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American Catholic Tribune (Newspaper) - August 18, 1894, Cincinnati, Ohio I C B N Jonrnnl iS: 91 American 'Catholic Tribune. Approved by His Einineiiee Cartliiial Giblmiis, tlio Most Rev. Archbishops of New York, Chicago, New Orleans and Philadelphia, the Kt Eev. Bishops of Detroit, Colnrabns, and Richmond' VOLUME IX DETROIT, MICH., AUGUST 18 1894. APPOIMTIENT OF BISHOPS Tbs sppointmeat of bWiIiapt is unques-HofMblj tbc preroipitiTe of tb« Holy 8oe. Tbe toeceMor oi Qn. Peter, poeacasiag the priBMfeCT of juriadkrtk». hat tbe right to det'rmioe by ▼Irtoe of hif divloe coin-mt—irni who ere to rule with him over tbe flock of ChrUt. Do tbe other bend. It ii raoally oerteio that the Pope may allow otacr* to have a Toloe in tbeae appoint-Best#, aad •• a matter of fact, there bare aiieea ladlffereai age* aad is different laeaHtica, with tbe ezpreaa or tadt permU-•éofi or approeal of Rotne. earlout forms of proHding for eacaot dioceaes At the cioae of the apoatolic period tbe bUhopa of the prorlDce eh ctcd tbe new bishop: at thb Yixae tbo diocesvn clergy frequently were praaaltted to participate in tbe elec-Boa. aad aotDet'roea the faithful were cal'ad upon to siee their opiaioo oo tbe qualiflcatioaa of tbe caadiate. although, a* H would acem. the real ejection wa-aeeer entruated to laity, tbe middle ag«B a »ew aystexa came into rogue. Aronadthe cathedrals chapter* had heeo formed, eompoaed of the clergy of tbe •piacopal city, sang the dfeloe office* In the Cathedral. «Iteaded the Biabop in poutiflcal fuactioo* aad aaai#ied him In tbe admiaár ratioa of the diocnae. Tbeae chapter*. wihtch we oiar call the blahop'* am ale or oouocil. obtained ia almost all tbe cities of Europe the right to elect tbe new biahop. For aerml oeotories this was the cuoimoe method of epiaropal aelectioo. but it ia lam gare place U» aaother Tbe CbrbtisD King* aad Kmneror* were frequently great he efacfori of the Church DTOteeilog It in i B rights bofldlog msgni-flceat cathedrala aad richly eiKiowlng them la recogniUoo of tbeae serrlce* in the holy cause of the faith the piieilege oí •oaiaatlag hisbopa granted to tem^^jira] rulera. Thia «yatem was found to work eery ■arUlactoiily when Kian aad prioce* were derout Catholic*. ffiVeo with the spirit of faith and d*sirous of promotiog the welfare af the church, but ta o*her case*, only too numerous, the fy*te«a of royal aomtnatlrn* led to grare sbuae* aad to the decay of ecdeslasticsJ dlsdpUae and order COFSTLTATIOS a HD rKLtBEÜATIOK. In the more recently seüled counirie». wlhfre the CTiurcfa la not hampered by old coUom» azsd traditions, the method of fr» acpointment dirortly by the Holy Father blaaaif ia generally in oae But 'since il e Holy Father cannot koow the needs bf diaUat area, aad since he is not persooally acviuafntol wHk their clergy, be usualiy ms^e* the appointments only after prv-sioua mnsuUatloo, deliberation and in Taatigalkiii. Fully aware of tbe grrat im portaace of aelecifng for the high paatoraJ clSqe only sxtch mea as may bedisttnguish rd for ririue. sealaiHi icaraiog. tbe Holy Fa^er has establlabed rariour methods b% wluñb he may obtain information regard Kig't^ character aad ability of those wbo are k>. wear the mitre and bear tbe golden croauf. In England the cathedral chap-tecaap|<*<;t the aamea of prieau who are cous^rad worthy of the digaity. Tbeae nanaea are eubmltted to the btsboM of tbe froTtaos and then farwarchid to Home Ii relaud tbe cannons of the cathedral chap-lar. legether wkh all the pariah priestsof sake the selecUou af thne to be recocnasetxiad to the Pope In Canada tbe blihopa of the prorinc: se leetth* ftitre aaxaea. Tike method DOW in eogoe in Cana la pgiralkd substantially in this country fur majy jtar*. but was changed in a radka maaoar by tbe Third Pieeary Couocit of Baltiatore. which met jmt tea yrars ago. The council gare to the dergy of the ra faat *ee a rotee in tbe aelecl.on of th« ir peoapecttre ^ide aad ruler. Th'.a roke b not granted to all members of the dloce-mm cifrtr. but la restricted u> those wbo hold OfTtsta DEKwe eroioent stations, name'y to Ibi^iocetaD oonaultors aad the irrrmor abb rartora. Of tbe fortaar cias* there shnukS'be wbea possible sir in each diooeee. thra^ being chosen freely by the bishop kigaaelf and three being choaen by the biehop from among tboae for whom iht* cier^ htre roted. Tbeae Bs consultor* hhid ihdr oflke for three ytar* and oor respond in a rrmoie degree to tbe old ca thaorml chapters. The second claas of roters la coospoard of thr trrrmorable rrc lor* of the dloc> ae. Tbe rectors rone rpoad to caaoslcal narish priests and were hitrodured by the Third iTemarj- Council aa the first alopa towards the e^hlpth meat of cancmical parishes la this country MAKIKO TH* raoica. When it hsppec« that aa episcopal ace hat loiEl its ruler, the cooaultors and the frreaaoeable rectors of the diocea* hold a meeting, at which the Archbishop fif tbe pfOTiac* preside*, aad select three names to be a^nt to RcNae. Tbe prooecdloga of tk>« coeclare are simple but impirsui^e. Tboae who arc entitled to rote mu t swear sele^aly that they will hcgotdcd by neltb er fear nor faror but will conarientiouslT ^iffrlre to aelect a worthy ahepherdlees flock. Th* ducted by arcret ballot aaases hare rcceíTed aq ^^qrity of the rotes cast. It Is customary to setikon the order or rank in which they arsio be prraented t>»e t« designated simply as ''worthy.** aaother as ‘ roore worthy"* and th^ third at **moat worthy.‘ A report of the proceedings Is drawn up i^»f<cretmTj CÍ the peetiog. who de Ur*an two cof^ thereof to the prcsi i n^ . predate One of these cop4e« must be fur-s^scrded to Rome, while tbo other ia to be to the Msbopefcf the prortnce. ^ mreiJng of the dioceaan clergy . ]s. ji^eUnc of the bf^opa of the province nmst be held. In this meeting the aasem •» bled blabopa diacusa tbe three names cho .jait. by the priests, and then proceed it / rm a Hat uf ’their own. In caae tbe blab «rpa deem it prudent to deriale from tbe lial presneted by the jptiutu. they must . date in their letter to Ifome tbe reaaom tiuit led tbam to the step. It la dear, therefore, that tha bishops list    bt different. eith« r wholly or in |uit. from yhe prkavi* list moat be forwarded to Iht Roly Scr. The reports of these mettbiM are sent to Roaneto iheCoogregatloa of tbe Pro ■ "pugstioo of t^e Faith, a committee of Car ^diaa’s appointed hr tbe Holy Fsliertc *~waieh orrr the welfare of the cburrb in mln I loaTy coxmtriea. Tbe Cardinals after doe enmaderattoo prramt the matt‘'r tc the Pope, who floally makes tbe aclactioo and app<^ta tbe new bisbop. The Pope is not obHged to accept any of the names Ctpooed. and although it Is not customary may reject both lists and select a name not on either. The election ibeiefore, li> this country differs vary materially from warded to Home, the following questions must be answered regarding each of thrm. 1. The name. *urDamc. agr anti conn try of tbe candidate. To what dioccM or eccleeias ical province does be heSoiig. 3. Where tlid he pursue bis tbeo'ogical studies and what wa.^ In'* Mieces^ tberoinV 5. Did he obtain any deirrccs; Wbat are future employment. Bcsldfs strikes affect the gn*Ht puldic of America, as well as the emplo\er, and workmen should consider tbe riiilrs of this public w’hrse moral sup poj I. moreover, tbe cause of labor sorely nc<*<ls. ■ For my own part I believe the large ' umber of men who j >in the strikes are they? 5. Haslu' ever 1>*-Hn a ¡>ioft' more to Ikí j)ltied than to be blamed. Tbey pastor for the Toting is CDO When throe absolute roa- the caorodcal election by lb* old cathedral chap era. In thoee eectJona tbe p rsoo elected by tbe chapter acqnlred the right to (be see. and unlesa there were very ser loos r*«auns aga'nat It, be was inrariablj eonirmed. In this country the persons aaiacted acquire oo rights of any kind, tbrr are simply recomendad to tha Holy FatWr, who may accept or reject them. qcBSTtOFt TO mi airawnPBD. When tke names of rax»didatrs are for- and ol wbat brancbcs? (> I las be 1 een en-nged in tbe practical work of tie* nr‘-‘;i>>n? Where was it and wbat ev|'crieiu*e di«l he acquire there? 7, How mauy and wbat languages docs be .*;i>*’ak v 8.’ Wbat j>o '-itioo* hs* he held ami with w bat sum-!*? 9. What degree <*f prudence has bei-bowu in deliberaii n« aud in bis.manner of «et-ing? 10. Is he sound in I* dy. iiumI laie. patient and exporiem ed in the mauago ment of temm>ral mstlett* '    11    I» es le enjoy a gootl reputation for probity, or wa* there ever any ♦'UKp'<*i »n aHaebetl to bis good name? 12. is ho attentive in c.\ crcidng his priestly fum tions. ret oUec'etl and edifying and <*areful in ob^ rving tin tbe rubrlcsT 13. D-tcs he display giav¡:y and piety in hi.^ parb, Is-aring. g.di. eon rersalioD and in all otlicr From thesg,rcgttbiti«ui8 v\.> bow > di citnus the Church is in tbo appoinfnieiii of those who are to rule ovtT tbe raitliful Sf> the succeseora of tlie ai ostles. In fb:i« high station fhc wi-he*. only men «if triod prudence and Mtnl’y livt'- * to 1k> p’need. for she knows that un tlic u i.-doui ami piety of the shopln-rd the |>ro«j»erity and siafety of the ti<s k will tlo|H;id—C.o nl Tidings. are led on by irresponsildc and tyrannous ebiefs. Lalwr un' 0118 ARCHBISHOP IRELAND. New York. July I*» -The iiur.i |{« .. Archbishop Ireland, of St Paul .M nn . who has brsnaeu»-^* at tbo II..Hand llou-* for four week*, left the city last night fot biabóme. The Ifidlaod iIou«<* i.'« in the psriah of Mgr I>ut ey, of I>o*s. .<i>t :i» log of tbe Arebbisbop’s visit. Mgr. Dm \ said. ‘ Archbidiop Irelsnd hs« bo.-n In New York for &ome w<.*i*kR on privaie Im'-im coooerted with nialti r< of gn at imp r tance to tbo faithful ..f liis di.H cv^' ||< did not register at the lloll>«nd Moa » f .r the simple na.8*ui that be iind m. I im-i«. give to callers. ■‘In the mouth of S* pfnulM i llie m trie try sod coll-go for tin-Di<<* i -o of i't I’a d will be oj*em^ Mr Hill a railnmd p’e i dent, well known in tli*' Nortli««>^i nnd who is a non enfbolic. lues eonirteii^d about a million of m' tiey for edm    i. purposes in the Di'H i'Si-1 f sr Paul. An !i oti^hop Ireland, wn.» is tully alive i.. ilu active IhotighI an.l demand of tlie .! iv. b s-beecn giost bii«y preparini; ta li I dn- v»r k>u» chain of t».is til*iea ionat iii-ii|iiii<<; with most «'i>rapetent abil will iii'-trm iei profc**M»r* ‘■priests of bis di»Hf s< ^vomig nu no; Promifc, have N-en studying in Uon.o. aria at the Jobn Ilopkirw I nivt-isiiy in Hsitimorc. aotl at the ('atbolir I niv» r-ii \ in Washington, an i iln Areb' isb »p East to perfevI tin vari>>us busit.<-s rmngement* la'arirg u|»**n ib« opening o| this great cdu.aitoiml ínst¡iutÍ4.ii of ib< Nf»rthwe^ ■ In iissiog the r« • eul -Dik*- tb*. \« to rablc archliishop said **I dislike to s}.« ak of lilt I bii .1't« striKi bec.iuse to so tioing I vliaM I* uiu* l.ilw r wht'e because « f mv d-ep mp iibit'** v i b it, I ^hotiid w¡vij to III \ t r hill w> I ; of prai'-e f«»r it. i ¡n a inoie.t »it u^ - • dal 1 risis, sut b rts I bt oiif liirougb w b • l we arc passing, it 1*^ a tluiy to -jaak alón»! and to make avowal of i‘e trull.'.jf.d ciple* which will 'uve * i« ty ami upbo ii jus'ioe, and 1 am glad of the oppoituintt affordetl nie. •*Tbe fatal mÍK'ak< that b a la i n inadi in conm-ction witii this strike i^ tli-d pi . pertr has been <It>in.v< 1 the ItUiiy-f clti¿cnA ioterfercil witli* human lives *» . dangcred, scdcty onb-r iiienac» .1. Ibc i » stiluUoos and frtc'tloui i.f tbt < on> try put In moat M-rious i»- p.trdy. 'I’be inom n such lhlng> hsp{»cu all p^v' ible at to the rlgliU and grií-vaiit» -»d Id. t must be drop I *etl out of sight mul nil < IbuT of law abiding » it an«l nil pultife ofi;. ials made to »i4>rve in maintaining pid.'t' order, and guantinr td all costs ilie jud i.. weal. l>«lK.r luu't learn iliat bow.\.i aacre>! iu rights 1- tb» n- i- s-.iik ibi i above them and ah«d«»i* ly -uprenu- dal order add the taws of [luldi*- jiistit . Tbeie is no evil crime a.^ bide m'i ninl a- f>regnanl of la suits a." n-sisiaiun- t< aw anti the o»n»*tiimi».n:il aiilhorittes oi tbe country Tbt' n sisi.m», is n v«’l t ion; Il begets eb:e s. il is anareby . it »h-ruplt llie whole soi ial f.ibrb w bi< ti insur -life and mfety to tbe p^K.r veülaa ’« tbe rmpbiyer" •'There can t»e m» li**sil .tíón to biiiu in tbe help of tLn* n pr# ssiv powi-rs oi sodety wHen property is menaced mvagesor men who for ib.- t inelM'iuu nr» lumeti into sRvagt s w I I l.urii *>r <l» str.»> property wlielher i» ilie fnelory of tin rich man or the in.orninn's c«»*e, i r«.. road car or a nali« nal buibliiig. >i« m criminal and more j« t is tf>» act of mur*ierfnE human Inings ..r of « n dangering t leir lives •'Labor, too, inu'l Kam Hu lesson tbai tbe liberty of the citira n b I»» l*c n «| e» t« .1 t>oc man basthe right to» h.s* fr in but be has no right t»» «bive another inar from work. He who n-8¡H i t.'» not tlie l:l> eiiy ot others show s himself unworthy ol his own lil>eriy sod iocapab c of « l> i/c . •bln in a free ro'intry. Never ean rioD and mob ml- and lawless <b‘pro*:siion 1». tolerated. The ee»uutry that i*erniiti>. them signs its diwih warrant. “Riot-r nl mob rule, such as have oc» er-red to Chicwtfo. <]<» imm»-nse barm to tin cwuse of labor and ^ct bn» k it.s advance l(»i whole decades of ycarR. I-dmr thcn bj, ioaeafhe sym|>íitby of tb<.uHHn»ls ».f friemb and gives couragean<l triuinpli i«> its in emies. Worse y» i. the principles of po¡»u lar government .suffer. “It ifi no wonder lliat reitding of tbe occurrences in America. Kurop*Miis an oounoc Ihnt tbe Hcpublic Í8 n fuilur»' itiui ihat strong monarchy «mly can ii >ld .'«m í» t \ logvther. Now here on e:»rt|i has the man liberty, civil, s »ial an«l industri »i. as that which he enjoy..» in AmeiU'a. 1.-ibts liberty !*» be used in tearing <l»»w n liie Republicwhich Mc.smts and pr.)t<»ts i hem V “1 sm far fr»»m saying that not bad i s gricvamx-s in Arnerici. nor tbit redriiss must Dot Ik* s»uigbt. I would u »i respect llie laborer wb»» M-eks not to i-njoy JI bis right* and to in p'ovc bis <*i.nditi ii But all thi'ntii.s* Im* doDcwitliin tlu* liru *-of aodal order and luw. '¡’be r* nuxly loi these Ills isa h«‘altby public opinion a-ti fair public legidation ami all bxitunate ct-forts In ih«6c «linclions w bctbrr l>y single act or united force, are laudable L ii»*)i has made great progress iu llie re<-enl past, it must not be loo ha.sty'. “As to strike*, I rtqieal the words of» tsbor leader, Mr. T, V. Powderly: they an-nearly always failure's, lunl should scjuc» ly ever be r> lorb-d to. even w hen most securely guarded from wrong-doing. “The workman, even when be apparently gains his purpose, find on c«>mputa-tlon that be has suffered severe financial looses and has weakened his have great value, liul one marked evil in th«mis that they pul the lllicritie.s of lens of thousands in tlic keeping of onemsH, or of a few, who liecoine iludr absolute roasters, their de-'ipo’ic c/.i»r8. "Tlu fc 8 rikes read a lesson to capital. C ipital must for its own ssLe, aa well aa f'=r humanity's f-ake, be mindful of ita own ilutkftandof the rights and interests of i nluir. "The f-olidion to the difT»*rcnces between c;i[>ifal ami lalK>r is necessarily complex* «ml no one prec'st* formula has been or » an 1m‘ found. A genenms sense of justice tow ar»l all. H d»ep love of one’s fellows, »n»l attentive If'ieaings to tbe teachings of Cbii't will lea«l on all allies to a better un-d»T-»t atuling umi to bai*pier mutual rela- ti«»ns, "C» rtHÍn it l.v* that so far as it it possib’e • be laborer st.ould not lack the means of dicont snpiout for hiniRclf and his family; ':<* sboiibi uot be overburdened iU wfigbl <»r lime of lalior; hcshouKl bctrcat-*’d as a ra’ional nml a moral being, with ill r«*'p <-l for bis hninan dignity. “His rcimincration, if niminisbing in fa‘ri«nls of deptession, ¿bould increase in p' lioilsof bu‘»iiu»ss pro'iiicr.ty. Industries • w liieb allow ronie profit sharing, which I 'i»‘uie tlie lalnirer from waut in sickness * .11 I old a*.’»*, g dn Urcngtb to themselves I wbile » unforting the woiklnginan. i *'Aml, a.s ’»» some means of prevention of htrikraand dangenms <!!spules between capi ni and labor, nottiing lietter ro far has b-en siiggcMtsi than arbitration, within all file Hiie.s ».f wisd in and jus ice that n i-ional legi-1 dion can throw around it. Arbitration wi 1 cive-Mt leHht moral conclu-'ion. a *aiiist.ivb'eb neither capital nor lull r t oiild Well II hi out. "^e?*, I approveil highly of President i ('le»elaiai’s I'oiirse in the strike. His prompt a.Tion lir.’Ugbt Ktnic and city ofll-iais, »ili/.onK Hii'l strikers to tbelr senses, •n 1 n raiiily, so far as lie went, he had 1 gal right w it b hi n. *Mr. Cb vebinl dc.serv<8 well of tbcna- • ¡<»n. and of tlie pi'op'c of ClifcHgo In par-iiiii.r. 1« were well. Indeed, for tbe prim ipb s of II;» lb ]MibIicif city and sta'e iiitlionii» s w« re iihvays so prompt and firm in aedon a*» to r« ndcr needless all ap-,M ;il to ilic National K.xecutivc. lint talking in a g«*m*ral way without reb'nuu»- to the city of Chicago or tbe '?a*< of lllinoi-i, of tía* alTairs of which I a*n not fully instruct*tl. the dlfHcully is that s«at« aiid city olli» ¡ala are sometimes ' >li» itous ot |Mjlitical interests and part}' coii'iileiatioii.s that tb»y fear to offend and i!| .w S.» ial troubles to grow until reprca-'!• *11 s»-eiii>» iinpos.«ible. " I be iHsd of this country ia lofty, d’a-iiiter» .*:(e«l patuotism, which forgets all minor .i!! mees • ii pn-s* ncc of the W» Iwnre, and bit-s the coiirugc to make i I ‘Meritie»" which maybe needed to up-ii.»!d this welfare. I'll»' position of I!k* Cnlbolic Cliurcli is I -ilv define»». Slie ands for tights and iu'ié'. for labor ami caffltalso longos b..Mi f idow «lutits ami llie oue allows ibe 'iubt t.l ill»* I'llier. lint always and every \ In r»>. ami above all other civil an»l s»x;ia1 III* ii 'D or »*o!i.sid» r.iiiouH, she stands ftir ¡•ubli» ju^liee ami s»h ial order. »Sbe ah- ii r-i and forbids all approach of lawless !»«' .ltd aiiar»'.*iy. she»• inmundsobedience III law and Heiri loyalty to country and to II' insiiuitioii " THEIR PENCILS RAN WILD. In    Fbiladelpbia’smorning papers of It>t .Moiulay api «'Jireii K splendid sample ■ f the -« :»o;» e »»f “bow not to do It." Mis fakes will happen In the best regulated new 'pi|H*r, but for tlic largest number of i r r.-i in the smallest p'.*ss¡ble space corn-nil II»! II' t«» the Hi'count of St, Ignatius’ '' TiM'r .'(oiM* lay iiig <»f last Siiuday, as repelled in ttje áb.resai»! ] a¡>crs the next ii.-riiing, II»*v. A. ,J Sehultc w'SB “Shultz" ‘Sliult»*. ’ ".‘■ibul'ze,” “Hullze.” “Hhul ?e, of M. t'liarks liorroineo's." being wrong Ol all liv«*. In two of IIih pipers itev. P. I, (;a»»»-y, I>. D.. was “Rev. Dr. J. Gar-»«*y 'Her II nry Moininel, of St Alphoo-'11'*.was •‘Sliiniiu 1." “¡Stummel,’’“8tomin-Aell” Ik-v. Fulelis i*ipeideJ, C. 88. P., was M .‘i|H-i»i»‘ii." “Frank Spfcdel." Ilcv' I* .1. D««.b y. S. .1 . w'as “.l»>hn J. Dooley," II tw». pa|*i rs. “.lohii .1. Diilley," *‘.I. J. D»."K y ' .1.," Is'iog w'rong in nil liv» pa|H'rs l{»-v. Fraiu'fs Regncry was ■ Reigney," ill three papers, lx.‘ingall in »vbU h his name jipDcand. Rev. J« s-jih .X'.'sinan was “Orssman," “Ossman,** in In*only two pa| ♦•rs r<*jwirt*iig his nimc Rev. lieurv A Uantert was “Gultcrt" a* d ‘Gauterl." iK-ing naimd cornctly in but ■.m* Rev. 'I’iieoibjrc Hammeke wa»-'Tlion as" in three papep*», being all in wbbdi hi.s imnu* ap|>CHrtil. Rev, John A, I liic' was Tilles ’ in the only paper :mbli.'l;i ig his name Rev. Bi'rnard Kr.>-ves W its “Henj iiiiin Kervis,*’ '‘Korvis’’ and *Ko vis. of tlie German Church,” nppiar ng in imt three paiicrs Rev. Hichird F. Harris. <1, S. A., was *'.! Hnrris,” “R. A. Hurri';’’ Rp|S'firing in hut Iw'o pape»s. Rev, I. \V. Shanahan w»is “.Shannahan.” R«-v. ('liarles A. MeFaddcn w’as“J.M. McFad-*len” uml "J. McFadden," appearing in Imt two papers. The name of Rev. Will-m*n Heinen, pas'or of the new church, w hi«-n. .strange to say, only appeared in • uiep»|»er, wiis given us "William H. He-men." Kind reader, when we make a slip and you are inclined to vis't your wrath upon us n inemlier these. —Catholic Times The American Catholic Tribukb ^Ve ask the imlulgence of our sub* 'cribers, as the American Catholic 'Fr.!nrNE lias been unfortunatly a liul»* slow with this the fisstedition, printed in a m:w dress, on its own new press witli its own elcetric motor. Onr electric current is home m;idc-vbl the stores of this entire section of the city will be lighted fr< 111 this jioint. Now* that we are in first class run ins: order wo will endeavor to make ^ « np for lost liino. A large St. lícrnard clog saw 16 y’ear ohj Emanuel Farrie swiming in Ea't river New York last Saturday and rescued him, as the noble animal thought from dronniog. The boys arm showed the prints of chance* for the dog s teeth in several places. THE AFRO-AMERICAN PRESS ASSOCIATION. Afro-American Press Association of The United States: President’s Office I 814 E. Broad St. Richmond, Va., July 86, 1894. J Members of the Newspaper Fraternity: Grsktino:    There    seems    to    be    a concerted effort on the part of the bourbon Southern whites press to belittle the efforts of Miss Ida B. Wells and to deny the truth of what she says in her crusade in England where she is arousing public sentiment against the crowning infamy of the nineteenth century— American lynch-law. It is plainly evident that the Afro-American Press should continue to rally to her support and to have its columns utilized in her defense. Therefore it is earnestly requested that all race editors write at once an editorial setting forth the hideous situation of affairs in this coun-ry, so far as it relates to lynch law. It is further suggested that in view of the fact that certain untrue scanda’ous and outrages statements have been made against the moral character of Miss Ida B. Wells who we all know to be a lady of unblemished character, a self-sacrificing worker in the intrest of the race with which wo ar»3 identified, one who was at one time honored with the position of Secretary of ibis Association that each editoral sup plement the article refered to by another in her defense. Cowards, poltrooms, villians at tempt to assassinate one’s life work by just such underhanded methods and from their attacks no one in public life is secure. Copies of iournals containing such articles will he mailed to Miss Im-prey. Street, Somerset, Somersetshire, England, where they can he tabulated and so arranged as to form a wall of defense for this patriotic little lady who is battling so heroically in our defense. Signed: John Mitchell, Jr. President. LIST OF OFFICERS. Officers of the Afro-American Press Association of the United States. VVhich meets at Uichraond,Virginia, Tuesday, Wednewlay and Thursday Sept. I Ith, 12th, and 13, 1894. President, John Mitchell, .Tr., of the Richmond, Va., “Planet.” Vice Presidents: 1st.—Chris. J. Perry, of the Philadelphia, Pa., “Tribune.” 2nd.—J. Thomas Turner. 3rd.—K. J. Sawyer, of the Bennettsville, S. C., “Educator.” 4th.—L E. Christy. 5th.—Rev. R. R. Wright, D. D., of the Augusta, Ga., “Sentinel.” Secretary, Rev. G. W. Clinton, of the Salisbury, N. C., “Star of Zion.” Corresponding Secretary, Charles S. .Morris, Treasurer, A. G. Clark, of the Iowa “Solicitor.” Historian, J. C. Duke, of the Pine Bluff, Ark., “Echo.” Chaplain, Rev. J. Francis Robinson, Forth Worth, Texas. FXECU'iJVK BOARD. Hon. John C. Dancy, of the Wilmington, N. C, “A. M. E. Zion Quarterly,” chair., W. Calvin Chase, of the Washington, D. C., Bee; W. J. Baylor, Harrisburg, Pa , Times; Col. Wm. Murrell, of the New Jersey “Trumpet,” John Q. Adams, of the St. Paul, Minn, “Appeal;” C. IL shotwell, of Chicago, “Bee Free S|>eech,” F. I». Barnett,of the Chicago. “Conservator,” J. R. Clifford of the Martinsburg, W. Va., “Pioneer Press;” G. F. Bowles, of the Natchez, Miss., “Brotherhood;” Bishop, H. M. Turner, D. D., of the Atlantic, Ga., “Voice of Missions;” W. H. A. Moore, New York; J. A Booker, Roht. Pelham, A. S. Barnett, G. L. Knox, Indianapolis, Ind., “Freeman.” bureau OF INFORMATION. D. A. Rudd, of the Detroit, Mich., American Catimlic Tribune, chair,; J. C. Duke, Pine Bluff, Ark , “Echo;” J. L. Flemming of the Chicago, “Bee Free Speech;” A. Roht. Jackson, Memphis, Tenn., “Watchman;” Rev R R, Wright, D. D., Augusta, Ga , ‘ Sentinel.” The Catholic to’.al abstinence societies of Massachusetts have voted not to use Pullman cars on the trip of their delegates to St. Paul for the national convention, Aug. 1. This is a course which will commend itself as the proDcr one for all bodies and individuals in S3*rapathy with workingmen to pursue. One fact in connection with the great Chicago strike, which cannot be denied is that Pullman treased bis employes tyrannically and cruelly. There is no law which will compel any one to use his cars. The delegates from this state may follow the example set by the Massachnsetts T. A. B men.—Connecticut Catholic. Actual measurements have shown that the siz-i of a hair depends much upon Jts color and that suoh fl'aments on the hu man head vary from the 250th to the 600th part of an inch, blonde hair being finest and red the coarsest. Dr. Zung, German specialist, says that the average number of hairs on a blonde head is 140,000; on the red not more than 90,000. Right in the middle of the finest residential portion of Montreal, with ita grounds having a frontage on St. Catherine, Guy and Dorchester streets, stands the Convent of the Gray Nunnery, one of the largest and certainly one of the hancsomcst from an architectural standpoint in America. The convent is built of griy stone and stands in its own beautiful grounds amid bright green trees aud cultivated gardsn plants. The Order of the G*'ay Nuns was founded in 1747 with tbe object of assisting the poor and ever since the time when the convent was an incommodious building ncartbe river side the good Sisters have been gradually increasing in numbers until now they are some seven or eight hundred, and the good they are doing in the city every day is incalculable. The number of inmates in the convent now is nearly 900, of whom over 4(X) arc Duns, always busjr, always b ight and cheerful and devoting all the best fruits of their labors to the benefit of the poor for the love of God. The kind and cheerful Sisti-r who con ducted us over the building first showed us the pharmacy of the convent, a bright neat room, better supplied with bottles of drugs and other appliances incident to medical practice I han isa druggist’s shop or thelat»oratory of an outside doctor. As trierearcliitle It ss than a thousand persons altogether in the convent and a good number of these are in d( dining old age and others are but a few weeks old and c<mse quently subject to all the many ids of infancy, the doctor and the good Sisters, therefore, are almost continually employed attending to cases of slÍL*ht disposiiltin, but every remedy for serious cases may be supplied from ttie stores in the convent when occasion requires. In the medical department is a Sister who is a qualifieil dentist, and can crown, fi.l, bore and extract teeth as well as a male dentist. Tbe Sisters, say the patients, would rath» r the Sister extracted their leet i tnan an ordinary dentist, for she has more sympathy for them and is at greater trouble nut to give I hem pain. Leaving the medical department we proceed to the repository of devotional articles. Here are rosaries, scapulars, crosses and other articles, all made either by sick or poor inmates who are to fe ble todo heavier work. In addition to the above the Sisters make relic cases and stands Some of these cases are beautifully and very gorgeously decorated with gold filigree work and bright silk plushes. In this room also arc several nuns highly skilled in the manufacture of mementoes from the hair of dead relatives or frb iids. The mementoes take many forms, such as hair watch charms, rings and other artirl s for personal w'car. The process by w’blch hair is made int > these varied articles is fxtrcKiely slow and tedious, and can be executed by a vei^ skilled person of strong artistic tastes. The shortest lengths ot hair can be used. On one card was hair of a dark brown color, some of the single pieces of which were not more than a quarter of an inch in length when handed to the S’ster. Yet all of them were utilized and converted into a beautiful floral design, which was a real work of art. In a glass case was a w’reath of flowers, all made of human hair. The flowers were rais« d and lookeil most natural and attractive. The hair of which the wrtath was made * as of three generations of a family. He e was the gray hair of the grand parents, tbe two shades of brown hair of tbe parent-and the bright vell iw locks of tbe little children, all harmonizing in co’or and woven together in a valuable and uncommon personal mem< nto which could be kept and treasurtd in the family for yeais a id years. In a room a little further along the cor-rid* r is being carried on the work of making the lovely wax figures of the Infa»ii Jcbus, which brighten the crib in the churches at Christmas time. These im ages are moulded entirely of good quality wax and are tinted and have tbeir eyes in-erted afterwards by nuns w’ho devote their lime especially to thia work. The work of chiselling the features of the images into definite form is intrusted to another Sister. The favorite mould used by the Sisters in making these figures was presented to them nearly one hundred years ago by the Jesuit Fathers, and they have kept it ever since. In another room along the same corridor six or seven Sisters are busy making vett-ments. The methods of working are just (he same as were followed hundreds and hundreds of years ago in the convents of the old world. Very few innovations have crept into this beautiful task which enables the g<x)d Si'Ursto employ their highest artistic abilities for the immediate glory of God. In this room there were being decorated some oxquis tely beautiful and costly vestments set with valuable stones and heavy with filigree gold. The Bisters love their allotcd work and take great pride in showing ft to a vi llor. In a room across the corri lor from tl is were a number of lay Sisters engaged in making the host fiM'tfie Blessed Sacrament. Nothing but the very finest and the very purest of flour is used in the manufactuie. A gas mach'ne is used f< r making the wafer into sheets about ten inches by twelve in size and then a cubing machi..e shapes them. In this room also are made die wax candles for me on the altar. After visiting all tbe manufacturing parts of the hou^e, we proceeded to tbe e Juca-rional portion. The Sister wh » was conducting us said: “We admit persons 1 ere of all ages, from babies a week old to the oldest men and women. Poverty is th» only qualification.’’ The Sisters of the Gray Nuns, mostt of whom are of good famdy, spend thoir whole lives and vow them'Clves to povertj 80 that they may be the better able to understand and care for the poor for whom they do so m'ich. In the instituii-.n are 400 pi »or persons who are supported and clothed by tbe efforts of the nuns. These people have no claim upon tueir generous benefactors except the claim of poverty, and this claim to the good Sisters is mo» e powerful than any other that could be put forward.    n In one long, airy r^om were 14o old wc-m« n contenidiy knitting and sewing and otherwise occupying their time useful | those wiio were too feeble to wrorksit in big easy chairs and chatted pleasantly t« one another, probably of their young da ■ Several old men were sitting around in another room. There are ninety-five old men in the institution, but in the summer t’memo! t of ihein prefer to go out pottering about m the garden. One large plot in the garden has been generously given by the mother superior especially for the production of tobacco for tbo old men, so that they may cnj'»y their smoke as il thev had remained prosperous in the w rid* L p in a bright nursery, on one of the higlier flats, are forty little swinging cots, in which babies from a week old are reposing. It is an arduous task to manage so many little infants, but the good Sisters accomplish it, and the little tots are almo-t as tenderly cared for as they would be under the care of a loving mother. When the children grow to be 5 or 6 year.s of age they are transfered to another department among children of their owm age, and at the age of 7 or 80 they are put to school, where they remain for about six years.and then plac *d-out to earn their own living. FOR COLORED MISSIONS» After visiting the numerous other (departments in the building, including the kitchen, laundry, bootmakers’ and printers’ shops, stocking makiog rooms, weaving- rooms, the Sifters dormitories, the children dormitories, etc., we went to the chapel, which is a magnificent strnctnre, and owes much of its beauty to tbe genero-s’ty of the late Mrs. -T iflin, who donated the beau'iful pictures on Its walls and the costly jeweled tabernacle, as well as many other beautiful statues. Mrs. Tiftin was an inmaic of the convent for ten years io the capacity of boajder, and tier many i»c s of gener«)6ity to tlie church, h« r exemplar» life an I love of the poor, endeared lier to all who knew her. Especially "as Sie loved by the Sis'ers wi h whom she ha l come in contact. KHIVATE DETECTIVES. NUMBER I* T»st Amount of Xiambug; an<l Black-msilinir Oone by Them. It Is a long while since thocout-ta lave dealt with the pii ate detectives, and as a result the rqen who ply this pa tjcularly nefarious t -ado are bejoming unusually p onineut ain in Now Yo k. They a e advo tising extensively, says the !iew York Sun, and many oi the old offices, vi^hich wore shut up when the c usade ag irist them began In sarnest a few years ago, have been reopened and the old shingles hung out again. The private dotevtires wero driven out of business by the newspapers ^d the strict attitude in the matter (aken by the police. 'The ”ork of these men is nearly always sneakis'n In character. They make a specihl-ty of preying upon the jealousy or suspicions of married women, and their business is a lucrative one, because, as is generally known to the police, they almost invariably sell out to bcth parties. A woman who is su.s-picious of her husband is caught by the attractive a(^vertisement of one of these agencies> and ventures into the clutches of the manager of the concorn. She wishes to have her husband shadowed, and two men are detailed to watch his movemenis. Shadowing is no longer profitable in Now York, and iP seldom resorted to by the regular police force. If the detective succeeds in finding out one or twofaets a*boufe a man that he would not care to have his wife know, ho makes an arrangement with him by which all the reports submitted to her are revised by him. In other words he writes the reports, while the detectives take up some other case. Thoir charge is usually |4 a'day for each man who is supposed to be shadowing a victim. So it costs the wife $8 a duy for a report which her husband dictates, which usually ;hows him in the light of. a painstaking and unexceptionable husband. The amount which the husband pays depends upon the ability of t'ne agency to boat him. It has been proved in scores of instances that the business is one ol blackmail and fraud, and the police view wiili some alarm the great increase of agencies during the past year. Shamefal IVaste. Lord-Chancellor Eldon was energetically aided in his parsimonious habits by his wife, of whom it was said that she and her daughter bad but one bonnet between them. ' One morning, intending to enjoy a few hours’ sport after a rainy night, he ordered Boh, the pony, to be saddled. Lady Eldon tcrid him he co’ald not have it, but company being in the room, gave no reason. In a few minutes, howeve»*, the servant appeared and announced that Bob was ready. “Why, bless mo.” cried her ladyship, “you cau’t ride him. Lord Eldon, ho has got no shoes on.” “Oh, yes! my lady,” said the servant, “he was shod last week.” ••Shameful!” exclaimed her ladyship; “how dared you, sir. or anybody, have that pony shod without orders? John,” continued she, addressing her husband, “you know you only rode him out shooting four times last year, so I had his shoes taken off. and have kept them in my bureau over since. They are as good as new, and those people have shod him again; we shall be ruined at this rate!”—Argonaut The first chiss making the compkü cour^, graduated this summer from any Collége, Baltimore, Md. The ^nd graduating essays are as folMPM: P»*era. Sas P. Brocks; “History of IM# clasf," Grank J. Tobin; “OurFinit Tcaek* er.*’ G. Edward Goddnra; “Our Ideal Mlll^ ionarv;” Thomas J. Duffy; ’i'Wit and Hm mor," David f). Forbct; "Our First Oib' tnry of National Growth and PrograiM,* Louis B. PostoreUi; “American ature,” Thomas Plunkett; “Our Ahm Mater," Justin McCaithy; “Our Mo^o; Uniatte Vaemus," Oliver N.*"JaekeQ|% Vahdictory, Charles F, Hannigan. j AVe append the address to tbe graduatflA given by the Very Rev. J. R. Slattery^rtpr’ tor of St. Joseph s Scmitinry for the oikif-ed missii'ns;— In closing the schools last vear 1894. we witn' Fs the graduation of the first batrAed 'tudents who have gone all through Epiphany. In other words, this Al>oiA^' lie College is five years old- ’ The Ephiphany ) as indeed thia yw# given us a siibd a< o i and three tonsurea, hu today’s graduates are tie son6 of 4|| a Ma’cr from babyhood up! Graduatlem me »ns expansion of mind. A new Ufe II bef»jrc y«>u. tbe s-minary. '•V'hen Is dan detcribes the call wonderful v cation he tells ns that tt came to him in a visu n of the great whfta 'hrone. He heard tbe ang« lie hosts chanting, ‘ Hol^ Holy, H )!y, Lord God ef HossI’ Jiie angel fl«*w to the altar 4m whicn were buriii’ g coals. Putting one on the Prophet’s bps, he became at oace on fire with the H ly Spirit. “Wbom -hall I sen i?.’ asked the L -rd. '*I-»oid. her. I am," ansvce^^ed Isa ah, “send me.” •S > w«i mfiysny the angel of the Epipb-•uid today touclies the 1 fis of the yoitng graduates with the burn’ng coaJ of 1^ Apostalate. “Lo, send m>s" each aaé every one of you giv* s forth an ansi*«|L Pef- re Laiah stood out t»*e needa of Dm people; b»*fore you ari'ev afresh the greatness oi the N' gr » Apostalate. Rffsponá Io this newi h- rd res undinginyour heart-Let me add, furthcrmor •, that your jier-.'erv mcc d‘.ring five y»-ars should bripj^ you con'cimisneós of streng'h.    ' Henc- should see in y» u a fresh renewal of V our piirp\>se to dedicate yours If to Dm Negro Mis'ioiis. Tiius you !i;n'e motur» d the desires ^ your young hea ts, and ti?uight you *taal4 just Imddiug into manhood, drMMHlajf »ml» ■ f the Loro’s glí.T».    y ^ Tliink »>f ih - eighteen years of prepatm-lion wliich ('olunibus had, meeting disaR.* ' p.-iuniient on all .'ides. 0».e year ‘vas he io ih-* Spa ish Court thaa y|^ were a the EpiiJian». Borne dowh tw .1 injury ai.d ins It, he bravely renewed '' M-soliitio < atevery iniffel.....Kvafy ;'*-. step in your c »reer has t»eeu a joy and ; tilessing. New fiel-.s of knowl age h$wo¡ opened up to you. The terse and dry petition *»tMenso, mensae, faded awaj hato i he roi^ded periods of Horace. Vljfl Rou.a; wa¿ suppKnte»! by those eloquekl outbursts, ProMilone .and Contra Catlii-nam. .The m> si(;al tong^- of old Hoiuir you liáve so mastered as to be able to taka up the New Testament- and read tha .wr-. iginal words ol tbe inspin^ AQSk*!^ " How idfferéat the peaceful ste^ ^ “ years alThe BphipIianyTr^;'' the bulent years passed by Columbus in As semiu u ians you take on new studiiM,' phil osophy amt Church history, theologBf' and Sacred Scripture, the holy studies ef Mother Church, which for ages have btEp tne heirlooms of G»-d’8 chosen souls, i^-long witli these studies you will don tha dre'S of the clergyman;you take your M wnh tht: sanctuary anst the Church. Ye*, Col iniims’ heart exulted wlien be first saw light and then land. “Alight! a ligktr’i the Sp iniards cry. “Laud ahoy!” if heairw. ihene.xtday. But what light or wk laud eejuul-! the crossing the threshold the tern’ a y; to do he one’s self with I! cassock and thencefoiward to give life toG»xl.    r “Bhss the Lord, oh my soul, and idl that is within me ble'S His bQly name.”.- " . In couchision, 1 here are ceriain e emeirta; of s rrow in ou' gat; eriug. Fatiu r Man^ lias gone; .'»» Ijus Mr. Hoolihaq. . Poer Flood is ill, and Mr. Tobin is at konia weeping over the death of a saintly mothef. It is the shadow of the Cross over our feati-vi ie'; in one a cross, but in anotkaf r. »h istisn consolation, for • we are luxtli tiiose who have no h»)pe, for we beHere that they wh»> have slept through Jenue Ch.'ist will God bring foith*” May your holidays prove very happy, and let us tea you at St, Joseph’s S> miuary on tbe Fawpl »>f Our Mother of 8«>rrows, the third Daxb-day in Sep*ember. ■m Too ISmall for Cat». The young man from the city had been fishing. He hadn’t had much luck, but it was more than he was used to, and he looked very jubilant as he strode into the farmhouse kitchen with his catch. “.What’je git’?” asked his host. ••Oh, nothing much. Just a few catfish.” - •‘Moan them?” the farmor inquired, pointing with his pipestem. “Certainly. 'riioy’re not very large. But there’s no doubt about their being catfish.” “Wal. mebbe they passes fur catfish out whur you come from. But hero wo calls them kitten fish.—Den ver Tribune. One Source of Cpposltlon. “It seems a shame,” sa d a visitor at the capítol, “for a man to serve his country faithfully and then be Dropped out of sight. I’m in favor of lettln* ’em hold office during good behavior.” “Well,” replied his companion, “it might be a good idea. But I don’t know but some o* tbo senators ud look at it as an effort to shorten their lerma”—Washington Star. CINCINNATI. Captain Ford Smith is home afHff a pleasant visit to Detroit, Micb. • K Mr. Thaddeus Bramlette is hap|i|^ It’s a gill, and congratulations pouring it.    V Miss Alice Parham, who h;is Ijcea visiting relatives for the past m- nths, is home again. -    - Mr. Peter Lax, of Strpng again out after an illness so that his life was di.'paired of< - ; : . Gordon .Jackson, the y»>un^ of Teorge II. .lackson, Es»j , is cpB-valescing, and iriaj- be out again ib a few days    -•> .Mrs Robert Fisher, of Cjiip^kgo, is in the city, and was euteriaMaed at supper Monday evening -Mri. .ies'ie later.    ’ '    " Ay Mr. Kush Smith, after a protract«4 absence from the city, was . atfttÍB-circulating among bis ifrieiids few days this week.    ,    -• The Courts having closed, vMr. Leff Sniiih, Bailiff of Judge Buch* waiter’s ro'-m , and wife, havk lo the country to rusticate for qjiinfr weeks.    '    <    :    ..*    » Several of our young ]adit*~B|i attending the higher institutio&é learning in this city, among wkoot are Miss Misie Williams, of the - Airt School and Miss Leonora Ray, •# the College of Music. Messrs Robert Smith and Charlé*-Cunningham, prominent citizens Laneaster, Oiiio, slopped over 'ib this city jVIonday on the way French Lick Springs, ind. WkiHl he e they were handsomely ekte»* tained by Mr. Fred Doll. It is an indication that our ancestovt wipe not dukes, it is true, but we do love tkk sound of a good hand-organ.

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