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American Catholic Tribune (Newspaper) - January 30, 1892, Cincinnati, Ohio^ nn Renweee nmMtmaá «!>■■>, AreMtaMD ■< Bitffin, St., fto ■#>! 1^. áreWttepi •! OMaMrtt, ■■« MtaitMto. CIm 8t, fthitnm «I Oevlnte^ Cy., MmMhw, fflifiK, fa., ftaawaii. M.. «na    a«»«. \'«»L VI.CINCINNATI SATURDAY. JANUARY 30 18^2 NO 48 .VI. experience» of Catholic Missionaries in Africa. Startling Information gathered from the diaries of resident pri-ests-MOw the unfortunates are tortured and even killed by the stave dealers .irtr -lartiine    eraeuls    hav»- ni.i V at a iiwt tinur of the Afri* «ail í^Kíf’v ('oh*!!» e,    C'ani»n K*    t'H'W hi' inform ition fr *11 ÚH* «lisrH - «»t ''evi-ral r€J*i«?ent t!i!' *n iTi* s. (‘ii ihf «uhjot't O' >la\e V    iht*    u^i.zlU*orha<Hl    of    I.ake r * _;jns :k« Th • f.»Uowin*! areex^ • .(    - T. in ihi- «li>riv-t — “N«»v inWr i; > i i We    U*a'iit    that    M    i- k lirihn h.i" jii-t arriveti with ah<»ul ■ h mti.l -iiM" .at Kiran»!'?, iw«i j .arnev t * llu* south t»f Kari*ni3, »n ilii- tierniMU "plo-n* iif intiuenfe. i it’u r l>r»*niaux viili > I < ut at «míCc f- r Kir.nth', in i»riier, if |»o*>ihle, t<» ^av»- ^ ’Tit* ‘*1 liii-'i* from tlieir uu-hanii' fait. N ‘Vtinuer    Father lir.i I .i’4\ h.a- ’vi-l ret irnvl. lie > 1 ! i:; liheraiiira or huyino jiixiy-' :*e |<r '‘Uu r-. "real IJT3 I t>f their*' o* . j»a !"i - Cave    r It Kimn.lo, :i! 1 a 'jttai many more will prchahlv    them.    1    he :ni-sii»narv retaiv* »!—p-rtly r ni th«-^lav« > vk'h »iij I ii.i.J fiet-tl, .ani j<ail-iy fr*»iii ihi^- }■• ..t ie‘J tin* € xjK'tliiioii —‘riohtfnl li. tai - «C the crueliit'' iu’ Hi It .I h Mankiituh i - wi!«l h >nle-. l>:irinp: the ni ir imiiniX exi>eii¡lion> ii: Maranj 1 aiel K’./aIi innumerah’e n tti\e- were ki *l When Mai.ku-tu >1 -vt «Ml' Mi) hi- march hack he w:-h**«i t-> get ri'i **t all tho-e vt h * 'ni;rf,t h\^e iiiij.e le>i the man h; an-1 cxt    iiu    n?t**re, i *• h.a«l z gr« at i»f ca|*tives, <J«1 wonu*n ami i ’*[>• eii‘l«!it*n. 'lr«'%vTie.i. I'iie c.ara-\ ati wa* n*»vr to a«ivan«-e with greate 1 a-«te, Cat a ia-ir*' i nmher of » apt've--a li • wt-re c *iiif»leteiv exiiau-te l F*»n^neii a fr» -h liindranee. M t «»f wiiioh *»ne f .an form i-.:>    Fnr*[''. lb!:c*er..«i. A M'_:m an I vrhio )»elongt-.l t** the « xpe-»iiti«.:) .a--iir*«l    n-    '] t‘    il-iily    ivn. lw»*r)tv, t’UTtv    anti    , \ e*i    lifiv    ut-r. kilii .i- I'i -¡.itt* *•:' I i- ah..11' _.»'0 •:iol ir‘ ‘i --I iv - a'i‘v*-*i a*. Ivirainh». 1 '.:ii I». Cfiut* r: .\ i't >:• i.i- arr.v*-i fr.'in K'ran h‘. hrinjri j l**rly ehi; N r« ii. whom F.iti er I -'Mianx i .ie* - .rr ♦ 1. 'I'liey arc a i;"- !:    ««I    aU '<»rt- .‘f huma    in‘-« ry;    e\ n    tii -e w!i.. ap;» t«» Ik* h«    » tl»y    h.ive huri - fUt lin ir arm- «*i*i    wl.ii    !i    iht-y r. ' vite a- a p.ini-iiment f.*r '■unu' • 1. il «.rhM.-t* Our Ml    i- 1 irnt.*»i int«» .a iM'^pilah i»ul it i- « vi ritfiil a great iiumhcr w ll -ouii the. Ti)o?»e «lrea«lful >lalcintnt.' arc C''!-finne«l hv rc|M.rl.*í from l'*e nii-'S’.'-narv -»at*on at Malpa, on the 'vrest''m -k re of T ini a lyki, whence \ m'--h>ii;iry write' '«n the 8th Sep., I' * Three íiayí»’ journey from here T>n the frontier o i lribe« wlio rec^jg-n\7.e the ruie of Cajitain JouWrt, is the camp of a Me.stizo who make' a tiesert oí the country. The native chiefs who called kim info his country became his tirst vie* lit»; and wa- taken He succeeded in e.s* aping. an«l look refi Mge with as,but hi' wives and children are in the hands of the Mestizo. Tlie s ave hunter, who i.' ai ie«i f>y brigand- fr**m the neÍ2rhb*>rh* .«»«i of Kerema, ha- cau2rh' l!*!- year between l,5ou and    slav* Sept 2 1: Caj*t. J. ii)*rrt -t rt f r fifty of our pei'iple to Mipp.*rt I iivi in tlie defense of his stati >n aju-i si Arahi tn siave-huutiT', Th* V « a ig h in«lre«l« of slave-, an<l havck . t 1 a \ crv great numlu r, an«l r::i i then \ ’IIages. Tlii- «le-crij.ti‘M. !-    «    •iifirme! ov .t 1 Iter fr«Mij F.*i; J- t, dai«*.I lanii.arv ‘*:h,    fr^*:) Iva'^ iii ».    w)¡ • -’.I' - th'1    '    -hiN.    hui)’* r MikiinU h* K 1 . !...!» i.*-' ■ i-rh t 1 r    i    .    ■    .    \    y    .. f ■ • :i T • • I - li. in -    *    I".    ! i    T..    .    ..f    !    t    .    :THE COLORED CATHOLICS. [(;ALVE.^T0N NEWS.] . V A- ; ’    .b    5    -ff*    ': V . '.    -■    '    .    ..    V    Í*    :    -M.i f. ■ bg    i    -• V .1 r o - V. .i . h '.I i ar,!; .    r*    * i I - t-mm-u. Wa-:- 1 ■i iv '‘uiri'j't-r, *<-ver:tiid «ly-cnt. ry, LIm V ^ Tí' -helterc«l i*i iiuls wi. **hi 1ÍI *r*lv 1    n<> pr- l'M-tion what ver a^rf.r.'t t ic weather. Father i)ro-’fji.kUX t«>i«I the writer IjC -t*en pri.*K>ners in a ro«*tIe-s Imf, whilst n« vt ¡to It the ma'terV goals had a V K.f ijver their bea«ls. Kvery morn-ing corp'f s were dragged out of caeh but an*l iLr'.w n to the hyenas. During the long march through Marunga when a slave was too erhau'ted to follow the caravan they killed him with cudgels.    The poor children 'cue«i were    placed in s{>ecial wards. “As sron AS I enter,” says Father -Josset, “ihey stretch out their thin little arms toward me, and say, ‘good Father, we have suffered much hunger.’ Fifteen of them have died aireadV in spite of the ^eat care be «toweU on them in nursing.” PiiiijxDELriiiA, Pa , Jan. 5tb.— (Special)—The Colored Catholics of America met h re to ay in congress. This IS the third ami most large y attended meeting tver held by the Colored ^Catholics. It is a repre -entative assc*m lage, including many oi the brainiest men of the colored race. Many of the digni-tiric- of the church are present J he M St Reverend Arc ibishop Kvan the «lio e-e of Philadelphia ati«l many olhe; bishops ami mem-ht-r- I tlie t'ailn li cler y are attentive j zeTs on the work of their col «,»re«l brethren. hailier August Tol-t*Mi. the coloreil priest ordained in 1X"«5 at the Profrigan-la at Rome, ami Father C arles R. Uncles, a c«jh re«l pr e-t, the first, by the way, e\cr ordained iu America, are here Dani I A. Rmld, e«litor of the Amer icaii Calhol c rribuue, of Cincinnati, one of the biaioi st colored men ni America, is the sdeiit force behind the throne Kvery city in the north is repriseiited aud it is truly a revelation to Prote-tant minds lo se<* what a pi)Werful following the Roman Catholic Cburc i bos among the nu*re iiitelligenl members of the laee. Aimuig the conspicuons lights of k'athulicily i- Hon. W. K. Kasloa of t*.ilve>i«>p. He is here repre-entinir the Colored ( atholic work fioni a -iMithern standpoint,and if ihe signs c It be r a«l aright, one of the principal w«.rks that will be undertaken tfV thi-coiigre-s will be the n*« om-mcmlatn*!! Itir the establishment of an imlu-lrial and mechanical .school at (Talve«t«»u. 'Ui.c niovciin nt is very popluar w ith the dik^g.ites an I clergy at-t«*n-li’ g lint congrc.-s, ainl should I-iahc-toii get It It will be but another evidence of the supeiior ttlr.n i ons <iaive>toii offers to great ontt-rpri-e-. Ti'r foil 'wing is the full text of .Mr. Ki-toiik- speech, which re-ceivcil with great apj 1 iiise* ‘•-Mr. Pre-nlcnl, Ih'vereinl (iciille-iin n :i?i«l Fellow Delegate.: It is my plea-ure a- a «ielegaie l*« the thiru con gres- of the c«»lore«l Catholic.s of America to ad«i?es- you Uoday in the behalf id the spiritual ami teni|K>ral Welfare *d «Mir pe«»ple in the .soiith-laii»l, and c.'pecially am 1 here to-d/*y t > r« ].rc-enl Cathoiic interest as they aricct the ce>l«jre«l u an in tin- greui slat* 'I'exas. 'l*he gnat Caih lie cfuirch, receiving he.- uiithoriiy ir ni l*« r«iivine hca«l and lraiismittc«l t« II- ihr««iighour holy father, tin* i>opc, fioisi tiic tir-l ages «)! Christianity acU:atc«l by a thorough appreciation «•t the lcachi> gs «>i Cliristianity, Catholicity aa«l humani'.y, has been iir-t in taking ste,jS toward the anieii«*raii«»n of the temporal c«>n- • iuiuii of the hu'uan race. The giorioUa record of the C'atholic church in the interest of the rights of men, and in the interest of all that affects for its batlerment moral purity and religious life, are too well koown to those who desire to know, too well known to every Catholic pre-cnt, to require from my feeble ¡iower.s any e.xt-atiation. The noble efforts of that exalted churshman, of that amiable humanitarian, of that able exi>onent of the intentó and purpose of our holy church, Carcnnal Lzvigerie, in endeavoring to abobsh the fearful results of the African slave trade and disseminating through the all but impenetrable ghxmi of darkest Africa the benefici-ent influence ol Cnrislian light, and th«jse di-interesied and sainted w'o-men who have detlicaled their lives to alleviate the suffering of all mankind irrespective of race or religious btl e% iu 8 >readiiig gospel truth among our African ancestors, have alrv.-nly received the unqualified ad-miraii«m of man .and the ble.ssinga <d the Ma-ter. Thus the missionary Work <«f the U ilholic church has not Im'cí l>y ihe bouiidar e' of • n* ««•uiiircut, and the propag.atioii «d Cat!;,- ii.Hirinc I'las nt more t- n • d-'ru«tcd in its pit*gre-sive ! I '. ‘.y i!n* icy barri rs of the • M ..    ii    ..:.* i!f iM it has been ? i' ' i .r. 1 .1 t'd up iiv tin* heat • ■    : ;    * j ¡ i»..i i «1 fcgn.ri 'I J..* Ron an C'atho'ic church ha-In wll I • :.ii-iakc*'. .’^hc l»a> lnvari.ably bee.I riglil on the great labor «piesti« n. MIC w.i- and is still tnipbatically r gill iu her vicw> of the h«>rrors of -livcry, ami unqestionably .sh« is corn*. I on the temperance «piestion. Ami to day let us, men of color, rt pn-senuitives of a race who are yet to receive in all justice their just due**, let us congratulate ourselves •n one fact that at last our church, the church of our love, of our faith and hope for salvation is at least timing her kind and lieneficent eyes in the direction of the A3IERIC-\N BROTHER IN BLACK. Not that the Roman Catholic church has ever disregarded her duty in this direction, but she is at last receiving encouragement for her labor, and as this intelligent body of men proves, she is receiving in her noble work the indorsement and assistance of colored men of brain, men who are bright lights in all of the great intellectual walks of life, men who dare attempt sue ess in medicine, law, journalism, poliiics and art, aud proclaim at the same time, as the proudest title of man, lo h retical ignorance aud bigoted intelligence, “I am a Reman Catholic,” Let ihe American negro remember in the darkest days of slavery, when his life w'as one of helpless t«»il and ignorance, when from early morn to dewy eve, from the rising to the setting of the sun, it was plod, delve and strain for the master’s we. 1th and for the master’s co ufort; wiieu the slave was ranked with the stupid ox and the patient horse; when the line of demarkation was so hiTfhlv drawm manhood was a’one the exalted title ot tiie whites, theie was at least one place above the ground w’bere master and slave could meet tm terms of perfect equulity— it the communion rail of the holy Catholic church. And best of all, that sacred place still remains uuchunged by tune a. d unpolluted by racial prejudne. Before the Catholic abar the better judgment of men prevails, ami kindlier touch of humanity .smoothes out the wrinkled front of hardier thought acd action. And thank God, gentlemeti, the race in the south, aye throughout the union, are last learning to com-jireliend in the r iieces ities, the iiivine teaciiiugs of a churca which is «. vei ready to extend them tempi >ral, as well as spiritual, aids. Tc-day the south, the sunny south, w’ltn its bounteous gir«s of nature, where the or.aiige blossom, magnolia aud oleainler mingle their ]>erluine with iLie iiusy .atmosphere «>f great ugri-cultural li e, when* tlie Heecy cotton ami g«>hleii corn barely tremble iu the soil zephyrs of the morning breeze and all mature smiles her swecte t smiles and spe.aks in her tenderesl tones, th: t j.rcat mon^t■2^, race haire«l, has placed its awful seal. 'Uo the hl.ack sons and daughterr« of the south it says, in the l.aiigiiuge of the inqiatient Canute of ohl: “So far shall thou go ami no fart, er.” In every walk of life, in every path that leads lo tuerchanical ami gre.^tness, this sentence,s thunder reveibarates upon the air. Shall ¡I alw'ay-« be .so? Politicians inlerineildling has rather aggravated th«- negro, but direct war on this prejudice has failed of effect and partv measures are cast in t.he mold of public Opinion, lu his hclpless-nes**, w’here shall he turn f*>r aitl? For over twenty-five years he dwelt in the sacred precincts of education; for twenty-five years f»e built his granaries an«l filie 1 them with this w’orl.i’s goo«ls; for twenty five years he has been te:ich* ing his «'hihlren a citizen’s duly and a citizen’s rights, ami lo-Jay iiew' laws proscribing h s h oliest ambitions are r.ipi dy multiplying. Where sh.all he turn for aid in his I reusing nec«“Sftities but to that church whicd recognizes hut onestaudanl of of niinh )od, viz : viriue and intelligence. I will now, Mr. President, tell you somethii’g about the Catholic work in Galveston, the most liberal, progressing and enterprising city iu the entire southlaml. We have a school for colored youths in Galveston, conducted by those noble sicters of the Dominican oraer. InHouslooand San Antonio w'e also have schools, and at Independence, in Washington county, we nave an orphanage. The scuools are no higher than what is commonly called the high grammar grade. A child of average intelligence enters these schools, say at 8 years of age, has finished the prescribed course of study at the age of 15 years; at that age w hen the ambitious ch ild is thrist-ing for knowledge and its parents are in condition to see to its further education, for ma> k you, education in the south means a respectable place in our separate school system as a teacher. A position of this kind pays from to 875 per m >nth employing in Texas alone 2200 col-oreil teachers. The p.arents who can not afford lo scml their children north are force«l to send them to some denominational college, conducted either by the Congregational, Baptists or Melho«li>ts, vvl ere the ehiblr«*n .an* at a tender ami impressionable ago, l.'irgeiy by the potent iniinem*e t»f examjde I'«I dcsir “to get a'ong,” run a risk of losing what should be most «L ar t«> them. There is only one way to av'oul tlii.s d.anger, and that is to e.stablish iu d’, where the Catholie w'ui k is so gloriously progressing A CATHOLIC ACADEMY or college, which will comprehend in its course of .study the education of the head, band and heart, of the youth of the race—a sehcol in fact that will furnish a mechanical training as well as furnish the merely j>olite classics. A school whose departments will include the sewing room for girls and the skilled mechanic arts for our boys. The establishment of a school of this class in the south, located ata no more exceptional city than Galveston, Texas, is the most serious need of the hour, if we cculd hope to continue succefsfully' the great work of building up a Catholie population among tne colored race in the southwest. As far as their capabilities extend, and our white Catholic brethem of Texas are not all persons of ample means, the white Catholios have gone to work as generously as their means woulc al ow, to aid he r«ce in their efforts We have in Galve-ton, a beantifu little church, the Holy Rosary church dedicated entirely to missionary work among our people. This This church adjoins a comfortable two story building. This church, n ark you, was built for the color; d Cathd'cq eat rely st thtir lepest and is irequeiited as much so by the white parishioners as it isby the col-oied. Rev. P. L. Keller is tne paste r of this church and he will y-t live to see hien,^'’J.e cfforti^-W^ied'with tte most abiindar«t mic« ess. We have also «rganized quite r€*cently as a church auxiliary a society whose primary object is to promote the social, fiien<ily and re igious interest fo association between Catholic men of color, the Benevolent Catholic KnightH. This society now numbers twenty tiiree and we propose, as the supreme council, as we strengthen with age and numbers, to issue charters to branch assemblies through out the iiiiton, and by ikis means more ihoroughly uni e the colored Catholic.s of the c oiintry. We have also among the women of the race the St. Elizabeth soc'ety, nhich is tak'ng no small part in Catholic chuixu work among our people. 1 have spoken more particulai ly of the church work of the dioci s í of Gal vest .n, first because 1 have the honor to represent more particularly the church work of that diocese in your congres.s, secondly because Galveston, being the place of residence of our reveiend bi^hop. Right, Re^. N. A GaJIag«*r, owung to his presence and Ins eaniesi endeavor, Gah'eston shows more encouragingly the lesull of the work. The state has .a normal irabiiug school at Prairie V’’iew, Tex., the Congregationaiist has Til oison in* stitute, tit Auslin; the American Methodi^t Episcopal chur- h has its Paul Quinn colicué at Waco; the Methodist Episcopal church, Wily university at Marsh.all, the Baplisl chinch one university and several acadamic*s, i horougtily equipping their young men i'roni a denomin* aiional siandpoint with higher edu-Catii). . l..ei the Catholic church direct h. r torces toward th • in lustrial and mechanical t!:nnin*< of colored youth in the sou li tbst the work so well begin;, ;vill b well compíeie<¡. Let the Catholic church which has .always been lirst in extending a heljiing haiul to tfe i.eNly, in raising up the humble ami rebuking the proud; the chnrcli that to*day is so actively eng.aged in taking the gyves ami shackles from nick and limbs of your poor benighted African brclh* reii; tlie church that has a deeper :iiid more sublime bre.adth of hnmaui ity than all other churches combined whose «logmas are iriith, whose worship of Go«l compreliends the true essence of faith, love and charity, le^lhat church but take the initi.a* live in this great soullicrn work, in the very heart of the south, and gratitude, the strongest characteristic of a dow’ii trodden people will make that people knock at her doors for admission, craving for a knowledge of that Christian ethics, which teaches the sublime quality of charity. DISCRIMINATION AGAINST COLOR. The other day we called attention to the drawing of the color line in Washington, and since then a mem. oer of ihe Herald staff has more than confirmed, by personal observai tion, all that we said. There has grown up in Washington and in Baltimore, and to some slight extent in New Yurk, a habit of social discrimination against the colored people, which tnats them as if ihey were still in a state of slavery, and had no social rights in common with other American citizens. The social lines with reference to colore<l men ami women in Boston ami Philadelphia and other great northern cities are quite distinctly opposed to tlie customs w hich La c Leen cxieiided to a veiy lew c ties along ihc bonier between the northcra and the soutlicrn states. Ill the South, where the two r.aces arc oblige«l to work «*ut their divergent interests and iiistincls uii' der a common eitizeiishij , and w here the so id.arity of eaeh race asseits it elf with a < cr aiii eloniental power, it has seemed e.\pe«.iient to estallish separate schouls an 1 se|)arate church es and separate social ci»’cles; but the idea is that, in the« ourae ot time, with certain racial distinctions, the the two races wdll blend into a com-* mon citizenship, and w'ork togeiher in politics and education and religion, colored men counting for what they are worth as individuals, and obtain* ing such social and personal dis' tinction as they are entitled to. At Washington, where 85,000 colored people are free American citizens, and whf re every element of Democratic life in the whole country is repre* sented, and where the typical Ameri-ca.. civilization should find its full expression, the colored people are in almost as great civil and social disa« bilities as the Roman Catholics were in England before tbe passage of the reform bill in 1832. They are a proscribed class, driven out of restaurants and barber shops and public places, and excluded strictly from public life, solely on account of tbeir color. In the theatres and in the churches they may not fare quite so badly, but it makes an Americ«n blush with shame to learn that the people of color at Washington, who are cultivated and wealthy, are treated as if tber were still in slavery, and are denied a large portion of the common nrivi-leges which belong to them as American citizens. l’o*day, iiiBalii. more, it is stated that blackjmen and women are not even served at drug st res if it is pos».ble to refuse them, and the horse cars are not at their service uuloss they insi t upon these rights. "Before the War even Philadelphia rt fused to allow colored jieojile to ride in tbe horse cars, but liisnop Bnxiks, then tlie rector of a church in that city, began a, crusade against that form of social disurimi-iiatioii aud broke it up. If we are rigli ly informed, it would be a good thing if Bishop Brooks could go to Washington an«i put to shame the no.theru people who largely give tone a-jd character to Washington life, and make them realize that they are treating the colore people pul Lely ij a way which isnotonly not Amer* ican but iinbrotherly and ins ncere. If the Colored people, by their edu' dation an<i nfi e neut, are fitted fo share in our c inmon life, they ought not to be p ac d under the ban by any rel'C of social barbarism. In Europe a man of color, if be were a, would be treated everywhere witri respect. A slight inci-dt*nt in Washington shows tlie keenness Of the s cial discrimination. It is said that tbe Pennsylvania rails road restaurant is the only puLi'c place in^ton w’here a c« l>red man can obtain any thing to eat. Recently they were excluded even f rom, and the son of Hon. Fred* erick Douglass and wife, happening to be at the station, sat duwn to the table for supper. Presently they found thersselves hidden by a screen from other people. Mr, Douglas.s protested that he w’anted more air, and that the s< recn should be re* moved. The order to close the place to colored persons w as read to him. He added that he should present the case to the president of that road and protest against this kind of He did so, and the j r j?ident of the I^ennsyhania road the manliness and courage to rescind the order that denied the coloreil people acce-s to even and first-class restanr-raut in the city. If there were more people in Washington w*ho had tlie courage to recognize in their colored fellowicilizens men and wo}Xi>cn w'ho are their 1 r t’lers aiulsisttrs in tlie sight of God, and their .^equals as Americans, wo cannot help thinking that the AV'tishii gton atmosphere would be sweeter and more Christ-like than it is at present. In Boston we should feel ashamed of such pub* lie discrimination, and the shame ought to be felt as distinctly at Washington as it would be felt here. There is a strong line of demarcation between the African and the Caii-eássian races and this distinction undeniably asserts itself in society and in some of the regulations of life, but when it undertakes to put the stamp of inferiority and servitude upon free American citizens in open public intercourse, it is going too far, and it is the attempt to proscribe colored people in this way that is objected to in Washington usages.NEW YORK. Editor American Catholic Tribune: New York was b’essed witfTTEe presence of Rev. Father Tolton who was a welcome vixitor of Rev. Fatu-er Burke of fcit. Benedict’s. Father To ton visited the Literary Society which was holding its second meeting since November 1891. Father Tolton’s advice to the members was to come to everj’- meeting,when it is possible, to accept the criticisms of the Rev. Father O’Keefe, who u the critic, with the best of feeling, etc. The collection of the previous Sunday was given to Father Tolton for Ids Ciiicag') Mission; the collection amounted to one Imndred and five dollars (-^lOJ.OO.) This literary society of St. Bene* diet’s Church has heretofore been a failure, because the young men of the parihli have been negligent in literary matters. Tiie young w'oiueu are far ahead of the men in their en*' deavor to raise the literary comlition of the race in New York. Mr. W. E. Freeman is a bright, intelligent, energetic young man, and has been fittingly chosen President St. Bene* diet’s Literary Sfciety, ami wdll strive to make the society a good one. Mr. Frederick L. McGee, of St. Paul, was in New York recently and found the atmosptiere somuch milder than that of the West as to seem like Indian Summer. But Mr. McGee must not on that account imagine that we do not havecold days in (jotham. Mr. McGee is a fine specimen of a Western hustler. Law is his occupation, and those who kcow him best say he has a remarka** ble weakness for purchasing corner lots. He came East to attend I the Catholic Comgress and brought' his wife with him. In the social ¡and political life of St. Paul he has niade a posi'tion all his own—Affe.    |    • Kew and Beautiiui CunibmaCluns of Gold and Oaana. White enamel R«ster lUies with jeweled stamens surmount stick pina Hearj chased ring-s for men are flat rather than convex, and the ornament is ineised instead of raised. Knot chased rit-.-js are varied by a stone sunk in the center. The turquoise produces one of the prettiest effects. Friendship rings of twisted wire with a tiny jeweled pansy, forget-me-not. or daisy on top are provided for the holidays. Tiny hearts of enamel, inuoH«tonA or torquoise, pierced by a gold arr«ow, are a pretty and suggestive present as a stick pin. A white enamel apple blossom with the edge of the petals orerlapped with frosted gold and a jeweled center is a new and pretty brooch. The bow-knot grows more and more coquettish. Surmounting a stick pin with a jewel in one of its fluttering folds it a«ids the last touch to the toilet. In gold rings, chased bands, usually with a small i icised border, are intended for children. These usually have a plain disk on top intended for the initial. •Comedy and trasredy appear to bo favorite designs in stick pins. Sometimes they are represented by two hooks in pink shell, and again by a single laughing face pierced by a gold dagger. The latest novelty in bracelets supercedes knife settings, with ornamental forms in which the larger jewels have a cramp setting and the smaller jewels have a gypsy setting. This places them on different planes. No woman was ever known to admit that she had enough of stick pins, which accounts lor the numbers of these pretty trifles brought out for the holidays and destined to add to the gayety and convenience of half the population. One of the prettiest of the holiday sights are the rings intended as gifts to children. Flower rings take the lead, the forget-me-not and the daisy being the most prominent. A pretty variation of the daisy ring has the petals in flne gold wirii. The moonstone leads in point of beauty in children’s rings. A pretty instance was two small moonstones set high; on each side and between them were small rubies in gypsy settings. A crescent moonstone set with its lower horn turned up in combination with small rubies set above, is another pretty design. < The rings of secret societies make a broad show about this time of year. The large gold bands with the emblems in covered enamels are really very beautiful aside from their significance. The rings of the Knights of Pythias take the lead. The rings of one order has a calla lily in white enamel modeled and applied.—Jewelers’ Circular. POSTAL CLERKS’ BÜSY DAY. Durintr the II«>lid?ty 'ennoa Government Employes .Are Uurdeiied With Work. Post ortice employes dread to see this season of the year come around. The work of the department is enormously increased. The carriers take out and bring in immense stocks of mail, and the money order clerks have to write at f-ull speed all day long. It is interesting to watch the crowds at the post office, formed into long lines and awaiting turn to reach the windows. So great have the crowds become that a policeman is stationed in the east corridor. He is useful not only keeping the crowds from pushing and crowding and keeping away pickpockets, but instructing those who come to send or receive money. “Yes, we see a great many funny things,” the officer said yesterday as he laughingly shook his head at a man in the line who was grinning at the efforts of a woman to get her money from a pocket in the skirt beneath her dresa ■‘Women are the queerest customers we have to deal with. Of course a great many of tkem are careless and carry their money in a pocketbook in theiz hand, or in an outside jacket pocket, where it usually protrudes as an invitation to the pickpocket to come and take it. But there are many others who conceal their pocket books or purses anywhere a bout their garments and in places where a thief conldn’t get them if he had an hour to look. It puzzles the owners, as you saw there a moment ago, and they dive arouud their apparel in the most helpless fashion—to the delay of others, as a rule. They rarely have their money ready when they ought to, and any number of them have to leave the line, when they are called upon to produce, and retire to some shady corner where they can get at their money unobserved. When they come back they are indignant at having to fall in at the foot of the line again. Asa rule the men know what to do, or if they don’t they need little direction—unless thet’’ are foreigners. But the women frequently have to be shown how to make out a blank half a dozen times and they will ask forty qrvestiona about the simplest things. 'I’bey are not considerate, either; for, unless they are stopped, they will crowd in ahead of everybody. Of ctiurse there are tvo-nien who are self-poSessod and know their business, but they are not in tha majorit3'. Bvit we treat all alike; we have to do it. If we didn’t there would be trouble all the time. With a system we keep everything in hand and tha business of tliose who come here ia really facilitated, although they may grumble at having to wait.”—Chicago JournaL _ F»8hiolial)le Fancier in Mafls. The drum muff of fur does excellent duty as of yore for all utility uses, but for dress purposes are sent out with cloak or bonnet a hundred and one fancy muffs, designed for theater, opera, calling, etc. These muffs are variously shaped and very elaborate. Birds, lace, feathers, ribbons, buckles, galloons and fancy ornaments of cut jet, steel bronze and silver are used in the construction of articles intended less to securs warmth than ornament. However, for special occasions, these trifles, even with the thermometer at zero, are not to be despised. Imagination doubtless keeps out a great deal of oold, and theso little finger-cozies are at least risibls aims at oomfort if they do but littls service. The larger, heavier mu£k ar« certainly best for general and nssfnl wear. — Chicago Post. —A snail has thirty tj*ousand teeth. They are too small to be dangerous ordinarily. but when they are magnified by a microscope scientists have to b« very careful to avoid being tom to pieces. —Carborundrom is a term which has been applied to a manufactured substance intended to take the place of diamond dust and bort in the abrasion of hard substances. It is composed almóst entirely of pure carbon, and its hardness is ten on Mohr’s scale. —To harden tools for engraving, they are heated to whiteness and plunged into sealing wax, w’ithdrawn after an in6t.«».n€‘ and plunged in again, repeating the process until the steel becomes cold. The tool will become almost as hard as a diamond. —The approximate value of the wine crop of France in 18U0 was if8S0,764,000, an increase of S'20,000,000 over 1889; while the land covered by vineyards iu 1890 was estimated at 4,541,300 acr«s, and 4,546,467 acres in 1889, being a decrease in 1890 of 1,107 acres. —Turkey and Persia are now playing an important part in supplying grain to the London, England, markets; on this accovint some authorities expect to see a great revival in the grain productioi. in the old countries between the Levantine and Arabian seas. —Liverpool, England, takes more American cotton than all oth^r ports in the world put together, and Manchester, England takes 19.20 per cent, of all the cotton shipped to LiverpooL It m.inufactures about 3,000,000 bales of cotton annually, being, in fact, the greal-est cotton manufacturing center the world.    ' —Th'B municipal commissioner of Baroda has published a pamphlet in which he advocates the inoculation of the blc od serum of the common weasel as a cure of snake bite. This animal is, he contends, proof against the poison of snal«;e bites, from which it never suffers in the slightest degree, and attacks and kills any snakes it comes across. —The latest and rarest arrival at the zoological gardens in Regent’s park, Londo'Q, is what is considered the only living specimen of the hairy-eared rhinoceros. There are six species of this animal now extant, and Mr. Bartlett, the son of the well-known superintendent of the gardens, believes that he has discovered a seventh in the Island of Borneo, in a region comparatively unknown to zoologists. —All birds seem to have an instinctive knowledge that if they once surrender to the force of the wind and allow themselves to drift like leaves, there are unknown dangers in store for them. They will hardly ever do so except to escape pursuit, and then only for a few minutes, when their pace is so marvelously rapid that, in the case of the land birds, a few minutes is sufficient to cariw them out of the district they knobv^to others from which they will perjijj^ps n^^ver be able to find their way badk to the fields which are their native home.—Science. —The old time ship-builders are indulging in the hope of a revival of «heir industry within the next few years. The shipbuilders of New Bedford are rejoicing over the orders for ^ essels to engage in the trade between our ports on the A4;lantic and on the Pacific.' The shipbuilders of Duluth are pleased with the prospects of activity iw the construction of a big fleet 9Í whalebacks for service on our westeru lakes and on the Atlantic. The outlook for American shipbuilding is mors enc*»uraging than it was a few years ago. — It is said that a new sea is to appear on the maps henceforth, or rather a new name for a part of the old sea. Ths Australian Association for the advancement of science, while considering th^ geographical formation of that portion of the ocean lying west of Australia and Tasmania, and bounded on the other ■ides by New Zealand and the western islands of the Polynesian groups proposed to name it the Tasman sea, and the English admirality has accepted ths suggestion and ordered that the name appear on the admirality charts. T o Prevent Frozen Feet. In cold weather never wear a woolen stocking inside a thin tight shoe. To do it is to invite frozen feet. The wool grows damp and clammy with insensible pei*spiration, the shoe pinches ths blood vessels into sluggish torpor. Betwixt them you have a frozen foot almost before you know it. Much bettei put a thin silk, lisle-thread, or cotton stocking next to the foot, and draw ths woolen one on outside the shoe. With are tics over the stockings you can defy Jack Frost if you are shod like Cinderella herself.—Ladies’ Home JournaL IN A FIELD OF FLAME. A Mastang: Saves the Life of a Settles During a Forest. Fire. An exciting race for life is reported from the mountains back of Santa Monica, says a Los Angeles correspondent, where a brush fire got under way and had been burning fiercely for a couple of days. A young settler named Wilson, who had built himself a cabin in the mountains, was asleep when ths flames reached his house, and was not awakeneil until the fire almost roasted him. When he reached the door he thought his last day had come, for the flames and dense smoke shot up on all sides for several hundred feet, and he could ses DO outlet. He had a tough little mustang. Hs placed a wet blanket over the animal*» heed and body, and the bronco dashed into the flames, and for a quarter of a mile Wilson, more dead than alive, expected his horse to drop dead every step. But the mustang kept his paoe« ■asd dashed into the clear space ahead oi the crackling flames. Wilson thought he was safe, and attempted to slow the mustang up, but the horse understood the situation better than his master^ and, iu spite of Wilson's efforts, dashed on. It was well that he did, for in a feir minutes the fire bounded across the cleared spot and was close on the heela o£ the horse. Wilson was terribly burned about the head and face. The mustang was also badly burned. ’ U

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