American Catholic Tribune (Newspaper) - August 25, 1894, Cincinnati, OhioAmerican Catholic Tribune.
Approved by Hit C&rdln»! «Ibbon», the Moet Kev. ArchblHhop* of Kew yorm Cliieaco, New Orleang and Philadelphia, the Rt Rev. Bishops of Detroit, Columbus, and Richmond
V IX.DETROIT, MICH., AUGUST 25, 189.4.
¿ 4CATHOLIC UHIYERSITY
I E6IDKNT VISITS THK HOLY FATHER ' * f AMro«t tb# Rome
u? f ■hr' Balttmore Sun
- ..u phmee of the lute - f Oriesns. Mifr. Du-n* UfM r he rpturned from -f that hf bad ipme there !' * to f»>nify the force
^ DiSníütrr at the eerr - i ^.ibituae power, which r ul liAoda, mortal thou^ nvceted with It, the hear-<ii i thi* •lUine aeale.” A
* i’-'I Htah«:>p Keane, the .. i: - li*; j,f the Cetholic t*nl-
ft-.hing:tMn. to come to \ ' rr hHtrht of the Roman ' i*- ii fhi- thcrmonicff^ rejri»-9U dcjrre*
► -.I*''» I'ahrrnbctf. Thi» T'nl-
invt txiinplPttHl fire yenra it^ flr^t lu^tn*. The aoh-- • .1.1 lie ÍKíd.v met on the oc-
i 1 .ift»r duo d«diberath>D It wfls flftioit that a dcle-u- «M-iít to Rome to ac* uifli th«' reeultx of the
w.-rk It wae uuder the
I • n<-*nmf^•rueTtt of |>h) ' irtii. of hi» authority
• ^tty was hitinded. No f.ir tilia tsjtk than
ii‘ rc* T1» rector. Bishop
'* - V TTtf TiiK r»:>pK ' Hfr. r his arrival In Uume
• ‘ !i i»l his first audience of ' >inidsy. .lulv -J2. On this
I>r -s«*ui*s| the pMnttff a In i;.'nift<-»*nt pbotocrapblc -■ iiHuí: Tt»«» I'nlvepKlty. rm V -T.jly the had
t • o. »' o ith fh. Pope, Roth have been most aatls-
;h-nvij>g ,,Q,, expects
■■n the intimate convcr-
■ ' »' « Hi'-bop and the P<*n
i’'iJ*lic But there are
^ T ren^ral Interest who-h " r.| det Isred The Bish P*'i ‘ pj]l aocraint of the at the T'nlvereitr nipi tvhsf hopee were
it'.nt XIIT. then
In g remarkiMe
•••'..I mtii the most mln ' ’‘i' otvaniiation and in
! 'itt'* tfir reaotirres of th«
*: nine a marrelom sc-
»ii »h* r*>\ emment of a
' Hisii.*j» announced to
• wtr s new and irmnd . .iiT'-i' ..f conatnicthm ■ •1 - hit fly f»r lann ly for
I l n»\ H«t»' phiioaophT.
e oiiid 1w tauslit. The ' "I Mitran».. protlficsd'Hi at > •■n Tills, he aaid. tw>re ' tl.,. ^^henie which he
■ n. i|> i. ti. rs and enr’Tdicala
■» <1 phil.rsophy all a basis ' 'k t.. jfo upon. tTiristisn I' s*t vantajfeo«i5lr rier •• thr pursuit of aCieni'e i;-ti cce.tf tliimrs The n.'i-
• :» t.ik.« thdr due p<>sitton
•f kn*.wledpe, and with siii»j,>,-ts a* their iTHixrds. n»en will give ' U > Uii.' ami funher tJieir I rs» XIlI then^ld be li « ill ntifathui to me ad ^ high» r studies when
«’•-n ami sselated by pbil > - I), will d«* in a letter 11» i ue on the iN'aab-
. • vi• ,
T f'AHIllNAL niB-
’ i .1 psrtl.*ul.nr and most
• ' t^sst I.eo XIII. Inquired ’ •! i.ihtxioa. deairln# to
' health wa« rrss
. -. s-rd to l«i^ni that It Is I »uf* !itlon to c««ne to
• • inf.r Hi «Tdr^r to pa,T a i” He repeated again
wi.. at this, and It Is .m:‘^>Am^«*ans who hare th.'~re»pe that lyoo - I'lrdtuHl til1>l*oDs In af*
• tu. for ono of hla invar-: H |„. - iv» know his
I ('.inliiial Andiblsbop of
' Ml*- usual questions he
iu i*>^aat1cs was not
• 'I» «wr-asion—that is tr.
! ; ■ •-*»n«'**mtng "mv Delc-
• , It, Min". S«
.. the esteem In
i' »ti.* D«-legate ami his In-«Í ini me him In tlie I'nlti'*!
I '[»;*iut.vining his authority i- Itiin tit event- way.
'lid that the fact of .M*jn ■;t ' i*-»'«ition and offlee of l-'-.ifo I.» tin* I'nited States
• lfiii.-nt in what may
¡H.it. of l^Hj XIII. Kvery ;i»i «il*j,ft beforv bliu in of »lio tTiun'h whloli he : ' i¡;; out 1.4'.» XIII. ha-, a ' hi h •■ttibrai'Ofi In a cer-I in.iiikind. His appeal is !• . t.i rh,. itH-ml»cr>> of his i-'ii. «lo- archl*tsb«»ps amJ ‘ ti'ir. li His mind, willie •1* «ni!". Io4»ka forward
■• !l lu.-ty I».* dosciihed as ' •II ;ind (-^ilrulates the con-'to i.'dirlcal and nodal
■'■•rk lu t!o- eorld to-day. ' „-h*. »lo • uaracterlsflc an»J ••f irrr-af genit». I>s>
• f’ttiii. ami HhaiMw bis . \ ..f a> •^«ttipH'-hing beti*^
h- r.- ..till iH'W. lait In a -• I - f),.- <Hit*'r*me of the
!>‘ l * ií.-iít.:«'fuJuess prevall-
aod rebels?** Tbeee worda might hare been written yewterday, an well do they depict the atdtode of the Pontiff to the world at targe.
TWO FAJ40V8 BhrCTCLlCALe.
But It was hot only Ifitn thé forking and management and botvea and proa pects of the Waihlhftoii unlraralty that Leo Xltt. Inquired. HI* rlalon eni-braeed a wider fltad. Ha da«lred to ba Informed of Amarlcaji affairs hr a moat InteUlgent obeerrcr dweillng In the legialattre capital, the heart of tha uadoB. On the east rarlety of matters which occupy public atteatlon througli-out The countrr and which color the life of the tuition he seemed wcU Informed. Apparently he follows the march of eventa. knowlnf not only thoao recorded In the newapaperw. but Ukewise the teodenciea that are manifcatlng ihem-aelvea and the tone of thought prevailing. He was deairooa of being Informe I of the Inner workings of things and •ought to discorer the mod rea of qc-dooa, which, on the surface, are not very evident.
He showed a special desire to learn bow hla recent prououncements were regarded by the tJiijiklng men of the country—pronouQcementa such as bis encyclical on the condition of labor, and that, more recent still, addreafSHl to all the rulers and nations of the universe nsx>ioraendln|i religious unity. Me was greotlr condoled with the favorable report Klsbol> Keane had to convey to him regabllng the effect of the one on the condition of labor. There has been, with few and nnlmportant cK'eptlona. a wldespnwd an<l unanlnKsia chorua of praise b*r this document, which Is re-ganled ss a nile that If strictly adhered ft) would go far to heal the social troubles now evlsting. With respect to the second Its iofluetire and alms have been condderably marred, at least for the time t>Hiig. by the assassination <»f President C'am«»t, which seized the uni veraal attentlou at the very moment the encyclical urging unity In religion was Issued to the world.
Thcae two great documents Bish»>p Keane regards as lumloous examples of the policy of Po|>e Leo. <>n the one hand he holds opt his hand to the laboring clas^rs and strlvsw to better thetr position and to riilse tbtm from the depths to which they have 1>e«m Cv»nslgned by the neglect or the gree<l of employers He appeals to employers to act in a f'hrlstisD manner to tbelr workmen, and he InCtdiwtes on the workmen the duties they owe tow.anl their employers This la hla graud con-trlbutlou to the settlement of the scsdal question ami toward the temporal wellbeing of the w«»rld. The other encycll-eal. which* U addresserl to all. appeals to all men t«i unite in rellgioua Iwliof e tth the rhurch »»f which the Poih' Is bead Here Bish<*p Keane sees the at fectlonate appeal of the Poi>e for unity of religion and his efforts to show to all men the beauty of union In faith an<l love.
An«^ther cbaraetsrlstlr i>f f/co's i>ollcy i« bis metho*i of dealing with the move ment of the day manifested In the re publUan form of gocenioient. This Is specially displayed In hla attitude of affectionate persistence In striving to bring the i'athollc element In France to tl»e sifle of the republic. In spite of Ixisult. which h.sa hot been spared, and opposition, which was strong and de-termlueil. he ha* persevered and Is gradually aoftoning beans and wlniilng minds aw.sy from their (giginal prejudices to see where right and common sense are marahaJ«yi together. The g«»T»‘rnment of the republic begins tardily to acknowlodge the advantage*, to be gained by thl* adhesion of the c*m-srrvatlve element of the c»>untry and grudgingly begins to be more Just.
With regard to the United States the Pontiff may be said to hold that country In the most pn«fotind affection. He psjr»ic<>* ar its great exjianslon. at the grand development it has reache<l aud the grander atljl that await» It In the future and. placing momentary or t**in-porary Intermpdooa to this trluniphal V»rogress at their true and comparatlvi»-ly Insignlficent valuA he seas tha cause of liberty an«J the true freedom of religion bringing full harvaata In the Immediate future.
PI8H*>r KKAXES MOVBMENTS.
Bishop K^'one finds Leo XIII. apparently more vigorous ami In better health than when bo saw him laaf. ov«*r five years ago. The rapidity of hla moveDH-nta. tlie vlgt>r of his speech aud gestnres were simply surprising In a man now In hla 83th year. He ex-pr-w*e<l to tl»e Po|k* his exp4*otat.on that Le*> XIII. should lire for ten yi-ars to come. The Pope smiled and said that perluips he had already lived too long, hut that be bad stlU new projects and greet <l»-s1gna which be hoped would turn out to the tH*nefit of humanity and the glory of Ood.
Bishop Keane goes to-mom»w (Sunday* to the country house of the American College at Grottafemta. near Frascati, where he will dine with the rector. .Mgr. O'Connell, and the students. i>n Monday he letives Rome direct for Genoa. Thence he procetHlB to tno shrine at Lourdes, and afterward to the Catholic Scieotlflc Congreaa at Bmsaels. l.ater on he goes to Hng-land. where he will as«iat at the Cath-oUc C/mgresa of the Kngllsh 'TnitJi S<e cietT." and in Sepieail*er he embarks at liven^sM for New York.
A •••tliera r. A. ^•▼eateat.
-«t-'r *>f .1 unlver»itT. -'k« w ioau. descTibiog " Hi'l aetir>o.n>otlve of ! \ ' « nr»» ago. notes that
K -f i.'tr. itself a dl-such imi>ort O' •'.iui.'tnm «*f rHigi<»n ■"t in turn t.. uphold ■ r«ri. h 1» srifli tofupoml ’ t»r»Iin.smy speaking.
rho Itouian Pon
• \ illstinn tti the •«'eulsr , pt ,ke in jt«*
’V T pr»i4,i.,.r1ty. I'mler such
any men but ih*y ...I -• (»;»d a sTn*ng leaning towanl
■< «mservatlam.* and they - • ;i rtnd are. of course, cooser-- :n the right aeoae of the word; 't,. y v<mnot lK*ar anarchy, they .11 «-'ii. iney pray for ii. n..rM and of all Chrta-^ Tl(»-.v ♦-ff»i'tlvely sup-
of onh-r and gr»od gov i I* uaiio' of rtdlglon Is but ii f»»r law »»n the one hand. ;; »lii* <ith«-r. and at thU very ^; ■ : r»‘ it*i prr»fe*«ed enemies but ' - I' d r« ¡/ubJle.ms, aoan*hists
It must be quite annoying to tb:>se of our race who are s.rmpatblr.lng with and Indorsing the A. P. A. movement to learn that the white Reptibllcans of T**xas hare formed themselves Into wh^t is known as ‘The Lilly White RepuWi«-ans.“ and In Loulsiaun as “The White Supremacy I>^gTie.*’ The pnr pose of ls)th of the nrganiv.atiuns Is to draw the color-line In poUtiea .mst as the object of A. P. A-ism is to draw the line of faith and religion In politics. We have no syin^iathy with such move ments. They are unw«>rthv of the 1i>tb century tdrllisation. and the partr <*r nreed that resorts to them deserv»*» the death that It will surely meet with In the end. If the fkmtheniers have never been able t«> naturalise the UepuDlli*an party and Its doctrine In Iholr olline with the priwerful aid of the colore<l rote it Is certain they can not without It. Their actions then are sulddal only, and served for nothing only to drive colored voters into some other party. Even the Boston Herald recognized Ibis In a recent etlition: Said that paper:
It is one of the aigns of the times in the South that the Republican party In that section of the country Is doing all it can to alienate the colored vote, while the I>emoorata ate losing ro opportunity to ctUtlrate It.—Cour.iat,AS IT !S IN AFRICA.
Work of tha White Tathers In the Dark Continent.
The "M*hlte Fathers of Africa*'— : Perea Blancs d'Afidque organized by . Cardinal Lavlgerle for the **i*«‘deuiptlon i at Islam," hove already aceoiiiplished a * work very different from that of the ordinary or extraordliinrv inls.sioii. As far as practical rt*sulls are comMTiied, the ' greatest work done by the great Cardinal and Ills White Army is that directed against slaver^'. AVilllam Sharp, who has an article on the subject lu the August Atlantic, says that Cardinal l^a-vlgerl© "did more tiinn any other single individual, perhaps more eviMi than any ruler or Koveminent, to mitigate the horrors of slavcr.v aiul put an end to this fearful trattic.” .\nother very In-twreSting fad is that tJerniany has rec-ogntxed the go»Kl work of the “White Fathers," for while the Jesuits are denied admission, the “White Fathers" are allowtnl. If they so desire, to t'stab-llsh tbemaelves in tJerinany.
Mr. Sh.arp. who made a Jonniey last year from the freiitler of Mi»rucco to the Eastern Tunisian littorel. t«*Us ns that he t«s»k partl<*nlar note of the great work done, aiwl Is'ing done, by the “White Army." In referring to the death of Uie Cardinal, ainl its probable effect uimn the “Army," he says:
“There seems to b«* :in i<h*a cnrr**iit that with his death the ‘rech-mptloii of Islam' Inpsetl from a graml «‘rnsade to a disorganize»!, casual, ainl g«‘in*rall.> futile nilsslonlsin.
“As a matter of fact. t1i«' ‘White F'a-thers’ are to da.v a b«*tt«'r orgainiz«*d, better dlrecttxl, nn«l iu**re intln**ntlal body than they were in thos»» first y»*ars of hardship and fiery anlor which were tJie outcome of the passionate elo'iu*'iiec and not loss passionate zeal and enthusiasm of the Archbishop <*f Algiers, It is tnie that visitors t«> Algiers and TunlA—and It Is surprising how relatively small Is the iinnil>er of those who go Pirther afield in Algeria or Tunisia than to tlu»se pldnroMpie and popular cl ties, and their kindred smaller ti>wna along the Bart>Hry roast. fr«>ni Oran to Susa may set* little «*r imthlug <»f the •Army of' the Sahara'; p»Tlicp.s. unless at Carthage Itself. »*ven hear little of the dolnga of the White I'athers. But the moment the Sahara is r»*3«‘*h»'*<l. even that htther ¡xufilou of |t «*alh*<l the Zl-bnn. to tho s«»nth of the prt»vince of Constantine, the most eiisnal visitor must have his attention drawn to these Catholic nilssii»nari»*s who have done, snd are doing. »*»► imp«)ri.*iii a work In North Afriea."
In Tunis ther»* Is a small chapel. Notre Oame do Is Mellila, f«*r tlu* use of the Maltese r>*sldentH. In e«nine**tl«»n with this chapel. Mr Sharp relates the following lueld**nt wliii’b he heard in Tunis:
"One day the Cardinal. overl»orne by I mental fatigue, anxiety and disappoint-! ment, went Into the chapel to rest and 1 pray. There was no on«* else present.
I and after a time his head fell forwanl on hi» liretua. ami he was sound aiUerp. Waking suddenly, he l>eh«*ld an extmnrdluary' light upon the painted window repr»*seutlng St. Angustlne, bis mother. St. Monic.a. ami St. Cyprian. This light did not come from tin* glow of the sun. hut was full np«*ii them, us though r'ast from a gr**at l.imp. He turned, aud beheUl standing m front of ths altar, a figure whi<’h h»* ree«>giiized ns that of Rt. Nyinphani'ni. the first recorded martyr of Carthage. Tlie rijilnt spoke; but all he sahl was. *.Moii frere en Jesus Christ luitre Selumair.’ That, however, meant that the first martyr of the Church in Carthng»* hail«*«l «>m* also who was to die ther»* in martyrdom, though not a martyr nn«ler *llr»*ct tyr-any, but beneath tin* woigln «*f t«»ll and anxiety and long ♦•mluramM* and the KlekJiess of ever <b*f«*rr*‘«l h«»P'*. The
weary Cardinal aros»*, <*itlier t«» advam*e to ilo obcisaiic»* l»ef«»re St. Nymph:ini«»ii, or to assur»’ himself of th*- v**rliy of his vision, when tin* S.aiiit, tunilng and pointing to the s«»nth. ami making a g«f*«ttiro with his arms :is timngh em-bniciug all from the East and from the IVewt. Hudileuly dÍH;ipp«‘ar**d.
*T>avlger1<* went forth <lc»*ply im-pressetl. H«* Im*1h*v»*<1 In* had In*»*!! vouchsafetl a vision that p«»rt»*nded not <*nly his dentil dniitig tin* carrying out of his s<*heim*s for tin* I’lmrch In Africa. but al»w> the snoeess of his gr«it mission for the nslemptlon of tin* Moslem world—all that vast world which lay eastward and westward and .away to the limitless S«»nih fr««m Carthage. • • • The liicUloiit Is om* that inigbt
well have happ«*m*il t»» enthusiasts of a nature different fnmi that of Cardinal I^avigerie. • • • H»* was a dreamer,
It Is true, hut he <lr**aim*<l along the lino of his teuiis*ram«‘nt; ami that teni-p«i-ament was an oH«4*iitialIy I ..at in one, dlríH-t, l<»g1cal. unmystical. milraiis<<*u-dental. • • ♦ One dr»*ain «)f tin* Car
dinal's, not hltliert*» iiiatle public, was to establish a series of i*atln*ili*al cbureh«*« all along tin* African coast fn>ni Carthage to Cln*nin*l (tin* ancient lol of Jnbai and to Tangl* r.s itself, and to dedicate them severally to the great men aud women HK*>o<‘iat**d with the early history of flu* Chnnii in Africa.
• • « • * *
“Again, he lH*lieved in a vast c.xten-sion of his White Falhei-s* brigaile, so that among its mlssloin'i's slnnild l>e men of all races, inclmling Africans t»om Pagan or Mohaniim*ilan, Enropt*-ans, MaJt«*se. Anil»». Knbyb*s. Somlan-ese. Ncgro«*s,-ny, even H«*doiiins. if pi-actlcable. But iu*rhaivs the dearest scheme for fulfilnumt lu his own time, oven though one t<» which, so far as 1 have been at»le to ascertain, no one of Ids biographers or «*0011110111 at'H*s has devoted much, if niiy, ati(*ntion, was the redeniptbm of Arab .Africa through th« e«»nven*ion of tin* Kabil»* nation,— that original Bci-Imt rac«* which I» now practically restiictiHl to the in«»untain-OU» regions of Algeria. Tlu* Kabyles ar»7 to North Africa wliat the Celtic Highlanders are to S«'«>tland, an un-inLxed and ludigeiions, if not probably autochthonous, peojih*; distinct from the iloniiuaiit ra»:® In coninmnal nile. 4n social habits, in lunguiige. in appearance, in character, ami even In religion.
• • • • • *
"It was with this improniislug material that CnrtUual Uavigerio hopetl to create a nation of mlssitninries, a native army of the Crosa. ‘Let loose Kabylia,’ he would exclaim, ‘and in a few* years Mohammedan North Africa will be
• • • • • •
"From what I saw In Kabylia, I feel
sure that the good work inaugurated by Mgr. Lavlgerte can hardly be overestimated. T^t tmfortuuate And ungenerous tendency, to depreciate all hla efforts, and to discount even his apparent succeea, which has done so much harm to a good canke, and in some quarters Imposed it»elf .upon the minds of re-sp«maible gorétumental officials, is not easily to be refuted on paper. To all statistica, argnmenta, or atatements, his adver»aiie<i, tut leas active now, reply by affirming thkt be and hla emlasarlea, have been flrehranda to excite a conquered but fotever Irreconcilable race; that Chiiatlanlty Is unsulted for the Arab, with hie Inherited fatalism, and his domestic, eOclal and communal habits and Instincts; aud that an amalgam of the Arab and the Chii.ntlau ideals is as impossible as a racial blend of Arab and European.
• • • « « *
"I asked a Protestant missionary In Flemcen—on Important tow*u In the extreme west of Algeria, near the frontier of Morocco—why It was that, apart from the question of stntistlcally greater sucress on the part of Catholic mls-sioners, there ieeme»! to be so radical a difference In the way In w’hich the White Fatherd. for example, aud the equally indomitable Protestant missionaries got at the Arab, M«x>rlsh and Sou-dnjiese populations.
"My informant frankly admitted that the difference Is radical.
" *We lack that particular quality of imagination, or sympathy, call It what one will, which enables some missloners literally to be all things to all men. We are. broadly speaking, always ourselves: always English, or Scottish, or American; always conscious of our Protestant calling. <Hir Protestant arrogance, our Protestant aloofness. Naturally 1 believe that In the long run our compensating qtmlitles tell, and predominate, but at first, and for long, we are handicapped.
" ‘Now, the White Fathers, for instance, are not prlmsrtly French, or Catholic prteats, or missloners, of this or that lord spiritual or temporal, but are men preoccupied by a burning zeal ss heralds of a message of vital Importance,—a message Independent of Anything sav# its tmroedlscy and paramount value. To a great extent this magnificent abnegation and discipline are due to Oaffilnal Lavlgerle, who never failed to impress upon the missloners whom he sent forth that the first thing they had to do was to conform In all reasonable reifcects to the manners, customs and haUits of tho Moslem i»eople among whom thej* were to sojourn; to f«*el with Cheik, see with thetr eyes, as much as pofclblo Judge with their minds. To this end he made the Fathers adopt a White robe similar to that worn by the Arab; to this end, he uot only made tb4m learn to speak Arabic fluently, and to be familiar with the Koran and the chief writings upon It. hut insisted CÉX their adequate physical training In hdraemanshlp an^alL ktnds of exercise. 80 that, when *1i 'Whlfd^^a** ther goea amdng- ths la. In^a
way, already one with tnena, /This wine iheir confidence, to start wlfti,* Then, when he expMpds tlie.falih that Is In Tdm, Ha »ya ffftte sfrees upon anything
save the ^ndamental truths of Christianity; that la of course, as he considers them.
“ ‘Above sll. in what he teaches and In what we tench concerning the oneness of God—or rather, tho way we teach that living doctrine—Is a dlffor-eor*e where the advantage la all on his side. The Arab, with his intense faith in the abf^lute unity of Allah, more rendlly follows one who does not con-^l»e his hearer with different arguments regarding the Trinity, but apeaks clearly and logically of God. and Christ and the Virgin—more readily than one who dwells upon a mystery which Is altogether beyond the Moslem coiupreben-sion or sympathy. Moreover, the prlesta do not, aa a rule, say much against Mohammed; rather, they accept him frankly as a minor prophet, but one whose faith l»eoflme perrerte«l even in his lifetime. and whose Influence has been mainly a harmful one.*
"From what 1 saw and heanl tliroiigh-ont the leugtb and breadth of French North Africa, I am convinced that one of the greatest works of contemporary Christianity Is l»eing fulfilled there In divers ways and through divers agan-cles. though mainly through the Instrumentality of that famous prelate w’hose name will henceforth bo llnke<I with those of Cyprian and Augustine as among the foremost glories of the Church of Christ in Africa.”
Afro'Amsricsn Press Association.
RicnifOND, Vs., June27, 1894.
To the Airo-American Press of the United Btates;
The next Annual Meeting of the Afro-Americsn Press Association will be held In the City of Richmond, Statoof Virginia Tuesday Wedné»dsy and Thursday, September 11th, 12 and 13th, 1894.
There 1* much business to be traosscted momentous questions to be discussed and s new policy to be put into active operation. A large attendance is desired, and every editor should be represented in person. Signed:
JOHN MITCHELL, JR ,
Editor Richmond, Va., Planet, President.
O. W. CLINTON.
Editor Balisbnry, N. C. Star of Zion, Secretary.
The pious monks of the Church were the great patrons of the prioters* art. and the nrsl to devote them-el ves to it. SocompleC ely was it commited to their educated direction and untiring industry, that the tenr ■ famlllsrlv employed by them in the first manipulatiocs of the type) were the same as they used In the sacred literature of truth. They have been accepted by the whole civilized world and have desceoced to our own day. This is why we find the place where the printing is done called the "chapel a complete assortment of one size of types is cslled a "font”; the inner room of editor, held sacred from disturbing Intrusion, Is caUed "the sanctum”, and the crude apprentice who up»ets the work by his blunders; is called in good natured raillery the "printer* devil.”
Invitations are out announcing ths marriage of Mr. Edward Baltimore to Him Louiaa Penn, atFoltz, Ind., Wedne*-day at high noon. The reception will take pL^ In the evening from 8 to 11, at 29 WUJow ftreet, Walnut HUla,
ORKAT BRITAIN’S COMI*L.IME\T To Amcrlcsa CTolored Women.
(Fannie Barrier Williams in the Boston Woman’s Era.)
It has been often charged that the Negro is dull and uniuteresting; that he has no racial characteristics that are “sul generis;" no native impulses to deeds and achievements that leaye an Impress in human history, and no place but that of subserviency In the strife of nations. There may be a degree of truth In all this depressing estimate of his worth, yet w*e need not seek far to find refutations more or less complete, 'mere arc so many things that contradict and make ridiculous the old stereotyped conclusion concerning the Negro’s mental and moral worth that it is not worth while to argue against them. It is much more agriieable aud reassuring to make note of some of the evidences that there is a soulfulness and power of captivation everywhere amongst us that now and then surprise and confound our enemies.
We have recently been again reminded that we owe much to the people of Eugland for their gracious recognition of the manhood and womauhwd of the American Negro. ,
Twenty years ago when the American people were still unaccustomed to regard their colored fellow’ citizens as other than serfs, with no status of respectability in America, the British people beard with rapturous delight the sweet singing from Fisk University. These unaffected students so won the hearts of all Britain that chivalry c‘ould scarcely go farther than in the spontaneous attention and compliments paid to them. The charm of Negro minstrelsy w’as not more pleasing to the sturdy Englishmen than the unexpected refinement of these women. Our character as women worthy of womanly recognition was then firmly established In England.
The extraordinary Interest aroused throughout England by Miss Ida B. Wells* thrilling recitals of American savagery Is the further evidence of how British chivalry still regards the colored American woman. If the present; manifestation of British sentiment in our behalf is higher pitched and more definite in Its Influence on American public opinion. It is because Miss Wells represents more Intellectuality and a purpose that lifts her into the ranks of reformers. The unstinted social attention paid to Miss Wells is a pleasing proof that British people are great hearted enough to pay Just tribute both publicly and socially to those of our women who deserve it. What Miss Wells has accomplished In England strongly suggests the Importance of a greater sense of conscious dignity and self-respect among colored women.
If the compliment paid to our womanhood in England means anything, it means that worthy women of the colored race will find more appreciation than they dreamed of, If when they deserve such recognition they will but ex-peflt And demand it. It cannot be denied* that \>ur own prejudices are largt»-ly responaihle for many of the dlsad-vantagéiC that are charged to the otner race. "íhere is a largeness, of warmth of heart here In America that has not yet been discovered to us. These pleasant surprises that are constantly t*om-Ing to us both at home and abroad, as an offset to race resistance whlcil seems everywhere to confront us, shoiild inspire us with renewed courage and c«»n-vlctlon that there is a sense of justice, a philosophic calm of thoughtfulness all about us that we can convert to our own and uplifting, if w*e will but seek it heroically and in good temper.CINCINNATI.
Mr. Charles Davis is iu Louisville, Ky.. today. Rumor has it that Mr. Davisjwlll soon Marry a society lady of New Albany, Ind.
Miss Alice Easton, of Kenyon avenue, had a charming reception on Fri'fay evening, In honor of Miss Daisy and Miss Lulu Hall, of Columbus, O.
Miss Katie Kenney, of Kenj’on avenue, entertained a few of her friends Tuesday afternoon, in honor of the Misses Lulu and Daisy Hall, of Columbus O. Those present were: Miss Ida Liverpool, Miss Daisy Taylor, Miss Aurelia Troy, Miss Alice Easton, Miss Mamie Piumb, Miss Jennie Porter, Miss Maggie Clark. Mies Beatrice Cox, Mias Elizabeth Moore, Miss Beatrice Johnson, Miss Gertrude Hart, Miss Ogaritta Tompkins, Miss Maggie McLcod and Mr. Leonard Smith, of -Chicago, 111.
On Friday evening Miss Cora Turner, of Clinton court, entertained a few of her her friends, in honor of Miss Samie Mur-free, of LfOuisville, Ky., A delightful •time was enjoyed by all present until early morning.
Mr. Ottlg G. Fields, after a weeks stay with his brother in-law, Mr. FKlding, left Tuesday for his home in Tt»ledo.
Master Henry Grand! on and his sister Alice are in Georgetown, Ky., visiting their grondmother Mrs. Emily Miles.
Miss 2^nobla Cox. Miss Eva Nichols, Miss Elizabeth Clark and Miss Leona Travis spent a pleasant d^ with Mrs. Charles Johnson, Newport, Ky., last week who had as her guest Mrs. K. W. Anderson, of Dayton, O.
Mi*s Lizzie Nelson, of 78 Dreraan avenue, Cumminsville, is entertaining her cousin. Miss Katie Nelson, of Lexington, Ky.
Mr. Wallace Campbell, President of the First District Sunday-school Convemion, will pay the schools of Lebanon. O., a visit next Sunday.
Miss Carrie Lewis, of 85 New street; is visiting Miss Gracie Lewis, of Williams-towB, Ky.
Mr. Wm. H. Fielding and his little daughter 'eave to-morrow to visit his mother, at Lancaster, Ohio.
Miss Jennie Cheatham, of Nashville, Tenn., who is the guest of her friend, Mrs. Andrew J. DeHart, of Chapel stretl, leaves this week lor Austin, Tex.
Mrs, Walter Blackburn is visiting friends in Chicago. She left Mackinac la*t week.
Mi^Be8 Lulu and Daisy Hall, of Columbus O.. are heie, guests of Miss Ida Liverpool, of Chapel street. Walnut Hills,
Miss Eva Nichols, of Xenia, has returned home delighted with her visit here. Miss Leona Travb accompanied her.
Miss Grace McSimpson, of Columbus, O., who has been thejguest of Prof. Samuel SsDger and wife, Covington, Ky., has gone home pleased with her stay.
Mrs. Samuel Taylor, of Barr street, is entertaining Mr, I^onard Smith of Chicago.
Dr. William Hadley, of Nashville,Tenn., was here last week, visiting his son, at 245 West Ninih street.
Mbs Anna Belle Spurlock, of Ripley, O.. who was the guest of Miss Mamie Lewis, Fergus street, returned home sud denly last week, on account of illness of her mother.
Mrs. Fannie Scott, of West Court street, is visiting friends and relatives in Lexington and Versailles. Ky.
A Remarkable Gathering of Clerics at Notre Dame.
The first American Eucharistic Convention was c pen* d on Aug. 7 at Notre Dame, Indiana. Amongst those in attendance were the following:
Most Rev. Archbishop Elder of Cincinnati. Most Rev. Archbi«f»op Katzer of Milwaukee. Right Rev. Bishop Maes of Covington, Ky , President and promoter of the Euchari'tic League in the United States. Right Kev Bishop Rademacber, Bishop of Fott Wayne. Right Rev. F. Chatard, Bishop of Vincennes. Right Rev. P. J. Hurth, C. 8. C., Bishop-elect of Sanca,* Bengal, Rev. Father Bede, O. S. B., director-general of the Confraternity of the Adoration of the Blessed Sacrament and d‘*learate from the Benedictines. Rev. Father Fmn, of the Chicago Cathedral, representing Archbishop Feeban. Very Rev. Didler repp’seniing Cardinal Gibbons. Father McElroy. Bishop Tierney of Hartford, Conn. Very Rev. Cluse, the diocese of Belleville, 111. Very Rev. Frif'dland, the diocese of Detroit. Rev. Father Coffey, of tlie Archdioceoe of St. Louis. Fathvrs Dowling and Higgins, the distioguished Jesuits of Chicago. Very Rev. M. Neuman, the provincial of the Franciscan Order. Rev. Father Calaghan.
The tolling of the beds, lobowi-d by the melodious peals of the chimes in the church of the univer.'«ity, anq*^)unced ’o the Thousands gathered on thegrounds the solemn «.peoing of the Eucharistic Convention. The Church which had been ' pened since an early hour for the c >n-veni* rce o* tlie visiting clertry wh » wis ■» d to c«-lebrate mass, wa-* filled with the devout laity long before the lime appointed for the pontifical mass. A sight seldom seen here or elsewhere was afforded the the peoplé when *hev vazed upon «be long line of nearb. 200 clergy, decked In cas sock and surplice, mured abbots and Bishops in «heir flo vfng purple entering
• he large sanctuary, folh>\'ed by the Arch bishop ercorted hy thedeac ns of honor and offcers »if the mas-*. The aisles, wings and the chap 1 * f the Holy Cross opening *nto the raai • body of i«>e church were cro wded with worsliipers.
Father Brinkmeyer, in his address o' welcome, spoke of the L* ague b lag for the perbclion of the sacerdotal life by a close union with the Lord in the Ble-^-ed Sacrament, the fostering and devotion to the Blessed Eucharist a-fong the 1 ity and the influence f«-r go id the organization furnish« d. C nfiuoing he said:
"The Blessed Sncrament is the center of the spiritual life of each and ivery Catholic; more emphatica'ly trué Is this as regards tt.'e spiritual life or the priest. Being one in the love towards this most august sacrament, the pri«‘sts are knitted together by the closest and holiest of ties. Her ce the Importance and blessings of «he Eucharistic Lea^e cann«»t be to easily overesiimated. Its influence forg'>odis beyond computati«>n. The very thought lifts one up to the sttidirae idea of human existence—to contemplate an adoring army of God’s anointed, associated with
• he angles in offering up acts of prá4-e, love and gratitude to our Lord in the Holy Eucharist. What abundant bene-bictions may w’e not look for in the wake of such a society! The movement is In the right direction. It is one of faith, hope and cltarity. This meeting under the crowned statue of our Ble^ed Lady at Notre Dame promises most happy results, aided by her maternal peotection.”
The pontifical ma s w^s celebrated by Most Rev. Archbishop Elder of Cincinnati. Very Kev. Father Brammer of Fort Wayne was assi>tHnt priest; Rev. Father Higgins of Chicago and Dr. Selinger, deacons of hon« r; Kev, J. French, Vice-President of the Univer.sity,deacon; Father Cavanaugh, sub deacon, aud Fathers Spil-lard and Maguire, masters of ceremonies. The music for the mass was rendered by the community choir under the direction of Fathers Kh in and Lstitb. The sermon was preache*I by Right Rev. Bishop Maes i»f Covington, who selected for his text the words: "And it is good for us $o be
here. Let us build thre- tabernncles,^ one for tbee, one for Moses and one for Elias.”
Af'er the niasss the clergy, headed by Provincial Corby, repaired to the Carroll Hall refectory, one «*f the University dining-rooms, while distinguished laymen were entertained by Preside «t Morrissey in the Brownsou Hall refectory. At 2.30 in the afternoon the delegates assembled in Washington Hall. Bishop Maes was elected i» rmauent chairman, and Father O’Rt'.urke of Lovisville secretary. A commendatory brief from Pope Leo XIII. was received by the audience standing. Then followed the reading of papers and addresses until the hour of adoration. Thé c*^llege basilica was thronged with worshippers to see the pro-’ession of the blessed sacrament. The solemn benediction was given from the steps of the main entrance to the university buiding, where the hands of devo.ed brothers had erected an altar. The procession then wound its way to the church, where the final benediction was given by Blsliop Rademacber, while thousands joined in chanting the "Te Deum.”
The Name of the Soldier who Trust his Sword into the Redeemer’s Body.
The name of the soldier who pierced Christ's side with a spear while he was hanging on the cross has been pres rved in the legenrary lore of the Church as Longinus This man was one of the soldiers appointed to keep gi.ard at the cross", and it is said that he was converted by «he mi*-acles which attended the crutixiun. The leg*-nd even goes further, declaring ti«at he was one of the company of watchers set to guard the sepulchre, and that he was the tmly one who refused to be bribed to sny that the body of our Savioo««r had baen stolen by the disciples.
For his fidelity to this great truth Pilate resolved on » is*estruction. On thisaccount Longinus 1« ft the army to devote hisentir»* time to spr« ding the Gospel, but he did this without first gcting perm«ss'on fn»m the Govern* T o« Judea ' r from R«)me he and two fell«»w—o diers whom he »*ad «onverted r* tirci to (’«ppadocia, where they began to preach the won I (»f God. At the ins igaiion of some of the leading Jeas, however, Pilate sent out a detachment of soldiers, who suprised them a« a place where they were holding a Christian meering, and when* they had three crosses set up as an illus«ation of the grea^ tragedy which had occurr d but a short while before at Je«u8ale«»'. All three were killed and beh*-aded, and their iieadsoail^-d upon the crosses and carriecl in trjumph hack to Jerusalem.
SOME NEW TICKLEBS.
LATEST JOKES AND JfSBS , SELECTED AND ORIQINAW^.
■Itaatloa Wsnte«l By a Tonair
Mot Qnlto Barbsrisna—Hla Fim Bs^ aolT«—Flotaste and Jetaam froaa;Nt* lid* of Fan. z..-
An Idoal Coantfy Sklitov.
Firt Way back Citizen—Heard th# news?
Second Wayback Citizen—Eh? Mor» bnrglaries?
"Mighty near it. As th* new editOF of th* Wayback Whoop was goin* homd last night he saw two burglars in Ike Weightlight*8 store. Well, air, that editor just pitched in, shot one of *eflE^ an* caught the other.**
'.That BO? Well, I’m glad we*ve gat an editor at last'what makes hlma^i useful to the public, instead of eittii^ around doing nothin* but writifi*.** .
Young lady of good standing, tired of her present position, wishes to change it for a more desirable one as soon as possibla "Patience,** box 1,(K)0, N. Y. Advervlser.—Judge.
A < enslderate Rmp’oyer.
Publisher—Yuu walk lame. Been kicked out much?
Book Agent—’bout forty timea Publisher (kindly)—Well, leave your sample cyclopedia here, and canvae with this sample Bible until your bnoli gets welL _
Strikt-rs F nd Friends Merchant—I am collecting money to help the bituminous coal miners coir tinue their strike.
Broker—Eh? You? ‘
Merchhant—Yea If they hold out» the stock of soft coal will soon bo used up and our atmosphere will onoo more be fit to breathe.
Broker—GloriousI Here’s my cheoln
A Dinner for Two That Cost Plate.
"History of the cuisine fairlT teems with descriptions of costly meals,” remarked* Louis Davies, of Brooklyn. "We read how that profligate Heliogabalus, the Roman emperor, had a single dish on hie table once that cost $200,000, and how another Roman, Aelin Vertís, gave a supper to a dozen cronies that cost a quarter of a million dollars. Then Vitellius, still another Roman and an emperor, likewise entertaining his brother at a littla snack that used up a couple of hundred thousand; but these were ancient fellows, who had nightingales’ tongues and humming birds* brains and similar marvelous dainties.
Coming down to modern days and plain, ordinary, every-day ham and eggs, I ate a supper once, in Washington, that cost a friend of mina $1.4 JO. A gentleman named Parker kept an establishment where tha Press club is, and devoted it to án-tertainlng gentlemen at sundry games of chance. One night tha , friend 1 speak of and myself we^ killing an eveqing there together, when we conceived the.brilliant idea that a visit to Parker’s would be just the thing. We put it -Into execution at once. I have never gambled la my life, and my friend has not dona it since. Wo went up stairs and entered the room just as supper waa announced.
"My friend did not want to eat anything, but I was hungry, and when ' some plausible rascal of a dealer told me that there was broiled Smith field ham, flanked with pullet’s eggs as a sort of side issue to the otherwise gorgeous feast, I broke for the supper room despite my companion’s pleadinga Of course, ha followed me, when he found hie protestations were useless, and we enjoyed the feed immensely. When we oame out my friend pulled out a twenty-dollar bill and said he would play a turn or two to pay for ou* supper. I begged him in turn not to do it, but he was as obdurate aa I had been. But why liuger on tha misery. Ho lost his tweuty-dollar bill and tried to get it back. In two hours $1.40J were gone glimmering.
I have never felt so downright hungry since that a slight request from a mere acquaintance cannot keep ma away from a dead-head feed.**
Squir els.which are often supposed to hLbernate. retire to their nests only in very severe and prolonged frostf. A slight fall of snow merely amuses them and they will come down from their trees and scamper over the powdery heaps with immenipe enjoyment. What they do not like is the snow on the leaves and branches, which falls in showers as they jump from tree to tree, and betray them to their enemies, the country boys. During a mili winter they evan ne«^lect to make a central stora of nuts, and, instead of storing them la big hoards near the nest, just drop them into any coaveplent ¿ole they