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American Catholic Tribune (Newspaper) - January 10, 1892, Cincinnati, Ohio ■ -, X-' 4 / ^ ri » w aerican •i., »• Sost B««. áMUalKipv of OtBctButi. Mi PWiiilpili, Om BI. Sm. Bttfwpi •! OnvtnftDii, tf„ <3olttBi«s, B,, «iiemUt ÜU fHweum. DM., iii tFHMwt«ij IW, VOL VICINCINNATI SATURDAY JANUART 16 IH* 2 NO 47TS&TH RD mmii -I-.»    r    '    T** *'. A ” ~ ' ,-i.    f-1A- T! H ^ I’. -. I j » 'i    ; i -I 1    < '.i!    -    ■    ■ ;    ’ I • 1 • t' .    • J ;i'    !    1 M    ' • •    !».« i \    '    \~ i I . i!Ml • . >•.    Í r t- I .ii'    '.i'’ K    . r ;    M    I    "    i- • • ■ • it* I A ;.' '’’i' I .-■. H :i.» r,u- C*    '.    iN-v    ,Ti>" Í * ' * . *r C'i’.ur ’u *>f St.H.h**Im ' ’ i«' Mi !.N«'W ^* I »rk ♦ ity. ^ t-> I»* I !i t l\‘7. ÍTrirtu». C‘. >.    ot 1' •■':»ur:^.    «    i«*    •*«, 'j :i    wrm    of ( -I » :m HI It”. Withjfi t »• vaocl4i vry V. r •■ A> » A*" ii»‘ «ibop Krsii. Hislit»!» i 'I’' *-. >; NV, miOi^on; ftt*v. < «•*•    (    > Sp.. >xi Piit-ilm tr, anti 1..*.    .1    N    ilin, Re» i*>r »*f the r V .r h. I'ir-m*'!'•»    wa-»    li\ an a i^inentr'i * h’Mr. uu«itT tbc ilire li n «*:    I’rof.    II. P. Murray. At the t’^'Ttoiv PiilM'la’rt “(TauJearau?»'’ V* »- 'uuii    M --H Irv iiii^ and Meftin*. li'-t "iHHit and .1 ack.'on, <»t An-C'-»l*>r»d l ath li - Cnurch, »>: \Va.*lunzt'M>, I). C. ARt HR15 I >f nv A N I* U K! I hVK. IL torr lat* ta-t g ^'.jnd, Anhbi-liHp 11..1*1 aMtond. d liit* a tar and said; “ ia m • own nanit* an<l that of my pr .i?id jM'xpl**. an 1 I m iv say in \    '-    ii^nir* •»:    ai g<* d    t    ijr.ens «if «    v. rv it'»‘n    »ti aa i    deiiouii- T    *-    • ;. I It. i \.*u    wi i--.nn-,    my «í- ar r ;- ii. • .1 t li" ci'N . f -r I iin iC re* «»4t,i7-' tL*-    tliai wrat- •    •    mnv ? n i    t    iwak--    ¡»i - b-*iii*r 1 i/i’'.»’ at!" ui.l    al"--* !4j;iki-    t HM»    b**t- ;•    :;r :.i    t' "”?    t;¡'- > ’-mm ¡¡?i’t}'.    Tin- *    \    ;• , i-ninir lu Ptiilidel \    I    »I:1 ”^«r:i! i. :■• ' •    t-’f rt    -vJirh ' it . -'. 1" 'A    '.iut-r -vH \ •’!jr l iiij- d • »i;    r- -g    . Ill ^ . V    ifi i - \* •i ^    K    <    .    "    ’ii.- >    .-•    :    !■' j «• "i -■ } . -• i r i ;    ”! J •    ; , ln:i;A    d'i • ' r , {¡ ( ■ , ..I .    < f    ^    d * •• ■" l; •    ■    ■ M a 1 - 1 ‘ I    .    -    •    _    .    _    ,    ,    •    ■    ,i    ■    ’, i ■    '    .    . i‘ i-    -"    ‘    '.I-. H't't 1-d Mi--, a Wfirk. whii h liail t«". II eat ah; i"’u« <1 ill one year. He " i d iu* w 1" 1 .«n ill ireiaitd, • ut he-i-'in íil:    ’ • til s I* nnfrv, he ' ’.....1 II r. vea " un-ii r the liurn- ’• _ "H'    ’ Atr.ia. a!', 1 it was there t i’ h ■ ‘I V i’.i|.. :    and flieri"lud a \ t r ill*- . la 1 ruf-e. lie, with iM    i    er nii"S-    .'larie'S,    l a-1 penetra* t    i t;    r-    1 ) \ k C    nen*    a «li-t.iiiee «d t il i - i iirh ", where the jm. id« ) ad Í. \ r ht-;i» t tii w nil of (i i. W * 1 n ithiiij^ I 1 eat .er «lays ir    11    ii r w as .at la^t    appeas«'d hy .    ift    e    i!*»r«'d    lad, w?i    .«^a\e tlieni t «. f i-r* a*l A hicli iü* n‘*ed'*«i for . til" Í. I    \i'.    liiade an iiieilacable V    *1" Le.arl, and tilieii t    ’erminat (in t*) do his . for the colored race >■1 j»rivileges to wdiich I .    . rt* 1    ! under an eiiliglit- . iie.i -yst *ni of civilization. Fat iter (ir fhn >aid that two year’s lal>or as a pastor of a church for colored ( atholics, iu Pittsburg, bad sireDgthene«l his resiiect and esteem for the colored race, and he came to this C’ongTess *o a quire information as to the needs of his p opie, and wiiuld return home more devoted tiian ever to thi • work. H»'V. Thomas Keefe and Ilev. .Jog. Oster also address'd the delegates. The foliowiner « ablegram was for*, wanled to the Pope: ‘•'J'he colored C’atl-olics of the United -‘^twles, assemble*! in Umi-gress in Philadelphia, under the j at-r*»n *ge of Archbishop Kyan, aend ««»r«lial ‘greetings, and pra\ the Holy F'aiher's blesging.” After the appointra rit of commit" tet'> « II permanent organization, cre-<ienti lU and re^olutioos, the Congress i-M.k a recess until d.3o oVlwk in the .ifiernooii. Aktkkniion Skssion. t t t A . i;ui'i»..n 1 %v -j ■■ .. , in.l .1. "O" 1 11 i . H. ma ( with hi ’Sl.iM. s £ ie and • A    ’ li 111    .111, -    .    *    il    "    K’-oii.i. »- ■    i-.-^    I’    ■ : ..It' ■ ” ;.    ■:    \    at-'-l Hi- ji V ] a.ti, and H*- Íf' ».T--    ^ ■■ ■ i" ÍÍ Í .1»-i fi»r ■ % ■ .y :M- ■ .    ■ i %'V*‘T\ I * p -r-’-'. d h* V are i ‘q.i 5.efor»- ii.m ím I tOvv "hall ndii-^ ..    r    ¡n ill*' « h liis .f tiernity. *'2t IS Chrisiisnity thai íkí" «tone " > niuch to ¡iherale tlie r'lave, .and, lb*'" b*re, il is tilling that y*jn should assemble in Hi" church to a**k (Tod’s h -'«jsing up«in your deliI>eratious. •-Voii imw* enj«>y political equality. Tnerv are oth*'r cqialities which every seosib’e man kiijirs must be worked out in G d’s own time. “Many trembled at the Proclatna-t *D Emancipation, even friends of the * «jlored race, beiiev og that the time had not come, but the way bad b«eii preparesi an*1 there were work which consummated that great pr»|e«-t. The colored people acted much better than was expw-cted <if them. They have their la*iltj* but what race ha> not? Fr ra lime immem'*rial they were subjects Í»! siaverv, *ii*i «>ut <»f siicii a condi-ti-*n fierfection cnuld n«»t be looked t-T. “Expect not t »o miu-’a to l»e per-f-.ria«‘.l at onre. A h«'tterment of \--ir    «-HKiiii-in. t - I»-- permau«'in, in .»! <■ -iue graluali_.. “Lie irii-* I <    \-.ur ('iiur.h—be '••il ■ j" l.-r (*hri" e*iiicaliou. 1 i I vf y'mr oil ¡ Idren taught thi* truth" un<i«'riie li-.iie"ty and 1 lyalty • . ih*- G«»\« rnineiil **f tin* c‘»uoiry lu t    in- h-**»'> a" far H" p-»"MÍ»le; if I ;n the san- luary ->f y-»ur honiC", I' d III vour actioii" in the c-H'v«-Liti'tu 1- ■ • »*re b*‘ n«* m<-li\e hut y-»tir a-1-v c cement .an-i \*Mir punii< alion.*’ I'fee Arc’ihi"li-*p tln-n unparle-l the C-o ". 'oial bl‘*">iii'g. Up-'U reas.sembling the Committee ■ *ti Cre ieiitisls r jiorted th(' follow, iiig .a" a * t^rrect list of the dcl-gates. New' York — Washington Parker. K-»b. ii N. Wfunl, Robert .'^imons, N\'i:! II. Harmon, I>r. .1. K. W. rh«*inp".*n. (i«M«rge Hazel. N. w .leiVM'V-—lam« a K lieiij. m u, A ig.i"tii> Ivcw i". P« I;.' "V \ i.’ji.i — l'.W. .1--no", < >"« ar M-hh-'. D.'^. Mali-iiiey, I B. Fietcher, t-ti'rHftli Davis. >. K.G iveiii, I'rank M:t ii! is. p. ,1. .Vugustitie. Wihiam II.    N than C« ! u- .I-»hn I. w - W,.,. .1. Pm - -U .\! n Ca Id, ;* A. l'u’ *rt". Í har.e> P Cikhi', .1. 1 Mi\w* . . Frank l>« i". . , 1». .'s. l'.nrg«"s, '"t. pL- * Da i". A'tliur Ai. -.’I. Mir’ .i. .F I..' n A, NN . 1»l- In . - a ,.Mis^i,    -    -K.    I.    liiiiliii.    .1.    II \e.t , L. ( . \ a’.it. I , 0.1"    .1-    il.Ti    A. > id;. Virginia l»einar-l \V. Fyiell. Ge ! g a — Andrew K IJobiiiHi n. 1' r;.ia- G. W. Pinckney. Minn ".»ta Fred.F. McGhee. J'< \as -W'iiliani K. Kastfiii. Wa?.hingi-in - Dr. Wm. S. Fofloii, Willi" ,1. Smith, .T-din IloUnii. Robt. Cuates, 'J’bomas W. Short, ( liarles H. Rull r, John I. Jackson, William T. Benjamin. B. F. Butler, Thomas W. Spriggs. James William Smith, Wni. H. Smith, Mr. Stewart. Ohio—Dan. A. Kudd. Arkan."as. .Samuel P. Havis. s«>uth Carolina—.Jas. A. Spencer. The following {lermanent officers were elected :    James    A. Spencer, president; Frederick McGhee, vice president; Dr. W. F. Lofton, secre-T. W. Short, assistant secretary; F. Dorsey, treasurer; Robt. Siraon, sergeant at arms. Daniel A. Rudd was unanimously elected a.s National Lecturer. RB.SOI.LTION8 AÜirXEO. IM! < * »N‘.HE" * U N A I. M-Í». .\:i- r tin.- Mx-i" tin- <lel giles w'ere • 4 i‘ -t *gr.tph< <l' the church, and tlo'n I rucee*led to Philoj>atrian Hail w    a tcrap'trary or^aniz.ition was aff'-ctA--!. by the svlection of \Vash-inc’-Hi Parker as Presi*lent, Dr. W. S. f.-.ft »n a> Sccreury, and George Hax-1 and W, F. Amierson as As" HÍ"tani Secrclarie.s. J jiin Majrwell, Presi*lent of St. Pt ter Claver’" Union, warmly wel" ^    the delegates to Phila<ielphia and a fitting response was made by li. ii. Ruffin, of IkistOD. Rev. John E. Burke was introduced and spoke of the great work being done for the colored race in New York city, and urged the im" (K>rlaDce of the education of colored children. Ker. James Nolan. Rector of St. Peter Claver's CHiurch, referred to the prodigiom work of eetablUhiag ^he charch at which the delegates had Charle** H Butler offered the following, which was adopted: Wherea.", We, the repre.-entatives of ihe Ciilored Catholics of tuc United Slates in conveiition assem-hleii, relying upon the wisdom of the Tliir*! Plenary Coun il of Baltimore, which dt'jiared ‘‘Uatholic education for Cathijlic children,” believing -»u sclve< to he obedient members of the Holy Church, are anxious to e..Tii]»ly wit 1 that order, hut find «uirvflves w ill» a condition which we re« k t*> have remove*!. Ke.-ivlved, That we do call the attention of llie Catholics «if Ameriea to tile iinju"t di.-icrimination made again"l <• ilored ehil«ir* n hy reason of liieir c*-lor. with the h*»pe that a healthy seutiment may be aroused iu the iiiier**st of a rla"S of their fellow citizens, who, by rea.son of prejudice of c*ilor, have been deprived of those educational a*lvantage8 which are so freeU' e.xtended to people of every race and eliiiie. Daniel A. Kudd offered the following, w'hich was also adopted : “Resolved, That the colored (Ilatho* lie in Congress assembled in Phila" delphia greet the Apostolate of the Pro s, in "ession in New York, and bid them <íod speed in their noble work.” IiELEGATE RUDD S PAPER. The first paper of the Congress was read by Daniel A. Rudd, editor of the “American Catholic Tribune” on “Our Young Men.” The writer complained that the education of the colored Catholic youth was in complete because of the fact the boys must leave the Catholics schools at the age cf 12 years and receive their labeequent training in ooo-Catholio gcboals, with the frequent remit that tliey become lukewarm or d* ¡ft a vny from the safe guultncoof iheeliur-’h. ‘ The ir-nlesiiien of a ra e,” be .<a»d, “bad iiiueli to do with its develop-ineul, lor tbi" rea.s-m our young men sh*»u *1 be eiieoiirag***! to learn s*»me tra*le suitable to their "trengih, e«»n* din.ill and locality. \vh<‘ther or not ili(*y w.uiit to fol ovv il in after lite. Wlu-M we have iimuhlers, bricklayers meelianies and skilled artisan, in evt-ry hraneli of liiiman imliistry, all e*lu«'atf«! men, then indeed will wc* hav<‘ nia*le sonic a«Ivslices. An organized effort should he made to iii-d (‘e tlie trad«*s unions in the United States t*» inaki* their laws conform 1*1 the spirit and genius of the Declar.atioii of I mlejieiidence and of the Constitution of the United States. It is less than patriotii^ to 8 y tlie least, for one claas of citizens to undertake to draw the line against another class of citizens of a coiiinKin c uiitrr. It warps the soul, dwarfs the achievements of m;i hood, renn ders the Government insecure, and is in it8‘'lf perilous. In ma y parts of the United 8'ates the diflerent branches of trade are orgnnized, and one of llie laws found in their codes discriminates against a class of people who form at least one-sixth of the 1X0 king populatio of this great republic. “In all of their halls and meeting p’aces 3’ou will find uniurled our glorious banner, the Stars and Htrijies. What a travestv on jnstice to stand beneath the folds of the American flsg, claiming its pro-tecti^ n, seeking its benefits and demanding that it be honored, w’hen the very laws that are rt‘ad b neath Its waving beauty make the shining stars that fiecorate it blush with shame Ti a trade union of whatever nature that has upon its books a law f«>rhidding th^ ate -piance of men because ot their c*>mplexion is a menace to American civilizition. and should be frowned upon and stamfied upon until the prejudice is crushed out *>f it.” I )ele¿ates'I'yri-il an*l Kastoii spoke ot the need of having the y*iutli of their respective States given an industria! tr^iiiiiiir, a-d the asse.iihl-a-£e wiN a*l«lres"« (l l;y 'P. .M. Daly, Presi.l nt, ami Marlin I. .1, (íriíün, Se<M«-laiv, (it tli«- Irish ('atholic Bcm v«»I.‘ul Uiii«.ii, w li«> urged lluise { resent t*> fraleriHZe with an 1 hc-e-ime m- inher" *if their <irgainzati«i'i. I'lu- ( iHigr--"»* then a*lj*iuened I*» ni(‘et at li lt-|ia't '.• *» elc-k llri.s imu ii-illkT. AT musical fund HALL. Lecture by Rev Augustus Toiton, the Colored Catholic Pr*est. At the Musical Fund Hall, iu tlij evt-iiing, the delegite" lisleue*! to a leture hy I'atlier Jhjlton. 'Flie audiem-e was eoujposed inostly of w'hile peojile Bo i«les the clei*:;y-men in altemlanee at the Congretus, Arehbish‘»p Ryan, Rev. I). I. McDermott, Rector of St. Mary’s Uhureli, and Itev. Thomas Barry, Rector of the Church of Our I..ady of the Visitation, were pre.sent. The choir of St. l*eter Claver’s Church sang the “Gloria i jf Excelsie,” after which Delegate Ru Jd introduc ed the lecturer, who was given a cordial reception. Father Tolton’s subject was ‘The Catholic Church Is ihc Only True Liberator of Mankind.” He said the (Jhurch recognized no color, as he could prove by his own experience. He then related the story of his life. Born a slave ii^ 1854, he, when 7 years old, escaped with his mother trom their home in Missouri to Quincy, Illinois, although a reward of $201) was offered for their capture, iiead or alive. He was taught the Ten Commandments by his Catholic mothe»', who had never learned to read or write. He w as sent to a school conducted by the Sisters of Notre Dame. The parents of the white pupils threatened to take their children away and wer«s told by the Sisters that toe black boy would remain in any event. He had the same experienee wlien, .some years afterwards, lie was sent by Father M<.-(iurk to study for the priestlioo‘1 at the Fniuciscan (!olege. Tin* students from Missouri rebelled against the admi.ssion of the dark-skinn d youth, but tin* college authorities declared that it was a Catholic ia^titutioll, and, as such, it Could make no distinction as to color. The Students were told to n*turn to Missouri if they desired, but the newcomer would stay. The students did not leave, and at the next examination the colored youth headed his class. From there he went to Rome and studiei for six years in the College of the Propaganda among a large number of candidates for holy orders from every nation, and while there he received nono but the mostcoosid-erate treatment and encouragement until he was ordained a Priest of the Church of Christ. Second Day's Session. Rev. Father Toiton opened the second day’s session of the thid Congreas of Colored Catholic in Philopatrian Hall Monday morning with prayer. President Spencer occupied the chair. Delegate McGhee, of St. Paul, argued in favor of a permanent organization among colored Catholics of the Un-ted States There are, he sai I, ’jif ».() M) colored Catholics in the F’^niun, witli 2.5U societies. Tw) Conventions assembled, eloqu(*nt speech-1 es were made, beautifully written p.apers were rea<l, and delegates re-luriKil hoiiHi to lell their families, n**iglihors and e >mp.anions about the good lime they liai . hut iio pra'Jlial or tangible result had been accomplished. The present general" i-»n of c ilored C’atholics must leave those tl a*^ come after an organizai ti«>n by wliich they can secure such rights and privileges as they are entitled to. I'ROPOSKI) I'KRMANKX'l’ OR(iANIZATION AND Hrn.DINO FUND On behalf of St. Peter Claver,s Sodailty, of this city, he submitted a memorial outlining the plan of formation of jiermxnent organization of the colored Cath lies of the United States and Can da, which is as follows: “First, That t e present Congress ere «te and organize permanently by electing an Executive Board ot 1], they to elect their own officers, who shall const lute the Kxecudve Council of said organization, to be known and designated as shall be deter" rained by the Congress. “Second, That the said Council be given plenary po#er to issue certificates of membership to the societies under such regulations as they may prescribe, provided they shall not charge a higher fee than $10. Third, That s id Conncil have plenary power to organize societits in such manner and under such re>{U-lation as they shall determine and prescribe. Fourth, ''’bat said council shall draft the constitution, by"laws, regulations and plan of said nationa organization and subordinate societies, secure the approval of the same and furnish eack society with a suitable nuniher of copies thereof, .and do all things necessary to fully carry oiu the objects ami ends of such organizan *111. Fifth, 'Fliat t*ach society be re-<juire*i to pay into tin* treasury of Slid <*>uncil, within three months after the :idj*)urnmeiil of this Cou-gr ss, a tax of -J'> cents f«»r each menii t-r upon i t-ir r<d s.” 'I he memorial was referre«l to a e.*Miniiilt eo *>n union orgauizalitm, 11 he altervvar*ls app linte 1. Ilelegate Valle read a jiieamhle fa\‘»r ng tin- estahlishmeul of a fund f*ir ih»- huihliug of eh «relies and in — s<itu ion.", ami otrere«l the following resolution.s, which were afipropriate ly n*fenv*l:    Be    il    Resolvetl, Tliat we, the lepresentalive colored Cath olics of the United i^tates here asseiiihletl, esiahlisli a fund for the purp*)sc of building cliurches and inst luiions known as a Catholic Building and l.<oan Association of C*dorcd People, Also that the Congress appoint a Board of Direc tors, and tuat said hoard appoint the officers, and that the officers of this association shall constitute the Supreme Council, whose duties shall be to adopt a method by which such moneys shall be collected and appropriated; be it “Resolved, That the said Board report to CuDgress the results of their proceedings, so that the same may be approved #f and adopted. Be it further Resolved, That the Congress take immediate ateps in thii matter and put it oa its final passage.” The proposed lormation of a per" manent organization was favored by Father Toiton, who said the delegates had assembled to work and not to murmur. A-iper resolutions were all very well, but the most useful was greenbacks. President Spencer offered a resolution, which was referred, that the delegates pledge themselves to be responsible for a proportionate share of the expenses incurred in having the proceedings of the present and preceding Congresses published in pamphlet form lor gratuitous distribution. ( OMMITEKS APPOIKTKD. The following committees were ajipointed: On Resolutions—Wra. E. E-aston, chairman, Robert L. Ruffiu, Washington Parker, Fred F. McCihee, D. A. Rmld, (t. VV. Pinkney, the Rev. J. E. Burke, the Rev. James Nolan, Martin J. Fehmaii, Ar.liur A. Arnott Lincoln \"alle, Thomas Spriggs, Charles II. Butler, Samuel P. Ilavis P. J. A'igustine. On Uuiou Organization—Frederick L. McGhee, Wra. H. llariuou, W. J Reed, Bernard W. Tyweil, K. L. Ruffin, Robert Coates, William Eas on, L. C. Valle, J. T. Maxwell, the Rev'. Father Toiton. A apir.ted discussion was provoked by the reading of a paper by Dele gate Wood, who expressed the opin* ion that the colored people were sadly lacking in race pride, which, he declared, is necessary for the advancement of the negro. He deplored the want of gallantry shown the young women by the young'men, and men marrying before they bad saved enough money to keep their wives so they would not be compelled to labor for their own support. Delegates Hazel, Flavis and Lofton took issue with the speaker, whose views were suppoited by Delegate McGhee aid Father Toiton Before taking a recess for di *ner the Congress was addressed hy Rev. Dr. W. H. lie rd, of the African Methodist Epis<;opal Church; Rev. Dr. Puillip-*, of ilie Protestant Epi'hopal Cluircli of this city, and George W. Hell, State Senator elect from the East r-i District of Arkan sas, and a student in the Med cal Department of the University of Pennsylvania. In the afternoon Secretary l.ofton read a commuu cation from John H, Smyth, of Wasliin'gum, I>. C., urging the education of the head, heart and hand of the colored people and in glowing terms praising tke magnificent guuei osity and devoted labors of Sister C itharine, formerly Miss Cataarine Drexel, of PhiladeU phia, in aid of the uplifting of the colored peojile. All invitation fr m S . Mary’s Literary Institute, extending the use of its hall, 510 S,^ruce street, to tlie delegates, was accepted. The State Couocil of the Protestant E iscopal Church held at Lynchburg Va., ill May. 1880, voted against allowing the c lored man lo have a \o»e IT voice in the body. DELKOATE RUFFIN’s PAPER. “The Catholic Church and the Negro,” was the title of a paper read by Robert L. Kuffiu, who stated that it had been prepared in answer to a recent article in the VhT^stian He-corUeTy which asked: “Wherin do the Catholics show superior race virtue as favorable to the negro.” Extracts from the lengthy and ex* haustive essay follows: “it has been maintained that the Catholic Church is making great headway in the solution ot the problem of evangelizing the negro, and a cry of alarm has. been raised that unless the efforts of Protestants to evangelize thi colored people are speedily redjubled, the great majority of them will be eventually fuund ill the broad fold of thi Catholic Church. It has also been discovered tliat improvement in the political, social and intellectual conditi n of the negro rather increases than diminishes danger being Catholicized, for education, it i^ urged, is rathvr a help than a liiuorance toward an eutrance to the Church, In a word, it seems to be feared that, unless some new and vigorous departures are "ooii made by the Protestant Church at large, the great raa-s of the peojile of ilds coiiu ry will in-dee(l be absorbed l>y the Catholic Church. ‘*lt can ]ol bo denied that from the very begiimg the attitude of ihe Churcl. to',vard the iupu with a dark skin was always one of love. In her early history Among her communi-e.aiiis were to lie found not only black pei'soris of both sexes ho'ding most exalted positions. There xvere holy xvoinen like St. Monica, St. Felicita and St. Perpetiiata. There were holy men, who were priests, bishops, archbishop , cardinals and tan ill I zed saints—men like St. Augustine, St. Basil, St. Cyprian, St. Moses, St, Benedict the Moor, St. Cyril, all of w'hom, as the Church affirms, were of pure Ethiopian blood, and the Church has always represented that one among the wise men wdio came to present the newborn Saviour with costly gifts wag a negro. “When the church bad g«iued a sufficiently strong foothold in the world, her position on the «lave question plainly declared that ‘no man has a right to hold another as a slave.’ “A thousand years before a Phil lips had spoken a word, ora Whittier had written a line, or a John Brown had given his life in defense of the black man’s liberty, the Catholic Church lud her orders devoted exclusively to the ransom of slaves. “In 14 councils held from the year 305 to 583, the Roman Catholic Church had legislated against slavery. “St. Patrick in 450 required church pr perty to be used in redeeming captives. The second Council of Verueuil in 844 did the same. The second Councitof Lyons excom raunicated those who enslaved others. ‘’A council held in 922 declared that he w ho sold another into siavery was guilty of homicide. “Pope Gregory, in 1839, published a postolic letters against the slave trade. “Wendell Phillips, in 1&4*2, said: From a priest of the Catholic Church we mii£lic expect superiority to that prejudiee against color w'hich freezes the sympathies of Churches when humani y points to the slave. I remember ihat African lips may join in the chants to the Caurch unrebuked even under the broad dome of St. Peter’s, and I have seen the cjlored man in the sacred dress pass with a priest and student beneath the frowning portals of the College of the Propaganda, at Rome, with none to sneer at his complezion or repulse him from society. I remember that a long line of Popes, from Leo to Gregory, have denounced the sin of making merchandise of man; that the voice of Rome was the first to be heard against the. slave trade, and that Bull of Gregory, XVII, forbidding every true Catholic to toueh the accursed t’ling, is yet hardly a year old.” “At a meeting in New York of the Northern and Southern Committees of the Presbyterian Churches, by a majority vote the colored man was refused admittance and recognition as a member of the Presbyteries. “At the Episcopal Convention held in New York in 1889, th** Rev. Phillips Brooks offered resolutions declaring that t»ie Church recognizer no distinction betw'eeu her minisliy having relation to their race or color and the resolutions were indefinitely laid on the tab e. “Bishop Healy, of Portlan d,Maine is of Negro blood, his mother being a negress ^nd his aunt an escap-d, and the Cathohc ( Jiurch is pr(*uci 't. ^ w years ago tlie yellow .    /‘ng,    Archbishop Elder, 'taking his life in his j h.*( «0, c. jiiiong tue sick and dying i colored people, w'ho were almost entirely without care. He himself nursed the si k and b jried the d ad. having first by the dim light of a lantern, with his own hands, dug their humble graves. “In coüclading, what could he more appropriate than to quote the language of an ancient Catholic eeclesiastic :    It is, indeed, true that there is ne pr nor unjust dis crimination in the Catholic Church •gainst the colored ma«. There is not so much as a spider’s thread of prejudice between the colored man and the highest gift of the church, even though he shonld some day aspira to oc.upy the Papal chair at Rome. AN EX-MINISTER TO MAYTI, Dr. John E. W. Thompson, ex" United States Minister to Hayti, was called upon, and said that be had represented for six years 68,OOO,000 of Americans at San Domingo. Of these 8,000,000 were colored Ana r-icans. He had been a «pointed by Grover Cleveland, who had no prejudice against the black man. After visiting a number of cities he had come to this City of Brotherly Love on Tuesday night, and he was re fused admission to a barber s lop kept by a colored man. lie augiiod that, wu.le the colored people have so little race pride as was shown by this, to him, a very painful incident,, they could n*jt expect to rapi lly or greatly improve their conditio P, A resolution, requesting the United States Government to take early cog nizance of tin Anti-Slavery irea'ty of the Bi'ussels Coii2:r ss, if its foreign relations will permit, was adopted. RKJ'ORT OF THE COMMITTEE UN RES ODUTIONS. The committee on Resolutions presented a report pledging the support of the congress to every project looking to the indiistrirl education of the colored youth; advising the publication of the proceedings of the congress in pamphlet form, creating the office of Librarian, and naming Robert L. Ruffin for the position, and also the offices of Second and Third Vice Paesidents, and nominating W. H. Harmon aud W. E. Easton re spectiyely for those offices; thanking Sister Cathariue, formerly Miss Catherine Drexel, for her princely donations, and her se!f*sacrificing labors in behalf of the colored peO" pie; also the Philopatrian Institute, St. Peter Claver’s Union, the commit! e of Arrangements and the press of this city. An adjournment was then had nnul this morning at 9.30 o’clock. RBCETTION IN TME EVKNIN». In the evening the delegates and their ladies were given a reception by citizens at Philopatrian Hall. The parloi*s and second-story rooms were prettily decorated with potted flowers and ferns, and music was furnished by Jones’ orchestra. Rev. Henry L. Phillips of the Crucifixion Protestant Episcopal Church, and Mr. Peter C. Burke were als) present. Third Day's Session. being in session for three days at Philopatrian Hall, tin? Third Congress of Colored Catholics of the United States adjourned Thursday evening. The proceedings in the morning were opened with prayer by Father Toiton. The report of the Committee on Resolusions which were read on Wednesday evening was the first business considered. President Spencir argued in favor of eaving each delegate pledge himself to raise $10 each to defray the expense of having the minutes of the ^ongress published in pamphlet form and the resolution as amended were adopted. The Committee on Unioa Organization submitted a report, which was adopted, outlining the plan of a permanent national organization, which is to be known as the St. Peter Claveras Benevolent and Loan Associit-ion, the officers of which are to consist of a President, Vice President, Secretary, Treasurer, Spiritual Director and Six Directors. The objects and purposes of the organization shall be to establish a fund for benevolent purposes and a fund out of which loans shall be made for the building of Catholic churches and famishing educational facilities among the colored people. A letter was received from Archbishop Ireland, of Minnesota, treat- i»>g of the attitude of ilie Catholic C iiireh aud the r.i e question. Jt was read and iucorp(»lat^;d iii an address ‘ssued by the Co gress to the })eopIe of tlie Cuite*! Slates Rev. Ij. j. Coppii’, editor of the African JMttii dist Epi.-Jcopal C/aircU Jiei'iev", Rev. Dr. Ileury L. Phillips^ of the Crueifixiou Protestant Episcopal Ciiurcii, ami 1. C. Wares were 'lUroduced to ihe delegates, and^ made spirite I adiii e-ses, which were loudly a[)plauded. Dr. Phdiips said he had atiende! the Catholin Ciiurch on Tuesday and watched with tlie closest interest the white priests at die * e*ebration of the Mas-t by Fatlier Toiton, a colored man, and said that in no other denomination eoull such a thing be seen, or would it bo permitted. It was tru*, as h'l knew, that at the al ars of the Cath lie Church there was no d stinction as to color, and that Churc i has a lever possessed by non© other to secure for the colored race the same rights in the workshops as it freely grants tlieni in its sanctuaries. If it exerts its powerful influence to this end, it will be scared by the rusk of colored people to Its foid, and, as lor himseif, he wo ild bid ki* three boys G >d speed if they desired to eater the ranks of that or any other Church wbiek would secure lor them their just rights. Delegate Wood moved that a committee of three be appointed to investigate the discrimiuation against colored children in Catholic tckools and instiiutibñé. The motion prevailed, and subsequently Robert N. Wood, G. W. PinKney and Charles H. Butler were app inted as tke committee. President Sfenckr's Paper. “The Estaolishment of Churches for Colored Catholics” w^as the title of a paper read by President Spencer, It spoke of «he great good accom* plished by conventions, instancing those held by the German and Irish Catholics and the more recent one by Indian Catholics. As the Catholics of every nationality represented in the Lnited States were building numerous churches, wherein they each can listen to the priests who speak their oxvn distinctive language» it was only prop.n' that colored Catholics should ei ect churc''.es for themselves, where they could come together, although they have the privilege of worshiping in any Catholic church.    ' Althougli the importance''aQd necessity of establisbing churches ara apparent the greatest ueeJ of colored Catholics at present is more schoola and better educational facilities for their children, and w'hile these are being secured the building of churches could for a time be stopped, in' order that the energies of the people could be devotid solely t) the c6u-summa ion of this great project. When the congress reassembled in the afterneon, Delegate Tyrell spake of the kind of education give* the colored children in the public school» of Virginia, and Delegates Reed. Govern, Wood and Father Toiton d scussed* the treatment accordesl their race by white Catholics and re'ated their individaal experiences. A cablegram was reeeived fram Cardinal Rantpolf©, is Romo, saying: “The Holy Father sends the Apostolic benediction to tke Colored Catholic Congress. OUR NATIONAL INSTITWTION8 A paper by Delegate McGkee, treated of “Our National Institutions.” After referring to the religi OU8 institntions the paper attacked the separate school system for black and white children throughout the IJnioo. ‘ We proclaim,” said the speaker, “that all Americans are equal, but the common equality of man is but like the enchanted palace told of in fairy tales, and this system of separate schools for whites and blacks is the strong; hungry, glarling lion; the legions of mailed knights that must be conquered aud ove.come ere one gain access to the palace beyond. That an irreligious, ignorant, blind, unjust prejudice exi"ts aoiong the great body of wffiites against his colored brother, irrespective of politics, or geogra2Jhieal or sectional lines, is a fact most lamentable, a :>rejiidice that follow^s -me and my brothers w'herever ^ve go, “Ivhatever station we occupy, or pursuit we are engaged in. That this prejudice ia dying away I admit, but why foster and encourage its life ? Be it not known that the child that is reared in the belief that its colored neighbor is inferior and unworthy to be associated with will cling to those views throughout life; at least it will be harder when it reaches its ftiajori» ty to meet and join in friendship with his colored brother and i admit that there is no essential difference? “Professor James Bryce in his thoughts on the Negro Boy^s says; Compared with it those tariff ques" tions and currency questions and railway questions with which polii ticians busy themselves 6ink almost to insignificance, there must be -a healthy sentiment, the people of out divinely favored land must be brought to realize and to confess that between the whites and blacks there is (Continui/^ on 3rd Page.) k'J i '•S

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