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American Catholic Tribune (Newspaper) - February 6, 1892, Cincinnati, Ohio Lmerican Catholic - t a\ 'D> T\ ^ ai« SmiAamm C«riLul ewees, 4re«M«».oo 9t llalfftn«ff«, Há., ÜM Most B««. Ar«Kiiiua:o0« ot Gimoímmmn, amé PbOaÉelpeia, tk« SU Bma, Blsfeois «f 0«vliiftfiiu Ooira»*», s»., aaoitniaitA,    Imi.,    «ni    WimiBftMl,    DsU VOL VI.CINCINNATI SATURDAY. FEBRUARY 6 1812 NO 49 -■OHIO ST.\^ NEWS. F,'.    5 ^ tr«rel n« Si!.->rt)»n, hr> brainfc .la&hed oot bj Uiin^ -nr jwn from a Mi'.h HATTir. C KiTt iiriri !. of Mt. **rn lo. wan fined 5^'jX) and sent to jail * -'onienspt of conrt. •U*ns IIarwcn. a I>ajton raolder. died «rom chloroform while the doctor» wer« ^epar'.n^ for an operation A .'«i^K-THOt-gA NU-t>i»i,i,ARattachraent waa ÍT*«»ueii amamal the United ^tate• Eolhnir Slock work» at Urbana. Trk <». N. (i bill haa atirred up New-*rk and the citizen» will fiij’ht it. SrcRTfrr. of Mansfield. »hot bU ^•fe. twentv-fire shot haring lod^^ed in ber body. ‘ M. Smith, of Washing^ton C H , »entenced to the O P. one year for * ^org>err The Ohio Poland rhuja Record asao-o'.ation met at l>ajt..n UdwARD li. Kinkkad, assistant atate law librartan, hag reMgned. " Mir a operating a ateam sewing-®^‘hine at the Xenta Shoe factory. Anna Caaatng ran a needle through one of her fingers, the needle breaking off and part ef it lodging in the bone »o that the doctor could not g^l It out- The Toung ia»i_r went lo the eiectr c light woTKv, and after »ubject-,ir.g h- r finger to the magnetic current I'v j a* tn rrv. the n« e ■: > '.i. a'^ drawn out by t'.'* «*.cctricity itiiout pain or injury. At r I \ vcK ha'- a morphine cure lasli- ..f    p,., ha* fallen h : r t ■ ' . t> p-    1    .luista hi.Te in- C .r^*- l 111,- r . i^t r--ar -s platform .\ V ^ N St;;    t,. i \\    \ ThoniaS ' ti. ■ nnat:. o t _; a* .NlarsficM . *>• ' I "r.:    ■    A A a.s crish.-.i at a !'■ r'.s r.    tt;..*    iiu    ier three tons of . !. :.-r- li: o ■: V y.s r-.    t:.e    o^ioe of the /.anc'V ..Mr.-.-*,    ad. t,. of $H#a ■ »:.u-r ti .g.,i \a Us r.y ase t tr.ed in Mayor Mclnty: *    «-.«u-t ' . ilt .n. a fe^A dars ago \N .....a'li Hp,sson ÍA a prominent joang man of tha* t-^w«,h.p and *s.s I. jitie >tr.*-Aland is a handsome and a •c-*nip..'»ned young la*lT The Stephenson and Siic-iland families lire near ue>ghi*or^ an-i iiliam and Lottie hare be^n the best of friends. ^▼«ral 'days ago th-j met :n the road, and William. I-M^king wi»ifuilj at LotUe's ro»y lip^ t'dd her that he would lore to hare a kis* Hut fair Lottie bade aweet William nay. and haughtily tossed her head This William tsok as a challenge, ao he proceeded to take a kias whether Lottie gave eookent or not Then he was happy and rejoiced But Lottie became indignant, “red-headed" as it were, and proceeding before the magie-—^    *ne preferred a charge against William of assault and battery. He wae arranged, a* d blnshingiy pleaded • guilty to the chargv 'I ite mayor smiled as he assessed against him a fine of one dollar and c* —t. Tnis Wdimm paid, and then he and I.ottic walk^-doíT together, as happy a« bapry cou'd \>e. 1 HE other morning wnile driving in a aleigb near S*hn»-ville. fcki Dooohoo, a well-known traveling man of East LiTcrpool. r, a* thrown from his seat by the team rer.r. ,.ng away, and his bead Atru.'k a trc* Instant ileain resulted lK>nah«>o    e i fo - T. E. Wells meat pack-*r^ of Chicago, and Was wrll known to t ne trade through--Out the w e-t MK'». I»\n *^1 Ui nt7 accidentally •amc.iiiervi in r in ^.:nt at K*-nton. Hint's» .*.*;    ;    n n. bridge along a line of tr.i-. • an .    '    ’"-ug    an interior atream i-    a    ^,lv    or >*urned. the ttommi s-on -r-. >    .    - unty in which it IS Irv(-at* *l w . r.av*- t > furnish free Terriagt* f' "    tr.i^    .    r-    i r.»* t-iil direct- log suoii ‘    t.' u    ‘    ic--d V>r Mr. AVoi>!. of    u    .‘ir,v.-,    who de- 'i'ared T; at ;w.,    . \p-rience had xbown him t •    >«ch    an im- It    li »T*s away with the iii-r' .1 r- - . - i. > lives off %uch"K,'' t - f ilow-men. Tl.e biX p-.'-    t;„    -* a dissenting Vfj'te W M- C I. v    '■ •    .    ^    <    -hov ton. takes a talh lu t    r.    ^    ■    f    r * daylight ev- itry a> a pr. r nt ve for grip tARKori ro\ 1-. p -f ' g ..a a rs with her first tirr engine Mason scho - : r - . i .e 1 ,,n account t>f diphther a. HCGOlNit parti. - a; -a 1 t . i.eall the l*age at Fo-toria A BfRST %%ater nia a at T dedocaused ^V).000 oamage. The busin«*s> p«»ri »n «tf Mt. Victory Was swept away l-v fir»- A suPPOfi»-!» M icn l-nnk robber is Mnder arrest at I 'dav-are Joh:v Adam-, a farmer near Marietta, fsas rabies from a hog bite. ^    H- J. Mkvi K** was almost suffocated by natural gas in a Lima hoteL WiM.iE U IIiTivKR the ft-year-old aon of David liiltner. a farmer of Plain Vswoship near Wo<joter, died a few flays ago While playing ball last Sep-%eniher he was struck on the side of the bead with a ball. A small lump raised and in a few days pa^-cd away, but the lad now and then < omplained of a pain In bis head. Anoiht-r lump formed and “ . continued to grow ic size until the parents became alarmed and called a con-•flltation of phrsicians. The swelling eoQtinoed to grow a i i was pronounced ,    Bnt a    cancerous gr-o.vih and then a I .«Ibunor.    The Wst mediu*al attention secured, but in spite of every ef->rt the growth continued and finally insed his death. pKTTT thieves are robbing farmers ' >ut Lima .Bkpbesentativk .‘stokkr has recom-;nded the esiabiishm.-nt of a post-Ice at I>ecr Park. Hnrailton county, the appointment of li F. Gary as ktmaster thereof. 'JoH?f Babnesu of .‘'♦eubenville, was >lsoned w .th strychnine given him La _ flrink of whisky by the husband of lady'he was calling upon. ^LLAB is to have a new Methodist borc'h. T« Ohio Paper mills will locate at •Iphos. will soon hare free post ofiee iverjrTHE NEGRO MISSIONS. PRIESTS WHO LABOR FOR THE CONVERSION OF THE COLORED PEOPLE. The Appeal of the American Bieh-ope-Answered by •^111 Hill Col-Inge, England—The Foundation of the Epiphany Coi-leaie—The First Fruits of that Institution Misstonar ’s Vows. The eoMventi n of the »i>ostolal€ of the preee, which wbb held in New York UiU m*^nth, did not absorb the entire interest of the Catholic corns munitj, a portion of whom, and no incoi.siderable portion, either, watched with sympathy and eagemes-^ the proceedings of the third conven'ion of the Colored Ca*holies, who met at Piiiladelphiii, and liiscussed topics apperuiini g to the welfare of this gr wing element of our population. The ordination at Rome, a few years ago, ol Rev. Father Tolton, and the promotion, la-t month at Haiti more, OÍ Rev Mr. Cncles totlie priesth od, have cau.-eii a gretiler number of penple than formerly interesteil ihem-selvt- in the movement to look into the qiic-lioii of e\aiigelizat’on or the iMiulhern Ncome-. and the coiine-quet ee i- t at Epiphany collrge, that Hal mu re institution wuieh ha> un-ibrtakcii the la^-k <d pr viding nii?<-^i Miurifs* f *r tl i- field, aiiii the u ork wh:ch I imiftJy Hi complii'hiiig, are ii'trai liPu' Wider iiUcntion than here-lofert. l liat thi« iinitiinlion has a noble dc^tiny bef >re it, i*rovide 1 it be plopt iv - I, ported b\ th>* Cutho-i e- o: t!ii« f urilry, i- i.ow iirdvem .iHy adiiJi’.led, and it ir» ai«‘* general y .oknowledgcd that it h.V" a ready begun to aA*voiftpli.*ih grandly th .1 ib-s« liiiv, thanks lo the w ?doin of tli men wao ütand at the heati of the ct>llege, and who have i^o wisely and pmdeiitly directed its affairs during the few year-* that it has been in e.x-istence. It is raoie than a score of years ttgu Dow Mince the American bishops fi st appealed for niis.sionaries who would devote tbem»elve^ to the spir-itu ii elevation of the Amencan Ne groes, and the first answer to their api»ea came from that famous miS" ftionary Center, St. Joseph’s seminary, Mill Hill, Eng., which lient a ktnall number of priests to Maryland, from which stale they ex ended their operations wherever an opening pre* •ented itaelf. In the last plenary council of Hailimore, held in the fall of 18x1, t'le falherH w ho t ok part in the deliberations r newed their aji-peals for priests who would devote themselves wholly and entirely to the Colored jieople, and again Mill Hill responded to their af>|>eal, this time by proposing to tKECT HkRE IN AMI-KIf’.V A snuinary for the training of priests l'*r the Negro missions. “We h.ave for a *i»ng time,” wrote Dr. Vaughn, superior'•! the English estiihlishmeiit, “greaiiy iKf«ir»-d to give to the missionary work among the Negroes of the I’nib d Slates a more effective as--i-lance than we liave yet been able to offei. Tlu time seems now’ lo l.e w lo-ij W e -liould begin lo eslab-ii-h a t. >u.-.e 111 .\merica for tr lining prie-i- for tb* Negro missions. We iia\e had an e.xikirieiKe of the c «lored mi—ious exteii'Jing over .-ivteen or Mt'venieen yeaTs. We have gained an in-ighi into the q lalit es requi-^ite in the mi-sione'', and into the eh-iiaeter and iieed-of the Colored people. 'I'his ex|>erienee and insight may now be uli!i/ed u|>on a larger sc-ale and foi the l^eneHt of the whole work. We have also learned during the pass few year- how difficult it i- to obtain a Muffic cut number of vo.;ations, or at least a snfticienl number of persons who are attached to the Colored mis sioiis while their education is being carried on in the midst of brethren w hose great de=ire is to devote themselves to the e stern missions of the Churcn. The urgent need, then, o. a greater number of pries.s for the Colo red missions, and the experience and insight already gained by our priests in America, have led to the diUr nination to begin without delay a college in America for the Negro mission.” In furtherance of the project thus out’ined, and with as little delay as prssible, the building in Baltimore which ii known as the Epiphany Apostolic College was secured. This property, which adjoint St. Mary’s Seminary and formerly a hotel, is one of pro|K)rtion8, the cer tral struc-» lure being five stories in height, and extending back fr^m the street 170 f^et. The wings, which are three stoiics high and extend east and west make the entire frontage 150 feet, and a .«hapely cupola, from which fine views of the surrounding counti-y can be obtained, SUBMOLNTS TllK CENTER, The rooms exceed 150 in numbei, and deducting those that are necessary for the faculty and other pur-goses, accommodations remain for at least lOO students, though the college has not yet attained that number of students. Extenssve alterations and improvments were at once made IB the building, and, finally, on SepL 9, 1889, the feast of that apostle of the Colored people, St. Peter Claver, I lo wh m, by the way, a new church, dedicated to hii honor, was --peiied with divine service a Philadelphia la-t week, during the holding of the con vent.on, the doors of the college welcomed the entrance of the first student', though the formal opening of the college did not :ake place until the following November. Ti.e roster of the first year showed an aitendance of thirty-seven students, some of w hom have already commenced their missionary careers. The formal openi,.g of the college and seminary, t»>e latter iostitution beii.g pliced under the patronage of Su Joseph, was purposely de a)’ed until Novembir, 188D, in order that ii. mi^ht be made a portion of the centennial ceremonies which were hehi in Baltimore that month, in commemoration of the completion of the first lOu years of the American hierarchy. Cardinal Gibbon**, w'ith a number of other prelates, a large representation of Josephile lathers and a goodly gathering of secular priests attended the 0|>ening, and in the address which he de ivered on th** oecasioD, Monsignor Gadd, of Manches, England, who is the secretary of Bishop Vaughn, the founder ol the Negro niissio. s n this country, thus outlined the scope of t e institution:    “We are not here to*day to celebrate the opening of the Epiphany Apostolic College. We ure iiiei to w rile a o her chapter in the history of this great American centenary — a chapter which will bean important one in tlie lii lory of the universal Church. We are met together, as it were, m a family circle, surrounded bv *»ur nearest and dearest friemls, to rejoice a noiig i urselves *>vtr th- hou or done on last 'riuirsday, when TlIK AKCIIKISHoCS AND HISTIOpS of the American hierarchy- the lalluT”» of the American Church assembled within these walls to bless by their presence the work done for their Colored ch Idren by our own dear brothers, the Josephile Fathers, To tbosd who do not know you and are not acquainted with the wo k 3’ou are doing, I say that the Jojephite Fathers, or, as they are technical y called, the F'athers of St, Joseph’s Society fo * Colored Missions, are a cobs-munity of secular pries s bound by vow to devote themselves for life exclusively to the welfare of the CoU ■ned pe ple, They have to far eight missions in this c -nntry and one-half dozen visiting stations. Besides these mis.sions they have four convents, St. Joseph’s seminary for Ktndent'sin philosophy and theology, and this eollege in which we are met, the Epiphany Apostolic college. It is called aii apostolic college because it wishc.s to inspire the youths wdio go lorth the spirit of an apost’e. It is ca'led the Epiphany college to commemorate the call of the Gentiles to 'he true faith in the persons of the Magi, one af whom, accord*ng to tradition, was a Negro.” The college w’as placed under the charge of Rev. D. M.aiiley, and the seoiinary was intrustt*d to the supervision ot Rev. John R. Slattery, both priest-, of course, belonging lo the Jort**pliite commnnily. Itev. Father .'■^lallery, who, because of the indefatigable ina iiier in wliich he has always advocated the cause of the negro, is perhaps, the be^-t known member ol tlic Jo.-ephilcs in this Cviuiitry, was formerly a pracU.sing 1 ’.wcr ill the C ty of Ne / York. One day, wliile he was watching a j,ro cession of colored men jiafeg’ng through the street of that city, he became impressed with the id a that the North owed a great debt t«j the freed men of the .South, and he conceived the notion lhai it was his vocation and duty t(i go among those people ANO STRIVE TO ENI.OillTEN them with regard lo their duties and proclivities. Being himself a jiracti-cal and devout Catholic, he became convinced that he could accompl sh a far greater amount of good among the negroes if he went to them as a priest; and consequently he cljseJ his law office, abandoned his practice and betook himself to a seminary, where, after due preparation, he was ordained and joined the Josephites-The amount of gojd he has already accomplished in his chosen field is beyond calculation, and every day is adding to the Iruitfulness of his endeavors. Ilis pen and voice have been constantly employed in behalf of the colored missions, and as rector of St Joi«ph’s seminary his influence on the missionaries that instituí.on is sending out on those raissiens have been of inestimable value. The first fruit of this BiUimore institution was Rev. M. P. Heffer-man, wh», two jears ago last June, having been duly ordained a priest, was sent forth to labor in the field he had chosen for himself. The ceremony of sending forth a negro missionary is a touching and solemn one. In the presence of the assembled students and faculty, the newly ordained priest takes the following vow:    “To the Almighty God, the Immaculate Virgin Mary, queen of apostles, our most holy father, the blessed Joseph, the blessed Peter and the apostolic host, together with the OTeat patrons of missions, St. Francis, Xavier, St Teresa, St. Peter Baptist and his crucified companions of Japan, and SL Peter Claver, the most mortified apostle of the negro race, 1 vow and premisa that I shall be the lather and servant of the negroes, in the hope of bringing down more abundant blessings on my labors Nor shall I undertake any wi»rk which may tend to neglect or abandonment of the special eare due the Nagro race.” The vow pronounced, THE i>eparting missionary IS bidden farewell and Godspeed by students and faculty, and proceeded forthwith to the fie.d assigned to him by his superiors, there to begin his lifeloqg apostalate amon^..he people of his choice. And how spacious are the fields that await the f.oming ot these zealous missioiiarii ;tn*i how inadequate as yet is the a *ppiy to meet the de* mands, may Ik j.i.igea from the fact that there ure belW’eeii 7,000,000 and 8,000,000 colored people in this country, fully one-half of whom who profess no religion at all, while the so called religion which the maj >ricy oi the remainder profess is little bet ter than rank superstition. The Catholic Negroes of the United States, «ccoroing to the latest rendered re* ports, number a little more than 150.-000, and thoy are to be found represented as following in the different d ocv'ses; Alton, 300; Baltimore, 35,-OOO; Ch »r eston, 8OO; Cincinnat , 150; Covington, lOJ; Galveston, OOO; Lcaveuw’onh, l.'iS; Little Rock, 100; Louisville, 5,704; Mobile, 2,500; Nashville, 35; Natchez, 1,500; Nat-cnitoehes, I2,o00; New Orleans, 80-000; New’ Y'ark, 3,5U0; North Carolina, 150; Philailelphia, 1,500; Pittsburgh, 50 I; Richmo id, COO; St. Agustiiie, 1,100; St- Louis, 3,700; San Antonia, 150; Savannah, 1,500, and NVilmington, 100. They have 3<* or 38 churches devoted to their exclusive use, and attended by about 35 priests. There are 110 sch ols for colored children, attended by nearly 7,OU0 pupils, and there are also 8 orphan asylum'^, 1 foundling insti ute, and 1 hospi al. In 1x00 about 4,500 colored child en and HOO auults were baptized; and most of these churches, intttitations, etc., are looked after by the Josep ite fatbe s or by sister under their direction,—Bq^ ton Repub lie,NEW EnCLAND. BRii>r.Ki*o*T, Conn., January 26: Well- I am again ia Naw Eegland, and bafore I go any further, I want to say a word about this great part of the country. It is no very uncommon thing for a man to live to We a hundred ycir» old. If we consider that the united lives of three 8U^*h men would more than span the whole period of time gince the first attempt was made to plant a colony in New England, we sha’l bring home to ourselves, sharp, ly and clearly, the fact that the history of New England is quite recent history. There is. however, a history going back to a remota time—how remote no one cm s.ny. Bat that is lost. All we know is the country itself was peopled when our foretath-ers tirst came to it, by a race differing fr*^>m our own in color, in language, in manners, in religion, and in every thing in w’hich one people is distinguished from another people. They could neither read nor write. They had no way of p eserv* ing an account of wdiat had happened to them in the past but by w’ord of montii, or tradition. The old men told the story to the young men, who in turn repeated it to their children^ and .so it has como down from generation to generation, until these traditions have at last been wrilt *n down —not by Indians, but by the whites who came to occupy their country. So all that we actually know of this singular people is what the whites learned after their arrival among them. Farther back than this we can not go. Our anceálors called these primitive people “savages,” becaused they lived in a state of nature. They called them “heathens,” because they were ignorant of the Christian religion. They called them “Indians,” because ibis continent was supposed by the first discovers to be a part of the Indies. The English claimed the country theirs, by reason of its discovery in the reign of Henry VII; just the same as if it had been uninhabited or unpossessed by any other people. And their doing so was in account with the custom of all civilized nations at that time. It was a custom based upon might—not right—but growing out of the idea that it was the duty of all Christian people to subdue and civilize the barbarous races. Therefore, from the moment of its discovery, the new country was opened to all English subjeets who wished to go there upon such condi rrr¿- tions as the King might choose to make. Yet on the first day of the new year 1602 not a single English settle, ment existed in all the wide ^cntinent which England had ad4^ to her dominions more than a cemury before. It was I he stories carried homes by the earliest navigators that the seas of these anknown coasts were swarm, ing with codfish that sent the intrepid mariners of Europe hither. They were simply fishermen. Across the wide abd stormy ocean, in a lit^e vessel of only twenty or thirty tons burden, they took their adventurous way to the Coast of Codfish, or Bac: calos, as the Breton and Norman sailors then called iL Beginning with Labrador and Newfoundland, these toilers of the sea slowly felt th ir way along the shores, with line and lead, as far as Massachussetts Bay. Coming with the spring, and fl tting with the autumn; but carrying home the cargoes that gave evidence of wealth greater than the mines of Mexico or Peru. Such w is the be: ginning. Shakesdere mentions the codtisb by the name of “poor John.” Cer values makes his Knight’Grraiit Don[^(¿uixto partake ot a dinner of ihe kii.d called in Andalusia bacca* los; because the day was Friday, on which no good Cathol.c would eat mea‘, Weil, the next great feature that comes to my mind was the African Slave-trade, which everybody knows was a movement of importance in the commerce of the latter pa t of the sevsiueenth and of the eighteenth cuntry. Perhaps the most moment* out and effective change instituted sn the minds of the men by this nine, teenth century is in tha general conception and treatment of human slavery. Tha seventeeath ceatury organized the new western aountries and created an immense opportunity for labor. The eighteenth, cooly and deliberately set Europe at the taskaf depopulating whole districts of west* ern Africa, and of transporting tha captives by a necessary brutal, vie* ions and horrible traffic to the new eivilizations of America. North American slavery fell, carrying with is a vast structurd of political, sanal and philanitropic ideas, and his'ory further tells us that looking back* ward ojie and a half or two and a half centuries, we are amazéu and humilii at d when we consi ler how litt e people knew what tüey were doing wbnc tlie old and enlightened countries so >ght eagerly for slaves, and taught their colonial offshoots to depend upon them, they dug a deej) pit for their own children. Slavery was a small fact >r in New England, because economie laws forba le its growth, It was managed as humanely, perhaps, as such system could be condactod. It was not absolute res raint, nor a permai nent confinement. Wojijeu, “sweet sex,” have a great inffuence in New England. When she trespasses into the outward WDrld of governmont and adrainis* tration, she makes her genFe hand felt. Well, I must close this chapter; much might be said about New Eng* land. 1 will during my trip give short sckelches, from time to time, of the different cities which I will uisit.    L.    C. Valle. POPULAR TBLKS ON LAW. BY WM. C. SPRAGUE, ESt¿. The Californian Illustrated Magazine for February contains a number of striking and timely articles. The second expose of Chinese influence iu America is a paper on sale of Chinese women, illustrated by striking pictures of slaves and a fac simile of a captured slave contract in the original Chinese which tells a tale of horror. The paper shows a state of affairs that should have the immediate attention of legislators. Congress is about taking up the matter of Pacific Coast forests. In this connection the article by ex-forestry commissioner Kinney will be read with interest. He describes the beauty and value of the Pacific Coast trees and points out means for their preservation. The paper is beautifully illustrated by sketches of the giant Sequoias, the Red Woods, with a painting of the forest of the giant trees, made especially for The Californian. Pictures of the ^ant Redwoods cut for the World’s Fair are shown. Dr. Elliot Cones of the Smithsonian Institute and Secretary of the Society of Psychical Research and Chairman of the World’s Fair Committee on this subject begins a series of papers of interest to Theosophists on “What theosophy is not.” It is an expose of Madam Blavatsky and her claims. A timely article is the description by Lieutenant Dyer, Admiral Brown’s Aid and FI^ Lieutenant of the'Pacific' squadron, on the revolution in Ctili Naturalization— TJte Procedure. Having in former talks discussed in whom the powers of naturalizat on is vested and who may be naturalized, we shall now consider the procedure; and first as to the preliminary declara*ion of intention. Before an alien can bee me a citizen, he must take certain steps, prescribed by the fede al laws, the first of whicb is, that he shall declara upon h*s oath before a Circuit or District C urt of the United States, or before a District er Supreme Court of the Territories, or before a Court of Record of any of the States having common law jurisdiction and a seal and a clerk, that it his bona fide intention to become a citizen, and he must de* dare that he renounces hi 4 allegiance to any prince, potentate or state, and particularly naming the prince or state wher ;of he is at the time a subject or citizen. This declaration mu-t be made at least two years prior to the time of his ad miss ion to citizenship. It h is been held that the declaration may be made before city, po ice and county courts of the various States, when such courts are courts of record and have a clerk. In a case arising in Tennessee, a Pro^ bate C.urt was held incompetent. In admitt ng aliens, State courts in the part they take, act as United S ’ates courts, being a sort of agent of the government for th’s purpose. The declaration may be made before the clerk of the court under the law and not necessarily btf »re the court itsdf. It was held in a federal that a clerk of the United States court had no autho.ity to tike the alien’s declaration at the jirivate residence of the party and for that purpose to carry the residence. After a foreigner by birth has thus declared his intention to become a citizen, he is regarded as having sec *red to himself and his children, wha are minors the rights of a naturalized citizen, except so far as pertains to voting. The decUration having been made, must be recorded and the original affidavit, or a copy properly certified bv the clerk or depu*y clerk, attested by the co irt’s seal, is competent evidence of the declaration. After the declaration of intention to become a citizen has been properly msde and recorded and two years has elapsed, final proceedings may be had for adi mission to citizenship. These proi ceed'ngs must be had before such court as described above. In tbe first place, an alien UluiBt deelare oji Jiis oath that he will support the Constiíúíióh of the United States. Toat he renounces and abjures all alle^anee and fidelity to every foreign prince, potentate or state, particularly naming the prince, potentate or state, of which he was before a citizen or subject, arid he shall renounce any hereditary title or order, if he has borne anv such title, or been a member of any order of nobility. This oath when taken c nfers the rights of citizenship and an order of court in admitting him is not essential. He mu-.t take the oath at the time of his admission. It is not sufficient that he took both oaths at the time of liis giving notice to become a citizen. He must of course, prove that he has made a preliminary declaration which is to be proved by the record, and that he has resided within the United States five years at least, and within the State or Territory where the Court sits for one year, aud thai during that time he has behaved as a man of good moral character, attached to the principles of the Constitution of the United States and well disposed to the good order and happiness of of the same. It should be noted that the oath of the applicant is in no case allowed to prove his residence. It must b3 proved in court by the testimony of witnesses. The oath of an alien, as t> his good moral character, should be corroborated by other evidence. One alien cannot vouch for another. All the procc3d-ings, including the court’s action thereon, must be recorded and the record is conclusive evidence of the fact recited. The naturalization of an alien confers upon him the privileges of a native citizen, save only such as withheld from him by the Constitution of the United States. The principal disability is the follow* ing: Under article two, it is provided that “No person, except a natural born citizen, etc., shall be eligible to the office of President, There has been, and is yet much suffering among tne poor, colored people of Nashville. But we suppose when the spring with its railroad excursions come they will as usual be ready to give to the R. R. companies as in the past their last dollar for a trip, when to-day the R. R. companies would not give one "of them a nickle to buy bread or coal. When will tha poor misguided Afro-American get sense enough to see hisToolish and lUBbusiaess dike doings.—Nashville Republic. /iTlVDES. . V *»■"    ^    -    *    ’    *    (i, A Cy ^    l-;c»ii.ijnic«l - IWannM *V '    Them. ^ ^    ^exactly ‘sixty fnile-    V    ‘^but    we were living a    y‘.iny    place, and when it.    the bouse, we wera amazed*'    e    dumber    of window* which required shades, and the small %upply of materl^ on hand. Indeed, those we had j^erte either too short 0» top narrow» anS ^dn’t seem to answer the purj)ose at alL At the nearest point WUere-’such things could be purchased, the price. Si. 00 a.window, struck us as 80 utterly unreasonable that we declined to disburse the necessary amount of cash, especially as there was something’ like twenty-four windows in the building.    The timely arrival of an ingenious friend helped us out amazing* ly. She had written us that she wae coming, and we wrote her the partiew* lars of our dilemma about the shadea When she arrived,' she brought among other luggage a parcel which was duly turned over to the head of the familj, with the laughing remark: “There, my dear, are all the necea sary supplies for your windows, and thf bili is just S3.50.* “The parcel contained two dozen shade rollers with fixtures, a lot ol fringe and some white muslin, the purpose of which we did not t first understand. The next day our friend weni to work, measured the windows, sawed the rollers, and put up the fixtures She then, with a very sharp shears, cut the curtains of exactly the size required, out of the mushn, and fastened them to the rollers with the smallest gimp tacks, which were also in the paroeL The hems of the curtains were finished, and the fringe put on, and sticks put in. The curtains were then tacked to a crossbeam in the garret, this being tha most convenient place. They wera t fastened by the sticks in the hems, very slender nails being driven through al each end and in the middle. The clotil was then saturated with starch, ia wlklch w-as dissolved some white glue, and weights were attached to tbs rollers. They were then allowed te dry without being touched. Having beea cut by the thread and tacked, so thai the cloth fell in exactly a perpendiculai line, the curtains dried perfectly square, and, when put up, rolled as easily as a holland, which thev very closely resenv bled. “In large cities curtains are so ine» pensive that it is scarcely werth whils to take the trouble to make them, bul in country districts or where goods are very high-priced it pays excellently well to make the curtains at home. It : is really very little work, requirinf only careful attention to cutting of the * oloth and sawih|g the sticks, and • mechanical eye to put the fixtures uf straight. Sonae home-made curtaint have beea so neatly finished that the casual observer would never imagine them other than the work of a profea-sional. Fine heavy sheeting, 'Pride ol » the West,’ or even cambric, makes eB* ( tremely pretty shades, if carefully man- I aged. Fringe or any other desired fipish * jnay be used, and w’lll add greatly to k the heatness of the job, A fine quality J| of size may be ’¿sed instead oí starchy and g7ue, but must be vei'^ carefully ^ applied, anu permitted to uécom» thoroughly dry before using.”—N. Y. i Ledger. _ A DOUBLE UNIT. ^ Degenernoy in Either Husband or tVlfe s Reflemlo|i on the Women have beefi Credited foi* generations with exercising a great moral ' influence over their husbands. If a malí becomes a moral wreck, his downfall is attributed to s*»me lack in his wife; shs is too w'eak to exorcise an influence, or so strong as to drive him from home. Always the wiseacres wag their heads, saying, “If his wife were different!” U No one disputes that a wife has great influence over a husband, but is it not true that a husband exerts just as much influence over a wife’? If she does not ’ meet the promise of her girlhood, and becomes, instead of a happy, calm, help-ful womam, a fret|ul^ *j[ninteresting w^'^* man, is it not largely tí>e luisband’a fault? Is it not the qflie¿ of l*^*e to lead out into a fuller life? If a tvomah whq in girlhood gave promise of intelligence; possessed gifts that were marked, and considered worthy of cultivation; who read, and kept in touch with the times, develops into a woman wlio hardly knows the name of the president, who can not make use of the gifts that once gave herself and her friends pleasure who neither reads nor maintains any social relation—is not the husband at fault for permitting her unrestrained to stunt her mind and soul until ^middle life finds her either a figure for the display of clothes, or an animated duster and brush, a slave to her household possessions'? Degeneracy in either husband or wife is a reflection on the other. “With all my worldly goods I thee endow,” means more than material things. The unit of marriage is the purpose of two lives lived in active, not passive, sympathy. The resistance of e^iL the cultivatioB of good, in the home means the development of those who work for a common end. Weakness may be as fatal as wickedness in its influence, and may require as radical measures to overcome it. Where there is true love there is spiritual ambition; but without thia quality the love is of the earth, earthy; a weight instead of wings. The moral responsibility of husband and wife ia equal; it is not'a question of sex. God gave the commands to man and womaa and endowed them to meet his stand* arda The husband who lets a wife drift Into a line of life that saps her powers has not fulfilled his duties as a husbandf he has not made his love a shield te ward off evil, but a cloak of which he frequently avails himself by way of ex-euse to his own conscience.—Christiam Union. -    _, 'Plenty ta Worry Abual.- ' • Mrs Greatman—What are you worry tag oves? .Nobody will jbelieve what those papers «^av. now that you hare boldly sued them for libel.

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