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American Catholic Tribune (Newspaper) - August 20, 1892, Cincinnati, Ohio LmerieanT ribune.r;    Els    Eatasne*    Cartinal    aifelMoa,    ArctibUtaop    ol    BaltlBora,    Hi.,    Oia    ■oil    R«v.    AreMbUAon    of    Glnolanatl,    and    Plilladalplita.    tha    Rt.    Bar.    Blaliopa    of    Covtngton,    Cy.,    Coluilmi,    0..    BfelUBoni,    Ya.,    Ytncamiaa,    Ind.,    and    WIlHfiigtoai    Dal, VOL VILCINCINNATI SATURDAY. AUGUST 20, 18S«2 NO 23mu[ Ol tlie    Kt*\.    Bishop ot C’oviiisrtoii, ON THE INFIRM PRIEST FUND.I AMILI.r- TAI L, l»y the riert y < f G '1 an*l tlu- f.-iví^r •t the iioiv Ap^:*l .i> Siv, liiiih'*!» of c.«% .Iigt-t. y.j . >,r    >r'    (ht f l'T'jya -d C/»'’*    >f I’ftUdrt n •y'    find *ff f’Ur Ixfvd    C’Ar/H’'    .- We are convinced that all the faithful of the dioceae are readv and anxioo' to give an auxioas support to the pri^tii who devote their time t) the spiritual welfare of tTepe«»ple. Yet, ih • priest, with a •elf'.sacnfice obliviu)U¿ of all human praise, doe» bis w®rk f iT biehest consideratioo, fo>r lov» of tiod and of souls. The yearly allowance of which he is sat-i-stied, is barely sufBcieni to co>er the needful expenses of a most frugal life. Faithful to the precept of the l)i\ine Master, he cares not tor to-morr<«w; he is not solic tou« about fooi and raiment (Malt, vi.), and he leaves tae future in (Tod’s hand-. roLíiJeBt that Iiivine Providence wilj takv cart- <-i hi to. 6iich ahne-“i^t on. Leioit it i>*. I- expected from the prir-t- by th* Holy Catholic Chuuh. Her faithful ‘*tns do not ♦m iie her great r,f ? he pi iesthocni and the supernaturai aim . f their ‘Ives and laW.'rs however,    man    t)    a\ait hi;o-e'.f 'd‘ the Lnmaii mean- jdaced it hi' di-po,ai I ' -ati-fy his daily want'    wi.iNt    enc-^riragiag and in som- way e:.f«*rcing ihat studied neglect d temp*>ral wealth in the prieHth * *d, the CnurLh make-it the duly of thf bi-ihnp to pr«»vide lor c-onting.-Dc‘e'. Father f the s::lergy and their re-p'inaibb* head, he IS b^iond in coOM^ience to care f r the fuui-e wants »>i those** who reach an age the inabilities of wl.ich prevent h:in from further active work in the holy mini'Jtry. When ordaining young priest', the bishoj) is held responsible for their -uppori 'hur«ng th»'ir n«t irai life, wiuthei v.h y he aciivf to lUe h* iy mini'try, v»r disúh’.ed by t^-Uiy intirrn'iy. That re-jKinsibi ity had no i^rr ‘r-for a bi-hop in the age* oí faith. I*eopi«- without inimetiia'" heir- to claim a natural rig'nt to the r weiUh •Ol,anted it an ii »nor to grive part «»f ^.heir estates to the Church, and thr income of that a» ciiraulate»i fund, provided by the generO' ty -if the faithful, relieved the bishop ,»f all anxiety with regard to the comfort* ab e ' .pport Ot priest- in their old tge. Hat    times    have changed.    *The C achings and practice of the H«dy C atholic Church in America are the ■same a- in Aposiodc limes. .Slie hid' lier clergy, ¿eek tir-t the king-lom *,f <f,.»d and it- ;u-tiee Matt. . i.. -j    ami not to c.are ahoui    tem- puralitie-. <>ur ¡,rie-l3 have beeii i-ilueaie'l at the same oM sch*, or -elf-deriial. ami the yeai ly pAtanc»-‘liev are contented with, t" ki-e]i > eiv an«i .s ul togeliu 1‘, leStirie- to *he fai-i li:at they unhegrudingiy i»r icli..-r ihe prei ■ pt- of un.'elHsfihe-.-wmicii h.a\e been i.iogtjt them. Hut 'he -tan^i ird of ii.e w or: 1 ha-<-han*jed very m .vh. Virtue un 1 re-■ ig oil art* i;o loiige; a -l.iu lard »*f «•‘rtn. \Vlul-t the ability t • -p’n •iouuent phrase- in the ) u.pit, an i to tickle the ' ar w iih eymoal- and 'oun hi g bra-.-, c<» uman.I' big sala ric- :‘r    :    . e\t n    C>.ri-tian commtini' tie-, lie    -iieiit    umi.-teiitaliou-    wurk of the Catholic»!, which, b’ivji^u- of -.If and at the risk ot M a’th and life, practices day and ml::'- tiie    inini-try whicii L'hrr-t e-tui«.i-iit-1 Dt the salvation • f -••a’.s. iv unheeded by the world, it i' n -t - iihi iently appreciatevl even O'    WÍ1 , are the object and Im-Ui- iri ' of - eh ilisinlereated labor-. No adeipiate eompen-alion i-•given by the people, or i.- demanded bv Ch’ll ei, a .th'^'rity from the con* *1!", 1 r th»* iiie.-tirnable ser-\ie s ren ieied by th* in the inlere-t- *•: men*» s.>ui-. Nor are any * an is available l »r tiie great duly "f pri.vidin;^ f^r tne decent -upport of the few prie-i, w ho are strong eiiougli to -aivis»* liie ex-liau-ting w ork t'f their ear.y a» live ministry. It i**, iher» fore. wilii » Jtiridence in the aiet t;on of mir pet.pie for the ■«•lergy. wath eontideuce in the jii--tice <o -mr claim-, that we lodavcall - ipon you to proviJ»*f«>r the future »t siur prie-is. They do not come to as beggars for daily bread; their 'work can imt be purchased at -o material a jiriee. Their Bishop demands of T"U today that their future Ije put beyond the poaeibility of ■want, and that they, left wholly to the duties of their otfice. be fret* from tl»e sad questionings, wliich will -w'»*!! in a man's heart, who will s:.wke care oí them when thcir da^'s jf uaefulness are run. And as no practical measures have so far been Xaken, or could w ell be taken for that siurfH>s^, we repiest that you, the Tailv . repair the - id neglect of former years. We art* aware ot th»* fa« t ihai m -t uf the piri-he- >-f lie lb»ce-f* wonlti be unable V | i. \ide for the supp.-rt • >f'i pric-i wb • ir.cap:»citat'*d tr**m furth--r work at the -an: - time that thcv support the p;i-lor w h* i- actively engageti ir. the ministry. Hence whilst we have a right to demand such support, and the Tnird Plenary Council of Hallimore makes it the bishop's duly to get it, we have after mature consideration and deliberation. decided so trust to the generosity c f the laitv of the diocese to create a fund which will meet all.the exigences of the clergy. We will not even tax ibe several congregation- ot the diocese, but rely on the free contributions of every parish and miaaion to enable us to face that urgent conscientious duty of providing for it. The priests themselve.s have chee/-fully agreed to give out their scanty earnings ten dollars a year each to help the starting of the necessary fund. A yearly toneetion for that laudable and nece-sary purpose will henceforuh be taken up on the iSun-day after the lóth of August. We Will then, little by little, without imposing any percept ble additional burden on the p ;ople,gather an '*In-nrm Priwsi Fund," the income of which we w ill tree parishes from all extra iiurdtn-, and secure at the satne time the indejiendent support which pries’- are in justice entitled to. In pur-:iance of this plan, Lext >undaCs c->IIection will be taken up f r the “Iiirirm Priest’s Fund.” and we ca i upon the faithful to give <jenert»U' -ense (>{ justice and gratitude '.iOur |>e»*pld if many of the wealthier members of each congrega-tion are nut an.xious tn give more than a j)as-ing ct*nlr butiou t«* this fund. We r»*«juesi ail who wi-h to give more than five d'dlnr- t«»ward.s It, to Send their c.*ntribution and narue directly to u-. Tie- fu d i- expected to yield, after a few years, suthcient income to relieve e\ cry c<*ngregation of the Imr len Of supporting infirm priests w ith'<ut encroaching upon it-capital. I'nder our supervi-ion. a board of director- and a in-asurer of thisfun»! will l>e appointed, and the whole matter put on a busine-» and hnan-cial footing, wh ch will secure it against all future conting n ie-. L>-r (iriests may well- without de-meauing ihemseh es in the duly of c«»ntributing very liberally towards this object It is not iheir own cause they are to plead. It is the cause ot the people themselve- who are thus to secure a perpetuiiy of able bodieil priests to attend t»* their spiritual want-. We,, direct the clergy to conimenn this collection, ev«ry year, on the Sunday preceJiug the fea.-l of the Assumption of Our I. idy to the generosity of their congregation. T’hey are iicreby ordered to h.uve this eolloc-li‘*n taken up c»n Sunday, August J 1. I ''•♦l.', and forward lo our Kev. Sec reiary before the 1 ">th day of .'September, the yearly colleetion gathered in their re.-peetive churches and, iogeth» r wi h their <»wn cou-triliuiioD ' f tHu dollars; he, uiiti! a trc'O-ur» r ;- app >int» d, will care for in- -.v:    ki * |.aug ot tne fund. 1 lo- pi-tora! l»*llt-r shall be read at a’, tile II. I--.*- oí Sunday. August '.4. 1-D_. iii » v»*ry chiircn «d itu* di f c»-'e, ali i 1- ' M.n iher- afler as p..s>i-ble Hi t • ¡iiis'ion-, .iiid ••very rector i.- heit-by ordt-re i to -eeitiat it- prov-i.sion- a!v carried into effe> < »i ven at o'lr re-idence on the \ igil ot the fea-i of .-¿t. 1.1 wr»*i; “e. .Vugnst U I-;<jTUB PKKSKNT l»OSIT10X OF THi: cm K( H OF FN(i LAM>. A. \i -r. II. "If .• «    1    , •*. e iii'Ot' Ilf i u'J.on ot tn»’o    i    j«'.    j.-rinitt»»'! everr mi»inlier. - 1 ti. t ■ t *.■-■ V-- .jt    HI h:- plea-ur** ariT art •    ‘    • j r a. • « oiiid f.ili into *    ‘    • i iwiom; •».    .    l w <a .1 h*-H ini>n'T**r of uti- Ik . •-!    \    ' Such a j»!i:egmalic organization as the Cliurch of England an 1 her oiT--pring. the Kpi-copal body in the I’niled States, are drifting in the currenis of the limes. I'nable to stem the tide of unbelief, everywhere prevalent in Eogland, its Church establishment i^ rent bj* discord, the equal of wliicli has never been seen in its anamalous history. Change and chance are njw especially the notes of the State Church, and asan int**gral part of the (Government it i- de-tioed to undergo the same mutations which parliamentary enactments may bring about i.iider tne dtiminaiion of “liberal opinion."How' long the Church of Eng and can endure the strain now’ oearing heavily upon Iier as an institution ot the Government is a problem involving the question of disestablishment, and disestablishment means ultimate disolution. Dogmatically England’s ecclesiastic establishment is moribund. The boneless theology of its lea lei s lacks the vitality of resistance, and its inertia is the symbol of decay and death. The controversial energy of its elder divines, full of anti-Popery venom, lives no longer in the alienuatei commonplaces of Prote-i’ant satire. The deiq» religious aw'akening wiiich here and there ma<^ the career »»f Anglicanism wasNalways characterize*! b\' violence of fought and of action. It never had the sagacity to receive new lessons kindly; it never had the understanding spirit by which to guide new issues, save by protest and ridicule. When Simeon became a power in Cambridge University and bis Low-Church Evangelicalism made itself felt in every lecture room in that venerable foundation, and even created a foU low ing all over England, there immediately sprung forth, Minerva-like in panoply from the head of Jove, enemies enough to crush it in a single decade. And "what remains of Simeon and his school*;:' The memory of a pure life, and the dusty volumes of his works on the shelves of second hand b tokstalls uns >ught and unread. The exponents of High Churchism destroyed his strength, and passed him and his follow'ers ovtr to calm oblivion. Within the memorv of this gener^ at ion the disintergration of the Anglican Church is something appalling. Old fashioned H-gb Cburchism is rapidly receding into the background as a factor of power and influence. The Broad-Cliurch element is in the ascendant, and of what a motley group is its makeup! How unique * is the picture of Anglican ecclesiaoticism in the history of the late Frederic William Robertson ! Not many years ago he was a commanding fig-ire at Brighten and magnetized its fashionable hahifues, and h s .sermons when publ shed were the most read of any in Britian. Hie biography by Stonpord Brooke, the free thinking friend of tlieCiown Princess of Prussia, daughter of (¿ueen Victoria, gave a new but not a very jde.asanl impulse to U»bert «>n’s fame- Alas, he too is but a memorv in the shifting scenes of English theological opinion! And w hat of his biographer? The friendship of the C'rown Princess, despite his latiludiganan thought, served him ill many w'ays, but moslconspic* uouslv in calling him from the obscurity of a Berlin chaplaincy to a royol one at Windsor High and Low chu ehiiien were a'ike shocked, and looked aghast at each oilier, wondering what would be the next 'step in the proLrr^'s^ of the establishment under the domination of its head, Her Majesty of Great Britain. Sub.scrip-lion to* the Royal Supremacy has long s’uce lost its novelty as a caricature of Church authority. Called from Oxford and installed as Dean of Westruiusler Abbey, Stam lev became at onee tlie recognized leailer of Broad Churchisni. The turning tide ru**hed on w'ith iiicreas-e1 velcK'ity toward an undi-puted skeplici.sni, and is it t > be w'ondered at? The late Detii S’anley claims to be the first w'ho used the term Hroud Church. In a note appended to his rep iblished e.-say on the“Gor* ham C’ iitroversy,” he says it w'as suggesteil to bini by the late Arthur Hugh Clough, the poet of agnosticism. It i- important to us Catholic, in order to appreciate the disintegration of the Angl can establishment gradually becoming more and more ajipareiH, to kii'*w the definition of Hroad Churchism from its authori-live exponen’. Dean Slanle\. Tw’o prin('iple^, he argues in his e.ssay on the ‘M Gorham Controversy,’’ are inherent in the Church of English and a « tii«*-e: P'ir-t that ‘ the supremacy of the er.twii in religion- matters wa- in realty nothing el e than the -upr».*macy of law;*’ secondly, that the Churcli of English, by the very condition or it- being, was not High or L *w, but Hroad, and had nb^ays ii!clud'*<l, and been m*aiit lo incliule opjc).-ite and eontradictory opinions on poiiiiá even irn»re imj.ortant thin tho'C at j«re.seiit under discuss on.” tlerc then we have candid atlmission of the compromising character o Anglicani-m wbich give point to t ie ajihorism of Lord ('hatham w'hen he spoke of the ••Popish Liturgy, the Calvin Stic Articles, and the Arniiu-ian Clergy” of the C’hurch of England (Guided by thtse principles, the care* erof the late Dean Stanley is easily understood, aad he was par éxctlh tttVf the interpreter of an ecclesiastical establishment. In charge of its venerable Abbey, even Kenan was welcomed as a public teacher, as well as Max Muller. The defender of Colenso and the apologist of the theology of the“ Essays and Reviews” Stanley became a picturesque figure in the Court of (¿ueen Victoria, doubtless in sympathy with the placid character of bis ecclesiastical views. Selected to accompany the Prince of Wales on his tour to the Hol}’^ Land the Dean’s volume of sermons growing out of that journey attests the gentleness of his theology.    * The successor ot Stanley, Dean Cradley is le-s pronounced in his opinions, but the shadow of name and of example will linger in the Abb-*y when its present incumbent is forgotten. Such is the force of Stanley’s individnility. Under the eaves of Westminster is ihe old Church of St. Margaret’s, of which Canon b'arrar has charge. From some points of view he is the counterpart of Stanley, while from others, especially in questions of public morals, h arrar is more in touch with the spirit of the times. Since the death of Cardinal Manning the total abstinence cause in England has no more earnest advocate than Canon Farrar, and his voice and pen to his credit, be it said, have exercised no snail infiuencc in forming public opinion on the drink question. As an interpreter ot Anglicatism, Farrar an Stanley are so closely allied that the difference between them is hardly worthy of consideration. Of the old tegh Church school of Anglican sm little need be said be-yound the fact that it has not only iost its hold in Oxfqrd, but throughout the realm. Since tlie death of Dr. Pusey, its last great champion, it is becoming year by year a tradis tional memory, and never again will it rally in its defence the intellect, aye the very flower of youth Oxford. As a man-made system of Church authority it will live in the writings of the old English divines, and corn's ing ages will read the story of its career on the luminous pages of him who did most to shatter its preten** sions—Cardinal Newman. Cer ain great reforms are coming into prominence, and the Church of Eogland, asan eleemosynary in stilus tion, is doing its share for the betterment of the people. In connection with the crusade against intemper, ance, the mork of caring for the poor and rearing homes for the needy command and receive the co-operas tion ot many of the Anglican clergy. So, too, what are called the Dissenting Churches in England are doing the same. But apart from all that is most admirable in the public economy of the English establishment, a grow'ing sentimeat is gradually weakening its AtatuA as a State inst'tution. The drift of opinion grows visible aniou^ the thinking classes who are losing the traditioual veneration for the Church of England in which they were orought u|>. The pre.sencc and influence of the Catholic Church, the revision of antiquated sentiments in the public mind against her, the zeal purity of her devoted clergy, the illustrious examples of all this ii noble and self denying in her hierarchy, these and many other factors largely figure in giving shape to a {iroblem which i^ill face the coming century. And W’hen disestablishment becomes a fixed fact in the career of Anglicanism, what w’dl be the Lssue.? Political seels some tw’enty years or more ago were fond of predicting the results when the Pope was strip, ped of the temporalities of the Holy See, and how insane their sophistries appear in the [ircsent aspect of Italy! A dilferent onieil of aflFairs will present themselves when the Church of England U diMttabliihad, and when that ev cut .a    uuCui, aitd ilS coming is inevitable, then shall dawn ou England the light of a new era, an era full of hope, as the present is full of prayer, for her conversion to the ancient faith of her realm.— (lixirch BLUFFED THE GROCERYMAN. Th« He .>Ihu*h R»i»iike Was Kn'«»ct- Ire It soiiiHM'liat <.raii«tiloqnpiit. He was siu*h a weak and humble lit-tb* man that when he eame into the KTtK'erv store to make a eomplaint the •lerk was disposeil to Ik* hauj^ity a-nd im j>erious. •‘.May I imiuire,'* lie sa'qk in a still, small voiee. “if any ifentlenian here .sold my wife sonu* hutbM* yesterday’.’” •‘I ^uess I am the man," responded a bifi. brawny fellow, with an inch or two more eliin on him than a <derk usually has neotl of in his hnsiness. •‘Oh, exi-use me,” exelaimed tlie ens-tomer, slirinkine-1 V. ‘‘I meant no o He use. The butter is all riji-lit. but I wanted to say that three i*olors of hair in one roll issomewhat ineonjjfruous. And 1 tliouprht I miebt add al-o a request that if you eould send up a brush and eomh with tin* next sale we would he ev<‘r so mueh oblijred. ()f <*ourse it was an oversiLfht on your part. an<l I am not c*om))lain-injr. you understand—not eoinplainin^, merely suii'”'estin^. ” 'I’he clerk’s fai*e was a stmly. •’.And." went on the little man, “I don’t think it is quite fair to put taeks at tifteen <*ents a pound in butter at forty cents, unless 3'ou make a di.seount for differtoiee in weig’ht and price, or throw in a elawliammer so we can draw the taeks upon puttin.*- the butter on the table.” The elerk was «-aspin»»- and the little man was iroine- ri^rht alon<r. ‘•lii*ferrin>>r airain to the liair mentioned previously,*’ he said, “permit me to say that I find no fault l)eeaus»*of its i[uantity or its leng-th. The ineon^^ru-ity of color was the only objection. In the ohl times we reatl that Sampson had long: hair and a yrreat deal of it, aiul your butter in that respect has rig-hts my entire family is bonntl to re-speet. Onr only re^fi-et is that you did not send it up in a eag’e. ” Hy this time the elerk had fallen np ag-ainst the eonnter, but the little man paiil no heed. ‘•I mi^ht possibly,” he continued, mildly and weakly, “touoh upon its ajfe. but I have some reason to suspect that this butter is made fi*om milk, that tho milk came from a cow and that a cow is a female, and I have been taught from my youth up to abstain from any and all references to age in relation to femall kind, either remotely or contig-uously. Therefore I shall not ammadvert upon that subject, except to remark, incidentally t-hat the phrase, ‘feeble old ag*e,’ daes not in the remotest degree apply to this ease. I wish you’d send up to the house a pound of soda, four bars of soap, a package of stardli, a bushel of apples and twenty-tSve piHinds of sugar. My wife asked me to le«ve the twxler and she said she’d come around herself and see aliout the butter. Wood morning,” and the little man walke.l aieokly_ ouL — D-jtroit fc'i*eo I'res-. THE SITUATION ON MARS. How the Kuclcly Tlanet Appears Throujfh a Telescope. The first sight of Mars through an observatory telescope is almost terrifying, even for a person of good nerves. It is as if one saw the whole earth, with its icy poles, as a solid globe, floating overhead. One distinguishes clearly the dark blue seas and the brilliant, beaming, many-hued dry land—and on this the dry beds of a multitude of lakes, bays, gulf, streams and canals, these latter either parallel to each other or crossing one another at right angles. - As you continue to look, you note the variations of color and of light and shade; and further that the outlines on one edge of the disc pass out of sight, while on the other the landscape expands; you see that Mars revolves on its axis and that the ends of the axis are the frozen poles, as with us. There is a further resemblance in the inclination in the axis, which provides that on this planet, also, the seasons follow each other in regular succession. The ice crust at the poles diminishes in summer, affording demonstration not only that Mars is influenced hy the sun’s rays precisely as we are, but also that the air and water are identical with ours. In fact the meteorology of Mars is now being reduced to a science. Judging the two planets by superficial characteristics, however, one must admit a condition implying a higher degree of development in Mars. The continents of the earth, seen from a distance, present a very tom appearance, and occupy scarcely a third of its surface, while Mars is girdled on both sides of the equator by one continuous mainland, intersected by a network of canals and rivers, the land occupying approximately three-fourths of the whole area of the planet and the water only one-fourth, as a consequence of which it may be that its atmosphere is less clouded and vapor-laden than ours. Peculiarly characteristic is the arrangement in which the geological nature of Mars has laid out the streams (canaLs?). All our streams, without exception, are tortuous, aud all increase in width as they near the ocean. On Mars, on the contrary, the streams flow in straight lines, and are of uniform width from source to mouth. These streams, from seventy to one hundred kilometers apart, have their hanks so well defined as to suggest the idea that they are subject to intelligent regulation. It is hardly possible to conceive that two parallel canals, intersected at right angles by a third, as in Opher land, can be the work of elementary forces of nature. The ques-tit)n suggests itself again by the two canals which flow from ocean to ocean through the island Uella.s, crossing each other at right angles in the center. Not less questionable is the origin of the great blue Lake of the Sun in the center of Keppler land, with it.s three rectilinear canals connecting it with the ocean. Kver and ever the question recurs. Is It poasáble tiiat the crust of a planet whose density is only seven-tenths less than that of the earth can he so that the streams at their origin encountered no imj>ediment to their direct course? Or have they really been regulated h5' the inhabitants of Mars—an engineering feat presenting, perhaps, few serious dirtiiMilties? Hut what most excites our astonishment in conneidion with these canals is that every one of them is <louble. i e., it has its parallel canal alongsi<ie of it, but visible at intervals only. This has thoroughly perple.xed all investigators. The earth lias nothing analogous to aid us to a .solution. On this account the return of Mars is l«Miked forward to with considerable interest. The improvemenj: in optical instruments within the past decade may probably help to solve the i*iddle, or what is ptM'haps still more probable, may pn\s»Mit more riddles of solution. 'I'he occasion of -Mars next return will he the first time for fifteen years that we shall have an opportunit\'of e.xamin-ing his south polar region. Apart from the seientitie interest which attaches to these ohscTVations, it is an immense gain to our intellectual culture to overthrow the pritle, born of ignorancí*. whieli in earlier centuries promptetl man to regard this earth as the one inhabited spliere of the universe. Equal rights for all planets appear to be the law of nature, which certainly has not e.xpended all her forces on this dark cloil of oiir.s.—Yankee Hlade. REASONING RATS. IlftM' Tliey MaiiHi-ed tf» Kegale Themselves «II CMatns. “I heard OHce that elams were the best kind of bait for catfish and eels, and I thought 1 would try them. I got a peek or so of great big fellows and put them in a nice cool place at the back <)T the house, as 1 intended to use them that night. There were many rats about the place. I sat on the back stoop fixing np some fishing tackle, and, looking out at the clams on the grass, I saw several of them with their shells open half an inch or so and the elams peering cautiously out. At the same time I saw a big rat sneaking from the corn crib toward the clams. I had often heard that rats were immensely fond of clams, and I knew that clams had a quick-tempered way of shutting their shells down on anything that obtruded between them, always much to the discomfiture of the intruder. I knew that the minute that he stuck his nose between one of those clamshells the clam would close on it, and I anticipated much fun. “The rat stole gradually up to where the cl'ams lay. He smelled the tempting flavor of their meat. He went within a few inches of one of-the open clams and stopped, as if in meditation. “‘You’ll never get that clam without poking your nose in after it,’ I said to myself, ‘and I’ll bet the clam will have you before you have it.’ “But 1 had yet to become acquainted with Steuben county rats. TTiis rat wanted that clam, nolhing nould be plainer than that, but he evidently saw that thei’e was peril between him and getting it. He stood there a gOi>d while, thinking the matter ever, and at last turned his back on the clam. “‘Pshaw!’I said. ‘He’s going n'way WinioUD taekiiiig ll! and 1 ua>. ij*-po: nted. “But I found out that thi.' rat wasn’t going away without that clam. Ho had figured out that if he once stuck his nose between that clam’s j aws it would be all daj’ with him, so he turned and switched his tail between the shel s. Snap! they came together, and the rat couldn’t help giving a sharp squeal, showing that although he was strategic he was not above feeling pain. “ ‘Maybe that’s a smart move,' I said, ‘but the clam has got you. just the same, and what are you going to do about if?’ “I soim if aw. The rat started away, heroically dragging the clam with him. Ho went off toward one side of the yard, which was four feet higher than the road and supported by a stone wall along its edge. At the foot of this wall was a flagstone sidewalk. The rat dragged the clam straight to the top of the wall and jumped oft. I stole up to the edge and peeped over. There lay the clam shell, broken by its fall on the flagging, and the rat wa.s regaling himself on the clam at his leisure. “I returned to my seat on the back porch, the most amazed and wondering man that ever lived. That rat had reasoned the whole plan of his pro-ce'dure, and when he had a dead sure thing on that clam the instant it closed on his tail. By and by the rat came climbing back up over the wall and scurried away to his haunt. But he wasn’t long away. When he came back he had half a dozen other big r*ats with him. “‘He’s brought’em in to share the picnic with him!’ I said, and there could be no doubt about it, for in less than ten seconds seven elams had closed on seven rats’ tails, there were seven squeaks of pain, and seven rats went plunging over the stone wall, and seven clams were carried to destruction against the stone walk. “ ‘Well,’ said I, ‘if the tails of those rats hold out I won’t have any bait left for to-night.’ “I concluded, though, to see them go through the performance once more and then end the show by putting the clams in a safe place, as I was satisfied that the talent of the Steuben rat was indisputable. Presently the rats came si*ampering back over the wall. They came back to where the clams lay. but instead of offering their tails ag'ain, huddled together as if holding a conference on the subject. The result of it was that they all scurried away toward the corn crib. •“They think more of their tails than they do of clams, I guess,' said 1. ‘The clams ’11 be safe enough now where they are, I reckon, until I want to use them.’ ‘•It was a lucky thing for me that I didn’t go away and leave them there, under that impre.ssion, for in less than two minutes back the rat-s came running. Each rat had something in its mouth, and as they got nearer I saw it was a piece of corn cob an inch or so in length. Before I had time to think what in the world these rats were up to this tiine I saw what it was. Each rat went up to an open clam, set the piece f>f corn cob upright in the opening, ami there the shells were propped oj>en the neatest kind, and the poor clams were at the mercy of their cunning foe. Each rat dragged his clam from his shell, and, as 1 needed no more evidence of the smartness of those r*ats and did need the clams. I appeared on the scene. The rats ru.shed home with their prey, and I took the clams that were left into the kouse. So you see there must be a great difference 1k*-tween the Jerse3'rat and tlie rats of old Steiiben.”—N. Y. Suiv A CONGREGATION OF GODS. Hosl« of Ilivlijities in an .-XiM'ient T«*nq*l**. Anxmg the grand moHunients of Buddhism to be seen at .lajian s ancient capital of K\'oto, perhaps the most impressive is the temple of San-ju-san-gen-do, or the 83,”*33 g‘>ds. Its faeade, 8SÍ) feet in length. i> purtlj’ closed bv enormous shutters swung from above, and the dimness of the light admitted adds to the soml>re solemnit.v of the si>eetaele within. This represents one-half of tlie great companv c>f itlols: all images of the eleven-faced, thousandhanded Kwannon. the popular of merc\’. There are in this portion of the great silent oongregatitni ."iOO figures, five feet high, each distinctl.v visible in their eleven-tiei'ed gallerv: a similar arra^' occupies, in line with this, the other half of the building; in the center is a liuge altar, surmounted bv a giant Kwannon. surrounded b^' her twentj’-eight attendants. The total number of 88,888 is obtained b^’ including the smaller effigies on the foreheads and haloes, and in the hands of the full-sized divinities. Though all of the latter rex^resent the one goddess, no two have the same arrangement of hands and obj ects held in them. According to tradition, the head of the great central Kwannon contains the skull of a Mikado, who, tortured by headache, was informed b\’ a monk that the skull belonging to his bod^' in a former e.vistence laj’ at the bottom of a river, attached to the root of a willow tree, the shaking whereof when the wind blew, occasioned his majest\*’3 freqiient suffering; which ceased when the skull was transferred to its present exalted depositoi\v. Here as in all other temples of the ancient capital of Japan, the costliness and perfect preservation of \he edifice, and the devontness of priestly officials and passing worshipei-s, were remarkable, A striking instance of the people’s high esteem for their sanctuaries was the offering of women’s hair, forming the ropes used bv’ workmen in rebuilding the temple of Higasbi-Hong-wan-ji, the largest in the land. A coil of oord-age several inches in span was piled on the unfinished flooring; it weighed 10,-000 pounds, and was more than 4,0fOO feet in length; a similar quantity’ had beoo already used. We were not surprised to learn that, notwithstanding the readiness wherewith manj- Japanese, with characteristic national versatility, have adopted the “western religion,” outbreaks of Buddhist opposition to Christian work still occur.-—^Juiver. PERisONAL AND IMPERSONAL. —A (Georgia man has in his possession a palm oil lamp made in Madrid. .Spain, in 100-1. It was dug up in the woods some time, ago and is .suj)posed to have been lost bv' Ponee de Leon. —An English manufacturer, while examining the textui*e and quality of some bandages found on a mummy, was astonished to find that the arrangement of the threads was exactly like that which he had patented a few months before, which he had supposed to be an independent invention of his own. I —A'resident of Fitchburg, Mass., is in luck And in trouble at the same time. He is wanted to receive $10,000 left him by will for stopping a pair of runaway horses and saving a young woman’s life. The reason he can’t be found is that ho disappeared last fall to escape a judgment of $1,000 given against him ia court. —The Hindoo prince soon to visit England, the Gaikwar of Baroda, is one of the most progressive rulers in Hindostán. He does not want costly buildinga merely for show, but spends his money preferably on schools, railroads and drainage. His personal character im good aud he is philanthropic in hia instincts. —Congressman Tillman, of South Carolina, is said to be the most vigorous man for his age in Washington. He is now sixty-six, and his beard and hair are white, but he is as straight aa an arrow and has a constitution of iron. Like Hannibal Hamlin, he rarely wear» an overcoat, and once said to a friend that such garments w’ere for women and invalids. —An Itali'an woman in Ne-w York, one day last week attempted to enter the street cars with a small goat, but was refused admission bj' several different conductors. She then stepped to tho sidewalk, removed her shawl and wrapped it closely around the goat and so deceived the next unwary conductor, and got a ride for her pet, to the amusement of a crowd of on-lookers. —Frau Probsti, who enjoyed the distinction of being the heaviest woman in Europe, recently died at Traubring, in Bavaria, at the age of 41. At her death she weighed over .Y50, and on account of. her enormous weight it was impossible to carry her coffin from the first story of tlie in which she lived. Oonse-qiientlv' boards were put down the staircase, ov'er which the coffin was slid. —A pretty story is told of Mrs. Julia Ward Howe to the effect that when she was a child of only nine she was so charmed with the meloiiy of the Italian language as she heard it in a class of other girls that she secretly protmred a grammar, and studied by herself until she had gained sufticient facility to write the Italian teacher a letter in her own tongue, asking permission to join the clas-s. —FGx-Queen Lsal>ella’s chamberlain, the Marquise de V , is a man of expedients. He is a retired naval ofticer and better versed in marine matters than in social duties. At an evening reception given by the ex-queen recently the refreshment table was organized on so e.xtensive a scale that there were not enough tablecloths in the house to cover it. The chamberlain thereupon cau.sed the board to be draped with sheets, at the juncture of the hems of which nosegaj’.s of flowers were inserted. The guests were amused as well as amazed by the novel makeshift. "A LITTLE NON^NSE.-' —laterar^' Ladv—“I am    fond of Bacon, aren’t you?’’ Unliterarjr Gentleman—“Can’tsaj’ as I am. but I like haon aud eggs.”—Pharmaceutical Era. —It is an accepted fact, recently discovered b\- scholars, that Noah had beer in the ark. Thek'angaroo went in with hops and the bear wa.s alwa\'s bruin. —Naming the Form.—Miss Elder (to the dentist)—“Is it g’ood form to take an aiiesthetie. Dr. Molar?” Molar—“O, \'cs. madam; chloroform.”—Detroit Free Press. —In Bo-'toii.—Miss Gotham—“Ilavo \'ou ever been west?” Miss Boston (with a traveled air^—“(^)li. ves, I’ve been in New York several times.”—Detroit Free Press. —“B-e sure to shake before taking,” said the druggist as he handed his customer a bottle of ague cure. “I always do.” replied the customer, griml\'.—Vermont Watchman. —‘‘You borrnw»*d a fiver of me the other tla.v. .vou know.” “Ya-as.” “I’d like to have it back if j'ou c*au ” "But. mv deah bov. I’ve spent it.”—Indianapolis Journal. —How obtuse some people are! When ^Vigglesten was asked bv Miss Floi'a, whose aff’eetious are centered on her I>ug Punch, if he liked dogs, he the stupid fellow replied:    “1 don’t Ivnow; [ never ate a*n_v.’’—Boston Transcript. —Merchant—'T regret that I can’t have these goods charged, as I don’t know who vou are.” Mrs. Meter—‘‘My husband is the plumber who is rejjalr-ing the leak down stairs now.” Merchant—“I beg \'our pardon, madam. Your goods will be sent home at oiiee.” —The phonograph will do real service when it is set, chime-wise, ia a clock, and sings out:    “tGo home! Go home!” to the too social caller. The phrase might be embellished without limit for subsequent rounds ou the dial. This is of urgent importance and should command Mr. Edison’s attention at once.—Boston Commonwealtli. —“I’m going to see if you know anything about arithmetic. Johnny. How man\^ aiv ten times two cenbs?” asked L’ncle (George. “Four.” said .lohnny, innocently. “!” said LIncl© (George. “Bet 3'ou an apple, and leave it to papa.” “Done,” said L*ncle George, “Pa,” cried Johnnj’. “ain’t ten times two cents four nickels?” “Yes,” said papa: andJohnn\' got the apple.—Harper’s Bazar. —A w’itness who had given his evidence in such a way as to satisfy everybody' in court that he was committing perjury, being cautioned by Justice Maule, said at last: “M\’ lord, you may believe me or not. but I stated not a word that is false, foi* I have been wedded to truth from my infancy.” “Yes. sir.” said Justice Maule; “but question ia, how long you have been q widower.”—Times.

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