British Ambassador in Paris has officially informed me that her Britannic Majcety’s Government has duly appreciated the assistance which the Algerian Fathers have afforded on the occasion of the recent rising in Uganda to two British missionaries, Messrs. Walker and Gorden, whose lives were seriously endangered by the natives. I wdsh to* inform you of this without delay, ai d I have instructed our agent at Zanzibar to convey to the mission Fathers the tha ks of the British Government, together wdth iny own congratulation. In return tor their protection the Protestant ministers taught the natives to suspect and hate the Catholics. La-t January a Protestant chief attacked a Catholic chief and was defeated. A massacre of the Catholics f llowed, and the British troops has been accu-'ed of distri* bating rapid firing guns among the Piotestants, with which they attacked the Catholics Although the Catholic mis ionaries ramained mitral during the w’ar between the native Protestants and the native Catholics, they w'cre attacked by the former and ma-sacred. The Bntish troops protect* d the Protestant missionaries,' but declined to aid the Catholics. Speaking of this subject, our es-teerned contemporary, the Ottkolic Standard^ says: As 59,001) African Catholics have been murdered or sold .as slaves, or dispersed in different directions. And all this un*ler the instigation of 1 ’rotest an t—so-cal led “ Ch r istian”— missionaries, aided and activriy assisted hy Captain Lugard, the commander of the British soldiers sent there by the Government of the most en-lighten«*d and highly-civilized people ot Englaiul. llis ostensible mission w’as to protect Christians against Mohame*lan, s'ave-making and slavi -trafficing Arabs. Ilow' he has fulfilled that profe^d purpose of the British Governmeqt (real or hypocritically ostensible »is sufficiently shown by the fact that he endeavored to seize the legitimate Catholic King, Mwan« ga, and, failing in this, has pulled down his flag, an*l installed in his place the Mohamtdan Mbogo and proclaimed him king. The plain outrageousness of the proceeding was such that the matter was brought up in the British House of ].«ords. Lord Harris asked that “a committee be sent to Uganda to e.\-amine into and report upon the recent troubles in that country between Captain Lugard, the representative of the British East African Company. and the French [Catholic] missionaries.” Lonl Harris claimed that “the honor ol England was at stake.” In reply to this reasonable demand, TiOrd Salisbury sai*l that according to a telegram just received from Zanzibar, letters has been received containing assurances “that the fighting lia<l ended and that the English [Protestant] missionaries were sa e and well.” (Of this there were not even the slightest reason to doubt, for they were never in danger.) “This intel» ligence,” continue*! Lor i Salisbury, “w’ould diminish the axiety the Government shared regarding the self* sacrificing, devoted men”—the Protestant missionaries—“w'ho had ap*» peared to be exposed to great dangers and sufferings.” (In reality, they had not been expose*! to any danger or suffering, because the British soldiers had amply protected them.) But as regards the outrages, “ihe dangers and suffering” to which ihe Catholic missionaries had been exposed, Lord Salisbury opposed the appointment of a commission to as*» certain the facts, because he “could not believe that British agents had been guilty of attacking Catholic establishments, or had in any way taken hostile action against other Europeans iu Uganda.” And because Lord Salisbury“could” not “believe” this, in the face ofover* whelming testimony to the contrary, the British House of Lords refused to appoint a commission to inquire into and ascertain the actual, facts respecting the unprovoked massacre of African Catholics in Uganda. SPLITTING A BANK NOTE. A Noted Work. The Colorado Catholic of Denver has just published a new work from the pen of that gilted author and controversalist. Rev. L. A. Lambert, L. L. D.. The new work is composed of the series of letters which were published during the year in the New York Telegram in answer to Colonel Ingersoll, the notorious infidel. The letters w'ere copyrighted by Mr. James Gordon Bennett, of the New York Herald, who has transferred his rights to the Colorado Catholic, from w'hose press they have just been issued in neat book form, under the title, “Father Lambert’s Famous Answers to Colonel Ingersoll.” The book will be mailed free on. receipt of price: paper, 25 cents; cloth, 50 cents. Ask your bookseller for it. How Skillful Swindlers Take Advantagrc of Uncle Sam. It is a delicate operation to split a bank note edgewise, but there are rogues who do it as easily as they conld slice a cheese. It has been practiced in Fúáneé ah*l South American’ states several years, and the men who do this •vork in the United States are half again as skillful as the foreigners from whom they fii*st learned the trick. Officers of the Bank of England had always held that no one was skillful enough to split one of their bank notes. American currenc3' splitters can divide the British bank note as ciasily and as equally a.s they can lay open one of this country’s issue. These clever rascals commonly use $5 and $50 bills, which are split edgewise. Then they manipulate them in this way:    The    front of the $5 bill is deftly fastened to the back of the $.50 and the back of the note of the smaller denomination to the face of the larger one. When that is ac*x>mplished the maker u^ha^ Ivvó $50 bills that will pass current almost anywhere.' In working off these split notes the shower forces the $50 of each note on the victim, who rarely thinks it ne<^essary to examine the other side. lie scans the side exposííd to him by the trickster and of course accepts it as genuine. By this device the splitter clears a profit of $45 on every two bank notes he works off. The work of splitting is done with a machine, which is manufactured in England. It consists* of a burni.shed soli*l steel roller, two inches In diameter, hanging over a smooth plate of the same metal. The roller’s ends rest in slotted uprights, and it may be raised or lowered infinitesimally by means of screws as fine as those of the finest watch. A main screw, as finely .threaded    others, is turned ‘automatically by cl*)ckwbrk, which stands at the right end of the áteel barrel. Over, the plate, and with the edge un*ier the roller, is firmly "fixed a knife. Its ends art> locked in grooves in tl'angcs on either sitie of the steel bed. The knives are imported from Shef-fiehl, Englaml, b*icause American makt?rs of surgi*»».! instruments are unable to turn out bladtis of the requisite thinness and temper. The blade is a thinl of an inch vvitle, three inches long in the clear and thinner than a hair's breatltli. No lancet has half so keen an edge. Before a bank bill is put^ into the jaws of the machine it is m*atle limp by water ami every taint of *lirt is removed, Then it is drieil between pads of lint, after which it Ls placed between *lt*ep files of the finest calendered paper an*l left pinn*?d in a screvv-press from ,twent3*-four to thirty-six hours. When it cfinies out it looks as bright; cleana' and fresh as a new bank note, and,what is of more importance to the operator, it is almost as stiff as cardboard. Then it is reaily for splitting. One of its ends is io-serted under the roller on the side farthest from the knife. Then the weights of the clock are set going an*l the bright metal roller turns s«> slowly that its motion is scarcely perceptible. As the bank note is worked through its end is met by the knife edge. The knife is set so delicately that it passes exactly through the width of the bill. One-half of the bank note passes above the knife and the other part moves under the blade. The blade IS so delicately set above the plate that there is just space enough to let the half of the bill pass through. The neatness of the tit keeps the bank note taut to the last. An hour is^ required to run a single bank note through the splitter. After being halved the sides are given a gentle steaming to raise the fiber on the cut sides, in order that, when forced together with 2,.500-pound pressure, the threads will knit into a perfect fac-similie of a genuine bank note. Then it is ready for the sucker market. — Cincinnati Commercial Gazette.    _ THE “VEHM GERICHT." A Germau Conclave Whose Justice Was Swift and Sure. This mysterious order was establLshed in the middle ages throughout Germany. Its members numbered several thou.sands, of all ranks and conditions, who were free and honorable men. Solemn and awful oaths bound them to absolute secrecy, and communication was effected by signs known only to the initiated. So far th*iy were much the same as any other of the secret orders. But their peculiar operation was to administer judgment in those rude and barbarous days. Any king, prince, peer or peasant might be summoned to attend their oon*3lave, and woe be to him did he refuse to obey. Beneath the surface of the ground, in dimly lighted caverns, the judges, with masked faces, t*x>k their seats; the other, officials, likewise masked, surrounded them. If the accused person was present, he was adjudged, sentenced, and, if necessary, executed on the spot If he failed to appear after three citations, he was sentenced to d*iath and each member of the court was bound to pursue him to the bitter end of doom. He may be a brother or a father, but none dare warn him of his impending fate. Ho had defied the “Vehm Gericht,” and ho must perforce die, sometimes in his own 05va house. ' As a proof he was not a victim of lawless violence, his property was never touched, and a knife was planted near him in the ground, Charles, Duke of Burgundy, was cited three times just before his *ieath, and failed to appear. An English noble found his bed sinking through the floor of his hotel into the earth, and ho himself bound and held for judgment. Of course, his landlord was a member of the order. And however irregular this course. It helped justice in those cruel days, when might was right and men were serfs. Other courts were «low, uncertain, and difficult of access. This was silent, swift and terrible. It struck once, and had no need to strike again. Escape from its meshes was impossible. The most ounning hider was tracked down in his obscure and distant retreat. And Strang though it may see^ its legal authority as a court of the Holy Roman Empire was extended until the downfall of that empire, in 1806. It continued to exist in Westphalia, Germany, until 181L Then the last mya^ terious shadows of the “Vehm-Qoricht** died utterly away.—^N. Y. Ledger. IN LONDON TOWN. Servants and Flunkeys Who Fatten on American Ulberality. This fear of un*3eirtipping which haunts most Americans abroad is well understood, and I liave seen our countrymen blush as though caught stealing when a flunkey took a sixpence-,, and, l*5oking at it with raised eyebrows, drawled “Thank you,” letting his-glance run from the gift to the donor and back again as tboiTghi l>oth were* curiosities. He would, never think of ■trying his pantomimic impertinence on-an Englishman, especially as- th»e service rendered was not worth financial recognition. In the big London hoteis- like the Metropole and Victoria, which are patronized by wealthy Americans^ servants are sp>oiled, and tipping frotm being a nuisance rises to the *iignity of an abuse. I was told that sonsue of the servants paid two thousan-d! dollaa*»-and their services per annum for the privilege of waiting on the Ameri*sunsi This seemed to me an exaggeration:!,, until oi« evening, while sitting in the* Metvo-<pole with an acquaintance, a lackey came up with two or three letters' on a silver salver. My acquaintance took them and laid a half crown, (sixty-two cents) on the platter. And t he- letters were nothing but tradesmen’s circulars. Taking that as a basis, the volunteered. assistance of the herd of loafer ser-vants who owned privileges on the Yankees,, must have cost him from “ten dollars ujx” as the advertisements say, pen-day. We, of course, traveled third class, corresponding with the American, day coach, and got from Liverpool to* London for about $5. At the latter point we left our luggage, as usual, at the station and hunted around in the si*ie streets off the Strand until we found a hotel that no American had ever previously discovered, paying three shallings (seventy-five cents) for a night’s lodg*-*ng. Our first work the next day was to hunt up r*x>ms. We secured a fine large one, furnished to a point bordering on elegance, containing two- single l>e*is, for $4 per week. It was in Blooras-burg, under the shadow of the British museum, and within easy walking distance of the Strand, the main artery of liondon. W’e at once fell into the English way of having for breakfast a pot of tea, rolls, butter, and boiled eggs, which were furnished on demaind for eight pence and served in our rooms. The other meals were taken out of the house. F*>r lunch we patronize*i the so-called vegetarian restaurants, which in a measure take the pla*ie of American lunch counters. A vege*^^able soup^ an entree of some sort, pastry or stewed fruit, ccifiieo or tea and bread and butter cost lit" ten ponce. Each item 'Was brtted separately, as bread half pennj*, butter same, tea two pence, etc. For dinner we visited some (josey little rcstaxirant w'here the food was clean, well cooked and served, and where the comic and illustrateil papers were supplied. Here we enjijyed a soup, a roast, a s*alad, pastry, dessert, cheese and black coffee, served in courses, for about fifty cents, taking from an hour to an hour and a half for the meal. —Chicago Inter Ocean^j_ ENGLAND AND AMERICA. The Two Xations CloHely Bound la Ties of Frieudsliip. It is difficult to-day to believe that Americans and Englishmen were engaged in actual hostilities within the memory of men still living and that there was talk of war between them less than thirty ye ats ago. * The finaur cial and commercial hearts of the two countries have long been beating with a common pulse and distance has been so annihilated by electricity that the merchants of Liverpool and London, New York and San Francisco may be said to meet daily in one common exchange. The old saying that blood is thicker than water is acquiring a new significance almo st hourly. Every year the social intercourse between the two peoples is becoming more intimate. Americans flock in increasing numbers to the mother country and the English tourist is a common object in every corner of the United States. Representatives of the art, the literature and th« science of the old world and new give an international color to the best society on both sides of the Atlantic, while in the greater worlds of leisure and fashion the communion is constantly growing closer. Intermarriages are becoming m ore and more frequent, each country is quick to adopt the fashions, the habits, the entertainments, the heroes of the other, and every indication points to the final establishment of the brotherhood that ought to prevail among men of the same race, religion, characteristics and instincts. The English in the United States and the Americans in England are mutual pledges of reco nciliation and hostages for the preservation of peace and friendship.—John Ranken Tows, in Chautau-quan. _ DOGS AND CATS. How They Were Valued by the Early En-g;llsh Laws. The worth of dogs is variously estimated; in the tenth century the King’s huckhound Iselng valued at flfteenpence when born, and one pound when fully trained; while “a herd do^ is worth tha best OX, * * » an4 wk<^oever may possess a cur, though it be the king, its value is iourpenc*5?^' Cats, however, are priced without distinction, ther® being probably but one breed, ^or is any extra value set upon t hose favored cats, which, by reason of their royal ownership, enjoyed the daily privilege, a*M3orded them pro verbially, of looking at a king. No matter to what family or place it may belon g, “the worth of a kitten from the night it is kittened until it shall open its eyes, is a legal penny, and from that tima until it shall kill mice, two legal pence,” fourpence being full value of a cat, as of a sh eep, or of a goat. The qualities expected of her are particularly catalogued, and the list of them runs thus:    “To see, to hear, to kill mice, to have her claws entire, to rear and not to devour her kittens, and if she bo bought and bo deficient in any one of those teithl, lot one-third of her worth be returneci.”— All the Year Round. ___ PUNGENT PARAGRAPHS. —CoTu—“You'd m-ake a trusted bank crashier, .Jake.” .lake (in*atfb flattered)— “Whj' so\ dear?” Cora (yawning)—■ “You'd ne-ver ‘skip cKCb.”’^—^N. Y. Herald. —“There are some rich men among the lawyers.” “Well, they jvon’t remain very long rich if they’ ve got among the lawyers. ”—Dorchester B*?acom —“*I>on't you think baby is. like roamrna, George?” asked: Mrs. Honey-ton. •“Yery. He talks all the tiirne but never says auyahing.”—N. Y. Herald. —^“Drawing-Room Inanities.—^She—-“No, *kxi’t sit there, .Mi-. Splosher—-that’s nqr ugly side!” He (wishing to please)—“^Well—*a—really B don’t seo any diflferenee!”—Punch. —Cbttoo is n-ow grown in? Turkestan and! the Russian provinces, of Central Asia, the «gpaantity produced being 31,-6'50;000 pouaadsv or say/80,000» bales, in 1888, and    poinds in 1889. —A Vital Difference. —^Wlckars—“I don’t believe there W much *iifferenoo between genius and insanity.” Vickara —“O, 3res, there is-; a heap. The lunatic is sure of his hoard and clothes.”— Young People. —^‘•‘Mrs. Chinner seems to have a very pleasant time oí iL” “Pleasant time? Why that woman’s life is one *?ompleto roundi of enjoyntient. ’ “It is?'”' “It is that. She belongs to seven sewing circles. —N. Y. Press. —^“^Why are you so silent?”^ she aske*l charmingly. ‘^‘I am collecting my thoughts,” replied Gus de Jay. “You will have a valuable collection.’* “Thanks.” “You know, r*arities aro always highly esteemed.—Washington Star. —Reynard—‘ ‘He *?alled me a coward, a bully and a liar; would you advise mo to fight him?" Axletre<3—“I don’t seo what else you can do; you would probably lose a suit for slander.”—N. Y. Heral*L —Of Coarse.—Mrs. Gazzam—“There-■ooval of an entire tongue has been successfully performed by Philadelphia surgeons, and the patient still lives.” —Gazzam—Certainly. The patient was a man. ”—Detroit Free Press. —Mrs. Youngwife—“Could you tell by my manner that I had been married but a short time?" Mrs. Thirdly—• “Easily.” Mrs. Youngwife—“How?” Mrs. Thirdly—“Well, you seem to believe everything your husband tells you.”—Boston Post. —Beaver—“What have you got a red necktie for, old man? Don’t you know they have gone out?'’ Melton—“Yes, but I am going to a barber shop to get shaved to-daj*.” Beaver—“What’s that g'ot to do w ith your necktie?” Melton— “It’s the only kind I can wear that doesn’t show blood.”—Clothier and Furnisher. —Sniggs (on his deathbed)—“1 should like to see Wiggs before I die.” Mrs. Sniggs—“What do you want to see him for? You know he’s a disreputable character and the wickedest man in town. And besides, dear, you are sure to see him some time on the other side. —Boston Transcript. —Applicant—“I understand that you want a reporter?” Editor—“Yes, I want a man to do verbatim work. Are you a stenographer?” Applicant—“No, sir; but I am a rapid writer. I used to be an actor and have had experience iu writing stage letters.” Editor—“Ah! You’re just the man we want.”—Boston Transcript. —A Sinecure.—A certain physician, who has not got much practice, hired a small colored boy to accompany him in his visits and hold the horse. “How does yer like yer new place?” asked the boy’s mother when he came home on Saturday night. “I likes it fustrato. We neber has to stop at de houses at all ‘like de udder doctors. I jess gits all da ridin’ I wants,” was the reply.—N. Y. Truth. _ A strange Creature. One of the most unfortunate animals in the world is the babakoto, or, as grown up people with lots of time to spare like te call him, the Indris brevi-candatus. I call him unfortunate because he labors under the great disadvantage of resembling a monkey without the chief joy of the monkey’s life— the one that compensates the monkey for his lack of beauty—which, is, in brief, the ability to swing about on trees with his tail. The reason why * the babakoto cannot swing by his tail is that he has no tail worth mentioning, and it is no doubt due to this fact that all the babakoto can do is to sit in a tree and whimper and wail. If you wish to see the babakoto in the full luxury of his woe, you must go to Madagascar, whi ther he has gone to live, to be rid, no doubt, of the saucy apes ol Central Afriea, who are said to have made cutting and uncomplimentary remarks about his caudal shortcomings. —Harper's Young People. The Tourist In Italy. A yearly income of twenty million dollars is a handsome return to get for the trouble of entertaining strangers. This, it is said, represents the amoim^ of gold spent in Italy every year oy touristeand.visitor^ froip for^^n countries. Traveling American millionaires and others contribute about a third of tk® total amount; Englishmen an*i^ others the remainder. The calculation, which is made in a report on Italian trade issued by the British emoassy, probably sufficiefitlv correct, Italy tains this amount of gold over and ^ove Iier earnings ia gthsr 5V6YSJ ^e sojourner in the land is tne only gold mine. Re b certgjnly exploited with a zeal and thoroughness which it would be difficult to surpass. Perhapa the opportunity might be taken to ask that such a profitable customer should bo treated a little more tenderly. Neither Italian hotels nor Italian railways are perfection; nor is Naples quite such a clean city as it might be.—St-James’ Gazette.    , Preposterous. Tailor—I’ve come in to collect the bill for your last spring suit, sir. Howell Gibbon—Yes. But I can’% wear that suit another year. Tailor—What’s that got to do with it? Howell Gibbon—How am I going, to pay for it, when I’ve got to get another suit?—Puck.

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