American Catholic Tribune (Newspaper) - July 16, 1892, Cincinnati, Ohio
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VOL VII.CINCINNATI SATURDAY. JULA" 16, 1892
NO 18Cáoüc Educalioial fihibIN THE COI I >1H!A\ EX EOSI riON.
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No sch lol. therefore, i" g «ni whieh Atlempls to educ lie the b“ ly, < r the mi; d. or ti;e C‘/n'cit rtce wiUiout iht* a*a ...f rél:iri“n. l *r man i- D‘n a ’-auhwork of par M»t a '•aiüethií.ir whole and organic, wijn h '.jtririgs froi 1 ííckI, anti whit-b can he devel* op<*l into harmonious coraijleten*—-through vital union with the -Author and End of it^ being.
Kence the Church doe¿ not and *jan lot consent to the exclusion of of religion from any educational pro:* ss. As we live and move and h.iv'e oar being in G*>d, the moral and int< iiectual atmosphere we breathe shoild be fragrant witli the aroma of religion* faith: and the inspiration to goodness and duty, which comes ohi»*fly in early years, an J is imparted witQ most power by a voice made periuasive by an cpen and enlight enel mind, should be received in the school room as well as in the home and in the houoC of w'orship. To forbid the teacher who holds the chi d's attention during those years wben aspiration is purest, when ^oo-» jrence ¿peaks most clearly, when reverence is most natural, when belief in the heroic and godlike is most «spontaneous, to appeal to his pupil’s religious nature, and thereby to strive to ¿.Wkken in them a keener sense of the divine, a more living conscious-ces^ of the sacrcdne¿¿ and worth of life; is to reprc'-s ia him precisely that form of activity which is most salutary and most helpful from an ed&cadonai point of view. What is cdtcation worth if the spiritual side •of Hir nature be permitted to He dormant? if the sense of modesty an*, parity, of single-mindedness and reverence, of faithfulness and diligence, of obedience and love, be not called forth? What kind of educa-tioi can be given by the teacher who may not speak of the evil of sin, of the harm wrought by vanity, jeal-ou*y. envy, cow’ardice, hatred, and vtt garity of thought and word? If he be forbidden to enter the inner life of man, how' shall his soul ever be brought into contact with the souls of his pupils? lie becomes a m^ebine, and his living personality, in which consists his power to edu* -cate. I* condemned to inaction*
When our common school system xras finally organized as exclusively .--CK alar, nothing wa* left for Catho-».'ks to do but to build and maintain of their own, in which the xirii, the heart, and the conscience, ;m zpell as the intellect, should be ed-woatod. If Catholic children have a Tight to a Catholic education it foK lo*vs that the duty devolves upon CatboUcs to provide the means whereby it may be received; and the •Cstholica cf the United State» have accepted the task thus imposed with a spirit of generous self sacrifice ^hich i« above all praise. They have ^Ut tnree thousand and five bundled parochial fichoola, in which «aven hundred tbousand Catholic okildfen now receive a Christian ed« otatiom They have also establishad 411 d maintained a large number oi naiversitles, seminaries, colleges, ^ademfes, reformatories, and asy-ÉwaiM, in which religfou* is marie to
inte» p» nvir-itrt all the proees»e» of i Tirlfirt- rind irainig. The develop*
<»f lhi< Catholic ediicatio al »y>tem i? carried on from yea»* to \ear M ith increa-íine zeal and energy. The be-j niting-» were difficult; prng-is n<*w coniparativtdy essy. Wh.al li is done «hows us not
only what we have still todo, but give- '■ iiHdeiut* that w<‘ sh.all be .able t'» ilo it. 'riie people take in inter* -t in the work imt less earnest th.an that ot the bi.shops afol priests, wliil-* the te.ieliing order.-» make .almo-.: >uf>erli imm efTorls t > mer't 1 e e\er gnuvini: demau’s tor their rviee-. d’be in«lisj*en'ab!e ii e*l of leliiri” is -chools. whii-li tiiirty or i<in v y* ars a_ro w as |*roelaimed by bui a ffW. i- now e »nee«led by a I C.aihrtiie-. 'J'oe utl«*rances oi Pius IX and Le*' XIII. mu this subjei-t have n<* unet riaic s.niinJ: an i the bi>hops ot the Calliolic world, in p.astoraIs anrl inco.incils hav<- raised ilieir v«'iet-s, m with that of
ibe visilile I eati i>t ihe <dinr«*h, to
pioclaimthe vii.al :mp**rl.ant*e,wi etli-f r from a religion- <0 a -fieial i*oint ■ *t view, «if thoneighly Christian s hoo!-. 'r* ev deel re toat a p .rely iilar educan n i- a ba<l educatirni; iliat if our civili/.a ion is t-» remain Chi isiian. oursehoids must rect*gni/.e the pnuc pies ol Chri-tianity. In th* ihir.l B-iUimore Coiiin il, hehi in the zeal (*f the American hie -ar«-hv in the * ;uisc «•; Cailndii- etln-i-aiatii -_¡rh»vveil with greater vv.it mlh than n; any previou.s assemblage of r ur !»i-l; >p-. I'he i-i-gbty pre at* s gat^’cre.i in this national e*»u*icil de-eree tiiai .a par -ehia’ M*hool shall ex^ ist c!o-i to everv’ Cat In lie church, ami that noorditiaty <1 tfi ult'*-!. shall be cnsidi red as an i-.xcuse fbr its non * x’-t*-nce. A p.astor’s serirtiis iiejlecl 10 build a -ciiool i.s deolareti t'.b*- a .sufficient c.iuse for his removal; and itu-y afFirm that il is h bisliop’s duty to provide school- which shall be Catiio'ic, n«n in n.aine alone, but whieh -had be ihonuighly efficient. .\s a means to lb s end, tlie^V would have the |-a-tor n.n-ider hims* If the princip.i! of bis -.eb«»ul. He should vva»! b *>ver il ami mak»- it tbe«d»ject • •f his .-pecial care an«l devotion, d'o e<juip prir-ts more fully for this offiee, the bishop- urge that a course of pedagogic.^ be made part of the curricubim of theological «craiuaries. Caa we make our scliool.s as good as the be-t of the public -cliools? Can we make them ewn iK-iter?
“Can we do this?*’ a-ks IHshop Hennessy, of Dubuque, and he an-.«wers: “If 1 had a voice that w'ouhl resound from New* York to 8anFians rise?, with that voice 1 w’ould aay— We cani’’ He adds: “The parochial school a- it should be, and as it will be, w ill not only guard the fai h of the children an<l transfigure the church of God, but it w ill prove to be the most jH>lent fac or at our aer-vice f«»r the conversion of our be* loved country.” Those who know with w hat earnestneas and zeal the Catholic body of the Unite<l States is enlisted in the cause of Catholic education, will readily understand w’hy the American bisnope have des terrained to have a “Catholic Educational Exhibit” in the “World’s Columbian Exposition.”
Our school system is an organic part of our eocle-iiastical constitution, It rests upon princinles a« wide as human nature, as immortal as Truth. We cannot if we would, we would not if we could, recede from the stind w*e have taken. We hold that the common school system IS radically defective, though we have DO disposition to interfere with those to whom it commends itself. We concede to others, as we demand for ourselves, religious and educa-tionai freedom. Our convictions on this point are unalterable; and since here there is question of vital, temporal and eteroal interests, there can be no compromise wkich conflicts with the principle of religious education.
The Catholic Church is irrevocably committed to the doctrine that education is essentially religious, that purely secular schools give instruction but do not properly educate. The commemoration of the discovery of America, by holding an Expoei* tion which will attract the attention and awaken the interest of the entire world, offers an opportunity such as we cannot hope to nave in our day, or in that of our children, to give public evidence of the work we are doing. In the four hundred years which have flown by since the stars of heaven fiist saw reflected from these shores the white man’s face, beside his white sail, there has been no such occasion for such an advertisement, and when the fifth centenary shall be here there will be no need, we may confidently trust, of special efforts to commend and uphold the cause of religious education. Catholics assuredly have a right to a prominent place in this great celebration. Juan Perez, Isabella and Columbus, to whose lofty views and generous courage the dis-corery of America i« chiefly due, were not only devout Catholics, but they were upheld and strengthened in their great undertaking by reli-^ous zeal and enthusiasm. Their faith was an essential element in the success of their enterprise. There should be no desire to ignore or obscure this fact, even on the part
of the foes of the church, and it is a
duty whicli Catholics ow*e t»» tlie honor of the na-ce they bear to see that the part whicn tiiidr religion played in opening to the Christian nations a new* hemisphere, thereby extending and quickening the forces of civilization through the whole world, shall not be inisunder.stood ->r passeil over in silence at thi.stime, when the eyes of all men turn to America to behold the marvels which liave been wrought here by strong hearts and awakene<l miinls.
To this end the Catholic Educational Exhibit, if rightl}' made, cannot but contribute; and sin e it will be the only distinctively CathoHe teature in the Columbian Exjiosiiioii, every honorable motive shoul-1 impel us to leave nothing undone to make il won by of tlie event commemorated .aiul of our own zeal in the cause of Christian Education. We shall thus place before the eyes of the millions who will visit the Exposition a clear ilenionsiration of the great woik the Cliiireh in the Uniteil Slates is doing to dev-*lop a civ-lization which is in great part the outgrowth of rel gious }»riueiples, and w hich dei*en-ls for its ctmtiuucii existence upon the mor ality which religions faith alone can make strong and emluring. There (-an be little doubt that many are op ¡>ose-l to the Catliolic school system Irom the fact that they have iiex*er given .seri^^s attention to the principles tij»on/w’hieli it rests, or to the ends which it aims to reach. It is the fashion to praise e«luca*tion, and lieiit-e all -leclarc lliemselves favora-Idr to il; but those w*bo love it enoii-rh to make it a matter of
• -I •
thoiighiful and deserevring rneilita-lion are, like the U*vers ot 'fruth, but few. Hut those who do not read seriously <-r think deeply, m.ny he got to open their eyes and look; ami what they .see may arouse i-.tevest and lead to inveslig.ation. 0[)inion rules the w'orld, ami the Catholic Exhibit offers a meanes to help moul 1 opinion on tlie subject of e<l-ucation, which in iiiiporiance is «-♦com! to no other; ami in an age iii which the tendency is to take the -eho *1 from thecoiitrol of the church, to place it iimler that <>f the state in such a way as to w eaken ii.s religioii-characler, nothing w*hich may assist in direcing opinion 10 true views upon this subject may be neglected by those who believe that e-lueation is essentially religious.
'I'he Exhibit will help also to enlighten and stimulate teachers, by diffusii g among them a more real and practical knowledge of the various educational methods^nd appliances. It w ill arouse a new' interest in pedagogics as a science and an art. Wo may easily become victims of the fallacy that a school is Catholic because this adjective is affixed to its name, or because in it prayers are said and catechism is taught. A poor school cannot exert a w'hole-sorae influence of any kind. Idle, inattentive, listless, and unpunctual children wdll not becjme religious, however much they are made to pray and recite catechism. In a truly religious character self-respect, truthfulness, a love of thoroughness and excellence, a disinterested ambition, are as important as a devotional spirit. Where the natural virtues are lacking, the supernatural have DO proper soil in whica to grow. A right school system does not necessarily make a good school.
An educational exhibit will help to impress these and similate truths more vividly upon the minds of educators; it w ill enable a very large number df Catholics to make a general survey of the educational work which the church in the United btates is doing, of which most of us have but a x ery inadequate knowledge; it will bring into juxatposition the met hods and systems of the various Teaching Orders, and will make it possible for all to adopt whatever may be found excellent ia any of them. There will, of course, be no unw'orthy rivalry, no thought ^ of advertisLUg this or that institution or teaching order. The aim is to advance the cause of Catholic educa* tion.We care little where or by whom good work is done; it is enough to know that it is done. In certain instances a bishop will prefer to make a separate exhibit of the work done in his diocese, because he believes that in this way the end will be at* tained more effectually. From a similar motive the Teaching Orders may choose to make collective exhibits of their work; and institutions of learning which stand alone and have an individuality of their own, will avail themselves of this opportunity to offer evidence of the kind of educ ation they give. All our institutions of learning, from the university to the kindergarten, come within the scope of this display of educational work.
The third Plenary Council emphasizes the urgent need of a wider and more thorough training of the priesthood, and it is believed that the theological seminaries will make an exhibit which will be interesting and at the same time a valuable evidence of the progress we are making in fitting our priests for the special and ardu* 008 tasks which this age of unsettled opinions and weak moral convictions imposes upon them. It is not rash to hope that the Catholic Educational Exhibit will awaken new zeal, arouse a more generous spirit of
sacrifice, inspire a deeper enthusiasm, in the cause of Christian Education, which is the cause of our count* y and our religion.
'i’he suggestion has been made that this Exhibit, will offer a favorable opportunity to hold a congress of C’atliolic teachers. The good results to be expected from such a meeting are numerous and manifest. 'I’hose who have paid any attention to the workings ot the associations, whether county, state or national, of the public school teachers, are aware of the stimulating and illumining effect wliicli their discussi- 11s and deliber-ations ]>roduce It is desirable that our Catholic educators should be brought logetUer, that they should b*aru to know and appreciate one another, that they should enlighten ami correct on a another by a comparison of opiuions and experiences.
This, and much else, could be done
in an educational congress. A regret is tdten expressed at the absence of lay action in Catholic affairs. Education is precisely the field in which Catholiti laymen can most rea lily and most efleetively bring their zeal and knowledge to bear upon the living issues and interests of the churcli. 'riiey build and maintain our schooN, and there is no goo<i reason why they should not lake an active part in stimulating them to liiglier efficiency. A certain number of our tea<*bers are of the laity, and their relative proportion will doubtless iiicn*a«e. One need not be a Hrotber or a Sister to be at the head of even the best of Catholic schools, Wliy sliould not the intelligent laymen or women of a parish be invited to visit the school and to examine thi pupils? I'heir presence Wi>uld have a good iiiffuence upon the
children, ami their knowledjre of %
the school woubl enable them to counteract the apathy or opposition of indifferent and foolish iiarents.
Finally, is it not probable that the Catholic Educational Exhibit and the Congress of Catholic 'I'eachers will lead to the founding of a Catholic educational magazine? Catholic newsjiapers w**> liave—too many ot them possibly. Catholic reviews and magazines we abo have; but we have no periodical of any significanee <le-voteil to the cause of C’ltbolic education. 'I’ee establishing of a peri-o lical of this kiiul, with competent eaitors, w'oubl certainly be a safe venture from a tinancial point ol view. We have nearly four thousand schoids, ami the heads of a very large number of them, at least, would take such a magazine, and among its subscribers would be found all the priests who are really interested in education. As an advertising rnediimi it would have special advantages. 'I'he directors of the Catholic University, at Washington, have decided not to have a general review of their own, but might they not consent to edit a purely educational magazine? Or if they do not see their way to this, might not the heads of the University of Georgetown or of Notre Dame be induced to undertake the work? What more interesting subject is there than education? It is a question of life, of religion, of country; it 18 a question of science and art; it is a question of politico, of progi’ess, of civilization; it is a question even of commerce, of production, of wealth. What could be more* instructive than a series of articles on the history of education, on the great teachers and educational reformers, on pedagogics as a science and as an art; on educational methods; on the bearing of psychology upon questions of education; on hygiene in its relations to the health of teachers and pupils; on the educational values of the various branches of knowledge; on personal inffuence as a factor in education; on the best means of forming a true religious character?
An educational magazine would become the organ of the great and growing system of Catholic schools. In its pages the practical and speculative questions which are constantly suggesting themselves to teachers would he discussed, and thus the body of Catholic educators would be brought into active, intelligent comv munion with one another. At all events, to whatever practical results and undertakings the Educational Exhibit may lead, there can be no doubt that its influence will he for good. The bishops and Catholic educators have already shown their great interest and earnestness in the work, and as the time for holding the Exposition draws nearer an in. creasing enthusiasm iu the success of the enterprise will manifest itself. The general expenses of the manager and his secretaries will be borne oy the prelates; but it is well to call the attention of all true friends of Catholic education that the more money we have, the more creditable and effective will the Exhibit be made, and we confidently believe
that an appeal to tne priests and Catholic laymen of the United States will place in the hands of those who have control of the enten prise a sufficient sum to make the Catholic Educational Exhibit in the World’s Colombian Exposition a memorable event in the history of religious education.J. L. SrALDING.
THE CATFISH TAVERN SCARE.
How a Party of Colleipo Hoy» Put Some T.ife Into a Alisslssippl Villagre.
It was the summer vacation of my sophomore year in college that I, with five of my classmates, visited the Scott boys. They lived at Yellow Banks, a quaint old town on the Mississippi river, fifty miles south of Rock Island. In 1849 it was a flourishing place of three thousand souls, and many were the wagon trains that stopped there for supplies before starting across the plains for Pike’s Peak. But those thriving days had fled and at the time we were there the old town numbered scarce five hundred inhabitants. It was full of old ruins, relics of its prosperous days.
We had been there but a few days when time began to lag on our hands.
“I’ll tell 3*ou what it is, boys,” began -lim Peter.sou, one day when we were retnrning from a swim in the river, “if we don’t stir up some sort of excitement we’ll be fovsils by the time school begins.”
We wi*rt! all agreed on that point and we began to consider the question of creating the desii'ed “stir.” As we left the river and started up-town we passed an old ruin of a hostelry that in years gone by ba-l Ih'cu Known as the Catfish Tavern. It had stood ten anti ess since *<11, rank jimson weeds grew all aroxind it, the windows were gone, and it had the gliastly appearance of a haunted houst*.
“Flere’s magnificent opportunity for a sensatii>n,“ said Rufus Scott, prnnting to the dilapidated old ruin. We wei*e all of the .same mind, but what w’as it to lie?
“If we could only xxnearth some horrible murder of long ago,” said Hob Scott, and then we filed into the Catfish Tavern to discuss the question.
It didn't take long to come to a conclusion. A crowd of sophomores might be stalled on a problem in spherics, but never in misiihief.
That very night we wrote what pur-porte<l to lx‘ the confession of a dying desperatlo in a mining camp in Colorado.
In '.■><■» he hiwl, so the confession said, murdered a man t-n route from the gold fields of California an«l buried him in tlie cellar of the Catfish tavern. Then it wt-nt on and gave the particulars of the crime, including tlie comments of the town marshal, who xvas supix>sed to have sent the confession.
The confession was taken to Sage-town, five miles south, addressed to the pr>stmaster at Yellow Banks, and mailed on the train.
In the meantime we stole an old skeleton out of Dr. Parks’ office, and late at night buried it in the cellar of the old Catfish tavern, where the dying desperado had laid his victim. It was in sandy soil, so we had little difficulty in covering up our tracks.
At noon the following day the diurnal mail arrived. We were all in the combined store and post office, and so were a score of town loafers and old *‘bad-beens.”
The old postmaster—I say old, for there was nothing new in the town— received his letter. He read it and then the confession. He was amazqd. He reread it and then came out and-read it to the crowd. Then there was a stir such as the old town had not seen since the war. Inside half an hour half the town knew all about it, and Sheriff Anderson with a spade, followed by the excited throng, made a bee line for the Catfish tavern.
It was rather dark in the cellar, but in a few minutes he came out with his assistants and exposed to the anxious crowd a lot of human bones. The effect was more than we had bargained for. Some wanted to ring the church bells and call out the entire town. Others favored telegraphing to the,governor, but no one seemed capable of acting. At length Sheriff Andersom directed Walter Scott to go for the coroner.
A jury was called. An inquest was held which lasted three days. Every citizen in the town who had been there in ’50 testified. All remembered something of the mysterious disappearance of a mysterious stranger about that time. It impressed them deeply then and they had always believed a foul murder had been committed in the Catfish tavern which would “out” some day. The skeleton and confession showed they were right.
Well, the verdict was that an un-knowti man had been murdered by an unknown man in 1856 in the Catfish tavern. It stands on the records of the Henderson county court to-day.
The skeleton was taken to the potter’s field and buried. But that very night it was dug up and replaced in Dr. Parks’ office.—Chicago Inter Ocean.
A CLEVER PICKPOCKET.
Tlie Experience of an American Oirl In Paris.
“Interesting adventures have not been numerous in my existence,” Chester remarked from the comer of the sofa, placing a large soft cushion behind her, and crossing her feet comfortably; “but I can tell you one that happened only last summer, and which, I think, Is somewhat out of the ordinary run. We were in Paris at the time. One morning I went alone to my bankers in the Rue - and drew some
money for my sister. As I came out I
recognized Mr. Fairman, who was passing. I bowed, and he immediately joined me, asking if I would allow him to accompany me to my destination, whatever that might be. 1 had known Arthur Fairman slightly for a number ol years, and probably would never have become better acquainted with him had we not met in a foreign land. There seems to be a fraternal feeling between Americans abroad that in many cases would not exist at home. At any rate, I gave him the desired per> mission, and we strolled along, enjoys ing the life and gayety so peculiar to the Paris boulevards. At the Maison D - . where I had expected him to
leave me, he remarked that he would be glad to wait while I tried on several ha^ Must I confess that I was pluming my*^ upon having made something of m oanquest of a formerly indifferent acquaintance? His patience was, angelic, for after three-qnarters of an'
hour he greeted me In the same amiable
manner, and asked me to lunch with him at the Cafe Cambon. Charming man! I reflected a moment, then accepted, as I knew returning home would mean a solitary meal—at the best, a hurried, unsatisfying repast.
“As it was, I had an extremely pleasant time. We secured a table in one of the windows, and Mr. Fairman almost immediatidy inquired if I had ever been to Russia. I think this was our principal topic of conversation. I was surprised to find him such a travelled, cultivated man and so interesting a talker. The lunch was excellent, also the company, and then he bade me adieu at the hotel, I am sure it was with .sincere regret on both sides, particularly as he was about leaving I’aris for London, ami our renewed acquaintance would have to be suspended until we met in New York. My sister returned from a shopxxing expedition later in the afternoon, and I gave her a graphic account of how I spent the morning, concluding, ‘And here is the money you wanted,’ my liand gliding into my pocket. It was empty! My purse had disappeared without a tear in the material to mark its exit. I had not taken it out after leaving the bankers; of that I vv'as almost certain; therefore my pocket must have been picked en route. 1 remembered a crowd of people in the Rue Daunou, which jammed the narrow sidewalks, but Mr. Fairman had been behind me the entire way. Could lie help me I wondered. My sister advised me to write to him at once. I’erhaps we could stop him bcfox'e he left the city.
I ‘looked at the clock; it was striking four. ‘He leaves at six,’ I murmured, hopefully. ‘I will send for liim immediately.’ Then, remembering: ‘But I
don’t know his address. Is it not provoking?’ I went over to the window and gazed absently out. I had been watching passers-by for some time, feeling deeply depresst'd, when suddenly I caught sight of Mr. Fairman hurrying along on the opposite side. What luck! Without a word of explanation to ray sister I ran to the door, down the staircase and into the street. In a few .seconds I had f)V'ertaken him, and while tx'ying to regain my breath managed to tell him of my loss. He was most sympathetic and much distressed over the occurrence.
“ ‘I am mortified at qbt having been able to take better care of you,’ he kept repeating, apologetically; ‘you cannot imagine liow badly 1 f<*el. However, I will go to the police station and report the theft on my way to the depot, so that your interests will be looked after when I am gone.’
“He walked with me back to the hotel entrance, and I gave him a minute description of my pocket-book and its contents, after which he excused himself, as he said he must return to his apartment before going to the train. In spite of his kindly interest, as is usual in such cases, the money was never heard of again.
“A few days ago,” Mrs. Chester continued, drawing a long breath and sitting more erect, “I met Mr. Fairman on Fifth avenue, and stopped to speak to him. ‘How have you been since I saw you last summer in Paris?’ I exclaimed, cordially. He shook my hand rather mechanically, I thought, and seemed somewhat puzzled. ‘Do you know,’ I went on, ‘we never found any trace of that money that was stole»?’ And I added, laughing: ‘We almost accused
you of petty larceny.’
“Mr. Fairman’s face wore an extraordinary expression. ‘Paris? Petty larceny?’ he stammered, looking blankly at me, ‘but, my dear Chester, I have not been abroad for three years!’
“For a moment there was a dead silence, each gazing at the other. ‘Not been abroad?’ I gasped, unbelievingly. ‘But I saw you; I lunched with you.’
“ ‘I can prove an alibi whenever you please,’ Mr. Fairman replied seriously. ‘I spent August and September jvith my sister Carrie in Newport.’
“Then the truth flashed over me. The small differences I had not noticed before became only too clear now. The clever duplicate had traded on his mistaken identity, and had calmly lunched me, and rifled my pocket to pay for the spree. Well, it was a good lunch, but it cost me one thousand francs.”—R. H. McVickar, in Harper’s Bazar.
Venus Armstrong—But these berries are all mashed!
Hairy Deveré (licensed)—Mashed is it? Faith, and why wouldn’t they get mashed when they have had a peep at your eyes?
Venus (coldly and sternly—I will take two l^xes.—Life.
“That man reminds me of a postage stamp.”
“He doesn’t know when he is licked.** —Jury. _
—^The Pennsylania railroad has just made an experimental movement of a through train of forty cars loaded with grain from Chicago to Philadelphia without change of engine or break in the train. The great train is composed of forty grain cars, and each car is loaded to the maximum, containing 06,-000 pounds of com. The weight of the grain alone is 3,640,000 pounds, or nearly 1,200 tons—50,000 bushela The weight of the entire train, including locomotive and caboose is 4,000,000 pounds, and the length of the train ia 1,600 feet. To furnish the power necessary to move this granary ou wheels, the tender of the locomotive must carry 20,000 pounds of eoal and 3,900 gallons of water.
—^Too Bad.—“Hosslekus, what has become of that fine new meerschaum of yours?’* “Broke it accidentally the other day while I was whipping that unruly boy of mine. It dropped out of my pocket and was smashed all to pieces. I wouldn’t have lost that pipe, Throckmorton, for fifty dollars.** “What had he been doing?** “The little rascal had been—er—smoking.**— Chicago Tribune.
—All men do not get their desertck Some consider themselves lucky if they get u far as a second course.— ington Star. , _ ^
OF GENERAL INTEREST.
—In 1016 an awful famine raged throughout all Europe, and again from 1193 to 119.5. when complete failures caused terrible suffering. In England and France the people ate the flesh ol dogs and cats, and many cases of cannibalism were recorded. During the latter three years thousands upon thousands perished from starvation.
—It has been shown that the white elm of our bottom lands and groves yields, one year with another, at a very , moderate estimate, too, 329,000 seeds.
I Now, an elm ordinarily lives at least a I full 100 years, and, consequently*, in the - course of that comparatively short life produces nearly 3,000,000 grains, all ' coming from one original seed.
^ —Mr. Samuel P. Avei-y, of New* Y'ork,
has presented to the Aluseum of Natural j History, in that city, a collection of 24C semi-precious stones. These stones are all one inch long, two-thirds of an inch w’ide, flat on the back and oval. They w'ere cut in this uniform manner so that the formeowner could slip them , into a ring and wear them from time to time.
—Bricks made out of plate glass are of very «iiperior quality. A sand ol , iron and glass is forced into a mould under a pi’e.ssure of several thousand , pounds per inch. Tlien the bricks are , subjected to a temperature of 2.TOO de-I grees Fahrenheit, w hich causes the J glass and sand to unite. The bricks are perfectly w*hite and will stand both ■ frost and acid.
i —A little girl at Adairsville, Ga., told j her parents recently that she w^ould not j live long, and that the world w*as all I going w'rong. A few days ago she fell i into a creek and was drow*ned. A pho-1 tographer took a picture of the child,
¡ and w*hile putting the negative in solu-! tion the glass shivered into many pieces.
( Superstitious people there look upon il i as a sign that the world is coming to an I end.
—The aggregate number of men fighting on the Union side in our civil war was 2.778,304. This includes nu
merous soldiers who re-enlisted, from
. one to three times after the expiration i of their first enlistment. New York ’ ranked first among the states, her total being 448,850. Pennsylvania w*as second, Ohio third, Illinois fourth, Indiana .fifth, Massachusetts sixth and Missouri
1 —Helena, Mon., wdll send to the
'Columbian exposition a meteor, discov-.ered near that city. It is composed ol : nickel and magnetic iron and is in twc -pieces of ninety and seventy» pounds re* 'spectively. It is reported that when .found these pieces were in a hole in the ! ground large enough to contain a 'house, from which fact it is inferred ^that the meteor exploded w»hen it -struck the earth.
* —While Edgar Bates, a geologist oi ‘Angola, was prospecting in Jackson -county, Mich., he discovered in a stream
a peculiax'ly marked stone, rudely cut :by a blunt instrument. With the aid of a microscope he was able to decipher fan inscription running to this effect: .“Samuel Bernet; I was taken by the In-.'dians near Sandusky, and I expect never
ito i*each that place. «If my friends 1
am to be burned. April 16, 1809.”
. —A correspondent of Turf and Fields
.'tells of a humming bird that made its nest on the leaf of a palm growing iq^^ •his drawing-room in Trinidad, this being possible from the fact that the windows are open all day. The drawingroom is frequently used, and a tall door 'lamp, which is lighted at night, stands but a few feet from the nest, where th* little visitor sits undisturbed even whil* singing and pianoforte playing are going on. Three tiny eggs had been laid in the nest, one of which was hatched.
A WEDDING FEE.
The Rustle Who Paid Mr. Beecher • Bollar.
Most clergymen can doubtless recall many amusing incidents connected with marriages they have been called upon to perform. While at the west Mr. Beecher was often sent for to marry persons living at a distance from the city, in the half-settled country, sometimes eight or ten miles distant. Among the farmers such weddings were usually in the evening, when the neighbor* in all directions were invited to be present and partake of a most generous and elaborate supper, always expected after the ceremony.
On one occasion the wedding was to take' place at an unusually long diüF tance in the coimtry. It was a very stormy day, with no promise of •any change at night. As lAie ridt^^to the place would be by daylight, Mr. Beecher could reach the house without any very great discomfort.
The log-house was packed with the guests, and after the ceremony Mr. Beecher was urged to remain and par* take with them of the remarkably inviting supper. But it was growing darker and raining very hard, and with the long ride before him he was obliged to decline.
When his horse was brought the ,^oom followed to the door, saying, “Wall, parson, what’s the damage?”
“I trust, none,” said Mr. Beecher, smiling.
“Wall, but wbat do you ax?”
“Oh, whatever you please.”
The man took a roll of bills from hi* pocket and began looking them over, muttering to himself as he took up each bill; “One dollar, three dollars, five dollars; no—^but two dollars.” Over this latter amount he paused a moment, then turning the bills back repeated the same, in a dreamy sort of way, as if uncertain what he ought to do, but at last, leaving one dollar in his hand, he rolled up the others, and putting them in his pocket, handed Mr. Beecher one dollar, sayifi'g: “Will that
“Oh, yes. Good night,” said Mr. Beecher, and mounting his horse rode away.
After a miserable ride of over four hours, too dark to see his way, and obliged to depend on his horse for guid<» ance, he reached home dren<fiied through, paid the dollar for the use of the horse, and said merrily to me* ••Well, I had the fun and a good wetting free.”—Ladles* Home JoumsL ^ ,